CN103193527B - Organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and production method of organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and production method of organic fertilizer Download PDF

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CN103193527B
CN103193527B CN201310123373.3A CN201310123373A CN103193527B CN 103193527 B CN103193527 B CN 103193527B CN 201310123373 A CN201310123373 A CN 201310123373A CN 103193527 B CN103193527 B CN 103193527B
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chicken manure
thoroughly decomposed
fertilizer
padding
starter
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CN103193527A (en
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王彦彬
康相涛
田亚东
闫峰宾
李国喜
孙挂荣
韩瑞丽
蒋瑞瑞
孙向丽
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Puyang Huinong Organic Fertilizer Co., Ltd.
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Henan Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses an organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and a production method of the organic fertilizer, which belong to the technical field of culture waste treatment and biological fertilizer manufacture. According to the invention, the organic fertilizer is prepared and produced by the steps of aerobic curing and anaerobic fermentation, so that the problems of pollution and root burning caused by the chicken manure directly applied to fields are solved, and the innocent treatment and resource utilization of the chicken manure and padding are realized. The final product mainly comprise beneficial bacteria and metabolites of the beneficial bacteria, which have the characteristics that the fertility is durable, the macroecology of the soil can be improved to inhibit pest and disease damage, the soil structure can be improved to improve breathability and the development of the root systems of plants can be enhanced. The purpose of the aerobic curing is to inhibit the growth of infectious microbes, control metabolism direction, kill pathogenic microorganisms, adult parasite, parasite eggs and thermolabile infectious microbes by biological heat and provide a matrix for anaerobic fermentation by decomposing, transforming and synthesizing the microorganisms into thallus ingredients and small molecular substances; and the purpose of the anaerobic fermentation is to augment the beneficial bacteria and generate the metabolites such as organic acid.

Description

A kind of fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce
Technical field
The present invention is specifically related to a kind of fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce, belongs to breeding waste and processes and bio-feritlizer manufacturing technology field.
Background technology
China's poultry scale the first in the world, chicken manure and chicken bedding and padding output are huge, most because the reasons such as shortage treatment technology fail to make full use of, and cause serious environment pollution.Cause of disease blazes about with ight soil and bedding and padding on the one hand, and improper the causing of chicken manure and bedding and padding storing produces a large amount of stink and hazardous and noxious substances, causes atmospheric pollution, pollution of waterhead and soil pollution; Be that chicken manure and bedding and padding fail to make full use of as huge organic manure resource on the other hand, cause huge waste.
At Field of Planting, current a large amount of plantation family is due to shortage technology, or excessively pursue short, flat, use chemical fertilizer and field to burn crop material soon and in a large number, cause that soil compaction, fertility lack, disease and pest is serious.Therefore, the organic fertilizer product of efficient, green, the compound probiotics of market in urgent need and meta-bolites thereof.
Chinese patent (publication number: CN101125770A) discloses a kind of rotation of crops fertilizer of eliminating farm crop continuous cropping obstacle, technical process is for to inoculate decomposing microbial inoculum in fertilizer raw material, ensure that in water content be 50~65%, temperature is 55~65 DEG C, carbon-nitrogen ratio is under 25~30:1 and the pH value condition that is 5.5~8.0, quick fermentation 7~10 days, in the material of fermentation for the first time, inoculate functional bacterial strain again, under cold condition, Secondary Fermentation impels function yeast amount reproduction, so that probiotics quantity reaches the standard of bio-feritlizer.Wherein, described decomposing microbial inoculum adopts following component: thermophilic subtilis 30%, bacillus megaterium 20%, yeast 10%, flavus 10%, half-naked hair shell 10% and absidia corymbifera 20%, described fertilizer raw material is chicken manure 40%, cow dung 30% and straw powder 30%.But moisture content is higher in this technology, easily cause heating up slowly, fermentation period extends, slaking not even completely.In decomposing microbial inoculum, flavus very easily produces aflatoxin under suitable condition, and aflatoxin is a kind of carcinogenic substance, often causes immunosuppression and the poor growth of humans and animals.The fertilizer that adopts flavus to produce as decomposing agent is used on crop and easily causes crop pollution, finally causes that crop kernels flavus pollutes, and will cause aflatoxin to exceed standard if set it as food.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce.
Meanwhile, the present invention also provides a kind of method of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer.
In order to realize above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce, is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 60~90% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by the compound of chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding.
Described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1 × 10 9~1 × 10 11individual/g.
In described starter, be mixed with sucrose, the add-on of sucrose is 0.5~5% of starter quality.
The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic fermentation by the component of following quality percentage composition: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, decomposing agent 0.1~1%.
Described decomposing agent is by the composition of the microorganism of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%) (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism is 1 × 10 9~1 × 10 11individual/g.
Described broiler chicken bedding and padding are one or more the compound in rice husk, stalk, sawdust, vinasse, wheat bran, rice bran, wood chip sheet.The object one of adding broiler chicken bedding and padding is to provide growth matrix for decomposing microbial inoculum, most spore type bacterial adhesion can shorten growth cycle in matrix growth, and the 2nd, increase the bulking intensity of the aerobic raw material that becomes thoroughly decomposed, to improve air permeability, increase dissolved oxygen amount, be more suitable for like this growth of aerobic bacteria.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce a method for fertilizer, can prepare according to ordinary method.The present invention only provides a kind of concrete fermentation process, concrete steps are as follows: get following component according to mass percent: material 60~90% becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%, mix, controlling moisture content is 30~50%, is placed in air-tight environment, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, stops when probiotics quantity >=0.2 hundred million/g is fermentation.
Described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1 × 10 9~1 × 10 11individual/g.
In described starter, be mixed with sucrose, the add-on of sucrose is 0.5~5% of starter quality.
The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by the following method: get following component according to mass percent: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, decomposing agent 0.1~1%, decomposing agent is inoculated in the compound of chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding, mix, controlling moisture content is 30~50%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, controlling during this time temperature in material is 55~70 DEG C, and the material of waiting to become thoroughly decomposed is no longer from heating up the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Described broiler chicken bedding and padding are one or more the compound in rice husk, stalk, sawdust, vinasse, wheat bran, rice bran, wood chip sheet.
Described decomposing agent is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%) (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism is 1 × 10 9~1 × 10 11individual/g.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce a method for fertilizer, except above-mentioned steps, also comprise composite fertilizer step, by drying materials complete anaerobically fermenting, control moisture content≤20%, add nitrogen and/or phosphorus and/or potash fertilizer according to plant demand, mix and get final product.
Above-mentionedly aerobicly become thoroughly decomposed, moisture content is controlled by adjusting each component ratio in the step of anaerobically fermenting.
In described decomposing agent, genus bacillus is bacillus or the coccus that can produce gemma (statospore), aerobic or facultative anaerobe, and Gram-positive, peritrichous can move, high temperature resistant, and pH and salt are had to resistibility.Can produce a large amount of amylase, proteolytic enzyme, lipase, cellulase etc.Genus bacillus described in decomposing agent is selected from subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, Bacillus coagulans, bacillus pumilus, bacillus natto, bacillus thuringiensis, bacillus cereus.
Chlorella is one-celled plants, is a kind of efficient photosynthetic plant, with photoautotrophy growth and breeding, can breed and sporogenesis by binary fission, and long speed is fast, can manufacture oxygen, under cold condition, can grow, and 20~23 DEG C of well-growns.Can degrade, transform toxin and meta-bolites.Chlorella is of high nutritive value, and after breeding, himself can provide nutraceutical matrix for other biology.
Mould is the general designation of filamentous fungus, mainly breeds with spore, has flourishing mycelium and sporophore, can amount reproduction under the condition of warm moist, and fecundity is strong, can produce various lytic enzymes, the various organism of effectively degrading.Mould described in decomposing agent is selected from the harmless bacterial classifications such as Mucor, head mold, aspergillus (aspergillus niger or aspergillus oryzae), mould, wood is mould.
Actinomycetes are prokaryotic organism monoids, mainly with sporogenesis, are secondly fracture reproduction, aerobic.Saprophytic form heterotrophic bacterium.Can produce proteolytic enzyme, amylase and cellulase etc., and VITAMIN and organic acid.Optimum growth temperature is 23~37 DEG C, and at 20 DEG C of well-growns still below, high temperature modification growth temperature range is at 50~65 DEG C.Actinomycetes described in decomposing agent are selected from streptomyces, Frankia, Nocardia, high temperature micromonospora etc.
Photosynthetic bacteria is under anaerobic to carry out photosynthetic bacterium, can utilize using light as the energy, under anaerobism illumination or aerobic dark condition organism in environment, sulfide, ammonia etc. to carry out photosynthetic microorganism as the hydrogen donor carbon source of holding concurrently.Within the scope of 15~40 DEG C, all can grow, the toxic substance such as nitrite, sulfide that can degrade in environment.Photosynthetic bacterium described in decomposing agent is selected from Rhodopseudomonas palustris, the red bacterium of pod membrane, rhodopseudomonas acidophilus, Rhodopseudomonas spheroides etc.
Yeast is a kind of unicellular fungi, under aerobic and oxygen-free environment, can survive, and belongs to facultative anaerobe, and under aerobic conditions, Yeast Growth is rapid.Yeast has abundant extracellular enzyme, macromolecular substance can be resolved into the small-molecule substance that cell metabolism easily utilizes.Yeast optimum pH is 4.5~5.0, and optimum growth temperature is at 20~30 DEG C.Yeast described in decomposing agent is selected from Candida utilis, candida tropicalis, butyric acid candiyeast, ferment brewer yeast, cereuisiae fermentum etc.
Wherein, between actinomycetes, mould, genus bacillus and chlorella, there is synergy.Chlorella is psychrophile, actinomycetes and mould grow at medium temperature condition, all the objectionable impurities in chicken manure and bedding and padding can be transformed, are decomposed into innoxious substance, and can produce the outer metabolic enzyme of a large amount of born of the same parents, organic metabolism is degraded, genus bacillus is high temperature bacterium, and in the time that temperature is suitable, reproduction speed is fast, still can growth and breeding in the time that material temperature is higher, therefore, these four kinds of bacterium have synergy together, and the growth that actinomycetes and mould are sporeformer provides basal temperature, make genus bacillus obtain fast breeding.
Synergy between actinomycetes, mould, genus bacillus, yeast, chlorella and photosynthetic bacterium shows as: chlorella and photosynthetic bacterium can grow at low temperatures, degradation of organic substances, comprise that yeast etc. self can be again other bacterium nutraceutical matrix is provided, chlorella can produce oxygen, for genus bacillus, yeast etc. provide partial oxygen.The physilogical characteristics of each microorganism determine that they have synergy, join together to use be better than a kind of or two kinds separately.
In described starter, milk-acid bacteria is that a class is without gemma, gram-positive bacterium, belong to heterotrophism anaerobic type, the organic matter in environment can be converted into the small-molecule substance that small peptide, amino acid, the free lipid of small molecules and organic acid etc. are more easily absorbed by root system of plant after lactobacillus-fermented.Milk-acid bacteria is adsorbed on root system and can shields, and promotes root growth and development.Yeast described in starter is selected from pediococcus acidilactici, Pediococcus pentosaceus, streptococcus faecium, plant lactobacillus, casein milk bacillus, Lactobacillus buchneri, lactobacillus fermentum etc.
Yeast is with yeast in above-mentioned decomposing agent.
Genus bacillus is the genus bacillus that can produce organic acid genus bacillus and have control plant pest effect, is selected from bacillus natto, Bacillus coagulans, lactic acid bacillus, clostridium butylicum, bacillus pumilus, bacillus thuringiensis etc.The long speed of genus bacillus is fast, produces a large amount of metabolic enzymes, by organic matter degradation, also have biology and take oxygen effect by force, it can consume rapidly the free oxygen in fermentation material, causes low-oxygen environment, promote the growth of the useful anerobe of milk-acid bacteria, and produce the organic acid such as lactic acid, butyric acid.Bacillus thuringiensis has insecticidal action.
Wherein, between milk-acid bacteria, yeast and genus bacillus, there is synergy.Genus bacillus and yeast can produce a large amount of generations and penetrate enzyme, degradation of organic substances, for milk-acid bacteria provides nutraceutical matrix, genus bacillus is aerobic bacteria simultaneously, oxygen consumed creation low-oxygen environment is conducive to the growth of milk-acid bacteria rapidly, thereby produces the lower-molecular substance that more root system of plant easily absorbs.Genus bacillus, particularly after bacillus thuringiensis amount reproduction, in farmland, not only provides a large amount of beneficial microorganisms as organic fertilizer application, and can play the effect of controlling crop diseases and insect pests in addition.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention by aerobicly becoming thoroughly decomposed, the preparation of anaerobically fermenting step produces fertilizer, having solved chicken manure directly executes the pollution causing in field and burns root problem, realize harmless treatment, recycling to chicken manure and bedding and padding, final product is mainly probiotics and meta-bolites thereof, have fertility lasting, can improve the grand ecological feature that disease and pest, improvement Soil structure increase ventilation property, promote plant root system development that suppresses of soil.
Aerobic object of becoming thoroughly decomposed of first stage is for suppressing varied bacteria growing control metabolism direction, by biological heat pathogenic microbe killing, parasite adult and worm's ovum and heat labile miscellaneous bacteria, simultaneously by biology become thoroughly decomposed macromolecular substance and poisonous and harmful composition the degraded by microorganism, transform, synthesize thalline composition and small-molecule substance, for second step anaerobically fermenting provides matrix; The object of subordinate phase anaerobically fermenting is for amplification probiotics and produce the meta-bolitess such as organic acid, probiotics can improve the grand ecological disease and pest that suppresses of soil, meta-bolites can increase Nutrients uptake plant-growth, stimulates root system development to make plant stalwartness, controlling crop diseases and insect pests; The composite object of phase III fertilizer is according to different plant demands, and suitably compound other quick-acting fertilizers, to improve effect.
Embodiment
Following embodiment is only described in further detail the present invention, but does not form any limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment, is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 60% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 30%, maize peel 10%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by chicken manure.
In the present embodiment, utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent, 1% decomposing agent is inoculated in 99% chicken manure, in decomposing agent, the quantity per-cent of each microorganism is: streptomycete: aspergillus niger: bacillus bacillus subtilis: chlorella=(15%): (15%): (60%): (10%), the total concn of microorganism is 1 × 10 9individual/gram, mix, controlling moisture content is 30%, accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, turning ventilation 3 times during whole becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 65 DEG C, wait to become thoroughly decomposed material no longer from heating up, loose, be without excrement stink the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 30% starter according to mass percent, in starter, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is: lactobacillus plantarum: Candida utilis: subtilis: bacillus thuringiensis=(60%): (10%): (15%): (15%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1 × 10 10individual/gram, per kilogram starter is sneaked in the maize peel that adds 10% after 5 grams of sucrose, mix, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds again 60% step (1) to prepare, mixes, and the moisture content of controlling material is 30%, be placed in mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments and stops afterwards for 7 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity for>=0.2 hundred million/g.
Embodiment 2
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment, is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 90% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1%, maize peel 9%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by the compound of chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding.
In the present embodiment, utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent, 0.1% decomposing agent is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 90% chicken manure and 9.9%, in decomposing agent, the quantity per-cent of each microorganism is: actinomycetes: aspergillus niger: subtilis: chlorella: Candida utilis bacterium=(10%): (10%): (60%): (10%): (10%), the total concn of microorganism is 1.25 × 10 9individual/gram, mix, controlling moisture content is 50%, accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, turning ventilation 5 times during whole becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 62 DEG C, wait to become thoroughly decomposed material no longer from heating up, loose, be without excrement stink the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 1% starter according to mass percent, in starter, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is: lactobacillus fermentum: brewer yeast: Bacillus licheniformis: bacillus thuringiensis=(50%): (20%): (15%): (15%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1.25 × 10 9individual/gram, per kilogram starter is sneaked in the maize peel that adds 9% after 50 grams of sucrose, mix, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds again 90% step (1) to prepare, mixes, and the moisture content of controlling material is 30%, be placed in mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments and stops afterwards for 10 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity for>=0.2 hundred million/g;
(3) the composite stage of fertilizer: by the complete drying materials of step (2) anaerobically fermenting, controlling moisture content is 10%, gets the material 1000kg of oven dry, adds respectively nitrogenous fertilizer, the phosphate fertilizer of 2kg and the potash fertilizer of 2kg of 2kg, mixes.
Embodiment 3
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment, is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 84% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 15%, maize peel 1%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by the compound of chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding.
In the present embodiment, utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent, 0.5% decomposing agent is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 50% chicken manure and 49.5%, in decomposing agent, the quantity per-cent of each microorganism is: high temperature micromonospora: Trichoderma: subtilis: chlorella: photosynthetic bacterium: yeast=(10%): (10%): (50%): (10%): (10%): (10%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1.5 × 10 9individual/gram, broiler chicken bedding and padding adopt sawdust and the rice husk of 1:1 quality, mix, controlling moisture content is 40%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, turning ventilation 4 times during whole becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 60 DEG C, wait to become thoroughly decomposed material no longer from heat up, loose, be without excrement stink the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 15% starter according to mass percent, in starter, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is: streptococcus faecium: bacillus megaterium: bacillus pumilus=(90%): (5%): (5%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1.25 × 10 9individual/gram, per kilogram starter is sneaked in the maize peel that adds 1% after 20 grams of sucrose, mix, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds again 84% step (1) to prepare, mixes, and the moisture content of controlling material is 35%, be placed in mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments and stops afterwards for 6 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity for>=0.2 hundred million/g;
(3) the composite stage of fertilizer: by the complete drying materials of step (2) anaerobically fermenting, controlling moisture content is 10%, gets the material 1000kg of oven dry, adds respectively the nitrogenous fertilizer of 5kg, and the phosphate fertilizer of 3kg and the potash fertilizer of 2kg, mix.
Embodiment 4
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment, is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 80% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 15%, maize peel 5%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by the compound of chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding.
In the present embodiment, utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent, 0.5% decomposing agent is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 75% chicken manure and 24.5%, in decomposing agent, the quantity per-cent of each microorganism is: streptomycete: aspergillus niger: bacillus bacillus subtilis: chlorella=(5%): (5%): (85%): (5%), the total concn of microorganism is 1.5 × 10 9individual/gram, mix, controlling moisture content is 35%, accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, turning ventilation 3 times during whole becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 60 DEG C, wait to become thoroughly decomposed material no longer from heating up, loose, be without excrement stink the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 15% starter according to mass percent, in starter, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is: lactobacillus plantarum: Candida utilis: subtilis: bacillus thuringiensis=(60%): (10%): (15%): (15%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1 × 10 9individual/gram, per kilogram starter is sneaked in the maize peel that adds 5% after 25 grams of sucrose, mix, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds again 80% step (1) to prepare, mixes, and the moisture content of controlling material is 30%, be placed in mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments and stops afterwards for 8 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity for>=0.2 hundred million/g.
Embodiment 5
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment, is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 70% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 20%, maize peel 10%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by the compound of chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding.
In the present embodiment, utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent, 1% decomposing agent is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 70% chicken manure and 29%, in decomposing agent, the quantity per-cent of each microorganism is: high temperature micromonospora: Trichoderma: subtilis: chlorella: photosynthetic bacterium: yeast=(20%): (5%): (5%): (30%): (20%): (20%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 2 × 10 9individual/gram, broiler chicken bedding and padding adopt sawdust and the rice husk of 3:1 quality, mix, controlling moisture content is 40%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, turning ventilation 4 times during whole becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 60 DEG C, wait to become thoroughly decomposed material no longer from heat up, loose, be without excrement stink the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 20% starter according to mass percent, in starter, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is: streptococcus faecium: candida tropicalis: bacillus megaterium: bacillus pumilus=(80%): (10%): (5%): (5%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1.25 × 10 9individual/gram, per kilogram starter is sneaked in the maize peel that adds 10% after 30 grams of sucrose, mix, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds again 70% step (1) to prepare, mixes, and the moisture content of controlling material is 35%, be placed in mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments and stops afterwards for 7 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity for>=0.2 hundred million/g;
(3) the composite stage of fertilizer: by the complete drying materials of step (2) anaerobically fermenting, controlling moisture content is 10%, gets the material 1000kg of oven dry, adds respectively the nitrogenous fertilizer of 3kg, and the phosphate fertilizer of 3kg and the potash fertilizer of 2kg, mix.
Described in embodiment 1~5, the bacterial classification of decomposing agent, fresh starter is purchased from Chinese common micro-organisms culture presevation administrative center or cultivate by ordinary method picking.

Claims (3)

1. a fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce, is characterized in that: the component by following quality percentage composition is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting: the material 60~90% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by the compound of chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding;
The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic fermentation by the component of following quality percentage composition: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, decomposing agent 0.1~1%;
Described decomposing agent is by the composition of the microorganism of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%): (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism is 1 × 10 9~1 × 10 11individual/g;
Described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification is 1 × 10 9~1 × 10 11individual/g.
2. the production method of a fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: concrete steps are as follows: get following component according to mass percent: material 60~90% becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%, mixes, and controlling moisture content is 30~50%, be placed in air-tight environment, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, and when pH value≤6.5, or probiotics quantity >=0.2 hundred million/g is fermentation termination.
3. the production method of fertilizer according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: get following component according to mass percent: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, decomposing agent 0.1~1%, is inoculated in decomposing agent in the compound of chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding, mixes, controlling moisture content is 30~50%, accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, and controlling during this time temperature in material is 55~70 DEG C, and the material of waiting to become thoroughly decomposed is no longer from heating up the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed.
CN201310123373.3A 2013-04-10 2013-04-10 Organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and production method of organic fertilizer Active CN103193527B (en)

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