CN101130465A - Grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacturing method therefor - Google Patents

Grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacturing method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101130465A
CN101130465A CNA2007101385675A CN200710138567A CN101130465A CN 101130465 A CN101130465 A CN 101130465A CN A2007101385675 A CNA2007101385675 A CN A2007101385675A CN 200710138567 A CN200710138567 A CN 200710138567A CN 101130465 A CN101130465 A CN 101130465A
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fertilizer
humic acid
acid compound
compound biological
activator
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李秀荣
王心歌
李铁仁
闫论
陈明
韩友庆
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XINJIANG HUISEN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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XINJIANG HUISEN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a particle-typed biological composite fertilizer and preparing method of humic acid, which is characterized by the following: adopting low-temperature graining and drying without breaking germ; dispensing solid particle typed fertilizer of humic acid, biological bacterial fertilizer and middle and trace element with weight rate at 2: (0. 1-0. 2): (0. 05-0. 1) through effective compatibility of microbe composite germ and humic acid and relative element; solving the coordinate action of each bacteria in the composite microbe fertilizer without mutual antagonism; making the bacteria display heat-proof property; blending the microbe and fitful quantity of azophoska fertilizer to act; fitting for increasing production and effectiveness in the agricultural domain.

Description

A kind of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacture method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of humic acids composite microbial manure field, concrete a kind of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology
Humic acids is the animals and plants remains, mainly is the remains of plant, and through decomposition and the conversion of microorganism, and a series of change procedures of geochemistry, physics cause a class macromole organic monoacid mixture that accumulates.Humic acids extensively is present in soil, peat, brown coal, the weathered coal, and a small amount of humic acids is also contained in ocean, lake and marsh in the natural water.The humic acids total amount maximum that soil is contained, but average content less than 1%; The total amount that contains in the degree of saltiness water is quite a few, but concentration is lower, is impossible as development of resources.Wherein the resource of humic acid that most is hopeful to be developed is some ground calorific value coals, and such as peat, brown coal and weathered coal, its humic acids content reaches 10-60%.
For a long time, because the excessive use chemical fertilizer of China, cause soil compaction, environmental pollution, underground water nitrite, nitrate content severe overweight, influence and suppressed China's green ecological sustainable economic development.The high-tech product of the excavation xanthohumic acid of science can contribute for solving China's green ecological sustainable economic development.The new technology that the potential technology that present domestic xanthohumic acid agricultural aspect is used mainly adopts mineral resources xanthohumic acid and biological fermentation product to combine in the world, and in production technique, use composite flora fermentation technique and single stage method extracting xanthohumic acid bonded technology, this will make xanthohumic acid use in agricultural and demonstrate great vitality.
Because the organic structure of humic acids self complexity after it makes fertilizer, has the effect of well improving the soil.Studies show that xanthohumic acid effect agriculturally mainly contains, improve the soil, promote fertilizer efficiency, the stimulating plant growth increases stress resistance of plant, improves the quality of plant.
Existing Remixed humic acid fertilizer does not only have the effective of bacterial manure, and owing to add a large amount of urea (15-25%) in the prescription, make soil with organic matter successively decrease, alkali materials such as calcium magnesium wane, to cause soil acid bow structure plate, soil does not have crumb structure, can not coordinate liquid manure gas heat condition in the soil, and the urea of high density produces high strength ammonia and poisons in hydrolytic process, make plant that the yellow of leaf look take place, move back green aura etc., rain drop erosion nitrogen runs off and also can cause the danger of water pollution, and this is the deficiencies in the prior art and defective.
Simultaneously, in the prior art, composite microbiological fertilizer (three-in-one microbial fertilizer) collection inorganic fertilizer quick-acting, the synergy of the long-acting and bio-fertilizer of fertilizer is one, in its preparation process mainly existing problem or technological difficulties:
Easily produce the back phenomena of mortality of being heated when 1, drying in the microorganism granulation process;
2, microorganism and high-load nitrogen, phosphorus, potassic fertilizer mix back microorganism under the high osmotic pressure situation mutually and easily lose activity.
3, in microbial fertilizer between each bacterial classification, can not the alternate coordinative role between bacterium and the bacterium, antagonism takes place each other.
Summary of the invention
At adding a large amount of urea in the present Remixed humic acid fertilizer formula, make soil with organic matter successively decrease, alkali materials such as calcium magnesium wane, to cause soil acid bow structure plate, soil does not have crumb structure, can not coordinate liquid manure gas heat condition in the soil, and the urea of high density produces high strength ammonia and poisons in hydrolytic process, make plant that the yellow of leaf look take place, move back danger such as green aura, simultaneously, in the existing composite microbiological fertilizer, between each bacterial classification, can not the alternate coordinative role between bacterium and the bacterium, antagonism takes place each other, also exist microorganism and high-load NPK fertilizers mix mutually that back microorganism under the high osmotic pressure situation easily loses activity and the microorganism granulation process in easily produce the present situation of the back death of being heated during oven dry.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of novel particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacture method thereof, being intended to solve in the composite microbiological fertilizer between each bacterial classification can the alternate coordinative role, antagonism does not take place each other, and bacterial classification self has heat-resistant quality, and in production technique, adopt the low temperature granulating and drying, do not destroy bacterial classification,, make the microorganism and the NPK fertilizers of appropriate level mix the back mutually and coordinate to play a role simultaneously by microbial strains and humic acids and the effective compatibility of coherent element.
The invention provides a kind of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer.
Simultaneously, the present invention also provides a kind of manufacture method of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer.
Particularly, the invention provides a kind of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer production preparation process:
1, the preparation of activated humic acid: adopting the used activator of weathered coal is 1 part of Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3And/or NH 4HCO 3Be dissolved in the aqueous solution that makes in 10 parts of water.Activation temperature is 25 ℃-35 ℃, and stirring velocity is 200-500 rev/min.
2, microbial composite bacteria kind compatibility: adopt gel-shaped bacillus (Bacillus mucilaginosus), Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia subspecies (klebsiella pneumoniae subsp pneumonaiae) and three kinds of bacterium of Bacillus megatherium (Bacillus megaterium) to obtain tunning by fermentation, obtain with 1: 1: 1 hybrid combination of weight ratio.
3, outermost layer added 3-4% Paris white face powder after the biological bacteria material had wrapped up.
4, the weight of pressing the humic acids solid fertilizer is formed, and respectively nitrogenous source, carbon source and potassium source material and activated humic acid and trace element is placed stirred vessel, stirs 15-40 minute, and is made into the particle that granularity is 3.3-5.6mm through extrusion machine; Trace element is mainly derived from nitrogenous 12% urea, nitrogenous 18% diammonium phosphate etc., and according to the salt that concrete Application Areas selection is added, it totally is controlled at the 2-8% of weight percent.
5, according to humic acids solid granular fertilizer, biological germ fertilizer and trace element be: 2: (0.1-0.2): (0.05-0.1), be sent to the granulating disc granulation through conveying belt according to the weight ratio proportioning.
6, binding agent be by concentration be the sulfuric acid, water, bicarbonate of ammonia of 98-100% in 1: (5-10): 1 ratio is formulated by weight.Adopt potassium chloride solution as tackiness agent.Injection flow rate 4-8% water temperature is controlled at 30 ℃-40 ℃, and bake out temperature is controlled at 50 ℃-70 ℃, and moisture content of finished products is controlled at 10-15%, and bicarbonate of ammonia is used for this property processing weathered coal.
Simultaneously, the invention provides a kind of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and obtain by as above production preparation process, the product water content is less than 12.5%, and total viable count is greater than 2.6 * 10 7Individual/g total nutrient is not less than 13% organic matter and is not less than 20%.
A kind of grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer provided by the invention is to be main raw material with colliery waste weathered coal, mixes with the needed nutritive element composition of plant after peroxidation, activation treatment, adds microbial composite bacteria kind compatibility and forms; Humic acids has had water-solublely behind overactivation in the weathered coal, is easy to combine with other nutrition and makes it to have slow release effect, and can evenly spread to the strong point that soil is made better performance humic acid fertilizer in the layer; Trace element is taken from nitrogen, phosphorus, the higher chemical fertilizer of potassium content, the urea as nitrogenous 12%, diammonium phosphate of nitrogenous 18% etc.
The present invention selects a kind of composite bacteria direct fermentation, shorten zymotechnique flow process and time, and the product microbial cells that makes increases, promote activity and the nutritive element of soil microorganisms to discharge, quicken the decomposition and inversion of organic substance, be convenient to crop and absorb nutrition, the Multifucntional composite humic acid bio-fertilizer and the manufacture method thereof of increasing both production and income.
In this invention, bacterial classification is selected and can be obtained by market, three kinds of bacterial classifications that preferential selection invention people provides.The contriver has declared a patent of invention-" a kind of micro organism composite fertilizer of combined nitrogen fixing phosphorus disintegrating potassium disintegrating " (number of patent application is 200610084336.6) to Patent Office of State Intellectual Property Office, and involved combination azotobacter, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and the potassium solubilizing bacteria of this invention has been preserved in the international depositary institution of budapest treaty microorganism: China Microbial Culture Preservation Commission common micro-organisms center (CGMCC).Three strain bacterium are respectively, have the fixed nitrogen function Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia subspecies (klebsiella pneumoniae subsp pneumonaiae) CGMCC.No1642, have gel-shaped bacillus (Bacillus mucilaginosus) CGMCC.No1641 of potassium decomposing function and Bacillus megatherium (Bacillus megaterium) CGMCC.No1640 with phosphorus decomposing function, its culture presevation certificate provides original paper to Patent Office of State Intellectual Property Office, the invention provides the copy of former culture presevation certificate.
After a large amount of inoculations of above-mentioned three kinds of bacterial strains, three kinds of content of microorganisms in every gram association nitrogen fixation, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, the genus bacillus bacteria agent all are no less than 100,000,000.This three strains bacterium not only has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing function and short sickly presses down function, and has very strong resistance, adapts to containing on 5~7%Nacl substratum to grow, and pH value reaches at 9 o'clock and also can survive.Phosphorus bacteria and potassium bacterium 20 minutes, subzero 50 ℃, also can survive under the condition of 0.5% moisture content all at 80 ℃.Illustrate that anti-salt, high temperature resistant, drought resisting, adverse-resistant characteristic such as cold-resistant are extremely strong, can satisfy alternate coordinative role between bacterial classification heatproof of wanting required for the present invention and the bacterial classification, the characteristic of antagonism does not take place each other.
The present invention utilize the applicant in declaring patent to State Intellectual Property Office's preservation and submitted culture presevation proof to and the survival proof, because what submit to State Intellectual Property Office is original paper, so can not provide its corresponding material at this.
It is main raw material that the present invention adopts the natural matter weathered coal, the brown coal that contain humic acids, through peroxidation, activation treatment, mix with the elemental nitrogen phosphorus potassium and the trace element that need in the plant-growth again, and and then in fertilizer and soil in carry out chemical reaction (complexing, chelating, generation double salt etc.), make it to become and in soil, to dissolve dispersion, can give full play to the product of humic acids characteristics.
Weathered coal is a crop coal, it is the part that the coal seam midium or long term is exposed to ground surface, exposed coal is through the long oxidation of empty G﹠W, hydrolysis, make the variation of its Chemical Composition and physical structure generation matter, coal is in weathering, the proportion of carbon descends, and but forms a large amount of humic acidss, and metal ion such as Ca, Mg and Fe aluminium forms insoluble salt among the humic acids Chang Yushui; Weathered coal seldom utilizes because heat hangs down the Chang Zuowei refuse.
Active weathered coal (humic acid material) working method is:
With humic acids content is that the weathered coal (water content between 25-37% all can) of 50-75% (butt) was pulverized 40 orders, 60 orders, sieve the weathering coal dust; Dissolve the NH of weathered coal weight 12-20% with the water (adopting tap water to get final product) of weathered coal weight 60-100% 4HCO 3K with weathered coal weight 11-19% 2CO 3Or the Na of 15-26% 2CO 3Make solution and the weathering coal dust stirs in mixing machine, it is better under agitation to be warming up to 35 ℃ of-75 ℃ of insulation reaction 5-10 hour effects again), then (in moisture eliminator) below 100 ℃ dry (to water content be lower than at 24% o'clock and store and effect best), obtain containing the active weathered coal of potassium humate ammonium.
Activator of the present invention is selected NaOH well known in the art, KOH, Na for use 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, NH 4HCO 3And/or NH 4OH, described catalytic oxidant is hydrogen peroxide, SPC-D, antihypo and/or percarbonic acid hydrogen ammonium; Preferred active agent of the present invention is Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3And/or NH 4HCO 3, the drying temperature of activated humic acid preparation process is a normal temperature.
The preparation of humic acids solid fertilizer can be adopted ordinary method, promptly pressing the weight of humic acids solid fertilizer forms, respectively nitrogenous source, carbon source and potassium source material and activated humic acid and trace element are placed stirred vessel, stirred 15-40 minute, can obtain humic acids solid fertilizer pulvis, can be made into the particle that granularity is 3.3-5.6mm through extrusion machine.
Plain particles shape fertilizer does not have slow-release function, thereby utilization rate of fertilizer is lower, and people adopt technique for packing that granulated fertilizer is wrapped up with functional materials for this reason, makes new slow release fertilizer by secondary processing.
The present invention has selected the proportioning (weight ratio) of humic acids particulate state fertilizer, biological germ fertilizer and trace element to be: 2: (0.1-0.2): (0.05-0.1).
The used activator of weathered coal is 1 part of Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3And/or NH 4HCo 3Be dissolved in the aqueous solution that makes in 10 parts of water.
Binding agent be by concentration be the sulfuric acid, water, bicarbonate of ammonia of 98-100% in 1: (5-10): 1 ratio is formulated by weight.Also can adopt potassium chloride solution as glutinous (gluing) mixture.Injection flow rate 4-8% water temperature is controlled at 30 ℃-40 ℃, and bake out temperature is controlled at 50 ℃-70 ℃, and moisture content of finished products is controlled at 10-15%, and bicarbonate of ammonia is used for this property processing weathered coal.
The present invention selects the salt of trace elements such as containing boron, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium for use, and addition selects for use concrete different trace elements to constitute according to being suitable for different crops, and it totally is controlled at the 2-8% of weight percent.
The present invention relates to microorganism compound biological fertilizer; fully take into account the tolerance of microbial strains for trace elements such as boron, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium; those skilled in the art know; for the suitable microelement match of design not only for protection bacterial classification involved in the present invention, and for realizing that the technology of the present invention effect is significant.The optimization method of the present invention by adopting one-factor experiment and orthogonal test to match, utilize the pot experiment and the test of domestic various places of Different Crop, investigate the application effect of different proportionings and each major ingredient different content level, determine its best proportioning, finally determined the salt that contains trace elements such as boron, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium that can be used for producing.
The present invention is based on following principle and the technical scheme that designs:
Humic acids contains carboxyl, phenolic hydroxyl group, alcoholic extract hydroxyl group, hydroxyquinone, enol base, sulfonic group, amido, free quinonyl, semiquinone base, carboxyl, ester hydrogen base, methoxyl group isoreactivity group, the existence of these active genes, determined the acidity of humic acids, wetting ability, cationic exchange, complex ability and higher adsorptive power are so can play stabilization to the molecule or the ion of volatile easy loss.
On the one hand, it can make suddenly and can crumb structure form, and makes soil become the fertile soil of the suitable crop growth of ventilation, retaining, guarantor's fertilizer; Can strengthen the resiliency of soil, the improvement low productive soil; Can form more stable complex compound with urea, generate double salt with phosphate radical and calcium ion, the metal ion that needs with many crops in the soil generates inner complex, the crop alimentary element is played Chu Feng mend the effect of owing, thereby provide balanced nutritious to crop, also avoided simultaneously the loss of nutrient substance, its utilization ratio is improved greatly.On the other hand, he also will be got off by soil fixing and the difficult element that is absorbed by crop, reactivate by plant utilization as phosphorus; Humic acids itself also is a fertilizer, it has hormesis for plant root, can strengthen root development promotes liquid manure to absorb, strengthen the crop respiration, the humic acids of small molecular weight can directly be absorbed by plant, can improve the activity of plurality of enzymes in plant materials, enhance metabolism, improve crop quality, reduce the agricultural-food nitrate content, increase sugar part and Vitamin C content.The humic acid fertilizer plurality of advantages, making it inevitable fertilizer for replacing chemical becomes the main fertilizer variety of agriculture production green product from now on.
By implementing technical scheme of the present invention, realize content of the present invention, can reach following beneficial effect:
Employing has the natural weathered coal of higher humic acids content (HA content is more than 50%), use activator, Preparation of Catalyst to go out to activate humic acids, not only can effectively raise the humic acids activation rate, and the humic acids that has highly activated and the needed nutritive element of plant growth form chelating and binding substances, make it have slow certain controlled release ability of having immediate effect property again, significantly improved the assimilated efficiency and the utilization ratio of fertilizer, and the fertilizer efficiency height.
1, the quick-acting and micro-synergy of long-acting and common mineral manure with fertilizer is in the efficient organic fertilizer of one, reach can for fertile again can diseases prevention the effect in strong sprout.
2, prevented inorganic fertilizer to the hardening of soil, the microorganism ecological environment of protection crop growth helps the microbial growth breeding, to improve the specific absorption of chemical fertilizer.
3,, reduce the nutriment in a fertilizer loss, protection soil and water source because quick-acting and long lasting combination more helps regulating the soil nutrient demand.
4, can be used for the serial fertilizer of Different Crop different soils, volume increase improves the quality, and effect is remarkable.
5, the present invention considers influenced by the biological bacteria heatproof, adopts the normal temperature balling-up, oven drying at low temperature, and pulverize at low temperature had both guaranteed the activity of humic acids can meet the requirement of country to the fertilizer water content with moisture controlled at 10-15% again.
6, product particle smooth in appearance, epigranular, special-shaped granularity is less.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the technological process of production of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: the production of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer
The particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer adopts the method for following microbial composite bacteria production particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer as follows:
1, the preparation of activation humic acids:
With humic acids content is weathered coal (water content between the 25-37% all can) NaOH solution that evenly sprays into 15-30% per ton before stacking of 50-75% (butt), the seasoning reaction, effect is better more than 7 days, better effects if more than 15 days, pulverized 40 orders then, 60 order better effects if, sieve the weathering coal dust; Dissolve the NH of weathered coal weight 12-20% with the water (adopting tap water to get final product) of weathered coal weight 60-100% 4HCO 3K with weathered coal weight 11-19% 2CO 3Or the Na of 15-26% 2CO 3Make solution and the weathering coal dust stirs in mixing machine, it is better under agitation to be warming up to 35 ℃ of-75 ℃ of insulation reaction 5-10 hour effects again), then (in moisture eliminator) below 100 ℃ dry (to water content be lower than at 24% o'clock and store and effect best), obtain containing the active weathered coal of potassium humate ammonium.
The granularity of described weathered coal is more than 60 orders, and wherein humic acids content 50%; Activator is NaOH, KOH, Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, NH 4HCO 3And/or NH 4The described catalytic oxidant of OH is hydrogen peroxide, SPC-D, antihypo and/or percarbonic acid hydrogen ammonium; Preferred active agent of the present invention is Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, and/or NH 4HCO 3, the drying temperature of activated humic acid preparation process is a normal temperature.
The used activator of weathered coal is 1 part of Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, and/or NH 4HCO 3Be dissolved in the aqueous solution that makes in 10 parts of water.
Binding agent be by concentration be the sulfuric acid, water, bicarbonate of ammonia of 98-100% in 1: (3-5): 1 ratio is formulated by weight.Also can adopt potassium chloride solution as tackiness agent.Injection flow rate 4-8% water temperature is controlled at 30 ℃-40 ℃, and bake out temperature is controlled at 50 ℃-70 ℃, and moisture content of finished products is controlled at 10-15%, and bicarbonate of ammonia is used for this property processing weathered coal.
2, inoculating proportion mixes:
Form according to weight percent mixing in 1: 1: 1 by Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia subspecies (klebsiella pneumoniae subsppneumonaiae), gel-shaped bacillus (Bacillus mucilaginosus) and Bacillus megatherium (Bacillus megaterium).
Obtain tunning by fermentation by gel-shaped bacillus, Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia subspecies and three kinds of bacterium of Bacillus megatherium, mix at 1: 1: 1 with weight ratio, the biological bacteria material has wrapped up the back outermost layer and has added 1-2% Paris white face powder.
3, select the salt of trace elements such as containing boron, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium for use, addition selects for use concrete different trace elements to constitute according to being suitable for different crops, and it totally is controlled at the 2-8% of weight percent.
4, with the above-mentioned raw material mixing granulation that provides, drying and obtain: binding agent be by concentration be the sulfuric acid, water, bicarbonate of ammonia of 98-100% in 1: (5-10): 1 ratio is formulated by weight.Also can adopt potassium chloride solution as tackiness agent.Injection flow rate 4-8% water temperature is controlled at 30 ℃-40 ℃, and bake out temperature is controlled at 50 ℃-70 ℃, and moisture content of finished products is controlled at 10-15%, and bicarbonate of ammonia is used for this property processing weathered coal.
5, the proportioning according to humic acids solid granular fertilizer, biological germ fertilizer and trace element is by weight: 2: (0.1-0.2): (0.05-0.1), be sent to the granulating disc granulation through conveying belt.
Embodiment two: the preparation of activated humic acid raw material
With humic acids content is that the weathered coal of 50-75% (butt) was pulverized 60 order better effects if, sieve the weathering coal dust; The saltpetre that dissolves the Repone K of the bicarbonate of ammonia of weathered coal weight 12-20% and weathered coal weight 11-19% or 15-26% with the water of weathered coal weight 60-100% (adopting tap water get final product) makes solution and the weathering coal dust stirs in mixing machine, it is better under agitation to be warming up to 35 ℃ of-75 ℃ of insulation reaction 5-10 hour effects again), then (in moisture eliminator) below 100 ℃ dry (to water content be lower than at 24% o'clock and store and effect best), obtain containing the active weathered coal of potassium humate ammonium.
The granularity of described weathered coal is more than 60 orders, and wherein humic acids content 50%; Activator is NaOH, KOH, Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, NH 4HCO 3And/or NH 4The described catalytic oxidant of OH is hydrogen peroxide, SPC-D, antihypo and/or percarbonic acid hydrogen ammonium; When activator is Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, and/or NH 4HCO 3, the drying temperature of activated humic acid preparation process is a normal temperature.
Embodiment three: particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer control cotton spoting verticillium wilt
By the particulate application humic acid compound biological fertilizer, can prevent and treat plant pest effectively, the yellowtop that the treatment iron deficiency causes promotes fertilizer in the intravital transportation of plant, makes the absorption of fertilizer more abundant.According to Henan chemistry institute king book very, the experiment of Shandong agricultural college, adopt the novel particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer to irritate root, seed dressing, spray, control cotton yellows had unusual effect is arranged, irritate the root preventive effect with 500ml/ mu (2000 times) and reach 60-90%, reach 43-75% with the 25-150g/ mu FA preventive effect of dressing seed, execute preventive effect with 1500 times and reach 23-27%, the filling root is best.
Embodiment four: the particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer is prevented and treated ring rot of apple, canker and defoliation
Adopt the novel particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer, spray 2 times than imitating raising 50-80% single containing in the apple development middle and later periods with 700-800 times of Tuzet medicine, general diseased fruit rate can be controlled in below 5%, adopt that diseased fruit rate can reduce more than 50% in back 1 month, according to the experiment of Hebei agricultural university, the Sodium salts humic acids blade coating canker of apple fruit germ spot with 1.5%, prevention effect 97.8%, " the flat liquid of arsenic " preventive effect 94.1% commonly used is for well, and the scab healing is measured high about 1 times.
Embodiment five: particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer control Ipomoea batatas root rot and black spot
According to Zhengzhou City institute of agricultural sciences test, spray the seedbed and filling root when transplanting with the employing novel particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer of 200-300ppm, Ipomoea batatas root rot preventive effect 20-36%, the scab diameter reduces 90%; Black spot potato seedling field efficacy 36-65%.FA and thiophanate are used with, 5.8 times of sick index decreased, and stimulation ratio reaches 83%.
Embodiment six: the manure trial effect of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer on beet
One, test objective:
For inquiring into the effect of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer on beet, promoting for the land for growing field crops provides scientific basis, ad hoc upright this test.
Two, basic condition:
Test site in fertilizer plant of Wuning township power administration in front of the door, soil property is a high-fertilized water land piece during loam belongs to, irrigation condition is good, preceding crop is vegetables such as eggplant, Chinese cabbage, capsicum, execute the 50 kilograms of base fertilizer in 50% humic acid combined fertilizer (N-P-K 13-7-10) for every mu before cultivating, mu is executed 2 kilograms of ground worm grams simultaneously, with the control subterranean pest-insect.Beet does not have prevention and elimination of disease and pests in process of growth, water altogether 2 times.Plantation on March 21st, 2005, July 1 gathered in the crops.
Three, test is handled:
Two processing are established in test, and repetition is not established in 0.4 mu of every sub-district.
1, the seed dressing of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer is handled,
2, conventional cultivation (not dressing seed).
Handle 150 times of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizers of sprinkling once at the beet growing period.Contrast is not sprayed.
Four, test-results:
1, observes vegetative period.In the observation of beet growing period, the sub-district of handling, the beet growing way is obvious, and blade contrasts dark green, and growing height is not obvious; Rose June 15, the check plot begins to have the individual plant beet leaf withered and yellow, and gradually to whole strain withered death, and treatment zone does not have this phenomenon.To June 29, the check plot was large stretch of withered, but the treatment zone growing way is still good, and leaf dark green has indivedual strains to begin the blade flavescence.
2, survey product harvesting time.Take 5 samplings, gather 1 square metre at every and survey product, the results are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer is surveyed and is produced table as a result
As can be seen from Table 1, the beet of handling through seed dressing contrasts volume increase obviously, and mu increases 580 kilograms, and stimulation ratio reaches 24.5%.Test our thus and assert, the particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer be to not only can prolonging the breeding time of beet, and obvious effect of increasing production is arranged, and makes the peasant reach the purpose of increasing both production and income.
Embodiment seven: the manure trial effect of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer on cotton
The test of particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer on cotton is that the Shandong cotton is ground No. 22 for the examination cotton variety, emerges 127 days breeding times of this kind, and seedling stage, growing way was strong, and plant type is compact, colony's neat and consistent, and genetic stability is strong.The field permeability is good, and the bell shell is thin, and blow-of-cottons are smooth, and bell weighs 5.9 grams, ginning outturn 42.1%.Have bollworm resisting, anti-withered, multiple resistance such as anti-Huang withers, drought resisting, anti-(anti-) are saline and alkaline, resistant to lodging.The advantage that this kind is the most outstanding is comprehensive better.Yield potential is big, and later stage leaf function is strong, and leaf wadding posterior lobe comes off gently, still is not early ageing of green.
This test is established and is handled 666.7m 2, contrast 666.7m 2, do not establish repetition.Handle and use the particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer, the particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer is not used in contrast, and other aspects are identical with processing.Simultaneously with handle on the same day sowing on April 18th, 1, all mulch film cover-seedings.
April 28 was put seedling in the experimental plot, put seedling after, on the growth of cereal crop seedlings, treatment zone is emerged neatly, blade is luxuriant.The check plot is neat not as treatment zone, and blade is thin and weak.After emerging in cotton, putting seedling, in whole seedling stage, the cotton seedling growth differences of treatment zone and check plot is bigger, and the cotton seedling performance of treatment zone is good, and anti-disease is disease-resistant.The cotton seedling of check plot is then obviously vigorous not as the cotton seedling of treatment zone.Particular case sees Table 2:
The basic condition investigation of table 2 particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer cotton test field
The investigation date The investigation sub-district Investigation strain number Morbidity strain number Sickness rate (%) Dead strain number Dead strain rate (%)
Month Day
5 5 Handle 100 5 5 1 1
5 5 Handle 100 22 22 3 3
5 10 Handle 100 16 16 3 3
5 10 Contrast 100 36 36 6 6
5 15 Contrast 100 14 14 2 2
5 15 Contrast 100 23 23 5 5
As can be seen from the above table, in particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer cotton test, cotton in seedling stage is in the cotton seedling that uses the particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer, disease resistance strengthens greatly, by three investigation, using the cotton seedling sickness rate of handling is 11.7%, and mortality ratio is 2.3%, and the cotton seedling sickness rate of check plot is 27%, and mortality ratio is 4.7%.Contrast zoning cotton disease occurring degree and dead degree are respectively more than 2 times of occurring degree of treatment zone cotton.
After final singling, treatment zone is June 5 and July 10, and so far, the treatment zone processing finishes, and from then on treatment zone is identical with the check plot management, and cotton growing way then treatment zone more and more significantly is better than the check plot.Investigation result sees Table 3:
The basic condition investigation of table 3 particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer cotton test field
The investigation date The investigation sub-district Sub-district area (mu) Cell density (strain) The individual plant height (centimetre) Individual plant fruit branch (individual) Individual plant bell number (individual)
Month Day
10 15 Handle 1 3220 113 14 21
10 15 Contrast 1 3220 108 13 18
As can be seen from Table 3, under the identical condition of density, the cotton of treatment zone is significantly better than the check plot, and Zhu's height, treatment zone are compared according to going average plant height to increase by 5 centimetres, and the average fruit branch of individual plant is counted treatment zone than the check plot, and the individual plant fruit branch increases by 1.Average fruit branch bell number, treatment zone increases by 3 than the check plot.
The per mu yield of theoretical yield treatment zone is 398.95 kilograms, 341.96 kilograms of check plot per mu yields, and treatment zone increases by 56.99 kilograms than check plot per mu yield, and amount of increase in production is 16.7%, and economic benefit is very objective.
By evidence, the particle humic acid compound biological fertilizer is cheap, and is easy to use, and effect of increasing production is obvious, in Cotton Production, the value of popularization, use arranged very.

Claims (7)

1. grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer; it is characterized in that; by humic acids solid granular fertilizer, biological germ fertilizer and trace element be: 2: (0.1-0.2) according to the weight ratio proportioning: (0.05-0.1) compatibility, mix through conveying belt and be sent to granulating disc granulation acquisition.
2. grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacture method thereof is characterized in that,
(1), the preparation of activated humic acid: adopt used activator NaOH, KOH, the Na of weathered coal 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, NH 4HCO 3And/or NH 4The OH aqueous solution that makes soluble in water, activation temperature are 25 ℃-35 ℃, and stirring velocity is 200-500 rev/min;
(2), microbial composite bacteria kind compatibility: adopt and obtain tunning by fermentation, obtain with 1: 1: 1 hybrid combination of weight ratio by gel-shaped bacillus (Bacillus mucilaginosus), Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia subspecies (klebsiella pneumoniae subsp pneumonaiae) and three kinds of bacterium of Bacillus megatherium (Bacillus megaterium);
(3), the weight of pressing the humic acids solid fertilizer is formed; respectively nitrogenous source, carbon source and potassium source material and activated humic acid and trace element are placed stirred vessel; stirred 15-40 minute; injection flow rate 4-8%; water temperature is controlled at 30 ℃-40 ℃, and bake out temperature is controlled at 50 ℃-70 ℃, and moisture content of finished products is controlled at 10-15%; be sent to the granulating disc granulation through conveying belt, can obtain grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer.
3. the preparation of activated humic acid as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, binding agent adopt potassium chloride solution as tackiness agent be by concentration be the sulfuric acid, water, bicarbonate of ammonia of 98-100% in 1: (5-10): 1 ratio is formulated by weight.
4. trace element as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, preferably selects nitrogenous 12% urea of weight percent, nitrogenous 18% diammonium phosphate for use.
5. microbial composite bacteria kind compatibility as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the biological bacteria material has wrapped up the back outermost layer and added 3-4% Paris white face powder.
6. the activator of activated humic acid as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, activator is NaOH, KOH, Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3, NH 4HCO 3And/or NH 4OH.
7. the activator of activated humic acid as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, the used activator of weathered coal is 1 part of Na 2CO 3, K 2CO 3And/or NH 4HCO 3Be dissolved in the aqueous solution that makes in 10 parts of water.
CNA2007101385675A 2007-08-01 2007-08-01 Grain type humic acid compound biological fertilizer and manufacturing method therefor Pending CN101130465A (en)

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CN111606760A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-09-01 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Fertilizer composite film material and special slow/controlled release fertilizer for ratoon rice in southern red soil region
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CN102408257A (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-04-11 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Microelement-introducing weathered coal activating agent as well as activation method and application
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