CN103493664B - Simplified cultivating method for dry-cure pepper - Google Patents

Simplified cultivating method for dry-cure pepper Download PDF

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CN103493664B
CN103493664B CN201310450199.3A CN201310450199A CN103493664B CN 103493664 B CN103493664 B CN 103493664B CN 201310450199 A CN201310450199 A CN 201310450199A CN 103493664 B CN103493664 B CN 103493664B
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pepper
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dry
composite
seeding
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CN103493664A (en
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詹永发
田应书
姜虹
韩世玉
刘崇政
王太兴
何建文
邢丹
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GUIZHOU PEPPER RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Abstract

The invention discloses a simplified cultivating method for dry-cure pepper. The method improves the emergence rate, the planting percent and the strong seedling rate of direct-seeded seeds of pepper by covering and using direct-seeding nutrition balls and direct-seeding nutrition matrix. The method furhter solves the problems that surface layers in field direct seeding is prone to hardening due to the fact that soil temperature and humidity are affected by environment to be large in change to be unfavorable for seed emergence of pepper seeds and growth of seedlings. In addition, the method achieves practicability of pepper direct-seeding techniques and widens popularization and application ranges. By means of black film covering and direct seeding cultivation, the problems of weed growth in fields and serious pepper lodging are effectively solved, minimal tillage or zero tillage in fields are achieved, the use of weed killers is reduced, specific fertilizers are screened through tests to solve the problem of one-time fertilization in pepper production, additional fertilizers are avoided in pepper production on the premise of avoiding output reduction of peppers, and the problem of harvesting dry-cure scatter and fresh peppers at one time in a concentrated mode is solved. Thus, the purposes of achieving low cost production of peppers and improving pepper quality are achieved.

Description

The light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of agricultural sciences, particularly a kind of light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper.
Background technology
Realizing light simplification is one of most effective way reducing production cost.Along with the development of capsicum industry, no matter home and abroad, the raising of light and simple cultivation technique is one of key factor promoting that capsicum produces always.Particularly in recent years, the development of domestic industry and urbanization, Rural human resources shifts in a large number, and the Rural human resources in stay-at-home soil has started the circumstances having occurred relative deficiency, even result in part farmland to leave unused, this phenomenon has caused the concern of society.Development Labor-saving agricultural is one of more effective approach to the current contradiction of alleviation.Traditional pepper cultivation also exists the reasons such as cargo handling operation is cumbersome, collecting time is long, and time-consuming, labor cost is higher, and the raising of labor productivity is restricted.In production practices, this factor has become the major reason of restriction capsicum production sustainable development.Therefore, the light simplification technology that capsicum produces seems particularly important.
In the light simplification research of pepper cultivation, at present mainly through adopting live, no-tillage and few results to realize.The domestic marked achievement obtained in the research of capsicum production Labor-saving culture technique mainly contains " capsicum plastic mulching Direct Hole Sowing ", " plastic mulching cultivation technology " etc.The advantage of capsicum plastic mulching Direct Hole Sowing is that seedling is not transplanted, and does not cut off main root, thus well developed root system, resistant to lodging, drought resisting, high-output stress-resistance, and plant strain growth is strong, and side shoot germination is strong.Plastic mulching cultivation technology develops comparatively ripe Labor-saving culture technique, and its advantage improves preserving soil moisture fertilizer-preserving ability, suppresses weed growth, ensures loosing soil, thus realize field and exempt from (or minimizing) intertill and clean tillage, saves labour.Single fertilization technology is the supporting technology of plastic mulching cultivation technology, is widely applied in production.But single fertilization technology in fertilizer ratio, slowly-releasing etc. and research go back imperfection, production often causes waste or the poor effect of fertilizer.Relative less with research at the disposable results technical elements of capsicum.1990-1992, the scientific research institution of Korea S has carried out characterization and evaluation to the hot pepper germ plasm resource that can disposablely gather, utilized wherein comparatively ideal disposable results material to carry out crossbreeding and improvement in 1993, eventually through the continuous self cross and selection in many generations, be bred as comparatively excellent disposable results kind " saeny-ryeog216 ", the Labor-saving cultivar seed selection of capsicum obtained and breaks through.In a word, many achievements are achieved both at home and abroad in the research application and breed breeding thereof of the Labor-saving culture technique of capsicum, playing and huge economic benefit will played, but its research application is all also very limited, the domestic capsicum variety also not cultivating special adaptation Labor-saving cultivation, the culture technique of many Labor-savings is improved not enough with supporting.Realizing the optimization of Labor-saving culture technique, transformation and integrated, and realize the breed breeding that matches with it, is the Main way of research at present.
At present, there is a kind of clusterred pepper mulch film Direct Hole Sowing, compared with seedling transplanting technique, nursery can be reduced and transplant two programs, saving manpower and investment.Plastic mulching is live more late than seedling raising and transplanting sowing, but rice shoot well developed root system, grow fast.Because transplanting method has the seedling-slowing stage of 7 ~ 10 days, the two growing process in fact difference is little.When current labour is becoming tight day by day and recruitment expense improves constantly and capsicum production presents concentrated scale scale, a kind of trend of the live replacement seedling raising and transplanting of plastic mulching.But the effect that this technology only just can receive under the condition such as soil, weather can meet the condition of the normal germinating growth of capsicum completely, limitation is larger.One of feature of this technology is directly sown into by seed in the dark earth of 1-1.5cm, under the weather and soil condition in many areas, moisture and the temperature of topsoil still change greatly with this understanding, as water loss is fast, easily harden, too high or too low for temperature etc.These are all directly affect pepper seed germination, emerge and the key factor of normal growth, and therefore in vast pepper planting region, often occur germinateing irregular, planting percent is low, and the effect of this technology is difficult to do not ensure.This technology often needs to use weed killer herbicide or other method to carry out field weeding in a large number, could control weeds in field growth, affect to soil environment and planting cost.Because this technology adopts common ground film to cover, in sowing in the field, under the condition not using weed killer herbicide, germinate and seedling growth stage in sowing, because temperature in the shed is suitable for, in film, weed growth is often very luxuriant, very easily affects the normal germinating growth of pepper seed.Meanwhile, capsicum is longer relative to the conventional cultivation time in the time of grown in field, middle and later periods mulch film usually badly broken, and weeds are once exposing face, and due to mulch film effect, more prosperous length, therefore mulch film can lose the inhibitory action of weeds.Therefore, this technology fully must carry out the suppression work of weeds in field.This technology field management is still more complicated.This technology is compared with conventional cultivation, and its hypervisor is substantially identical, still needs to carry out intertill and clean tillage and work of topdressing, and lacks and improves the simplification of operation and decrement.This technology adopts and is directly sowed in field soil by pepper seed, due to the optimum carrier of field soil not necessarily pepper seed germination and growth of seedling, can have a certain impact for the germination of pepper seed and strong seedling culture.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide a kind of dry pepper light simplified cultivation method, it can improve the live percentage of seedgermination of capsicum, planting percent and strong sprout rate, and field management is simple, expands the popularization scope of application of capsicum direct seeding technique.
Of the present inventionly be achieved in that the light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper, comprise the steps:
1) site preparation and fertilization: carry out whole ground ridging, while ridging, apply base manure, base manure comprises cow dung, biological organic fertilizer and Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, and the consumption of base manure is, executes cow dung 500 kilograms, biological organic fertilizer 100 kilograms, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 30 kilograms for every mu; Ten thousand, living bacteria count in biological organic fertilizer >=2000, organic mass ratio >=25%, mass ratio >=20% of N, P, K; In Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, the mass ratio of the mass ratio of N to be the mass ratio of 15%, P be 15%, K is 15%;
2) epiphragma: prior to seeding in 1-3 days, ridge is covered stand-by with black mulch film;
3) sow: punch on the mulch film of face, railway carriage or compartment, after hole is accomplished fluently, live nutrition ball is put into hole, compacting, nutrition ball is fully contacted with soil, program request seed after watering, after seed is broadcast, then cover live matrix;
4) thinning and filling the gaps with seedlings: when seedling grows to 3-4 sheet true leaf, carry out thinning and fill the gaps with seedlings, stay and go by force weak, seedling 2-3 strain is stayed in every cave, and the comparatively strong rice shoot gone out between utilization, supplies scarce cave;
5) Seedling Stage management: thinning and regular spraying pesticide after filling the gaps with seedlings;
6) field management: weeding in time, insect protected, guarantee irrigation water is sufficient, scattered dry pepper 7-8 platform fruit reach the green mature phase or dry pepper of clustering at fruit red ripe 65-75% time, every mu to add in 40kg water with the ethrel 100g that mass percent is 40% and sprays, and impels pepper fruit neat red ripe;
7) gather: after 1-3 platform arnotto is ripe, gather first time; Then, after 4-8 platform arnotto is ripe, disposablely to gather; To cluster the gathering of capsicum, carry out disposable gathering when the red ripe 75-85% of fruit.
The preparation of the live nutrition ball adopted in step 3) is, corn stalk is crushed to below 2cm, by volume number calculates, by 65-75 part corn stalk, stack fermentation after 15-25 part humus soil and the mixing of 15-25 part cow dung, after complete fermentation, the materials fermented are dried or dry, with cracker, dried feed is ground into the particle of 0.3-0.8mm, obtains composite material A; And then by volume number, get 65-75 part composite material A, 12-18 part vermiculite and 12-18 part perlite mix, and obtain composite material B; Last in 90-110 part composite material B, add 4-6 part water-loss reducer and 4-6 part binder mixes by weight, obtain composite material C; Calculate by weight, 8-10 part water is added (pinching agglomerating by hand in 90-110 part composite material C, but extrude not water outlet to be advisable), then the composite material C adding water is loaded mould inner pressure be shaped (the large I of mould specification as required nutrition ball size and determine, be generally internal diameter 2-3 centimetre, high 2 centimetres cylindrical), after dry behaviour, (dry standard is: pinch nutrition ball with hand hardening in taking-up, tack-free, to be indeformablely advisable), obtain live nutrition ball.
Live nutrition bulb diameter after shaping is 2-3cm, and height is 2cm, and it is 1cm that the top of live nutrition ball is provided with a diameter, and the hole, garden of dark 1cm, for playing seed.
The preparation of the live matrix adopted in step 3) is, corn stalk is crushed to below 2cm, by volume number calculates, by 65-75 part corn stalk, stack fermentation after 15-25 part humus soil and the mixing of 15-25 part cow dung, after complete fermentation, the materials fermented are dried or dry, with cracker, dried feed is ground into the particle of 0.3-0.8mm, obtains host material A; And then by volume number, get 75-85 part host material A, 8-12 part vermiculite and 8-12 part perlite mix, and obtain host material B; By weight, in 90-110 part host material B, add 4-6 part water-loss reducer, 1-2 part carbendazim, 0.05-0.15 part copper sulphate mixes, and obtains host material C finally; By volume number calculates, and host material C is carried out mixed in equal amounts with garden earth to be sowed, namely obtains live nutrient matrix.
Sowing time described in step 3) be March 25 to April 15, seeding quantity is every cave 5-8 grain, after seed is broadcast, then covers the live nutrient matrix of 1-1.5cm.
After step 3) has been sowed, live nutrient matrix covers tangerine bar or sunshade net.
The present invention utilizes black film to cover, in conjunction with utilize stalk, sunshade net or the winter such as rape, wheat stubble crop the heat and moisture preserving measure such as to shelter from heat or light, ensure the relative constant temperature and humidity of film endosexine soil, utilize the lighttight feature of black film, suppress weeds in field growth, the consumption of effective minimizing weeding recruitment and weed killer herbicide, the weed growth in effective sowing time, reaches the object ensureing the live rear normal germination of capsicum and growth.
Utilize the water retaining function of water-loss reducer in special live nutrition ball and live nutrient matrix, the bonding function of binder, vermiculite, perlite increase the light and loose penetrating function of matrix, the disinfection function of basic copper sulfate, carbendazim, the trophic function etc. that tangerine bar, barnyard manure, humus soil etc. are organic, proportioning is combined into live nutrition ball and matrix, ensures that capsicum germinates and growth of seedling, improve germination rate, planting percent and strong sprout rate.
Utilize the long-acting of barnyard manure, bio-fertilizer, fertilizer and slowly-releasing feature, disposablely prior to seeding use sufficient fertilizer, realize single fertilization, reduce fertilising recruitment.
The present invention is by covering and use live nutrition ball and live nutrient matrix process, improve the live percentage of seedgermination of capsicum, planting percent and strong sprout rate, solving sowing in the field mesexine changes greatly because soil epidemic disaster is easily affected by environment, be easy to harden etc. and be unfavorable for pepper seed germination and growth of seedling problem, realize the practical of capsicum direct seeding technique, expand the popularization scope of application of capsicum direct seeding technique; And it is more to solve field management link in pepper cultivation, complex procedures, time-consuming problem, by simplifying and decrement improvement, while minimizing workload and input cost, ensure that yield of hot pepper, improve quality, improve pepper planting benefit, solve capsicum and exempt from intertillage production problem.Covered and direct sowing culture by black film, effectively inhibit the growth of weeds in field and the problem of capsicum serious lodging, realize field and to minimal till or no-tillage, reduce weed killer herbicide and use.Solve the single fertilization problem that capsicum produces, by test, filter out wide accommodation, easily, consumption is reasonable, and lower-cost single fertilization compatibility, realizes under the prerequisite that can ensure the capsicum not underproduction in fertilizer source, not spraying fertilizer in capsicum produces; Solve the disposable concentrated results problem of drying scattered capsicum; Promote main body fruit growth by plucking 1-3 platform fruit ahead of time, and use rational chemical ripening technology, can yield of hot pepper be ensured, effectively can improve quality again, achieve to concentrate simultaneously and gather.The present invention can ensure that the live planting percent of capsicum reaches more than 95%, and strong seedling rate 80%, as long as seed quality ensures, there will not be scarce cave substantially; Can ensure capsicum normal growth, yield and quality and conventional breeding are transplanted quite, but can save the amount of labour 100 man-hours/mu, and input and output rate improves more than 10 percentage points.The low-cost production of capsicum can be realized.Traditional pepper planting mode operation link is complicated, and labour's input amount is large, on average every batch need drop into the amount of labour 300-400 man-hour/mu, the amount of labour often dropping into for 1 man-hour gathers in the crops about 2-3 unit, and labor productivity is lower.And adopt this planting technology, can realize significantly reducing and throw work launch-work, reach the object of cost-saving synergistic.Realistic price is had to the negative effect overcoming Rural Areas at Present labour's relative deficiency.Statistics display, young labour's Out-migrant for work in rural area about 85%, rear personnel mostly is the elderly and child.Therefore, the useful labor power population relative deficiency that soil produces can be engaged in.In capsicum produces, because labour's reason causes the underproduction of capsicum loss to happen occasionally.The application of this technology is conducive to the alleviation of this contradiction, produces larger economic results in society.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention: the light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper, comprises the steps:
1) site preparation and fertilization: before after autumn freeze-up, deep ploughing soil, more than degree of depth 25cm, be conducive to killing overwintering stage, to sow rape or wheat after autumn, stop the position of plantation capsicum, general rape and wheat all can adopt wide-narrow row planting, wide row 90 centimetres, narrow row 40 centimetres, wide row is used as continuous cropping plantation capsicum, 10-15 days before capsicum sowing, pull out weeds in field, with instruments such as rotovators soil block revolved and carefully rake, then according to direction, ground is block-shaped, the trend of landform tendency determination furrow, general selection East and West direction, with the setting-out of wide-and narrow-row form, wide row 80 centimetres, narrow row 50 centimetres, with wide behavior ridge, narrow row is ditch, before ridging, cow dung 500 kilograms is executed by mu, biological organic fertilizer (ten thousand, living bacteria count >=2000, organic >=25%, N, P, K >=20%) 100 kilograms, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium (15% N, 15% P, 15%K) the standard of 30 kilograms, evenly apply in wide row, then to turn over ridging with instruments such as rotovators, fertilizer is mixed in the soil of ridge uniformly, ridge coca is according to the rainfall of planting area, soil, position, plot etc. adjusts, general ridge is high is advisable with 15-20cm, the plot of plantation rape and wheat, fertilizer is applied equally in wide row, turn over, fertilizer is mixed in soil, should need cultivate with wide-and narrow-row with the plantation of the rape of capsicum crop rotation and wheat, general wide row 80-90cm, narrow row 40-50cm, wide row is used as to sow capsicum spring,
2) epiphragma: after site preparation and fertilization, as the rainy day, irrigated in plot, during epiphragma, soil moisture content is advisable at 30-40%.As sowing time does not meet heavy rain, can carry out manual watering, the degree of watering reaches and thoroughly irrigates, and water content reaches standard and is advisable; After water irrigates, once loosen the soil, by carefully broken for serious railway carriage or compartment, the ridge clod of caking, face, railway carriage or compartment soil group material diameter is less than 0.5cm, and the having peace of mind of face, railway carriage or compartment is raked, and then uses wide 1-1.2m, is thickly greater than 0.01 millimeter of black mulch film and is covered on ridge stand-by; Generally carry out sowing better at membrane cover in good rear 3 days;
3) sow: carried out to April 15 March 25, be about bamboo bar or the pole of 2cm with diameter, face, railway carriage or compartment mulch film is pressed duplicate rows punching, line-spacing 50-60cm, cave is apart from 30-40cm, about hole depth 3cm, after hole is accomplished fluently, live nutrition ball is put into hole, compacting, fully contact with soil, program request seed after watering, kills the requirement of cutworm agricultural chemicals by medicine while watering, cutworm agricultural chemicals is applied in soil, seeding quantity every cave 5-8 grain, after seed is broadcast, then covers the live matrix of 1-1.5 centimetre; Outdoor cropping cover again tangerine bar or sunshade net (in the ranks sow at the rape do not gathered in the crops and wheatland, can not cover, after rape and harvesting wheat, then tangerine bar is extracted be covered on face, railway carriage or compartment);
The preparation of the live nutrition ball adopted in step 3) is, corn stalk is crushed to below 2cm, by volume number calculates, by 65-75 part corn stalk, stack fermentation after 15-25 part humus soil and the mixing of 15-25 part cow dung, after complete fermentation, the materials fermented are dried or dry, with cracker, dried feed is ground into the particle of 0.3-0.8mm, obtains composite material A; And then by volume number, get 65-75 part composite material A, 12-18 part vermiculite and 12-18 part perlite mix, and obtain composite material B; Last in 90-110 part composite material B, add 4-6 part water-loss reducer and 4-6 part binder mixes by weight, obtain composite material C; Calculate by weight, 8-10 part water is added (pinching agglomerating by hand in 90-110 part composite material C, but extrude not water outlet to be advisable), then by add water composite material C load mould inner pressure be shaped (the large I of mould specification as required nutrition ball size and determine, be generally internal diameter 2-3 centimetre, high 2 centimetres cylindrical), take out after dry behaviour, obtain live nutrition ball; Live nutrition bulb diameter after shaping is 2-3cm, and height is 2cm, and it is 1cm that the top of live nutrition ball is provided with a diameter, and the hole, garden of dark 1cm, for playing seed;
The preparation of the live matrix adopted in step 3) is, corn stalk is crushed to below 2cm, by volume number calculates, by 65-75 part corn stalk, stack fermentation after 15-25 part humus soil and the mixing of 15-25 part cow dung, after complete fermentation, the materials fermented are dried or dry, with cracker, dried feed is ground into the particle of 0.3-0.8mm, obtains host material A; And then by volume number, get 75-85 part host material A, 8-12 part vermiculite and 8-12 part perlite mix, and obtain host material B; By weight, in 90-110 part host material B, add 4-6 part water-loss reducer, 1-2 part carbendazim, 0.05-0.15 part copper sulphate mixes, and obtains host material C finally; By volume number calculates, and host material C is carried out mixed in equal amounts with garden earth to be sowed, namely obtains live nutrient matrix; Live nutrient matrix generally should be now with the current at seeding time, adds appropriate water during stirring, and amount of water can be agglomerating to stir that rear hand pinches, and can scatter and be as the criterion after hand pine;
4) thinning and filling the gaps with seedlings: when seedling grows to 3-4 sheet true leaf, carry out thinning and fill the gaps with seedlings, stay and go by force weak, seedling 2-3 strain is stayed in every cave, and the comparatively strong rice shoot gone out between utilization, supplies scarce cave;
5) Seedling Stage management: thinning and after filling the gaps with seedlings, every 1 week with 80% DDT EC 1500 times of liquid spray 1 time, add up to spray 2-3 time, prevent insect to cause harm seedling; The coverings such as the tangerine bar be placed on cave unplug, expose seedling after launching by seedling cotyledon;
6) field management: weeding in time, insect protected, guarantee irrigation water is sufficient, scattered dry pepper 7-8 platform fruit reach the green mature phase or dry pepper of clustering at fruit red ripe 65-75% time, every mu to add in 40kg water with the ethrel 100g that mass percent is 40% and sprays, and impels pepper fruit neat red ripe;
7) gather: after 1-3 platform arnotto is ripe, gather first time; Then, after 4-8 platform arnotto is ripe, disposablely to gather; To cluster the gathering of capsicum, carry out disposable gathering when the red ripe 75-85% of fruit.
The scheme of embodiment 1 is year October in October, 2010 to 2012, experimental field carries out, testing ground area 600 ㎡ at Guizhou Pepper Research Institute (Xin Pu town, Honghuagang District, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province institute of silkworm section) regional pepper cultivation.Within 2011, test kind is Guizhou Native capsicum variety " Suiyang group particle " (scattered dry pepper kind) and " Jianhe capsicum annum fasciculatum " (dry pepper of clustering kind), sowing time is April 1, the each test kind 50g of sowing number, Suiyang group's particle germination rate is 91.45%, survival rate of seedling is 97.34%, Jianhe capsicum annum fasciculatum germination rate is 88.73%, and survival rate of seedling is 95.76%; Within 2012, test kind is identical with 2011 with seeding quantity, and Suiyang group particle germination rate is 90.28%, and survival rate of seedling is 97.77%, and Jianhe capsicum annum fasciculatum germination rate is 89.54%, and survival rate of seedling is 96.51%.

Claims (4)

1. the light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
1) site preparation and fertilization: carry out whole ground ridging, while ridging, apply base manure, base manure comprises cow dung, biological organic fertilizer and Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, and the consumption of base manure is, executes cow dung 500 kilograms, biological organic fertilizer 100 kilograms, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 30 kilograms for every mu; Ten thousand, living bacteria count in biological organic fertilizer >=2000, organic mass ratio >=25%, mass ratio >=20% of N, P, K; In Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, the mass ratio of the mass ratio of N to be the mass ratio of 15%, P be 15%, K is 15%;
2) epiphragma: prior to seeding in 1-3 days, ridge is covered stand-by with black mulch film;
3) sow: punch on the mulch film of face, railway carriage or compartment, after hole is accomplished fluently, live nutrition ball is put into hole, compacting, nutrition ball is fully contacted with soil, program request seed after watering, after seed is broadcast, then cover live matrix; The preparation of the live nutrition ball adopted in step 3) is, corn stalk is crushed to below 2cm, by volume number calculates, by 65-75 part corn stalk, stack fermentation after 15-25 part humus soil and the mixing of 15-25 part cow dung, after complete fermentation, the materials fermented are dried or dry, with cracker, dried feed is ground into the particle of 0.3-0.8mm, obtains composite material A; And then by volume number, get 65-75 part composite material A, 12-18 part vermiculite and 12-18 part perlite mix, and obtain composite material B; Last in 90-110 part composite material B, add 4-6 part water-loss reducer and 4-6 part binder mixes by weight, obtain composite material C; Calculate by weight, in 90-110 part composite material C, add 8-10 part water, then the composite material C adding water is loaded mould inner pressure and be shaped, take out after dry behaviour, obtain live nutrition ball; The preparation of the live matrix adopted in step 3) is, corn stalk is crushed to below 2cm, by volume number calculates, by 65-75 part corn stalk, stack fermentation after 15-25 part humus soil and the mixing of 15-25 part cow dung, after complete fermentation, the materials fermented are dried or dry, with cracker, dried feed is ground into the particle of 0.3-0.8mm, obtains host material A; And then by volume number, get 75-85 part host material A, 8-12 part vermiculite and 8-12 part perlite mix, and obtain host material B; By weight, in 90-110 part host material B, add 4-6 part water-loss reducer, 1-2 part carbendazim, 0.05-0.15 part copper sulphate mixes, and obtains host material C finally; By volume number calculates, and host material C is carried out mixed in equal amounts with garden earth to be sowed, namely obtains live matrix;
4) thinning and filling the gaps with seedlings: when seedling grows to 3-4 sheet true leaf, carry out thinning and fill the gaps with seedlings, stay and go by force weak, seedling 2-3 strain is stayed in every cave, and the comparatively strong rice shoot gone out between utilization, supplies scarce cave;
5) Seedling Stage management: thinning and regular spraying pesticide after filling the gaps with seedlings;
6) field management: weeding in time, insect protected, guarantee irrigation water is sufficient, scattered dry pepper 7-8 platform fruit reach the green mature phase or dry pepper of clustering at fruit red ripe 65-75% time, every mu to add in 40kg water with the ethrel 100g that mass percent is 40% and sprays, and impels pepper fruit neat red ripe;
7) gather: after 1-3 platform arnotto is ripe, gather first time; Then, after 4-8 platform arnotto is ripe, disposablely to gather; To cluster the gathering of capsicum, carry out disposable gathering when the red ripe 75-85% of fruit.
2. the light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the live nutrition bulb diameter after shaping is 2-3cm, and height is 2cm, and it is 1cm that the top of live nutrition ball is provided with a diameter, and the hole, garden of dark 1cm, for playing seed.
3. the light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sowing time described in step 3) be March 25 to April 15, seeding quantity is every cave 5-8 grain, after seed is broadcast, then covers the live nutrient matrix of 1-1.5cm.
4. the light simplified cultivation method of dry pepper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: after step 3) has been sowed, live nutrient matrix covers tangerine bar or sunshade net.
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