CN104067811A - Cucumber planting method - Google Patents

Cucumber planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104067811A
CN104067811A CN201410288449.2A CN201410288449A CN104067811A CN 104067811 A CN104067811 A CN 104067811A CN 201410288449 A CN201410288449 A CN 201410288449A CN 104067811 A CN104067811 A CN 104067811A
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Prior art keywords
days
climing
planting
once
water
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Application number
CN201410288449.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵洪启
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Qingdao Bo Yang Bioisystech Co Ltd
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Qingdao Bo Yang Bioisystech Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN201410288449.2A priority Critical patent/CN104067811A/en
Publication of CN104067811A publication Critical patent/CN104067811A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cucumber planting method. The cucumber planting method comprises (1) seedbed preparation, (2) seed selection, (3) germination accelerating, (4) sowing, (5) greenhouse construction, (6) seeding stage, (7) nursery stage, (8) seedling stage, (9) field planting, (10) growth, (11) trellis establishing and stem binding, (12) pruning and shoot pinching, (13) blooming and fruiting stage and (14) fruit picking. Therefore, the cucumber planting method has the advantages of being natural and pollution-free, conforming with the growth law of plants, comprehensively taking care of seedlings during the whole process and achieving staged cultivation, and has a wide market prospect in popularization of cucumber planting methods.

Description

A kind of green cucumber method
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation field, particularly relate to a kind of green cucumber method.
Background technology
Cucumber is one of vegetables common in life, and cucumber is very popular on market, but existing cucumber is generally used hormone or agricultural chemicals, and fast growth, Residue in fruits have farm chemical ingredients, harm eater's health.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of green cucumber method, by adopting the implantation methods of natural nuisance-free, follows its production law, strengthens vitality, productivity gain, has market prospects widely popularizing of green cucumber method.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of green cucumber method, comprise the following steps:
(1) prepare in seedbed: choose one leeward on the sunny side, fertile soil, within 3 years, do not plant melon field as seedbed above, ploughing depth 4cm to 6cm, evenly executes and turns in soil with the ratio of every square metre of liquid dung, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, dish cake and the equal 500 ~ 650g of urea;
(2) seed selection: select that specification is identical, the cucumber seeds of full grains, be immersed in the sodium chloride solution of 0.9-1.2% concentration 15 ~ 25 minutes, be immersed in afterwards 6-8 hour in the warm water of 50 ~ 60 DEG C;
(3) vernalization: above-mentioned seed is wrapped with wet gauze, remained at the temperature of 15 ~ 25 DEG C and wait for peacefully for 2 ~ 4 days and sprout;
(4) sowing: ready seedbed is carried and watered the water of revealing the exact details the previous day, use nutrition cup sowing 8 of m seqs, described nutrition cup is interval 2cm between two, 2-3 of sowings in each nutrition cup, the seed degree of depth is 1-1.3cm, evenly sprinkles fine earth after completing on seedbed;
(5) build roof insulating: after planting use branch and insulation film to build roof insulating more than high 1m, suitable for controlling growth
Suitable temperature and humidity;
(6) seeding stage: use temperature daytime in manual method control roof insulating at 28 ~ 30 DEG C, be not less than 20 DEG C night,
Before emerging, do not water, aeration-cooling in time after emerging, control temperature daytime in roof insulating at 25 ~ 30 DEG C, at 15 ~ 20 DEG C, water one time water for every two days night, and 8 are watered in the morning, also should focus on during this period the prevention of wet injury and disease;
(7) nursery stage: in the time having 3 ~ 5 true leaves, choose fine day and remove the insulation film of roof insulating, take off film and ventilate, keep its self-sow, water 8 of early mornings every day during this period;
(8) phase in strong sprout: in the time having more than 5 true leaf, check and guarantee that every strain rice shoot, all without damage by disease and insect, once find that there is the rice shoot of insect pest or disease, is uprooped immediately, with fire burning;
(9) field planting: evenly plough under in soil by the phosphate fertilizer of every square metre of 400 ~ 600g, afterwards ploughing soil is done to furrow, the wide 1.2m of furrow, more than high 15cm, build the mulch film that is highly less than 10cm, after airtight 7 days, remove mulch film and get final product field planting, now, by transplantation with soil in above-mentioned strong sprout, spacing in the rows remains on 25 ~ 30cm, and line-spacing remains on 40 ~ 50cm, with dark water law field planting, after field planting completes, build roof insulating, 20 ~ 25 DEG C by day of the temperature in use manual method control roof insulating, are no more than 32 DEG C, be not less than 10 DEG C night, in airtight 7 days, do not water;
(10) growth: the fine day in maximum temperature higher than 25 degrees Celsius, 9 of mornings at dusk 4 take off film and ventilate, all the other times keep the state of building of roof insulating, humidity is controlled at daytime 60 ~ 80%, night 80 ~ 90%, keep irrigating once for every 3 days lower than the weather of 25 DEG C at the maximum air temperature, keep irrigating once for every two days higher than the weather of 25 degrees Celsius at the maximum air temperature, keep irrigate once every day at the maximum air temperature higher than the weather of 35 degrees Celsius, all irrigate in 6 o'clock early mornings of every day, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once;
(11) bay with tie up climing: field planting is bay after 10 days, adopt flower stand or herringbone, apart from root 5 ~ 10cm, climing stem every 2 or 3 joints are tied up once, the stem that prevents from fraying is climing and stem is climing sagging, should tie up in the afternoon climingly, the climing more crisp frangibility of stem in morning, ties up once climing in every 2 or 3 days during this period;
(12) prune and pinch off young shoots: for its all lateral bine of the climing removal of master of knot melon, after knot melon, staying one to two leaf to pinch off young shoots for the lateral bine of knot melon, destroy all tendrils, while exceeding frame head for stem is climing, also should pinch off young shoots in time, and destroy in time the sick Lao Ye of bottom;
(13) yield positive results the phase: artificial insemination, at fine day point in the mornings 9, take the male flower of new opening, remove petal, stamen is put on female flower style gently, every many male flowers can be smeared female flower more than 8 ~ 10, every 5 days in the morning 8 water once, per weekly apply fertilizer once, if there is curved melon, sick melon or unnecessary little melon, in time by its excision;
(14) fruit picking: pluck in time after fruit maturation.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: green cucumber method of the present invention has natural nuisance-free, meets growth rhythm, whole process makes much of young plant, the advantage such as cultivation stage by stage have market prospects widely on green cucumber method universal.
Embodiment
To the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention be clearly and completely described below, obviously, described example is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, instead of whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making all other embodiment that obtain under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The embodiment of the present invention comprises:
A kind of green cucumber method, comprises the following steps:
(1) prepare in seedbed: choose one leeward on the sunny side, fertile soil, within 3 years, do not plant melon field as seedbed above, ploughing depth 6cm, evenly executes and turns in soil with the ratio of every square metre of liquid dung, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, dish cake and the equal 650g of urea;
(2) seed selection: select that specification is identical, the cucumber seeds of full grains, be immersed in the sodium chloride solution of 1% concentration 20 minutes, be immersed in afterwards in the warm water of 60 DEG C 6 hours;
(3) vernalization: above-mentioned seed is wrapped with wet gauze, remained on the temperature of 15 DEG C and wait for peacefully for lower 4 days and sprout;
(4) sowing: ready seedbed is carried and watered the water of revealing the exact details the previous day, use nutrition cup sowing 8 of m seqs, described nutrition cup is interval 2cm between two, 3 of sowings in each nutrition cup, the seed degree of depth is 1.2cm, evenly sprinkles fine earth after completing on seedbed;
(5) build roof insulating: after planting use branch and insulation film to build roof insulating more than high 1m, suitable for controlling growth
Suitable temperature and humidity;
(6) seeding stage: use temperature daytime in manual method control roof insulating at 28 DEG C, be not less than 20 DEG C night,
Before emerging, do not water, aeration-cooling in time after emerging, control temperature daytime in roof insulating at 25 ~ 30 DEG C, at 20 DEG C, water one time water for every two days night, and 8 are watered in the morning, also should focus on during this period the prevention of wet injury and disease;
(7) nursery stage: in the time having 5 true leaves, choose fine day and remove the insulation film of roof insulating, take off film and ventilate, keep its self-sow, water 8 of early mornings every day during this period;
(8) phase in strong sprout: in the time having more than 5 true leaf, check and guarantee that every strain rice shoot, all without damage by disease and insect, once find that there is the rice shoot of insect pest or disease, is uprooped immediately, with fire burning;
(9) field planting: evenly plough under in soil by the phosphate fertilizer of every square metre of 600g, afterwards ploughing soil is done to furrow, the wide 1.2m of furrow, more than high 15cm, build the mulch film that is highly less than 10cm, after airtight 7 days, remove mulch film and get final product field planting, now, by transplantation with soil in above-mentioned strong sprout, spacing in the rows remains on 30cm, and line-spacing remains on 50cm, with dark water law field planting, after field planting completes, build roof insulating, 25 DEG C by day of the temperature in use manual method control roof insulating, are no more than 32 DEG C, be not less than 10 DEG C night, in airtight 7 days, do not water;
(10) growth: the fine day in maximum temperature higher than 25 degrees Celsius, 9 of mornings at dusk 4 take off film and ventilate, all the other times keep the state of building of roof insulating, humidity is controlled at daytime 80%, night 90%, keep irrigating once for every 3 days lower than the weather of 25 DEG C at the maximum air temperature, keep irrigating once for every two days higher than the weather of 25 degrees Celsius at the maximum air temperature, keep irrigate once every day at the maximum air temperature higher than the weather of 35 degrees Celsius, all irrigate in 6 o'clock early mornings of every day, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once;
(11) bay with tie up climing: field planting is bay after 10 days, adopts flower stand or herringbone, apart from root 5 ~ 10cm, climing stem every 2 joints are tied up once, and the stem that prevents from fraying is climing and stem is climing sagging, should tie up in the afternoon climing, the climing more crisp frangibility of stem in morning, ties up once climing in every 2 days during this period;
(12) prune and pinch off young shoots: for its all lateral bine of the climing removal of master of knot melon, after knot melon, staying one to two leaf to pinch off young shoots for the lateral bine of knot melon, destroy all tendrils, while exceeding frame head for stem is climing, also should pinch off young shoots in time, and destroy in time the sick Lao Ye of bottom;
(13) yield positive results the phase: artificial insemination, at fine day point in the mornings 9, take the male flower of new opening, remove petal, stamen is put on female flower style gently, every many male flowers can be smeared female flower more than 8, every 5 days in the morning 8 water once, per weekly apply fertilizer once, if there is curved melon, sick melon or unnecessary little melon, in time by its excision;
(14) fruit picking: pluck in time after fruit maturation.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a green cucumber method, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) prepare in seedbed: choose one leeward on the sunny side, fertile soil, within 3 years, do not plant melon field as seedbed above, ploughing depth 4cm to 6cm, evenly executes and turns in soil with the ratio of every square metre of liquid dung, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, dish cake and the equal 500 ~ 650g of urea;
(2) seed selection: select that specification is identical, the cucumber seeds of full grains, be immersed in the sodium chloride solution of 0.9-1.2% concentration 15 ~ 25 minutes, be immersed in afterwards 6-8 hour in the warm water of 50 ~ 60 DEG C;
(3) vernalization: above-mentioned seed is wrapped with wet gauze, remained at the temperature of 15 ~ 25 DEG C and wait for peacefully for 2 ~ 4 days and sprout;
(4) sowing: ready seedbed is carried and watered the water of revealing the exact details the previous day, use nutrition cup sowing 8 of m seqs, described nutrition cup is interval 2cm between two, 2-3 of sowings in each nutrition cup, the seed degree of depth is 1-1.3cm, evenly sprinkles fine earth after completing on seedbed;
(5) build roof insulating: after planting use branch and insulation film to build roof insulating more than high 1m, suitable for controlling growth
Suitable temperature and humidity;
(6) seeding stage: use temperature daytime in manual method control roof insulating at 28 ~ 30 DEG C, be not less than 20 DEG C night,
Before emerging, do not water, aeration-cooling in time after emerging, control temperature daytime in roof insulating at 25 ~ 30 DEG C, at 15 ~ 20 DEG C, water one time water for every two days night, and 8 are watered in the morning, also should focus on during this period the prevention of wet injury and disease;
(7) nursery stage: in the time having 3 ~ 5 true leaves, choose fine day and remove the insulation film of roof insulating, take off film and ventilate, keep its self-sow, water 8 of early mornings every day during this period;
(8) phase in strong sprout: in the time having more than 5 true leaf, check and guarantee that every strain rice shoot, all without damage by disease and insect, once find that there is the rice shoot of insect pest or disease, is uprooped immediately, with fire burning;
(9) field planting: evenly plough under in soil by the phosphate fertilizer of every square metre of 400 ~ 600g, afterwards ploughing soil is done to furrow, the wide 1.2m of furrow, more than high 15cm, build the mulch film that is highly less than 10cm, after airtight 7 days, remove mulch film and get final product field planting, now, by transplantation with soil in above-mentioned strong sprout, spacing in the rows remains on 25 ~ 30cm, and line-spacing remains on 40 ~ 50cm, with dark water law field planting, after field planting completes, build roof insulating, 20 ~ 25 DEG C by day of the temperature in use manual method control roof insulating, are no more than 32 DEG C, be not less than 10 DEG C night, in airtight 7 days, do not water;
(10) growth: the fine day in maximum temperature higher than 25 degrees Celsius, 9 of mornings at dusk 4 take off film and ventilate, all the other times keep the state of building of roof insulating, humidity is controlled at daytime 60 ~ 80%, night 80 ~ 90%, keep irrigating once for every 3 days lower than the weather of 25 DEG C at the maximum air temperature, keep irrigating once for every two days higher than the weather of 25 degrees Celsius at the maximum air temperature, keep irrigate once every day at the maximum air temperature higher than the weather of 35 degrees Celsius, all irrigate in 6 o'clock early mornings of every day, and every 15 days apply fertilizer once;
(11) bay with tie up climing: field planting is bay after 10 days, adopt flower stand or herringbone, apart from root 5 ~ 10cm, climing stem every 2 or 3 joints are tied up once, the stem that prevents from fraying is climing and stem is climing sagging, should tie up in the afternoon climingly, the climing more crisp frangibility of stem in morning, ties up once climing in every 2 or 3 days during this period;
(12) prune and pinch off young shoots: for its all lateral bine of the climing removal of master of knot melon, after knot melon, staying one to two leaf to pinch off young shoots for the lateral bine of knot melon, destroy all tendrils, while exceeding frame head for stem is climing, also should pinch off young shoots in time, and destroy in time the sick Lao Ye of bottom;
(13) yield positive results the phase: artificial insemination, at fine day point in the mornings 9, take the male flower of new opening, remove petal, stamen is put on female flower style gently, every many male flowers can be smeared female flower more than 8 ~ 10, every 5 days in the morning 8 water once, per weekly apply fertilizer once, if there is curved melon, sick melon or unnecessary little melon, in time by its excision;
(14) fruit picking: pluck in time after fruit maturation.
CN201410288449.2A 2014-06-25 2014-06-25 Cucumber planting method Pending CN104067811A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105027921A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-11 天长市翔净蔬菜种植发展有限公司 Non-pollution cultivation method of tender cucumbers in greenhouse
CN105075585A (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-11-25 安徽博发文化生态园有限公司 Planting method for improving cucumber output
CN105123182A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-09 天长市翔净蔬菜种植发展有限公司 Fruit cucumber greenhouse micro-spray irrigation cultivation method
CN105230332A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-13 河北科技师范学院 Method for efficient induction of generation of cucumber super ovaries
CN105660155A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 太仓市东泾农场专业合作社 Culture method of cucumbers free of insects and diseases and high in quality
CN105850452A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for planting green pollution-free cucumber
CN105850453A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for high-yield planting of cucumbers in greenhouse in winter
CN106258343A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 贵州省仁怀市欢悦红粱种植有限公司 A kind of cucumber cultivation method
CN106342529A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 茂名市电白区绿缘绿色食品有限公司 Cucumber planting method
CN106386050A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 茂名市电白区绿缘绿色食品有限公司 Planting method for cucumbers
CN107018703A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-08-08 凤阳徽亨商贸有限公司 A kind of green cucumber method of high yield
CN107258267A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-20 合肥助航生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber
CN107540430A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-05 广西柳城县绿之缘生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN107912241A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-04-17 当涂县黄池蔬菜产销专业合作社 A kind of method of winter greenhouse greenhouse gardening cucumber

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105027921A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-11 天长市翔净蔬菜种植发展有限公司 Non-pollution cultivation method of tender cucumbers in greenhouse
CN105123182A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-09 天长市翔净蔬菜种植发展有限公司 Fruit cucumber greenhouse micro-spray irrigation cultivation method
CN105075585A (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-11-25 安徽博发文化生态园有限公司 Planting method for improving cucumber output
CN105230332A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-13 河北科技师范学院 Method for efficient induction of generation of cucumber super ovaries
CN105660155A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-15 太仓市东泾农场专业合作社 Culture method of cucumbers free of insects and diseases and high in quality
CN105850452A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for planting green pollution-free cucumber
CN105850453A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-17 和县天豪蔬菜种植家庭农场 Method for high-yield planting of cucumbers in greenhouse in winter
CN106258343A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 贵州省仁怀市欢悦红粱种植有限公司 A kind of cucumber cultivation method
CN106342529A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 茂名市电白区绿缘绿色食品有限公司 Cucumber planting method
CN106386050A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 茂名市电白区绿缘绿色食品有限公司 Planting method for cucumbers
CN107018703A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-08-08 凤阳徽亨商贸有限公司 A kind of green cucumber method of high yield
CN107258267A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-20 合肥助航生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber
CN107540430A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-05 广西柳城县绿之缘生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN107912241A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-04-17 当涂县黄池蔬菜产销专业合作社 A kind of method of winter greenhouse greenhouse gardening cucumber

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