CN103098626A - Relay intercropping method for rheum palmatum and corn - Google Patents

Relay intercropping method for rheum palmatum and corn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103098626A
CN103098626A CN 201110359626 CN201110359626A CN103098626A CN 103098626 A CN103098626 A CN 103098626A CN 201110359626 CN201110359626 CN 201110359626 CN 201110359626 A CN201110359626 A CN 201110359626A CN 103098626 A CN103098626 A CN 103098626A
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sowing
corn
seedling
sorrel
ridge
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谢玲玲
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JIANSHI NONGDA BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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JIANSHI NONGDA BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a relay intercropping method for rheum palmatum and corn. The relay intercropping method for the rheum palmatum and the corn is characterized by comprising the following operating steps: (1) selection and preparation of land; (2)corn nutritive cube or tray seedling;(3) corn plastic film mulching cultivation; (4) culture of rheum palmatumseedling; (5) rheum palmatum transplantation; and (6) rheum palmatum field management. Compared with the prior art, the relay intercropping method for the rheum palmatum and the corn has the advantages that rheum palmatum and high-stem crop corn relay intercropping is enabled to artificially create a damp environment where is beneficial to the growth of the rheum palmatum and the high-stem crop corn, the growth of the rheum palmatum is benefited, and output and quality of the rheum palmatum can be improved. Furthermore, temperature, light, water and land resources are fully utilized. Grain yield can be increased by two seasons in an equal area on the premise that planting density and output of the rheum palmatum are not reduced, the contradiction that grain crops and medicinal crops contend the land is effectively alleviated, and economic benefit is drastically improved. In addition, relay intercropping method for the rheum palmatum and the corn has the advantages of being easy and convenient to operate, capable of saving cost and easy to popularize.

Description

A kind of method of sorrel and corn relay interplanting
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of sorrel and corn relay interplanting.
Background technology
Sorrel is polygonaceae Rheum plant sorrel, latin name: Rheum palmatum L., and with dry root and rhizome.Chinese medicine name: rheum officinale [Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei].Another name: todaiwo,rhizoma.Be commonly use, bulk medicinal materials, be also one of world-famous important medicinal material of China's special product, use the medicinal history of existing more than 2000 year at home and abroad.Rheum officinale is still so far and lets out real heat, logical stool, breaks good medicine stagnant, lower hemostasis, is rheum officinale clearing stomach ball, cow-bezoar bolus, bovine bezoar fire-clearing ball, cow-bezoar antitoxic bolus, hundred important source material along tens kinds of Chinese patent drugs such as balls, clear peaceful ball, coptis bolus for clearing the upper heat, coptis clearing stomach balls.At present, low rhubarb wine, rhubarb beverage, rheum officinale slimming drugs extremely sell well on market.For a long time, rheum officinale except domestic use, is important exporting always, finds a good sale in Southeast Asian countries, Japan, the U.S. and Germany, thereby good development prospect is arranged.
For a long time, Rheum officinale is a kind of wild plant always, although there was in the last few years the people sporadicly to plant, is all extensive, the one, yield poorly, and the 2nd, end product quality is uneven, and the 3rd, because long-term price of medicinal material is lower, the artificial planting comparative effectiveness is poor.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of method of sorrel and corn relay interplanting.By sorrel and corn relay interplanting efficient ecological implantation methods, solve the defectives such as in the sorrel artificial planting, cost is high, output slow, yield poorly, provide a kind of and can improve the unit are economic benefit, stablize grain-production, can improve again the artificial planting technique of rheum officinale output and quality.
The method of a kind of sorrel of the present invention and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that comprising following operating procedure: 1, a kind of method of sorrel and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that comprising following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: selects well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, the weeding of deep ploughing is smooth; Deng the line-spacing maize planting, by the ridge heart, ridge heart 80cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, spread fertilizer over the fields decomposed dung, NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium and zinc fertilizer in ditch; Fetch earth between two ridges and cover on dressing furrow, make the ridge, then covering with plastic film is in order to transplanting;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: select soil to do the seedbed, matured compost is executed in the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching, and makes nutritive cube; After planting first spread the thin layer fine earth and cover, then the epiphragma of puing up a shed;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when the line-spacings such as corn are transplanted, maize seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
D, sorrel are grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, and type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities of drilling; Broadcasting sowing is 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities; The sorrel seedling management: emerge rear timely weeding, watering, fertilizing, final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throws off covering when next year sprouts;
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, and the elongated portion with lateral root and main root during transplanting cuts off, transplanted seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and spacing in the rows is 0.25m, plantation alternate with corn, mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Earthing after planting, blinding should be shallow, and Miao Ye is basseted; Make base fertilizer with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg, execute rear cultivation seedling for every mu;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
The method of a kind of sorrel of the present invention and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that described method comprises following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: selects well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, deep ploughing is more than 33 centimetres, and rake is carefully removed grass roots, stone, makes loosing soil, smooth; Deng the line-spacing maize planting, by the ridge heart, ridge heart 80cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, in ditch, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields 2500~4500 kilograms of decomposed dungs, NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 50-60kg and zinc fertilizer 1.5~2kg; Fetch earth between two ridges and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.5m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, then covering with plastic film is in order to transplanting;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: the early April sowing, and the selection physical features is smooth, the soil property fertile soil is done the seedbed, the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching, meticulous whole soil is executed well-rotted farmyard manure 10kg/m 2, phosphate fertilizer 1.5kg/m 2, zinc fertilizer 100g/m 2, Furadan 100g/m 2, add loose stool and mix wetly, can hold agglomeratingly, exoergic is loose, and fermentation reactor system was made nutritive cube by the land for growing field crops more than 0.5 ten thousand pieces/mu after 2~3 days; During sowing, radicle is downward, plants and goes up dorsad; After planting first spread the thin layer fine earth and cover, then the epiphragma of puing up a shed, note compacting protection against rodents sparrow around film is caused harm, do not take off film before emerging, when emerging to 1 leaf 1 heart, take off film daytime, night, epiphragma, planted front 2~3 days hardenings, chases after to send with loose stool water and transfer fertilizer;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when the line-spacings such as corn are transplanted, maize seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and spacing in the rows is 0.25m, and mu is planted corn 3300 strains, and fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
d, sorrel is grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, sow in spring in the rear sowing of thawing of local plough horizon, generally with autumn sowing for well, the percentage of seedgermination that cause is gathered then is high, the seed of sowing in spring preferably carries out vernalization to be processed, method is seed to be put into the warm water of 18 ℃~20 ℃ soaked 6~8 hours, pull out after soaking, cover with wet cloth, rush 1~2 time with cold water every day, just sowing immediately when the seed germination that has 1%~2%, type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, the horizontal furrow trench digging of drilling person, ditch is apart from 25~30 centimetres, 10 centimetres of sown scopes, dark 3~5 centimetres, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, broadcasting sowing is that seed evenly is sprinkling upon the furrow face, 1, seed is arranged every 2~3 centimetres, broadcasts the bonnet fine earth, take the drowning seed as degree, last furrow cover grass, 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, as antecedent soil moisture, row sowing again after 3~4 days furrow faces water prior to seeding is to guarantee that seed germinates smoothly, the sorrel seedling management: after planting as suitable in temperature, humidity, germinate about 10 days, throws off in the afternoon covering grass after germinateing, after seedling all sprouts, in time weeding, water, as too close in seedling, can impose thin night soil 2~3 times seedling stage in conjunction with the 1st weeding thinning, final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throw off covering when next year sprouts, as it is normal to germinate, and manages proper, can breed strong sprout 70,000~100,000 strains for every mu, 35~50 mu of energy field planting,
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, during transplanting, select root that the thick seedling of middle finger is arranged, the elongated portion with lateral root and main root after turn up cuts off, and transplanted seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, spacing in the rows is 0.25m, plantation alternate with corn, and mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Earthing after planting, blinding should be shallow, Miao Ye basseted, in order to growth; Make base fertilizer with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg for every mu, execute rear cultivation seedling, notice that root can not directly contact with fertilizer;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and is beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
The method of a kind of sorrel of the present invention and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that comprising following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: select well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, by the ridge heart, ridge heart 180cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, spread fertilizer over the fields fertilizer in ditch; Fetch earth on the both sides of ditch again and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.3m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, both sides, ridge furrow width 0.25m, the centre is the reservation row of 1.0m; Then covering with plastic film is transplanted in order to corn on the ridge;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: select soil to do the seedbed, the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching makes nutritive cube;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when corn is transplanted, mu is planted corn 3300 strains, draws nest in the both sides, ridge, is that 0.25m puts into rear earthing with nutritive cube by spacing in the rows, and the thickness of soil is advisable so that nutritive cube is covered tightly; Fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
D, sorrel are grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, and type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities of drilling; Broadcast sowing 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities; The sorrel seedling management: after emerging, in time weeding, watering, fertilizing;
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, and the elongated portion with lateral root and main root during transplanting cuts off, and mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Plantation 3 row in reserving row, middle row becomes " product " word arrangement with the both sides row, apply fertilizer to the subsoil in the cave, executes rear cultivation seedling;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and is beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
The method of a kind of sorrel of the present invention and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that described method comprises following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: select well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, when pressing wide-narrow row planting, the ridge heart is drawn 10cm depth ditch to ridge heart 180cm, spread fertilizer over the fields 1500~2500 kilograms of decomposed dungs in ditch, compounding application NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 40~50kg/ mu, add zinc fertilizer 1.5~2kg/ mu again; Fetch earth on the both sides of ditch again and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.3m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, both sides, ridge furrow width 0.25m, the centre is the reservation row of 1.0m; Then covering with plastic film is transplanted in order to corn on the ridge;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: the early April sowing, and the selection physical features is smooth, the soil property fertile soil is done the seedbed, the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching, meticulous whole soil is executed well-rotted farmyard manure 10kg/m 2, phosphate fertilizer 1.5kg/m 2, zinc fertilizer 100g/m 2, Furadan 100g/m 2, add loose stool and mix wetly, can hold agglomeratingly, exoergic is loose, and fermentation reactor system was made nutritive cube by the land for growing field crops more than 0.5 ten thousand pieces/mu after 2~3 days; During sowing, radicle is downward, plants and goes up dorsad; After planting first spread the thin layer fine earth and cover, then the epiphragma of puing up a shed, note compacting protection against rodents sparrow around film is caused harm, do not take off film before emerging, when emerging to 1 leaf 1 heart, take off film daytime, night, epiphragma, planted front 2~3 days hardenings, chases after to send with loose stool water and transfer fertilizer;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when corn is transplanted, mu is planted corn 3300 strains, draws nest in the both sides, ridge, is that 0.25m puts into rear earthing with nutritive cube by spacing in the rows, and the thickness of soil is advisable so that nutritive cube is covered tightly; Fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
d, sorrel is grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, sow in spring in the rear sowing of thawing of local plough horizon, generally with autumn sowing for well, the percentage of seedgermination that cause is gathered then is high, the seed of sowing in spring preferably carries out vernalization to be processed, method is seed to be put into the warm water of 18 ℃~20 ℃ soaked 6~8 hours, pull out after soaking, cover with wet cloth, rush 1~2 time with cold water every day, just sowing immediately when the seed germination that has 1%~2%, type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, the horizontal furrow trench digging of drilling person, ditch is apart from 25~30 centimetres, 10 centimetres of sown scopes, dark 3~5 centimetres, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, broadcasting sowing is that seed evenly is sprinkling upon the furrow face, 1, seed is arranged every 2~3 centimetres, broadcasts the bonnet fine earth, take the drowning seed as degree, last furrow cover grass, 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, as antecedent soil moisture, row sowing again after 3~4 days furrow faces water prior to seeding is to guarantee that seed germinates smoothly, the sorrel seedling management: after planting as suitable in temperature, humidity, germinate about 10 days, throws off in the afternoon covering grass after germinateing, after seedling all sprouts, in time weeding, water, as too close in seedling, can impose thin night soil 2~3 times seedling stage in conjunction with the 1st weeding thinning, final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throw off covering when next year sprouts, as it is normal to germinate, and manages proper, can breed strong sprout 70,000~100,000 strains for every mu, 35~50 mu of energy field planting,
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, during transplanting, selected root that the thick seedling of middle finger is arranged, and the elongated portion with lateral root and main root after turn up cuts off, and mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Plantation 3 row, press line space 0.35m in reserving row, and spacing in the rows 0.35m digs the cave, middle row becomes " product " word arrangement with the both sides row, apply fertilizer to the subsoil in the cave, and every mu with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg, execute rear cultivation seedling, notice that root can not directly contact with fertilizer;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter,
And add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and be beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
The present invention has following advantage is arranged compared with the prior art: sorrel and long-stalked crop corn relay interplanting can be created the dark and damp environment that is conducive to its growth artificially, are conducive to the rheum officinale growth, can improve its output and quality.Can take full advantage of temperature, light, water and soil ground resource, with homalographic under the prerequisite that does not reduce sorrel planting density and output, can increase by two season grain yield, effectively alleviated the grain medicine and striven ground contradiction, improved significantly economic benefit.Present technique is easy and simple to handle, saves cost, easily promotes.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment, but the working of an invention mode is not limited to this.
Example 1:
The whole ground of selection of land: the plantation rheum officinale will be selected well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam.Deep ploughing is more than 33 centimetres, and rake is thin, removes grass roots, stone, makes loosing soil, smooth.Corn is first drawn 10cm depth ditch by the ridge heart to ridge heart 80cm by waiting line-spacing plantation, spreads fertilizer over the fields 2500~4500 kilograms of decomposed dungs in ditch, then compounding application NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 50~60kg/ mu,, add zinc fertilizer 1.5~2kg/ mu.Fetch earth between two ridges and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.5m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, then covering with plastic film is in order to transplanting.
Corn nourishment piece (or dish) is grown seedlings: the early April sowing, broadcast rear epiphragma, and plant front 2~3d hardening, chase after to send with loose stool water and transfer fertilizer.
The corn field film mulching and planting: when a) line-spacing such as corn is transplanted, maize seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and spacing in the rows is 0.25m.Mu is planted corn 3300 strains.B) fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely.
Sorrel is grown seedlings: a) grow seedlings: minute spring sowing, seed are first carried out vernalization and are processed.Method is seed to be put into the warm water of 18 ℃~20 ℃ soaked 6~8 hours, pulls out after soaking, and covers with wet cloth, and every day is with cold water punching 1~2 time.Just sowing immediately when the seed germination that has 1%~2%.Type of seeding is drilling.The horizontal furrow of drilling person trench digging, ditch be apart from 25~30 centimetres, 10 centimetres of sown scopes, dark 3~5 centimetres, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities; Broadcast the bonnet fine earth, take the drowning seed as degree, last furrow cover grass, 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities.As antecedent soil moisture, row sowing again after 3~4 days furrow faces water prior to seeding is to guarantee that seed germinates smoothly.B) seedling management: throw off in the afternoon covering grass after germinateing.After seedling all sprouts, in time weeding, water.As too close in seedling, can be in conjunction with the 1st weeding thinning.Impose thin night soil 2~3 times seedling stage.Final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throws off covering when next year sprouts.
Sorrel is transplanted: a) transplanting time: transplant in mid-March, the 2nd.B) get seedling-growing method: during transplanting, select root that the thick seedling of middle finger (too small seedling is stayed the seedbed and continues to cultivate) is arranged, the elongated portion with lateral root and main root after turn up cuts off.C) transplantation technique: transplanted seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and spacing in the rows is 0.25m.Plantation alternate with corn, mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains.
Sorrel field management: a) intertill and clean tillage: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July.Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April.Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year.B) topdress and earth up: all can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and is beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing.C) carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest.D) non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
Example 2:
The whole ground of selection of land: with example 1.
Corn nourishment piece (or dish) is grown seedlings: with example 1.
Corn field film mulching and planting: with example 1.
Sorrel is grown seedlings: a) grow seedlings: autumn sowing.Method is to broadcast sowing, and seed evenly is sprinkling upon the furrow face, 1, seed is arranged every 2~3 centimetres, broadcasts the bonnet fine earth, take the drowning seed as degree, and last furrow cover grass, 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities.As antecedent soil moisture, row sowing again after 3~4 days furrow faces water prior to seeding is to guarantee that seed germinates smoothly.B) seedling management: with example 1.
Sorrel is transplanted: a) transplanting time: in mid-March, the 3rd.B) get seedling-growing method: with example 1.C) planting density: with example 1.
Other management is with example 1.
Example 3:
The whole ground of selection of land: the plantation rheum officinale will be selected well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam.Deep ploughing is more than 33 centimetres, and rake is thin, removes grass roots, stone, makes loosing soil, smooth.Press wide-narrow row planting, first by the ridge heart, ridge heart 180cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, spread fertilizer over the fields 1500~2500 kilograms of decomposed dungs in ditch, then compounding application NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 40~50kg/ mu, add zinc fertilizer 1.5~2kg/ mu.Fetch earth on the both sides of ditch again and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.3m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, both sides, ridge furrow width 0.25m, the centre is the reservation row of 1.0m.Then covering with plastic film is transplanted in order to corn on the ridge.
Corn nourishment piece (or dish) is grown seedlings: with example 1.
The corn field film mulching and planting: when a) wide-and narrow-row is cultivated, drawing nest in the both sides, ridge, is that 0.25m puts into rear earthing with nutritive cube by spacing in the rows, and the thickness of soil is advisable so that nutritive cube is covered tightly.B) fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely.
Sorrel is grown seedlings: with example 1
Sorrel is transplanted: a) transplanting time: with example 1.B) get seedling-growing method: with example 1.C) transplantation technique: when wide-narrow row planting, plantation 3 row, press line space 0.35m in reserving row, and spacing in the rows 0.35m digs the cave, notices that middle row becomes " product " word arrangement with the both sides row.Apply fertilizer to the subsoil in the cave, every mu with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg.Execute rear cultivation seedling, notice that root can not directly contact with fertilizer.Earthing after planting, blinding should be shallow, Miao Ye basseted, in order to growth.
Sorrel field management: with example 1

Claims (4)

1. the method for a sorrel and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that comprising following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: selects well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, the weeding of deep ploughing is smooth; Deng the line-spacing maize planting, by the ridge heart, ridge heart 80cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, spread fertilizer over the fields decomposed dung, NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium and zinc fertilizer in ditch; Fetch earth between two ridges and cover on dressing furrow, make the ridge, then covering with plastic film is in order to transplanting;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: select soil to do the seedbed, matured compost is executed in the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching, and makes nutritive cube; After planting first spread the thin layer fine earth and cover, then the epiphragma of puing up a shed;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when the line-spacings such as corn are transplanted, maize seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
D, sorrel are grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, and type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities of drilling; Broadcasting sowing is 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities; The sorrel seedling management: emerge rear timely weeding, watering, fertilizing, final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throws off covering when next year sprouts;
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, and the elongated portion with lateral root and main root during transplanting cuts off, transplanted seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and spacing in the rows is 0.25m, plantation alternate with corn, mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Earthing after planting, blinding should be shallow, and Miao Ye is basseted; Make base fertilizer with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg, execute rear cultivation seedling for every mu;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
2. according to the method for a kind of sorrel claimed in claim 1 and corn relay interplanting, it is characterized in that described method comprises following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: selects well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, deep ploughing is more than 33 centimetres, and rake is carefully removed grass roots, stone, makes loosing soil, smooth; Deng the line-spacing maize planting, by the ridge heart, ridge heart 80cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, in ditch, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields 2500~4500 kilograms of decomposed dungs, NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 50-60kg and zinc fertilizer 1.5~2kg; Fetch earth between two ridges and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.5m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, then covering with plastic film is in order to transplanting;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: the early April sowing, and the selection physical features is smooth, the soil property fertile soil is done the seedbed, the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching, meticulous whole soil is executed well-rotted farmyard manure 10kg/m 2, phosphate fertilizer 1.5kg/m 2, zinc fertilizer 100g/m 2, Furadan 100g/m 2, add loose stool and mix wetly, can hold agglomeratingly, exoergic is loose, and fermentation reactor system was made nutritive cube by the land for growing field crops more than 0.5 ten thousand pieces/mu after 2~3 days; During sowing, radicle is downward, plants and goes up dorsad; After planting first spread the thin layer fine earth and cover, then the epiphragma of puing up a shed, note compacting protection against rodents sparrow around film is caused harm, do not take off film before emerging, when emerging to 1 leaf 1 heart, take off film daytime, night, epiphragma, planted front 2~3 days hardenings, chases after to send with loose stool water and transfer fertilizer;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when the line-spacings such as corn are transplanted, maize seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, and spacing in the rows is 0.25m, and mu is planted corn 3300 strains, and fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
d, sorrel is grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, sow in spring in the rear sowing of thawing of local plough horizon, generally with autumn sowing for well, the percentage of seedgermination that cause is gathered then is high, the seed of sowing in spring preferably carries out vernalization to be processed, method is seed to be put into the warm water of 18 ℃~20 ℃ soaked 6~8 hours, pull out after soaking, cover with wet cloth, rush 1~2 time with cold water every day, just sowing immediately when the seed germination that has 1%~2%, type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, the horizontal furrow trench digging of drilling person, ditch is apart from 25~30 centimetres, 10 centimetres of sown scopes, dark 3~5 centimetres, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, broadcasting sowing is that seed evenly is sprinkling upon the furrow face, 1, seed is arranged every 2~3 centimetres, broadcasts the bonnet fine earth, take the drowning seed as degree, last furrow cover grass, 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, as antecedent soil moisture, row sowing again after 3~4 days furrow faces water prior to seeding is to guarantee that seed germinates smoothly, the sorrel seedling management: after planting as suitable in temperature, humidity, germinate about 10 days, throws off in the afternoon covering grass after germinateing, after seedling all sprouts, in time weeding, water, as too close in seedling, can impose thin night soil 2~3 times seedling stage in conjunction with the 1st weeding thinning, final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throw off covering when next year sprouts, as it is normal to germinate, and manages proper, can breed strong sprout 70,000~100,000 strains for every mu, 35~50 mu of energy field planting,
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, during transplanting, select root that the thick seedling of middle finger is arranged, the elongated portion with lateral root and main root after turn up cuts off, and transplanted seedling is planted in the middle of the ridge, every ridge delegation, spacing in the rows is 0.25m, plantation alternate with corn, and mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Earthing after planting, blinding should be shallow, Miao Ye basseted, in order to growth; Make base fertilizer with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg for every mu, execute rear cultivation seedling, notice that root can not directly contact with fertilizer;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and is beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
3. the method for a sorrel and corn relay interplanting is characterized in that comprising following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: select well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, by the ridge heart, ridge heart 180cm is drawn 10cm depth ditch, spread fertilizer over the fields fertilizer in ditch; Fetch earth on the both sides of ditch again and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.3m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, both sides, ridge furrow width 0.25m, the centre is the reservation row of 1.0m; Then covering with plastic film is transplanted in order to corn on the ridge;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: select soil to do the seedbed, the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching makes nutritive cube;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when corn is transplanted, mu is planted corn 3300 strains, draws nest in the both sides, ridge, is that 0.25m puts into rear earthing with nutritive cube by spacing in the rows, and the thickness of soil is advisable so that nutritive cube is covered tightly; Fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
D, sorrel are grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, and type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities of drilling; Broadcast sowing 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities; The sorrel seedling management: after emerging, in time weeding, watering, fertilizing;
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, and the elongated portion with lateral root and main root during transplanting cuts off, and mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Plantation 3 row in reserving row, middle row becomes " product " word arrangement with the both sides row, apply fertilizer to the subsoil in the cave, executes rear cultivation seedling;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and is beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
4. a kind of sorrel of stating according to claim 3 and the method for corn relay interplanting is characterized in that described method comprises following operating procedure:
The whole ground of a, selection of land: select well-drained sand loam or contain the plot of humus loam, when pressing wide-narrow row planting, the ridge heart is drawn 10cm depth ditch to ridge heart 180cm, spread fertilizer over the fields 1500~2500 kilograms of decomposed dungs in ditch, compounding application NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 40~50kg/ mu, add zinc fertilizer 1.5~2kg/ mu again; Fetch earth on the both sides of ditch again and cover on dressing furrow, make wide 0.3m, the ridge of high 0.30~0.40 centimetre, both sides, ridge furrow width 0.25m, the centre is the reservation row of 1.0m; Then covering with plastic film is transplanted in order to corn on the ridge;
B, corn nourishment piece or dish are grown seedlings: the early April sowing, and the selection physical features is smooth, the soil property fertile soil is done the seedbed, the whole railway carriage or compartment of ditching, meticulous whole soil is executed well-rotted farmyard manure 10kg/m 2, phosphate fertilizer 1.5kg/m 2, zinc fertilizer 100g/m 2, Furadan 100g/m 2, add loose stool and mix wetly, can hold agglomeratingly, exoergic is loose, and fermentation reactor system was made nutritive cube by the land for growing field crops more than 0.5 ten thousand pieces/mu after 2~3 days; During sowing, radicle is downward, plants and goes up dorsad; After planting first spread the thin layer fine earth and cover, then the epiphragma of puing up a shed, note compacting protection against rodents sparrow around film is caused harm, do not take off film before emerging, when emerging to 1 leaf 1 heart, take off film daytime, night, epiphragma, planted front 2~3 days hardenings, chases after to send with loose stool water and transfer fertilizer;
C, corn field film mulching and planting: when corn is transplanted, mu is planted corn 3300 strains, draws nest in the both sides, ridge, is that 0.25m puts into rear earthing with nutritive cube by spacing in the rows, and the thickness of soil is advisable so that nutritive cube is covered tightly; Fertilising, weeding, results are all carried out routinely;
d, sorrel is grown seedlings: grow seedlings minute spring sowing and an autumn sowing, sow in spring in the rear sowing of thawing of local plough horizon, generally with autumn sowing for well, the percentage of seedgermination that cause is gathered then is high, the seed of sowing in spring preferably carries out vernalization to be processed, method is seed to be put into the warm water of 18 ℃~20 ℃ soaked 6~8 hours, pull out after soaking, cover with wet cloth, rush 1~2 time with cold water every day, just sowing immediately when the seed germination that has 1%~2%, type of seeding divides drilling and broadcasts sowing, the horizontal furrow trench digging of drilling person, ditch is apart from 25~30 centimetres, 10 centimetres of sown scopes, dark 3~5 centimetres, 1.5~2 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, broadcasting sowing is that seed evenly is sprinkling upon the furrow face, 1, seed is arranged every 2~3 centimetres, broadcasts the bonnet fine earth, take the drowning seed as degree, last furrow cover grass, 2~4 kilograms of every mu of sowing quantities, as antecedent soil moisture, row sowing again after 3~4 days furrow faces water prior to seeding is to guarantee that seed germinates smoothly, the sorrel seedling management: after planting as suitable in temperature, humidity, germinate about 10 days, throws off in the afternoon covering grass after germinateing, after seedling all sprouts, in time weeding, water, as too close in seedling, can impose thin night soil 2~3 times seedling stage in conjunction with the 1st weeding thinning, final singling when 10~15 centimetres of heights of seedling, with soil, grass or fallen leaves cover after Hui Miao early winter, throw off covering when next year sprouts, as it is normal to germinate, and manages proper, can breed strong sprout 70,000~100,000 strains for every mu, 35~50 mu of energy field planting,
E, sorrel are transplanted: transplanted the 2nd year 3~April, autumn sowing person transplanted the 3rd year 3~April, during transplanting, selected root that the thick seedling of middle finger is arranged, and the elongated portion with lateral root and main root after turn up cuts off, and mu is planted sorrel 3300 strains; Plantation 3 row, press line space 0.35m in reserving row, and spacing in the rows 0.35m digs the cave, middle row becomes " product " word arrangement with the both sides row, apply fertilizer to the subsoil in the cave, and every mu with decomposed dung 2000~4000kg and NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 5~10kg, execute rear cultivation seedling, notice that root can not directly contact with fertilizer;
F, sorrel field management: First Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October in 6~July; Second Year weeding secondary, the 1st time the 2nd time after falling seedling 9~October before emerging April; Only weeding was once before emerging in the 3rd year; All can topdress once after each intertill and clean tillage, use natural pond, Xi liquid spring and summer, and use compost in conjunction with ridging autumn and winter, and add phosphate fertilizer in compost, with the promotion root growth, and is beneficial to water-drainage antifreezing; Carry out routinely the extermination of disease and insect pest, non-seed field is in time extractd colored tongue.
CN 201110359626 2011-11-10 2011-11-10 Relay intercropping method for rheum palmatum and corn Pending CN103098626A (en)

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CN104705007A (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-06-17 林天国 Corn seedling transporting method using transplanting knife restructured by round head kitchen knife
CN103858644B (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-07-08 徐州市农业科学院 Method for cultivating Chinese yams without setting up Chinese yam holders
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CN105145055A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-16 融安县颖丰水果种植有限公司 Film-splicing seedling nursing method
CN105027946A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-11 贵州省仁怀市欢悦红粱种植有限公司 Corn cultivation method
CN105052529A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-11-18 贺逢宝 Method for cultivating medicinal and edible R. palmatum
CN106665066A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-05-17 曾琼 Corn planting method
CN107046997A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-08-18 王元龙 A kind of organic cultivation method of 5 years raw Rheum tanguticum Maxims
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