CN209517986U - A kind of maintenance ware improving desert plant survival rate - Google Patents

A kind of maintenance ware improving desert plant survival rate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209517986U
CN209517986U CN201822087865.2U CN201822087865U CN209517986U CN 209517986 U CN209517986 U CN 209517986U CN 201822087865 U CN201822087865 U CN 201822087865U CN 209517986 U CN209517986 U CN 209517986U
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China
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ware
desert
plant
ware body
survival rate
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CN201822087865.2U
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马烨
王忠长
李冬冬
赵婌君
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Nanjing Yiweisen Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Nanjing Yiweisen Biotechnology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0291Planting receptacles specially adapted for remaining in the soil after planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/30Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds
    • A01G24/35Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds containing water-absorbing polymers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0293Seed or shoot receptacles

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of maintenance wares for improving desert plant survival rate, and the fitting groove of built-in aerogel blanket is equipped with along the inner wall border of ware body;The Nutrition Soil that filling is mixed by active microorganism fermentation liquid, trace-element fertilizer, root power, water-absorbing resins, humic acid, organic fertilizer, sandy soil in ware body;By desert plant in maintenance ware in cultivate at shoot after, then together with ware body move to Desert Area soil hole in support plant.More organic matters are provided after the degradation of the ware body made of paper pulp; the fitting groove and aerogel blanket of hollow ware body and protrusion; the thermal insulation layer of multilayer is provided for the plant after transplanting; prevent moisture from evaporating; it is nutrient and moisture needed for seedling provides interim protection and interim growth under Desert conditions in conjunction with Nutrition Soil; it ensure that desert plant can be in the development of plantlet stage and growth phase, and promote its growth, improve desert plant survival rate of seedling and transplanting storage rate.

Description

A kind of maintenance ware improving desert plant survival rate
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of maintenance wares, and in particular to a kind of maintenance ware for improving desert plant survival rate.
Background technique
Desertification treatment has become global problem, prevents Desert Expansion, afforestation desert has become the 21 century mankind and strives for Living environment, the matter of utmost importance for expanding living space.
China is that ccd area is larger in the world, one of the most serious country of harm;It is shown according to data, China Desertification Soil area is 262.37 ten thousand km2;The 27.4% of national territorial area is accounted for, sandy land area is 173.11 ten thousand km2, Zhan Guo The 18.03% of the native gross area;Obvious desertification trend land area is 31.1 ten thousand km2, account for the 3.24% of territory total area.
Currently, mainly being made both at home and abroad using trickle irrigation during desert, Semi-desert Area windblown sand movement and ecological construction Woods technology, artificial straw checkerboard barrier sand-protecting barrier tackling quicksand replant tree technology and rain trap afforestation technology;These technologies are all in desert There are problem or deficiencies during afforestation.
Due to using traditional outdoor seedling raising manners of desert, seed and nursery stock are substantially without selected, and nursery soil quality is poor, slightly The nursery for putting formula causes city poor for ermophyte seedling quality, shows that nursery stock size, length be irregular, main root is rolled over Disconnected, band disease pest etc. lacks high quality, standardization seedling, affects the survival rate of tree planting nursery to a certain extent, saves Rate and stability.
Simultaneously as Desert Area high temperature, water shortage and nutriment such as lack at the factors, plant the seedling development stage, at Seedling growth phase inevitably will cause the restriction of growing environment factor.Outdoor nursery and again shortage curing means and nutrition Substance causes plant growth survival rate low.After nursery stock transplanting, due to lasting high temperature to seedling burning repeatedly, sandy soil It is grained matte, seepage velocity is fast, and water retention property is poor, lacks enough nutriments for the growth and development of plantlet stage and provides battalion Substance is supported, causes storage rate after plant transplantation low, the Greening functions that plant should play cannot be played;These influence plant growth Environmental factor mostly come from desert soil and weather.
So constructing shelterbelt network using biology and engineering measure is the optimum method for solving water body and being lost, plant simultaneously Object can check winds and fix drifting sand, and be the most effective approach for eradicating desertification.However, how to improve survival rate of the plant in rugged environment Problem is the largest with storage rate.
Utility model content
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide one kind can effectively improve desert plant The maintenance ware of survival rate of seedling and transplanting storage rate.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the utility model adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of maintenance ware improving desert plant survival rate, along the inner wall of ware body, the fitting groove equipped with border;The fitting Aerogel blanket built in slot.
Above-mentioned fitting groove is projecting slot, and the bottom of fitting groove is isolated with the bottom of ware intracoelomic cavity.
Above-mentioned ware body is in open cup type, and open end is equipped in the collecting ring for opening up arc outside.
Above-mentioned ware body is hollow papery, and PE film is respectively coated in outer wall and inner cavity;Papery can with stalk, plant waste and Paper pulp made of waste paper is made.
Further, the bottom end internal diameter of above-mentioned collecting ring is 78-82mm, and top internal diameter is 99-101mm.
Further, a height of 280-320mm of above-mentioned ware body, bottom outer diameter are 48-52mm, and wall thickness and base thickness are 1.8- 2.2mm。
A kind of nursery and method for transplanting suitable for desert plant, comprising the following steps:
S1, nursery: filling Nutrition Soil in above-mentioned maintenance ware, by the seed of desert plant or seedling sowing in Nutrition Soil Behind middle part, maintenance is cultivated into shoot;
S2, transplanting: shoot is moved in the soil hole of Desert Area together with ware body.
Distance of the top of Nutrition Soil apart from ware body top is 2-5cm in above-mentioned steps S1.
Ware body places into the soil the depth in cheating as 20-30cm in above-mentioned steps S2, and height of basseting is 0-2cm.
A kind of Nutrition Soil suitable for desert plant, component include mixed active microorganism fermentation liquid, trace element fertilizer Material, root power, water-absorbing resins, humic acid, organic fertilizer, sandy soil.
Above-mentioned Desert Area includes desert, wasteland, loess plateau, desert, Gobi Region.
Above-mentioned desert plant include white thorn, sea-buckthorn, red building, poplar, white poplar, arrow-leaved oleaster, husky honey raisin tree, caragana microphylla, hedysarum scoparium, salix monogolica, Cathay poplar.
The utility model has the beneficial effect that
A kind of maintenance ware of raising desert plant survival rate of the utility model, ware body material are preferably by stalk, discard The paper pulp that the fibrous raw materials such as paper are process has very high degradability, provides more organic matters after degradation for plant;Pass through The collecting ring of open end opening expands catchment area, increases collecting water from runoff;Pass through the fitting of wall protrusion in hollow ware body and ware body Aerogel blanket in slot and fitting groove provides the thermal insulation layer of multilayer for the plant after transplanting, prevents moisture from evaporating, and guarantees to move Desert plant after cultivation tides over growth period under the support of nutriment in maintenance ware, avoids high temperature, drift sand, insect pest to plant roots The injury in portion and stem, while again nondegradable waste will not be generated to environment.
A kind of Nutrition Soil suitable for desert plant of the utility model can be directed to different desert plants and different kinds It plants environment to be matched and prepared, be provided under Desert conditions using the desert Nutrition Soil rich in microorganism and nutriment as seedling Nutrient and moisture needed for interim protection and interim growth, ensure that desert plant can be in plantlet stage and growth step The development of section, and promote its growth, desert plant survival rate of seedling and transplanting storage rate are improved, better than under existing condition of drip irrigation With the desert recovery technique under few irrigation conditions.
Maintenance ware, nursery and the method for transplanting, Nutrition Soil of the utility model, combine materialogy, biology, ecology, The technology and theory of the multiple fields such as agrology, effectively increase the quality of desert plant nursery stock, realize desert plant nursery Standardization, for the nursery of scale desert plant and desert ecological afforestation lay the foundation, and be conducive to portable desert plant kind Mechanized operation is planted, desert afforestation efficiency is improved, reduces costs, realize the desert restoration of the ecosystem of standardization, scale.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the appearance diagram of the maintenance ware of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the maintenance ware of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram after the desert plant transplanting of the utility model.
Attached meaning marked in the figure is as follows: 1, ware body, 2, collecting ring, 3, aerogel blanket, 4, fitting groove.
Specific embodiment
Specific introduce is made to the utility model below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
The Desert Area of the utility model includes desert, wasteland, loess plateau, desert, Gobi Region;The examination of the present embodiment It is the loess plateau of Yan'an Yulin Prefecture with testing.
The desert plant of the utility model includes white thorn, sea-buckthorn, red building, poplar, white poplar, arrow-leaved oleaster, husky honey raisin tree, caragana microphylla, flower Stick, salix monogolica, Cathay poplar;The plant of the present embodiment is poplar, white poplar.
A kind of maintenance ware improving desert plant survival rate, ware body are in open cup type, a height of 300mm, bottom outer diameter 50mm, wall thickness and base thickness are 2mm;Open end is equipped in the collecting ring for opening up arc outside, and the internal diameter of collecting ring bottom end is 80mm, top Internal diameter is 100mm.
Ware body is hollow papery, and PE film is respectively coated in outer wall and inner cavity, the wall along ware body, equipped with border in the fitting of protrusion Slot, bottom is isolated with the bottom of ware intracoelomic cavity, and aerogel blanket built in fitting groove.
It is a kind of improve desert plant survival rate nursery and method for transplanting, comprising the following steps:
S1, nursery: it is filled in maintenance ware, by active microorganism fermentation liquid, trace-element fertilizer, root power, water imbibition The Nutrition Soil that resin, humic acid, organic fertilizer, sandy soil mix, and between top reservation 3cm of the Nutrition Soil apart from ware body Away from by poplar, white poplar seedling cultivation in Nutrition Soil, root is placed in the middle part of Nutrition Soil, maintenance, including water, fertilizer, pest and disease damage It manages and controls, cultivates into shoot;
S2, transplanting: by shoot together with ware body move to Desert Area soil hole in, ware body place into the soil hole in depth be 30cm, height of basseting are 2cm.
The component of Nutrition Soil can adjust component and ratio, match in allotment according to different Desert Areas and desert plant Set step are as follows: sequentially added in active microorganism fermentation liquid trace-element fertilizer, root power, super absorbent resin, humic acid, Organic fertilizer, sandy soil, stir evenly.In component: humic acid is the matrix of Nutrition Soil as adsorbent and organic matter;Sandy soil are battalion Support the carrier of soil;Organic fertilizer provides the nutriments such as N, P, K for desert plant;Super absorbent resin plays water-retaining sand-stabilizing;It is micro- Secondary element fertilizer provides nutrient for desert plant;Root power promotes desert plant root system development;Active microorganism includes shellfish Lay this bacillus, bacillus subtilis, the reconstruction for desert plant root system Tiny ecosystem.
The Nutrition Soil may make the water-retaining property of desert plant cultivation to be improved, sand-fixing effect is good, nutritional sufficiency, growth hair It is good to educate effect.
The fitting groove of wall protrusion in hollow ware body and ware body provides double-deck thermal insulation layer, knot for the plant after transplanting The aerogel blanket in fitting groove is closed, when so that surface temperature increasing outside maintenance ware, the temperature of ware intracoelomic cavity is without significant changes;Separately Outside, open funnel shaped collecting ring is opened up using the outer of ware body open end, increases the surface area opened up outside, improved and collect rainwater Efficiency provides more moisture to the growth of plant;And be bonded in the space that trench bottom is isolated with the bottom of ware intracoelomic cavity, it can accumulate More moisture are stored, the long-term preservation of moisture is conducive to.The raw material of papery maintenance ware is preferably the fibrous raw materials such as stalk, discarded paper The paper pulp being process has very high degradability, certain organic matter is generated after the completion of degradation in surrounding plants, to soil Ecology can generate positive benefit.
The rhizome that the maintenance ware of the utility model can form 1-2 to the shoot after transplanting protects, and Nutrition Soil can be seedling The desert plant of stage and growth phase provides the nutriment of the 6-12 month, and the desert plant after guaranteeing transplanting is in maintenance ware Growth period is spent under the support of nutriment, root system development to water-bearing layer.
Following table is the comparison of the effect, cost of the utility model and other existing afforestation technologies:
As shown above, the maintenance ware nursery desert Ecological recovery technology of the utility model, is compared to traditional desert For Ecological recovery technology, have various technical advantages, introducing a fine variety and cultivating by poplar, white poplar fine quality, with this The maintenance ware of utility model is poplar, white poplar provides interim protection, guarantees nursery stock in the moisture of early growth period, nutrient and prevents Only burn, greatly improve transplanting survival rate, high survival rate up to 95% or more, effectively push desertification control and restore into Journey.
The basic principles and main features and advantage of the utility model have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry It should be appreciated that above-described embodiment does not limit the utility model in any form, it is all by the way of equivalent substitution or equivalent transformation Technical solution obtained, all falls in the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of maintenance ware for improving desert plant survival rate, which is characterized in that along the inner wall of ware body, the fitting equipped with border Slot;Aerogel blanket built in the fitting groove;The fitting groove is projecting slot, and the bottom of the bottom of fitting groove and ware intracoelomic cavity every From;The ware body is in open cup type, and open end is equipped in the collecting ring for opening up arc outside;The ware body is hollow papery, and outer PE film is respectively coated in wall and inner cavity.
2. a kind of maintenance ware for improving desert plant survival rate according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the collecting ring Bottom end internal diameter be 78-82mm, top internal diameter be 99-101mm.
3. a kind of maintenance ware for improving desert plant survival rate according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the ware body A height of 280-320mm, bottom outer diameter are 48-52mm, and wall thickness and base thickness are 1.8-2.2mm.
4. the maintenance ware according to claim 1 to 3 for improving desert plant survival rate, which is characterized in that filled out in ware body Nutrition Soil is filled, and distance of the top of Nutrition Soil apart from ware body top is 2-5cm.
CN201822087865.2U 2018-09-19 2018-12-13 A kind of maintenance ware improving desert plant survival rate Active CN209517986U (en)

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CN2018215330830 2018-09-19
CN201821533083 2018-09-19

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178588A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-30 张洪岩 For the pre-buried auxiliary body of arviculture seed manure integration trophosome soil
CN111316851A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-23 山西苗褓褓环保技术有限公司 Sand-through road protecting vegetation and planting method thereof
CN111837872A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-10-30 张万玲 Water-free soil and method for treating desert environment by using municipal sludge
CN113068590A (en) * 2021-04-16 2021-07-06 中国林业科学研究院 Method for improving germination rate of plant seeds and survival rate of seedlings in saline-alkali soil in situ

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