CN107258267A - A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107258267A
CN107258267A CN201710420052.8A CN201710420052A CN107258267A CN 107258267 A CN107258267 A CN 107258267A CN 201710420052 A CN201710420052 A CN 201710420052A CN 107258267 A CN107258267 A CN 107258267A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
cucumber
oxen
implantation methods
seedbed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710420052.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范子辉
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Hefei Navigation Eco Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
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Hefei Navigation Eco Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710420052.8A priority Critical patent/CN107258267A/en
Publication of CN107258267A publication Critical patent/CN107258267A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, seed selection;Seed soaking;Nursery;The oxen and horses muck Final finishing that becomes thoroughly decomposed entirely will be applied in soil after deep ploughing and goes out seedbed;The cucumber seeds after seed soaking are sowed in seedbed, after planting the plastic covering film after soil surface spills plant ash, watering;Site preparation;Transplant planting;After seedling age 18 20 days, by the seedling replanting in seedbed to whole good plot;Bay;Bay is carried out using flower stand or herringbone frame;Water and fertilizer management;Topdressed once, irrigated after topdressing every 67 days after definite value;Harvesting;Plucked after cucumber is ripe.Present invention improves the quality of soil in greenhouse, cucumber planting percent and yield greatly improved.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural monitoring field, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber.
Background technology
The ecological agriculture is a new stage of agricultural development, the current ecological agriculture showed scale, maximization, Specialized trend.Requirement of the ecological agriculture to environment is higher, fast and accurately monitoring soil moisture content and the soil moisture etc. Factor, be it is timely carry out Drought analysis, instruct Crop Water-saving Technology to irrigate, the most important element task such as Ensuring Food Safety it One.Modern greenhouse greenhouse by time and space due to not limited, using more and more extensive.
With the fast development of greenhouse cultivation, the long-term culture underglass of earth's surface changes the original ecological environment of soil, its temperature Degree, humidity, illumination, miniclimate etc. all have a very large change, and soil evaporates often in high temperature, high humidity, height, drenched without rainwater In molten environment, people often blindly apply fertilizer produce in addition in, and the physicochemical character and biological characteristics of soil generate very big Change, especially soil salt table product phenomenon substantially, cause soil secondary salinization, the MAIN SOILS produced into booth vegetable Obstruction factor.The soil salinization refers to that solubility salt is migrated with water and accumulated to top layer in soil, the process that content exceedes.
The soil salinization not only makes the true phosphate content of vegetables exceeded, and murder by poisoning is produced to human body, and the sugared nitrogen of plant is than reduction, Occur beneficial to disease, reduce chemical fertilizer utilization ratio, reduce output ratio, cause soil and surface water pollution, dislike ecological environment Change, decline in benefits.And current people plant cucumber during, mostly using traditional planting patterns, for example furrow irrigation, furrow The traditional irrigation modes such as filling, because vegetables are fertilizer-favorable plants, to meet the uptake characters of vegetables, are largely used in planting process Chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer, considerably beyond the uptake of vegetables in itself, cause soil salt to increase.And the soil salinization can cause cucumber Emergence rate it is low, the survival rate reduction of seedling during implanting and cultivating, cucumber seedling is fragile during cucumber grows up, and growth is slow Slowly, the problem of yield reduction.Therefore, how to find a kind of implantation methods of new plastic tent cucumber is to be currently needed for asking for solution Topic.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, solves due to the salt marsh of greenhouse gardening soil Slow-growing, the problem of quality and yield decline caused by changing.
The present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, wherein, comprise the following steps:
(1) choose seeds;Selection yield is high, resistance against diseases is strong, the cucumber seeds of quality better;
(2) soak seed;Cucumber seeds are put into 50-55 DEG C of warm water and soaked 30-35 minutes, after being wrapped up after pulling out with wet cloth Vernalization in 30-35 DEG C of temperature is put into, seed is sowed when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally rate up to more than 70%;
(3) nursery;The oxen and horses muck Final finishing that becomes thoroughly decomposed entirely will be applied in soil after deep ploughing and goes out seedbed;Sowed in seedbed Cucumber seeds after seed soaking, after planting the plastic covering film after soil surface spills plant ash, watering;
(4) site preparation:Wheat stalk is coated with the soil surface in greenhouse after crushing, and is placed 30-45 days after watering;Plough deeply soil Earth, and the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is applied, divulge information 3-7 days;Desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85-1.2t·hm-2;After smooth soil, build field furrow and excavate gutter, field furrow width 20-30cm, height 20-30cm;Even It is continuous to pour permeable irrigate 3-4 times;Covering with ground sheeting, and lay hose type drip irrigation belt under mulch film;
(5) transplant planting;After seedling age 18-20 days, by the seedling replanting in seedbed to whole good plot;
(6) bay;Bay is carried out using flower stand or herringbone frame;
(7) water and fertilizer management;Topdressed once, irrigated after topdressing every 6-7 days after definite value;
(8) harvest;Plucked after cucumber is ripe.
It is preferred that, the depth for ploughing deeply soil is 35-40cm.
It is preferred that, when the step (4) applies oxen and horses muck, be mixed into biogas residue, biogas slurry in oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck with Biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1.
It is preferred that, the fertilizer topdressed is duck excrement, oxen and horses excrement, biogas residue, biogas slurry by weight 1:3:1:2 are mixed.
It is preferred that, using grou1ndwater irrigation.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The compound organic fertilizer that the present invention is combined using stalk, oxen and horses muck, biogas residue, biogas slurry etc., during using manure fermentation The humic acid of generation is improved to soil, while improving the fertility of soil, promotes plant growth.Using the method for the present invention, The soil salinization can be effectively controlled, compared with soil in the green house of vegetables without use the inventive method, the present invention can drop The low 60-80% soil salinization.The reduction of the degree of salinity of plastic shed soil, solves soil hardening, permeable breathable poor The problem of, cucumber plant is fully absorbed nutrition, the survival rate for improving the emergence rate of cucumber and transplanting, in cucumber growth Period, seedlings root is flourishing, and growth is quick, output increased.
Embodiment
The present invention provides a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, comprises the following steps:
(1) choose seeds;Selection yield is high, resistance against diseases is strong, the cucumber seeds of quality better;
(2) soak seed;Cucumber seeds are put into 50-55 DEG C of warm water and soaked 30-35 minutes, after being wrapped up after pulling out with wet cloth Vernalization in 30-35 DEG C of temperature is put into, seed is sowed when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally rate up to more than 70%;
(3) nursery;The oxen and horses muck Final finishing that becomes thoroughly decomposed entirely will be applied in soil after deep ploughing and goes out seedbed;Sowed in seedbed Cucumber seeds after seed soaking, after planting the plastic covering film after soil surface spills plant ash, watering;
(4) site preparation:Wheat stalk is coated with the soil surface in greenhouse after crushing, and is placed 30-45 days after watering;Plough deeply soil Earth, and the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is applied, divulge information 3-7 days;Desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85-1.2t·hm-2;After smooth soil, build field furrow and excavate gutter, field furrow width 20-30cm, height 20-30cm;Even It is continuous to pour permeable irrigate 3-4 times;Covering with ground sheeting, and lay hose type drip irrigation belt under mulch film;
(5) transplant planting;After seedling age 18-20 days, by the seedling replanting in seedbed to whole good plot;
(6) bay;Bay is carried out using flower stand or herringbone frame;
(7) water and fertilizer management;Topdressed once, irrigated after topdressing every 6-7 days after definite value;
(8) harvest;Plucked after cucumber is ripe.
A variety of multimodal reduction soil salinization problems are gathered during site preparation of the present invention, are coated with using stalk in soil table Face, and water acceleration stalk rot, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of wheat stalk is larger, wheat stalk in soil rot decompose process In, edaphon secures nutrient ion in part in soil, causes soil nutrient ion concentration to decline, and reduces the soil salinization Process.Continuously pour permeable 3-4 times prior to seeding simultaneously, the salinity of native table is diluted, excess salt flows into gutter with water Discharge, alleviates the salt concentration around root system.The reduction of the degree of salinity of plastic shed soil, solves soil hardening, permeable The problem of poor air permeability, cucumber plant is set to fully absorb nutrition, the survival rate for improving the emergence rate of cucumber and transplanting, During cucumber growth, seedlings root is flourishing, and growth is quick, output increased.
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment provides a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, comprises the following steps:
(1) choose seeds;Selection yield is high, resistance against diseases is strong, the cucumber seeds of quality better;
(2) soak seed;Cucumber seeds are put into 50-55 DEG C of warm water and soaked 30-35 minutes, after being wrapped up after pulling out with wet cloth Vernalization in 30-35 DEG C of temperature is put into, seed is sowed when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally rate up to more than 70%;
(3) nursery;The oxen and horses muck Final finishing that becomes thoroughly decomposed entirely will be applied in soil after deep ploughing and goes out seedbed;Sowed in seedbed Cucumber seeds after seed soaking, after planting the plastic covering film after soil surface spills plant ash, watering;
(4) site preparation:Wheat stalk is coated with the soil surface in greenhouse after crushing, and is placed 30 days after watering;Soil is ploughed deeply, and The oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is applied, is divulged information 3-7 days;Desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.9thm-2;After smooth soil, build field furrow and excavate gutter, field furrow width 26cm, height 26cm;Continuously pour permeable irrigate 3 times;Ground Film is covered, and lays hose type drip irrigation belt under mulch film;When applying oxen and horses muck, biogas residue, biogas slurry, the oxen and horses are mixed into oxen and horses muck Muck and biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1;
(5) transplant planting;After seedling age 18-20 days, by the seedling replanting in seedbed to whole good plot;
(6) bay;Bay is carried out using flower stand or herringbone frame;
(7) water and fertilizer management;Topdressed once, irrigated after topdressing every 6-7 days after definite value;
(8) harvest;Plucked after cucumber is ripe.
The carbon-nitrogen ratio of wheat stalk is larger, while being also the important sources of potash fertilizer, is coated with after wheat stalk is crushed Soil surface, and the acceleration stalk that waters is rotten, in the rotten decomposable process of stalk, edaphon secures part nutrient in soil Ion, causes soil nutrient ion concentration to decline, and reduces Soil Salinization Process.
Soil is ploughed deeply, the thin rake of deep ploughing effectively prevent soil hardening, improve soil granular structure, strengthens permeable breathable, Improved soil character, retain water and nutrients, reduction salinity harm.The oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is applied in soil is ploughed deeply, soil is added The content of organic matter of earth, the mixing of stalk and oxen and horses muck improves soil environment, promotes the numerous of different soils microbe groups Grow.The oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is in addition to it can be supplied to a number of nutrient of soil, when further being become thoroughly decomposed in soil, soil Microorganism absorbs the nitrogen in soil and temporarily fixed, so as to reduce the salinity of the soil liquid.
Desulfurization gypsum powder, desulfurated plaster Ca are spilled into soil after ploughing deeply2+Replace Na in soil+Ion, while irrigating Under the leaching of water, the improved effect to salt-affected soil is promoted.The amount of application of desulfurated plaster is according to the salt marsh of plastic shed soil Change degree, correspondingly improves or reduces consumption.Continuously pour permeable 3-4 times before field planting simultaneously, the leaching of irrigation water promotes Salt is rushed in water drenching, and the salinity of soil surface is diluted, and excess salt flows into gutter with water and discharged, and alleviates around root system Salt concentration.
Covering with ground sheeting is also used simultaneously, and lays hose type drip irrigation belt under mulch film.It can according to the actual requirements be irrigated, be saved About water consumption.Because canopy temperature is higher, greenhouse internal-external temperature difference is larger, is easily formed and condensed in the presence of high temperature and the temperature difference Water, causes the humidity in canopy larger, and salinity is also risen to earth's surface by the salinity in soil with the process of moisture evaporation, further adds The big salination of soil, therefore the present invention uses covering with ground sheeting, reduces the transpiration of moisture, reduces soil salinization journey Degree.72% soil salinization degree can be reduced using this method, cucumber planting percent and yield are significantly increased.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment provides a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, and embodiment defines plough deeply the depth of soil for 35- 40cm.Soil is ploughed deeply to be conducive to avoiding soil block, improve ventilative water permeability.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment provides a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, is with the difference of embodiment 1, step (4) is applied When entering oxen and horses muck, biogas residue, biogas slurry are mixed into oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck and biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1.Increase Green manure can increase soil organic matter content, improve soil texture and rhizosphere environment, be conducive to the activity of edaphon, from And increase soil fertility, suppress salt accumulation.
Embodiment 4:
The embodiment except using embodiment 1 method in addition to, the fertilizer topdressed be duck excrement, oxen and horses excrement, biogas residue, biogas slurry by weight Part 1:3:1:2 are mixed.Duck excrement, oxen and horses excrement, biogas residue, the decapacitation of biogas slurry mixed fertilizer are provided outside necessary nutrition for cucumber growth, The salination of soil can be reduced.
Embodiment 5:
The embodiment is in addition to using the method for embodiment 1, using grou1ndwater irrigation.Carried out using the low underground water of salt content Agricultural irrigation, can not only filter off the salinity in soil, additionally it is possible to reduce soil hardening, soil protection structure and permeability.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
(1) choose seeds;Selection yield is high, resistance against diseases is strong, the cucumber seeds of quality better;
(2) soak seed;Cucumber seeds are put into 50-55 DEG C of warm water and soaked 30-35 minutes, is put into after being wrapped up after pulling out with wet cloth Vernalization in 30-35 DEG C of temperature, seed is sowed when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally rate up to more than 70%;
(3) nursery;The oxen and horses muck Final finishing that becomes thoroughly decomposed entirely will be applied in soil after deep ploughing and goes out seedbed;Seed soaking is sowed in seedbed Cucumber seeds afterwards, after planting the plastic covering film after soil surface spills plant ash, watering;
(4) site preparation:Wheat stalk is coated with the soil surface in greenhouse after crushing, and is placed 30-45 days after watering;Soil is ploughed deeply, and The oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is applied, is divulged information 3-7 days;Desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85- 1.2t·hm-2;After smooth soil, build field furrow and excavate gutter, field furrow width 20-30cm, height 20-30cm;Continuously pour It is permeable to irrigate 3-4 times;Covering with ground sheeting, and lay hose type drip irrigation belt under mulch film;
(5) transplant planting;After seedling age 18-20 days, by the seedling replanting in seedbed to whole good plot;
(6) bay;Bay is carried out using flower stand or herringbone frame;
(7) water and fertilizer management;Topdressed once, irrigated after topdressing every 6-7 days after definite value;
(8) harvest;Plucked after cucumber is ripe.
2. the implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The depth for ploughing deeply soil is 35- 40cm。
3. the implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step (4) applies oxen and horses excrement When fertile, biogas residue, biogas slurry are mixed into oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck and biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1.
4. the implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fertilizer topdressed be duck excrement, Oxen and horses excrement, biogas residue, biogas slurry by weight 1:3:1:2 are mixed.
5. the implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Using grou1ndwater irrigation.
CN201710420052.8A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of implantation methods of plastic tent cucumber Pending CN107258267A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107980446A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-04 黄山六百里猴魁茶业股份有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of ecological tea
CN108450075A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-08-28 上海交通大学 A method of utilizing desulfurized gesso of flue gas recuperated vegetable plastic shed soil
CN108633560A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-10-12 泰州市蒲公英农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of low cost fruit and vegetable greenhouses continuous cropping implantation methods
CN110291940A (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-10-01 陕西彬翔农业科技有限公司 High temperature difference cool area improve green cucumber economic benefit method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103214321A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-07-24 河北省农林科学院滨海农业研究所 Method for adjusting and restoring seashore saline soil by brackish water
CN103798022A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-21 和县常久农业发展有限公司 Planting method for cucumbers
CN104067811A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-10-01 青岛博洋生物技术有限公司 Cucumber planting method
CN105165331A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-23 兴业县葵阳镇农业服务中心 Cucumber planting method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103214321A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-07-24 河北省农林科学院滨海农业研究所 Method for adjusting and restoring seashore saline soil by brackish water
CN103798022A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-21 和县常久农业发展有限公司 Planting method for cucumbers
CN104067811A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-10-01 青岛博洋生物技术有限公司 Cucumber planting method
CN105165331A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-23 兴业县葵阳镇农业服务中心 Cucumber planting method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107980446A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-04 黄山六百里猴魁茶业股份有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of ecological tea
CN108450075A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-08-28 上海交通大学 A method of utilizing desulfurized gesso of flue gas recuperated vegetable plastic shed soil
CN108633560A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-10-12 泰州市蒲公英农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of low cost fruit and vegetable greenhouses continuous cropping implantation methods
CN110291940A (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-10-01 陕西彬翔农业科技有限公司 High temperature difference cool area improve green cucumber economic benefit method

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Application publication date: 20171020