CN103193527A - Organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and production method of organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and production method of organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103193527A
CN103193527A CN2013101233733A CN201310123373A CN103193527A CN 103193527 A CN103193527 A CN 103193527A CN 2013101233733 A CN2013101233733 A CN 2013101233733A CN 201310123373 A CN201310123373 A CN 201310123373A CN 103193527 A CN103193527 A CN 103193527A
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chicken manure
thoroughly decomposed
fertilizer
fermenting
produce
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CN103193527B (en
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王彦彬
康相涛
田亚东
闫峰宾
李国喜
孙挂荣
韩瑞丽
蒋瑞瑞
孙向丽
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Puyang Huinong Organic Fertilizer Co., Ltd.
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Henan Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses an organic fertilizer fermented by chicken manure and a production method of the organic fertilizer, which belong to the technical field of culture waste treatment and biological fertilizer manufacture. According to the invention, the organic fertilizer is prepared and produced by the steps of aerobic curing and anaerobic fermentation, so that the problems of pollution and root burning caused by the chicken manure directly applied to fields are solved, and the innocent treatment and resource utilization of the chicken manure and padding are realized. The final product mainly comprise beneficial bacteria and metabolites of the beneficial bacteria, which have the characteristics that the fertility is durable, the macroecology of the soil can be improved to inhibit pest and disease damage, the soil structure can be improved to improve breathability and the development of the root systems of plants can be enhanced. The purpose of the aerobic curing is to inhibit the growth of infectious microbes, control metabolism direction, kill pathogenic microorganisms, adult parasite, parasite eggs and thermolabile infectious microbes by biological heat and provide a matrix for anaerobic fermentation by decomposing, transforming and synthesizing the microorganisms into thallus ingredients and small molecular substances; and the purpose of the anaerobic fermentation is to augment the beneficial bacteria and generate the metabolites such as organic acid.

Description

A kind of fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce
Technical field
The present invention is specifically related to a kind of fertilizer and production method thereof of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce, belongs to offal treatment and the bio-feritlizer manufacturing technology field of culturing.
Background technology
China's poultry scale the first in the world, chicken manure and chicken bedding and padding output are huge, and is most owing to reasons such as shortage treatment technology fail to take full advantage of, and causes serious environment pollution.Cause of disease blazes about with ight soil and bedding and padding on the one hand, and improper the causing of chicken manure and bedding and padding storing produces a large amount of stink and hazardous and noxious substances, causes atmospheric pollution, pollution of waterhead and soil pollution; Be that chicken manure and bedding and padding fail to take full advantage of as huge organic manure resource on the other hand, cause huge waste.
In the plant husbandry field, current a large amount of plantation family is because the shortage technology, perhaps excessively pursue short, flat, use chemical fertilizer and field to burn crop material soon and in a large number, cause that soil compaction, fertility lack, disease and pest is serious.Therefore, the organic fertilizer product of efficient, green, the compound probiotics of market in urgent need and meta-bolites thereof.
Chinese patent (publication number: CN101125770A) disclose a kind of rotation of crops fertilizer of eliminating the farm crop continuous cropping obstacle, technical process is for to inoculate decomposing microbial inoculum in the fertilizer raw material, guarantee that in water content be 50~65%, temperature is 55~65 ℃, carbon-nitrogen ratio is that 25~30:1 and pH value are under 5.5~8.0 the condition, quick fermentation 7~10 days, in the material of fermentation for the first time, inoculate functional bacterial strain again, Secondary Fermentation impels function yeast to breed in a large number under the cold condition, so that probiotics quantity reaches the standard of bio-feritlizer.Wherein, described decomposing microbial inoculum adopts following component: thermophilic subtilis 30%, bacillus megaterium 20%, yeast 10%, flavus 10%, half-naked hair shell 10% and absidia corymbifera 20%, described fertilizer raw material is chicken manure 40%, cow dung 30% and straw powder 30%.Yet moisture content is higher in this technology, easily causes heating up slowly, and fermentation period prolongs, slaking not even fully.Flavus very easily produces aflatoxin in the decomposing microbial inoculum under suitable condition, and aflatoxin is a kind of carcinogenic substance, often causes immunosuppression and the poor growth of humans and animals.The fertilizer that adopts flavus to produce as the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is used in and easily causes crop pollution on the crop, causes that finally the crop kernels flavus pollutes, if will cause aflatoxin to exceed standard as food it.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce.
Simultaneously, the present invention also provides a kind of method of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer.
In order to realize above purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 60~90% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%; Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the compound by chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
Be mixed with sucrose in the described starter, the add-on of sucrose is 0.5~5% of starter quality.
Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the component by following quality percentage composition is prepared from by aerobic fermentation: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, the agent 0.1~1% of becoming thoroughly decomposed.
The described agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is made up of the microorganism of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%) (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
Described broiler chicken bedding and padding are one or more the compound in rice husk, stalk, sawdust, vinasse, wheat bran, rice bran, the wood chip sheet.The purpose one of adding the broiler chicken bedding and padding is to provide growth matrix for decomposing microbial inoculum, most spore type bacterial adhesion can shorten growth cycle in the matrix growth, and the 2nd, increases the bulking intensity of the aerobic raw material that becomes thoroughly decomposed, with the raising air permeability, increase dissolved oxygen amount, be more suitable for the growth of aerobic bacteria like this.
A kind of method of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer can prepare according to ordinary method.The present invention only provides a kind of concrete fermentation process, concrete steps are as follows: get following each component according to mass percent: material 60~90% becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%, mixing, the control moisture content is 30~50%, places air-tight environment, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, stops when probiotics quantity 〉=0.2 hundred million/g is fermentation.
Described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
Be mixed with sucrose in the described starter, the add-on of sucrose is 0.5~5% of starter quality.
The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by the following method: get following each component according to mass percent: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, the agent 0.1~1% of becoming thoroughly decomposed, the agent of will becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in the compound of chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding, mixing, the control moisture content is 30~50%, accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, controlling the interior temperature of material during this time is 55~70 ℃, and the material of waiting to become thoroughly decomposed no longer is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed from heating up.
Described broiler chicken bedding and padding are one or more the compound in rice husk, stalk, sawdust, vinasse, wheat bran, rice bran, the wood chip sheet.
The described agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%) (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
A kind of method of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer except above-mentioned steps, also comprises composite fertilizer step, and with the drying materials that anaerobically fermenting finishes, control moisture content≤20% adds nitrogen and/or phosphorus and/or potash fertilizer according to the plant demand, and mixing namely.
Above-mentionedly aerobicly become thoroughly decomposed, moisture content is controlled by adjusting each component ratio in the step of anaerobically fermenting.
Genus bacillus is bacillus or the coccus that can produce gemma (statospore) in the described agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed, aerobic or facultative anaerobe, and Gram-positive, peritrichous can move, and is high temperature resistant, and pH and salt are had resistibility.Can produce a large amount of amylase, proteolytic enzyme, lipase, cellulase etc.The genus bacillus described in the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is selected from subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, Bacillus coagulans, bacillus pumilus, bacillus natto, bacillus thuringiensis, bacillus cereus.
Chlorella is one-celled plants, is a kind of photosynthetic plant efficiently, with the photoautotrophy growth and breeding, but binary fission breeding and sporogenesis, long speed is fast, can make oxygen, can grow 20~23 ℃ of well-growns under cold condition.Can degrade, transform toxin and meta-bolites.Chlorella is of high nutritive value, and the breeding back himself can provide nutraceutical matrix for other biology.
Mould is the general designation of filamentous fungus, mainly breeds with spore, has flourishing mycelium and sporophore, can breed in a large number under the condition of warm moist, and fecundity is strong, can produce various lytic enzymes, the various organism of effectively degrading.The mould described in the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is selected from harmless bacterial classifications such as Mucor, head mold, aspergillus (aspergillus niger or aspergillus oryzae), mould, wood is mould.
Actinomycetes are prokaryotic organism monoids, mainly with sporogenesis, secondly are the fracture reproduction, and are aerobic.The saprophytic form heterotrophic bacterium.Can produce proteolytic enzyme, amylase and cellulase etc., and VITAMIN and organic acid.Optimum growth temperature is 23~37 ℃, and at well-grown still below 20 ℃, the high temperature modification growth temperature range is at 50~65 ℃.The actinomycetes described in the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed are selected from streptomyces, Frankia, Nocardia, high temperature micromonospora etc.
Photosynthetic bacteria is under anaerobic to carry out photosynthetic bacterium, can utilize organism in the environment, sulfide, ammonia etc. to carry out photosynthetic microorganism as the hydrogen donor carbon source of holding concurrently as the energy, under anaerobism illumination or aerobic dark condition with light.In 15~40 ℃ of scopes, all can grow toxic substances such as the nitrite in the environment of can degrading, sulfide.The photosynthetic bacterium described in the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is selected from Rhodopseudomonas palustris, the red bacterium of pod membrane, rhodopseudomonas acidophilus, Rhodopseudomonas spheroides etc.
Yeast is a kind of unicellular fungi, can both survive under aerobic and oxygen-free environment, belongs to facultative anaerobe, and under aerobic conditions, the yeast growth rapidly.Yeast has abundant extracellular enzyme, macromolecular substance can be resolved into the small-molecule substance that cell metabolism easily utilizes.The yeast optimum pH is 4.5~5.0, and optimum growth temperature is at 20~30 ℃.The yeast described in the agent that becomes thoroughly decomposed is selected from Candida utilis, candida tropicalis, butyric acid candiyeast, ferment brewer yeast, cereuisiae fermentum etc.
Wherein, has synergy between actinomycetes, mould, genus bacillus and the chlorella.Chlorella is psychrophile, actinomycetes and mould grow at medium temperature condition, all the objectionable impurities in chicken manure and the bedding and padding can be transformed, are decomposed into innoxious substance, and can produce the outer metabolic enzyme of a large amount of born of the same parents, organic metabolism is degraded, genus bacillus is the high temperature bacterium, and reproduction speed is fast when temperature is suitable, but when the warm growth and breeding still when higher of material, therefore, these four kinds of bacterium have synergy together, and actinomycetes and mould make genus bacillus obtain fast breeding for the growth of sporeformer provides basal temperature.
Synergy between actinomycetes, mould, genus bacillus, yeast, chlorella and the photosynthetic bacterium shows as: chlorella and photosynthetic bacterium can grow at low temperatures, degradation of organic substances, comprise that yeast etc. self can be other bacterium again nutraceutical matrix is provided, chlorella can produce oxygen, for genus bacillus, yeast etc. provides partial oxygen.The physilogical characteristics of each microorganism determine them to have synergy, join together to use be better than a kind of or two kinds separately.
Milk-acid bacteria is that a class does not have gemma, gram-positive bacterium in the described starter, belong to the heterotrophism anaerobic type, the organic matter in the environment can be converted into the easier small-molecule substances that absorbed by root system of plant such as small peptide, amino acid, the free lipid of small molecules and organic acid behind lactobacillus-fermented.Milk-acid bacteria is adsorbed on the root system and can shields, and promotes root growth and development.Yeast described in the starter is selected from pediococcus acidilactici, Pediococcus pentosaceus, streptococcus faecium, plant lactobacillus, casein milk bacillus, Lactobacillus buchneri, lactobacillus fermentum etc.
Yeast is with yeast in the above-mentioned agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Genus bacillus is the genus bacillus that can produce the organic acid genus bacillus and have control plant pest effect, is selected from bacillus natto, Bacillus coagulans, lactic acid bacillus, clostridium butylicum, bacillus pumilus, bacillus thuringiensis etc.The long speed of genus bacillus is fast, produces a large amount of metabolic enzymes, with organic matter degradation, also have biology and take the oxygen effect by force, the free oxygen that it can consume rapidly in the fermentation material causes low-oxygen environment, promote the growth of the useful anerobe of milk-acid bacteria, and produce organic acids such as lactic acid, butyric acid.Bacillus thuringiensis has insecticidal action.
Wherein, has synergy between milk-acid bacteria, yeast and the genus bacillus.Genus bacillus and yeast can produce a large amount of generations and penetrate enzyme, degradation of organic substances, for milk-acid bacteria provides nutraceutical matrix, genus bacillus is aerobic bacteria simultaneously, oxygen consumed creation low-oxygen environment is conducive to the growth of milk-acid bacteria rapidly, thereby produces the lower-molecular substance that more root system of plant easily absorbs.Genus bacillus particularly after a large amount of breedings of bacillus thuringiensis, in the farmland, not only provides a large amount of beneficial microorganisms as organic fertilizer application, and can play the effect of controlling crop diseases and insect pests in addition.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention by aerobicly become thoroughly decomposed, the preparation of anaerobically fermenting step produces fertilizer, having solved chicken manure directly executes the pollution that causes in the field and burns the root problem, realization is to harmless treatment, the recycling of chicken manure and bedding and padding, final product mainly is probiotics and meta-bolites thereof, has the advantages that fertility is lasting, can improve the grand ecological inhibition disease and pest of soil, the structure of improving the soil increase ventilation property, promotion plant root system development.
Aerobic purpose of becoming thoroughly decomposed of fs is for suppressing varied bacteria growing control metabolism direction, by biological heat pathogenic microbe killing, parasite adult and worm's ovum and heat labile assorted bacterium, become thoroughly decomposed the degraded by microorganism of macromolecular substance and poisonous and harmful composition, transform, synthesize thalline composition and small-molecule substance, for the second step anaerobically fermenting provides matrix by biology simultaneously; The purpose of subordinate phase anaerobically fermenting is metabolism products such as amplification probiotics and generation organic acid, probiotics can improve the grand ecological disease and pest that suppresses of soil, meta-bolites can increase nutrient and promote plant-growth, stimulates root system development to make plant stalwartness, controlling crop diseases and insect pests; The composite purpose of phase III fertilizer is according to different plant demands, and suitable compound other quick-acting fertilizers are to improve effect.
Embodiment
Following embodiment only is described in further detail the present invention, but does not constitute any limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 60% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 30%, maize peel 10%; The described material that becomes thoroughly decomposed is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed by chicken manure.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer in the present embodiment, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent 1% the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in 99% the chicken manure, becoming thoroughly decomposed, each microbial numbers per-cent is in the agent: streptomycete: aspergillus niger: bacillus bacillus subtilis: chlorella=(15%): (15%): (60%): (10%), the total concn of microorganism are 1 * 10 9Individual/gram, mixing, the control moisture content is 30%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, and the turning ventilation is 3 times during whole the becoming thoroughly decomposed, and the interior temperature of material is no more than 65 ℃, and waiting to become thoroughly decomposed, material heats up no longer certainly, loose, no excrement stink is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 30% starter according to mass percent, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is in the starter: lactobacillus plantarum: Candida utilis: subtilis: bacillus thuringiensis=(60%): (10%): (15%): (15%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1 * 10 10Individual/gram, the per kilogram starter is sneaked into and is added after the 5 gram sucrose in 10% the maize peel, mixing, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds 60% step (1) preparation again, mixing, the moisture content of control material is 30%, place the mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments to stop after 7 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity and is 〉=0.2 hundred million/g.
Embodiment 2
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 90% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1%, maize peel 9%; Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the compound by chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer in the present embodiment, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent 0.1% the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 90% chicken manure and 9.9%, becoming thoroughly decomposed, each microbial numbers per-cent is in the agent: actinomycetes: aspergillus niger: subtilis: chlorella: Candida utilis bacterium=(10%): (10%): (60%): (10%): (10%), the total concn of microorganism are 1.25 * 10 9Individual/gram, mixing, the control moisture content is 50%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, and the turning ventilation is 5 times during whole the becoming thoroughly decomposed, and the interior temperature of material is no more than 62 ℃, and waiting to become thoroughly decomposed, material heats up no longer certainly, loose, no excrement stink is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 1% starter according to mass percent, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is in the starter: lactobacillus fermentum: brewer yeast: Bacillus licheniformis: bacillus thuringiensis=(50%): (20%): (15%): (15%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1.25 * 10 9Individual/gram, the per kilogram starter is sneaked into and is added after the 50 gram sucrose in 9% the maize peel, mixing, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds 90% step (1) preparation again, mixing, the moisture content of control material is 30%, place the mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments to stop after 10 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity and is 〉=0.2 hundred million/g;
(3) the composite stage of fertilizer: with the drying materials that step (2) anaerobically fermenting finishes, the control moisture content is 10%, gets the material 1000kg of oven dry, adds the nitrogenous fertilizer of 2kg, the phosphate fertilizer of 2kg and the potash fertilizer of 2kg respectively, and mixing gets final product.
Embodiment 3
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 84% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 15%, maize peel 1%; Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the compound by chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer in the present embodiment, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent 0.5% the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 50% chicken manure and 49.5%, becoming thoroughly decomposed, each microbial numbers per-cent is in the agent: high temperature micromonospora: Trichoderma: subtilis: chlorella: photosynthetic bacterium: yeast=(10%): (10%): (50%): (10%): (10%): (10%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1.5 * 10 9Individual/gram, the broiler chicken bedding and padding adopt sawdust and the rice husk of 1:1 quality, mixing, the control moisture content is 40%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, and the turning ventilation is 4 times during whole the becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 60 ℃, and the material of waiting to become thoroughly decomposed no longer is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed from intensification, loose, no excrement stink;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 15% starter according to mass percent, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is in the starter: streptococcus faecium: bacillus megaterium: bacillus pumilus=(90%): (5%): (5%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1.25 * 10 9Individual/gram, the per kilogram starter is sneaked into and is added after the 20 gram sucrose in 1% the maize peel, mixing, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds 84% step (1) preparation again, mixing, the moisture content of control material is 35%, place the mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments to stop after 6 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity and is 〉=0.2 hundred million/g;
(3) the composite stage of fertilizer: with the drying materials that step (2) anaerobically fermenting finishes, the control moisture content is 10%, gets the material 1000kg of oven dry, adds the nitrogenous fertilizer of 5kg respectively, the phosphate fertilizer of 3kg and the potash fertilizer of 2kg, and mixing gets final product.
Embodiment 4
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 80% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 15%, maize peel 5%; Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the compound by chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer in the present embodiment, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent 0.5% the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 75% chicken manure and 24.5%, becoming thoroughly decomposed, each microbial numbers per-cent is in the agent: streptomycete: aspergillus niger: bacillus bacillus subtilis: chlorella=(5%): (5%): (85%): (5%), the total concn of microorganism are 1.5 * 10 9Individual/gram, mixing, the control moisture content is 35%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, and the turning ventilation is 3 times during whole the becoming thoroughly decomposed, and the interior temperature of material is no more than 60 ℃, and waiting to become thoroughly decomposed, material heats up no longer certainly, loose, no excrement stink is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 15% starter according to mass percent, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is in the starter: lactobacillus plantarum: Candida utilis: subtilis: bacillus thuringiensis=(60%): (10%): (15%): (15%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1 * 10 9Individual/gram, the per kilogram starter is sneaked into and is added after the 25 gram sucrose in 5% the maize peel, mixing, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds 80% step (1) preparation again, mixing, the moisture content of control material is 30%, place the mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments to stop after 8 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity and is 〉=0.2 hundred million/g.
Embodiment 5
The fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce in the present embodiment is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting by the component of following quality percentage composition: the material 70% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 20%, maize peel 10%; Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the compound by chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed.
Utilize chicken manure fermenting to produce the method for fertilizer in the present embodiment, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed the stage: according to mass percent 1% the agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in the compound of broiler chicken bedding and padding of 70% chicken manure and 29%, becoming thoroughly decomposed, each microbial numbers per-cent is in the agent: high temperature micromonospora: Trichoderma: subtilis: chlorella: photosynthetic bacterium: yeast=(20%): (5%): (5%): (30%): (20%): (20%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 2 * 10 9Individual/gram, the broiler chicken bedding and padding adopt sawdust and the rice husk of 3:1 quality, mixing, the control moisture content is 40%, and accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, and the turning ventilation is 4 times during whole the becoming thoroughly decomposed, the interior temperature of material is no more than 60 ℃, and the material of waiting to become thoroughly decomposed no longer is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed from intensification, loose, no excrement stink;
(2) the anaerobically fermenting stage: get 20% starter according to mass percent, the quantity per-cent of each bacterial classification is in the starter: streptococcus faecium: candida tropicalis: bacillus megaterium: bacillus pumilus=(80%): (10%): (5%): (5%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1.25 * 10 9Individual/gram, the per kilogram starter is sneaked into and is added after the 30 gram sucrose in 10% the maize peel, mixing, the material that becomes thoroughly decomposed that adds 70% step (1) preparation again, mixing, the moisture content of control material is 35%, place the mash-back aeroseal, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, ferments to stop after 7 days, detects the increment of probiotics quantity and is 〉=0.2 hundred million/g;
(3) the composite stage of fertilizer: with the drying materials that step (2) anaerobically fermenting finishes, the control moisture content is 10%, gets the material 1000kg of oven dry, adds the nitrogenous fertilizer of 3kg respectively, the phosphate fertilizer of 3kg and the potash fertilizer of 2kg, and mixing gets final product.
The bacterial classification of embodiment 1~5 described agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed, fresh starter is cultivated available from Chinese common micro-organisms culture presevation administrative center or by the ordinary method picking.

Claims (10)

1. fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce, it is characterized in that: the component by following quality percentage composition is prepared from by anaerobically fermenting: the material 60~90% that becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%; Described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the compound by chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding is prepared from by aerobic becoming thoroughly decomposed.
2. the fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
3. the fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described becoming thoroughly decomposed expects that the component by following quality percentage composition is prepared from by aerobic fermentation: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, the agent 0.1~1% of becoming thoroughly decomposed.
4. the fertilizer that utilizes chicken manure fermenting to produce according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the described agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is made up of the microorganism of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%) (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
5. method of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: concrete steps are as follows: get following each component according to mass percent: material 60~90% becomes thoroughly decomposed, starter 1~30%, maize peel 1~10%, mixing, the control moisture content is 30~50%, place air-tight environment, anaerobically fermenting is produced probiotics at ambient temperature, and when pH value≤6.5, perhaps probiotics quantity 〉=0.2 hundred million/g is the fermentation termination.
6. the method for utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described starter is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: milk-acid bacteria: genus bacillus: yeast=(50~90%): (10~30%): (0~30%), the total concn of bacterial classification are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
7. according to claim 5 or the 6 described methods of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer, it is characterized in that: be mixed with sucrose in the described starter, the add-on of sucrose is 5% of starter quality.
8. the method for utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: get following each component according to mass percent: chicken manure 50~99%, broiler chicken bedding and padding 0~49.9%, the agent 0.1~1% of becoming thoroughly decomposed, the agent of will becoming thoroughly decomposed is inoculated in the compound of chicken manure or chicken manure and broiler chicken bedding and padding, mixing, the control moisture content is 30~50%, accumulation is become thoroughly decomposed, during in the control material temperature be 55~70 ℃, the material of waiting to become thoroughly decomposed no longer is the termination of becoming thoroughly decomposed from heating up.
9. the method for utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the described agent of becoming thoroughly decomposed is made up of the bacterial classification of following quantity per-cent: genus bacillus: chlorella: mould: actinomycetes: photosynthetic bacteria: yeast=(30~85%): (5~20%) (5~20%): (5~20%): (0~20%): (0~20%), the total concn of microorganism are 1 * 10 9~1 * 10 11Individual/g.
10. according to claim 5 or the 8 described methods of utilizing chicken manure fermenting to produce fertilizer, it is characterized in that: except above-mentioned steps, also comprise composite fertilizer step, the drying materials that anaerobically fermenting is finished, control moisture content≤20% adds nitrogen and/or phosphorus and/or potash fertilizer, and mixing namely.
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