CN102972277B - Method for quickly raising clonal seedlings of teakwood by light matrix tray - Google Patents

Method for quickly raising clonal seedlings of teakwood by light matrix tray Download PDF

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CN102972277B
CN102972277B CN2012105790500A CN201210579050A CN102972277B CN 102972277 B CN102972277 B CN 102972277B CN 2012105790500 A CN2012105790500 A CN 2012105790500A CN 201210579050 A CN201210579050 A CN 201210579050A CN 102972277 B CN102972277 B CN 102972277B
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seedling
teak
aqueous solution
light
seedlings
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CN102972277A (en
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黄桂华
梁坤南
周再知
马华明
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Research Institute of Tropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry
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Research Institute of Tropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for quickly raising clonal seedlings of teakwood by a light matrix tray. The method comprises the steps of taking teakwood rootless tissue culture bottle seedlings as propagating materials, selecting a seedling raising light matrix and quickly culturing by using the seedling raising tray instead of a seedling raising bag. The quick industrialized seedling raising effect of the light matrix and the seedling raising tray is achieved, the seedling raising and forest planting costs are saved, the seedling raising and forest planting efficiency is improved, and the transportation cost and the labor intensity of forest planting workers are reduced. The teakwood rootless seedlings start to grow roots seven days after transplantation; and compared with the conventional technology of raising the teakwood seedlings by a nutrient soil bag, the rooting time is three days in advance and is centralized, and the root survival rate is increased to be 95.3% from 87.6%. The teakwood rootless tissue culture seedlings are adopted to be transplanted, so that the propagation coefficient is high, the hereditary characters of the excellent clone of the teakwood are maintained, the seedling raising time is shorter, the seedlings transplanted for three to four months can leave from a nursery and are used for forest planting, and a large amount of well-bred strong seedlings can be quickly provided for the market.

Description

The method of the light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling growing
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cultivation propagation technique field of arbor, particularly the method for the light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling growing.
Background technology
Teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) is the high megaphanerophyte of Verenaceae (Verbenaceae) Tectona (Tectona), natural distributed is in 9 °~26 ° of north latitude, the South India that east longitude is 73 °~104 ° and middle part, Northern Thailand, Burma and Laos, it is famous tropical Precious Timber Species, have the good reputation of " kings of ten thousand wood ", its heartwood material is tough and tensile durable, compact structure, beautiful texture is the senior material of using of manufacturing warship, harbour, bridge, building, furniture, engraving and timber floor etc.Teak has that growth is fast, and material is good, the wide and rate of return on investment high of purposes, tropical, South Subtropical Area of China is widely planted, and is one of 4 seeds of forest plantation cultivated area maximum in the world, is also the highest reproducting tree species of the unit are output value.
China introduces existing more than the 180 year history of teak cultivation, and by teak being cultivated to the research of technology, the popularizing planting scope spreads all over 10 provinces (autonomous region) 60Duo Ge county (city) now, and the gross area is 1.5 ten thousand hm approximately 2.Now, Yunnan Province, Hainan Province classify teak as Major Tree Species Planted, and Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Guizhou Province adopt the individual of teak afforestation and enterprise also to get more and more.Yet, the at present development of China's teak Commercial Forests be take seedling from seed and good group of training clone seedling and often be take the nutritional bag that yellow soil is matrix as main cultivating seedlings, rely on manual pack, the efficiency of taking a lot of work of growing seedlings is low, and every strain weighs 0.50~0.75 ㎏, during large tracts of land afforestation, cost of transportation is high, especially at China torrid zone south subtropics forestation in mountain area, because of nutritious bag seedling weight, the workman chooses the seedling difficulty of going up a hill, and amount is few, and efficiency is low.And seedling is cultivated into to the cutting strunk seedling, often need 8~12 months, and lifting need prune main root, lateral root and fibrous root, the cost of taking a lot of work is high, after nursery stock afforestation rudiment slow, the root regeneration time is long, causes vegetative period short, growth is slow, cold-resistant and wind loading rating reduction.Therefore, cultivate the complete light nursery stock again of root system particularly important to mountain region teak afforestation.
Summary of the invention
The shortcoming that the object of the invention is to overcome prior art, with not enough, provides the method for the light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling growing.This seedling-cultivating method take teak unrooted tissue-culture container seedling as propagating materials, choose the light ground mass of growing seedlings (light matrix) and replace Seedling bag to carry out the fast seedling growing cultivation with seedling culture hole plate, saved and grown seedlings and cost of forestation, breeding efficiency and afforestation efficiency have been improved, the every strain of light matrix seedling of cultivating only weighs 0.15~0.20 ㎏, has reduced cost of transportation and afforestation workman's labour intensity.
Purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: the method for the light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling growing comprises the following steps:
(1) preparation of propagating materials
The teak clones tissue-culture container seedling is moved on under cool canopy and practices seedling after 10~15 days, cut off the callus of base portion, obtain seedling, before transplanting, seedling is soaked in clear water;
(2) Light medium sabot and sterilization
Light medium is filled to seedling-cultivating tray and be placed on brandreth, within 0.5~1 day before transplanting, irrigate sterilization with potassium permanganate solution, cover film standby;
(3) transplant
By being soaked in seedling replanting in clear water in step (1) to the Light medium seedling-cultivating tray of sterilizing in step (2), transplanted rear spray clear water normal root, the moisturizing of spraying disinfection bonnet upper film, obtain the seedling of moisturizing;
(4) final-period management
After transplanting 3rd~4 days to step (3) in the seedling of moisturizing sterilize for the second time, sterilize weekly afterwards 1~2 time, transplant after 20~25 days and water and execute urea or composite fertilizer's aqueous solution, can go out garden during height of seedling 15~20cm and afforest;
The operation of step (1)~(4) is preferably carried out in cool canopy; The condition of described cool canopy is preferably 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100% and temperature;
In step (1):
Described teak clones tissue-culture container seedling contains 2~4 pairs of leaves, high 5~10cm; The base portion of teak clones tissue-culture container seedling is callus, there is no root system, do not need through culture of rootage;
The time of described immersion is preferably 0~3h;
In step (2):
The height of described brandreth is preferably 15~20cm;
Described Light medium adopts following methods to be prepared: by peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1~1.5:1~1.5:0.5~1:2:2 mix, obtain Light medium;
Described Light medium preferably adopts following methods to be prepared: by peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1:1:1:2:2 mix, obtain Light medium;
Described seedling-cultivating tray is preferably the seedling-cultivating tray of the high 540mm * 280mm of length and width * 110mm, the plastic seeding culturing plate in 50 holes more preferably, and every dish is cultivated 50 young plants;
The hole of described seedling-cultivating tray is square or circular, up big and down small;
The top length of side of described square opening is 46mm, the circular row water hole that bottom is diameter 10mm;
Described potassium permanganate solution is preferably the potassium permanganate solution of 3wt ‰;
In step (3):
The time of described transplanting is cloudy day or fine day, and the rainy day can not transplant; But the cloudy day whole day is transplanted; When 11: 30~15 solar irradiations of fine day are strong, should not transplant;
Described transplanting preferably adopts following methods to be transplanted: first with bamboo let or small wood, the Light medium central authorities in the every hole of seedling-cultivating tray insert 1 aperture, seedling replanting is entered in aperture, then with bamboo let or small wood, that seedling one side pressure is real; If in the transplanting process, temperature is high, available sprayer water spray prevents the seedling wilting;
The degree of depth of described aperture is preferably 1.5~2.5cm;
Described spraying disinfection preferably adopts 1/800 the tpn aqueous solution to carry out spraying disinfection;
Described 1/800 the tpn aqueous solution refers to tpn and the water solution that 1:799 is mixed to get in mass ratio;
In step (4):
Described sterilization preferably adopts the sterilization that hockets of the 1/800 thiophanate methyl aqueous solution, the 1/800 tpn aqueous solution or the 1/800 carbendazim aqueous solution;
Described 1/800 the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution refers to thiophanate methyl and the water solution that 1:799 is mixed to get in mass ratio;
Described 1/800 the carbendazim aqueous solution refers to carbendazim and the water solution that 1:799 is mixed to get in mass ratio;
The aqueous solution of urea that described aqueous solution of urea is 1~1.5wt ‰, be preferably the aqueous solution of urea of 1wt ‰;
Composite fertilizer's aqueous solution that the described composite fertilizer aqueous solution is 1~1.5wt ‰, be preferably composite fertilizer's aqueous solution of 1wt ‰;
Described composite fertilizer is preferably the composite fertilizer of containing 15wt%N, 15wt%P and 15wt%K;
After transplanting, fine day need to be sprayed water 2~3 times every day, is respectively point in the mornings 9,6 pm, can according to circumstances determine for another 1 time, and to keep, seedling leaves is moistening does not wilt and be as the criterion; Solar irradiation is strong, temperature is during higher than 30 ℃, need on film, add a cover sunshade net, and within 10~17 o'clock, every 1 hour outer water spray of film 1 time, the cloudy day can be sprayed 1 time or not spray according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings at 5 in afternoon, and the rainy day does not spray;
Transplant after 1.5 months, the concentration of sterilization rises to 3/800~5/800, and the concentration of fertilising rises to 3~5wt ‰, and now fine day or cloudy day can be opened film white silk seedling, and the rainy day also can be opened the ventilation of film two ends;
The time of described transplanting operation, Guangzhou preferably in annual late April to mid-July, optimum is 5~June, Hainan preferably in annual mid-March to mid-November;
Transplant seedling after 1 week and start to take root, now seedling enters stationary phase, after 2 weeks, take root in a large number or the nursery stock root of hair complete, now think transplant survival, root elongation afterwards, lateral root increases, and forms gradually ripe complete root system; Transplant height of seedling after 3~4 months and reach 15~20cm, can go out garden afforestation;
Principle of the present invention: the present invention utilizes the plant stem cutting principle of taking root, and the formation layer after the plant branch cuttage in branch and bundle sheath tissue form the root initial body, grows adventive root thereby grow, and forms gradually root system, belongs to the seedling raising manners of skin zone's rooting types.
The present invention has following advantage and effect with respect to prior art:
(1) the present invention take teak unrooted tissue-culture container seedling as propagating materials, choose the light ground mass and replace Seedling bag to carry out the fast seedling growing cultivation with seedling culture hole plate of growing seedlings, realized the quick factorial seedling growth of light matrix+seedling culture hole plate, sabot is fast, but 1 people 1 day aglucon matter also fills 200 dishes (50 holes/dish), and fill only 3000 of nutrition earth bags; The every strain of nutrition earth bag seedling of cultivating weighs 0.50~0.75 ㎏, and the light every strain of matrix seedling only weighs 0.15~0.20 ㎏; The present invention makes seedling cost be reduced to 0.898 yuan/strain from 0.932 yuan/strain of nutrition earth bag.Therefore, the method has been saved and has been grown seedlings and cost of forestation, improves breeding efficiency and afforestation efficiency, reduces cost of transportation and afforestation workman's labour intensity simultaneously.
(2) teak unrooted seedling of the present invention starts to take root in transplanting in latter 7 days, with the existing seedling growing process of the teak with the nutrition earth bag, compares, and this method rootage duration has shifted to an earlier date 3 days, and rootage duration is concentrated, and root survival brings up to 95.3% from 87.6%.
(3) the present invention adopts teak unrooted tissue-culture container seedling directly to be transplanted, the same with the growth coefficient of group training, and reproduction coefficient is high, has kept the hereditary capacity of teak choiceness simultaneously; Method of operating of the present invention is easy, equipment requirement is simple, and technology is easily grasped, and is easy to promote, and seedling raise period is shorter, transplants after 3~4 months and can go out garden afforestation, can provide a large amount of breeding strong sprouts for market fast.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the figure of the teak tissue-culture container seedling of embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the figure of the teak seedling that obtains after the callus of the base portion that prunes away of embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the figure of the seedling-cultivating tray of embodiment 1 use.
Fig. 4 transplants the figure of the teak seedling after 1 week in embodiment 1.
Fig. 5 transplants the figure of the teak seedling after 2 months in embodiment 1.
Fig. 6 transplants the figure of the teak seedling after 4 months in embodiment 1.
Fig. 7 is the figure for the teak seedling of life in 1 year of afforestation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
The light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling-cultivating method (Guangzhou, carry out 5~June):
(1) preparation of propagating materials
Under the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature, teak (the Tectona grandis L.f.) tissue-culture container seedling that is not callus through culture of rootage, base portion (is cultivated to 3 pairs of leaves, high 7cm; Take from Tropical Foresty Inst., Chinese Academy of Foresty Sciences, lower same.) move on under cool canopy and practice seedling 12 days, then taking-up group training seedling from bottle, cut off the base portion callus, obtains seedling, before transplanting, seedling is soaked in clear water;
(2) preparation of Light medium
By peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1 ︰ 1 ︰ 1 ︰ 2 ︰ 2 mix, obtain Light medium;
(3) selection of seedling-cultivating tray
Choose 50 hole plastic seeding culturing plates (the high 540mm * 280mm of length and width * 110mm), on the hole, cave, large (46mm) is lower little, and bottom is reduced into circle (diameter 10mm) osculum;
(4) Light medium sabot and sterilization
Light medium is filled on the brandreth that seedling-cultivating tray is placed on high 20cm, in transplanting, within first 1 day, with the potassium permanganate solution of 3wt ‰, irrigated sterilization, cover film standby;
(5) transplant
Transplanting is at the cloudy day, under the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature, pick up in step (1) and be soaked in the seedling in clear water, first with bamboo let, in every cave Light medium central authorities, insert 1 aperture, hole depth 1.5~2.5cm, by seedling, implant gently in hole, use again bamboo let real in seedling one side pressure, transplanted rear spray clear water normal root, then use 1/800 tpn aqueous solution spraying disinfection, finally cover the film moisturizing, obtain the seedling of moisturizing;
(6) final-period management
After transplanting the 3rd day to step (5) in the seedling of moisturizing sterilize for the second time, sterilize weekly afterwards 1 time; Sterilization is for adopting the alternately sterilization of the 1/800 thiophanate methyl aqueous solution, the 1/800 tpn aqueous solution or the 1/800 carbendazim aqueous solution; Fine day is sprayed water 2~3 times every day, be respectively point in the mornings 9,6 pm, can according to circumstances determine for another 1 time, to keep, seedling leaves is moistening does not wilt and is as the criterion, and solar irradiation is strong, temperature is during higher than 30 ℃, need on film, add a cover sunshade net, 10 point~17 o'clock water spray 1 time outside 1 hour film, keep the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature; Cloudy day can or not spray according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings in 5 sprays in afternoon 1 time, and the rainy day does not spray; Transplant and water the urea of executing 1.5wt ‰ after 20 days, after transplanting 1.5 months, disinfection concentration rises to 4/800, and the concentration of topdressing rises to 4wt ‰, and now fine day or cloudy day can be opened film white silk seedling, and the rainy day also can be opened the ventilation of film two ends;
Growing state after transplanting:
Transplant and within 1 week, start to take root, now seedling enters stationary phase, after 2 weeks, take root in a large number or the nursery stock root of hair complete, now think transplant survival, root elongation afterwards, lateral root increases, and forms gradually ripe complete root system, survival rate reaches 95.3%; Transplant 4 months heights of seedling and reach 20cm, go out garden afforestation.
Embodiment 2
The light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling-cultivating method (Guangzhou, late April carries out):
(1) preparation of propagating materials
Under the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature, teak (the Tectona grandis L.f.) tissue-culture container seedling (cultivating to 2 pairs of leaves, high 5cm) that process culture of rootage, base portion are not callus is moved on under cool canopy and practices seedling 15 days, then from bottle, the taking-up group is trained seedling, cut off the base portion callus, obtain seedling, before transplanting, seedling is soaked in clear water;
(2) preparation of Light medium
By peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1 ︰ 1 ︰ 1 ︰ 2 ︰ 2 mix, obtain Light medium;
(3) selection of seedling-cultivating tray
Choose 50 hole plastic seeding culturing plates (the high 540mm * 280mm of length and width * 110mm), on the hole, cave, large (46mm) is lower little, and bottom is reduced into circle (diameter 10mm) osculum;
(4) Light medium sabot and sterilization
Light medium is filled on the brandreth that seedling-cultivating tray is placed on high 20cm, in transplanting, within first 0.5 day, with the potassium permanganate solution of 3wt ‰, irrigated sterilization, cover film standby;
(5) transplant
Transplanting is at the cloudy day, under the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature, pick up in step (1) and be soaked in the seedling in clear water, first with bamboo let, in every cave Light medium central authorities, insert 1 aperture, hole depth 1.5~2.5cm, by seedling, implant gently in hole, use again bamboo let real in seedling one side pressure, transplanted rear spray clear water normal root, then use 1/800 tpn aqueous solution spraying disinfection, finally cover the film moisturizing, obtain the seedling of moisturizing;
(6) final-period management
After transplanting the 4th day to step (5) in the seedling of moisturizing sterilize for the second time, sterilize weekly afterwards 1 time; Sterilization is for adopting the alternately sterilization of the 1/800 thiophanate methyl aqueous solution, the 1/800 tpn aqueous solution or the 1/800 carbendazim aqueous solution; Fine day is sprayed water 2~3 times every day, be respectively point in the mornings 9,6 pm, can according to circumstances determine for another 1 time, to keep, seedling leaves is moistening does not wilt and is as the criterion, and solar irradiation is strong, temperature is during higher than 30 ℃, need on film, add a cover sunshade net, 10~17 o'clock water sprays 1 time outside 1 hour film, keep the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature; Cloudy day can or not spray according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings in 5 sprays in afternoon 1 time, and the rainy day does not spray; Transplant and water the urea of executing 1wt ‰ after 25 days, after transplanting 1.5 months, disinfection concentration rises to 3/800, and the concentration of topdressing rises to 3wt ‰, and now fine day or cloudy day can be opened film white silk seedling, and the rainy day also can be opened the ventilation of film two ends;
Growing state after transplanting:
Transplant and within 1 week, start to take root, now seedling enters stationary phase, after 2 weeks, take root in a large number or the nursery stock root of hair complete, now think transplant survival, root elongation afterwards, lateral root increases, and forms gradually ripe complete root system, survival rate reaches 95.3%; Transplant 3 months heights of seedling and reach 15cm, go out garden afforestation.
Embodiment 3
The light matrix of a kind of teak clones cave dish fast seedling-cultivating method (Guangzhou, carry out mid-July):
(1) preparation of propagating materials
Under the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature, teak (the Tectona grandis L.f.) tissue-culture container seedling (cultivating to 4 pairs of leaves, high 10cm) that process culture of rootage, base portion are not callus is moved on under cool canopy and practices seedling 10 days, then from bottle, the taking-up group is trained seedling, cut off the base portion callus, obtain seedling, before transplanting, seedling is soaked in clear water;
(2) preparation of Light medium
By peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1 ︰ 1 ︰ 1 ︰ 2 ︰ 2 mix, obtain Light medium;
(3) selection of seedling-cultivating tray
Choose 50 hole plastic seeding culturing plates (the high 540mm * 280mm of length and width * 110mm), on the hole, cave, large (46mm) is lower little, and bottom is reduced into circle (diameter 10mm) osculum;
(4) Light medium sabot and sterilization
Light medium is filled on the brandreth that seedling-cultivating tray is placed on high 15cm, in transplanting, within first 1 day, with the potassium permanganate solution of 3wt ‰, irrigated sterilization, cover film standby;
(5) transplant
Transplanting is at fine day, under the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature, pick up in step (1) and be soaked in the seedling in clear water, first with bamboo let, in every cave Light medium central authorities, insert 1 aperture, hole depth 1.5~2.5cm, by seedling, implant gently in hole, use again bamboo let real in seedling one side pressure, transplanted rear spray clear water normal root, then use 1/800 tpn aqueous solution spraying disinfection, finally cover the film moisturizing, obtain the seedling of moisturizing;
(6) final-period management
After transplanting the 4th day to step (5) in the seedling of moisturizing sterilize for the second time, sterilize weekly afterwards 1 time; Sterilization is for adopting the alternately sterilization of the 1/800 thiophanate methyl aqueous solution, the 1/800 tpn aqueous solution or the 1/800 carbendazim aqueous solution; Fine day is sprayed water 2~3 times every day, be respectively point in the mornings 9,6 pm, can according to circumstances determine for another 1 time, to keep, seedling leaves is moistening does not wilt and is as the criterion, and solar irradiation is strong, temperature is during higher than 30 ℃, need on film, add a cover sunshade net, 10~17 o'clock water sprays 1 time outside 1 hour film, keep the condition of 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100%, temperature; Cloudy day can or not spray according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings in 5 sprays in afternoon 1 time, and the rainy day does not spray; Transplant and water the composite fertilizer that executes 1wt ‰ after 25 days, after transplanting 1.5 months, disinfection concentration rises to 5/800, and the concentration of topdressing rises to 5wt ‰, and now fine day or cloudy day can be opened film white silk seedling, and the rainy day also can be opened the ventilation of film two ends;
Growing state after transplanting:
Transplant and within 1 week, start to take root, now seedling enters stationary phase, after 2 weeks, take root in a large number or the nursery stock root of hair complete, now think transplant survival, root elongation afterwards, lateral root increases, and forms gradually ripe complete root system, survival rate reaches 95.3%; Transplant 4 months heights of seedling and reach 15cm, go out garden afforestation.
Above-described embodiment is preferably embodiment of the present invention; but embodiments of the present invention are not restricted to the described embodiments; other any do not deviate from change, the modification done under Spirit Essence of the present invention and principle, substitutes, combination, simplify; all should be equivalent substitute mode, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the method for the light matrix of teak clones cave dish fast seedling growing is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) preparation of propagating materials: the teak clones tissue-culture container seedling is moved on under cool canopy and practices seedling after 10~15 days, cut off the callus of base portion, obtain seedling, before transplanting, seedling is soaked in clear water; The base portion of teak clones tissue-culture container seedling is callus, there is no root system, do not need through culture of rootage;
(2) Light medium sabot and sterilization: Light medium is filled to seedling-cultivating tray and be placed on brandreth, within 0.5~1 day before transplanting, irrigate sterilization with potassium permanganate solution, cover film standby;
(3) transplant: by being soaked in seedling replanting in clear water in step (1) to the light substrate seedling dish of sterilizing in step (2), transplanted rear spray clear water normal root, the moisturizing of spraying disinfection bonnet upper film, obtain the seedling of moisturizing;
(4) final-period management: after transplanting 3rd~4 days to step (3) in the seedling of moisturizing sterilize for the second time, sterilize weekly afterwards 1~2 time, transplant after 20~25 days and water and execute urea or composite fertilizer's aqueous solution, go out garden during height of seedling 15~20cm and afforest;
Light medium described in step (2) adopts following methods to be prepared: by peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1~1.5:1~1.5:0.5~1:2:2 mix, obtain Light medium;
The tpn aqueous solution of the spraying disinfection employing 1/800 described in step (3) carries out spraying disinfection;
In step (4):
Described sterilization adopts the sterilization that hockets of the 1/800 thiophanate methyl aqueous solution, the 1/800 tpn aqueous solution or the 1/800 carbendazim aqueous solution;
The aqueous solution of urea that described aqueous solution of urea is 1~1.5 wt ‰;
Composite fertilizer's aqueous solution that the described composite fertilizer aqueous solution is 1~1.5 wt ‰;
Described composite fertilizer is the composite fertilizer of containing 15 wt% N, 15 wt% P and 15 wt% K.
2. the method for fast seedling growing is coiled in the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave, it is characterized in that: Light medium described in step (2) adopts following methods to be prepared: by peat soil, vermiculite, perlite, coconut palm chaff and yellow soil by volume 1:1:1:2:2 mix, obtain Light medium.
3. the method for fast seedling growing is coiled in the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave, it is characterized in that: operating in cool canopy of step (1)~(4) carried out, and the condition of described cool canopy is 25~28 ℃ of degree of shading 70~90%, humidity 80~100% and temperature.
4. the method for fast seedling growing is coiled in the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave, it is characterized in that: the hole of the seedling-cultivating tray described in step (2) is square or circular, up big and down small, the top length of side of described square opening is 46mm, the circular row water hole that bottom is diameter 10 mm.
5. the method for fast seedling growing is coiled in the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave, and it is characterized in that: the teak clones tissue-culture container seedling described in step (1) contains 2~4 pairs of leaves, high 5~10cm; The time of described immersion is 0~3 h.
6. the method for the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave dish fast seedling growing, is characterized in that: the potassium permanganate solution that the potassium permanganate solution described in step (2) is 3 wt ‰.
7. the method for fast seedling growing is coiled in the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave, and it is characterized in that: the time of the transplanting described in step (3) is cloudy day or fine day.
8. the method for fast seedling growing is coiled in the light matrix of a kind of teak clones according to claim 1 cave, it is characterized in that: the transplanting described in step (3) adopts following methods to be transplanted: first with bamboo let or small wood, the Light medium central authorities in the every hole of seedling-cultivating tray insert 1 aperture, seedling replanting is entered in aperture, then with bamboo let or small wood, that seedling one side pressure is real; The degree of depth of described aperture is 1.5~2.5cm.
CN2012105790500A 2012-12-27 2012-12-27 Method for quickly raising clonal seedlings of teakwood by light matrix tray Active CN102972277B (en)

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CN105359797A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-03-02 广西绿桐林业科技有限公司 Container seedling nursing method of nursing paulownia nursery stock via burying roots in light matrix
CN106358825A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Recyclable cutting substance for growing lithocarpus polystachyus seedlings and application of recyclable cutting substance

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