CN104025886B - A kind of mulch film covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation - Google Patents

A kind of mulch film covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation Download PDF

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CN104025886B
CN104025886B CN201410294213.XA CN201410294213A CN104025886B CN 104025886 B CN104025886 B CN 104025886B CN 201410294213 A CN201410294213 A CN 201410294213A CN 104025886 B CN104025886 B CN 104025886B
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liner
hole
cave
urceolus
mulch film
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CN104025886A (en
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何德荣
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何德荣
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method that mulch film covers cave artificial cistanche inoculation, a kind of mulch film is adopted to cover cave device, this device comprises urceolus and the liner suitable with it, size according to urceolus digs cave, urceolus is placed in the hole dug, at interior substrate and the peripheral overlay film of liner during use, then be set in urceolus, add fertilizer and sandy soil mixture, sowing within the liner, then bury hole, delivery tool, water, earthing, workable, easy to use, make the hole of plantation saline cistanche form the environment of a relative closure.Adopting mulch film to cover cave method makes sandy soil in inoculation hole keep moisture state for a long time, prevent Water deep leaching in hole, drain evaporation, be conducive to cistanche deserticola seed expansion to increase, induction attracts sacsaoul root system to extend to the growth of cistanche deserticola seed direction, the probability that increase cistanche deserticola seed and sacsaoul root system meet, improve the germination rate of seed, reach the object of using water wisely, increasing both production and income.

Description

A kind of mulch film covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation
Technical field
The present invention relates to saline cistanche implantation methods, be specifically related to a kind of method that mulch film covers cave artificial cistanche inoculation.
Background technology
Cistanche deserticola Orobanchaceae endangered species, another name rues greatly, very littlely rue, look into dry announcement sub-(Mongolian).Saline cistanche is a kind of parasitic plant colonizing in desert trees sacsaoul, red building root, not high to soil, moisture requirement, is a more promising industry.Be distributed in the Inner Mongol, Ningxia, Gansu and Xinjiang, have the good reputation of " desert ginseng ", have high medical value, being the traditional rare traditional Chinese medicine of China, is also one of help medicine that in successive dynasties tonifying kidney and strengthening yang class prescription, usage frequency is the highest.Minqin County is clipped in rise in lattice and the one piece oasis of Badain Jaran two between desert, and territory ccd area is up to more than 94.51%, 2,230 ten thousand mu, and raw mainly with drought, the super non-irrigated raw herbaceous plant of husky district vegetation and desert shrub are main.Sacsaoul is the seeds of checking winds and fixing drifting sand that a kind of drought-resistant ability is very strong, distinguishes the natural forest and the forest plantation that are furnished with 350,000 mu, for carrying out the place that artificial infection desert cistanche is provided convenience in Minqin along husky.For a long time, locality, Minqin generally adopts artificial trench digging, digs cave, and seed kind is sprinkled in ditch by machinery trench digging, landfill, pouring.This kind of method water consumption is large, complex procedures, every mu of water consumption more than 100 cubic metres, percentage of seedgermination lower than 20%, growth cycle reach more than 3 years, planting benefit is not high.
Summary of the invention
The present invention uses conventional method inoculating cistanche salsa water consumption, growth cycle is long, planting benefit is low problem to solve, and provides the device and method that a kind of mulch film covers cave artificial cistanche inoculation.
In order to solve the problem, adopt following technical scheme:
A kind of mulch film covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, comprise liner and urceolus, described urceolus is square tube, described liner is quadra, bottom in this quadra is provided with shelves seed frame obliquely, described shelves seed frame is made up of the seed block plate be parallel to each other, described seed block plate and described liner plane perpendicular.
Preferably, urceolus is the square tube of long 40 ㎝, wide 30 ㎝, high 70 ㎝, and described liner is the quadra of long 38 ㎝, wide 28 ㎝, high 72 ㎝.
Preferably, described seed block plate has 4 and equally distributes.
Preferably, the gradient of described shelves seed frame is 45 degree.
Preferably, described urceolus and the top of liner are all provided with handle.
Mulch film covers a method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation, specifically comprises the steps:
A) woods is selected: select between sacsaoul line-spacing 3 ~ 4 meters, spacing in the rows 1 ~ 2 meter, plant is high more than 1 meter, eugonic Cakcayr Forest in flakes;
B) determine cave: at the downwind side of selected Cakcayr Forest every strain haloxylon ammondendron prevailing wind direction, be defined as the hole of inoculating cistanche salsa apart from sacsaoul plant 40 ~ 50 ㎝ place; Determine that the hole of inoculating cistanche salsa is 1 under preferred every strain haloxylon ammondendron;
C) dig cave: determining position, cave hand excavation's hole, described hole is according to mould urceolus size excavation; Cave of digging pit is looked this place's sandy soil layer flowing free flowability and is considered, does not affect mould urceolus be placed as suitable with the sandy soil that are scattered;
D) put mould: be placed on by mould urceolus in the hole dug, neck bush, towards sacsaoul plant, by liner end opening and liner periphery a slice mulch film parcel, is then loaded in urceolus by urceolus opening;
E) apply fertilizer: insert after fertilizer is mixed with sandy soil in liner; Described fertilizer is sheep excrement through fully fermenting, chicken manure, cow dung, the farm organic fertilizer such as pig manure or stalk; Described fertilizer and sandy soil are inserted in liner after the ratio of 1:2.5 ~ 1:3.5 mixes, and every strain haloxylon ammondendron adds 0.5 ~ 1.5 kilogram, then add the shelves seed frame place that sandy soil are filled to obliquely and form a slope;
F) sow: cistanche deserticola seed and sandy soil are mixed by weight 1:180 ~ 1:220, between the seed block plate being then evenly scattered in step e slope;
G) hole is buried: the sandy soil taken out when digging cave are evenly inserted liner; Simultaneously by the gap uniformity backfill between liner and urceolus, the mulch film uniform-compression that liner is wrapped up is in case cause hole institute covering film damaged;
H) delivery: evenly firmly liner and urceolus are transferred to successively in hole, complete hole overlay film;
I) water: above hole, water sufficient water, fully permeate with the sandy soil in overlay film hole and fertilizer and be advisable;
J) bury soil: cover the sandy soil burying thick 10 ~ 20 ㎝ above the hole after watering, a strain saline cistanche inoculation job completes.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. method of the present invention adopts a kind of mulch film to cover the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, to be set in urceolus after interior substrate and the peripheral overlay film of liner, add fertilizer and sandy soil mixture within the liner, sow, make the hole of plantation saline cistanche form the environment of a relative closure, intercept the seepage of moisture in hole in saline cistanche growth and development process, evaporation, loss, reach water-saving object; The method can make sandy soil in inoculation hole keep moisture state for a long time, be conducive to cistanche deserticola seed expansion to increase, induction attracts sacsaoul root system to extend to the growth of cistanche deserticola seed direction, the probability that increase cistanche deserticola seed and sacsaoul root system meet, thus improves the germination rate of cistanche deserticola seed.Meanwhile, the hole due to artificial cistanche inoculation is the environment of a relative closure, the farmyard manure efficiency slow release used when being conducive to inoculation and maintenance, promote that Host Plant Haloxylon ammodendron root growth and saline cistanche grow, shorten saline cistanche vegetative period, reach saline cistanche increasing both production and income, boost productivity.
2. be provided with shelves seed frame obliquely in the liner of apparatus of the present invention, shelves seed frame is made up of one group of seed block plate with liner plane perpendicular, sows seeds in the inclined-plane of shelves seed frame, expands seed kind face compared with conventional method; When seed kind is fallen apart down, whole inclined-plane all exists seed kind, when burying sandy soil, the existence of seed block plate can avoid seed kind to be shifted onto one piece by sandy soil, causes seed skewness; The inclined-plane of shelves seed frame is towards sacsaoul plant, and the fertilizer below seed block plate can induce root system effect to impel root system and seed kind to inoculate, and improves rate of vaccination.
3. be proven and adopt mulch film of the present invention to cover cave technology artificial cistanche inoculation, every mu of water consumption is 5 cubic metres, percentage of seedgermination is 80%, growth cycle is 2 years, save energy consumption, percentage of seedgermination is high, growth cycle is short, income is high; Facilitate peasant household of husky district to plant haloxylon ammondendron, the coverage rate of haloxylon ammondendron increases and forms the sand control ecological forest, checks winds and fixes drifting sand, effectively improves the ecotope of Desertification Soil.To rue rich peasant specialized cooperation for Minqin County, cooperative society with first sand control, after be utilized as principle, tissue and lead peasant household of husky district to plant the sand control ecological forest, development desert forest economy, actively to plant sacsaoul Desert Control not administering husky district, in existing Cakcayr Forest, saline cistanche is planted in artificial grafting, achieves good effect, widen and increased income channel, accelerated the paces of shaking off poverty and setting out on the road to prosperity; The existing member of cooperative society 50, average each household plantation saline cistanche more than 20 mu.By exemplary role, driven husky district, adjacent small towns family more than 200 along the line Cotton Varieties by Small Farming Households saline cistanche at present, year promotes Increase Income of Peasant Households more than 5000 yuan per family.While obtaining desert cistanche planting benefit, achieve good ecological benefits and social benefit.Cooperative society adopts mulch film of the present invention to cover cave, use farm organic fertilizer integrated technology carries out cistanche salsa artificial inoculation, inoculating cistanche salsa mu water consumption reduces 95 cubic metres compared with conventional method, and only connect spot watering at planting 1 time, without the need to watering after inoculation, the moisture possessed in hole is enough to the needs meeting cistanche deserticola seed sprouting, grow.Cover cave by mulch film, use farm organic fertilizer, not only reduce water, fertile loss, strengthen the supply of saline cistanche nutrition of the host, and shorten saline cistanche growth cycle, make a mu fresh meat desert cistanche output increased more than 20 kilograms.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1. be inner lining structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2. be outer tube structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of mulch film covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, comprises liner 1, urceolus 5, and urceolus 5 is the square tube of long 40 ㎝, wide 30 ㎝, high 70 ㎝, and liner 1 is the quadra of long 38 ㎝, wide 28 ㎝, high 72cm.During manufacture, with the stock of angle steel, welded steel plate long 70 ㎝, wide 40 ㎝, high 30 ㎝, close the positive facade of former and later two 70 ㎝ × 40 ㎝ with steel plate, the side elevation of left and right two 70 ㎝ × 30 ㎝, the face of upper and lower two 40 ㎝ × 30 ㎝ is opened wide, and forms a square urceolus.The framework of long 38 ㎝, wide 28 ㎝, high 72cm is welded with angle steel, steel bar, the steel bar 3 that two angles of inclination are 45 degree is welded in the bottom of lining frame two relative side, then between two steel bars 3, equidistantly welding 4 long 38cm, wide 3cm steel bar form shelves seed frame, plane and the lining frame plane perpendicular of every bar steel bar are arranged, and wherein 4 steel bars are seed block plate 2.The top of described urceolus 5 is provided with handle 6, and the top of liner 1 is provided with handle 4, leaves the gap of 2 ㎝ during use between each of the front, rear, left and right of described urceolus and the liner 1 of joining.
embodiment 1
Select between sacsaoul line-spacing 3 ~ 4 meters, spacing in the rows 1 ~ 2 meter, plant is high more than 1 meter, the age of tree more than 3 years and eugonic Cakcayr Forest in flakes inoculate; In selected Cakcayr Forest, the downwind side of every sacsaoul plant prevailing wind direction forbids positive northern position to be planted, and determines the hole of inoculating cistanche salsa apart from sacsaoul plant 40 ~ 50 ㎝ place; Every strain sacsaoul determines 1 hole; Then determining position, cave hand excavation's hole, the size of hole is advisable according to the mould urceolus size of placing; The size in cave of digging pit, consider depending on residing sandy soil layer flowing free flowability, do not affect mould with the sandy soil that are scattered and be placed as suitable; Mould urceolus 5 is placed in the hole dug, for stopping that sandy soil are scattered in hole around, urceolus 5 opening is towards sacsaoul plant, then be loaded in urceolus 5 after mulch film being wrapped in liner 1 bottom surface and liner 1 periphery, the space of liner 1 surrounding is stayed evenly, and the inclined-plane of the middle-grade seed frame of liner is towards sacsaoul plant; Sandy soil used with burying cave for the farm organic fertilizers such as the sheep excrement through fully fermenting, chicken manure, cow dung, pig manure or stalk are inserted in liner 1 after 1:3 mixes, every strain haloxylon ammondendron adds 0.5 kilogram of below to shelves seed frame inclined-plane, and the shelves seed frame place that then interpolation sandy soil are filled to obliquely forms a slope; After cistanche deserticola seed and sandy soil are mixed thoroughly with the ratio of weight ratio 1:200, between the seed block plate 2 being evenly scattered in slope; Evenly insert in liner with the sandy soil taken out when digging cave, the gap uniformity between liner 1 and urceolus 5 backfilled simultaneously, the mulch film uniform-compression that liner is wrapped up in case cause hole institute covering film damaged, fill out sandy soil and be advisable to cheating high 2/3; Evenly firmly liner and urceolus are transferred to successively in hole, complete hole overlay film; Above hole, water sufficient water, fully permeate with the sandy soil in overlay film hole and fertilizer and be advisable; Bury the sandy soil of thick 10 ㎝ above hole after having watered water, a strain saline cistanche inoculation job completes.Connect spot watering at planting 1 time, without the need to watering after inoculation, the moisture possessed in hole is enough to the needs meeting desert cistanche seed germination, grow, and a mu water consumption reduces 95 cubic metres compared with conventional vaccination saline cistanche method, and per mu yield improves 22 kilograms.
embodiment 2
Select between sacsaoul line-spacing 3 ~ 4 meters, spacing in the rows 1 ~ 2 meter, plant is high more than 1 meter, the age of tree more than 3 years and eugonic Cakcayr Forest in flakes inoculate; In selected Cakcayr Forest, the downwind side of every sacsaoul plant prevailing wind direction forbids positive northern position to be planted, and determines the hole of inoculating cistanche salsa apart from sacsaoul plant 40 ~ 50 ㎝ place; Every strain sacsaoul determines 1 hole; Then determining position, cave hand excavation's hole, the size of hole is advisable according to the mould urceolus size of placing; The size in cave of digging pit, consider depending on residing sandy soil layer flowing free flowability, do not affect mould with the sandy soil that are scattered and be placed as suitable; Mould urceolus 5 is placed in the hole dug, for stopping that sandy soil are scattered toward hole around; Be loaded in urceolus 5 after mulch film being wrapped in liner 1 bottom surface and liner 1 periphery, liner 1 surrounding space is stayed evenly, do not wrap up mulch film facing to sacsaoul plant, inclined-plane and the sacsaoul plant of the middle-grade seed frame of liner oppose; Sandy soil used with burying cave for the farm organic fertilizers such as the sheep excrement through fully fermenting, chicken manure, cow dung, pig manure or stalk are inserted in liner after 1:2.5 mixes, every strain haloxylon ammondendron adds 1.5 kilograms, then fills out all seed block plates 2 place that sandy soil are filled to grade seed frame and forms a slope; Then after cistanche deserticola seed and sandy soil being mixed thoroughly with the ratio of weight ratio 1:220, between the seed block plate 2 being evenly scattered in above-mentioned slope.The sandy soil taken out when digging cave are evenly inserted in liner 1, simultaneously by the gap uniformity backfill between liner and urceolus, the mulch film uniform-compression that liner is wrapped up in case cause hole institute covering film damaged, fill out sandy soil and be advisable to cheating high 2/3; Evenly firmly liner 1 and urceolus 5 are transferred to successively in hole, complete hole overlay film; Water to hole, fully permeate with the sandy soil in overlay film hole and fertilizer and be advisable; Cover above hole after having watered water and bury the thick sandy soil of 15 ㎝, a strain saline cistanche inoculation job completes.Connect spot watering at planting 1 time, without the need to watering after inoculation, the moisture possessed in hole is enough to the needs meeting desert cistanche seed germination, grow, and a mu water consumption reduces 95 cubic metres compared with conventional vaccination saline cistanche method, and per mu yield improves 25 kilograms.
embodiment 3
Select between sacsaoul line-spacing 3 ~ 4 meters, spacing in the rows 1 ~ 2 meter, plant is high more than 1 meter, the age of tree more than 3 years and eugonic Cakcayr Forest in flakes inoculate; In selected Cakcayr Forest, the downwind side of every sacsaoul plant prevailing wind direction forbids positive northern position to be planted, and determines the hole of inoculating cistanche salsa apart from sacsaoul plant 40 ~ 50 ㎝ place; Every strain sacsaoul determines 1 hole; Then determining position, cave hand excavation's hole, the size of hole is advisable according to the mould urceolus size of placing; The size in cave of digging pit, consider depending on residing sandy soil layer flowing free flowability, do not affect mould with the sandy soil that are scattered and be placed as suitable; Mould urceolus is placed in the hole dug, for stopping that sandy soil are scattered toward hole around; Be loaded in urceolus after mulch film being wrapped in interior substrate surface and liner periphery, liner surrounding space is stayed evenly, do not wrap up mulch film facing to sacsaoul plant, inclined-plane and the sacsaoul plant of the middle-grade seed frame of liner oppose; Sandy soil used with burying cave for the farm organic fertilizers such as the sheep excrement through fully fermenting, chicken manure, cow dung, pig manure or stalk are inserted in liner after 1:3.5 mixes, every strain haloxylon ammondendron 1.2 kilograms, then fills out sandy soil and is filled to a grade seed frame place and forms a slope; Then, after cistanche deserticola seed and sandy soil being mixed thoroughly with the ratio of weight ratio 1:180, be evenly scattered on above-mentioned slope.The sandy soil taken out when digging cave are evenly inserted liner; And by the gap uniformity backfill between liner and urceolus, the mulch film uniform-compression that liner is wrapped up in case cause hole institute covering film damaged, fill out sandy soil and be advisable to cheating high 2/3; Then give the handle 4 of liner and the handle 6 evenly firmly lift of urceolus respectively, the two is transferred to successively in hole, completes hole overlay film; Water to hole, fully permeate with the sandy soil in overlay film hole and fertilizer and be advisable; Cover above hole after having watered water and bury sandy soil to higher than opening hole plane 20 ㎝, complete a strain saline cistanche inoculation job.Connect spot watering at planting 1 time, without the need to watering after inoculation, the moisture possessed in hole is enough to the needs meeting desert cistanche seed germination, grow, and a mu water consumption reduces 95 cubic metres compared with conventional vaccination saline cistanche method, and per mu yield improves 20 kilograms.

Claims (9)

1. mulch film covers a method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: specifically comprise the following steps:
A) woods is selected: select sacsaoul line-spacing 3 ~ 4 meters, spacing in the rows 1 ~ 2 meter, high more than the 1 meter eugonic Cakcayr Forest of plant;
B) determine cave: at the downwind side of every strain haloxylon ammondendron prevailing wind direction, apart from sacsaoul plant 40 ~ 50 ㎝ place, determine the position of inoculating cistanche salsa hole;
C) dig cave: determining position, cave hand excavation's hole, described hole size is according to mould urceolus size excavation;
D) mould is put: be placed on by mould urceolus in the hole dug, for stopping that sandy soil are scattered in hole around, liner, towards sacsaoul plant, then by liner end opening and liner periphery a slice mulch film parcel, loads in urceolus after parcel by the opening of described urceolus;
E) apply fertilizer: insert in liner with sandy soil by fertilizer after 1:2.5 ~ 1:3.5 mixes, every strain haloxylon ammondendron adds 0.5 ~ 1.5 kilogram, and the shelves seed frame place that then interpolation sandy soil are filled in liner forms a slope;
F) sow: cistanche deserticola seed is mixed with sandy soil, between the seed block plate being then evenly scattered in step e slope;
G) bury hole: the sandy soil taken out when digging cave are evenly inserted liner, simultaneously by the gap uniformity backfill between liner and urceolus, make the mulch film pressurized of liner outer wrapping evenly in case cause mulch film damaged;
H) delivery: evenly firmly liner and urceolus are transferred to successively in hole, complete hole overlay film;
I) water: water to hole, the sandy soil in overlay film hole and fertilizer are fully permeated;
J) bury soil: cover above the hole after watering and bury the thick sandy soil of 10 ~ 20 ㎝, a strain saline cistanche inoculation job completes.
2. a kind of mulch film according to claim 1 covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: determine that the hole of inoculating cistanche salsa is 1 under the every strain haloxylon ammondendron described in step b.
3. a kind of mulch film according to claim 1 covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: the fertilizer described in step e is that farm organic fertilizer is through the sheep excrement of fully fermentation, chicken manure, cow dung, pig manure or agricultural crop straw.
4. a kind of mulch film according to claim 1 covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: the cistanche deserticola seed described in step f mixes by weight 1:180 ~ 1:220 with sandy soil.
5. a mulch film covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: form by urceolus with the liner of its adaptation, described urceolus is square tube, described liner is quadra, bottom in this quadra is provided with shelves seed frame obliquely, described shelves seed frame is made up of the seed block plate be parallel to each other, described seed block plate and liner plane perpendicular.
6. a kind of mulch film according to claim 5 covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: described urceolus is the square tube of long 40 ㎝, wide 30 ㎝, high 70 ㎝, and described liner is the quadra of long 38 ㎝, wide 28 ㎝, high 72 ㎝.
7. a kind of mulch film according to claim 5 covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: described seed block plate has 4 and equally distributes.
8. a kind of mulch film according to claim 5 covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: the gradient of described shelves seed frame is 45 degree.
9. a kind of mulch film according to claim 5 covers the device of cave artificial cistanche inoculation, it is characterized in that: described urceolus and the top of liner are all provided with handle.
CN201410294213.XA 2014-06-27 2014-06-27 A kind of mulch film covers the method for cave artificial cistanche inoculation Active CN104025886B (en)

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CN104472186B (en) * 2014-12-10 2017-06-13 新疆林科院造林治沙研究所 Artificial growth saline cistanche liquid inoculation method
CN104920053B (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-12-15 芜湖砻坊生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the saline cistanche of Rich in Trace Element
CN107484456B (en) * 2017-07-26 2021-01-12 甘肃汇勤生物科技有限公司 Cultivation method for improving yield and quality of cistanche
CN110150042A (en) * 2018-03-12 2019-08-23 甘肃省青土湖沙产业开发有限公司 A kind of artificial cistanche inoculation method in control of desert

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