CN101095399A - Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization method - Google Patents

Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101095399A
CN101095399A CNA2006100453685A CN200610045368A CN101095399A CN 101095399 A CN101095399 A CN 101095399A CN A2006100453685 A CNA2006100453685 A CN A2006100453685A CN 200610045368 A CN200610045368 A CN 200610045368A CN 101095399 A CN101095399 A CN 101095399A
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soil
alpine
azalea
protogenic
seedling medium
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CN101095399B (en
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戴悦
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for cultivating original alpine cuckoo, which comprises following steps: setting brandreth with its height being one meter in green house or booth, placing permeable and ventilating plastic crate on brandreth, feeding the plastic crate with 50-70% of humus soil or sward, 20-30% of perlite and 10-20% of decomposed wood dust, taking said mixing soil as culture medium, laying planus on said mixing soil, sowing original alpine cuckoo seed on planus, watering with normal procedure. The rate of emergence is 85%, and it is suitable to be used in south part of China.

Description

A kind of method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of plant introduction, particularly relate to a kind of method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization.
Background technology
Azalea refers to that mainly cuckoo belongs to, and the whole world has kind more than 900 approximately, and China has the global kind of kind more than 650 to have more than 10,000 approximately.Azalea is of a great variety, and every year, at the end of spring and the beginning of summer bud was in full bloom, and is in different poses and with different expressions, and mountain forest beautician's title is arranged.Cuckoo is as one of world-renowned ornamental flower, when spring and summer is in full bloom, its attitude grace, pattern is gorgeous, petal is full of variety, bloom neat and also the florescence longer.Cuckoo also has certain medical value except that for viewing and admiring, and flower, leaf and root all can be used as medicine.Part is planted and is gone back edible.
Alpine rose (Rhododendron) is the big class of one in the azalea resource that enriches.Alpine rose generally is meant no squama azalea subgenus, the monkeyhead rhododendron leaf in squama azalea subgenus, the root of Egg-shaped Leaves Rhododendron subgenus is arranged, and is one of three famous big high mountain flowers.The alpine rose corolla is very large, total shape umbellate form inflorescence, and usually at 15-20 centimetre, indivedual kinds can reach more than 25 centimetres, and color is abundant, and red, yellow, purple, the various intermediate colors of bletilla are arranged, and the florescence 4 is to June; Be grown in the mountain region Schattenseite, alpine fir woods of 2500 to 4000 meters of height above sea level or border grass slope.Alpine rose is spent middle Xisi, famous beauty in the late Spring and Autumn Period because of it has huge total shape umbellate form inflorescence, gay colours, graceful colored appearance, beautiful plant type to be called as, and is the elaboration in the rare flower.Alpine rose is primary kind, major part is distributed in southwestern high mountain, alpestrine high height above sea level zone, slowly be grown in the cloud and mist of remote mountains, owing to the sterilization of thick, the outer plant of alpine rose branch with induce difficulty, the relative more high reason of production cost, make on its graft application that still rests on a small amount of wild[l, and the alpine rose initial species still fails to use on gardens so far, cause Protogenic alpine azalea can't walk out mountain, enter into the Plain, come into common people house, have only a few peoples can have the honor on high mountain, to see the elegance of Protogenic alpine azalea.Although there is the primary resource of abundant alpine rose in China, but initial species domestication and artificial breeding problem are difficult to break through always, for a long time, alpine rose can only exist as a kind of resource, do not form commercialization, spend mostly still from abroad buying and the alpine rose of selling on the present domestic market is potted plant.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of prior art, a kind of method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization is provided, it is that Protogenic alpine azalea introduction to the low height above sea level subtropical climate that is suitable for high height above sea level high mountain, the existence of inferior alpine climate, growth is tamed, make Protogenic alpine azalea become the horticultural gardening kind of suitable temperature height, the growth of height above sea level low country, reach the purpose that really allows resource become commodity.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization comprises the steps:
A., the brandreth that certain altitude is overhead arranged is set in booth or greenhouse;
B. ventilative permeable plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or bamboo tray are placed on the brandreth;
C. with humus soil or soddy soil, perlite, the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed mixes becomes the seedling medium mixed soil, and the seedling medium mixed soil is packed in plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or the bamboo tray; Wherein, the seedling medium mixed soil comprises following component and percent by volume:
Humus soil or soddy soil 50~70
Perlite 20~30
Wood chip 10~20 becomes thoroughly decomposed
D. the seedling medium mixed soil in plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or the bamboo tray is paved, in the top layer of seedling medium mixed soil layer overlay liver moss, the thickness of liver moss layer is 4~6mm;
E. the seed of Protogenic alpine azalea is evenly sowed on liver moss the cultivation management that then waters in a conventional way, shades.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention, the brandreth that certain altitude is overhead arranged in booth or greenhouse domestic demand setting, such as highly being about 1 meter, like this, just can make the seedling-cultivating tray or basket built on stilts of growing seedlings, ponding and too moist can be prevented on the one hand, the invasion and attack of soil insect can be avoided on the other hand.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention, adopt plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or bamboo tray to realize growing seedlings of Protogenic alpine azalea seed as the seedling-cultivating tray or the basket of growing seedlings, have ventilation, ventilative, permeable advantage, help seed in seedling raising process, the growth of its root system.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention, selected the component of humus soil for use as the seedling medium mixed soil, humus soil is that fallen leaves are piled up the soil structure that forms through rotting for a long time, be the good soil that is used for growing flower, because this soil is not tied plate, air capacity of soils is good, need not apply fertilizer again, neither influences environment and does not have pollution again.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention, selected the component of soddy soil for use as the seedling medium mixed soil, soddy soil is also referred to as peat soil, be to deposit naturally through all the year round to form, peat is a kind of abundant organic mineral resources of containing, the organic matter of peat, content of humic acid height, fiber content enrich, loose hole is many, ventilating permeable is good, help cushioning the fluctuation of fertilizer and acid-base value, having higher biologically active and physiological stimulation effect, is the nutrition soil of nuisanceless, no any residual, the green high-efficient of a kind of pure natural.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention, selected the component of perlite for use as the seedling medium mixed soil, perlite is a kind of acidic lava of volcanic eruption, through sharply cooling off the glassy rock that forms, because of having the pearl fissured structure, it gains the name, and perlite helps the soil transformation, can regulate soil compaction, prevent crops lodging, control fertilizer efficiency and fertile degree, and as the thinner and the carrier of insecticide and weed killer herbicide.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention has selected for use the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed as the component of seedling medium mixed soil, and the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed forms after being become thoroughly decomposed through banking up by wood chip.Wood chip has the ability of higher transporting moisture for saw cuts the left bits shape particulate matter of timber, and the wood chip light weight is loose, and voidage is big, mixes in people's compost, can change the shatter value and the water imbibition of compost.
The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention is wanted the layer overlay liver moss on the top layer of seedling medium mixed soil, and the thickness of liver moss layer is advisable with 4~6mm, and the liver moss layer is if soil layer is exposed in too thin meeting, and if the liver moss layer is the too thick growth that can influence seedling.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, because on the basis of the introduction and acclimatization base reason of fully having studied Protogenic alpine azalea, humus soil or soddy soil have been adopted, perlite, the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed mixes and is used as the seedling medium mixed soil, the constituent of seedling medium and the soil constitution composition in the former growth environment of alpine rose are close, so just advantageously eliminated and Protogenic alpine azalea has been survived to the variation of geographical position large span from weather, growth, cultivate adaptive influence, Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization is finished from high height above sea level high mountain, inferior alpine climate is to the transformation and the adaptation of low height above sea level subtropical climate; Owing to adopted plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or bamboo tray the seedling-cultivating tray or the basket of growing seedlings, thereby realized growing seedlings of Protogenic alpine azalea seed as filling seedling medium mixed soil, have ventilations, breathe freely, permeable advantage, help the growth of seed root system; In booth or greenhouse, be provided with the brandreth that is used to place seedling-cultivating tray or grows seedlings basket owing to adopted, make seedling-cultivating tray or basket built on stilts of growing seedlings has certain height, both can prevent ponding and humidity too, can avoid the invasion and attack of soil insect again; The method of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention has the advantages that facility is simple, easy to implement the method, cost is low, and through domestication experiment repeatedly, seeding ratio reaches 85%, and growth of seedling is good, can adapt to the areas to the south, the Changjiang river and extensively plant.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is described in further detail; But the method for a kind of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention is not limited to embodiment.
Embodiment one, and the method for a kind of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention comprises the steps:
Step a. is provided with the brandreth that height about 1 meter is overhead arranged in booth or greenhouse, certainly, also can be not limited to brandreth, and the shelf that can adopt other metal or nonmetallic materials to be made is such as aluminium frame, yoke, plastic processing frame etc.; The purpose that shelf is set is exactly in order to make seedling-cultivating tray or basket built on stilts of growing seedlings, and like this, can prevent ponding and too moist on the one hand, can avoid the invasion and attack of soil insect on the other hand;
Step b. is placed on ventilative permeable plastic crate on the brandreth, certainly, also can adopt vinyl disc, bamboo basket, bamboo tray etc., as long as have ventilations, breathe freely, permeable characteristics, the growth that helps root system gets final product;
Step c mixes humus soil, perlite, the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed becomes the seedling medium mixed soil, and the seedling medium mixed soil is packed in the plastic crate; Wherein, the seedling medium mixed soil comprises following component and percent by volume:
Humus soil 70
Perlite 20
Wood chip 10 becomes thoroughly decomposed
Above-mentionedly selected humus soil, perlite for use, the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed is as the component of seedling medium mixed soil, humus soil is that fallen leaves are piled up the soil structure that forms through rotting for a long time, is the good soil that is used for growing flower, because this soil is not tied plate, air capacity of soils is good, need not apply fertilizer again, neither influences environment and does not have pollution again; Perlite is a kind of acidic lava of volcanic eruption, through sharply cooling off the glassy rock that forms, because of having the pearl fissured structure, it gains the name, perlite helps the soil transformation, can regulate soil compaction, prevent crops lodging, control fertilizer efficiency and fertile degree, and as the thinner and the carrier of insecticide and weed killer herbicide; Becoming thoroughly decomposed forms after wood chip is become thoroughly decomposed through banking up by wood chip, and wood chip has the ability of higher transporting moisture for saw cuts the left bits shape particulate matter of timber, and the wood chip light weight is loose, and voidage is big, mixes in people's compost, can change the shatter value and the water imbibition of compost;
Steps d. the seedling medium mixed soil in the plastic crate is paved, and in the top layer of seedling medium mixed soil layer overlay liver moss, the thickness of liver moss layer is 4~6mm; The liver moss layer is if soil layer is exposed in too thin meeting, and if the liver moss layer is the too thick growth that can influence seedling;
Step e. evenly sows the seed of Protogenic alpine azalea on liver moss, the cultivation management that then waters in a conventional way, shades; Warm, the cool cold weather of alpine rose happiness, optimum growth temperature is 15~34 ℃, therefore will note the regulation and control of temperature in follow-up cultivation management; The environment that alpine rose happiness half is cloudy, most of kinds only need 40%~60% illumination, and sunlight direct projection meeting makes the normal metabolism of plant impaired, and blade is burnt and dried-up, thereby will carry out sheltering from heat or light of alpine rose seedling raising process; When watering, alpine rose should be watered with the water of meta-acid, and general pH value should be selected rainwater for use as far as possible between 4.5 to 6.5, and alpine rose is afraid of waterlogging fearness drought again, should the moisture abundance, and don't can ponding, simultaneously, need moistening air, can reduce the root water uptake deficiency, growing period should be often to branches and leaves and surrounding environment water spray, to improve air humidity.
Through behind the above-mentioned introduction and acclimatization, the variation of advantageously having eliminated from weather to the geographical position large span is survived, is grown, cultivates adaptive influence Protogenic alpine azalea, and Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization is finished from high height above sea level high mountain, inferior alpine climate to the transformation and the adaptation of hanging down the height above sea level subtropical climate; Through domestication experiment repeatedly, seeding ratio reaches 85%, and growth of seedling is good, can adapt to the areas to the south, the Changjiang river and extensively plant.
Embodiment two, and the method for a kind of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention is that with the difference of embodiment one the seedling medium mixed soil comprises following component and percent by volume:
Humus soil 50
Perlite 30
Wood chip 20 becomes thoroughly decomposed
Embodiment three, and the method for a kind of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention is that with the difference of embodiment one the seedling medium mixed soil comprises following component and percent by volume:
Humus soil 60
Perlite 25
Wood chip 15 becomes thoroughly decomposed
Embodiment four, and the method for a kind of Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention is that with the difference of embodiment one the seedling medium mixed soil comprises following component and percent by volume:
Soddy soil 65
Perlite 20
Wood chip 15 becomes thoroughly decomposed
Above-mentionedly selected soddy soil, perlite for use, the component of wood chip of becoming thoroughly decomposed as the seedling medium mixed soil, soddy soil is also referred to as peat soil, be to deposit naturally through all the year round to form, peat is a kind of abundant organic mineral resources of containing, the organic matter of peat, content of humic acid height, fiber content enrich, loose hole is many, ventilating permeable is good, help cushioning the fluctuation of fertilizer and acid-base value, having higher biologically active and physiological stimulation effect, is the nutrition soil of nuisanceless, no any residual, the green high-efficient of a kind of pure natural.
The foregoing description only is used for further specifying the method for Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization of the present invention; but the present invention is not limited to embodiment; every foundation technical spirit of the present invention all falls in the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did.

Claims (1)

1. the method for a Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
A., the brandreth that certain altitude is overhead arranged is set in booth or greenhouse;
B. ventilative permeable plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or bamboo tray are placed on the brandreth;
C. with humus soil or soddy soil, perlite, the wood chip that becomes thoroughly decomposed mixes becomes the seedling medium mixed soil, and the seedling medium mixed soil is packed in plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or the bamboo tray; Wherein, the seedling medium mixed soil comprises following component and percent by volume:
Humus soil or soddy soil 50~70
Perlite 20~30
Wood chip 10~20 becomes thoroughly decomposed
D. the seedling medium mixed soil in plastic crate or vinyl disc or bamboo basket or the bamboo tray is paved, in the top layer of seedling medium mixed soil layer overlay liver moss, the thickness of liver moss layer is 4~6mm;
E. the seed of Protogenic alpine azalea is evenly sowed on liver moss the cultivation management that then waters in a conventional way, shades.
CN2006100453685A 2006-06-29 2006-06-29 Protogenic alpine azalea introduction and acclimatization method Expired - Fee Related CN101095399B (en)

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Cited By (30)

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CN101822202A (en) * 2010-05-07 2010-09-08 云南远益园林工程有限公司 Culture substrate for alpine azalea
CN102090302A (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-06-15 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Soilless culture substrate for balsamine
CN103299819A (en) * 2013-07-06 2013-09-18 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所 Precise seedling growing method for alpine rhododendrons
CN103314761A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-25 中国科学院地球化学研究所 Vegetation-type ecological concrete micro-plant cultivation method
CN103621293A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-12 杭州赛石园林集团有限公司 Container transplantation and domestication method for super-big wild rhododendrons
CN103733854A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-23 杭州赛石园林集团有限公司 Wild rhododendron domestication and containerization cultivation method
CN104054429A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-24 浙江大学 Seedling culturing method of rhododendra
CN104387184A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-04 何勇 Teasel root seedling matrix
CN105432314A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-03-30 湖南农业大学 Seed sowing and seedling breeding method of azaleas
CN105850580A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-17 石家庄市神州花卉研究所有限公司 Substrate for culture of wild rhododendron delavayi seed seedlings
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CN106258748A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-04 株洲市方绿生态园林绿化有限公司 A kind of alpine rose tree transplants the cultural method on level land
CN106358913A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-02-01 柳州市绿化工程处 Method for introducing and domesticating bauhinia galpinii
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CN109169154A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-11 郑刚 A kind of wild-type azalea dedicated cultivation soil
CN109608246A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-04-12 合肥映山红环境科技有限公司 A kind of azalea method for culturing seedlings
CN109757272A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 A kind of method of azalea and trees interplanting
CN114586596A (en) * 2022-03-15 2022-06-07 贵州省植物园(贵州省园林科学研究所、贵州省植物研究所) Breeding method of unique ornamental plant rhododendron litchi seeds
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CN101822202A (en) * 2010-05-07 2010-09-08 云南远益园林工程有限公司 Culture substrate for alpine azalea
CN102090302A (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-06-15 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Soilless culture substrate for balsamine
CN103299819A (en) * 2013-07-06 2013-09-18 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所 Precise seedling growing method for alpine rhododendrons
CN103314761A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-25 中国科学院地球化学研究所 Vegetation-type ecological concrete micro-plant cultivation method
CN103621293B (en) * 2013-11-29 2015-03-25 杭州赛石园林集团有限公司 Container transplantation and domestication method for super-big wild rhododendrons
CN103621293A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-12 杭州赛石园林集团有限公司 Container transplantation and domestication method for super-big wild rhododendrons
CN103733854A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-23 杭州赛石园林集团有限公司 Wild rhododendron domestication and containerization cultivation method
CN103733854B (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-06-24 杭州赛石园林集团有限公司 Wild rhododendron domestication and containerization cultivation method
CN104054429A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-24 浙江大学 Seedling culturing method of rhododendra
CN104054429B (en) * 2014-06-26 2015-12-09 浙江大学 A kind of spring cuckoo seedling-cultivating method
CN104387184A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-04 何勇 Teasel root seedling matrix
CN105432314A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-03-30 湖南农业大学 Seed sowing and seedling breeding method of azaleas
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CN109169154A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-11 郑刚 A kind of wild-type azalea dedicated cultivation soil
CN109608246A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-04-12 合肥映山红环境科技有限公司 A kind of azalea method for culturing seedlings
CN109757272A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-17 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 A kind of method of azalea and trees interplanting
CN114586596A (en) * 2022-03-15 2022-06-07 贵州省植物园(贵州省园林科学研究所、贵州省植物研究所) Breeding method of unique ornamental plant rhododendron litchi seeds
CN114982415A (en) * 2022-05-26 2022-09-02 黑龙江省林业科学研究所 Method for improving germination rate of alpine rhododendron and seedling raising method
CN114982415B (en) * 2022-05-26 2024-03-22 黑龙江省林业科学研究所 Method for improving germination rate of alpine azalea and seedling raising method
CN115281049A (en) * 2022-08-09 2022-11-04 广州华苑园林股份有限公司 Method for breeding new variety of plumbago virgata suitable for growth in low-altitude area

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