CN104495139B - Garbage dropping box and class-based dropping method of garbage - Google Patents

Garbage dropping box and class-based dropping method of garbage Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104495139B
CN104495139B CN201410855266.4A CN201410855266A CN104495139B CN 104495139 B CN104495139 B CN 104495139B CN 201410855266 A CN201410855266 A CN 201410855266A CN 104495139 B CN104495139 B CN 104495139B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
refuse
information
thrown
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410855266.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104495139A (en
Inventor
周晓晶
陈锦祥
周满
尹磊
谢娟
Original Assignee
东南大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 东南大学 filed Critical 东南大学
Priority to CN201410855266.4A priority Critical patent/CN104495139B/en
Publication of CN104495139A publication Critical patent/CN104495139A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104495139B publication Critical patent/CN104495139B/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F7/00Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus
    • G07F7/08Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus by coded identity card or credit card or other personal identification means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/138Identification means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/16Music playing devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage dropping box and a class-based disposal method of garbage. The garbage dropping box comprises a box body of which the upper end is equipped with at least two dropping openings, and a garbage bin arranged in the box body; the at least two dropping openings are formed in the upper side of the garbage bin; a first infrared sensor for detecting whether the garbage bin is full of garbage and an indicator light for displaying whether the garbage bin is full of the garbage are arranged on the box body; a voice recognizing and prompting system is arranged on the box body, comprising a voice recording device, a voice recognizing module and a voice playing device; the voice recording device is used for recording the name of garbage disposed by a garbage dropping person; the voice recognizing module is used for recognizing the recorded name of the garbage dropped by the garbage dropping person and classifying; the voice playing device is used for playing the voice information of the dropping opening in which the garbage is to be dropped. According to the method, the garbage classification is reasonably charged and effectively monitored, and thus the residents can build the habits of accurately classifying the garbage, recovering the usable garbage and decreasing garbage dropping.

Description

Rubbish throws in case and refuse classification put-on method

Technical field

The invention belongs to environmental protection technical field, specifically a kind of rubbish throwing for Classified Collection of Municipal Solid Wastes Put case.

Background technology

Refuse classification is conducive to recovery and the utilization of resource, reduces environmental pollution, meets the requirement of the Scientific Outlook on Development, can Promote the sustainable development of society.But due to people the shortage of refuse classification knowledge and energy-conserving and environment-protective are realized indifferent, allow Everyone forms the good custom of refuse classification, is far from being enough it is necessary to take practicable arranging only by publicity and education Apply.One of measure is exactly that rubbish is carried out with classification charge:The rubbish charge big to environmental hazard is more expensive, and can reclaim profit Rubbish is then free of charge and obtains award.This measure inherently promotes the recycling of useful rubbish, greatly reduces rubbish Injected volume, reduce the cost of rubbish storage, transport and process on the whole.The two of measure are refuse classification to be thrown in have The supervision of effect ground, mixes the behavior put with rubbish miscarrying and must be punished and call to account for rubbish.Only in this way, refuse classification ability Really fulfill, become the conscious action of each family.

Existing rubbish charge standard substantially monthly collects same expense by family, and this charge method does not account for To factors such as the population of family, the actual rubbish injected volumes of family, lack scientific and fairness.Existing patent is related to Rubbish charging method is essentially all charging of weighing, the method and system (publication number that for example a kind of categorized consumer waste is collected: 102000688B) with rubbish charging collector (publication number:101344976B), this charging way needs additional refuse to weigh dress Put, and because the volume of charging and rubbish is unrelated, throw in the volume that people is mostly disinclined to compressed garbage, thus virtually increasing The cost processing.

The monitoring system great majority of existing garbage disposal are the patterns using video monitoring, for example a kind of destructor plant Video monitoring system of weighing (publication number:203632793U), environmental sanitation operation Network Surveillance System Based on Streaming Media (publication number: 203039809U), be used for rubbish weigh, transport and processing procedure monitoring, lack and be specifically designed for the prison of rubbish launch process Control.

The patent that RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology is used for refuse classification process includes base Hospital refuse processing system (publication number in RFID technique:103093327A), a kind of intelligent garbage recycling bin (publication number: 103569551A) etc., but above-mentioned patent carries out identification or refuse classification identification just with RFID technique, and not right The data retaining on RFID card reader carries out in depth statistics and analysis, therefrom excavates the letter of the real-life situation of resident Breath.

Content of the invention

Technical problem:

The technical problem to be solved is the deficiency existing for above-mentioned prior art, and provides one kind to have certainly The rubbish input case whether detection rubbish is filled and put on by classification by speech recognition.

Technical scheme:For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

Case thrown in by a kind of rubbish, upper end is provided with the casing of dispensing port and is arranged on refuse receptacle in casing, described Dispensing port be located at described refuse receptacle top it is characterised in that:Described dispensing port is at least two, on described casing Be additionally provided with for detect the first infrared sensor that whether described refuse receptacle rubbish fill and with described first infrared sensor Connect for showing the display lamp whether described refuse receptacle is filled;One speech recognition is additionally provided with described casing and carries Show system, this speech recognition and prompt system include voice recording device, sound identification module and voice playing equipment;Described Voice recording device is used for typing rubbish and throws in the rubbish title that people is thrown in;Described sound identification module is used for identifying rubbish Throw in the rubbish title of people institute typing and classify;Described voice playing equipment is used for playing identified and classification refuse classification Throw in the voice messaging of place dispensing port;It is additionally provided with one in each dispensing port upper end of described casing for detecting whether there being rubbish Rubbish puts into the second infrared sensor of dispensing port and when the second infrared sensor has detected rubbish and put into garbage throw-in port For the photographing device that rubbish is taken pictures;One embedded microprocessor, a RFID card reader are additionally provided with described casing With a display screen, described dispensing port is provided with an automatically controlled slide, this electric control valve is beaten when described card reader reads in operation Open described dispensing port.

Described embedded microprocessor carries serial port and wireless network interface, reads the letter on RFID card reader by serial ports Breath, by wireless network interface connection cordless communication network, rubbish issued by the picture periodically thrown in the information of reading and each rubbish Informix processing center.

After junk information integrated treatment center receives the information of Classified refuse can transmission in a specific region, one can be set up Individual refuse classification Information Statistics data base, this data base includes three category informations, is that rubbish throws in people's information, the rubbish thrown in respectively Information and cost information, age, date of birth, family population and the home address four that people's information includes throwing in people thrown in by rubbish Point;The junk information thrown in mainly includes refuse classification, refuse bin numbering, throws in date and time four part;Cost information master If the cost information of single rubbish deduction and balance amount information, and the increase and decrease of the expense being produced according to rewards and punishments measure.

Described sound identification module adopts LD3320 voice recognition chip.

One back door is additionally provided with described casing, is additionally provided with a refuse receptacle trailer in described casing, described Refuse receptacle be placed on described refuse receptacle trailer.

A kind of refuse classification put-on method based on rubbish input case is it is characterised in that step is as follows:

Step one, judge rubbish throw in people whether know the corresponding garbage throw-in port of institute's garbage throwing, if it is, turn step Rapid two;If it is not, then going to step five;

Step 2, the identity information of the people that swiped the card by FRID card reader typing, and rubbish is play by voice playing equipment The title of dispensing port recyclable rubbish;

Step 3, judge whether the refuse receptacle of garbage throw-in port is filled, if it is, prompting trunkful, send replacing rubbish The instruction of bucket;If it is not, then opening the automatically controlled slide of garbage throw-in port;

Step 4, rubbish are thrown in people and are thrown in rubbish into garbage throw-in port, trigger the second infrared sensor and by taking pictures Equipment is taken pictures to the rubbish thrown in, and the photo taken pictures is stored and is recorded the time taken pictures, and judges the second sensing Whether device is blocked, if it is, closing garbage throw-in port electric control valve, completing rubbish and throwing in;

Step 5, the information of all Classified refuse cans in setting regions will be sent to junk information according to set time Integrated treatment center, when there is rubbish in certain classified garbage box monitored phenomenon miscarried, will be corresponding according to above-mentioned information tracing Putting person;

After step 6, junk information integrated treatment center receive the information of Classified refuse can transmission, set up a rubbish and divide Category information staqtistical data base;This data base includes three category informations, is that rubbish throws in people's information, the junk information thrown in and expense respectively With information, age, date of birth, family population and home address four part that people's information includes throwing in people thrown in by rubbish;Throw in Junk information include refuse classification, refuse bin numbering, throw in date and time four part;Cost information is single rubbish deduction Cost information and balance amount information, and the increase and decrease of the expense being produced according to rewards and punishments measure.

The slide of garbage throw-in port adopts left and right flat-open type, automatically turns on, be automatically switched off after input after swiping the card, rubbish bucket position Lower section in dispensing port;

Back door is hinge double-open type, is provided with door lock and handle;

Classification garbage can bottom carries trailer, easily can pull out refuse receptacle from outer container.

Corresponding color is painted according to the rubbish species thrown in is different in refuse classification charge and the outer container surface of supervising device, And mark rubbish species and single in the notable position in front and deduct fees the amount of money.

After people's brush rubbish payment IC-card on RFID card reader thrown in by rubbish, card reader can should throw rubbish according to this refuse bin Species buckle corresponding expense from card, and remaining sum is shown on screen, and the relevant information that this is thrown in is saved in In its built-in storage.

Rubbish is thrown in after people swipes the card on RFID card reader, in the case of the non-trunkful of rubbish, garbage throw-in port automatically controlled Slide will automatically open up to both sides.

The trunkful infrared sensor of refuse classification charge and supervising device is used for detecting whether refuse receptacle has piled with, if Pile with, trunkful display lamp is lighted;After the refuse receptacle of trunkful is dragged out and changes new empty refuse receptacle, trunkful display lamp extinguishes.

After the photograph infrared sensor of refuse classification charge and supervising device is blocked, photographic head can be triggered and take pictures.

The voice recording device of refuse classification charge and supervising device can carrying with the description rubbish species of typing input people Ask voice, sound identification module is identified to the voice of typing, and search in the data base of input standard set in advance Correlated results, voice playing equipment plays the suggestion voice of related Classified refuse can.

The voice playing equipment of refuse classification charge and supervising device play garbage throwing species, refuse receptacle trunkful, Rubbish payment IC-card remaining sum and charging information, voice identification result and the suggestion voice throwing in end.

The embedded microprocessor of refuse classification charge and supervising device carries serial port and wireless network interface, can be by string Mouth reads the information on RFID card reader, by network interface connection cordless communication network, periodically by the information reading and each rubbish Junk information integrated treatment center issued by the picture thrown in.

The present invention devises a kind of refuse classification charging method, including:Rubbish is thrown in people and must be handled rubbish payment Card, then supplements with money with to be used;Every time during garbage throwing, corresponding Classified refuse can is swiped the card once;Rubbish is according to classification Different fee charged every time also different, the rubbish charge bigger to environmental hazard is more expensive, and recuperable rubbish Then it is free of charge and obtain award;Repeatedly throw in the obtained integration of recyclable rubbish;And repeatedly being subject to of error thrown in by rubbish Punishment, or even called to account to throwing in people according to the information of rubbish payment card.

The present invention devises a kind of refuse classification monitoring method, including:It is necessary to brush during rubbish is thrown in every time Rubbish payment card, and the rubbish thrown in is taken pictures and is recorded photo opporunity;These information will record in each refuse classification In the built-in storage of case, the information of all Classified refuse cans in certain area will be periodically sent to junk information integrated treatment Center;When there is rubbish in certain classified garbage box monitored phenomenon miscarried, by according to the above-mentioned corresponding putting person of information tracing.

The present invention devises a kind of statistical method of refuse classification information, including junk information integrated treatment center After receiving the information of Classified refuse can transmission in a specific region, a refuse classification Information Statistics data base can be set up.Should Data base mainly includes three category informations, is that rubbish throws in people (family) information, the junk information thrown in and cost information respectively.Rubbish Rubbish is thrown in people (family) information and is mainly included throwing in age, date of birth, family population and home address four part of people;Throw in Junk information mainly include refuse classification, refuse bin numbering, throw in date and time four part;Cost information is mainly single The cost information of rubbish deduction and balance amount information, and the increase and decrease of the expense being produced according to rewards and punishments measure.

Beneficial effect:The present invention has advantages below:

1) the first infrared sensor and display lamp are installed on rubbish box body, in controllable refuse receptacle rubbish fill follow-up Continuous throw away rubbish fill up or block refuse bin, cause filthy within refuse bin.Also can prompting changing in time by display lamp Refuse receptacle in refuse bin.

2) speech recognition and prompt system are passed through, bootable rubbish is thrown in people and realized putting on by classification of different rubbish.

3) charging that carries out swiping the card is thrown in each rubbish, different expenses are collected according to the difference of rubbish species;

4) when input people does not know how correct garbage throwing, can be seeked advice from by voice mode;

5), after swiping the card every time, automatically the rubbish thrown in is taken pictures so that each rubbish is thrown in and can be traced back to it The information of people thrown in by rubbish;

6) relevant information to refuse classification, establishes the data base that can inquire about and count.

Brief description

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;In figure 1- first infrared sensor;2- back door;3- voice typing and broadcasting Equipment;4- second infrared sensor;5- display lamp;6-RFID card reader and display screen;7- photographic head;The automatically controlled slide of 8-;9- rubbish Rubbish bucket;10- casing;11- refuse receptacle trailer;

Fig. 2 is the control system composition schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the refuse classification putting control system workflow diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the example of speech recognition and prompt system in garbage classification device;

Fig. 5 is the flow chart of refuse classification charge and monitoring method.

Specific embodiment

With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description the structure composition to the present invention and operation principle do further details of Explanation.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.Rubbish of the present invention is thrown in case and is included casing 10 and be arranged on casing At least two dispensing ports, in the present embodiment, garbage throw-in port is 4.4 dispensing ports correspond to recyclable rubbish case respectively, have Evil refuse bin, garbage case and other refuse bin, the surface of 4 refuse bins applies au bleu, redness, green and yellow respectively. Recovery according to different rubbish and processing cost, they once throw in the expense that need to deduct be respectively 0 yuan, 0.5 yuan, 0.1 yuan and 0.2 yuan, this standard of deducting fees should directly be indicated in the notable position of refuse bin, can do corresponding tune according to the practical situation of various places Whole.The poster of refuse classification mode can be puted up it is also possible to be used for putting up the advertisement of environment-friendly products, phase before Classified refuse can The advertising income closed can be used for the updating maintenance of refuse bin or the wage paying refuse classification assistant policeman.

Each refuse classification of the present invention is thrown in case and is divided into control system and frame for movement two parts, control system part Including:First infrared sensor 1, voice recording device and voice playing equipment 3, the second infrared sensor 4, display lamp 5, RFID Card reader and display screen 6 and photographic head 7.Mechanical structure portion includes:Back door 2, automatically controlled slide 8, refuse receptacle 9 and refuse receptacle drag Car 11.The automatically controlled slide 8 of garbage throw-in port adopts left and right flat-open type, automatically turns on, be automatically switched off after input after swiping the card.Slide is put down When completely airtight, ensure that the environment clean hygiene of refuse depot.Back door 2 is hinge double-open type, is provided with handle and door lock.Rubbish Rubbish bucket 9 bottom carries refuse receptacle trailer 11, easily can pull out refuse receptacle 9 from casing 10, prevent the rubbish in refuse bin Rubbish leaks.This design further advantage is that the recycling that can realize conventional garbage bucket.The present invention is not required to discarded existing Refuse receptacle, and only need to produce the outer container adapting to present refuse receptacle height and size, and also each new outer container can be joined The refuse receptacle in standby some Geju City, is so greatly lowered the cost of new equipment, it is to avoid because abandoning old plastic garbage bin The environmental pollution causing.

Fig. 2 throws in the control system composition schematic diagram of case for the present invention, mainly includes embedded central controller, RFID brush Card system, infrared sensor control system, photographing device, speech recognition and prompt system.Embedded microprocessor adopts RAM9 Framework, is furnished with wireless communication interface, is responsible for coordinating miscellaneous equipment work, and the data in internal memory storage area is passed through WiFi or 3G/ 4G wireless network sends.

RFID is also called REID, including reader and transponder two parts.Card-punching system in the present invention is just It is RFID reader, and the IC-card throwing in people's brush is RFID transponder, card-punching system can realize the internal storage data to IC-card Read or write operation.IC payment card can adopt the Mifare train of radio frequency card of PHILIPS Co., by an antenna and one piece RFID chip forms, and operating distance is about 500mm.After rubbish input people swipes the card on RFID card reader, in the non-trunkful of rubbish In the case of, will the opening to both sides of the automatically controlled slide of garbage throw-in port.Can be deducted fees according to rubbish species simultaneously, and will be remaining Volume is shown on the screen of card reader.The information that people thrown in by each rubbish can be saved in RFID reader, the embedded place that declines Reason device can periodically data be read in its internal memory from reader.

Infrared sensing controller includes two sensors, and one is the second infrared sensor 4 for photograph, in rubbish When rubbish is thrown in, triggering photographic head is taken pictures to the rubbish thrown in.Another is the first infrared sensor 1, for detecting refuse receptacle Whether piling with, if piled with, signal will have been sent to embedded central controller so that display lamp 5 is lighted;See finger Show that lamp lights rear it should haul out full refuse receptacle, change new empty refuse receptacle, trunkful display lamp extinguishes simultaneously.

Capture apparatus can adopt simple pinhole cameras, due to only preserving picture and shooting time, so to central authorities Memory size in processor requires relatively low.Every pictures due to shooting all are associated with throws in the information that people swipes the card, these numbers According to meeting, corresponding data processing centre is periodically uploaded to by embedded microprocessor.This center is responsible for data being analyzed and returning Class, sets up corresponding data base, if finding the rubbish having miscarrying in picture, this center can also be thrown according to picture searching The relevant information of people.

Speech recognition and prompt system mainly include voice recording device, intelligent sound identification module and speech play and set Standby.The major function of voice recording device and intelligent sound identification module is to aid in rubbish input people and confirms that certain rubbish is corresponding Classified refuse can, such as waste paper should put into the recyclable rubbish utility box of blueness, and medicine corresponds to red Harmful Waste and divides Class case.And voice playing equipment is used to play the various suggestion voices in rubbish launch process, provide for correct garbage throwing Instruct.

The voice recognition chip that sound identification module uses is LD3320, and this chip is based on signer-independent sign language recognition The voice recognition chip of (ASR, Automatic Speech Recognition) technology, is integrated with voice recognition processor and one A little external circuits are it is not necessary to external any companion chip such as Flash, RAM etc..ASR speech recognition technology is to be based on " key word The technology of identification of language list ", ASR speech recognition process is the voice content that user is said, and is converted to voice by frequency spectrum special Levy, then the entry in this phonetic feature after changing and " key wordses list " is mated one by one, of Optimum Matching is i.e. As recognition result.This sound identification module can carry out Intelligent Recognition to the different expression of rubbish of the same race, such as " newspaper ", " paper " can be identified as recyclable rubbish.The speech chip that voice cue module uses is ISD4004, and this chip adopts CMOS Technology, includes some and plays circuit needed for audio frequency, tonequality is good, is mainly used in playing the indication sound of launch process.These carry Show sound can according to the color regime of different regions, different deduct fees standard and different Classified refuse cans enter Mobile state adjustment and Update.

Fig. 3 is the input case control system workflow diagram of the present invention.In order to reach rubbish by the correct mesh thrown in of species , whole launch process is divided into consulting, four key steps of deducting fees, throw in and take pictures.Each regional refuse classification due to China Standard disunity is so that the fault rate of resident's rubbish input is very high.For this reason, the present invention devises one kind is based on speech recognition technology Consulting system, refuse classification and input are instructed.Fig. 4 is exactly speech recognition and prompt system in garbage classification device Example, first in the case that rubbish input people does not know which kind of Classified refuse can rubbish should throw into, can pin voice typing Button, is inquired according to the species of rubbish, for example " paper ", and button is unclamped in typing, the speech recognition system then language to typing Sound is identified, and exports prompting result, such as " blue refuse receptacle " by speech prompting system.Then throw in people according to voice The information of prompting carries out rubbish input again.

As shown in figure 3, after input people has known clearly and needed to use that Classified refuse can, in corresponding RFID brush Swipe the card on card device, voice playing equipment can send prompt tone simultaneously, such as " this refuse bin please throw in recyclable rubbish ", rubbish is thrown The person of putting is pointed out again.If now trunkful display lamp is lighted, show rubbish trunkful, " trunkful " signal language can be play Sound, garbage throw-in port slide will not be opened, and also will not deduct fees.Otherwise slide is opened, and is carried out according to different rubbish species simultaneously Deduct fees, IC-card remaining sum can be simultaneously displayed on the screen of card reader, if Sorry, your ticket has not enough value, voice playing equipment can send to supplement with money and carry Wake up.

During rubbish is thrown in, infrared sensor can trigger the rubbish that photographic head abandons to resident and immediately be shot, Information association inside the photo meeting shooting and the IC-card throwing in people is got up.Rubbish is thrown in after terminating, and two infrared sensors are all Do not have shielded in the case of, slide just can cut out, and this design can be effectively prevented throws in the handss of people or arm is clipped by door Live.When input people leaves, voice playing device can be play and leave suggestion voice, for example " cooperation of thank you ".

Fig. 5 is the flow chart of refuse classification charge and monitoring method.Throw in people first and can claim one in units of family Open rubbish payment IC-card it is contemplated that the function of its function and existing Citizen Card Item, mass transit card or water power payment card is approximate, Little transformation can be carried out on original card, reduce cost, it also avoid wasting.Then supplement with money as other card, fill While value, the award obtaining on last stage and punishment are counted remaining sum in the lump.

Everyone of one may be by this IC-card and swipes the card garbage throwing, can reduce accordingly by the species of rubbish every time Expense, simultaneously the monitoring system of Classified refuse can to each rubbish throw in take pictures.The monitoring side that present rubbish is thrown in Method great majority are the methods using shooting, not only need substantial amounts of memory storage video recording, and also need to throw in people's to rubbish Identity carries out artificial cognition, and this method is clearly relatively more poorly efficient, and is unfavorable for protecting the privacy throwing in people.And the present invention Using monitor mode be not that people is taken pictures, but rubbish is taken pictures, then with IC-card direct correlation, not only hardware Fairly simple on equipment, and be easy to trace back to the information of the input people of rubbish, provide guarantee for calling to account afterwards.For example have Garbage has been put into recyclable rubbish case by people, it was found that this situation when cleaner processes recyclable rubbish, just This situation can be reported to junk information integrated treatment center, search all rubbish that this refuse bin of last time period photographs Photo, the time it should be easier thrown in conjunction with rubbish finds out the information that people thrown in by this rubbish.Certainly, this monitoring Means are incomplete, if for example refuse bag is opaque, only cannot find out the species of rubbish from photo, in this case, May require that recyclable rubbish uses transparent plastic bag, or directly throw in.

There are this monitoring means it is possible to formulate corresponding rewards and punishments policy.Throw in, repeatedly throw in recyclable rubbish to correct Rubbish is awarded, for example, throw in recyclable rubbish and reward 1.0 yuan 10 times, encourage everybody to pick out by useful rubbish.To mistake Input imposed a fine, these expenses will be embodied when supplementing with money next time.To the person of refusing to mend one's ways despite repeated admonition, according to home address (electricity Words) information, send mail or note is individually educated and reminded.This rubbish charge and monitoring mode make garbage fees levy Receipts can be supplemented with money as the charges for water and electricity of family, gas charge, and pay-per-view as bus IC card can win as purchase card Integration and award, can receive penalty note as motor vehicle violation is captured to afterwards.This charging mode can utilize existing Financial channel, existing department, with the pay charge way known to resident, reach the purpose imposing garbage fees.

Following table is that in one specific region of collection, the refuse classification staqtistical data base sample that data is set up thrown in by rubbish.

Specific region can be single refuse bin, the refuse depot (as Fig. 1) of multiple Classified refuse cans, a residential area All of Classified refuse can, even one administrative area Huo Yige city.This data base mainly includes three category informations, is rubbish respectively Rubbish throws in people (family) information, the junk information thrown in and cost information.Rubbish is thrown in people (family) information and is mainly included throwing in The age of people, date of birth, family population and home address four part.Date of birth is mainly used for as mass transit card to 60 Old man more than year is reduced or remitted it is also possible to be encouraged the child of less than 15 years old to learn refuse classification input, and these children are thrown in Rubbish gives to reward accordingly.Number in the household is used for the quantity of refuse of each family is limited, and exceed partly can examine Consider and carry out ladder garbage fees, it is more that rubbish injected volume exceedes, and the charge of the part exceeding is higher.The work of home address (phone) With being when people's repeatedly wrong garbage throwing thrown in by rubbish, address or the electricity that people thrown in by rubbish can be traced back to according to card using information Words, to be criticized and educate or single refuse classification guidance.

The junk information thrown in mainly includes refuse classification, refuse bin numbering, throws in date and time four part.Different The charge of rubbish species is different, and Harmful Waste are the most expensive, and garbage takes second place, and recyclable rubbish can not be collected money, or integration, to one Determine number of times to reward when supplementing with money.The position laid can be reviewed according to refuse bin numbering, if certain rubbish injected volume of somewhere is special Not big, can suitably increase the quantity of this kind of Classified refuse can in this place.Can place near such as park or stadium more Recyclable rubbish utility box, and residential area and eating and drinking establishment's adnexa should to install kitchen additional classified garbage box monitored.Numbering according to refuse bin Custom can also be thrown in the rubbish of resident family to be analyzed, suitably the putting position of adjustment refuse bin and density.Release time It is the quantity of refuse for counting odd-numbered day, single-revolution, Dan Yue.

Cost information is mainly cost information and the balance amount information of single rubbish deduction, and is produced according to rewards and punishments measure Expense increase and decrease.The topmost principle of refuse classification method involved in the present invention is exactly to be received according to the number of times that rubbish is thrown in Take, rather than according to garbage weight charging.This charging method does not need the rubbish weighing device of complexity, simple.Heavier Want is the volume of this method compressed garbage so that rubbish input people can try one's best it might even be possible to advocate using small-sized family's pressure Contracting device, removes the moisture in garbage or compression carton paper, and the rubbish that this early stage process can reduce by more than 40% is deposited Between emptying, substantially reduce the cost of refuse collection, this be collect by weight garbage fees method institute inaccessiable.The present invention The another one outstanding feature of involved refuse classification method is to implement different charge marks according to different rubbish species Standard, harmful rubbish overcharge, useful rubbish is charged less or is free of charge, or even can obtain award.This charging method is permissible Encourage resident to pick out useful rubbish before rubbish input, reduce the amount of charge rubbish.Certainly so charge is likely to Someone will throw in the rubbish needing charge as free rubbish, the present invention devises corresponding monitoring in this case System, provides technical support for calling to account of rubbish of miscarrying.

In a word, the meaning setting up such refuse classification staqtistical data base is very great, when can count specific Between section, the data such as charge situation of rubbish injected volume, the ratio of various rubbish, rubbish in specific region.This data base provides Information contain the every aspect of resident living, little aspect is known that truly resides address, resident in one family The wealth of life, will be bigger because taking in the proportion that low Domestic kitchen waste accounts for;Big aspect can be passed through Big data analysis is carried out to these information, solve a case for community management, the police, development of real estate, traffic and living facilities supporting And urban planning, macro-level policy-making can also be carried out for government and policy making provides reference.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of refuse classification put-on method throwing in case based on rubbish, described rubbish input case includes upper end and is provided with dispensing port Casing and be arranged on refuse receptacle in casing, described dispensing port be located at described refuse receptacle top it is characterised in that:Described Dispensing port be at least two, described casing is additionally provided with for detect whether described refuse receptacle rubbish is filled first Infrared sensor and be connected with described first infrared sensor for showing the display lamp whether described refuse receptacle is filled;Institute One speech recognition and prompt system are additionally provided with the casing stated, this speech recognition and prompt system include voice recording device, Sound identification module and voice playing equipment;Described voice recording device is used for typing rubbish and throws in the rubbish name that people is thrown in Claim;Described sound identification module is used for identifying that rubbish is thrown in the rubbish title of people institute typing and classified;Described speech play Equipment is used for playing the voice messaging that place dispensing port is thrown in identified and classification refuse classification;Each throwing in described casing Put mouthful upper end and be additionally provided with one for detecting whether there being rubbish to put into the second infrared sensor of dispensing port and when second is infrared Sensor detects rubbish and puts into the photographing device for taking pictures to rubbish during garbage throw-in port;Described casing also sets It is equipped with an embedded microprocessor, a RFID card reader and a display screen, described dispensing port is provided with an automatically controlled slide, should Electric control valve opens described dispensing port when described card reader reads in operation;Step is as follows:
Step one, judge rubbish throw in people whether know the corresponding garbage throw-in port of institute's garbage throwing, if it is, going to step Two;If it is not, then going to step five;
Step 2, the identity information of the people that swiped the card by RFID card reader typing, and rubbish input is play by voice playing equipment The title of mouth recyclable rubbish;
Step 3, judge whether the refuse receptacle of garbage throw-in port is filled, if it is, prompting trunkful, send and change refuse receptacle Instruction;If it is not, then opening the automatically controlled slide of garbage throw-in port;
Step 4, rubbish are thrown in people and are thrown in rubbish into garbage throw-in port, trigger the second infrared sensor and pass through photographing device The rubbish thrown in is taken pictures, the photo taken pictures is stored and is recorded the time taken pictures, judge that second sensor is No be blocked, if it is, close garbage throw-in port electric control valve, complete rubbish throw in;
Step 5, that the information of all Classified refuse cans in setting regions will be sent to junk information according to set time will be comprehensive Processing center, when occurring rubbish in certain classified garbage box monitored phenomenon miscarried, accordingly will throw according to above-mentioned information tracing Person;
After step 6, junk information integrated treatment center receive the information of Classified refuse can transmission, set up a refuse classification letter Breath staqtistical data base;This data base includes three category informations, is that rubbish throws in people's information, the junk information thrown in and expense letter respectively Breath, age, date of birth, family population and home address four part that people's information includes throwing in people thrown in by rubbish;The rubbish thrown in Rubbish information includes refuse classification, refuse bin numbering, throws in date and time four part;Cost information is the expense of single rubbish deduction With information and balance amount information, and the increase and decrease of the expense being produced according to rewards and punishments measure.
2. refuse classification put-on method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described embedded microprocessor carries string Row mouth and wireless network interface, read the information on RFID card reader by serial port, by wireless network interface connection cordless communication network, Junk information integrated treatment center issued by the picture periodically thrown in the information of reading and each rubbish.
3. refuse classification put-on method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described sound identification module adopts LD3320 voice recognition chip.
4. refuse classification put-on method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be additionally provided with one on described casing Back door, is additionally provided with a refuse receptacle trailer in described casing, and described refuse receptacle is placed on described refuse receptacle trailer.
CN201410855266.4A 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Garbage dropping box and class-based dropping method of garbage CN104495139B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410855266.4A CN104495139B (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Garbage dropping box and class-based dropping method of garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410855266.4A CN104495139B (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Garbage dropping box and class-based dropping method of garbage

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104495139A CN104495139A (en) 2015-04-08
CN104495139B true CN104495139B (en) 2017-02-22

Family

ID=52936622

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410855266.4A CN104495139B (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Garbage dropping box and class-based dropping method of garbage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104495139B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3636561A1 (en) * 2018-10-04 2020-04-15 ID&A S.r.l. Device for separate collection of waste

Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106429084A (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-02-22 腾讯科技(深圳)有限公司 Garbage classification method and device
CN105344701B (en) * 2015-12-02 2017-07-11 刘犇 A kind of intelligent comprehensive recycling machine and its analysis recognition method
CN105775531B (en) * 2016-05-23 2017-10-27 东营市佳盛环保科技有限公司 Multi-function domestic refuse classification delivery device
CN105905490A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-31 哈尔滨工程大学 Classification intelligent transportation vehicle for municipal solid wastes
CN106927164A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-07-07 崔稷宁 Garbage collection method and its device
CN107098084A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-08-29 崔稷宁 Garbage collection method and its device
CN109201514B (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-11-08 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Waste sorting recycle method, garbage classification device and classified-refuse recovery system
CN107640475A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-30 宁波暇客物联科技有限公司 A kind of rubbish from cooking smartphone system and method
CN107792561A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-03-13 深圳利万联科技有限公司 A kind of sorting rubbish smartphone system and method
CN107640480A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-01-30 广东拜登网络技术有限公司 The method and apparatus and storage medium and terminal device of refuse classification retrospect
CN108319237A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-07-24 湖南丰收环保科技有限公司 A kind of small towns rubbish is kept a public place clean receipts fortune integral system
CN108423334B (en) * 2018-04-02 2020-03-24 浙江宁围环境服务有限公司 Garbage classification and recovery system
CN108639601A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-12 赵欣 A kind of intelligent garbage classification storage device

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2725922B1 (en) * 1994-10-19 1996-12-27 Gemplus Electronics Method and device for collecting and sorting packaging waste
CN100541533C (en) * 2005-04-27 2009-09-16 合肥工业大学 Be used for autocontrol method and the automatic jettison system of induction type thereof that refuse classification is thrown in
US9352887B2 (en) * 2010-07-28 2016-05-31 Big Belly Solar, Inc. Electrically-powered programmable waste enclosure
CN104150128A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-11-19 张春生 Internet of things platform and intelligent garbage classification system
CN203903215U (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-10-29 杭州村口环保科技有限公司 Classification garbage chamber based on voice recognition
CN104044842B (en) * 2014-06-23 2017-08-25 杭州村口再生资源有限公司 Refuse classification platform and method based on Quick Response Code identification technology

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3636561A1 (en) * 2018-10-04 2020-04-15 ID&A S.r.l. Device for separate collection of waste

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104495139A (en) 2015-04-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105096390B (en) Managing system of car parking based on vehicle electron identifying
US20190197498A1 (en) System and method for waste managment
CN104992476B (en) A kind of parking charging method based on mobile phone photograph Car license recognition
CN205103892U (en) There is not card parking system
US10013685B2 (en) Time analysis of a banking system
CN102378728B (en) Waste handling system and method
CN1253833C (en) Method for charging moving vehicle on road and system thereof
CN204680105U (en) A kind of electric motorcar charging station intelligent management system
KR200408385Y1 (en) Waste Collection Container
CN105035600B (en) Rubbish classification operation and management system and method
CN104609060B (en) Intelligent garbage recycling method
US20030182155A1 (en) Method and apparatus for handling mail pieces that require special handling
CN105096485B (en) The collection of riding information, querying method, traffic scheduling method and device
US20030125981A1 (en) Device, system and method for enforcing traffic regulations
US7466242B2 (en) Method and system for charging a vehicle for parking
DE4211119C2 (en) Process for recording the emptying or disposal data for the removal of garbage stored in garbage containers by garbage trucks and arrangement for carrying out the method
CN101872428B (en) Management method for collecting and calculating garbage
CN103466242B (en) A kind of method and system of refuse classification management
CN104044842B (en) Refuse classification platform and method based on Quick Response Code identification technology
CN106504353A (en) Vehicle toll method and apparatus
ES2294224T3 (en) System and procedure for the control of bank tickets to detect false tickets.
CN103171836A (en) Garbage classification recovery intellectualized system and garbage classification recovery intellectualized method
US20050168352A1 (en) Citation free parking method
CN106846621A (en) " internet+" Packaging Bottle intelligence recovery system and method
CN102063745A (en) Parking management system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model