CN104106351A - Method for cultivating red plums - Google Patents

Method for cultivating red plums Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104106351A
CN104106351A CN201310139434.5A CN201310139434A CN104106351A CN 104106351 A CN104106351 A CN 104106351A CN 201310139434 A CN201310139434 A CN 201310139434A CN 104106351 A CN104106351 A CN 104106351A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
red plum
red
branch
plant
planting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310139434.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王应雷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XINYI GAOLIU TOWN XINLEI FLOWERS TRADING CENTER
Original Assignee
XINYI GAOLIU TOWN XINLEI FLOWERS TRADING CENTER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XINYI GAOLIU TOWN XINLEI FLOWERS TRADING CENTER filed Critical XINYI GAOLIU TOWN XINLEI FLOWERS TRADING CENTER
Priority to CN201310139434.5A priority Critical patent/CN104106351A/en
Publication of CN104106351A publication Critical patent/CN104106351A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating red plums, and belongs to the technical field of cultivation of ornamental trees. The method for cultivating the red plums is a planting method which is summarized in a red plum planting process for many years; practices prove that effects of the method are high. When the red plums are planted widely, the method comprises the following steps of garden planting, fertilizer and water management, tree shape management, insect disease prevention and the like. By the method, the red plums can be cultivated into trees, and the red plum trees can develop and flourish; the shapes of the red plum trees are attractive; flowers of the red plum trees are bright-colored; and the disease resistance of the trees is high.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of red plum
Technical field:
The invention belongs to and view and admire tree culture technique field, relate in particular to the cultivation method of a kind of red plum.
Background technology:
Red plum, defoliation small arbor, the rose family; Prunus, the about 10m of plant height, the dry brown purple that is; many vertical lines of refuting, it is green that sprig is, and blade is wide avette to avette; edge tool serration; spend every joint 1-2 piece, without stalk or the short stalk of tool, flower is rose pink or redness; cultivar has purple, the pattern such as red, in first leaf and opening in early spring.Red plum habit happiness temperature climate, has certain cold-hartliness, likes sunny, draughty environment, the florescence is responsive especially to climatic variation, and happiness air humidity is larger, but the florescence is avoided heavy rain, red plum can well-grown in annual rainfall 1000mm or slightly many areas, requires not tight, more barren-resistant to soil, also can be in slight alkalinity soil normal growth, in the lower floor such as gravelly clay and gravelly loam soil property, closely on soil, the branch of plum enriches, and blossoms and bears fruit flouring.Red plum in gardens, greenery patches, flower garden, scenic area, can isolated planting (the tall and big plentiful plant isolated planting of roguing shape is in the centrostigma of critical positions or sight line, to obtain the effect of " a single red in the midst of thick foliage ".), group planting (red plum is become with other plant clump intersperse in Garden Greenland, both enriched Landscape Color, enlivened again gardens atmosphere), mass-planting (plants in groups taking red plum as chief species in flakes, form amenity forest, unique leaf look and attitude are all very beautiful.) etc.; Also can be before room, on slope, roadside natural cultivate, if make background by aiphyllium or dark building, more can set off out the pure and noble U.S. of plum blossom.The feature of red plum maximum be exactly its florescence be in season in severe winter, its petal is delicate and exquisite, for the world increases a beautiful scape, is important ornamental plants in people's winter; The bud energy powder for improving appetite of red plum is strongly fragrant, promote the production of body fluid reduce phlegm, promoting blood circulation and detoxication, Escherichia coli, shigella dysenteriae, typhoid bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, comma bacillus etc. are all had to obvious inhibitory action, plum blossom can be extracted aromatic oil, aromatic oil is extracted, as the additive of food; The fruit of red plum is edible, after its airing is dry, can be made into the preserved plum that we eat usually; Plum also has medical value in addition, energy preventing phlegm from forming and stopping coughing, and the sour-sweet of it can increase feed; Japanese apricot can also be as the timber of engraving use.The present invention is a kind of cultivation method of red plum mass-planting, select leeward, on the sunny side, the good ground of draining, planted in the past winter, before winter, planted and be conducive to plum blossom and take root in advance growth, before planting, to dig plant pit, use sufficient base manure, carry out the work of beta pruning and prevention and elimination of disease and pests, can nurture tree-like grace, set and spend the red Japanese apricot bright-coloured, fruit is plentiful.
Summary of the invention:
The problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide the method for the red plum of a kind of commerial growing, and the step of the method has: plant in the garden of building, rich water quality management, tree-like management, prevention and elimination of disease and pests, and through practice test, its cultivation effect is good.
A method for the red plum of commerial growing, is characterized in that being made up of following steps:
(1) building garden plants: red plum requires not tight to soil, but also should select matter loose, fertile, the sandy loam that is rich in humus is field, also need good drainage condition, plant the strong sprout that grafting is cultivated before entering the winter, tree well when field planting wants 1-1.1 rice square, mu is planted 50-60 strain, use sufficient base manure, if soil is too sticky heavy, must be in plant pit refinement sandstone, broken tangerine bar or coal ash etc., be beneficial to draining, must be by long root system pruning once before planting, after the slurry that preferably root system is stained with mud with good conditionsi, plant, in mud, can add root-inducing powder, carbendazim, plant growth regulator etc., the depth of planting is with identical with former nursery stock Horizon place, after cultivation, water permeable, seedling stay 50-70 centimetre cut cut.
(2) rich water quality management: red plum fertilizer-sucting quantity is medium, base manure need account for the 70%-75% of annual total fertilizing amount, answer strain to execute autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 60-70 kilogram, appropriate phosphorus, the potash fertilizer of using is as topdressing, every 60 days once, and another feature of red plum growth is the drought-enduring waterlogging of avoiding, and pours water in response to restraining, the soil moisture conservation of will suitably pouring water of when arid, draining rapidly while raining heavily.
(3) pruning: early March stays 1-2 bud cutting back by the developmental branch of last year and spray later, cut off and intersect the sprouting that sprouts on branch, vertical branch, withered branch, overstocked branch, very thin, water sprout and major branch etc., side shoot is carried out to cutting back, to promote flourishing with flowers and leaves, after pruning, coat callus corrosion prevention film to wound, wound healing promoting tissue growth, Perishing prevention infection process.
(4) prevention and elimination of disease and pests: red syphilis evil has gummosis, with 50 times of liquid controls of 70% thiophanate-methyl; Anthracnose and shot hole, their early stage can spray 1000 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate or 600 times of liquid controls of spray zineb; Common insect has malacosoma neustria, goes out and removes with 1000 times of liquid of 50% Folithion; 1000 times of spray solutions of Folithion of 50% for scale insect.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the method for the red plum of a kind of commerial growing is provided, and through practice test, the method is simple and easy to do, can make red Japanese apricot grow up strong and sturdy, and tree-like grace, tree spend bright-coloured, tree body resistance against diseases is strong.
Embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
Plant in the garden of building: red plum requires not tight to soil, but also should select matter loose, fertile, the sandy loam that is rich in humus is field, also need good drainage condition, plant the strong sprout that grafting is cultivated before entering the winter, tree well when field planting want 1 meter square, mu is planted 60 strains, use sufficient base manure, if soil is too sticky heavy, must be in plant pit refinement sandstone, broken tangerine bar or coal ash etc., be beneficial to draining, must be by long root system pruning once before planting, after the slurry that preferably root system is stained with mud with good conditionsi, plant, in mud, can add root-inducing powder, carbendazim, plant growth regulator etc., the depth of planting is with identical with former nursery stock Horizon place, after cultivation, water permeable, seedling stay 50 centimetres cut cut.Rich water quality management: red plum fertilizer-sucting quantity is medium, base manure need account for 70% of annual total fertilizing amount, answer strain to execute 60 kilograms of autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizers, appropriate phosphorus, the potash fertilizer of using is as topdressing, every 60 days once, and another feature of red plum growth is the drought-enduring waterlogging of avoiding, and pours water in response to restraining, the soil moisture conservation of will suitably pouring water of when arid, draining rapidly while raining heavily.Pruning: early March stays 1-2 bud cutting back by the developmental branch of last year and spray later, cut off and intersect the sprouting that sprouts on branch, vertical branch, withered branch, overstocked branch, very thin, water sprout and major branch etc., side shoot is carried out to cutting back, to promote flourishing with flowers and leaves, after pruning, coat callus corrosion prevention film to wound, wound healing promoting tissue growth, Perishing prevention infection process.Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: Mei Diseases has gummosis, with 50 times of liquid controls of 70% thiophanate-methyl; Anthracnose and shot hole, their early stage can spray 1000 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate or 600 times of liquid controls of spray zineb; Common insect has malacosoma neustria, goes out and removes with 1000 times of liquid of 50% Folithion; 1000 times of spray solutions of Folithion of 50% for scale insect.
Embodiment 2:
Plant in the garden of building: red plum requires not tight to soil, but also should select matter loose, fertile, the sandy loam that is rich in humus is field, also need good drainage condition, plant the strong sprout that grafting is cultivated before entering the winter, tree well when field planting want 1.1 meters square, mu is planted 50 strains, use sufficient base manure, if soil is too sticky heavy, must be in plant pit refinement sandstone, broken tangerine bar or coal ash etc., be beneficial to draining, must be by long root system pruning once before planting, after the slurry that preferably root system is stained with mud with good conditionsi, plant, in mud, can add root-inducing powder, carbendazim, plant growth regulator etc., the depth of planting is with identical with former nursery stock Horizon place, after cultivation, water permeable, seedling stay 70 centimetres cut cut.Rich water quality management: red plum fertilizer-sucting quantity is medium, base manure need account for 75% of annual total fertilizing amount, answer strain to execute 70 kilograms of autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizers, appropriate phosphorus, the potash fertilizer of using is as topdressing, every 60 days once, and another feature of red plum growth is the drought-enduring waterlogging of avoiding, and pours water in response to restraining, the soil moisture conservation of will suitably pouring water of when arid, draining rapidly while raining heavily.Pruning: early March stays 1-2 bud cutting back by the developmental branch of last year and spray later, cut off and intersect the sprouting that sprouts on branch, vertical branch, withered branch, overstocked branch, very thin, water sprout and major branch etc., side shoot is carried out to cutting back, to promote flourishing with flowers and leaves, after pruning, coat callus corrosion prevention film to wound, wound healing promoting tissue growth, Perishing prevention infection process.Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: Mei Diseases has gummosis, with 50 times of liquid controls of 70% thiophanate-methyl; Anthracnose and shot hole, their early stage can spray 1000 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate or 600 times of liquid controls of spray zineb; Common insect has malacosoma neustria, goes out and removes with 1000 times of liquid of 50% Folithion; 1000 times of spray solutions of Folithion of 50% for scale insect.

Claims (3)

1. the cultivation method of a red plum, it is characterized in that: plant in step (1) garden of building: red plum requires not tight to soil, but also should select matter loose, fertile, the sandy loam that is rich in humus is field, also need good drainage condition, plant the strong sprout that grafting is cultivated before entering the winter, tree well when field planting wants 1-1.1 rice square, mu is planted 50-60 strain, use sufficient base manure, if soil is too sticky heavy, must be in plant pit refinement sandstone, broken tangerine bar or coal ash etc., be beneficial to draining, must be by long root system pruning once before planting, after the slurry that preferably root system is stained with mud with good conditionsi, plant, in mud, can add root-inducing powder, carbendazim, plant growth regulator etc., the depth of planting is with identical with former nursery stock Horizon place, after cultivation, water permeable, seedling stay 50-70 centimetre cut cut, step (2) rich water quality management: red plum fertilizer-sucting quantity is medium, base manure need account for the 70%-75% of annual total fertilizing amount, answer strain to execute autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 60-70 kilogram, appropriate phosphorus, the potash fertilizer of using is as topdressing, every 60 days once, and another feature of red plum growth is the drought-enduring waterlogging of avoiding, and pours water in response to restraining, the soil moisture conservation of will suitably pouring water of when arid, draining rapidly while raining heavily, step (3) pruning: early March stays 1-2 bud cutting back by the developmental branch of last year and spray later, cut off and intersect the sprouting that sprouts on branch, vertical branch, withered branch, overstocked branch, very thin, water sprout and major branch etc., side shoot is carried out to cutting back, to promote flourishing with flowers and leaves, after pruning, coat callus corrosion prevention film to wound, wound healing promoting tissue growth, Perishing prevention infection process, step (4) prevention and elimination of disease and pests: Mei Diseases has gummosis, with 50 times of liquid controls of 70% thiophanate-methyl, anthracnose and shot hole, their early stage can spray 1000 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate or 600 times of liquid controls of spray zineb, common insect has malacosoma neustria, goes out and removes with 1000 times of liquid of 50% Folithion, 1000 times of spray solutions of Folithion of 50% for scale insect.
2. the cultivation method of a kind of red plum according to claim 1, the feature of its step (1) is: described tree well be 1.05 meters square, mu is planted osmanthus 55 strains of roundleaf gold.
3. the cultivation method of a kind of red plum according to claim 1, the feature of its step (2) is: it is 65 kilograms that autogamy composite organic-inorganic fertilizer is executed in described strain.
CN201310139434.5A 2013-04-22 2013-04-22 Method for cultivating red plums Pending CN104106351A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310139434.5A CN104106351A (en) 2013-04-22 2013-04-22 Method for cultivating red plums

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310139434.5A CN104106351A (en) 2013-04-22 2013-04-22 Method for cultivating red plums

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104106351A true CN104106351A (en) 2014-10-22

Family

ID=51703499

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310139434.5A Pending CN104106351A (en) 2013-04-22 2013-04-22 Method for cultivating red plums

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104106351A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284473A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting soil suitable for red plums
CN105900769A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-31 旌德县隐龙梅园生态农场 Red plum cultivation method
CN106577102A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-26 郑学成 Field planting cultivation method for dwarf early-fruit hickory seedlings in mountain and hill region

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284473A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting soil suitable for red plums
CN105900769A (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-08-31 旌德县隐龙梅园生态农场 Red plum cultivation method
CN105900769B (en) * 2016-04-18 2019-01-15 旌德县隐龙梅园生态农场 A kind of cultural method of red plum
CN106577102A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-26 郑学成 Field planting cultivation method for dwarf early-fruit hickory seedlings in mountain and hill region

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN100415077C (en) Cuttage breeding method for photinia frasery
CN101095399A (en) Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization method
Hernández et al. Cultivation systems
CN101185394A (en) High quality high-efficiency cultivation method for imperial crown watermelon
CN102835234A (en) Grape multi-resistance rootstock hard branch grafting nutrition bag seedling raising method in arid desert areas
CN104106352A (en) Cultivation method of ligustrun lucidum
CN1522561A (en) Potted loquat and its cultivation method
CN102349430A (en) Method for breeding seedlings of grapes by using containers
CN109757274B (en) High-yield and high-efficiency transplanting method for momordica grosvenori tissue culture seedlings
CN104335792A (en) Potted planting method for honeysuckle with medicinal and ornamental functions
CN104365463A (en) Soilless culture method for plum blossom bonsai
CN101015255A (en) Basin Primula bulleyana culture method in greenhouse
CN105309148A (en) Petunia hybrid planting method
CN103385075A (en) Pepper spring advanced cultivation field management method
CN104982177A (en) Violet plantation method
CN104106351A (en) Method for cultivating red plums
CN107047183A (en) A kind of longan implantation methods
CN104641838A (en) Greenhouse cultivation technique for ornamental pineapples
CN104429430A (en) Method for planting taxuschinensis tea in garden
CN104982188A (en) Planting method for petunia hybrida
CN101986824A (en) Method for cultivating bonsai Fuji apple tree
CN104488679A (en) Acerpalmatum thunbf cuttage sapling cultivation method and formula
CN103891497A (en) Method for planting pollution-free Gaoshan tea rich in selenium and zinc
CN113133374A (en) Planting method for delaying degradation of Paeonia ostii in south of Yangtze river
CN101986820A (en) Method for culturing potted fruit tree crabapple

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20141022