CN101971783B - Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot - Google Patents

Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101971783B
CN101971783B CN201010550283A CN201010550283A CN101971783B CN 101971783 B CN101971783 B CN 101971783B CN 201010550283 A CN201010550283 A CN 201010550283A CN 201010550283 A CN201010550283 A CN 201010550283A CN 101971783 B CN101971783 B CN 101971783B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lawver
pond
water
burbot
culture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201010550283A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101971783A (en
Inventor
肖国华
赵振良
高晓田
蒋燕
陈力
赵海涛
韩晓莲
杨香菊
陈秀玲
裴恩杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hebei Provincial Aquatic Products Research Institute
Original Assignee
Hebei Provincial Aquatic Products Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hebei Provincial Aquatic Products Research Institute filed Critical Hebei Provincial Aquatic Products Research Institute
Priority to CN201010550283A priority Critical patent/CN101971783B/en
Publication of CN101971783A publication Critical patent/CN101971783A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101971783B publication Critical patent/CN101971783B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot, comprising the following steps: (1) designing a culture pond with unimpeded water circulation; (2) processing culture water to be fresh and clean; (3) adjusting and maintaining water temperature within the range of 10-20 DEG C; (4) reforming culture environment, arranging a place for the burbot to perch in dark place; (5) timely adjusting the stocking density of the burbot according to body length of the burbot; and (6) feeding live fish bait according to 10% of the weight of burbot or artificial bait according to 1-3% of the weight of the burbot. The burbot cultured by using the culture technology of the invention grows fast, and has strong vigor, vigorous ingestion, less disease and higher survival rate.

Description

Lawver total man worker ecological simulation cultural technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lawver total man worker ecological simulation cultural technique.
Background technology
Lawver is the unique fresh water kind of rockling, also is the rockling that contains cod-liver oil in the freshwater fish in unique liver, is the peculiar fish of China, the liver delicious flavour, and its nutrition and economic worth are all very high, and it originates in basin, Xinjiang of China Eerqisihe River.In recent years because taking place frequently of overfishing and natural calamity makes that these species are endangered.Province such as Guangdong, Heilungkiang once had and carried out the lawver breed on a small quantity, cultured successful report but have.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of lawver total man worker ecological simulation cultural technique that the lawver growth is fast, energetic, ingest vigorous, that disease is few, survival rate is higher that makes.
Particularly, method of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
(1) cultures the pond design
Culture the pond for guaranteeing the unimpeded cement pit of water circulation;
(2) water treatment
Before breeding water is gone into the pond,, impurity in the water is fully precipitated and harmful substance is decomposed earlier through the abundant aeration of sedimentation basin, deposition, if water quality still muddiness also need husky filter make water quality limpid, annual flowing water is cultured;
(3) water temperature is regulated
Extract the water layer and the adjusting of different depth through Various Seasonal and go into means adjusting lawver culturing pool temperature such as pond current, it is maintained in 10 ~ 20 ℃ of scopes;
(4) breeding environment transformation
Build several sunshades with masonry and asbestos shingle at the bottom of culturing the pond, a few enrockment heads of underneath, and the lighttight extra heavy pipe of some heavy property of placement supplies lawver lucifuge on daytime to perch at the bottom of the pond;
(5) regulate cultivation density
According to the cultivation density of the long timely adjustment lawver of lawver body, lawver body relation long and cultivation density is as shown in the table:
According to the cultivation density of the long timely adjustment lawver of lawver body, lawver body relation long and cultivation density is following:
When lawver body length was 5 ~ 10 cm, cultivation density was 200 ~ 300 tails/m 2
When lawver body length was 10 ~ 20 cm, cultivation density was 100 ~ 150 tails/m 2
When lawver body length was 20 ~ 30 cm, cultivation density was 80 ~ 100 tails/m 2
When lawver body length was 30 ~ 40 cm, cultivation density was 1 ~ 20 tail/m 2
(6) bait feeding
Bait during the adult fish culture comprises the wild fishes of the carp, crucian carp, silver carp, flathead and some fishing in reservoir that are fit to bore; Live fish is thrown something and fed; Each feeding volume for culture that lawver weighs sb. 10 ~ 15%; In culturing the pond forage fiss amount be less than culture the lawver body weight 3% the time replenish the live fish of throwing something and feeding, the situation of ingesting of observing fish night every day is in time regulated the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.
Lawver is can the ingest freezing flesh of fish or artitificial food after domestication, throws something and feeds twice every day, and at dusk once, feeding volume is for culturing 2 ~ 3% of lawver body weight, and midnight, once feeding volume was for culturing 1 ~ 2% of lawver body weight; Observe the situation of ingesting of fish night every day, in time regulate the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.
The beneficial effect that the present invention obtains is: when adopting lawver total man worker ecological simulation cultural technique of the present invention to carry out the lawver breed, the lawver growth is fast, and energetic, it is vigorous to ingest, and disease is few, and survival rate is higher.Introduce lawver newly hatched larvae 1,000,000 tails from Xinjiang in by the end of February, 2009 at the beginning of 3 months, lawver newly hatched larvae 400,000 tails of artificial incubation amount to 1,400,000 tails, cultivate 3 months to the long 5cm of body, the cultivation of employing total man worker ecological simulation cultural technique.To in June, 2010, obtain 50 ~ 200 g lawvers, 100,000 tails, average survival 7.1% altogether through 12 months cultivations.In early March, 2010 hatches lawver newly hatched larvae 2,400,000 tails, behind the long 5cm of body, adopts total man worker's ecological simulation cultural technique to cultivate, and in September, 2010, obtains juvenile fish 310,000 tails about 10 cm altogether, and average survival reaches 12.9 %.
Embodiment
Following examples are used to explain the present invention, but not as to qualification of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Present embodiment is taked following steps:
(1) cultures the pond design
The breed pond is a cement pit, dark 1 m in pond, and water circulation is unimpeded;
(2) water treatment
Before breeding water is gone into the pond,, impurity in the water is fully precipitated and harmful substance is decomposed earlier through the abundant aeration of sedimentation basin, deposition, if water quality still muddiness also need husky filter make water quality limpid, annual flowing water is cultured;
(3) water temperature is regulated
Extract the water layer and the adjusting of different depth through Various Seasonal and go into means adjusting lawver culturing pool temperature such as pond current, it is maintained in 10 ~ 20 ℃ of scopes;
(4) breeding environment transformation
According to the habit that lawver lucifuge on daytime comes out to look for food night, at the bottom of culturing the pond, build several sunshades with masonry and asbestos shingle, a few enrockment heads of underneath, and the lighttight extra heavy pipe confession of some heavy property of placement lawver lucifuge on daytime is perched at the bottom of the pond;
(5) regulate cultivation density
With 400,000 urosome length is that the lawver of 5 ~ 10 cm is put into and cultures the pond and culture, and initial cultivation density is 250 tails/m 2, in time adjust cultivation density according to the variation that the lawver body is long;
(6) bait feeding
Throw something and feed during lawver the is cultured freezing flesh of fish and artitificial food throw something and feed twice every day, and at dusk once, feeding volume is for culturing 2% of lawver body weight, and midnight, once feeding volume was for culturing 2% of lawver body weight; Observe the situation of ingesting of fish night every day, in time regulate the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.Through 12 months breed, obtain lawver 2.5 ten thousand tails altogether, average survival 6.3%.
Embodiment 2
Present embodiment is taked following steps:
(1) cultures the pond design
The breed pond is a cement pit, dark 1.3 m in pond, and water circulation is unimpeded;
(2) water treatment
Before breeding water is gone into the pond,, impurity in the water is fully precipitated and harmful substance is decomposed earlier through the abundant aeration of sedimentation basin, deposition, if water quality still muddiness also need husky filter make water quality limpid, annual flowing water is cultured;
(3) water temperature is regulated
Extract the water layer and the adjusting of different depth through Various Seasonal and go into means adjusting lawver culturing pool temperature such as pond current, it is maintained in 10 ~ 20 ℃ of scopes;
(4) breeding environment transformation
According to the habit that lawver lucifuge on daytime comes out to look for food night, at the bottom of culturing the pond, build several sunshades with masonry and asbestos shingle, a few enrockment heads of underneath, and the lighttight extra heavy pipe confession of some heavy property of placement lawver lucifuge on daytime is perched at the bottom of the pond;
(5) regulate cultivation density
1,400,000 tail lawver newly hatched larvaes are cultivated 3 months to long 5 cm of body, put into and culture the pond, adopt total man worker's ecological simulation cultural technique to culture, initial cultivation density is 300 tails/m 2, in time adjust cultivation density according to the variation that the lawver body is long;
(6) bait feeding
Mainly throw something and feed during lawver the is cultured wild fishes of the carp, crucian carp, silver carp, flathead and some fishing in reservoir that are fit to bore, live fish is thrown something and fed, feeding volume is for culturing 10% of lawver body weight, in culturing the pond forage fiss amount be less than culture the lawver body weight 3% the time replenish the live fish of throwing something and feeding.Observe the situation of ingesting of fish night every day, in time regulate the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.Through 12 months breed, obtain lawver 100,000 tails of body weight 50 ~ 100 g altogether, average survival 7.1%.
Embodiment 3
Present embodiment is taked following steps:
(1) cultures the pond design
The breed pond is a cement pit, dark 1.2 m in pond, and water circulation is unimpeded;
(2) water treatment
Before breeding water is gone into the pond,, impurity in the water is fully precipitated and harmful substance is decomposed earlier through the abundant aeration of sedimentation basin, deposition, if water quality still muddiness also need husky filter make water quality limpid, annual flowing water is cultured;
(3) water temperature is regulated
Extract the water layer and the adjusting of different depth through Various Seasonal and go into means adjusting lawver culturing pool temperature such as pond current, it is maintained in 10 ~ 20 ℃ of scopes;
(4) breeding environment transformation
According to the habit that lawver lucifuge on daytime comes out to look for food night, at the bottom of culturing the pond, build several sunshades with masonry and asbestos shingle, a few enrockment heads of underneath, and the lighttight extra heavy pipe confession of some heavy property of placement lawver lucifuge on daytime is perched at the bottom of the pond;
(5) regulate cultivation density
2,400,000 tail lawver newly hatched larvaes are cultivated 3 months to long 5 cm of body, put into and culture the pond, adopt total man worker's ecological simulation cultural technique to culture, initial cultivation density is 200 tails/m 2, in time adjust cultivation density according to the variation that the lawver body is long;
(6) bait feeding
Mainly throw something and feed during lawver the is cultured wild fishes of the carp, crucian carp, silver carp, flathead and some fishing in reservoir that are fit to bore, live fish is thrown something and fed, feeding volume is for culturing 15% of lawver body weight, in culturing the pond forage fiss amount be less than culture the lawver body weight 3% the time replenish the live fish of throwing something and feeding.Observe the situation of ingesting of fish night every day, in time regulate the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.Through 6 months breed, obtain lawver 310,000 tails about long 10 cm of body altogether, average survival 12.9 %.

Claims (2)

1. lawver total man worker ecological simulation cultural method is characterized in that it may further comprise the steps:
(1) cultures the pond design
Culture the pond for can guarantee the cement pit that water circulation is unimpeded;
(2) water treatment
Before breeding water is gone into the pond,, impurity in the water is fully precipitated and harmful substance is decomposed earlier through the abundant aeration of sedimentation basin, deposition, if water quality still muddiness also need husky filter make water quality limpid, annual flowing water is cultured;
(3) water temperature is regulated
Extract the water layer of different depth and regulate pond current means adjusting lawver culturing pool temperature through Various Seasonal, it is maintained in 10 ~ 20 ℃ of scopes;
(4) breeding environment transformation
Build several sunshade positions with masonry and asbestos shingle at the bottom of culturing the pond, stack the part cobble below, and the extra heavy pipe of the light tight inner wall smooth of some heavy property of placement supplies lawver lucifuge on daytime to perch at the bottom of the pond;
(5) regulate cultivation density
According to the cultivation density of the long timely adjustment lawver of lawver body, lawver body relation long and cultivation density is following:
When 5cm≤lawver body length≤10cm, cultivation density is 200-300 tail/m 2
When 10cm<lawver body length≤20cm, cultivation density is 100-150 tail/m 2
During 20cm<lawver body length≤30cm, cultivation density is 80-100 tail/m 2
During 30cm<lawver body length≤40cm, cultivation density is 1-20 tail/m 2
(6) bait feeding
Bait during the adult fish culture comprises the wild fishes of the carp, crucian carp, silver carp, flathead and some fishing in reservoir that are fit to bore; Live fish is thrown something and fed; Each feeding volume for culture that lawver weighs sb. 10 ~ 15%, in culturing the pond forage fiss amount be less than culture the lawver body weight 3% the time replenish the live fish of throwing something and feeding; Observe the situation of ingesting of fish night every day, in time regulate the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.
2. a kind of lawver total man worker ecological simulation cultural method according to claim 1; It is characterized in that lawver the ingest freezing flesh of fish or artitificial food after domestication; Throw something and feed twice every day, at dusk once, feeding volume is for culturing 2 ~ 3% of lawver body weight; Midnight, once feeding volume was for culturing 1 ~ 2% of lawver body weight; Observe the situation of ingesting of fish night every day, in time regulate the bait that feeding volume and change are fit to bore.
CN201010550283A 2010-11-19 2010-11-19 Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot Expired - Fee Related CN101971783B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010550283A CN101971783B (en) 2010-11-19 2010-11-19 Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010550283A CN101971783B (en) 2010-11-19 2010-11-19 Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101971783A CN101971783A (en) 2011-02-16
CN101971783B true CN101971783B (en) 2012-10-03

Family

ID=43571719

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201010550283A Expired - Fee Related CN101971783B (en) 2010-11-19 2010-11-19 Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101971783B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103229733B (en) * 2013-04-07 2015-03-25 北京市水产技术推广站 Method for taming and breeding burbot fry by using artificial mixed feed
CN104067973B (en) * 2014-07-21 2016-01-20 山东省海洋生物研究院 The extensive offspring seed cultivation method of Huanghai Sea lodwife
CN104885979B (en) * 2015-06-02 2018-04-17 大连海洋大学 Artificial seed's breeding method of Pacific Ocean gadus
CN114365708B (en) * 2021-12-02 2023-03-14 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Full-artificial environment feeding method for Changjiang river finless porpoise

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101253851A (en) * 2008-01-28 2008-09-03 张有 Breeding method of six palps catfish water bloom fish fry and summer fry

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101253851A (en) * 2008-01-28 2008-09-03 张有 Breeding method of six palps catfish water bloom fish fry and summer fry

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
殷建国等.江鳕人工繁育技术研究.《中国水产》.2008,(第04期),43-45. *
盖力强等.不同开口饵料对江鳕仔鱼生长及存活率的影响.《河北渔业》.2008,(第8期),7-9,28. *
蒋燕等.江鳕苗种培育技术.《中国水产》.2007,(第10期),43-45. *
陈永乐等.澳洲淡水鳕鱼及其人工繁殖.《淡水渔业》.1999,第29卷(第7期),6-7. *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101971783A (en) 2011-02-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104604759A (en) Grass carp culturing method
CN104855318A (en) Method for culturing crayfishes
CN101675729B (en) Method for cultivating and artificial breeding plateau saline-alkali water area northern pike
CN104396809A (en) Grass carp culturing method
CN102379254A (en) Controllable synchronous brooding breeding method of cherax quadricarinatus
CN103493765A (en) Cultivation method for crabs
CN104304103B (en) A kind of doing sth. in advance breeds, cultivates big specification lip * offspring breeding method
CN105994072B (en) A kind of cultural method of Sungkiang weever artifical compound feed
CN104509462A (en) Novel method for culturing escargots
CN112042567A (en) All-season cultivation method for parent fish of marine fishes
CN104872026A (en) Method of prawn and Sillago sihama polyculture in higher-place pond
CN101971783B (en) Full artificial ecological simulation breeding technology of burbot
CN113557998B (en) Ecological breeding method for high-quality shrimps
CN102369889A (en) Snakehead fish cultivation method
CN101622974B (en) Soilless Nereid larva breeding method
CN101889560A (en) Method for breeding gift tilapia fries with high male ratio through temperature induction
CN104663527A (en) Novel method for cultivating escargots
CN101743915B (en) Cultivation method for enhancing physique of weak young Chinese sturgeon
CN112568159A (en) Disease prevention and control method for organic shrimp culture
CN112616739A (en) Method for effectively preventing and treating taura syndrome in salt pan shrimp culture
CN102308769B (en) Exopalaemon modestus fry culturing method through combining net cage with aquarium
KR101184458B1 (en) A raising system for raise lugworm seed
CN105961249A (en) Mullet breeding process and breeding feed
CN114271225A (en) Method for effectively preventing and treating white spot syndrome in salt pan shrimp culture
CN102273419B (en) Method for cultivating Spanish mackerel

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121003

Termination date: 20151119

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model