CN107721656A - A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method - Google Patents

A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107721656A
CN107721656A CN201711196340.6A CN201711196340A CN107721656A CN 107721656 A CN107721656 A CN 107721656A CN 201711196340 A CN201711196340 A CN 201711196340A CN 107721656 A CN107721656 A CN 107721656A
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parts
fertilizer
synergistic additive
water
fertilizer synergistic
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吴峰
潘国长
黄志君
韦玉全
王远能
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Hengxian Agricultural Technology Extension Station
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Hengxian Agricultural Technology Extension Station
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/90Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity for affecting the nitrification of ammonium compounds or urea in the soil
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to a kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method, include the raw material of following parts by weight:50 60 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 15 20 parts of powdered carbon, 10 15 parts of decomposed cow dung;0.5 0.8 parts of trace element;12 16 parts of MAP;5 10 parts of potassium sulfate;20 25 parts of 24 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, 10 15 parts of paulownia bran, 58 parts of alcohol effluent dry powder and diatomite.Raw material sources used in the present invention are wide, and cost is low, and the fertilizer synergistic additive agent has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, raising utilization rate of fertilizer, supplement nutrient element, improved soil physicochemical character, promote plant growth, strengthen drought-enduring crop, tolerance to cold and improve crop yield and the effect of quality.

Description

A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to a kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method.
Background technology
With population increase and the decrease of cultivated land, and the improvement of people's living standards, it is desirable to which agricultural is continuously increased production
Amount and raising product quality, fertilizer occupy critical role in agricultural production.Fertilizer is to provide one or more kinds of plants Nutrient necessary to thing, improving soil property, horizontal a kind of material of increasing soil fertility, fertilizer can help plant growth, It is one of important capital goods in the agricultural sector, the scientifical use of fertilizer is the key for realizing an agriculture featuring high yields, fine quality and high efficiency, with society The development of meeting, the fertilizer type and brand sold on the market are extremely more, can be divided into inorganic fertilizer and organic fertilizer, species bag according to composition Include:Ammonium phosphate fertilizers, Macroelement water-soluble fertilizer, secondary nutrients, bio-feritlizer, organic fertilizer, multidimensional field energy are dense Contracting organic fertilizer.Crop field can be divided into using fertilizer, family expenses fertilizer, gardens fertilizer, chemical fertilizer, greening fertilizer etc. according to applicable object point, fertilizer leads to Soil often is directly used in, or is sprayed on blade.
The species of in the market fertilizer is various, and the development of planting industry be unable to do without fertilizer in agricultural production.Chemical fertilizer
Production and use, once fertilizer efficiency it is fast, improve crop yield and each side easy to use has played positive role.But It is long-term use of result, caused negative effect is more and more prominent the defects of it intrinsic.Such as:Decomposition rate is made soon Into utilization rate of fertilizer it is low;Catabolite is discharged for the pollution caused by air, water body;Cause soil hardening, give birth to crop Long ecological environment of soil is destroyed etc..At present, agriculturally generally existing chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is relatively low, fertilizer application amount is excessive Phenomenon, existing organic fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, the utilization rate of fertilizer is high, it is impossible to ensure crop yield, for soil water-retaining, Fertilizer-preserving ability is not strong, it is impossible to realizes that land used is combined with what is increased soil fertility, not only wastes substantial amounts of resource, while also easily cause ring Border pollution problem and the deterioration of tillage condition.And with the highdensity cultivation of the long-time in arable land in agricultural production, and It is irrational irrigate, can easily cause soil horizon to shoal, pest and disease damage takes place frequently, soil with organic matter content decline the problems such as.Therefore, A kind of fertilizer synergist is added in fertilizer, utilization rate, the supplement nutrient element of fertilizer are being improved, while promoting plant growth Enable fertilizer to play good improving effect to soil after application, be a problem for being worth research.Use chemical fertilizer potentiating Agent can improve the utilization rate of chemical fertilizer to a certain extent, and then reduce the environmental problem come due to chemical fertilizer utilization ratio low strap. In terms of the fertilizer synergist that fertilizer is added, the document for retrieving correlation is as follows:
1st, Chinese patent, application number:201310598589.5 denomination of invention:Fertilizer synergist and its application, applicant:Chengdu New Chaoyang crop science Co., Ltd, address:Sichuan Province Chengdu Pujiang County Heshan town industry five tunnel 35, summary:The present invention It is related to fertilizer synergist and its application, belongs to fertilizer field.The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of efficient, peace Entirely, inexpensive fertilizer synergist.Fertilizer synergistic of the present invention
Agent, its active component is by the polymeric amino acid of 1~10 parts by weight and the nitrification inhibitor group of 0.5~2 parts by weight Into;Wherein, the nitrification inhibitor is the compound for having to nitrobacteria, denitrification enzyme in soil inhibitory action.Further , the preparation method and application of fertilizer synergistic are also disclosed in the present invention.Polymerization in fertilizer synergist active component of the present invention Amino acid is the high-molecular biologic polymer of amino acid, easily biological-degradable, to soil and Environmental security, has efficient, safety, valency The advantages of honest and clean.
2nd, Chinese patent, application number:201410564344.5 denomination of invention:A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its preparation Method, applicant:Liaoning Zhongke Biological Engineering Co., Ltd., address:Liaoning Province Benxi economic development zone Bio-pharmaceutical Industry Garden, summary:The present invention relates to fertilizer synergistic technology, more specifically a kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its preparation.Solid formulation Type Synergistic additives raw materials by weight meter, polyglutamic acid zymotic fluid 55-93.5%, thiocarbamide 0.5-3%, normal-butyl sulphur For phosphoric triamide 0.5-9%, dicyandiamide 5-30%, diatomite 48-91%;Or, liquid dosage form Synergistic additives raw material is by weight Measure percentages, polyglutamic acid zymotic fluid 55-93.5%, thiocarbamide 0.5-3%, normal-butyl thiophosphoryl triamine 0.5-9%, Dicyandiamide 5-30%, emulsifying agent 0.5-3%;Wherein, zymotic fluid 3-10% containing polyglutamic acid, emulsifying agent are Sorbitan alcohol ester Fat acid.The fertilizer synergist of the present invention, which has, improves fertilizer nutrient valid density, extends fertilizer efficiency period, promotes crop pair
The effect of the absorption and operating of nutrient, long-acting slow-release fertilizer nutrient can be overcome to discharge the problem of insufficient early stage, and ensured Later stage not de- fertilizer, the fertilizer nutrient term of validity realized the long-acting and efficient utilization of fertilizer nutrient up to 120 days.
3rd, Chinese patent, application number:201511031004.7 denomination of invention:A kind of fertilizer synergist and preparation method thereof And application, applicant:Batian Ecological Engineering Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, address:Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province Nanshan District new and high technology Garden Yue Xing two No. 10 7 buildings, 8 buildings, summary:The present invention be applied to fertilizer field, there is provided a kind of fertilizer synergist and its Preparation method and application.Counted using the gross weight of the fertilizer synergist as 100%, by the following component of following weight percentage Composition:Activated carbon 80-90%;Inorganic salt of rare earth 10-20%.The preparation method of the fertilizer synergist comprises the following steps: Absorbent charcoal material pulverize and sieve processing, obtains activated carbon;Formula according to the fertilizer synergist weighs each component; By the activated carbon
Mixed processing is carried out with inorganic salt of rare earth.
Although the fertilizer synergist being previously mentioned in above three document can improve the utilization of fertilizer to a certain extent Rate, but it is little to environmental protection and reclamation result, it is difficult to realize that land used is combined with what is increased soil fertility, therefore, in fertilizer A kind of fertilizer synergist is added, utilization rate, the supplement nutrient element of fertilizer is being improved, is increasing effective fertilizer composition, promote crop Enable fertilizer to play good improving effect to soil after application while growth, be that people are expected.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method, fertilizer synergistic addition
Agent has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, improves utilization rate of fertilizer, supplements nutrient element, improved soil physicochemical character, promotes to make Thing grows, and strengthens drought-enduring crop, tolerance to cold and improves crop yield and the effect of quality.The fertilizer synergistic additive is added Enter and prepare fertilizer in fertile masterbatch, loss of the fertilizer in soil, control fertilizer can be reduced after adding the fertilizer synergistic additive The release of nutrient in material, improve the utilization rate of fertilizer.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
Activated humic acid powder 50-60 parts, biological powdered carbon 15-20 parts, decomposed cow dung 10-15 parts;Micro- 0.5-0.8 parts;Phosphorus Sour ammonium 12-16 parts;Potassium sulfate 5-10 parts;Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering 2-4 parts, paulownia bran 10-15 parts, alcohol effluent dry powder 5-8 parts With diatomite 20-25 parts.
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is:By peat soil or weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 Weight ratio take peat soil or weathered coal, ammonium hydrogen carbonate and water standby, first peat soil or weathered coal and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are mixed equal Even, then plus water stirs, and by resulting material plastic cloth good seal, curing 6-7 days is placed under normal temperature, after drying powder It is broken to obtain activated humic acid powder.
The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is that the stalk that water content is 10-30% is transferred in retort, 100~ Deoxygenation processing 80-100min is dehydrated at 150 DEG C;Stalk after dehydration deoxygenation is carbonized into 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;After cooling Carbonizing production is smashed, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can obtain biological powdered carbon.
Above-mentioned fertilizer synergistic additive, described trace element be boric acid, borax, boric magnesium fertilizer, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate, One or more in manganese sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate and sodium molybdate;The content specification of described bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is Every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
Described fertilizer synergistic additive, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, MAP, potassium sulfate and micro- Secondary element is mixed evenly, and compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.2 weight ratio is diluted with water, and is mixed Close material A;
(2)Diatomite is crushed, crosses 50 mesh sieves, it is standby;By mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, decomposed Cow dung, paulownia bran and diatomite are mixed evenly, and moisture control is grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, and water deficient is then Suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 10-12 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 10~20% to dry to material wet weight, and wine is then added in material Smart waste liquid dry powder blend is uniform, and material is crushed, and it is 50~100 mesh to make its mesh number, obtains fertilizer synergistic additive.
Obtained fertilizer synergistic additive is produced to be added to preparing with after mixing with fertile masterbatch in fertile masterbatch by addition Fertilizer, according to different crops and fertilizing time, its addition is 5~15% with fertile masterbatch dosage gross weight.
Used bacillusmusilaginosiengineering in the present invention(Bacillus mucilaginosus)B. mucilaginocus is commonly called as, is agriculture A kind of common soil bacteria of Tanaka, the bacterium have the function of phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, can increase containing for soil quick-effective phosphor and available potassium Amount.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering flourish in soil, the metabolites such as organic acid, capsular polysaccharide can be produced, destroy aluminosilicate The lattice structure of salt, insoluble phosphorus compound etc., decomposition discharge solvable phosphorus potassium element and calcium, sulphur, magnesium, iron, zinc, molybdenum, manganese It is micro- in, soil fertility is both enhanced, provides the absorbable nutrient utilized again for crop, chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is bright It is aobvious to improve, while the physiological activators such as gibberellin, cytokinin, microbial enzyme, bacterial polysaccharides are produced, promote crop nutrition Absorption and growth metabolism.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering has obvious effect of increasing production on a variety of soil and crop.Gel-shaped gemma bar After bacterium bacterium powder is manured into soil, beneficial microbe and organic matter in soil are added, forms profitable strain in crop root, effectively Suppress the harmful breeding with pathogenic microorganisms of soil, substantially reduce the generation of a variety of soil-borne diseases, powdery mildew, cotton such as wheat Damping-off, yellow droop etc..So as to reduce the use of part agricultural chemicals, mitigate pollution by pesticides.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering have fixed nitrogen, Phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, suppress to kill harmful levels of pathogens, decompose soil harmful substance, reduce heavy metal activity, improve agricultural product quality, carry High crop resistance, promote the effect such as plant growth.
Raw material activated humic acid powder used obtains after peat soil or weathered coal are carried out into activation modification in the present invention, Humic acid(Humic acid, HA)Refer to biology(Mainly plant)Remains pass through microorganism decomposition and nodularization in a series Process and the organic substance present invention that is formed carries out activation modification using peat soil or weathered coal as raw material, humic acid is dissociated Out, form existing for humic acid is changed, and can make to be difficult to reference state humic acid and the part trip directly absorbed by crop Amorph humic acid is converted into fulvo acid, improves the content of fulvo acid.Aromatic proton in activated humic acid powder, The acidic functionalities such as hydroxyl, carboxyl can produce reaction with nitrogen, form very stable new ion cluster, be also complex compound, RT of these complex compounds in soil is long, gradually decomposes release nitrogen, allows plant to absorb at leisure.It is active rotten The acidic functionality energy such as aromatic proton, hydroxyl, carboxyl in phytic acid powder and P elements reaction, become titanium pigment, add The activity of P elements, is easily absorbed by plants, and the functional group in humic acid can also absorb storage potassium ion, can both prevent potassium from Son outflows with water in sandy soil, can prevent the potassium fixation of clayed soil again.Hydroxyl, carboxyl in activated humic acid are easily and soil In cation occur cohesion, reaction and complexing, absorption and exchange interaction, the calcium ion interaction shape in humic acid and soil Into the gelinite of flocculent deposit, it can make soil particle be changed into the small reservoir of retain water and nutrients one by one soil cementation together And fertilizer storehouse, interstices of soil is added, so as to improve soil water-retaining, fertilizer-preserving ability.And humic acid inherently contains plant Elemental carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen needed for growth etc., while it can improve the utilization rate of nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer again, the present invention will be active rotten Phytic acid powder is used for preparing fertilizer synergistic additive and being then added in fertilizer that fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing can be played, and improves fertilizer profit With rate, the effect such as supplement nutrient element, reduce loss of the fertilizer in soil, the release of nutrient in fertilizer is controlled, so as to reach To the effect for improving agricultural product quality, promoting increasing crop yield.
Paulownia bran also known as paulownia used in the present invention are withered, tung seed cake, are that tung oil tree is extracted oil later slag,(Tung oil tree, scientific name plane tree, Deciduous tree, latin name:Aluerites fordii Hemsi), it is a kind of nitrogenous (2-7%), phosphorous (1-3%), containing potassium (1- 2%) and various micro- " green " organic fertilizers, also containing a large amount of organic matters (75-80%), protein, remaining grease and dimension The compositions such as raw element, its fertile part is dense, nutritious, is high-quality organic fertilizer.The fertilizer efficiency of paulownia bran is high and lasting, suitable for various Soil and various crops, such as:The industrial crops such as fruit tree, tealeaves, vegetables, chinquapin, tobacco leaf, sugarcane, melon.
Diatomite is a kind of siliceous rock in the present invention, comes from diatom and clay mineral (montmorillonite, Yi Keshi etc. ), diatom has special aperture structure, and the clay mineral based on montmorillonite has very strong absorption affinity.Therefore, assign Diatomite is for N, P required for plant growth, K, Ca, Mg, S, B, Si, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Zn, rare-earth oxide etc. Various trace elements and the extremely strong adsorption capacity of sulfonate groups.Moreover, diatomite also contains abundant organic matter and many in itself Trace element, it is preferable fertilizer slow-release formulation and soil conditioner component.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, fertilizer synergistic additive produced by the invention employs activated humic acid powder as one of raw material, will change through overactivation Property after obtained activated humic acid powder be used for after fertilizer synergistic additive is prepared, the fertilizer synergistic additive have fixed nitrogen, The effect such as phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, supplement nutrient element, the fertilizer synergistic additive is added to fertilizer is prepared in fertile masterbatch, can be subtracted Few loss of the fertilizer in soil, controls the release of nutrient in fertilizer, improves the utilization rate of fertilizer.After incorporation of fertilizerin the soil, also The content of soil with organic matter can be improved, make soil texture is loose, play a part of improve soil physical property, protect soil Water, fertilizer conservation and not contaminated soil environment.
2nd, biological powdered carbon used in the present invention, has porous property, can adsorb the aluminium ion in soil, H +, acid Radical ion, it can directly neutralize acid or alleviation acidification trend.Applied after biological powdered carbon is added in fertilizer, soil can be reduced Earth unit weight, retention capacity of soil is improved, strengthen the aeration of soil, suitable procreation place is provided for soil beneficial microbe. Biomass carbon is used in mixed way with organic fertilizer, can promote organic matter decomposition, strengthens soil supplying nutrient capability, and being administered in combination with chemical fertilizer can To reduce nitrogen and phosphorus loss, the utilization rate of fertilizer is improved.
3rd, it is rotten to contain bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, activity for the raw material used in fertilizer synergistic additive produced by the invention
The composition component such as sour powder and biological powdered carbon is grown, raw material sources are wide, cost is low, produce obtained fertilizer synergistic additive nutrition Abundant, the content of organic matter is high, has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, improves the effect such as utilization rate of fertilizer, supplement nutrient element, and make The after-applied content that increase soil with organic matter can be played into soil is mixed with fertilizer base-material with the fertilizer synergistic additive, is changed Good soil physical and chemical property, promote plant growth, strengthen drought-enduring crop, cold-resistant and resistant to diseases and insects, improve crop yield and quality Effect.
4th, diatomite is added in fertilizer synergistic additive produced by the invention, adds diatomaceous fertilizer synergistic and add Add agent to greatly improve the slow releasing function of fertilizer, by obtained fertilizer synergistic additive be added to in fertile masterbatch mix after prepare Fertilizer can improve the slow release effect of obtained fertilizer so that the nutrient in fertilizer slowly discharges, and improves utilization rate of fertilizer.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
50 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 15 parts of powdered carbon, 10 parts of decomposed cow dung;0.5 part of trace element;12 parts of MAP;Sulphur Sour 5 parts of potassium;20 parts of 2 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, 10 parts of paulownia bran, 5 parts of alcohol effluent dry powder and diatomite.
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is:By peat soil or weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 Weight ratio take peat soil or weathered coal, ammonium hydrogen carbonate and water standby, first peat soil or weathered coal and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are mixed equal Even, then plus water stirs, and by resulting material plastic cloth good seal, curing 6-7 days is placed under normal temperature, after drying powder It is broken to obtain activated humic acid powder.
The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is that the stalk that water content is 10% is transferred in retort, is taken off at 100 DEG C Water deoxygenation handles 100min;Stalk after dehydration deoxygenation is carbonized into 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;By carbonizing production powder after cooling Essence, make its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can obtain biological powdered carbon.
Described trace element is boric acid, borax, boric magnesium fertilizer, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate With the one or more in sodium molybdate;The content specification of described bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
Described fertilizer synergistic additive, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, MAP, potassium sulfate and micro- Secondary element is mixed evenly, and compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.2 weight ratio is diluted with water, and is mixed Close material A;
(2)Diatomite is crushed, crosses 50 mesh sieves, it is standby;By mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, decomposed Cow dung, paulownia bran and diatomite are mixed evenly, and moisture control is grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, and water deficient is then Suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 10 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 10% to dry to material wet weight, and alcohol is then added in material gives up Liquid dry powder blend is uniform, and material is crushed, and it is 50 mesh to make its mesh number, obtains fertilizer synergistic additive.
Obtained fertilizer synergistic additive is produced to be added to preparing with after mixing with fertile masterbatch in fertile masterbatch by addition Fertilizer, according to different crops and fertilizing time, its addition is 5~15% with fertile masterbatch dosage gross weight.
Embodiment 2
A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
55 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 17 parts of powdered carbon, 13 parts of decomposed cow dung;0.6 part of trace element;14 parts of MAP;Sulphur Sour 7 parts of potassium;3 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, 12 parts of paulownia bran, 6 parts of alcohol effluent dry powder, 22 parts of diatomite.
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is consistent with embodiment 1;The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon For be 25% by water content stalk be transferred in retort, at 140 DEG C be dehydrated deoxygenation processing 90min;After dehydration deoxygenation Stalk carbonizes 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can given birth to Thing powdered carbon.
Described trace element is boric acid, borax, boric magnesium fertilizer, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate With the one or more in sodium molybdate;The content specification of described bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
Described fertilizer synergistic additive, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, MAP, potassium sulfate and micro- Secondary element is mixed evenly, and compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.2 weight ratio is diluted with water, and is mixed Close material A;
(2)Diatomite is crushed, crosses 50 mesh sieves, it is standby;By mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, decomposed Cow dung, paulownia bran and diatomite are mixed evenly, and moisture control is grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, and water deficient is then Suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 11 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 16% to dry to material wet weight, and alcohol is then added in material gives up Liquid dry powder blend is uniform, and material is crushed, and it is 80 mesh to make its mesh number, obtains fertilizer synergistic additive.
Obtained fertilizer synergistic additive is produced to be added to preparing with after mixing with fertile masterbatch in fertile masterbatch by addition Fertilizer, according to different crops and fertilizing time, its addition is 5~15% with fertile masterbatch dosage gross weight.
Embodiment 3
A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
60 parts of activated humic acid powder, biological 20 parts of powdered carbon, 15 parts of decomposed cow dung;0.8 part of trace element;16 parts of MAP;Sulphur Sour 10 parts of potassium;4 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, 15 parts of paulownia bran, 8 parts of alcohol effluent dry powder, 25 parts of diatomite.
The preparation method of described activated humic acid powder is consistent with embodiment 1;The preparation method of the biological powdered carbon For be 30% by water content stalk be transferred in retort, at 150 DEG C be dehydrated deoxygenation processing 80min;After dehydration deoxygenation Stalk carbonizes 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can given birth to Thing powdered carbon.
Described trace element is boric acid, borax, boric magnesium fertilizer, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate With the one or more in sodium molybdate;The content specification of described bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
Described fertilizer synergistic additive, its production method step are as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, MAP, potassium sulfate and micro- Secondary element is mixed evenly, and compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.2 weight ratio is diluted with water, and is mixed Close material A;
(2)Diatomite is crushed, crosses 50 mesh sieves, it is standby;By mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, decomposed Cow dung, paulownia bran and diatomite are mixed evenly, and moisture control is grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, and water deficient is then Suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 12 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 20% to dry to material wet weight, and alcohol is then added in material gives up Liquid dry powder blend is uniform, and material is crushed, and it is 100 mesh to make its mesh number, obtains fertilizer synergistic additive.
Obtained fertilizer synergistic additive is produced to be added to preparing with after mixing with fertile masterbatch in fertile masterbatch by addition Fertilizer, according to different crops and fertilizing time, its addition is 5~15% with fertile masterbatch dosage gross weight.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of fertilizer synergistic additive, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:
Activated humic acid powder 50-60 parts, biological powdered carbon 15-20 parts, decomposed cow dung 10-15 parts;Micro- 0.5-0.8 parts;Phosphorus Sour ammonium 12-16 parts;Potassium sulfate 5-10 parts;Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering 2-4 parts, paulownia bran 10-15 parts, alcohol effluent dry powder 5-8 parts With diatomite 20-25 parts.
2. fertilizer synergistic additive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preparation side of described activated humic acid powder Method is:By peat soil or weathered coal:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate:Water is 75:12:20 weight ratio takes peat soil or weathered coal, ammonium hydrogen carbonate It is standby with water, first peat soil or weathered coal and ammonium hydrogen carbonate are well mixed, then plus water is stirred, and resulting material is moulded Expect cloth good seal, curing 6-7 days is placed under normal temperature, crush obtain activated humic acid powder after drying.
3. fertilizer synergistic additive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preparation method of the biological powdered carbon is will Water content is that 10-30% stalk is transferred in retort, and deoxygenation processing 80-100min is dehydrated at 100~150 DEG C;Will dehydration Stalk after deoxygenation carbonizes 90min under 650 DEG C of high temperature;Carbonizing production is smashed after cooling, makes its particle diameter≤0.5mm, you can Obtain biological powdered carbon.
4. fertilizer synergistic additive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described trace element be boric acid, borax, One or more in boric magnesium fertilizer, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ammonium molybdate and sodium molybdate;Described jelly The content specification of sample bacillus is every gram of 200,000,000 effective bacterium.
5. fertilizer synergistic additive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that its production method step is as follows:
(1)According to parts by weight, various raw material for standby are taken, then by bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, MAP, potassium sulfate and micro- Secondary element is mixed evenly, and compound is obtained, then according to compound:Water is 1:1.2 weight ratio is diluted with water, and is mixed Close material A;
(2)Diatomite is crushed, crosses 50 mesh sieves, it is standby;By mixed material A and activated humic acid powder, biological powdered carbon, decomposed Cow dung, paulownia bran and diatomite are mixed evenly, and moisture control is grabbed with hand can be agglomerating, and loosing one's grip to scatter is defined, and water deficient is then Suitably plus water, then pile fermentation 10-12 days at normal temperatures;
(3)The material that will be obtained after pile fermentation, it is 10~20% to dry to material wet weight, and wine is then added in material Smart waste liquid dry powder blend is uniform, and material is crushed, and it is 50~100 mesh to make its mesh number, obtains fertilizer synergistic additive.
6. fertilizer synergistic additive according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described fertilizer synergistic additive is by addition Amount is added to fertilizer is prepared with after being mixed with fertile masterbatch in fertile masterbatch, according to different crops and fertilizing time, its addition For 5~15% with fertile masterbatch dosage gross weight.
CN201711196340.6A 2017-11-25 2017-11-25 A kind of fertilizer synergistic additive and its production method Pending CN107721656A (en)

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CN109566254A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-04-05 合肥市大邵生态农业有限公司 A kind of method for planting fruit trees that yield can be improved
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109053280A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-21 沈阳农业大学 A kind of anti-ageing Cu Huazhuan fringe compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109485498A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-19 长沙浩博生物技术有限公司 A kind of method of preparation and use of high organic complex microorganism flushing and spreading fertilizer
CN109566254A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-04-05 合肥市大邵生态农业有限公司 A kind of method for planting fruit trees that yield can be improved
CN110950708A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-04-03 南阳师范学院 Preparation method of synergistic organic fertilizer
CN111057555A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-24 贵州卓豪农业科技股份有限公司 Soil conditioner special for tea garden and preparation method thereof
CN115304430A (en) * 2022-08-09 2022-11-08 中昇南阳生物科技有限公司 Urea sulfate chelated clay-free microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20180223