CN104521813A - Carp aquaculture method - Google Patents

Carp aquaculture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521813A
CN104521813A CN201410739123.7A CN201410739123A CN104521813A CN 104521813 A CN104521813 A CN 104521813A CN 201410739123 A CN201410739123 A CN 201410739123A CN 104521813 A CN104521813 A CN 104521813A
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China
Prior art keywords
carp
pond
water
parts
feed
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Pending
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CN201410739123.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘长华
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201410739123.7A priority Critical patent/CN104521813A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of aquaculture, in particular to a carp aquaculture method. By means of the carp aquaculture method, the use amount of medicine and artificial feed is effectively reduced through pond and carp disinfection and a scientific feeding method, and aquatic plants are put into a pond, so that cultured carp is similar to wild carp, the flesh quality of the carp is improved, the physical conditions of people eating the carp are improved accordingly, and meanwhile, the ecological environment in the pond is protected. Furthermore, the carp is high in quality safety and free of contamination, the survival rate of the carp is increased, the spread of diseases among the crowd of the carp is avoided, and the economic benefits of farmers are ensured.

Description

The cultural method of a kind of carp
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, relate to the cultural method of a kind of carp in particular.
Technical background
Carp belongs to Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae, is of paramount importance freshwater aquiculture kind in world wide, and in China, carp is also the fish species of extensively cultivation, and its cultured output is only second to grass carp.At present, along with improving constantly of people's living standard, also increasing to the eating requirements of fish, wherein especially carp, and existing carp culture technology is mostly single cultivation, and the amount ratio of feed is more frequent, under intensive culture condition, carp ingests artifical compound feed, and growth rapidly, but its meat is compared with wild individuality simultaneously, become loose, local flavor is deteriorated, and is easy to cause water pollutions, affect environment, cause the waste of feed.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the cultural method of a kind of carp.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the cultural method of a kind of carp, comprising the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle fish pond, effective cultured area is 13-17 mu, and the depth of water is 2 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then the lake water or river of having sterilized is injected, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70 ~ 80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is the 2-3% of fish body weight, when its carp body weight reaches 1000g, stop throwing something and feeding manufactured feed, change the broad bean throwing maceration and carry out feeding;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 18-25 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is every mu of 10-15 kilogram;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
Further, the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 4-5 tails for every square metre.
Further, described feed for nursing comprises: fish meal 10 ~ 15 parts, dregs of beans 20 ~ 30 parts, peanut meal 8 ~ 13 parts, the dish dregs of rice 10 ~ 15 parts, maize germ cake 10 ~ 20 parts, 15 ~ 25 parts, secondary powder wheat bran.
Further, the broad bean of described maceration is immersion 24 hours.
The beneficial effect of employing technique scheme is: the cultural method of a kind of carp of the present invention; by sterilization and the science feeding method of fish pond and fish body; effectively reduce the consumption of medicine, artificial feed; by the input of pasture and water; make the fish cultivated more close to wild fish; the meat of fish can be improved; also in a disguised form improve the physical condition of eating fish person; protect the ecotope in fishpond simultaneously; carp quality and safety is high, pollution-free simultaneously; improve the survival rate of carp, avoid group's disease and produce, ensure that the economic benefit of raiser.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with example, technical scheme of the present invention is described, so that those skilled in the art understand.
Embodiment 1,
A cultural method for carp, comprises the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle fish pond, effective cultured area is 13 mu, and the depth of water is 2 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then inject the lake water or river of having sterilized, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is 2% of fish body weight, when its carp body weight reaches 1000g, stop throwing something and feeding manufactured feed, change the broad bean throwing maceration and carry out feeding;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 18 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is 10 kilograms every mu;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
Further, the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 4 tails for every square metre.
Further, described feed for nursing comprises: fish meal 10 parts, dregs of beans 20 parts, peanut meal 8 parts, the dish dregs of rice 10 parts, maize germ cake 10 parts, 15 parts, secondary powder wheat bran.
Further, the broad bean of described maceration is immersion 24 hours.
Embodiment 2
A cultural method for carp, comprises the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle fish pond, effective cultured area is 17 mu, and the depth of water is 2 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then inject the lake water or river of having sterilized, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is 3% of fish body weight, when its carp body weight reaches 1000g, stop throwing something and feeding manufactured feed, change the broad bean throwing maceration and carry out feeding;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 25 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is 15 kilograms every mu;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
Further, the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 5 tails for every square metre.
Further, described feed for nursing comprises: fish meal 15 parts, dregs of beans 30 parts, peanut meal 13 parts, the dish dregs of rice 15 parts, maize germ cake 20 parts, 25 parts, secondary powder wheat bran.
Further, the broad bean of described maceration is immersion 24 hours.

Claims (4)

1. a cultural method for carp, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle fish pond, effective cultured area is 13-17 mu, and the depth of water is 2 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then the lake water or river of having sterilized is injected, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70 ~ 80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is the 2-3% of fish body weight, when its carp body weight reaches 1000g, stop throwing something and feeding manufactured feed, change the broad bean throwing maceration and carry out feeding;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 18-25 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is every mu of 10-15 kilogram;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
2. the cultural method of a kind of carp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 4-5 tails for every square metre.
3. the cultural method of a kind of carp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feed for nursing comprises: fish meal 10 ~ 15 parts, dregs of beans 20 ~ 30 parts, peanut meal 8 ~ 13 parts, the dish dregs of rice 10 ~ 15 parts, maize germ cake 10 ~ 20 parts, 15 ~ 25 parts, secondary powder wheat bran.
4. the cultural method of a kind of carp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the broad bean of described maceration is immersion 24 hours.
CN201410739123.7A 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 Carp aquaculture method Pending CN104521813A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410739123.7A CN104521813A (en) 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 Carp aquaculture method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938391A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-30 柳州市鑫鳌水产养殖专业合作社 Carp culture method
CN105360035A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-02 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 Ornamental carp breeding method
CN105379656A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-09 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Carp breeding method
CN105393951A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-03-16 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Carp breeding method
CN105454659A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-06 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Carp pond culture method by use of Chinese herbal medicine
CN105815239A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-08-03 重庆市合川区吴长春水产养殖场 Breeding method of crucian carps
CN105941217A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-21 通威股份有限公司 Carp high density culture method
CN106614144A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-10 万仕军 Fish farming method in square fishpond
CN106719147A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-31 五河县茂源水蛭生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of carp summer flower
CN107279589A (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-10-24 林志聪 Strengthen feed, feed making method and the fish breeding method of fish meat
CN111789052A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-20 祁东农交汇食品有限公司 Method for feeding freshwater fish fries

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CN102893937A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-01-30 中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所 Efficient carp farming method by using free-of-water changing pond
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CN103621432A (en) * 2012-08-21 2014-03-12 新沂市佳成生态养殖有限公司 Method for culturing red carps
CN103975871A (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-08-13 金凤 Crucian carp breeding method

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CN103098990A (en) * 2011-11-10 2013-05-15 南通威好饲料科技有限公司 Feed for carp
CN103621432A (en) * 2012-08-21 2014-03-12 新沂市佳成生态养殖有限公司 Method for culturing red carps
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938391A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-30 柳州市鑫鳌水产养殖专业合作社 Carp culture method
CN105393951A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-03-16 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Carp breeding method
CN105454659A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-06 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Carp pond culture method by use of Chinese herbal medicine
CN105379656A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-09 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Carp breeding method
CN105360035A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-02 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 Ornamental carp breeding method
CN105360035B (en) * 2015-12-03 2018-03-30 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 The mating system of fancy carp
CN105815239A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-08-03 重庆市合川区吴长春水产养殖场 Breeding method of crucian carps
CN107279589A (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-10-24 林志聪 Strengthen feed, feed making method and the fish breeding method of fish meat
CN105941217A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-21 通威股份有限公司 Carp high density culture method
CN106719147A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-31 五河县茂源水蛭生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of carp summer flower
CN106614144A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-10 万仕军 Fish farming method in square fishpond
CN111789052A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-20 祁东农交汇食品有限公司 Method for feeding freshwater fish fries

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Application publication date: 20150422