CN107721658A - A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method - Google Patents

A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method Download PDF

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CN107721658A
CN107721658A CN201711196380.0A CN201711196380A CN107721658A CN 107721658 A CN107721658 A CN 107721658A CN 201711196380 A CN201711196380 A CN 201711196380A CN 107721658 A CN107721658 A CN 107721658A
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parts
fertilizer
conditioning agent
soil
water
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陈琼燕
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陈琼燕
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/90Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for affecting the nitrification of ammonium compounds or urea in the soil
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to a kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method, include the raw material of following parts by weight:50 60 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 20 25 parts of powdered carbon, 10 20 parts of tea seed cake, 57 parts of calcium superphosphate, 36 parts of ammonium chloride, 35 parts of microorganism fungus kind, 35 parts of carboxymethyl chitosan, 10 15 parts of 12 parts of potassium chloride, 0.4 0.6 parts of sodium citrate, 0.5 1 parts of polyacrylic acid potassium and medical stone powder.Raw material sources used in the present invention are wide, cost is low, producing obtained fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, improves the effect such as utilization rate of fertilizer, supplement nutrient element, and the fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent is added to being mixed with fertilizer in fertile masterbatch, the nutrient of obtained fertilizer is not only increased, and is applied to the content that increase soil with organic matter can be played in soil, improved soil physicochemical character, promote plant growth, improve crop yield and the effect of quality.

Description

A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to a kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method.
Background technology
With population increase and the decrease of cultivated land, and the improvement of people's living standards, it is desirable to which agricultural is continuously increased production
Amount and raising product quality, fertilizer occupy critical role in agricultural production.Fertilizer is to provide one or more kinds of plants Nutrient necessary to thing, improving soil property, horizontal a kind of material of increasing soil fertility, fertilizer can help plant growth, It is one of important capital goods in the agricultural sector, the scientifical use of fertilizer is the key for realizing an agriculture featuring high yields, fine quality and high efficiency, with society The development of meeting, the fertilizer type and brand sold on the market are extremely more, can be divided into inorganic fertilizer and organic fertilizer, species bag according to composition Include:Ammonium phosphate fertilizers, Macroelement water-soluble fertilizer, secondary nutrients, bio-feritlizer, organic fertilizer, multidimensional field energy are dense Contracting organic fertilizer.Crop field can be divided into using fertilizer, family expenses fertilizer, gardens fertilizer, chemical fertilizer, greening fertilizer etc. according to applicable object point, fertilizer leads to Soil often is directly used in, or is sprayed on blade.
The species of in the market fertilizer is various, and the development of planting industry be unable to do without fertilizer in agricultural production.Chemical fertilizer
Production and use, once fertilizer efficiency it is fast, improve crop yield and each side easy to use has played positive role.But It is long-term use of result, caused negative effect is more and more prominent the defects of it intrinsic.Such as:Decomposition rate is made soon Into utilization rate of fertilizer it is low;Catabolite is discharged for the pollution caused by air, water body;Cause soil hardening, give birth to crop Long ecological environment of soil is destroyed etc..At present, agriculturally generally existing chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is relatively low, fertilizer application amount is excessive Phenomenon, existing organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, the utilization rate of fertilizer is high, it is impossible to ensure crop yield, for soil water-retaining, Fertilizer-preserving ability is not strong, it is impossible to realizes that land used is combined with what is increased soil fertility, not only wastes substantial amounts of resource, while also easily cause ring Border pollution problem and the deterioration of tillage condition.And with the highdensity cultivation of the long-time in arable land in agricultural production, and It is irrational irrigate, can easily cause soil horizon to shoal, pest and disease damage takes place frequently, soil with organic matter content decline the problems such as.Therefore, A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent is added in fertilizer, utilization rate, the supplement nutrient element of fertilizer is being improved, is promoting plant growth Enable fertilizer to play good improving effect to soil after application simultaneously, be a problem for being worth research.Use chemical fertilizer Synergist can improve the utilization rate of chemical fertilizer to a certain extent, and then reduce because the environment that chemical fertilizer utilization ratio low strap comes is asked Topic.In terms of the fertilizer synergist that fertilizer is added, the document for retrieving correlation is as follows:
1st, Chinese patent, application number:201310598589.5 denomination of invention:Fertilizer synergist and its application, applicant:Chengdu New Chaoyang crop science Co., Ltd, address:Sichuan Province Chengdu Pujiang County Heshan town industry five tunnel 35, summary:The present invention It is related to fertilizer synergist and its application, belongs to fertilizer field.The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of efficient, peace Entirely, inexpensive fertilizer synergist.Fertilizer synergistic of the present invention
Agent, its active component is by the polymeric amino acid of 1~10 parts by weight and the nitrification inhibitor group of 0.5~2 parts by weight Into;Wherein, the nitrification inhibitor is the compound for having to nitrobacteria, denitrification enzyme in soil inhibitory action.Further , the preparation method and application of fertilizer synergistic are also disclosed in the present invention.Polymerization in fertilizer synergist active component of the present invention Amino acid is the high-molecular biologic polymer of amino acid, easily biological-degradable, to soil and Environmental security, has efficient, safety, valency The advantages of honest and clean.
2nd, Chinese patent, application number:201410564344.5 denomination of invention:A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its preparation Method, applicant:Liaoning Zhongke Biological Engineering Co., Ltd., address:Liaoning Province Benxi economic development zone Bio-pharmaceutical Industry Garden, summary:The present invention relates to fertilizer synergistic technology, more specifically a kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its preparation.Solid formulation Type Synergistic additives raw materials by weight meter, polyglutamic acid zymotic fluid 55-93.5%, thiocarbamide 0.5-3%, normal-butyl sulphur For phosphoric triamide 0.5-9%, dicyandiamide 5-30%, diatomite 48-91%;Or, liquid dosage form Synergistic additives raw material is by weight Measure percentages, polyglutamic acid zymotic fluid 55-93.5%, thiocarbamide 0.5-3%, normal-butyl thiophosphoryl triamine 0.5-9%, Dicyandiamide 5-30%, emulsifying agent 0.5-3%;Wherein, zymotic fluid 3-10% containing polyglutamic acid, emulsifying agent are Sorbitan alcohol ester Fat acid.The fertilizer synergist of the present invention, which has, improves fertilizer nutrient valid density, extends fertilizer efficiency period, promotes crop pair
The effect of the absorption and operating of nutrient, long-acting slow-release fertilizer nutrient can be overcome to discharge the problem of insufficient early stage, and ensured Later stage not de- fertilizer, the fertilizer nutrient term of validity realized the long-acting and efficient utilization of fertilizer nutrient up to 120 days.
3rd, Chinese patent, application number:201511031004.7 denomination of invention:A kind of fertilizer synergist and preparation method thereof And application, applicant:Batian Ecological Engineering Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, address:Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province Nanshan District new and high technology Garden Yue Xing two No. 10 7 buildings, 8 buildings, summary:The present invention be applied to fertilizer field, there is provided a kind of fertilizer synergist and its Preparation method and application.Counted using the gross weight of the fertilizer synergist as 100%, by the following component of following weight percentage Composition:Activated carbon 80-90%;Inorganic salt of rare earth 10-20%.The preparation method of the fertilizer synergist comprises the following steps: Absorbent charcoal material pulverize and sieve processing, obtains activated carbon;Formula according to the fertilizer synergist weighs each component; By the activated carbon
Mixed processing is carried out with inorganic salt of rare earth.
Although the fertilizer synergist being previously mentioned in above three document can improve the utilization of fertilizer to a certain extent Rate, but it is little to environmental protection and reclamation result, it is difficult to realize that land used is combined with what is increased soil fertility, therefore, in fertilizer A kind of fertilizer synergist is added, utilization rate, the supplement nutrient element of fertilizer is being improved, is increasing effective fertilizer composition, promote crop Enable fertilizer to play good improving effect to soil after application while growth, be that people are expected.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method, fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent tool There are fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, improve the slow release effect of fertilizer, improve the effect such as utilization rate of fertilizer, supplement nutrient element, and make It is added to the fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent with the fertilizer being mixed to prepare in fertile masterbatch, being applied in soil can play in increase soil The content of organic matter, improved soil physicochemical character, promote plant growth, strengthen drought-enduring crop, cold-resistant and resistant to diseases and insects, raising Crop yield and the effect of quality.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
Activated humic acid powder 50-60 parts, biological powdered carbon 20-25 parts, tea seed cake 10-20 parts, calcium superphosphate 5-7 parts, ammonium chloride 3-6 Part, microorganism fungus kind 3-5 parts, carboxymethyl chitosan 3-5 parts, potassium chloride 1-2 parts, sodium citrate 0.4-0.6 parts, polyacrylic acid potassium 0.5-1 parts and medical stone powder 10-15 parts;
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is:By peat soil or weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 weight Peat soil or weathered coal and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are first well mixed, so by amount than taking peat soil or weathered coal, ammonium hydrogen carbonate and water standby Afterwards plus water stirs, and by resulting material plastic cloth good seal, curing 6-7 days is placed under normal temperature, is crushed after drying To activated humic acid powder.
Above-mentioned fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, the preparation method of the biological powdered carbon are:By the stalk that water content is 10-30% It is transferred in retort, deoxygenation processing 80-100min is dehydrated at 100~150 DEG C;By the stalk after dehydration deoxygenation in 650 DEG C of height The lower charing 90min of temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can obtain biological powdered carbon.
Above-mentioned fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, described microorganism fungus kind are that bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering are pressed The content specification of the microorganism fungus kind that any part by weight is mixed to get, bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is all every Gram 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
Described fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by microorganism fungus kind, calcium superphosphate, ammonium chloride and potassium chloride It is mixed evenly, compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.5 weight ratio is diluted with water, and obtains mixed material A;
(2)Mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, tea seed cake and medical stone powder are mixed evenly, moisture control Being grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, water deficient then suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 15 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 10~20% to dry to material wet weight, and carboxylic is then added in material Methyl chitosan, sodium citrate and polyacrylic acid potassium are well mixed, and material is crushed, and it is 50~100 mesh to make its mesh number, is obtained To fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent.
The present invention obtained fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of production is added to being mixed in fertile masterbatch with fertile masterbatch by addition After prepare fertilizer or be directly appended in fertilizer mix after apply, according to different crops and fertilizing time, its addition is 5~15% with fertile masterbatch or fertilizer amount gross weight.
In microorganism used therefor strain of the present invention, bacillus subtilis, be Bacillus one kind, individual cells 0.7~ 0.8 × 2~3 microns, uniform coloring;Without pod membrane, peritrichous, can move, Latin is entitledBacillus subtilis.Withered grass Bacillus has the characteristics that breeding is quick, vitality is strong, safe and non-toxic, bacillus subtilis available protein, a variety of sugar And starch, tryptophan is decomposed, a variety of organic acids of synthesis, enzyme, physiological activator etc. can be secreted.Bacillus subtilis is not only to having Machine material has a powerful decomposed effect, promotes organic materials mineralization and humification:Material by mineralization, nutrient by invalid state and Slow state is changed into available state and quick-acting states, by humification, produces a large amount of humic acid, stimulates plant growth;And fermenting A large amount of function bacteriums are also bred in journey and produce a variety of special efficacy metabolites, so as to stimulate crop growth, crop is improved and resists Disease, drought resisting, cold tolerance, function bacterium enter soil after, can fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, increase soil nutrient, improved soil knot Structure, improve chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.
Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering(Bacillus mucilaginosus)B. mucilaginocus is commonly called as, is one kind soil common in farmland Earth bacterium, the bacterium have the function of phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, can increase the content of soil quick-effective phosphor and available potassium.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering The flourish in soil, the metabolites such as organic acid, capsular polysaccharide can be produced, destroy lattice structure, the indissoluble of alumino-silicate Property phosphorus compound etc., decomposition discharges micro- in solvable phosphorus potassium element and calcium, sulphur, magnesium, iron, zinc, molybdenum, manganese etc., both increases Enter soil fertility, provide the absorbable nutrient utilized again for crop, chemical fertilizer utilization ratio significantly improves, while produces red The physiological activators such as mycin, cytokinin, microbial enzyme, bacterial polysaccharides, promote crop nutrient absorption and growth metabolism.Glue Freeze sample bacillus has obvious effect of increasing production on a variety of soil and crop.After bacillusmusilaginosiengineering bacterium powder is manured into soil, The beneficial microbe and organic matter in soil are added, profitable strain is formed in crop root, effectively suppresses soil and is harmful to and causes The breeding of sick microorganism, the generation of a variety of soil-borne diseases is substantially reduced, such as the powdery mildew of wheat, cotton seedling blight, yellow droop Deng.So as to reduce the use of part agricultural chemicals, mitigate pollution by pesticides.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, suppression Harmful levels of pathogens is killed, soil harmful substance is decomposed, reduces heavy metal activity, improve agricultural product quality, improve crop anti-adversity, promote Enter the effect such as plant growth.
Raw material activated humic acid powder used obtains after peat soil or weathered coal are carried out into activation modification in the present invention, Humic acid(Humic acid, HA)Refer to biology(Mainly plant)Remains pass through microorganism decomposition and nodularization in a series Process and the organic substance present invention that is formed carries out activation modification using peat soil or weathered coal as raw material, humic acid is dissociated Out, form existing for humic acid is changed, and can make to be difficult to reference state humic acid and the part trip directly absorbed by crop Amorph humic acid is converted into fulvo acid, improves the content of fulvo acid.Aromatic proton in activated humic acid powder, The acidic functionalities such as hydroxyl, carboxyl can produce reaction with nitrogen, form very stable new ion cluster, be also complex compound, RT of these complex compounds in soil is long, gradually decomposes release nitrogen, allows plant to absorb at leisure.It is active rotten The acidic functionality energy such as aromatic proton, hydroxyl, carboxyl in phytic acid powder and P elements reaction, become titanium pigment, add The activity of P elements, is easily absorbed by plants, and the functional group in humic acid can also absorb storage potassium ion, can both prevent potassium from Son outflows with water in sandy soil, can prevent the potassium fixation of clayed soil again.Hydroxyl, carboxyl in activated humic acid are easily and soil In cation occur cohesion, reaction and complexing, absorption and exchange interaction, the calcium ion interaction shape in humic acid and soil Into the gelinite of flocculent deposit, it can make soil particle be changed into the small reservoir of retain water and nutrients one by one soil cementation together And fertilizer storehouse, interstices of soil is added, so as to improve soil water-retaining, fertilizer-preserving ability.And humic acid inherently contains plant Elemental carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen needed for growth etc., while it can improve the utilization rate of nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer again, the present invention will be active rotten Phytic acid powder is used for preparing fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and being then added in fertilizer that fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing can be played, and improves fertilizer profit With rate, the effect such as supplement nutrient element, reduce loss of the fertilizer in soil, the release of nutrient in fertilizer is controlled, so as to reach To the effect for improving agricultural product quality, promoting increasing crop yield.
Medical stone powder is the powder product of medical stone, is to be crushed by screening by medical stone raw ore, be classified the powder being process End.Medical stone is a kind of natural silicate mineral, scientific name:Quartz monzonite.Medical stone has adsorptivity, dissolubility, regulation Property, bioactivity and mineralising etc..It can adsorb the metal ion to dissociate in water.Medical stone has certain suction-operated, wheat Meal stone has certain detergent power to some viruses and harmful microorganism and heavy metal element, organic substance.Medical stone can Stabilize and increase, the physics function of balanced soil, can reduce the use of chemical fertilizer, soil conditioner using medical stone, and can be through Ji, effectively improve soil property, environmental protection.With medical stone directly as fertilizer, the leachable of medical stone it is most of can directly or Ask that ground connection participates in photosynthesis, increase crop green areas, leaf-area coefficient increase, the life of crops, flower, fruit can be accelerated It is long, improve the quality of crop.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, the microorganism fungus kind that the present invention uses is bacillus subtilis and the Mixed Microbes of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, by microbial bacteria Kind pile fermentation, microorganism fungus kind together with other raw materials such as activated humic acid powder and medical stone powder not only have by force to organic materials Big decomposed effect, promotes organic materials mineralization and humification, and also breeding is big during the fermentation such as bacillus subtilis Amount function bacterium simultaneously produces a variety of special efficacy metabolites, so as to stimulate crop growth, improves crop disease-resistant, drought resisting, cold-resistant Ability;Contain these microorganism fungus kinds in obtained solid fertilizer synergistic regulator after everfermentation, with solid fertilizer synergy Conditioning agent is added to be then applied to soil in fertilizer after, mutual symbiosis Relationship With Proliferation can be formed with Soil Microorganism, Suppress harmful bacteria growing, these microorganism fungus kinds produce substantial amounts of metabolite during growth and breeding, can promote organic matter Decomposition and inversion, directly or indirectly can provide a variety of nutrition and pungent for crop, promote and regulation and control plant growth, these Microorganism fungus kind can also play improvement soil granular structure after entering soil, improve soil water storage, accumulation of energy and ground temperature, alleviate continuous cropping The effect of obstacle.
2nd, fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent produced by the invention employs activated humic acid powder as one of raw material, will be through making a living Change modified obtained activated humic acid powder to be used for after fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent is prepared, the fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent has solid The effect such as nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, supplement nutrient element.It is added to using the fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of the present invention with mixed in fertile masterbatch Fertilizer made from conjunction, after incorporation of fertilizerin the soil, moreover it is possible to improve the content of soil with organic matter, make that soil texture is loose, plays and changes The effect of kind soil physical property, makes soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation and not contaminated soil environment.
3rd, biological powdered carbon used in the present invention, has porous property, can adsorb the aluminium ion in soil, and H+, Acid ion, it can directly neutralize acid or alleviation acidification trend.Apply, can reduce after biological powdered carbon is added in fertilizer The soil weight, retention capacity of soil is improved, strengthen the aeration of soil, suitable procreation field is provided for soil beneficial microbe Institute.Biomass carbon is used in mixed way with organic fertilizer, can promote organic matter decomposition, is strengthened soil supplying nutrient capability, is combined with chemical fertilizer and apply With nitrogen and phosphorus loss can be reduced, the utilization rate of fertilizer is improved.
4th, the raw material used in fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent produced by the invention contains microorganism fungus kind, active humic acid
The composition component such as powder and biological powdered carbon, raw material sources are wide, cost is low, and the fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent nutrition for producing to obtain is rich Richness, match somebody with somebody obtained fertilizer in fertile masterbatch for being added to, there is fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, improve the slow release effect of fertilizer, improve The effect such as utilization rate of fertilizer, supplement nutrient element, and mix after-applied arrive with fertile masterbatch using the fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent The content of increase soil with organic matter can be played in soil, improves water conservation, the fertilizer-preserving ability of soil, improved soil physicochemical character, Promote plant growth, strengthen drought-enduring crop, tolerance to cold, improve crop yield and the effect of quality.What the present invention was prepared Fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent can not only increase the nutrient of fertilizer, improve the utilization rate of fertilizer and can also play a part of improved soil.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
50 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 20 parts of powdered carbon, 10 parts of tea seed cake, 5 parts of calcium superphosphate, 3 parts of ammonium chloride, microorganism fungus kind 3 10 parts of part, 3 parts of carboxymethyl chitosan, 1 part of potassium chloride, 0.4 part of sodium citrate, 0.5 part of polyacrylic acid potassium and medical stone powder;It is described The microorganism fungus kind that is mixed to get for bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering by any part by weight of microorganism fungus kind, The content specification of bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is all every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium;
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is:By peat soil or weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 weight Peat soil and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are first well mixed than taking peat soil, ammonium hydrogen carbonate and water standby by amount, then add water to stir, By resulting material plastic cloth good seal, curing 6 days is placed under normal temperature, crushes obtain activated humic acid powder after drying;
The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is:The stalk that water content is 10% is transferred in retort, the row of dehydration at 100 DEG C Oxygen handles 100min;Stalk after dehydration deoxygenation is carbonized into 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, made Its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can obtain biological powdered carbon.
Described fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by microorganism fungus kind, calcium superphosphate, ammonium chloride and potassium chloride It is mixed evenly, compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.5 weight ratio is diluted with water, and obtains mixed material A;
(2)Mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, tea seed cake and medical stone powder are mixed evenly, moisture control Being grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, water deficient then suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 15 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 10% to dry to material wet weight, and carboxymethyl is then added in material Chitosan, sodium citrate and polyacrylic acid potassium are well mixed, and material is crushed, and it is 50 mesh to make its mesh number, obtain fertilizer increasing Imitate conditioning agent.
Embodiment 2
A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
55 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 23 parts of powdered carbon, 16 parts of tea seed cake, 6 parts of calcium superphosphate, 5 parts of ammonium chloride, microorganism fungus kind 4 12 parts of part, 4 parts of carboxymethyl chitosan, 1.5 parts of potassium chloride, 0.5 part of sodium citrate, 0.8 part of polyacrylic acid potassium and medical stone powder;Institute The microbial bacteria that the microorganism fungus kind stated is bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is mixed to get by any part by weight Kind, the content specification of bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is all every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium;
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is:By weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 weight ratio takes wind It is standby to change coal, ammonium hydrogen carbonate and water, is first well mixed weathered coal and ammonium hydrogen carbonate, then plus water stirs, by gains Material uses plastic cloth good seal, and curing 7 days is placed under normal temperature, crushes obtain activated humic acid powder after drying;
The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is:The stalk that water content is 20% is transferred in retort, the row of dehydration at 120 DEG C Oxygen handles 93min;Stalk after dehydration deoxygenation is carbonized into 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, made Its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can obtain biological powdered carbon.
Described fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by microorganism fungus kind, calcium superphosphate, ammonium chloride and potassium chloride It is mixed evenly, compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.5 weight ratio is diluted with water, and obtains mixed material A;
(2)Mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, tea seed cake and medical stone powder are mixed evenly, moisture control Being grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, water deficient then suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 15 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 18% to dry to material wet weight, and carboxymethyl is then added in material Chitosan, sodium citrate and polyacrylic acid potassium are well mixed, and material is crushed, and it is 70 mesh to make its mesh number, obtain fertilizer increasing Imitate conditioning agent.
Embodiment 3
A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
60 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 25 parts of powdered carbon, 20 parts of tea seed cake, 7 parts of calcium superphosphate, 6 parts of ammonium chloride, microorganism fungus kind 5 15 parts of part, 5 parts of carboxymethyl chitosan, 2 parts of potassium chloride, 0.6 part of sodium citrate, 1 part of polyacrylic acid potassium and medical stone powder;Described The microorganism fungus kind that microorganism fungus kind is bacillus subtilis and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is mixed to get by any part by weight, it is withered The content specification of careless bacillus and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is all every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium;
1 kind of the preparation method of described activated humic acid powder and embodiment it is consistent;The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is:Will The stalk that water content is 30% is transferred in retort, and deoxygenation processing 80min is dehydrated at 150 DEG C;By the stalk after dehydration deoxygenation 90min is carbonized under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can obtain charcoal Powder.
Described fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by microorganism fungus kind, calcium superphosphate, ammonium chloride and potassium chloride It is mixed evenly, compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.5 weight ratio is diluted with water, and obtains mixed material A;
(2)Mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, tea seed cake and medical stone powder are mixed evenly, moisture control Being grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, water deficient then suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 15 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 20% to dry to material wet weight, and carboxymethyl is then added in material Chitosan, sodium citrate and polyacrylic acid potassium are well mixed, and material is crushed, and it is 100 mesh to make its mesh number, obtain fertilizer increasing Imitate conditioning agent.
Application effect
To further illustrate the advantages of present invention produces obtained fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, inventor is obtained using present invention production Fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent tested in Nanning Heng County, the fertilizer after fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of the present invention will be with the addition of The fertilizer for expecting and being not added with fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of the present invention has carried out Contrast on effect, and the experiment knot such as effect of increasing production to banana Fruit is counted.
Test situation is as follows:
1st, kind:Taiwan north any of several broadleaf plants;
2nd, test process:
1. conventional banana use fertilizer-use 10-10-10 composite fertilizers, every mu of base manure applies 15kg, and 5kg, processing 3 are applied in every mu of top dressing Mu;
2. handle the fertilizer for producing to obtain in the embodiment of the present invention 1 of the 1- using 10-10-10 composite fertilizers+composite fertilizer's gross weight 10% The fertilizer that material synergistic regulator is mixed to get, every mu of base manure apply 15kg, and 5kg is applied in every mu of top dressing, handles 3 mu;
3. handle the fertilizer for producing to obtain in the embodiment of the present invention 2 of the 1- using 10-10-10 composite fertilizers+composite fertilizer's gross weight 10% The fertilizer that synergistic regulator is mixed to get, every mu of base manure apply 15kg, and 5kg is applied in every mu of top dressing, handles 3 mu;
4. handle the fertilizer for producing to obtain in the embodiment of the present invention 3 of the 1- using 10-10-10 composite fertilizers+composite fertilizer's gross weight 10% The fertilizer that synergistic regulator is mixed to get, every mu of base manure apply 15kg, and 5kg is applied in every mu of top dressing, handles 3 mu;
3rd, fertilizing method:Cave is opened between the banana of two plants of the side of banana row, acupoint depth is 15 centimetres, cave ditch rotation of applying fertilizer every time;
4th, result of the test:
(1) the fertilizer after with the addition of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of the present invention is applied with being not added with the normal of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of the present invention Influence of the rule fertilizer to the yield of banana is as shown in table 1 below:
It was found from upper table 1, compared to conventional use of fertilizer, using with the addition of the fertilizer energy after fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent of the present invention The yield of banana is greatly improved, effect of increasing production is obvious, remarkable in economical benefits.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:
Activated humic acid powder 50-60 parts, biological powdered carbon 20-25 parts, tea seed cake 10-20 parts, calcium superphosphate 5-7 parts, ammonium chloride 3-6 Part, microorganism fungus kind 3-5 parts, carboxymethyl chitosan 3-5 parts, potassium chloride 1-2 parts, sodium citrate 0.4-0.6 parts, polyacrylic acid potassium 0.5-1 parts and medical stone powder 10-15 parts;
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is:By peat soil or weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 weight Peat soil or weathered coal and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are first well mixed, so by amount than taking peat soil or weathered coal, ammonium hydrogen carbonate and water standby Afterwards plus water stirs, and by resulting material plastic cloth good seal, curing 6-7 days is placed under normal temperature, is crushed after drying To activated humic acid powder.
2. fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is will Water content is that 10-30% stalk is transferred in retort, and deoxygenation processing 80-100min is dehydrated at 100~150 DEG C;Will dehydration Stalk after deoxygenation carbonizes 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, i.e., It can obtain biological powdered carbon.
3. fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described microorganism fungus kind is withered grass gemma The microorganism fungus kind that bacillus and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering are mixed to get by any part by weight, bacillus subtilis and gel-shaped bud The content specification of spore bacillus is all every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
4. fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that its production method step is as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by microorganism fungus kind, calcium superphosphate, ammonium chloride and potassium chloride It is mixed evenly, compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.5 weight ratio is diluted with water, and obtains mixed material A;
(2)Mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, tea seed cake and medical stone powder are mixed evenly, moisture control Being grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, water deficient then suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 15 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 10~20% to dry to material wet weight, and carboxylic is then added in material Methyl chitosan, sodium citrate and polyacrylic acid potassium are well mixed, and material is crushed, and it is 50~100 mesh to make its mesh number, is obtained To fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent.
CN201711196380.0A 2017-11-25 2017-11-25 A kind of fertilizer synergistic conditioning agent and its production method Pending CN107721658A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108513991A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-09-11 赵建平 The preparation method of one plant growth regulators
CN110066662A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-30 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 A kind of functional form soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN110256163A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-09-20 甘肃绿能农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of basic soil regulator for improveing acidified soil
CN111500294A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-07 山东根力多农业发展有限公司 Biological soil conditioner and preparation method thereof

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US6372007B1 (en) * 1999-01-29 2002-04-16 Rafael Munoz Organic compost
CN101781149A (en) * 2010-02-08 2010-07-21 张钧 Bio-organic compound fertilizer
CN104072304A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-01 时科生物科技(上海)有限公司 Bamboo charcoal compound microbial fertilizer and production method thereof
CN105969399A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-09-28 广西美耕生物科技有限公司 Organic soil activating agent and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6372007B1 (en) * 1999-01-29 2002-04-16 Rafael Munoz Organic compost
CN101781149A (en) * 2010-02-08 2010-07-21 张钧 Bio-organic compound fertilizer
CN104072304A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-01 时科生物科技(上海)有限公司 Bamboo charcoal compound microbial fertilizer and production method thereof
CN105969399A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-09-28 广西美耕生物科技有限公司 Organic soil activating agent and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108513991A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-09-11 赵建平 The preparation method of one plant growth regulators
CN110066662A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-07-30 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 A kind of functional form soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN110066662B (en) * 2019-06-03 2021-04-09 史丹利农业集团股份有限公司 Functional soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN110256163A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-09-20 甘肃绿能农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of basic soil regulator for improveing acidified soil
CN111500294A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-07 山东根力多农业发展有限公司 Biological soil conditioner and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20180223