CN105191654A - Intercropping cultivation method of corn and rice beans - Google Patents

Intercropping cultivation method of corn and rice beans Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105191654A
CN105191654A CN201510727511.8A CN201510727511A CN105191654A CN 105191654 A CN105191654 A CN 105191654A CN 201510727511 A CN201510727511 A CN 201510727511A CN 105191654 A CN105191654 A CN 105191654A
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corn
rice bean
fertilizer
rice
cultivation
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宋凤斌
曹庆军
朱先灿
刘胜群
刘景双
王洋
齐晓宁
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Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
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Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses an intercropping cultivation method of corn and rice beans, and relates to a cultivation method of the corn and the rice beans. The invention aims to solve the problems that accumulated temperature of a high latitude area in northeast is insufficient, the growth period is short, the yield and plant benefit are low, and the farming enthusiasm of peasant is poor under an existing planting pattern. The intercropping cultivation method comprises the steps of 1, plowing in autumn, harrowing and careful soil preparation; 2, selection of improved varieties; 3, seed treatment; 4, timely sowing and reasonable close planting; 5, field layout of intercropping cultivation method of the corn and the rice beans; 6, scientific field management; 7, timely harvest. According to the intercropping cultivation method disclosed by the invention, 2000 to 3000kg of clean production rice beans per hectare is increased under the situation that the yield of the corn is not reduced, the yield of crops and the benefits in a unit area are significantly improved, and the advantages of increasing production and increasing efficiency are obvious. The intercropping cultivation method of the corn and the rice beans is applied to the field of crop planting.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of corn and rice bean intercropping
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of a kind of corn and rice bean.
Background technology
Corn (ZeamaysL.) is not only important cereal crops, forage crop, and is important energy crop, and the status in China's grain-production will be more and more important.Can accelerate to get rid of vivotoxin containing a large amount of plant celluloses in corn, wherein natural VE has the function promoting cell division, delay senility, reduce serum cholesterol, prevent cutaneous lesions, has become a kind of health food of hot topic.Rice bean has another name called meal cowpea, meter Dou, Gan Dou, white peas or beans etc., and to eat beans, its nutrient component is quite abundant, can be used as faric or cooks, rice bean of thus gaining the name; The same with other leguminous plant, rice bean root system has rhizobium, has nitrogen fixation, is one of desirable crop of intercropping.
Under conventional cultivation mode, 1 year cultivated land district corn and rice bean mostly are monocrop continuous cropping, and cultivated land district mostly is the planting type of crop rotation more than a year.Long-term continuous cropping causes soil physical and chemical property to run down due to allelopathy, is unfavorable for the growth of same origin, and Different Crop intercropping, continuous cropping obstacle can be overcome to a certain extent, reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect.As, spring corn growing area northeastward, the mode of spring corn and rain fed crops rice bean many employings nonoculture, and be continuous cropping all the year round, the longlyest even reach most 30 years, the obstacles that continuous cropping brings, as damage by disease and insect increase the weight of, soil secondary salinization and acidifying, plant Auto toxicity etc. make the ecotope of crop-planting constantly worsen, and also governs the raising of output.
But no matter be the little line-spacing implantation methods of the many employings in Nian Yishu district, northeast one or Huang-Huai-Hai Duo Shu district, the Planting Row Distance of corn mostly is 58 ~ 65cm, and rice bean Planting Row Distance is at 70 ~ 100cm.So even ridge monocrop plantation mode, make plant population blade serious shielding, particularly for the tall and big crop of the plant types such as corn, to the intensified competition of natural resources and soil moisture, nutrient between late growth stage individuality, easy generation early ageing, seriously constrains the utilization ratio with resources such as agriculture light, heat of building up of grain yield.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is under will solving existing planting patterns, and high latitude area, northeast accumulated temperature is not enough, breeding time is short, output and planting benefit is low, peasant plants ground enthusiasm difference problem, provides the cultivation method of a kind of corn and rice bean intercropping.
The cultivation method of corn of the present invention and rice bean intercropping, comprises the following steps:
One, selection of land: select there is source of irrigation water, be rich in phosphorus, potassium, strong, the fertile loose loam of moisture capacity or sandy loam plot simultaneously;
Two, the autumn turns over and rakes the soil level, meticulous wholely: in the fall after results, plough deeply thin rake 20 ~ 30cm, make loosing soil, defincienct in the upper and excessive in the lower, winter retains and conserve soil moisture, and is beneficial to emerge;
Three, fine variety production: corn selects that high yield, stable yields, high-quality, disease-resistant, pest-resistant, lodging tolerance are strong, High planting and the good improved seeds of marketing quality; The short climing Dwarf cultivar that beanpod is even, fiber is few, single pod is heavy, product are of fine quality, disease resistance is strong selected by rice bean;
Four, seed treatment: before corn seed is broadcast, is spread out on ground or seat that drying faces south, shines 2 ~ 3 days continuously, often stir seed, shine even, then use seed coat agent Cotton seeds, control soil insect and sprout term disease; Rice bean seed germination needs a large amount of moisture, by seed emerge in worm water 8-10h before therefore broadcasting, then uses the powder of carbendazim sterilizing of grain weight 0.3%;
Five, balance fertilizing: based on fertilizer, base fertilizer, carry out fertilization compositions based on earth measurement, nutrient balance in agricultural land soil of trying hard to keep, chemical fertilizer fertilizing amount is N200kg/ hectare, P 2o 5150kg/ hectare, K 2o180kg/ hectare, nitrogenous fertilizer carries out in the ratio of the mass ratio=5:3:2 of base manure, jointing fertilizer and flower granulated fertilizer; In conjunction with whole, can by decomposed manure by the consumption of 15000 ~ 20000kg/ hectare with chemical fertilizer base fertilizer is disposable prior to seeding applies; Corn topdresses and wants deep placement, applies degree of depth 15cm, and rice bean does not topdress;
Six, begin sowing in good time, rational close planting: corn with 5 ~ 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 ~ 12 DEG C for beginning date of seeding, rice bean with 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 DEG C for beginning date of seeding, but rice bean subjects to damage to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature, should suitable late sowing; Corn planting density is 6.5-7.0 ten thousand strains/hectare, rice bean planting density 4.5 ~ 5.5 ten thousand strains/hectare;
Seven, the field layout of corn and rice bean intercropping culture method: in horizontal layout, plot is made up of multiple " corn/rice bean construction unit ", each " construction unit " comprises a narrow row and a wide row is formed, and narrow row width 30cm, plants two row corns, wide line width 100cm, plant two row rice beans at wide interline, rice bean line-spacing is that 70cm is (as Fig. 1, X represent one " corn/rice bean construction unit ", A is narrow row, and B is wide row).
Eight, science field management: comprise and after planting suppress soil moisture conservation in time, look into and fill the gaps with seedlings and thinning final singling etc., chemical weed control, the timely prevention and control of damage by disease and insect, intertillage etc.Intertillage not only can eliminate weeds, also can abolish soil compaction, chesson, reduces evaporation, improves ground temperature, and can promote that root nodule is movable to rice bean, be important measures of crop yield.
In addition, also comprise and to water in time the measures such as irrigation according to soil moisture content monitoring and the condition such as weather forecast.
Nine, gather in the crops: harvest in proper late can reduce the moisture content of corn kernel in good time, be conducive to storage and final-period management; For rice bean, can gather when tender pod seed starts full, note not damaging infructescence and branches and tendrils during harvesting, plant lower floor pod turns Huang Shiying and gathers in a large number successively.
In the cultivation method of above-mentioned corn and rice bean intercropping, described in step one, selection of land also comprises: select the plot away from urban pollution resource, industrial and mineral, enterprise, village and highway, to reduce harmful rubbish, mud to the direct pollution of rice bean etc.
In the cultivation method of above-mentioned corn and rice bean intercropping, improved seeds are selected also to comprise described in step 3: to go deep into different ecological type growing area and concentrate the system investigation carrying out corn/rice bean Cotton Varieties by Small Farming Households situation, market conditions, sale and storage etc., grasp each region and promote mainly the general performance of kind in production practices, as High planting, lodging resistance, disease resistance, yielding ability, the characteristic such as yield stability and Regional suitability of kind, filter out the resistance of applicable one's respective area ecoclimatic condition, yielding ability, the good kind of yield stability.
In the cultivation method of above-mentioned corn and rice bean intercropping, described in step 5, balance fertilizing also comprises: go deep into different growing area and carry out fertilization compositions based on earth measurement, with the characteristics of soil fertility according to different plot, the fertilising of science is carried out in conjunction with corn, rice bean regulation of fertilizer requirement, improve the utilization ratio of fertilizer, it also avoid the environmental pollution because excessive fertilization causes simultaneously.
In the cultivation method of above-mentioned corn and rice bean intercropping, begin sowing in good time described in step 6, rational close planting also should comprise: rice bean breeding time is at 60-80d, can suitable late sowing, with machinery trench digging or bunch planting during sowing, 3 ~ 4, every cave, seed level 4 ~ 6cm, should cover with moist soil after broadcasting, if soil moisture content is bad, can in conjunction with bed-irrigating sowing.
In the cultivation method of above-mentioned corn and rice bean intercropping, the field layout of corn described in step 7 and rice bean intercropping culture method also comprises: corn 5 ~ 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 ~ 12 DEG C for begin date of seeding, when stablizing by 10 DEG C with 10cm degree of depth ground temperature, it it is date of seeding beginning of rice bean; In view of rice bean is short for breeding time, suitable date of seeding, will be longer than corn, and therefore, arrange the first seeding corn of upper available wide-and narrow-row sower at seeding time, line-spacing is 30cm, and spacing in the rows is 22.0 ~ 23.7cm; Rice bean is after corn seeding, soil water content is 40 ~ 50% of field capacity time, artificial dibbling or miniature seeding machine are sowed, regulate seeding wheel 3 ~ 4, every cave seed, line-spacing 70cm, spacing in the rows is that 25 ~ 30cm is (as Fig. 2, z1 is the spacing in the rows 22.0 ~ 23.7cm of corn, spacing in the rows 25 ~ the 30cm of h1 to be the line-spacing 30cm of corn, z2 be rice bean, h2 is the line-spacing 70cm of rice bean).
The inventive method mainly based on utilizing long-stalked crops corn and the short raw crop rice bean colony complementarity on space structure, being convenient to ventilation and penetrating light, being realized the efficiency utilization to the natural resources such as light, heat; Secondly, consider the nitrogen fixation of corn nitrophilous characteristic and rice bean, the circular regeneration of soil nutrient can be realized, with supporting the sustainable development combining and can realize resource.The breeding time of rice bean is short (general more than 70 days, and soybean was at about 110 days), resistance toly again to cool, strong adaptability, be suitable for, the frost-free season short area plantation that be not suitable for plant soybean on the low side at accumulated temperature, on the basis ensureing corn yield, rice bean can be increased income, thus improve the overall planting benefit of unit are.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. the present invention is based on crop plant type architectural feature, crop-environment interaction effect, optimize Spacing form, agricultural ecological view, the continuable Advanced Idea of green ecological, embody the modern agricultural production feature of " science, ecology, highly efficient and productive ", have simple to operate, applicability is strong, Economic and ecological effects is high, be easy to the features such as acceptance, successful.
2. the present invention is by long-stalked crops corn (250 ~ 340cm), intercropping is carried out with short raw crop rice bean (plant height 50 ~ 70cm), define the space structure layout of " high-low-high ", optimize spatial distribution, be conducive to ventilation, printing opacity, breathe freely; In addition, the rice bean fertility middle and later periods without the need to built, saves loaded down with trivial details operation by corn stem.
3. present invention employs the planting patterns of wide-and narrow-row, narrow row Row spacing of maize 30cm, wide interline plants two row rice beans (line-spacing 70cm), optimizes the configuration of crop in field, defines graceful Farmland Landscape.Compared with nonoculture, the sentiment of people can be moulded, be conducive to beautiful rural construction.
4. present invention employs resistance to close, high yield, stable yields, high-quality, the improved seeds that disease-resistant, pest-resistant, lodging tolerance is strong, corn nonoculture under its planting density and common planting patterns is basically identical, when keeping the corn not underproduction, output and the income of rice bean can be increased, significantly improve output and the benefit of crop in unit are on the whole, increase production and improve productivity with the obvious advantage.
5. present invention employs the method for two kinds of crop interplantings, the nutrient disappearance caused the single absorption of nutrient in soil under avoiding the long-term continuous cropping of monocrop, is conducive to soil ecology functional rehabilitation; On the other hand, this intercropping mode, expands the cultivated area of rain fed crops indirectly, improves the effective supply of current food-processing industry to rain fed crops.
Through using and testing for many years, when keeping the corn not underproduction, per hectare can increase produces rice bean 2000 ~ 3000 kilograms clearly, significantly improves output and the benefit of crop in unit are, increases production and improves productivity with the obvious advantage.
The inventive method is applicable to the region that high latitude area, China northeast or High aititude are suitable for corn, rice bean plantation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is corn rice bean intercropping culture method mode figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is corn of the present invention, rice bean planting spacing schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is not limited to following cited embodiment, also comprises any combination between each embodiment.
Embodiment one: the cultivation method of present embodiment corn and rice bean intercropping, comprises the following steps:
One, the autumn turns over and rakes the soil level, meticulous wholely: in the fall after results, plough deeply thin rake 20 ~ 30cm, winter retains and conserve soil moisture;
Two, fine variety production: corn selects that high yield, stable yields, high-quality, disease-resistant, pest-resistant, lodging tolerance are strong, High planting and the good improved seeds of marketing quality; The short climing Dwarf cultivar that beanpod is even, fiber is few, single pod is heavy, product are of fine quality, disease resistance is strong selected by rice bean;
Three, seed treatment: before corn seed is broadcast, is spread out on ground or seat that drying faces south, shines 2 ~ 3 days continuously, often stir seed, shine even, then use seed coat agent Cotton seeds; Rice bean seed uses emerge in worm water 8-10h before broadcasting, then uses the powder of carbendazim sterilizing of seed quality 0.3%;
Four, begin sowing in good time, rational close planting: corn with 5 ~ 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 ~ 12 DEG C for beginning date of seeding, rice bean with 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 DEG C for beginning date of seeding, corn planting density is 6.5-7.0 ten thousand strains/hectare, rice bean planting density 4.5 ~ 5.5 ten thousand strains/hectare;
Five, the field layout of corn and rice bean intercropping culture method: in horizontal layout, plot is made up of multiple " corn/rice bean construction unit ", each " construction unit " comprises a narrow row and a wide row is formed, narrow row width 30cm, plant two row corns, wide line width 100cm, plants two row rice beans at wide interline, and rice bean line-spacing is 70cm;
Six, science field management: comprise after planting suppress soil moisture conservation, look into that seedling is filled the gaps with seedlings, thinning final singling, chemical weed control, damage by disease and insect prevention and control, intertill and clean tillage and the rational application of fertilizer; Above field management method is existing conventional method;
Seven, gather in the crops: gather when the tender pod seed of rice bean starts full, note during harvesting not damaging infructescence and branches and tendrils, gather in a large number successively when plant lower floor pod turns Huang in good time.
Under present embodiment can solve current corn, rice bean cultivation method, soil nutrient elements consume unbalanced, photo-thermal Water Resources availability is low and low yield before etc. problem, the output of rice bean can be increased again in equal land area, thus add crop yield and planting benefit on the whole.
Embodiment two: present embodiment and embodiment one unlike: in step 2, corn variety is " good beautiful 11 ", " favorable to the people 33 " or " enlightening card 516 ", and percentage of seedgermination >=95%, purity >=98%, cleanliness >=98%; Rice bean kind is " No. 4, Bai Hong " or " No. 5, capital agriculture ".Other is identical with embodiment one.
Embodiment three: present embodiment and embodiment one or two unlike: when in step 4, rice bean is sowed, every cave puts 3 ~ 4, sowing depth 4 ~ 6cm, covers after broadcasting with moist soil.Other is identical with embodiment one or two.
Embodiment four: one of present embodiment and embodiment one to three unlike: in step 4 at seeding time between arrange the first seeding corn of upper wide-and narrow-row sower, Row spacing of maize is 30cm, and spacing in the rows is 22.0 ~ 23.7cm; After corn seeding, when soil water content reaches 40 ~ 50% of field capacity, artificial dibbling or miniature seeding machine carry out sowing rice bean, and rice bean line-spacing is 70cm, and spacing in the rows is 25 ~ 30cm.Other is identical with one of embodiment one to three.
Embodiment five: one of present embodiment and embodiment one to four unlike: apply fertilizer based on fertilizer, base fertilizer in step 6, carry out fertilization compositions based on earth measurement, chemical fertilizer fertilizing amount is N200kg/ hectare, P 2o 5150kg/ hectare, K 2o180kg/ hectare, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer do that base fertilizer is disposable to be applied, and the ratio of the mass ratio=5:3:2 of nitrogenous fertilizer fertile in base manure, jointing in flower granulated fertilizer is carried out; In conjunction with whole, by decomposed manure by the consumption of 15000 ~ 20000kg/ hectare with chemical fertilizer base fertilizer is disposable prior to seeding applies; Corn topdresses and wants deep placement, applies degree of depth 15cm, and rice bean does not topdress.Other is identical with one of embodiment one to four.
For verifying beneficial effect of the present invention, carry out following test:
Embodiment 1:
The corn of the present embodiment and the cultivation method of rice bean intercropping have carried out production test at Baicheng City in Jilin Province's agricultural [technology centre base respectively, and before this base, stubble long-term cropping is corn, more than 20 years of continuous cropping; The upper last month of autumn receives afterwards and ploughs.This region belongs to the continental monsoon climate in temperate zone, sunshine duration 2919h, frost-free season 157d, and sunlight-heat reaources enriches, precipitation 407.9mm, and rainfall is on the low side and season distribution uneven, the plantation of corn, rice bean, is applicable to the enforcement of the inventive method.
The present embodiment material therefor is selected as follows:
Corn variety: corn variety selects that plant type is compact, the good kind of lodging resistance, resistance and yielding ability good beautiful 11, is provided by Shandong Denghai Liangyu Seeds Co., Ltd.; Dwarf cultivar red No. 4 in vain selected by rice bean, provided by Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Baicheng City in Jilin Province.
Corn wide-and narrow-row sower: Jilin Condar 2BZF-2X type tillage-free finger-clamping type precision fertilizing sower, supporting power 22 kilowatts (30 horsepowers) above tractor, hang operation, be applicable to maize straw all standing no-tillage seeding and conventional seed planting, operation line number 2 row.
One, selection of land: select the plot that physical features is smooth, irrigating facility is complete, meadow soil, soil fertility is medium on the lower side.
Two, meticulous wholely; In the fall after results, use 30 horsepowers of tractors to plough deeply 25cm, before sowing the seed in spring, carry out rotary tillage process with Rotary tillage rake, the degree of depth is 10 ~ 15cm, and then utilizes packer to suppress 2 times, and object is the soil density after adjustment rotary tillage, tighten middle Panasonic real, to retain and conserve soil moisture, be beneficial to emerge.
Three, select improved seeds: kind enlightening card 518 selected by corn, purity, cleanliness all >=98%, germination rate >=95%; The short climing Dwarf cultivar of rice bean variety adoption red No. 4 in vain, removing infected seed, blighted grain, Wu Li, stone bean or pea, impurity etc., make seed purity reach 98%, cleanliness >=97%, germination rate >=90%.
Four, seed treatment: before corn seed is broadcast, is spread out on seat that drying faces south, shines 2 days continuously, then reach the seed coat agent Cotton seeds of pesticide producing with eight; Rice bean seed broadcasts front 40 DEG C of emerge in worm water 9h, then uses the powder of carbendazim sterilizing process of grain weight 0.3%.
Five, balance fertilizing: chemical fertilizer fertilizing amount is N200kg/ hectare, P 2o 5150kg/ hectare, K 2o180kg/ hectare, nitrogenous fertilizer is in base manure: jointing is fertile: flower granulated fertilizer=5:3:2 ratio is carried out; During spring rotary tillage ground, by the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed by the consumption of 18000kg/ hectare with chemical fertilizer base fertilizer is disposable applies; Corn 8 leaf stretching period and flowering stage respectively topdress once, degree of depth 15cm.
Six, begin sowing in good time, rational close planting: corn is in sowing on May 10, and rice bean was sowed May 17; Corn is kept a full stand of seedings density 6.8 ten thousand strains/hectare, and rice bean is kept a full stand of seedings density 4.5 ten thousand strains/hectare.
Seven, the field layout of corn and rice bean intercropping culture method: in horizontal layout, plot is made up of multiple " corn/rice bean construction unit ", each " construction unit " comprises a narrow row and a wide row is formed, narrow row width 30cm, plant two row corns, wide line width 100cm, plants two row rice beans at wide interline, and rice bean line-spacing is 70cm (Fig. 1).
Eight, science field management: owing to having carried out soil rotary tillage before corn seeding, after planting can utilize the less packer of wide cut to suppress, to ensure Phase ofsprouting and quality of emerging; Rice bean carries out once shallow shoveling in 5 leaf phases, and 7 leaf phases and pod phase spray 600 times of liquid 75% tpns respectively.
Nine, gather in the crops: corn entered physiological maturity September 24, gathered in the crops October 10 in good time; Rice bean, September 8 can gather when tender pod seed starts full, was divided into 3 times and gathered.
The cultivation method of corn rice bean two kinds of crop interplantings, through this several years using and testing of inventor, when keeping the corn not underproduction, per hectare can increase produces rice bean 2000 ~ 3000 kilograms clearly, significantly improve output and the benefit of crop in unit are, increase production and improve productivity with the obvious advantage, simultaneously, because rice bean root nodule has nitrogen fixation, long-term recovery and the lifting adopting this cultivation method to be conducive to soil fertility (mainly nitrogen).
Can realize based on current agricultural machinery based on the corn of this method, the operation of rice bean production farming, substantially achieve entire mechanization operation, saving of work and time, ecological, environmental protective, increase production and improve productivity obviously, there are huge economy, society and ecological benefits.

Claims (5)

1. a cultivation method for corn and rice bean intercropping, is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
One, the autumn turns over and rakes the soil level, meticulous wholely: in the fall after results, plough deeply thin rake 20 ~ 30cm, winter retains and conserve soil moisture;
Two, fine variety production: corn selects that high yield, stable yields, high-quality, disease-resistant, pest-resistant, lodging tolerance are strong, High planting and the good improved seeds of marketing quality; The short climing Dwarf cultivar that beanpod is even, fiber is few, single pod is heavy, product are of fine quality, disease resistance is strong selected by rice bean;
Three, seed treatment: before corn seed is broadcast, is spread out on ground or seat that drying faces south, shines 2 ~ 3 days continuously, often stir seed, shine even, then use seed coat agent Cotton seeds; Rice bean seed uses emerge in worm water 8-10h before broadcasting, then uses the powder of carbendazim sterilizing of seed quality 0.3%;
Four, begin sowing in good time, rational close planting: corn with 5 ~ 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 ~ 12 DEG C for beginning date of seeding, rice bean with 10cm soil temperature stable by when 10 DEG C for beginning date of seeding, corn planting density is 6.5-7.0 ten thousand strains/hectare, rice bean planting density 4.5 ~ 5.5 ten thousand strains/hectare;
Five, the field layout of corn and rice bean intercropping culture method: in horizontal layout, plot is made up of multiple " corn/rice bean construction unit ", each " construction unit " comprises a narrow row and a wide row is formed, narrow row width 30cm, plant two row corns, wide line width 100cm, plants two row rice beans at wide interline, and rice bean line-spacing is 70cm;
Six, science field management: comprise after planting suppress soil moisture conservation, look into that seedling is filled the gaps with seedlings, thinning final singling, chemical weed control, damage by disease and insect prevention and control, intertill and clean tillage and the rational application of fertilizer;
Seven, gather in the crops: gather when the tender pod seed of rice bean starts full, note during harvesting not damaging infructescence and branches and tendrils, gather in a large number successively when plant lower floor pod turns Huang in good time.
2. the cultivation method of a kind of corn according to claim 1 and rice bean intercropping, is characterized in that in step 2, corn variety is " good beautiful 11 ", " favorable to the people 33 " or " enlightening card 516 ", and percentage of seedgermination >=95%, purity >=98%, cleanliness >=98%; Rice bean kind is " No. 4, Bai Hong " or " No. 5, capital agriculture ".
3. the cultivation method of a kind of corn according to claim 1 and rice bean intercropping, when it is characterized in that in step 4, rice bean is sowed, every cave puts 3 ~ 4, sowing depth 4 ~ 6cm, covers after broadcasting with moist soil.
4. the cultivation method of a kind of corn according to claim 1 and rice bean intercropping, arrange the first seeding corn of upper wide-and narrow-row sower between it is characterized in that in step 4 at seeding time, Row spacing of maize is 30cm, and spacing in the rows is 22.0 ~ 23.7cm; After corn seeding, when soil water content reaches 40 ~ 50% of field capacity, artificial dibbling or miniature seeding machine carry out sowing rice bean, and rice bean line-spacing is 70cm, and spacing in the rows is 25 ~ 30cm.
5. the cultivation method of a kind of corn according to claim 1 and rice bean intercropping, is characterized in that applying fertilizer in step 6 based on fertilizer, base fertilizer, and carry out fertilization compositions based on earth measurement, chemical fertilizer fertilizing amount is N200kg/ hectare, P 2o 5150kg/ hectare, K 2o180kg/ hectare, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer do that base fertilizer is disposable to be applied, and the ratio of the mass ratio=5:3:2 of nitrogenous fertilizer fertile in base manure, jointing in flower granulated fertilizer is carried out; In conjunction with whole, by decomposed manure by the consumption of 15000 ~ 20000kg/ hectare with chemical fertilizer base fertilizer is disposable prior to seeding applies; Corn topdresses and wants deep placement, applies degree of depth 15cm, and rice bean does not topdress.
CN201510727511.8A 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 Intercropping cultivation method of corn and rice beans Pending CN105191654A (en)

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CN106665037A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-05-17 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Cultivation method for planting corn and mung bean in same hole
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CN106818193A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-13 贵州绿丰园农副产品科技发展有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of rde bean
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CN106973677A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-07-25 东营市农业科学研究院 A kind of implantation methods made between millet peanut
CN107018786A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-08 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 A kind of corn and soybean and the no-tillage implantation methods of potato intercrop
CN107125010A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-05 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 The cultural method of sealwort and pea intercropping
CN107135794A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-08 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 The cultural method made between sealwort and cowpea
CN107211712A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-29 宁夏农林科学院农作物研究所 Corn intercrop soybean solid composite plant method
CN107743841A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-02 中国科学院植物研究所 A kind of implantation methods of millet
CN107980511A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-04 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of cultural method made between corn and potato
CN108739152A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-06 红河学院 A kind of cultural method recycling ciliate desert-grass interplanting corn
CN109122119A (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-01-04 河南农业大学 Summer Maize in Meadow Soil weight-reducing synergy fertilizing method
CN109315286A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-12 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 The method that screening improves maize/soybean Wheat yield nitrogen efficiency maize genotype
CN109601291A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-12 甘肃农业大学 A kind of corn, green manure gently simplify efficient intercropping mode
CN111386988A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-07-10 中国农业大学 Oat and mung bean strip intercropping planting mode and field management method

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CN105794471B (en) * 2016-04-06 2018-08-24 十堰市农业生态环境保护站 A method of Topographic factor is prevented by maize intercropping and the root of Dahurain angelica
CN105794471A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-27 十堰市农业生态环境保护站 Method for preventing and controlling water and soil loss of sloping field by intercropping corn and angelica dahurica
CN106665037A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-05-17 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Cultivation method for planting corn and mung bean in same hole
CN106665102A (en) * 2017-02-20 2017-05-17 贵州省土壤肥料研究所 Efficient planting method for intercropping semen coicis and early-maturing soybeans
CN106817959A (en) * 2017-03-02 2017-06-13 安徽金培因科技有限公司 The high-yield planting method of mung bean is covered between a kind of corn
CN106818193A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-13 贵州绿丰园农副产品科技发展有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of rde bean
CN106973677A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-07-25 东营市农业科学研究院 A kind of implantation methods made between millet peanut
CN107018786A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-08 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 A kind of corn and soybean and the no-tillage implantation methods of potato intercrop
CN107018786B (en) * 2017-05-11 2020-04-03 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 Corn, soybean and potato intercropping no-tillage planting method
CN107125010A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-05 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 The cultural method of sealwort and pea intercropping
CN107135794A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-08 宁国市仙之居家庭农场 The cultural method made between sealwort and cowpea
CN107211712A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-29 宁夏农林科学院农作物研究所 Corn intercrop soybean solid composite plant method
CN107743841A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-02 中国科学院植物研究所 A kind of implantation methods of millet
CN107980511A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-04 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 A kind of cultural method made between corn and potato
CN108739152A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-06 红河学院 A kind of cultural method recycling ciliate desert-grass interplanting corn
CN109122119A (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-01-04 河南农业大学 Summer Maize in Meadow Soil weight-reducing synergy fertilizing method
CN109315286A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-12 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 The method that screening improves maize/soybean Wheat yield nitrogen efficiency maize genotype
CN109601291A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-12 甘肃农业大学 A kind of corn, green manure gently simplify efficient intercropping mode
CN111386988A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-07-10 中国农业大学 Oat and mung bean strip intercropping planting mode and field management method

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