CN107047183A - A kind of longan implantation methods - Google Patents

A kind of longan implantation methods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107047183A
CN107047183A CN201710229179.1A CN201710229179A CN107047183A CN 107047183 A CN107047183 A CN 107047183A CN 201710229179 A CN201710229179 A CN 201710229179A CN 107047183 A CN107047183 A CN 107047183A
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longan
field planting
branch
soil
meter
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CN201710229179.1A
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刘忠宁
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of longan implantation methods, it is related to forestry plantation, mainly includes forest land selection, seed selection, field planting, fertilising, the steps such as management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control of pruning.The present invention proposes the longan implantation methods of a kind of system, science; root seedling-protection can be determined well in field planting step; fertilizing time is reasonable, component is reasonable; according to longan growth period; remove the normal growth that deadwood, sick branch and shady branch both ensure that longan; can reduce nutrition deterioration again, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control can be prevented effectively from and reduce pest and disease damage to longan tree branches and leaves, flower spike, fruit protection.

Description

A kind of longan implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology field, more particularly to a kind of longan implantation methods.
Background technology
Longan, also known as longan, containing abundant glucose, sucrose and protein etc., iron-holder is also higher, can improve heat Can, it supplement the nutrients.Longan is mainly planted in the west and south to the southeast of China, is most contained with Guangdong, Fujian is taken second place, Yunnan and Guangxi South also sees wild or semi-wild in sparse woods.Longan can directly be eaten as fresh fruit, it is possible to use its jerky is steeped Wine is stewed soup.
Existing longan planting technology is more traditional, lacks science, the planting technology of system so that the quality of longan is low, produce Amount is low.
The content of the invention
Not enough for more than, present invention offer is a kind of can to improve the longan implantation methods of longan quality and yield.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
A kind of longan implantation methods, include following steps:
(One)Forest land is selected:The pH value in the soil to plant longan is 5 ~ 6.5, uses lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or band Acid, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value is adjusted to reach pH value demand;Plant the forest land of longan for the soil is porous, The drainage tailo or half tailo good with good air permeability, illumination condition;
(Two)Seed selection:Using kind is pure, coring is dense, limb is strong, bud-leaf is emerald green, the Longan Seedlings without insect pest, the dragon 0.7 ~ 0.9 meter of the eye seedling height of tree, 2 ~ 3 centimetres of trunk diameter;
(Three)Field planting:The field planting hole for being colonized Longan Seedlings is long 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, wide 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, deep 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter field planting The Longan Seedlings are positioned over the field planting by hole or a diameter of 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, deep 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter field planting hole during field planting Hole center, Longan Seedlings bottom distance field planting hole 0.3 ~ 0.4 meter of the bottom in hole, the coring of the Longan Seedlings is stained with life during field planting Root agent;The soil fully mixed by original field planting hole soil, plant ash, farm manure and calcium superphosphate, soil are filled out in field planting hole Field planting hole is filled and led up, completes and is fully watered after soil, has poured and has been colonized mulching straw on hole after water, removed straw after field planting two weeks Remove;Pour a water within every three days during fine day after field planting, watering time is early morning;
(Four)Fertilising:First time fertilising is carried out when longan field planting is latter individual month, the material that applies fertilizer is liquid dung, and every longan applies 10 ~ 15 kilograms of liquid dungs;Topdressed later when sprouting grows, the fertilizer that topdresses is liquid dung and composite fertilizer, every longan applies liquid dung 10 ~ 15 Kilogram, every longan applies 0.1 ~ 0.2 kilogram of composite fertilizer;
(Five)Prune and manage:Pruning processing is carried out to the branch of overstocked, folded branch, when longan length is to 1.2 ~ 1.5 meters, only stay 5 ~ 7 major branches;Disease fringe, shelves branch and shady branch are cut off during the flower spike phase, is trimmed after fruit picking, short fruitful branch, sick branch, deadwood and shady branch is cut off, Deadwood, sick branch and shady branch are cut off during winter;
(Six)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:When the spring, the tip took out hair, add 20% dimehypo, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid with 80% metrifonate, 800 ~ 900 times of liquid Sprayed after mixing;Sprayed before florescence with 50% farmland, 1000 ~ 1200 times of liquid of pleasure;600 ~ 800 times of 58% Ridomil MZ Golds of Xie Huahou Liquid sprays.
It is preferred that, step(Three)In field planting, the component of the root-growing agent is:10 ~ 20 parts of butyric acid potassium, polyacrylamide 300 ~ 500 parts of 3 ~ 8 parts .1 ~ 1 part of salicylic acid 0 and water.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention proposes the longan plantation of a kind of system, science Method, can determine root seedling-protection well, fertilizing time is reasonable, component is reasonable, according to longan growth period in field planting step, The normal growth that deadwood, sick branch and shady branch both ensure that longan is removed, nutrition deterioration can be reduced again, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control can have Effect avoid and reduce pest and disease damage to longan tree branches and leaves, flower spike, fruit protection.
Embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below.Obviously, described implementation Example only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is common The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the model that the present invention is protected Enclose.
Embodiment 1
The present invention provides a kind of longan implantation methods, includes following steps:
(One)Forest land is selected:To plant longan soil pH value be 5 ~ 6.5, can be used lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or It is adjusted with acid, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value to reach pH value demand;The forest land of longan is planted to dredge for soil property Pine, drainage and the good tailo of good air permeability, illumination condition or half tailo;
(Two)Seed selection:Using kind is pure, coring is dense, limb is strong, bud-leaf is emerald green, the Longan Seedlings without insect pest, the dragon 0.7 ~ 0.9 meter of the eye seedling height of tree, 2 ~ 3 centimetres of trunk diameter;
(Three)Field planting:The field planting hole for being colonized Longan Seedlings is long 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, wide 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, deep 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter field planting The Longan Seedlings are positioned over the field planting by hole or a diameter of 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, deep 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter field planting hole during field planting Hole center, Longan Seedlings bottom distance field planting hole 0.3 ~ 0.4 meter of the bottom in hole, the coring of the Longan Seedlings is stained with life during field planting Root agent, the component of root-growing agent is:10 ~ 20 parts of butyric acid potassium, 3 ~ 8 parts of polyacrylamide .1 ~ 1 part of salicylic acid 0 and water 300 ~ 500 parts;The soil fully mixed by original field planting hole soil, plant ash, farm manure and calcium superphosphate, soil are filled out in field planting hole Field planting hole is filled and led up, completes and is fully watered after soil, has poured and has been colonized mulching straw on hole after water, removed straw after field planting two weeks Remove;Pour a water within every three days during fine day after field planting, watering time is early morning;
(Four)Fertilising:First time fertilising is carried out when longan field planting is latter individual month, the material that applies fertilizer is liquid dung, and every longan applies 10 ~ 15 kilograms of liquid dungs;Topdressed later when sprouting grows, the fertilizer that topdresses is liquid dung and composite fertilizer, every longan applies liquid dung 10 ~ 15 Kilogram, every longan applies 0.1 ~ 0.2 kilogram of composite fertilizer;
(Five)Prune and manage:Pruning processing is carried out to the branch of overstocked, folded branch, when longan length is to 1.2 ~ 1.5 meters, only stay 5 ~ 7 major branches;Disease fringe, shelves branch and shady branch are cut off during the flower spike phase, is trimmed after fruit picking, short fruitful branch, sick branch, deadwood and shady branch is cut off, Deadwood, sick branch and shady branch are cut off during winter;
(Six)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:When the spring, the tip took out hair, add 20% dimehypo, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid with 80% metrifonate, 800 ~ 900 times of liquid Sprayed after mixing;Sprayed before florescence with 50% farmland, 1000 ~ 1200 times of liquid of pleasure;600 ~ 800 times of 58% Ridomil MZ Golds of Xie Huahou Liquid sprays.
The foregoing is only a specific embodiment of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, the change or replacement that can be readily occurred in, all should It is included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should using the scope of the claims as It is accurate.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of longan implantation methods, it is characterised in that include following steps:
(One)Forest land is selected:The pH value in the soil to plant longan is 5 ~ 6.5, uses lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or band Acid, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value is adjusted to reach pH value demand;Plant the forest land of longan for the soil is porous, The drainage tailo or half tailo good with good air permeability, illumination condition;
(Two)Seed selection:Using kind is pure, coring is dense, limb is strong, bud-leaf is emerald green, the Longan Seedlings without insect pest, the dragon 0.7 ~ 0.9 meter of the eye seedling height of tree, 2 ~ 3 centimetres of trunk diameter;
(Three)Field planting:The field planting hole for being colonized Longan Seedlings is long 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, wide 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, deep 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter field planting The Longan Seedlings are positioned over the field planting by hole or a diameter of 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, deep 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter field planting hole during field planting Hole center, Longan Seedlings bottom distance field planting hole 0.3 ~ 0.4 meter of the bottom in hole, the coring of the Longan Seedlings is stained with life during field planting Root agent;The soil fully mixed by original field planting hole soil, plant ash, farm manure and calcium superphosphate, soil are filled out in field planting hole Field planting hole is filled and led up, completes and is fully watered after soil, has poured and has been colonized mulching straw on hole after water, removed straw after field planting two weeks Remove;Pour a water within every three days during fine day after field planting, watering time is early morning;
(Four)Fertilising:First time fertilising is carried out when longan field planting is latter individual month, the material that applies fertilizer is liquid dung, and every longan applies 10 ~ 15 kilograms of liquid dungs;Topdressed later when sprouting grows, the fertilizer that topdresses is liquid dung and composite fertilizer, every longan applies liquid dung 10 ~ 15 Kilogram, every longan applies 0.1 ~ 0.2 kilogram of composite fertilizer;
(Five)Prune and manage:Pruning processing is carried out to the branch of overstocked, folded branch, when longan length is to 1.2 ~ 1.5 meters, only stay 5 ~ 7 major branches;Disease fringe, shelves branch and shady branch are cut off during the flower spike phase, is trimmed after fruit picking, short fruitful branch, sick branch, deadwood and shady branch is cut off, Deadwood, sick branch and shady branch are cut off during winter;
(Six)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:When the spring, the tip took out hair, add 20% dimehypo, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid with 80% metrifonate, 800 ~ 900 times of liquid Sprayed after mixing;Sprayed before florescence with 50% farmland, 1000 ~ 1200 times of liquid of pleasure;600 ~ 800 times of 58% Ridomil MZ Golds of Xie Huahou Liquid sprays.
2. longan implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(Three)In field planting, the root-growing agent Component is:300 ~ 500 parts of 10 ~ 20 parts of butyric acid potassium, 3 ~ 8 parts of polyacrylamide .1 ~ 1 part of salicylic acid 0 and water.
CN201710229179.1A 2017-04-10 2017-04-10 A kind of longan implantation methods Withdrawn CN107047183A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107371972A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 广西沙田仙人滩农业投资有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of longan
CN107637363A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-30 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of longan
CN107820984A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-03-23 四川才阁机械有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of camellia

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771351B (en) * 2012-07-26 2014-07-23 武汉沃田生态科技有限公司 Cultivation method of longan
CN104782437A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-22 广西大学 Longan cultivation method
CN105248222A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-01-20 大新县生产力促进中心 Longan planting method
CN105941062A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-09-21 李霞 Longan planting method
CN106034960A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 谭仁燕 Planting method for increasing yield of longan and improving quality of longan
CN106068979A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-09 郑慧 The implantation methods of Ipomoea batatas Lam.

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771351B (en) * 2012-07-26 2014-07-23 武汉沃田生态科技有限公司 Cultivation method of longan
CN104782437A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-22 广西大学 Longan cultivation method
CN105248222A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-01-20 大新县生产力促进中心 Longan planting method
CN105941062A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-09-21 李霞 Longan planting method
CN106068979A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-09 郑慧 The implantation methods of Ipomoea batatas Lam.
CN106034960A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-10-26 谭仁燕 Planting method for increasing yield of longan and improving quality of longan

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107371972A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 广西沙田仙人滩农业投资有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of longan
CN107637363A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-30 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of longan
CN107820984A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-03-23 四川才阁机械有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of camellia

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Application publication date: 20170818