CN103460967A - Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes - Google Patents

Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103460967A
CN103460967A CN2013104482225A CN201310448222A CN103460967A CN 103460967 A CN103460967 A CN 103460967A CN 2013104482225 A CN2013104482225 A CN 2013104482225A CN 201310448222 A CN201310448222 A CN 201310448222A CN 103460967 A CN103460967 A CN 103460967A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ridge
film
micro
furrow
dry farming
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013104482225A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103460967B (en
Inventor
秦永林
贾立国
崔亚超
杜文亮
樊明寿
张子义
陈杨
陈伟
常荣
韩恒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Inner Mongolia Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Inner Mongolia Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Inner Mongolia Agricultural University filed Critical Inner Mongolia Agricultural University
Priority to CN201310448222.5A priority Critical patent/CN103460967B/en
Publication of CN103460967A publication Critical patent/CN103460967A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103460967B publication Critical patent/CN103460967B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Protection Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes. The method comprises the following steps: (a) ditching and fertilizing; (b) seeding; (c) ridging; (d) spraying herbicides; (e) laying films; (f) repeating the steps (a) to (e). According to the method, one-film double-ridge is adopted, so that the inter-line land exposed area during single-line film mulching is reduced, and the invalid evaporation loss of soil moisture is lowered effectively.

Description

The micro-ridge of dry farming potato overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, relate to the micro-ridge of a kind of dry farming potato overlay film side and broadcast agricultural method.
 
Background technology
More than 140 in whole world country's plantations of potato are to be only second to paddy rice, wheat, the corn the fourth-largest cereal crops in the world afterwards.It both can be used as grain, also can be used as vegetables.In China, main production area is distributed in the provinces and regions such as Heilungkiang, Hebei, Shanxi, the Inner Mongol, Ningxia, Gansu.And these provinces and regions majorities are arid or semiarid zone, how put aside water in the sky, keep moisture in the soil in ground and produce significant for the potato of improving combined task.Existing savings water in the sky, to keep the main method of moisture in the soil in ground be ridging, overlay film, yet instantly also rest on the stage that artificial enforcement completes, manually implemented, the inconvenience, labour intensity of fetching earth is large, potato kind location is difficult, production efficiency is low, thereby is necessary to provide a kind of cultivation method that agronomy, agricultural machinery are merged.
 
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the defect of prior art, the invention provides the micro-ridge of a kind of dry farming potato overlay film side and broadcast agricultural method.Technical scheme of the present invention is: the micro-ridge of a kind of dry farming potato overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, comprises the following steps:
A, ditching-fertilizing;
B, sowing;
C, ridging;
D, spraying herbicide;
E, plastic film mulch;
F, repeating step a-e.
Described ditching-fertilizing step a is: on whole good soil, utilize applicator boot to output two row at a distance of 600mm, apart from the dressing furrow of the dark 130mm in ground, by the fertilizer drilling in dressing furrow.
Described sowing step b is: utilize seed opener to output respectively the kind ditch apart from the dark 80mm in ground at the 170mm place of every a line dressing furrow arranged on left and right sides, sowing mechanism is by the program request of potato kind in kind of ditch, and according to the program request of " product " font, cave is apart from 270mm.
Described ridging step c is: utilize disk covering blade and ridging shovel to dressing furrow, kind ditch earthing, a line dressing furrow with and the kind ditch of the left and right sides form a ridge, two ridges have so just once been formed, form little furrow between two ridges that once form, reshaper is to ridge face shaping, the ridge bottom width 500mm on each ridge, the high 120mm in ridge, the width of little furrow is 100mm, and the potato kind on each ridge is distributed in the both sides on ridge.
Form large furrow between two ridges of two ridges of once-forming and adjacent once-forming, the width of large furrow is 300mm.
Described plastic film mulch step e is: film-laying-out mechanism is layered on the mulch film of wide 1700mm on two ridges of once-forming, in the middle of film, with pressing wheel, compresses and prick water seepage hole, the covering of fetching earth from the place ahead of mulch film simultaneously; Left and right film spreading wheel stretches mulch film, and left and right ploughshare formula covering blade is to film both sides earthing.
 
Advantage of the present invention is:
(1) this agricultural method adopts the two ridges of a film, has reduced single file overlay film soil bare area in the ranks, effectively reduces the loss of soil moisture invalid evaporation.
(2) on ridge, overlay film can make effective enrichment rainwater between ridge, especially the invalid rainfall below 10mm can be collected, and bottom surface, ridge moisture is multiplied.The potato piece, in the sowing of face bottom side, ridge, has been overcome to the inferior position that ridge upper seeding wheel potato root tissue water status absorption difficulty and trench sowing make stem tuber and root growth soil layer.
(3) this agricultural method is irrigated the enrichment rainwater and the overlay film effect is integrated together cleverly, played membrane area rain, cover press down steaming, the furrow side is broadcast the effect that (realization utilizes invalid precipitation effectively to irrigate) technology combines together.Effectively promoted the potato growth growth, favourable middle-late ripening variety performance productive potential, yield increasing effect is very remarkable.
(4) by the disposable agronomic measures that completes ditching-fertilizing, sowing, ridging, spray medicine, overlay film, not only reduced peasant's workload, saved human and material resources, alleviated the erosion to bare soil of wind, water, improved soil fertility, the generation of having controlled sand and dust, obtained the doulbe-sides' victory of economy and ecological benefits, is a kind of new method of agricultural synthesis drought resisting.
 
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is partial schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the cross section (ridge) of Fig. 1.
 
Embodiment
Further describe the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment, advantage and disadvantage of the present invention will be more clear along with description.But these embodiment are only exemplary, scope of the present invention are not formed to any restriction.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that lower without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention and can modify or replace details and the form of technical solution of the present invention, but these modifications and replacement all fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the present invention relates to the micro-ridge of a kind of dry farming potato overlay film side and broadcast agricultural method, comprise the following steps:
A, ditching-fertilizing in order to guarantee fertilising and sowing effect, carried out meticulous whole ground before ditching-fertilizing, and the lump of earth of raking, make loosing soil, keeps soil from packing together, and is conducive to absorption and the seed sprouting of moisture; On whole good soil, utilize applicator boot output two row at a distance of 600mm, apart from ground the dressing furrow 3 of 1 dark 130mm, by the fertilizer drilling in dressing furrow 3;
B, sowing, utilize seed opener to output respectively the kind ditch apart from the dark 80mm in ground at the 170mm place of every a line dressing furrow 3 arranged on left and right sides, and sowing mechanism is by the program request of potato kind in kind of ditch 2, and according to the program request of " product " font, cave is apart from 270mm;
C, ridging, utilize disk covering blade and ridging shovel to dressing furrow 3, kind ditch 2 earthing, a line dressing furrow 3 with and the kind ditch 2 of the left and right sides form ridges 4, so just once formed two ridges, formed little furrow between two ridges that once form, reshaper is to ridge face shaping, the ridge bottom width 500mm on each ridge, the high 120mm in ridge, the width of little furrow is 100mm, the potato kind on each ridge is distributed in the both sides on ridge.
D, spraying herbicide, chemical spraying mechanism by herbicide spray on the face of ridge;
E, plastic film mulch, film-laying-out mechanism is layered on the mulch film of wide 1700mm on two ridges of once-forming, in the middle of film, with pressing wheel, compresses and prick water seepage hole, the covering of fetching earth from the place ahead of mulch film simultaneously; Left and right film spreading wheel stretches mulch film, and left and right ploughshare formula covering blade is to film both sides earthing;
F, repeating step a-e.The direction of arrow in Fig. 1 means the direct of travel of tractor, and the long measure in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is mm.Wherein, between two ridges of two ridges of once-forming and adjacent once-forming, form large furrow, the width of large furrow is 300mm.The kind ditch distance of micro-ridge ditch both sides is 260mm, and the kind ditch distance of large furrow both sides is 460mm.

Claims (6)

1. the micro-ridge of a dry farming potato overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
A, ditching-fertilizing;
B, sowing;
C, ridging;
D, spraying herbicide;
E, plastic film mulch;
F, repeating step a-e.
2. the micro-ridge of dry farming potato according to claim 1 overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, it is characterized in that, described ditching-fertilizing step a is: on whole good soil, utilize applicator boot to output two row at a distance of 600mm, apart from the dressing furrow of the dark 130mm in ground, by the fertilizer drilling in dressing furrow.
3. the micro-ridge of dry farming potato according to claim 2 overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, it is characterized in that, described sowing step b is: utilize seed opener to output respectively the kind ditch apart from the dark 80mm in ground at the 170mm place of every a line dressing furrow arranged on left and right sides, sowing mechanism by the program request of potato kind in kind of ditch, according to the program request of " product " font, cave is apart from 270mm.
4. the micro-ridge of dry farming potato according to claim 3 overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, it is characterized in that, described ridging step c is: utilize disk covering blade and ridging shovel to dressing furrow, kind ditch earthing, a line dressing furrow with and the kind ditch of the left and right sides form a ridge, two ridges have so just once been formed, form little furrow between two ridges that once form, reshaper is to ridge face shaping, the ridge bottom width 500mm on each ridge, the high 120mm in ridge, the width of little furrow is 100mm, and the potato kind on each ridge is distributed in the both sides on ridge.
5. the micro-ridge of dry farming potato according to claim 1 overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, it is characterized in that, between two ridges of two ridges of once-forming and adjacent once-forming, forms large furrow, and the width of large furrow is 300mm.
6. the micro-ridge of dry farming potato according to claim 4 overlay film side is broadcast agricultural method, it is characterized in that, described plastic film mulch step e is: film-laying-out mechanism is layered on the mulch film of wide 1700mm on two ridges of once-forming, compress and prick water seepage hole with pressing wheel in the middle of film, the covering of fetching earth from the place ahead of mulch film simultaneously; Left and right film spreading wheel stretches mulch film, and left and right ploughshare formula covering blade is to film both sides earthing.
CN201310448222.5A 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes Expired - Fee Related CN103460967B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310448222.5A CN103460967B (en) 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310448222.5A CN103460967B (en) 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103460967A true CN103460967A (en) 2013-12-25
CN103460967B CN103460967B (en) 2015-04-08

Family

ID=49786213

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310448222.5A Expired - Fee Related CN103460967B (en) 2013-09-27 2013-09-27 Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103460967B (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103733857A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-23 董金锋 High-yield potato cultivating method
CN104221682A (en) * 2014-09-19 2014-12-24 甘肃农业大学 Dry-land potato mechanized full-film furrow-ridge cultivating method
CN105706649A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 吕汰 Method for interplanting cultivation of potatoes and corn in dry mountain land
CN106472092A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-03-08 西昌学院 One kind safely and efficiently potato sowing method
CN108029484A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-15 山西省农业科学院高寒区作物研究所 A kind of anti drought cultivation method of potato
CN108668582A (en) * 2018-03-17 2018-10-19 定西市种子管理站 A kind of new-type fertilizer compounding application method in the full film potato planting in Dryland
CN110326495A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-15 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of ramie planting and harvesting method
CN110352805A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-10-22 山东省蚕业研究所 Film-covering planting method in a kind of quinoa spring early sowing ditch suitable for beach saline land
CN110447490A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-15 刘昭明 The method of Potato Multiple Cropping herbage
CN112881309A (en) * 2021-02-06 2021-06-01 内蒙古农业大学 Establishment method of potato leaf nitrogen detection model and detection method of potato leaf nitrogen
CN113040014A (en) * 2021-03-08 2021-06-29 宁夏佳立马铃薯产业有限公司 Membrane rain accumulation method based on potato ridge planting
CN115868382A (en) * 2023-01-06 2023-03-31 山西农业大学棉花研究所 Sweet potato full-film covering early-maturing cultivation method suitable for northern sweet potato areas

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100552093B1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-02-14 주식회사농심 Method of potato cultivation in autumn
RU2302725C2 (en) * 2005-05-23 2007-07-20 Николай Васильевич Евграфов Method for planting and cultivation of potato
RU2349068C1 (en) * 2007-07-04 2009-03-20 ФГОУ ВПО Уральская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия (УрГСХА) Method of potato growing in two-field crop rotation
CN101878716A (en) * 2010-06-25 2010-11-10 内蒙古农业大学 Potato infiltrating irrigation growing method
CN202551653U (en) * 2012-01-02 2012-11-28 闫锦瑞 Mulching, fertilizing and ridge-tillage seeder for potato
CN103120106A (en) * 2011-11-20 2013-05-29 孙秀芝 W-shaped laminating cultivation structure suitable for cold highland area planted crops
CN203027691U (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-07-03 甘肃农业大学 Full film double-furrow seeder for potatoes
CN103190261A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-10 内蒙古农业大学 Mulching method for dry-farmed potatoes

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100552093B1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-02-14 주식회사농심 Method of potato cultivation in autumn
RU2302725C2 (en) * 2005-05-23 2007-07-20 Николай Васильевич Евграфов Method for planting and cultivation of potato
RU2349068C1 (en) * 2007-07-04 2009-03-20 ФГОУ ВПО Уральская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия (УрГСХА) Method of potato growing in two-field crop rotation
CN101878716A (en) * 2010-06-25 2010-11-10 内蒙古农业大学 Potato infiltrating irrigation growing method
CN103120106A (en) * 2011-11-20 2013-05-29 孙秀芝 W-shaped laminating cultivation structure suitable for cold highland area planted crops
CN202551653U (en) * 2012-01-02 2012-11-28 闫锦瑞 Mulching, fertilizing and ridge-tillage seeder for potato
CN203027691U (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-07-03 甘肃农业大学 Full film double-furrow seeder for potatoes
CN103190261A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-10 内蒙古农业大学 Mulching method for dry-farmed potatoes

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
康清华等: ""2BSMX-2 型马铃薯种植铺膜联合作业机设计与使用"", 《农业机械》, no. 10, 28 October 2011 (2011-10-28), pages 65 - 66 *

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103733857A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-23 董金锋 High-yield potato cultivating method
CN104221682A (en) * 2014-09-19 2014-12-24 甘肃农业大学 Dry-land potato mechanized full-film furrow-ridge cultivating method
CN104221682B (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-06-22 甘肃农业大学 The full film ditch ridge cultivating method of dry farming Potato Mechanization
CN105706649A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 吕汰 Method for interplanting cultivation of potatoes and corn in dry mountain land
CN106472092A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-03-08 西昌学院 One kind safely and efficiently potato sowing method
CN108029484A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-05-15 山西省农业科学院高寒区作物研究所 A kind of anti drought cultivation method of potato
CN108668582A (en) * 2018-03-17 2018-10-19 定西市种子管理站 A kind of new-type fertilizer compounding application method in the full film potato planting in Dryland
CN110326495A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-15 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 A kind of ramie planting and harvesting method
CN110326495B (en) * 2019-08-15 2021-08-24 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Ramie planting and harvesting method
CN110352805A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-10-22 山东省蚕业研究所 Film-covering planting method in a kind of quinoa spring early sowing ditch suitable for beach saline land
CN110447490A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-15 刘昭明 The method of Potato Multiple Cropping herbage
CN112881309A (en) * 2021-02-06 2021-06-01 内蒙古农业大学 Establishment method of potato leaf nitrogen detection model and detection method of potato leaf nitrogen
CN113040014A (en) * 2021-03-08 2021-06-29 宁夏佳立马铃薯产业有限公司 Membrane rain accumulation method based on potato ridge planting
CN115868382A (en) * 2023-01-06 2023-03-31 山西农业大学棉花研究所 Sweet potato full-film covering early-maturing cultivation method suitable for northern sweet potato areas

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103460967B (en) 2015-04-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103460967B (en) Micro-ridge film-mulched side-sown agronomic method for dry farming potatoes
CN104221682B (en) The full film ditch ridge cultivating method of dry farming Potato Mechanization
CN103348855A (en) Method for planting crops in saline and alkaline land
CN103314764B (en) Furrow, film, ridge and straw combined type mulching cultivation method for crops
CN105191654A (en) Intercropping cultivation method of corn and rice beans
CN101107909A (en) Furrow drilling cultural technique of corps
CN105230319A (en) High-yield planting method for pumpkins
CN103299817A (en) Protective culture method for houttuynia cordata
CN105165337A (en) Pollution-free fresh-eating sweet maize planting method
CN102948317A (en) Corn drip irrigation cultivation method
CN107295876A (en) A kind of applicable semiarid region soil wheel ploughs corn planting method
CN108739207A (en) Flue-cured tobacco drought resisting and water saving cultivation method
CN105706690A (en) Water and fertilizer integrated planting method for potatoes in Yunnan in winter
CN104871765A (en) Angelica dahurica planting technique
CN103988665A (en) Sugar cane planting method
CN103348859A (en) No-tillage water-saving cotton seeding method
CN106613293A (en) Autumn film mulching planting method of spring peanuts
CN1136764C (en) Rice transplanting dry farming cultivation method
CN109005818B (en) Straw-covered novel comprehensive cultivation method for tillage soil preparation, no-tillage water replenishing, seeding and seedling protection
CN109169111A (en) A kind of potato Biodegradable mulch mulching plant method
CN105493821A (en) Method for planting rivier giantarum rhizome through ditching, film laying and ridging
CN107771635A (en) The Techniques in Dry-farming Areas micro- furrow of full film broadcasts broad bean and stays film Non-ploughing dibble sowing flax cultivation method
CN107494134A (en) A kind of film-covering planting method built suitable for new tea place
CN104641895A (en) Potato flat-planting mulching film self-breaking seedling emergence cultivation method
CN105284328B (en) A kind of Radix Codonopsis plastic film method of suitable Drought Mountain Area

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150408

Termination date: 20200927