CN104641892A - Method for planting artemisia selengensis in cutting way - Google Patents

Method for planting artemisia selengensis in cutting way Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104641892A
CN104641892A CN201510038429.4A CN201510038429A CN104641892A CN 104641892 A CN104641892 A CN 104641892A CN 201510038429 A CN201510038429 A CN 201510038429A CN 104641892 A CN104641892 A CN 104641892A
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cuttage
lamb
wormwood artemisia
cutting
kilograms
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CN201510038429.4A
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陈寿福
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陈寿福
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting artemisia selengensis in a cutting way and relates to the technical field of agricultural planting. The method comprises the following steps of preparing land and bedding, selecting variety, raising seedlings by cutting, performing field management, and performing scientific harvesting, wherein the step of raising seedlings by cutting is performed in the first ten days of July, robust artemisia selengensis stems are selected to serve as cutting seedlings, the upper parts of the cutting seedlings are cut off, old leaves of the cutting seedlings are picked off, and the stems on the middle lower part are selected and cut into stem sections with the length of 18 to 20cm; the stem sections are subjected to cutting in a transplanted field according to the row spacing of 25 to 30cm, the plant spacing of 10 to 15cm and the underground cutting depth of 5 to 8cm, and two plants are planted in each hole; after cutting, enough water is watered, field humidity is kept, and watering is continuously performed for 3 to 4 times in case of high temperature and drought to guarantee the survival rate and promote root and sprout. The method is simple and practical, and the obtained artemisia selengensis is high in yield, good in taste and high in nutritional value.

Description

The cuttage implantation methods of a kind of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology field, especially relate to the cuttage implantation methods of a kind of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia.
Background technology
Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia another name reed wormwood artemisia, water wormwood artemisia, argy wormwood etc., be composite family herbaceos perennial, have extremely strong vitality.Its moisture-proof, cold-resistant, resistance to flat lean, but not drought-enduring.Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia can be divided into red bar lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia and green bar lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia with cane color.
Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia is mainly used as vegetables with fresh stem, delicate fragrance is delicious, tender and crisp good to eat, nutritious, the tender stem of every hectogram contain 3.6 grams, protein, ash content 1.5 grams, calcium 730 milligrams, 10.2 milligrams, iron 2.9 milligrams, carotin 1.4 milligrams, vitamin C 49 milligrams, asparatate 20.4 milligrams, 34.3 milligrams, glutamic acid, lysine 0.97 milligram.And containing abundant trace element and acid detergent fiber etc.As far back as the Ming Dynasty, lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia and bamboo shoot were with mixing meat, the most delicious, green as beautiful pin, tenderly must not chew, and goodly gone out in other party.The starch-containing amount of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia rhizome is high, can be human body and provides the heat energy, also can be used as the morphological element of neuromechanism, composition and enzyme, hormone.Also can play protection brains simultaneously and serve as liver stock glycogen and play removing toxic substances.The root of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia is cool in nature, taste is sweet, Ye Xingping, the effects such as favourable diaphragm, appetizing row water, but also has clearing heat and detoxicating, medicinal efficacy such as prevention toothache, laryngalgia etc., seldom there is damage by disease and insect in lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia strong stress resistance, so be a kind of free of contamination pollution-free food, deeply welcomes by consumers in general, is a kind of vegetables in season having very much exploitation future.
But existing lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, because cultivation method is unreasonable, the lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia of output yields poorly, poor quality, and mouthfeel is bad, and nutritive value is also low, and the culture technique of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia need to continue research and development.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is: for above-mentioned Problems existing, and provide the cuttage implantation methods of a kind of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, method simple practical of the present invention, yielding poorly of gained lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, mouthfeel is good, is of high nutritive value.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A cuttage implantation methods for lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, comprises the following steps:
(1) whole ground bedding: May or June, selects the arable land that soil property is fertile, loose, deep, irrigation conditions is good, and carry out before plantation turning over and shine soil, deep ploughing is carefully harrowed, smooth bedding, and furrow are wide 1.6 ~ 2.2 meters, and furrow are high 0.2 ~ 0.3 meter, long 15 ~ 20 meters of furrow; Every mu of row replacement is become thoroughly decomposed pig cow dung 3000 kilograms or become thoroughly decomposed dish cake 150 kilograms or Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 70 kilograms;
(2) Fruit variety: select the white lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia of improved seeds Kunming great Ye being applicable to the cultivation of booth kipeming high yield:
(3) cuttage and seedling culture: carry out cuttage in early July, selects the lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia stem stalk of stem stalk stalwartness as cuttage seeding, has first been cut by overground part, extracts Lao Ye, selects middle and lower part stem stalk that stem stalk is cut into 18 ~ 20cm stem section; Press line-spacing 25 ~ 30cm in transplant field cuttage, spacing in the rows 10 ~ 15cm, cuttage subterranean depth is 5cm ~ 8cm, and cuttage is carried out in every cave 2 strain; Water sufficient moisture content after cuttage, keep field humidity, in case of weather high temperature and drought should water 3 ~ 4 water continuously, guarantee survival rate, promote root of hair and germination;
(4) field management: when long 3 ~ 5 centimetres of cuttage seeding, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, composite fertilizer 10 kilograms topdresses, and notes keeping ground moistening for a long time, weeds a garden in time; Occur insect pest time with Methomyl, Imidacloprid, press down hooligan, carbendazim, powder rust spirit, Sukeling or Methylpartricin Sodium Laurylsulfate control; Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia starts bolting when blooming, pinching of pinching in time, in order to avoid reproductive growth loss nutrient; When temperature is down to put up a shed before 10 DEG C insulation, frost protections, cover with the thick Anti-fogging Film of 0.08cm, canopy height 1.7m, north-south, in canopy, fine day keeps 18 DEG C ~ 23 DEG C, should open the ventilation of canopy two the noon that temperature is high, in order to avoid the too high and excessive growth of Yin Wendu; Early November, flush with ground prescinds the cane of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, and remove field dead leaf, weeds, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, waters sufficient water, and early December covers plastic tunnel and shed, and to promote tender Stem nematode, tender stem suitable growth temperature is 12 ~ 18 DEG C, timely ventilation;
(5) science is plucked: when the tender strain of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia grow to 15 ~ 25cm, top lobus cardiacus not yet scatters, of light color green time press close to the harvesting of furrow face; Harvesting in every 30 days ~ 50 days once; By the cane cut off except staying minority lobus cardiacus, rest blade is all erased; By different thicknesses classification binding, then after soaking with clear water, build with wet cloth and put in the cool.Softened can go on the market through 8 ~ 10 hours.
Further, within first 15 days, with weed killer herbicide drag-line or trefanocide, spraying process is carried out once to arable land in step (3) cuttage and seedling culture.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention have selected the lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia kind of high yield, by science whole carry out base manure process, and select middle and lower part stem stalk to utilize the method for cuttage to carry out the cultivation of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia; The control of greenhouse temperature, the control of damage by disease and insect by pinching with topdress and control the speed of production of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia can be made to obtain the high yield of booth is noted in field management.Method simple practical of the present invention, the mouthfeel of gained lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia is good, is of high nutritive value.
Embodiment
Below by way of embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A cuttage implantation methods for lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, comprises the following steps:
(1) whole ground bedding: in May, 2013, selects the arable land that soil property is fertile, loose, deep, irrigation conditions is good, and carry out before plantation turning over and shine soil, deep ploughing is carefully harrowed, smooth bedding, and furrow are wide 1.6 meters, and furrow are high 0.2 meter, long 15 meters of furrow; Every mu of row replacement is become thoroughly decomposed pig cow dung 3000 kilograms;
(2) Fruit variety: select the white lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia of improved seeds Kunming great Ye being applicable to the cultivation of booth kipeming high yield:
(3) cuttage and seedling culture: early July carries out cuttage then, select the lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia stem stalk of stem stalk stalwartness as cuttage seeding, first cut by overground part, extracts Lao Ye, selects middle and lower part stem stalk that stem stalk is cut into 18 ~ 20cm stem section; Cuttage and seedling culture carries out spraying process once with weed killer herbicide drag-line or trefanocide to arable land in first 15 days.Press line-spacing 25cm in transplant field cuttage, spacing in the rows 10cm, cuttage subterranean depth is 5cm, and cuttage is carried out in every cave 2 strain; Water sufficient moisture content after cuttage, keep field humidity, in case of weather high temperature and drought should water 3 water continuously, guarantee survival rate, promote root of hair and germination;
(4) field management: when long 3 ~ 5 centimetres of cuttage seeding, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, composite fertilizer 10 kilograms topdresses, and notes keeping ground moistening for a long time, weeds a garden in time; Occur insect pest time with Methomyl, Imidacloprid, press down hooligan, carbendazim, powder rust spirit, Sukeling or Methylpartricin Sodium Laurylsulfate control; Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia starts bolting when blooming, pinching of pinching in time, in order to avoid reproductive growth loss nutrient; When temperature is down to put up a shed before 10 DEG C insulation, frost protections, cover with the thick Anti-fogging Film of 0.08cm, canopy height 1.7m, north-south, in canopy, fine day keeps 18 DEG C ~ 23 DEG C, should open the ventilation of canopy two the noon that temperature is high, in order to avoid the too high and excessive growth of Yin Wendu; Early November, flush with ground prescinds the cane of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, and remove field dead leaf, weeds, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, waters sufficient water, and early December covers plastic tunnel and shed, and to promote tender Stem nematode, tender stem suitable growth temperature is 12 ~ 18 DEG C, timely ventilation;
(5) science is plucked: when the tender strain of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia grow to 15 ~ 20cm, top lobus cardiacus not yet scatters, of light color green time press close to the harvesting of furrow face; Harvesting in every 30 days once; By the cane cut off except staying minority lobus cardiacus, rest blade is all erased; By different thicknesses classification binding, then after soaking with clear water, build with wet cloth and put in the cool.Softened can go on the market through 8 hours.
Embodiment 2
A cuttage implantation methods for lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, comprises the following steps:
(1) whole ground bedding: in June, 2013, selects the arable land that soil property is fertile, loose, deep, irrigation conditions is good, and carry out before plantation turning over and shine soil, deep ploughing is carefully harrowed, smooth bedding, and furrow are wide 2.2 meters, and furrow are high 0.3 meter, long 18 ~ 20 meters of furrow; Every mu of row replacement is become thoroughly decomposed dish cake 150 kilograms or Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 70 kilograms;
(2) Fruit variety: select the white lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia of improved seeds Kunming great Ye being applicable to the cultivation of booth kipeming high yield:
(3) cuttage and seedling culture: carry out cuttage in early July, selects the lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia stem stalk of stem stalk stalwartness as cuttage seeding, has first been cut by overground part, extracts Lao Ye, selects middle and lower part stem stalk that stem stalk is cut into 18 ~ 20cm stem section; Cuttage and seedling culture carries out spraying process once with weed killer herbicide drag-line or trefanocide to arable land in first 15 days.Press line-spacing 30cm in transplant field cuttage, spacing in the rows 15cm, cuttage subterranean depth is 8cm, and cuttage is carried out in every cave 2 strain; Water sufficient moisture content after cuttage, keep field humidity, meet weather high temperature and drought and water 3 ~ 4 water continuously, guarantee survival rate, promote root of hair and germination;
(4) field management: when long 3 ~ 5 centimetres of cuttage seeding, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, composite fertilizer 10 kilograms topdresses, and notes keeping ground moistening for a long time, weeds a garden in time; Occur insect pest time with Methomyl, Imidacloprid, press down hooligan, carbendazim, powder rust spirit, Sukeling or Methylpartricin Sodium Laurylsulfate control; Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia starts bolting when blooming, pinching of pinching in time, in order to avoid reproductive growth loss nutrient; When temperature is down to put up a shed before 10 DEG C insulation, frost protections, cover with the thick Anti-fogging Film of 0.08cm, canopy height 1.7m, north-south, in canopy, fine day keeps 18 DEG C ~ 23 DEG C, should open the ventilation of canopy two the noon that temperature is high, in order to avoid the too high and excessive growth of Yin Wendu; Early November, flush with ground prescinds the cane of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, and remove field dead leaf, weeds, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, waters sufficient water, and early December covers plastic tunnel and shed, and to promote tender Stem nematode, tender stem suitable growth temperature is 12 ~ 18 DEG C, timely ventilation;
(5) science is plucked: when the tender strain of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia grow to 20 ~ 25cm, top lobus cardiacus not yet scatters, of light color green time press close to the harvesting of furrow face; Harvesting in every 50 days once; By the cane cut off except staying minority lobus cardiacus, rest blade is all erased; By different thicknesses classification binding, then after soaking with clear water, build with wet cloth and put in the cool.Softened can go on the market through 10 hours.

Claims (2)

1. a cuttage implantation methods for lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) whole ground bedding: May or June, selects the arable land that soil property is fertile, loose, deep, irrigation conditions is good, and carry out before plantation turning over and shine soil, deep ploughing is carefully harrowed, smooth bedding, and furrow are wide 1.6 ~ 2.2 meters, and furrow are high 0.2 ~ 0.3 meter, long 15 ~ 20 meters of furrow; Every mu of row replacement is become thoroughly decomposed pig cow dung 3000 kilograms or become thoroughly decomposed dish cake 150 kilograms or Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 70 kilograms;
(2) Fruit variety: select the white lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia of improved seeds Kunming great Ye being applicable to the cultivation of booth kipeming high yield:
(3) cuttage and seedling culture: carry out cuttage in early July, selects the lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia stem stalk of stem stalk stalwartness as cuttage seeding, has first been cut by overground part, extracts Lao Ye, selects middle and lower part stem stalk that stem stalk is cut into 18 ~ 20cm stem section; Press line-spacing 25 ~ 30cm in transplant field cuttage, spacing in the rows 10 ~ 15cm, cuttage subterranean depth is 5cm ~ 8cm, and cuttage is carried out in every cave 2 strain; Water sufficient moisture content after cuttage, keep field humidity, in case of weather high temperature and drought should water 3 ~ 4 water continuously, guarantee survival rate, promote root of hair and germination;
(4) field management: when long 3 ~ 5 centimetres of cuttage seeding, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, composite fertilizer 10 kilograms topdresses, and notes keeping ground moistening for a long time, weeds a garden in time; Occur insect pest time with Methomyl, Imidacloprid, press down hooligan, carbendazim, powder rust spirit, Sukeling or Methylpartricin Sodium Laurylsulfate control; Lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia starts bolting when blooming, pinching of pinching in time, in order to avoid reproductive growth loss nutrient; When temperature is down to put up a shed before 10 DEG C insulation, frost protections, cover with the thick Anti-fogging Film of 0.08cm, canopy height 1.7m, north-south, in canopy, fine day keeps 18 DEG C ~ 23 DEG C, should open the ventilation of canopy two the noon that temperature is high, in order to avoid the too high and excessive growth of Yin Wendu; Early November, flush with ground prescinds the cane of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia, and remove field dead leaf, weeds, mu executes 10 kilograms, urea, waters sufficient water, and early December covers plastic tunnel and shed, and to promote tender Stem nematode, tender stem suitable growth temperature is 12 ~ 18 DEG C, timely ventilation;
(5) science is plucked: when the tender strain of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia grow to 15 ~ 25cm, top lobus cardiacus not yet scatters, of light color green time press close to the harvesting of furrow face; Harvesting in every 30 days ~ 50 days once; By the cane cut off except staying minority lobus cardiacus, rest blade is all erased; By different thicknesses classification binding, then after soaking with clear water, build with wet cloth and put in the cool.Softened can go on the market through 8 ~ 10 hours.
2. the cuttage implantation methods of a kind of lamb's-quarters wormwood artemisia according to claim 1, is characterized in that: within first 15 days, carry out spraying process once with weed killer herbicide drag-line or trefanocide to arable land in step (3) cuttage and seedling culture.
CN201510038429.4A 2015-01-26 2015-01-26 Method for planting artemisia selengensis in cutting way Pending CN104641892A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724032A (en) * 2016-03-14 2016-07-06 武汉荷香源农业发展有限公司 Artemisia selengensis tender seedling heat preservation and culturing method
CN106538201A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-03-29 浠水县冬容蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Herba chenopodii Artemisia
CN107787772A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-13 江西省岚鑫农业发展有限公司 A kind of nonirrigated farmland implantation methods of artemisia selengensis

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
吕宏生 等: "淮北地区芦蒿倒棚腾茬栽培技术", 《现代农业科技》 *
梅再胜 等: "黄石市大棚藜蒿高产栽培技术", 《科学种养》 *
闫嫣: "蒌蒿保护地栽培技术", 《农业科技通讯》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724032A (en) * 2016-03-14 2016-07-06 武汉荷香源农业发展有限公司 Artemisia selengensis tender seedling heat preservation and culturing method
CN106538201A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-03-29 浠水县冬容蔬菜专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Herba chenopodii Artemisia
CN106538201B (en) * 2016-10-27 2020-01-07 浠水县冬容蔬菜专业合作社 Planting method of artemisia selengensis
CN107787772A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-03-13 江西省岚鑫农业发展有限公司 A kind of nonirrigated farmland implantation methods of artemisia selengensis

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