CN104604759A - Grass carp culturing method - Google Patents

Grass carp culturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104604759A
CN104604759A CN201410700489.3A CN201410700489A CN104604759A CN 104604759 A CN104604759 A CN 104604759A CN 201410700489 A CN201410700489 A CN 201410700489A CN 104604759 A CN104604759 A CN 104604759A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
water
breed
feeding
grass carp
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410700489.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁贺
王慧
朱建
李广军
尚峻峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAIHE LONGTAN FISHING CULTIVATION Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TAIHE LONGTAN FISHING CULTIVATION Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TAIHE LONGTAN FISHING CULTIVATION Co Ltd filed Critical TAIHE LONGTAN FISHING CULTIVATION Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410700489.3A priority Critical patent/CN104604759A/en
Publication of CN104604759A publication Critical patent/CN104604759A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of aquaculture, and specifically relates to a grass carp culturing technology. According to the invention, water temperature and stocking time are controlled, such that fish fry survival rate can be improved. Different fishes are stocked at a same time, such that the pond and the water surface can be kept clean. Spotted silver carp helps in removing suspended matters, yellow-head catfish helps in reducing parasitic disease occurrence, and crucian helps in cleaning the river bottom. Therefore, grass carp quality safety is high, and farmer economic benefit is ensured.

Description

The cultural method of a kind of grass carp
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, relate to the cultural method of a kind of grass carp in particular.
Technical background
Grass carp generally like perch in the waters such as rivers, lake, lower floor and offshore many pasture and water region.Tool river lake migration habit, sexual maturity individuality is laid eggs in rivers flowing water, parent population after laying eggs and juvenile fish enter in tributary and lake, Tongjiang, usually ingest fatten at the meadow, shoal do not had by water logging and flashing region and the attached water body of Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches stream (pasture and water such as lake, river, gat grow thickly area).Winter then survives the winter at the deep water place in master stream or lake.Grass carp disposition is active, and swimming rapidly, often hunts in packs, and property is voracious, is typical herbivorous fishes.Its fry stage ingests zooplankton, and young stage is held concurrently food insect, earthworm, algae and duckweed etc., and when body is about and reaches more than 10 centimetres, Aquatic Higher Plants of ingesting completely is wherein many with gramineous plants especially.The floristics of Feeding in Grass Carp changes to some extent along with the situation on food basis in living environment.Grass carp has the advantages such as strong adaptability, growth is fast, individual greatly, feeding habits are wide, disease is few, meat flavour is delicious, and being suitable for pond, reservoir, Cultured In The Lake Pen, is a kind of economic benefit and social benefit breed variety all preferably.In existing cultural technique, only feeding a kind of fish in pond, like this after nursing, causing serious pollution for making the water in pond.Put yellow cartfish in a suitable place to breed and can prevent and treat parasite fish disease.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the cultural method of a kind of grass carp.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the cultural method of a kind of grass carp, comprising the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle culture pond, area is 5-7 mu, and the depth of water is 1.5-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.3 rice, and plants a large amount of pasture and water in culture pond, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 2 kilowatts;
(2) put front equipment in a suitable place to breed: winter drains Chi Shui, freeze solarization more than 20 days, every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, 2 days after sterilization, injects the lake water of having sterilized or river, and will breed fish fry and put into salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) put in a suitable place to breed: first grass carp is put into culture pond, carry out a point pond after 450-480 days, then at the beginning of the 4-7 month, the fry of maturation is put into culturing pool, every mu of culturing pool puts 400 tail grass carps in a suitable place to breed, 100 decorative pattern at the end of a poem, article, etc. where there is a small blank space silver carps, 100 tail silver carps, 50 tail yellow cartfishs, and 50-80 is crucian.
(3) feedstuff feeding: based on micro-granulated feed of throwing something and feeding, every day throws something and feeds once at upper 8 with at 5 in evening, pellet feeding volume is controlled in summer, it is 1.5% that day throws the rate of raising, pellet protein content is 28%, strengthen green fodder feeding volume, prevent disease, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 20-28 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is every mu of 10-15 kilogram.
The beneficial effect of employing technique scheme is: a kind of grass carp cultural technique of the present invention, by to water temperature and control and time of putting in a suitable place to breed, the survival rate of fingerling can be improved, put different fishes in a suitable place to breed, can reach the left and right variegated carp of keeping a public place clean to pond and the water surface can remove suspended solid, and yellow cartfish can eat up a large amount of epizoon simultaneously, greatly reduce the generation of parasitosis, crucian at the bottom of Qinghe, can make grass carp quality and safety high, ensure that the economic benefit of raiser like this.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A cultural method for grass carp, comprises the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle culture pond, area is 5 mu, and the depth of water is 1.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, and plants a large amount of pasture and water in culture pond, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 2 kilowatts;
(2) put front equipment in a suitable place to breed: winter drains Chi Shui, freeze solarization more than 20 days, every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, 2 days after sterilization, injects the lake water of having sterilized or river, and will breed fish fry and put into salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) put in a suitable place to breed: first grass carp is put into culture pond, carry out a point pond after 450 days, then at the beginning of the 4-7 month, the fry of maturation is put into culturing pool, every mu of culturing pool puts 400 tail grass carps in a suitable place to breed, 100 decorative pattern at the end of a poem, article, etc. where there is a small blank space silver carps, and 50 tails are yellow cartfish, 100 tail silver carps, and 50-80 is crucian.
(3) feedstuff feeding: based on micro-granulated feed of throwing something and feeding, every day throws something and feeds once at upper 8 with at 5 in evening, pellet feeding volume is controlled in summer, it is 1.5% that day throws the rate of raising, pellet protein content is 28%, strengthen green fodder feeding volume, prevent disease, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 20 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is 10 kilograms every mu.
Embodiment 2
A cultural method for grass carp, comprises the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle culture pond, area is 7 mu, and the depth of water is 2 meters, and silt depth is 0.3 meter, and plants a large amount of pasture and water in culture pond, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 2 kilowatts;
(2) put front equipment in a suitable place to breed: winter drains Chi Shui, freeze solarization more than 20 days, every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, 2 days after sterilization, injects the lake water of having sterilized or river, and will breed fish fry and put into salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) put in a suitable place to breed: first grass carp is put into culture pond, carry out a point pond after 480 days, then at the beginning of the 4-7 month, the fry of maturation is put into culturing pool, every mu of culturing pool puts 400 tail grass carps in a suitable place to breed, 100 decorative pattern at the end of a poem, article, etc. where there is a small blank space silver carps, 100 tail silver carps, and 50 tails are yellow cartfish, and 80 tails are crucian.
(3) feedstuff feeding: based on micro-granulated feed of throwing something and feeding, every day throws something and feeds once at upper 8 with at 5 in evening, pellet feeding volume is controlled in summer, it is 1.5% that day throws the rate of raising, pellet protein content is 28%, strengthen green fodder feeding volume, prevent disease, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 28 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is 15 kilograms every mu.

Claims (1)

1. a cultural method for grass carp, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build rectangle culture pond, area is 5-7 mu, and the depth of water is 1.5-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.3 rice, and plants a large amount of pasture and water in culture pond, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 2 kilowatts;
(2) put front equipment in a suitable place to breed: winter drains Chi Shui, freeze solarization more than 20 days, every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, 2 days after sterilization, injects the lake water of having sterilized or river, and will breed fish fry and put into salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) put in a suitable place to breed: first grass carp is put into culture pond, carry out a point pond after 450-480 days, then at the beginning of the 4-7 month, the fry of maturation is put into culturing pool, every mu of culturing pool puts 400 tail grass carps in a suitable place to breed, 100 decorative pattern at the end of a poem, article, etc. where there is a small blank space silver carps, 100 tail silver carps, 50 tail yellow cartfishs, and 50-80 is crucian;
(4) feedstuff feeding: based on micro-granulated feed of throwing something and feeding, every day throws something and feeds once at upper 8 with at 5 in evening, pellet feeding volume is controlled in summer, it is 1.5% that day throws the rate of raising, pellet protein content is 28%, strengthen green fodder feeding volume, prevent disease, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time;
(5) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensures that water temperature is at 20-28 DEG C, and each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is every mu of 10-15 kilogram.
CN201410700489.3A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Grass carp culturing method Pending CN104604759A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104268A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-02 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Freshwater fish culture method
CN105230540A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 High-yield culture method for grass carps
CN105265358A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-27 滁州市南谯区长江水产良种繁育场 Grass carp pond recirculating water breeding method
CN105325342A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 滁州市南谯区长江水产良种繁育场 Method for managing ecological cultivation of wild grass carp
CN105613367A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-01 贵州锦润水产品有限责任公司 Factory-like zander fingerling cultivation method
CN105900875A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-31 固镇县益民养殖专业合作社 Grass carp culture technology
CN106106300A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-11-16 滁州市南谯区长江水产良种繁育场 A kind of method of Carassius auratus ecologic breeding
CN106212340A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-12-14 蒋丽红 A kind of segmentation cultural method of ecological Ctenopharyngodon idellus
CN106305517A (en) * 2016-08-20 2017-01-11 余敏敏 Culture method capable of reducing red skin disease and green liver disease of grass carps
CN107135994A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-09-08 靖西市秀美边城农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of anti-grass carp bacterial enteritis disease
CN107155958A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-09-15 陆川县恒伟养殖专业合作社 A kind of high-yield cultivation method of fish
CN107743899A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-03-02 遵义康翠莲养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method of grass carp
CN108812446A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-11-16 舒城县万佛湖渔业总公司 A kind of cultural method of grass carp

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103621434A (en) * 2012-08-21 2014-03-12 新沂市佳成生态养殖有限公司 Method for breeding grass carps
CN103766252A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-05-07 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 High-yield pollution-free breeding method of freshwater fish
CN103782932A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-05-14 哈尔滨派腾农业科技有限公司 Grass carp culturing method

Patent Citations (3)

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CN103621434A (en) * 2012-08-21 2014-03-12 新沂市佳成生态养殖有限公司 Method for breeding grass carps
CN103782932A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-05-14 哈尔滨派腾农业科技有限公司 Grass carp culturing method
CN103766252A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-05-07 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 High-yield pollution-free breeding method of freshwater fish

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105104268A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-02 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Freshwater fish culture method
CN105230540A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 High-yield culture method for grass carps
CN105265358A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-27 滁州市南谯区长江水产良种繁育场 Grass carp pond recirculating water breeding method
CN105325342A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 滁州市南谯区长江水产良种繁育场 Method for managing ecological cultivation of wild grass carp
CN105613367A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-06-01 贵州锦润水产品有限责任公司 Factory-like zander fingerling cultivation method
CN105900875A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-31 固镇县益民养殖专业合作社 Grass carp culture technology
CN106106300A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-11-16 滁州市南谯区长江水产良种繁育场 A kind of method of Carassius auratus ecologic breeding
CN106305517A (en) * 2016-08-20 2017-01-11 余敏敏 Culture method capable of reducing red skin disease and green liver disease of grass carps
CN106212340A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-12-14 蒋丽红 A kind of segmentation cultural method of ecological Ctenopharyngodon idellus
CN107155958A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-09-15 陆川县恒伟养殖专业合作社 A kind of high-yield cultivation method of fish
CN107135994A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-09-08 靖西市秀美边城农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of anti-grass carp bacterial enteritis disease
CN107743899A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-03-02 遵义康翠莲养殖有限公司 A kind of cultural method of grass carp
CN108812446A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-11-16 舒城县万佛湖渔业总公司 A kind of cultural method of grass carp

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Inventor after: Liang He

Inventor after: Wang Hui

Inventor after: Zhu Jian

Inventor after: Li Guangjun

Inventor after: Shang Junfeng

Inventor after: Li Yunjing

Inventor after: Yuan Chao

Inventor before: Liang He

Inventor before: Wang Hui

Inventor before: Zhu Jian

Inventor before: Li Guangjun

Inventor before: Shang Junfeng

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Application publication date: 20150513