CN102267437A - Fast power transformation station of battery box of electric automobile and replacement method of battery box - Google Patents

Fast power transformation station of battery box of electric automobile and replacement method of battery box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102267437A
CN102267437A CN2011101085376A CN201110108537A CN102267437A CN 102267437 A CN102267437 A CN 102267437A CN 2011101085376 A CN2011101085376 A CN 2011101085376A CN 201110108537 A CN201110108537 A CN 201110108537A CN 102267437 A CN102267437 A CN 102267437A
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battery box
platform
lifting
way
roller
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CN2011101085376A
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CN102267437B (en
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魏世民
白国超
宋洪舟
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Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
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Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fast power transformation station of a battery box of an electric automobile and a replacement method of the battery box. The power transformation station at least comprises the following devices: an automobile positioning platform, a battery box lifting and replacing platform, a stacking machine, a battery box storage rack, a logistics transmission port of the battery box and a delivery roller way which are symmetrically arranged relative to the longitudinal movement axis of the stacking machine, the simultaneous working of the two power transformation systems can be achieved, and the space utilization rate and the power transformation efficiency are improved. The fast power transformation station also comprises a power supply system which is arranged on a roof and consists of a solar photovoltaic power generation battery board; and self sufficiency of power can be achieved by virtue of the solar energy, the power supply of the equipment in the station or the charging for the battery box in the station are met. The invention also provides the replacement method of the battery box of the power transformation station. According to the power transformation station, the distribution is reasonable, the space utilization rate is high, the work of the equipment is reliable and simple, and the power transformation process is fast, so that the power transformation time can be shortened, the power transformation fault is reduced, and the compatibility for different vehicles and different battery boxes is also improved.

Description

The quick electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case and battery box replacing method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of quick electrical changing station and battery box replacing method thereof of batteries of electric automobile case, belong to the supporting technology field of electronlmobil.
Background technology
Automobile is that human society has brought convenience, has become the indispensable important vehicle of human society daily life.In global auto-industry fast development, two extremely serious negative effects have also been brought: petroleum-based energy crisis and increasing environmental pollution.The traveling automobile overwhelming majority adopts fuel oil as power in the society at present, and oil resources are a kind of non-renewable energy, and oil production in the last hundred years, consumption and use all present the trend of develop rapidly.The sustainable development of auto-industry has been subjected to the baptism and the challenge of factors such as the energy, environment.National governments and relevant enterprise are all generally recognized: energy-saving and emission-reduction are main directions of following automotive technology development, and the development electronlmobil is the optimal path that solves energy shock and environmental pollution two hang-ups.So adopting the automobile of new forms of energy is developing tendency in future, wherein pure electric automobile has the advantage of environmental protection because of it, will become the leading of future world automotive field.
Electronlmobil be with vehicle power as power, travel with power wheel, meet the self-propelled vehicle of every requirement of arteries of communication, legislative control on safety.Now, in urban taxi and individual family, use electronlmobil to obtain quite general approval and application in the big city of America and Europe's part country and Japan.Yet because the restriction of the battery-charging station on the road, the continuation of the journey mileage of pure electric automobile is subjected to severely restricts, also is the obstacle that hinders its development.Though succeeded in developing the fast charge technology now, it has destructive effect to battery, and this charge mode also is unfavorable for regular detection, maintenance and the maintenance of battery, also influences and shortens battery service life.The shortcut of another kind of fast charge is: change battery, can realize replenishing fast the energy like this, can detect the used batteries the replacing under, maintain and safeguard again, raising battery service life.So build the electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case in the city is an effective way that solves the battery car flying power.
At present, it mainly is to change electricity in automobile both sides horizontal direction that electronlmobil is changed the battery box mode, and for example " power battery of electric vehicle fast replacement system " (Chinese invention patent application publication number CN101284524A), " a kind of vehicle mounted dynamic battery changing system " are (CN101214814A) and " device for rapidly replacing battery of electric automobile " situation about (CN101564984A) introducing.Because the battery box weight of the pure electric sedan of driving more than 150 kilometers will reach more than 200 kilograms, for counterweight reasonable, its battery box is not mounted in preceding, the tail two ends of vehicle, can only be installed in the bottom side of vehicle middle passenger seat, for example " a kind of electronlmobil " (Chinese utility model patent Granted publication CN201195491Y).Also there is document to introduce the method for electrically that changes of this structure automobile, for example: " the automatically replacing battery system of electronlmobil and the method for changing batteries of electric automobile automatically " (CN101870284A) and " a kind of fast-assembling quick-change system of batteries of electric automobile and fast-assembling quick change method " (CN101559758A), but, the former can only carry out coarse positioning to battery by battery change system, can not realize accurate loading and unloading.Although the latter's specific design adapter plate on the electronlmobil, power brick, body platform and installation process, do not mention and how to realize that lifting device follows the accurate location of electronlmobil bottom battery case.Therefore, existing domestic technique just adopts blind slotting replacing, the poor reliability of loading and unloading battery case to this type of battery.
The Better place company of the U.S. has proposed the technical scheme of the fast quick change electricity of battery box, and has been applied.Its system mainly is provided with: the vehicle location platform, change electric equipment, battery box load transfer device and battery box storage vault.The core of changing electric equipment is to adopt the duplex waggon that can move on a strip transmission line, is used to carry full electric battery box and power shortage battery box, and the unloading of battery box and installation are all finished by a fixing liftable lifting equipment.Though the whole process of this technical scheme has realized automation, its problem is: the travel line distance is oversize, and the place occupation space is big, and the cost of investment height of whole station is unfavorable for promotion and application.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the objective of the invention is to provide a kind of quick electrical changing station and replacing method thereof of batteries of electric automobile case at the pure electronic manned vehicle that battery box is installed on vehicle bottom, the characteristics of electrical changing station of the present invention are: the space availability ratio height of whole electrical changing station system station layout, it is reliable, simple and direct that the equipment work of battery box is changed in the location, it is fast to change the electric current journey, battery box logistics interchange channel efficient height, can either shorten and change the electricity time, reduce and change electric fault, also improved for the compatible performance of different vehicle with different battery boxs.
In order to reach the foregoing invention purpose, the invention provides a kind of quick electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case, it is characterized in that: described quick electrical changing station comprises following apparatus at least: the bus location platform, and platform, piler are changed in the battery box lifting, the battery box storage rack, the logistics of battery box transmission mouthful, and rollgang, each device are with the longitudinal travel axis of piler and are symmetrical arranged, to realize that two buy or get by illegal means electric system and work simultaneously, improve space availability ratio and change electrical efficiency; Wherein,
The bus location platform is positioned at the battery box lifting and changes the platform top, is used for vehicle parking and vertical and horizontal coarse positioning; Be provided with: the wheel guide channel and the electromagnetism earth subsidence unit of the through hole in the middle of being positioned at, guiding wheel working direction;
Platform is changed in the battery box lifting, be positioned at bus location platform intermediate throughholes under, be used for removing stage makeup and costume and locating of battery box; Constituent elements comprises: wireless remote control is realized horizontally rotating, vertical or horizontal mobile three degree of freedom is regulated align member, by the double-deck scissors mechanism of hydraulic piston or motor and leading screw driving lifting, rotation positioning platform, and electrohydraulic control case; Wherein rotation positioning platform is positioned at top layer, by two-layered steel plates with lay respectively at its interlayer central authorities and form with thrust ball bearing and circumferential registration ball, the pneumatic locating dowel pin of periphery, vertical or horizontal running fix member is made of vertical or horizontal mobile mobile platform and its ball-screw and drive motor respectively;
Piler is a lane stacker, is positioned on the longitudinal axis of electrical changing station of symmetric arrangement, is used for automatic access battery box, realizes battery box access fast and efficiently, folded buttress; Constituent elements comprises: operating unit, lifting mechanism is equipped with the loading platform, frame and the electrical control gear that deposit, withdraw the cargo aircraft structure, wherein deposit, withdraw that the cargo aircraft structure can carry out horizontal bilateral deposit, withdraw goods operation;
The battery box storage rack, the two row's battery box storage rack branches that are symmetric arrangement, semi-underground type structure are located at the both sides of piler, are used for depositing respectively the battery box of full electricity, power shortage; It is rationally distributed, the space availability ratio height, and the preservation to battery box simultaneously has certain advantage;
The logistics transmission mouth of battery box, be positioned at an end of piler track, the full electric battery box that is used for transporting is delivered to piler via a side roller-way of this transmission mouth and is got the cargo aircraft structure, and put into the battery box storage rack by piler, maybe will send via the opposite side roller-way of this transmission mouth, deliver to the unified charging of battery box battery-charging station by the logistics distribution car again from the power shortage battery box that the battery box storage rack takes out;
Rollgang for adopting motor-driven short roll table, is used for carrying, carries battery box; Be provided with following four types altogether: outside roller-way, inboard roller-way, battery box carriage roller-way and logistics transmission mouthful roller-way.
In order to reach the foregoing invention purpose, the present invention also provides the quick electrical changing station of a kind of the present invention of employing to change the method for battery, and it is characterized in that: described method comprises following control step:
(1) the full electric battery box of taking: after electronlmobil enters the station and swipes the card, the control system of this quick electrical changing station just is sent to this electronlmobil vehicle and battery box information thereof the storage control setup of battery box storage rack, and to the instruction that piler sends the full electric battery box of taking, begin to change the beamhouse operation of battery box: piler is delivered to inboard roller-way from the battery box storage rack corresponding full electric battery box of taking;
(2) temporary full electric battery box: full electric battery box is temporary in this outside roller-way after being sent to outside roller-way from inboard roller-way via the battery box carriage roller-way on the battery box lifting replacing platform;
(3) automobile coarse positioning: electronlmobil sails the bus location platform into, utilizes wheel guide channel and electromagnetism earth subsidence unit to carry out coarse positioning;
(4) battery box location: two laser holes on the flat-bed rotation positioning platform are changed in the battery box lifting, send two bundle laser, shine the battery box bottom surface of automobile; Again by the video monitor on this rotation positioning platform, observe this two bundles laser and whether aim at the marking point of battery box bottom surface, and control laterally, vertically move the rotation of flat-bed displacement and rotation positioning platform respectively with motor, so that this two bundles laser alignment marking point, and write down the moving displacement amount of this three degree of freedom drive motor automatically;
(5) unloading power shortage battery box: make hydraulic piston or motor leading screw drive double-deck scissors mechanism lifting by control button, allow rotation positioning platform and battery box contact the back release fully, make power shortage battery box and car chassis break away from, discharge and unloading power shortage battery box;
(6) carry the power shortage battery box: the battery box lifting is changed the double-deck scissors mechanism of flat-bed and is descended, this power shortage battery box is returned to the above-mentioned three-dimensional initial position of adjusting member, thereby drop on the battery box carriage roller-way on this lifting replacing platform, be transported to inboard roller-way then, take away by piler, put into the battery box storage rack and charge;
(7) carry full electric battery box: the full electric battery box outside being temporarily stored on the roller-way is transported to directly over the lifting replacing flat-bed by outside roller-way;
(8) be loaded with full electric battery box: the battery box lifting change platform recovering step (4) record laterally, vertically move the anglec of rotation of flat-bed displacement and rotation positioning platform, again by double-deck scissors mechanism lifting, to expire electric battery box lifts and is loaded on the electronlmobil, behind the locking of the electromechanical locks in automobile battery box, the battery box lifting is changed platform and is descended, make this three-dimensional adjust member and recover its initial position, finish the replacing of battery box; The electronlmobil departures;
(9) finish all operations of fast quick change electricity, be in and wait for next time and change electricity condition.
The present invention is that the applicant is at its application for a patent for invention " battery change system of portable electric automobile and replacing method thereof " (application number: 201110096497.8) improvement on the basis and innovation, be characterized in realizing the replacing fast and automatically of batteries of electric automobile case, promptly realized the automation of installation, location and the dismounting of batteries of electric automobile case, whole process had both guaranteed work accuracy and reliability, simultaneously can also compatible different automobile types and the replacing of battery box.Each component devices of the quick electrical changing station total system of batteries of electric automobile case of the present invention all is symmetric configuration with the line that vertically moves of piler, can realize two change electric system time operation, work, improve space availability ratio and changed electrical efficiency, had good popularization and application prospect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 (A), (B), (C) are respectively the quick electrical changing station main assembly structural front view of batteries of electric automobile case of the present invention.Lateral plan and birds-eye view.
Fig. 2 (A), (B) are respectively front view and the birds-eye vieies that the quick electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case of the present invention removes the roof.
Fig. 3 is the front view that is positioned under ground portion of the quick electrical changing station of the present invention, has wherein identified the position of battery box carriage and inside and outside rollgang.
Fig. 4 is the one-sided axonometric drawing that changes electric system of the quick electrical changing station of the present invention.
Fig. 5 (A), (B) are respectively that battery box of the present invention is changed flat-bed front view and axonometric drawing thereof.
Fig. 6 is that the battery box of the quick electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case of the present invention is changed method flow diagram.
The specific embodiment
For making the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 5, introduce the structure of the quick electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case of the present invention and form:
This quick electrical changing station comprises following apparatus: bus location platform 1, platform 2 is changed in the battery box lifting, piler 3, battery box storage rack 4, rollgang 5, (this equipment is the apolegamy part to electric power system on the logistics transmission mouth 6 of battery box and the electrical changing station roof 7, that be made up of solar energy power generating cell panel 71, be used for satisfying the power supply of each equipment in the station, or be 8 chargings of the battery box in the station, to strive for realizing the self-sufficient of electric energy, need not to connect existing electric network power taking by solar power).Each device of the present invention is that the longitudinal travel axis with piler 3 is and is symmetrical arranged (referring to Fig. 2), and to buy or get by illegal means electric system be that electronlmobil 9 is finished and changed the electricity operation simultaneously to realize two, improves space availability ratio and change electrical efficiency.
The structure that specifies above-mentioned each device of the present invention is below formed:
The bus location platform 1 that is used for vehicle parking and vertical coarse positioning is positioned at the top that platform 2 is changed in the battery box lifting, and it is provided with three primary members: wheel guide channel 11, electromagnetism earth subsidence unit 12 and the intermediate throughholes 13 of guiding wheel working direction.Wherein wheel guide channel 11 is symmetrically distributed, exceeds two protruding rails on 3~10 centimetres on the plane of platform 2 along the longitudinal axis of bus location platform 1, protruding rail of its front end is bell mouth shape, another protruding rail is half bell-mouthed single track, the working direction of guiding wheel when being used for battery-driven car and sailing into, avoid being absorbed in the middle rectangular through-hole opening 13 of platform, guarantee that simultaneously its located lateral is accurate.Electromagnetism earth subsidence unit 12 is symmetrically distributed and is positioned at the intermediate throughholes opening 13 of bus location platform 1 and the both sides of longitudinal axis.Its action is controlled by spring, electromagnetic location pin in electromagnetism earth subsidence unit 12, is used for vertical coarse positioning automotive wheel position; Promptly when vehicle enters electrical changing station, determine its wheel base according to detected vehicle, which piece earth subsidence piece of controlling again in the electromagnetism earth subsidence unit 12 sink, so that after automobile sails on this platform 1, the restriction vehicle continues to travel, and on bus location platform 1 this automobile is realized vertically and horizontal parking coarse positioning.
The battery box lifting of removing stage makeup and costume and locating that is used for battery box 8 change platform 2 be positioned at bus location platform 1 intermediate throughholes 13 under, its constituent elements comprises: by the double-deck scissors mechanism 21 of hydraulic piston or motor and leading screw driving lifting, wireless remote control is realized horizontally rotating, vertical or horizontal mobile three degree of freedom is regulated align member: rotation positioning platform 25 and vertical or horizontal running fix member.The rotation positioning platform 25 that wherein is used to carry full electricity or power shortage battery box 8 is positioned at top layer, form (referring to Fig. 5) by two-layered steel plates and the thrust ball bearing and circumferential registration ball, the pneumatic locating dowel pin that lay respectively at its interlayer central authorities and periphery, adjust the angular error between battery box 8 and the target location by the circumferential registration ball between the two-layered steel plates platform centers on the small size rotation of axis in its lower floor's platform groove.Vertically moving align member is made of the mobile platform 24 that vertically moves and its ball-screw and drive motor 22 respectively, same, the side travel align member is made of with its ball-screw and drive motor (not shown) the mobile platform 23 of side travel respectively, and electrohydraulic control case (not shown).Bilayer scissors fork elevating mechanism 21 is used for lifting rotation positioning platform 25, and miles of relative movement is big, battery box jack-up setpoint distance can be finished the replacing of battery box.Laterally or vertically move platform 23,24 be used to realize rotation positioning platform 25 laterally or translation longitudinally, change distance between platform 2 and the vehicle target position to adjust the battery box lifting.Also be provided with on the table top of rotation positioning platform 25: the accurate location battery box locating dowel pin 26 when being used to hold battery box, and the video monitoring image pick-up device 28 of the loading and unloading of monitoring battery case location and the laser positioning hole 27 of both sides thereof.This device is realized the adjustment of the three degree of freedom of horizontal, vertical and rotation by each unit construction, so that determine that battery box 8 docks with the accurate of vehicle target position.
The piler 3 that is positioned on the longitudinal axis of electrical changing station of symmetric arrangement is traditional lane stacker, is used for automatic access battery box 8, realizes battery box access fast and efficiently and folded buttress.Its constituent elements comprises: framework pillar 31, day rail 32 and ground rail, be equipped with and deposit, withdraw the cargo aircraft structure, can carry out the loading platform 33 that goods is operated that deposits, withdraws of horizontal bilateral and operating unit not shown in the figures, lifting mechanism and electrical control gear.Piler has been realized the automation mechanized operation of access goods, makes the access of battery box efficient again fast.
Two row's battery box storage racks 4 of semi-underground type structure are symmetric arrangement, divide to be located at the both sides of piler 3, promptly to change between the electric system and realize sharing it at two, and wherein left side 41 is used to deposit full electric battery box, right side 42 is used to deposit the power shortage battery box.This layout structure is reasonable, the space availability ratio height, and the preservation to battery box simultaneously has certain advantage.
Rollgang 5 is to use motor-driven short roll table, is used for carrying, carries battery box 8 to be provided with following four types (referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 2) altogether: be used for the outside roller-way 52 of temporary full electric battery box 8, be positioned at the battery box lifting and change the platform 2 underground outsides.Being used for tie stacker machine 3 carries the inboard roller-way 51 of battery box 8 to be positioned at battery box lifting replacing platform 2 underground inboards.Be positioned at the battery box carriage roller-way 53 on the battery box lifting replacing platform 2, be used to locate, transmit and deposit the battery box 8 of preparing loading and unloading.On the ground logistics transmission mouthful roller-way 54 has two: at the two ends of battery box logistics transmission mouthfuls 6, send for the logistics distribution car and to get battery box.All rollgangs all adopt the short roll table structure, because long roller-way can produce unbalance stress and bending under the operation more for a long time, influence the location of battery box course of conveying.
The logistics transmission mouth 6 of battery box is positioned at an end of the ground rail of piler 3, to transport the full electric battery box that comes to make things convenient for piler to enter and put into battery box storage rack 4 via a side roller-way of this transmission mouth 6, maybe will send via the opposite side roller-way of this transmission mouth, deliver to the unified charging of battery box battery-charging station by the logistics distribution car again from the power shortage battery box that battery box storage rack 4 takes out.
Referring to Fig. 6, introduce the concrete operations step of battery box replacing method of the quick electrical changing station of batteries of electric automobile case of the present invention:
(1) the full electric battery box of taking: after electronlmobil enters the station and swipes the card, the control system of this quick electrical changing station just is sent to this electronlmobil vehicle and battery box information thereof the storage control setup of battery box storage rack, and to the instruction that piler sends the full electric battery box of taking, begin to change the beamhouse operation of battery box: piler is delivered to inboard roller-way from the battery box storage rack corresponding full electric battery box of taking;
(2) temporary full electric battery box: full electric battery box is temporary in this outside roller-way after being sent to outside roller-way from inboard roller-way via the battery box carriage roller-way on the battery box lifting replacing platform;
(3) automobile coarse positioning: electronlmobil sails the bus location platform into, utilizes wheel guide channel and electromagnetism earth subsidence unit to carry out coarse positioning;
(4) battery box location: two laser holes on the flat-bed rotation positioning platform are changed in the battery box lifting, send two bundle laser, shine the battery box bottom surface of automobile; Again by the video monitor on this rotation positioning platform, observe this two bundles laser and whether aim at the marking point of battery box bottom surface, and control laterally, vertically move the rotation of flat-bed displacement and rotation positioning platform respectively with motor, so that this two bundles laser alignment marking point, and write down the moving displacement amount of this three degree of freedom drive motor automatically;
(5) unloading power shortage battery box: make hydraulic piston or motor leading screw drive double-deck scissors mechanism lifting by control button, allow rotation positioning platform and battery box contact the back release fully, make power shortage battery box and car chassis break away from, discharge and unloading power shortage battery box;
(6) carry the power shortage battery box: the battery box lifting is changed the double-deck scissors mechanism of flat-bed and is descended, this power shortage battery box is returned to the above-mentioned three-dimensional initial position of adjusting member, thereby drop on the battery box carriage roller-way on this lifting replacing platform, be transported to inboard roller-way then, take away by piler, put into the battery box storage rack and charge;
(7) carry full electric battery box: the full electric battery box outside being temporarily stored on the roller-way is transported to directly over the lifting replacing flat-bed by outside roller-way;
(8) be loaded with full electric battery box: the battery box lifting change platform recovering step (4) record laterally, vertically move the anglec of rotation of flat-bed displacement and rotation positioning platform, again by double-deck scissors mechanism lifting, to expire electric battery box lifts and is loaded on the electronlmobil, behind the locking of the electromechanical locks in automobile battery box, the battery box lifting is changed platform and is descended, make this three-dimensional adjust member and recover its initial position, finish the replacing of battery box; The electronlmobil departures;
(9) finish all operations of fast quick change electricity, be in and wait for next time and change electricity condition.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is in order to restriction the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of being made, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. the quick electrical changing station of a batteries of electric automobile case, it is characterized in that: described quick electrical changing station comprises following apparatus at least: the bus location platform, platform is changed in the battery box lifting, piler, battery box storage rack, the logistics transmission mouth of battery box, and rollgang, each device is with the longitudinal travel axis of piler and is symmetrical arranged, and buys or get by illegal means electric system and works simultaneously to realize two, improves space availability ratio and changes electrical efficiency; Wherein,
The bus location platform is positioned at the battery box lifting and changes the platform top, is used for vehicle parking and vertical and horizontal coarse positioning; Be provided with: the wheel guide channel and the electromagnetism earth subsidence unit of the through hole in the middle of being positioned at, guiding wheel working direction;
Platform is changed in the battery box lifting, be positioned at bus location platform intermediate throughholes under, be used for removing stage makeup and costume and locating of battery box; Constituent elements comprises: wireless remote control is realized horizontally rotating, vertical or horizontal mobile three degree of freedom is regulated align member, by the double-deck scissors mechanism of hydraulic piston or motor and leading screw driving lifting, rotation positioning platform, and electrohydraulic control case; Wherein rotation positioning platform is positioned at top layer, by two-layered steel plates with lay respectively at its interlayer central authorities and form with thrust ball bearing and circumferential registration ball, the pneumatic locating dowel pin of periphery, vertical or horizontal running fix member is made of vertical or horizontal mobile mobile platform and its ball-screw and drive motor respectively;
Piler is a lane stacker, is positioned on the longitudinal axis of electrical changing station of symmetric arrangement, is used for automatic access battery box, realizes battery box access fast and efficiently, folded buttress; Constituent elements comprises: operating unit, lifting mechanism is equipped with the loading platform, frame and the electrical control gear that deposit, withdraw the cargo aircraft structure, wherein deposit, withdraw that the cargo aircraft structure can carry out horizontal bilateral deposit, withdraw goods operation;
The battery box storage rack, the two row's battery box storage rack branches that are symmetric arrangement, semi-underground type structure are located at the both sides of piler, are used for depositing respectively the battery box of full electricity, power shortage; It is rationally distributed, the space availability ratio height, and the preservation to battery box simultaneously has certain advantage;
The logistics transmission mouth of battery box, be positioned at an end of piler track, the full electric battery box that is used for transporting is delivered to piler via a side roller-way of this transmission mouth and is got the cargo aircraft structure, and put into the battery box storage rack by piler, maybe will send via the opposite side roller-way of this transmission mouth, deliver to the unified charging of battery box battery-charging station by the logistics distribution car again from the power shortage battery box that the battery box storage rack takes out;
Rollgang for adopting motor-driven short roll table, is used for carrying, carries battery box; Be provided with following four types altogether: outside roller-way, inboard roller-way, battery box carriage roller-way and logistics transmission mouthful roller-way.
2. system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described quick electrical changing station also comprises: be installed in electric power system on this quick electrical changing station wayside equipment ceiling, that be made up of the solar energy power generating cell panel, be used to satisfy the power supply of station equipment, or be battery box charging in the station, to strive for realizing the self-sufficient of electric energy, need not to connect existing electric network power taking by solar power.
3. system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bus location flat-bed wheel guide channel is two protruding rails that are symmetrically distributed, exceed 3~10 centimetres of platform plane along bus location platform longitudinal axis, protruding rail of its front end is bell mouth shape, another protruding rail is half bell-mouthed single track, guiding wheel working direction when being used for battery-driven car and sailing into, avoid being absorbed in the rectangular through-hole opening in the middle of the platform, guarantee that simultaneously horizontal coarse positioning is accurate; Electromagnetism earth subsidence unit is symmetrically distributed and is positioned at the both sides of bus location flat-bed intermediate rectangular via openings and longitudinal axis, is provided with the earth subsidence piece of being controlled its action by spring, electromagnetic location pin, is used for vertical coarse positioning automotive wheel position; Promptly when vehicle enters electrical changing station, determine its wheel base according to detected vehicle, which piece earth subsidence piece of controlling again in the electromagnetism earth subsidence unit sink, so that after automobile sails on this platform, the restriction vehicle continues to travel, and on the bus location platform this automobile is realized vertical coarse positioning.
4. system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rotation positioning platform is used to carry full electricity or power shortage battery box, and this rotation positioning platform is adjusted the angular error between battery box and the target location by the circumferential registration ball between the two-layer platform centers on the small size rotation of axis in its lower floor's platform groove; Bilayer scissors fork elevating mechanism is used for the lifting rotation positioning platform, and miles of relative movement is big, battery box jack-up setpoint distance can be finished the replacing of battery box; Laterally or vertically move platform and be used for realizing laterally or translation longitudinally, change distance between platform and the vehicle target position to adjust the battery box lifting; Each unit construction realizes laterally, vertically and the three-dimensional adjustment of rotation so that determine that battery box docks with the accurate of vehicle target position.
5. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the table top of described rotation positioning platform is provided with the battery box locating dowel pin, the accurate location when being used to hold battery box; Described rotation positioning platform is provided with the laser positioning hole of video monitoring image pick-up device and both sides thereof, is used for the loading and unloading location of monitoring battery case.
6. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is underground that described outside roller-way is positioned at the battery box lifting replacing platform outside, is used for temporary full electric battery box; Described inboard roller-way is positioned at the battery box lifting and changes platform medially down, is used for the tie stacker machine and carries battery box; Described battery box carriage roller-way is positioned at the battery box lifting and changes on the platform, is used to locate, transmit and deposit the battery box of preparing loading and unloading; A described logistics transmission mouthful roller-way has two, lays respectively at battery box logistics transmission mouthful two ends, send for the logistics distribution car and gets battery box.
7. method that adopts the described quick electrical changing station of claim 1 to change battery, it is characterized in that: described method comprises following control step:
(1) the full electric battery box of taking: after electronlmobil enters the station and swipes the card, the control system of this quick electrical changing station just is sent to this electronlmobil vehicle and battery box information thereof the storage control setup of battery box storage rack, and to the instruction that piler sends the full electric battery box of taking, begin to change the beamhouse operation of battery box: piler is delivered to inboard roller-way from the battery box storage rack corresponding full electric battery box of taking;
(2) temporary full electric battery box: full electric battery box is temporary in this outside roller-way after being sent to outside roller-way from inboard roller-way via the battery box carriage roller-way on the battery box lifting replacing platform;
(3) automobile coarse positioning: electronlmobil sails the bus location platform into, utilizes wheel guide channel and electromagnetism earth subsidence unit to carry out coarse positioning;
(4) battery box location: two laser holes on the flat-bed rotation positioning platform are changed in the battery box lifting, send two bundle laser, shine the battery box bottom surface of automobile; Again by the video monitor on this rotation positioning platform, observe this two bundles laser and whether aim at the marking point of battery box bottom surface, and control laterally, vertically move the rotation of flat-bed displacement and rotation positioning platform respectively with motor, so that this two bundles laser alignment marking point, and write down the moving displacement amount of this three degree of freedom drive motor automatically;
(5) unloading power shortage battery box: make hydraulic piston or motor leading screw drive double-deck scissors mechanism lifting by control button, allow rotation positioning platform and battery box contact the back release fully, make power shortage battery box and car chassis break away from, discharge and unloading power shortage battery box;
(6) carry the power shortage battery box: the battery box lifting is changed the double-deck scissors mechanism of flat-bed and is descended, this power shortage battery box is returned to the above-mentioned three-dimensional initial position of adjusting member, thereby drop on the battery box carriage roller-way on this lifting replacing platform, be transported to inboard roller-way then, take away by piler, put into the battery box storage rack and charge;
(7) carry full electric battery box: the full electric battery box outside being temporarily stored on the roller-way is transported to directly over the lifting replacing flat-bed by outside roller-way;
(8) be loaded with full electric battery box: the battery box lifting change platform recovering step (4) record laterally, vertically move the anglec of rotation of flat-bed displacement and rotation positioning platform, again by double-deck scissors mechanism lifting, to expire electric battery box lifts and is loaded on the electronlmobil, behind the locking of the electromechanical locks in automobile battery box, the battery box lifting is changed platform and is descended, make this three-dimensional adjust member and recover its initial position, finish the replacing of battery box; The electronlmobil departures;
(9) finish all operations of fast quick change electricity, be in and wait for next time and change electricity condition.
CN 201110108537 2011-04-28 2011-04-28 Fast power transformation station of battery box of electric automobile and replacement method of battery box Expired - Fee Related CN102267437B (en)

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