CN104521808A - Catfish culturing method - Google Patents

Catfish culturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521808A
CN104521808A CN201410702128.2A CN201410702128A CN104521808A CN 104521808 A CN104521808 A CN 104521808A CN 201410702128 A CN201410702128 A CN 201410702128A CN 104521808 A CN104521808 A CN 104521808A
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China
Prior art keywords
catfish
water
pond
feed
fish
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Pending
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CN201410702128.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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侯冬艳
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侯冬艳
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Priority to CN201410702128.2A priority Critical patent/CN104521808A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of aquaculture, and specifically relates to a catfish culturing method. According to the invention, through fish pond and fish body sterilization and a scientific feeding method, doses of drugs and artificial feeds are effectively reduced, and the catfish has the advantages of rich nutrients, tender meat, and rich proteins and fat. Also, catfish quality safety is high, and the catfish is pollution-free. With the method, catfish survival rate is improved, group disease occurrence is avoided, and farmer economic benefit is ensured.

Description

The cultural method of a kind of catfish
Technical field
The present invention and aquaculture field, relate to the cultural method of a kind of catfish in particular.
Technical background
Catfish mainly lives in the middle lower floor of rivers, lake, reservoir, swag, and how movable in littoral area, under being hidden in thick grass, stone daytime or at the bottom of deep water, night, foraging activity was frequent more.Occupy in deep water or mud after autumn and survive the winter, degree of ingesting also weakens.Predacious fish, prey mostly is small fishes, as meal bar, crucian, Acenthogobius flavimanus, pseudorasbora parva, carp, loach etc., also eats shrimps and aquatic insect.To eat, the effect of tooth mainly prevents food from escaping.Catfish is bottom ferociousness fish.Keep in dark place, like living in soil cave bottom the stone gap of rivers offshore, dell, tree root or pit hole.In the hydrostatic of reservoir, lake, mill weir, lie prostrate the bottom in darkness more.Spring comes into play, look for food.Do not eat after entering the winter, hide profundal zone or in pass the winter, if what does not have go to invade, it does not generally move about.Catfish eye is little, and eyesight is weak, hides by day and comes out at night, and entirely with two pairs of antenna huntings, very voracious, weather is warmmer, and appetite is larger, cloudy day and nocturnalism frequent.Catfish is nutritious, moisture content 64.1 grams, 14.4 grams, protein in every 100 grams of flesh of fish, and containing several mineral materials and trace element, is particularly suitable for weak deficient, malnutritive people and eats.Catfish not only as other fishes containing abundant nutrition, and fine and tender taste, the protein contained and fat more, have good dietary function to weak deficient, malnutritive people.Catfish is the good merchantable brand of lactagogue, and has the effect of nourishing yin and nourishing blood, bowl spares gas, appetizing, diuresis, is the essential food of women's dietotherapy in postpartum nourishing.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the cultural method of a kind of catfish.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the cultural method of a kind of catfish, comprising the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build place that is smooth in selection of land gesture, that have abundant water resources, effective cultured area is 5-8 mu, and pond is 2 meters deeply, the depth of water is 1.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then the lake water or river of having sterilized is injected, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70-80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is the 2-3% of fish body weight, regular disinfectant full pool spilling head, treatment can be mixed in feed with medicines such as Li Teling and be done pharmaceutical chemistry;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensure that the transparency of Chi Shui must remain on 30-40 centimetre, each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is every mu of 10-15 kilogram;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
Further, the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 4-5 tails for every square metre.
Further, described feed for nursing comprises: dregs of beans 20 ~ 30 parts, peanut meal 20 ~ 30 parts, fish meal 3 ~ 8 parts, 38 ~ 45 parts, rice bran, bone meal 1 ~ 5 part.
The beneficial effect of employing technique scheme is: the cultural method of a kind of catfish of the present invention, by sterilization and the science feeding method of fish pond and fish body, effectively reduce the consumption of medicine, artificial feed, nutritious, fine and tender taste, containing more protein and fat, catfish quality and safety is high, pollution-free simultaneously, improve the survival rate of catfish, avoid group's disease and produce, ensure that the economic benefit of raiser.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A cultural method for catfish, comprises the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build place that is smooth in selection of land gesture, that have abundant water resources, effective cultured area is 5 mu, and pond is 2 meters deeply, the depth of water is 1.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then the lake water or river of having sterilized is injected, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70-80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is 2% of fish body weight, regular disinfectant full pool spilling head, treatment can be mixed in feed with medicines such as Li Teling and be done pharmaceutical chemistry;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensure that the transparency of Chi Shui must remain on 30 centimetres, each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is 10 kilograms every mu;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
Further, the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 4 tails for every square metre.
Further, described feed for nursing comprises: dregs of beans 20 parts, peanut meal 20 parts, fish meal 3 parts, 38 parts, rice bran, bone meal 1 part.
Embodiment 2
A cultural method for catfish, comprises the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build place that is smooth in selection of land gesture, that have abundant water resources, effective cultured area is 8 mu, and pond is 2 meters deeply, the depth of water is 1.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then the lake water or river of having sterilized is injected, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70-80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is the 2-3% of fish body weight, regular disinfectant full pool spilling head, treatment can be mixed in feed with medicines such as Li Teling and be done pharmaceutical chemistry;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensure that the transparency of Chi Shui must remain on 40 centimetres, each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is 15 kilograms every mu;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
Further, the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 5 tails for every square metre.
Further, described feed for nursing comprises: dregs of beans 30 parts, peanut meal 30 parts, fish meal 8 parts, 45 parts, rice bran, bone meal 5 parts.

Claims (3)

1. a cultural method for catfish, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) construction in pond: build place that is smooth in selection of land gesture, that have abundant water resources, effective cultured area is 5-8 mu, and pond is 2 meters deeply, the depth of water is 1.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.2 meter, pollution-free around, every mu of pond match power is aerator and each 1 of the Autoamtic bait putting machine of 3 kilowatts;
(2) front equipment is put in a suitable place to breed: every mu is spread 150g quicklime and carries out pond disinfection, shine two weeks after sterilization, then the lake water or river of having sterilized is injected, when water filling, water inlet need filter with 70-80 order yarn thin,tough silk, before breeding fish fry simultaneously, fry is put into 3% salt solution immersion and putting into pond after 10 minutes;
(3) feedstuff feeding: add green fodder based on feed, throw something and feed every day once, the proportion of feed and green fodder is 7:3, every two weeks feeding once in the winter time, the quantity of at every turn throwing something and feeding is the 2-3% of fish body weight, regular disinfectant full pool spilling head, treatment can be mixed in feed with medicines such as Li Teling and be done pharmaceutical chemistry;
(4) water quality management: oxygenation 2 hours of starting shooting every day, each week is changed 1//3 of Chi Shui and throws in crude salt, and ensure that the transparency of Chi Shui must remain on 30-40 centimetre, each moon spreads quicklime to Chi Shui, within every 2 months, in fishpond, throw in pasture and water, the injected volume of pasture and water is every mu of 10-15 kilogram;
(5) suitably fish for: each month fishes for the fry that build reaches 2000g.
2. the cultural method of a kind of catfish according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the quantity of described cultivation is: throw in 4-5 tails for every square metre.
3. the cultural method of a kind of catfish according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feed for nursing comprises: dregs of beans 20 ~ 30 parts, peanut meal 20 ~ 30 parts, fish meal 3 ~ 8 parts, 38 ~ 45 parts, rice bran, bone meal 1 ~ 5 part.
CN201410702128.2A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Catfish culturing method Pending CN104521808A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105010199A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Mixed high-yield breeding method for catfish
CN105660467A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-15 广德县清元水产养殖专业合作社 Family small-area catfish culture method
CN105706972A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-06-29 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Method for ecologically culturing catfishes in household pond
CN105706973A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-06-29 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Household pond ecological breeding method of crucian carps
CN105746389A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-13 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Method for ecological breeding of black carp family pond
CN105918177A (en) * 2016-04-30 2016-09-07 中山市智凝生物科技有限公司 Culture method for catfish
CN106106288A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-11-16 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of Silurus asotus fish pond breeding method
CN106719136A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method for preventing and treating catfish disease
CN107494248A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-22 广西沙田仙人滩农业投资有限公司 A kind of cultural method of catfish

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105010199A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 Mixed high-yield breeding method for catfish
CN105660467A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-15 广德县清元水产养殖专业合作社 Family small-area catfish culture method
CN105706972A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-06-29 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Method for ecologically culturing catfishes in household pond
CN105706973A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-06-29 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Household pond ecological breeding method of crucian carps
CN105746389A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-13 怀远县渔业科技发展有限责任公司 Method for ecological breeding of black carp family pond
CN105918177A (en) * 2016-04-30 2016-09-07 中山市智凝生物科技有限公司 Culture method for catfish
CN106106288A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-11-16 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇东枪塘水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of Silurus asotus fish pond breeding method
CN106719136A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method for preventing and treating catfish disease
CN107494248A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-22 广西沙田仙人滩农业投资有限公司 A kind of cultural method of catfish

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Application publication date: 20150422