CN102450151A - Technology for planting Huangpi watermelon - Google Patents

Technology for planting Huangpi watermelon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102450151A
CN102450151A CN2010105355524A CN201010535552A CN102450151A CN 102450151 A CN102450151 A CN 102450151A CN 2010105355524 A CN2010105355524 A CN 2010105355524A CN 201010535552 A CN201010535552 A CN 201010535552A CN 102450151 A CN102450151 A CN 102450151A
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China
Prior art keywords
watermelon
melon
soil
planting
days
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CN2010105355524A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柏建余
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柏建余
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Priority to CN2010105355524A priority Critical patent/CN102450151A/en
Publication of CN102450151A publication Critical patent/CN102450151A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a technology for planting Huangpi watermelon. The technology mainly comprises seed selection, land preparation, seedling raising, planting, management, pruning and harvesting. The technology is characterized in that mature full fine small Huangpi watermelon seeds are selected; a ventilated, sunny and fertile cultivated land which is not affected by drought and flood is selected and applied with sufficient lime earth impurity fertilizer, and the soil is sterilized; and land preparation, ditching and application of sufficient base fertilizer are performed after stubbles are cleaned in a bench. After the fertilizer-pesticide soil is blended uniformly, the soil is ridged in the south-north direction. The seedling raising time is determined according to the time to market; a small arch shed is erected in a greenhouse, and a nutrition pot for raising seedlings is adopted; when the 33 to 40-day-old seedlings are grown with 3 leaves and 1 heart, the seedlings can be transplanted and are planted by adopting high ridges; and air invasion is particularly prevented and the watering times is reduced as much as possible at the resuming growth period after transplanting, water is not irrigated before pollination, permeable water is irrigated once at the expansion period, and the permeable water under a film is adopted. Vines for hanging the watermelon are reasonably pruned, and lateral branches of one watermelon are completely removed. When the watermelon is grown to the size of eggs, the watermelon starts being hung; and the watermelon is hung from the base of a watermelon stem by a plastic rope, and can also be hung by a mesh bag.

Description

The planting technique of a kind of yellow pond watermelon
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting technology of melon and fruit, exactly disclose the planting technique of a kind of yellow pond watermelon.
Background technology
Improving constantly of Along with people's living standard, also increasingly high to the requirement of vegetable melon and fruit, no longer content just to fragrant and sweet good to eat, crisp pleasantly, and be particular about the nutritive value of green non-pollution and vegetable melon and fruit more, be particular about anti-season and consume.But at China's wide geographic area, because the variation of climatic environment, a lot of plants receive the influence of natural environment very big through the tradition of being everlasting in season, are directly connected to the output and the quality of melon and fruit.
Summary of the invention
The planting technique of a kind of yellow pond watermelon is exactly for addressing the above problem disclosed a kind of new melon and fruit planting technique.Mainly comprise: choose seeds, put in order ground, grow seedlings, plant, manage, prune, gather in the crops; It is characterized in that: (1) seed selection selective maturation plump seed enriches the small-sized yellow pond of breeding watermelon; (2) select to ventilate wholely, on the sunny side, the impregnable cultivated land of the fertile drought and waterlogging of soil property, use sufficient farmyard manure, and to disinfecting soil; Put in order ground behind the canopy ground stubble-cleaning, ditch, use sufficient base manure.Ditch depth 15-20 centimetre, base manure and soil are mixed the back thoroughly and are adopted ditch spread, and with potassium permanganate, carbendazim etc. to soil, column, canopy body pasteurised completely.The different sulphur phosphorus of while compounding application etc. carries out soil insect-killing.Base manure is executed the chicken manure 250-300 kilogram that becomes thoroughly decomposed for every mu, and three element compound fertilizer 60-70 kilogram, 20 kilograms of potassium sulphates, zinc fertilizer 1.0-2 kilogram, 1 kilogram of boron fertilizer, fertile medicine soil are mixed north-south, back ridging thoroughly.(3) grow seedlings in good time and comprise: confirm that seedling raise period and seedbed management (A) confirm seedling raise period according to Time To Market; If listing before the Spring Festival, seedling raise period can be confirmed at the early and middle ten days in October, if in early and middle ten days listing in April; Seedling raise period can be at the early and middle ten days in January, mid or late Febuary transplant planting.(B) seedbed management: in booth, set up little shed, adopt feeding block seedlings raising, seedbed temperature 20-30 on daytime ℃, be not less than 10-12 ℃ evening, ground temperature 10-15 ℃.The seedbed air humidity remains on 65%-75%.To preserve moisture and increase gas permeability in order to heat, can put in the bottom, seedbed one deck 2-3cm thick, with the broken wheat straw or the husk of disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate.(4) transplant planting is when seedling age 33-40 days, and rice shoot length can be transplanted during to 3 leaves, 1 heart, adopts the high ridge field planting, waits 70/90 centimeter width of line-spacing capable, 45 centimeters of spacing in the rows, and mu is planted the 1700-2000 strain.(5) the back seedling-slowing stage is transplanted in scientific management, should be specifically noted that to prevent the cold air invasion and attack, day temperature 23-30 ℃, is not less than 15 ℃ evening, 30 ℃ of daytimes swollen melon phase, 15-20 ℃ of evening.Booth air humidity 60-70% the highlyest can not surpass 80%, is to reduce humidity, alleviates disease and takes place, and should reduce the number of times that waters as far as possible, does not water before the pollination, and the swollen melon phase waters once permeable, and adopts under the film permeable.About at 10 o'clock in the morning, carried out artificial pollination after blooming.(6) training is rationally hung the climing melon that hangs and is kept 1 melon of every strain, and staying the Cui position of melon is 10-13 sheet leaf position.When 6-8 sheet leaf, hang climingly, all remove with the above side shoots of 14 leaves below 10 leaves.When watermelon length is big or small to egg, begin to hang melon, sling from melon handle base portion with plastic ties, also available mesh bag hangs melon.(7) the heavy 1-2 kilogram of single melon after the timely collecting Calusena lansium watermelon maturation needs 28-34 days from sitting melon to maturation, therefore wants the timely collecting listing.
Description of drawings
Referring to accompanying drawing, be plantation flow chart of the present invention;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment technical characterictic of the present invention is described further.
Embodiment, the selective maturation plump seed enriches the small-sized yellow pond of breeding watermelon; Select to ventilate, on the sunny side, the impregnable cultivated land of the fertile drought and waterlogging of soil property, use sufficient farmyard manure, and to disinfecting soil; Put in order ground behind the canopy ground stubble-cleaning, ditch, use sufficient base manure.Base manure and soil are mixed the back thoroughly and are adopted ditch spread, and with potassium permanganate, carbendazim etc. to soil, column, canopy body pasteurised completely.The different sulphur phosphorus of while compounding application etc. carries out soil insect-killing.Fertile medicine soil is mixed north-south, back ridging thoroughly.Confirm seedling raise period according to Time To Market then, if listing before the Spring Festival, seedling raise period can confirm at the early and middle ten days in October, if in early and middle ten days listing in April, seedling raise period can be at the early and middle ten days in January, mid or late Febuary transplant planting.To in booth, set up little shed, adopt feeding block seedlings raising, preserve moisture and increase gas permeability in order to heat, can put in the bottom, seedbed one deck 2-3cm thick, with the broken wheat straw or the husk of disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate.When seedling age 33-40 days, rice shoot length can be transplanted during to 3 leaves, 1 heart, adopted the high ridge field planting, waited 70/90 centimeter width of line-spacing capable, 45 centimeters of spacing in the rows, and mu is planted the 1700-2000 strain.Transplant the back seedling-slowing stage, should be specifically noted that to prevent the cold air invasion and attack, day temperature 23-30 ℃, be not less than 15 ℃ evening, 30 ℃ of daytimes swollen melon phase, 15-20 ℃ of evening.Booth air humidity 60-70% the highlyest can not surpass 80%, is to reduce humidity, alleviates disease and takes place, and should reduce the number of times that waters as far as possible, does not water before the pollination, and the swollen melon phase waters once permeable, and adopts under the film permeable.About at 10 o'clock in the morning, carried out artificial pollination after blooming.Rationally prune, hang the climing melon that hangs, keep 1 melon of every strain, staying the Cui position of melon is 10-13 sheet leaf position.When 6-8 sheet leaf, hang climingly, all remove with the above side shoots of 14 leaves below 10 leaves.When watermelon length is big or small to egg, begin to hang melon, sling from melon handle base portion with plastic ties, also available mesh bag hangs melon and timely collecting.

Claims (2)

1. the planting technique of a yellow pond watermelon mainly comprises: choose seeds, put in order ground, grow seedlings, plant, manage, prune, gather in the crops; It is characterized in that: (1) seed selection selective maturation plump seed enriches the small-sized yellow pond of breeding watermelon; (2) select to ventilate wholely, on the sunny side, the impregnable cultivated land of the fertile drought and waterlogging of soil property, use sufficient farmyard manure, and to disinfecting soil; Put in order ground behind the canopy ground stubble-cleaning, ditch, use sufficient base manure; Ditch depth 15-20 centimetre, base manure and soil are mixed the back thoroughly and are adopted ditch spread, and with potassium permanganate, carbendazim etc. to soil, column, canopy body pasteurised completely; The different sulphur phosphorus of while compounding application etc. carries out soil insect-killing; (3) grow seedlings: confirm that seedling raise period and seedbed management confirm seedling raise period according to Time To Market; If listing before the Spring Festival, seedling raise period can be confirmed at the early and middle ten days in October, if in early and middle ten days listing in April; Seedling raise period can be at the early and middle ten days in January, mid or late Febuary transplant planting; Seedbed management: in booth, set up little shed, adopt feeding block seedlings raising, seedbed temperature 20-30 on daytime ℃, be not less than 10-12 ℃ evening, ground temperature 10-15 ℃ remains on 65%-75%; To preserve moisture and increase gas permeability in order to heat, can put in the bottom, seedbed one deck 2-3cm thick, with the broken wheat straw or the husk of disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate; (4) transplant planting is when seedling age 33-40 days, and rice shoot length can be transplanted during to 3 leaves, 1 heart, adopts the high ridge field planting, waits 70/90 centimeter width of line-spacing capable, 45 centimeters of spacing in the rows, and mu is planted the 1700-2000 strain; (5) the back seedling-slowing stage is transplanted in scientific management, should be specifically noted that to prevent the cold air invasion and attack, day temperature 23-30 ℃, is not less than 15 ℃ evening, 30 ℃ of daytimes swollen melon phase, 15-20 ℃ of evening; Booth air humidity 60-70%, not the highest can not watering before the pollination above 80%, the swollen melon phase waters once permeable, and adopts under the film permeable; About at 10 o'clock in the morning, carried out artificial pollination after blooming; (6) rationally prune, hang the climing melon that hangs and keep 1 melon of every strain, staying the Cui position of melon is 10-13 sheet leaf position; When 6-8 sheet leaf, hang climingly, all remove with the above side shoots of 14 leaves below 10 leaves; When watermelon length is big or small to egg, begin to hang melon, sling from melon handle base portion with plastic ties, also available mesh bag hangs melon; (7) the heavy 1-2 kilogram of single melon after the timely collecting Calusena lansium watermelon maturation needs 28-34 days from sitting melon to maturation, therefore wants the timely collecting listing.
2. the planting technique of a kind of yellow pond according to claim 1 watermelon; It is characterized in that: described base manure classification and quantity are every mu of chicken manure 250-300 kilogram of executing to become thoroughly decomposed; Three element compound fertilizer 60-70 kilogram, 20 kilograms of potassium sulphates, zinc fertilizer 1.0-2 kilogram; 1 kilogram of boron fertilizer, fertile medicine soil are mixed north-south, back ridging thoroughly.
CN2010105355524A 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Technology for planting Huangpi watermelon Pending CN102450151A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105355524A CN102450151A (en) 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Technology for planting Huangpi watermelon

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105355524A CN102450151A (en) 2010-10-27 2010-10-27 Technology for planting Huangpi watermelon

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104094760A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-15 和县宝兰蔬菜种植有限公司 Greenhouse watermelon cultivation method
CN104130047A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-05 岑溪市威隆蔬果科技有限公司 Fertilizer special for watermelon and fertilizer application method
CN105815087A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-03 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for improving planting survival rate of broccoli
CN105830713A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-10 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for increasing survival rate of sweet peppers in planting period
CN105850576A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for increasing florence fennel planting survival rate
CN107439174A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-12-08 霍山县安绿园农业发展有限公司 A kind of greenhouse gardening method of watermelon
CN108055980A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-05-22 安徽睿知信信息科技有限公司 A kind of spring growth of watermelon technology

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104094760A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-15 和县宝兰蔬菜种植有限公司 Greenhouse watermelon cultivation method
CN104094760B (en) * 2014-07-16 2016-05-25 和县宝兰蔬菜种植有限公司 A kind of greenhouse watermelon cultural method
CN104130047A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-05 岑溪市威隆蔬果科技有限公司 Fertilizer special for watermelon and fertilizer application method
CN105815087A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-03 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for improving planting survival rate of broccoli
CN105830713A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-10 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for increasing survival rate of sweet peppers in planting period
CN105850576A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 五河县顺鹏农副产品有限公司 Method for increasing florence fennel planting survival rate
CN107439174A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-12-08 霍山县安绿园农业发展有限公司 A kind of greenhouse gardening method of watermelon
CN108055980A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-05-22 安徽睿知信信息科技有限公司 A kind of spring growth of watermelon technology

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Application publication date: 20120516

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