CN209089552U - A kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor - Google Patents

A kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209089552U
CN209089552U CN201821509346.4U CN201821509346U CN209089552U CN 209089552 U CN209089552 U CN 209089552U CN 201821509346 U CN201821509346 U CN 201821509346U CN 209089552 U CN209089552 U CN 209089552U
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arc
frame
layers
column
layer
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刘兴满
葛金涛
赵文静
曹燕妮
缪美华
封士达
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Lianyungang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Lianyungang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of four layers of arc frames for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, four layers of arc frame include in column arranged vertically and horizontally (1), two or more columns (1) are in line fixed embedded, and four layers of arc cross-arm (2) are all equipped in each column (1), frame frame face is connected to form using drag-line (3) between same layer arc cross-arm (2) on every row column (1), the terrain clearance in first layer frame frame face is 50-80cm, the terrain clearance in second layer frame frame face is 100-130cm, the terrain clearance in third layer frame frame face is 150-180cm, the terrain clearance in the 4th layer of frame frame face is 210-240cm.The advantages of four layers of arc scaffolding structure of sweet cherry provided by the utility model remain single layer plane scaffolding structure, sound construction and method of construction simple and flexible, can control orchard flower and fruit management working space, improve labor efficiency and advantageously reduce orchard management cost.

Description

A kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor
Technical field
The utility model relates to sweet cherry cultivation technique, specifically a kind of sound construction, method of construction simple and flexible, Orchard flower and fruit management working space can be controlled and reduce by four layers of arc for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor of orchard management cost Frame.
Background technique
The cultivation of sweet cherry hedge wall type is the advanced cultivation technique that developed country's eighties in last century rises.It is taken Narrow row is away from big spacing in the rows makees the novel Planting density mode supported with castatopsis fissa frame body.The tree-like advantage of castatopsis fissa is first is that forming Fastly, planting density is big, early high-yield;It is suitble to power choring management, labour cost can be largely reduced;Tree structure is simple, repairs Standard size is cut all to quantify.But castatopsis fissa is tree-like, and each tree needs to cultivate four layers of tree crown, and Crown Structure culture is difficult, later period tree Gesture balance is difficult to control;Land utilization ratio is low, facility investment is big and low output, these problems cause hedge wall shape it is tree-like promote by Limit.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in view of the problems of the existing technology, to provide a kind of sound construction, method of construction letter Single four for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor flexible, that orchard flower and fruit management working space and reduction orchard management cost can be controlled Layer arc frame.
The purpose of this utility model solves by the following technical programs:
A kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: four layers of arc frame packet It includes in column arranged vertically and horizontally, two or more columns are in line to fix and bury, and four layers of arc are all equipped in each column Cross-arm is connected to form frame frame face using drag-line between the same layer arc cross-arm on every row column, first layer frame frame face Terrain clearance is 50-80cm, the terrain clearance in second layer frame frame face is 100-130cm, the liftoff height in third layer frame frame face Degree is 150-180cm, the terrain clearance in the 4th layer of frame frame face is 210-240cm.
The entirety of the arc cross-arm is in intermediate double arc structures low, both ends are high.
The arc cross-arm is that centre is low, both ends are high and intermediate whole double arc knots that convex is all presented to either end Structure;Or the arc cross-arm be symmetricly set on column two sides middle part is convex, the arc frame of both ends height not etc. is constituted, The low side of the arc frame is fixedly connected with column and high-end is extending outwardly away from column.
The top of the column is equipped with an intermediate arc upper frame high, both ends are low, and the span of arc upper frame compares arc The big 20-100% of the span of cross-arm, and the card slot of south-north direction is installed on the both ends of arc upper frame, in circlip pressure on card slot Film constitutes ceiling.
The arc cross-arm and arc upper frame select the round steel pipe of wall thickness 2-3mm, long 100-150cm.
The quantity of the drag-line is 3-5 root.
A piece drag-line is located at the middle part of arc cross-arm, two drag-lines are separately connected the end of same layer arc cross-arm;Or Double arc tops of arc cross-arm respectively add a drag-line.
The drag-line is steel wire, galvanized wire or support film line.
The quantity of every row column is 8-20 root, and the spacing for column of going together is spacing 3-10m and the column spacing of adjacent rows is 3-6m。
The total length of the column is 3-3.5 meters, and column selects the concrete column that cross section is 12cmX12cm or specification is (4-6cm) * (6-10cm), the rectangular steel pipe that wall thickness is 2-3mm.
The utility model has the following advantages compared with prior art:
The advantages of four layers of arc scaffolding structure of sweet cherry provided by the utility model remain single layer plane scaffolding structure, and And sound construction, method of construction is simple, flexible, can reduce expenses;Using four layers of arc scaffolding structure, orchard flowers and fruits pipe can control Working space is managed, saves labor, improves labor efficiency;It is gentle to be applicable not only to level land for the frame face structure covered using the garden Fei Quan Hillside fields with being also applied for the gentle slope of hypsography or hillside fields of the gradient less than 15 °, while not interfering the use of Machinery for orchard, Advantageously reduce orchard management cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is schematic diagram inside four layers of arc frame single structure of the invention;
Attached drawing 2 is that (circle in figure indicates the cultivation of cherry tree to four layers of arc frame planar structure schematic diagram of multirow of the invention Kind position);
Attached drawing 3 is the side elevation structural schematic diagram that four layers of arc frame of the invention are combined with cherry tree.
Wherein: 1-column;2-arc cross-arms;3-drag-lines;4-arc upper frames.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described with embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figs. 1-3: a kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, four layers of arc frame include in vertical The column 1 of horizontally-arranged column, two or more columns 1 are in line to fix and bury, and four layers of arc cross-arm are all equipped in each column 1 2, frame frame face is connected to form using drag-line 3 between the same layer arc cross-arm 2 on every row column 1, for the ease of flower and fruit management, It fully and rationally uses space and improves labour efficiency, the terrain clearance in first layer frame frame face is 50-80cm, second layer frame frame The terrain clearance in face is 100-130cm, the terrain clearance in third layer frame frame face is 150-180cm, the 4th layer of frame frame face Terrain clearance is 210-240cm.The entirety of above-mentioned arc cross-arm 2 is in intermediate double arc structures low, both ends are high: arc cross-arm 2 is Centre is low, both ends are high and intermediate whole double arc structures that convex is all presented to either end;Or the arc cross-arm 2 is pair Claim to be arranged in 1 two sides of column middle part is convex, the arc frame of both ends height not etc. is constituted, the low side and column 1 of the arc frame are solid Fixed connection and high-end it is extending outwardly away from column 1;Steel wire, galvanized wire ask the quantity of the thread drag-line 3 of film for 3-5 root. A piece drag-line 3 is located at the middle part of arc cross-arm 2, two drag-lines 3 are separately connected the end of same layer arc cross-arm 2;Or in arc Double arc tops of cross-arm 2 respectively add a drag-line 3.In addition one intermediate arc high, both ends are low is installed on the top of column 1 The span of upper frame 4, arc upper frame 4 is 20-100% bigger than the span of arc cross-arm 2, and south is installed on the both ends of arc upper frame 4 The card slot of north trend presses upper film to constitute ceiling on card slot, is simply taken shelter from rain, prevent dehiscent fruit with circlip;Colleague frame top Entirety or fragment draw anti-bird net, conditional to draw fly net, reduce disease pest bird and cause harm.
In order to guarantee that intensity and the frame of scaffolding structure face yield, the load capacity of branches and leaves weight, the quantity of every row column 1 The spacing of 8-20 root, colleague's adjacent columns 1 is 3-10m, and 4m is optimal.Specifically, for level land or not hypsography gentle slope Ground, column quantity 10-20 root;The hilly upland for being 15 ° or so for the gradient, column quantity 8-10 root.The preferred steel wire of drag-line 3, Galvanized wire or support film line.In order to sufficiently irradiate sunlight, increase effectively photosynthetic accumulation, drag-line direction is north-south, more than two rows Scaffolding structure it is arranged in parallel, line space 3-6m, 4m is optimal.Selection for column 1, arc cross-arm 2 and arc upper frame 4, The total length of column 1 be 3-3.5 meter, aerial part length be 2.7m, can be selected cross section for 12cmX12cm concrete column or Specification is rectangle (hot galvanizing) steel pipe of (4-6cm) * (6-10cm), wall thickness 2-3mm, the hot dip of specification 4*6cm, wall thickness 3mm Zinc square tube is best;Arc cross-arm 2 and arc upper frame 4 select circle (hot galvanizing) steel pipe of wall thickness 2-3mm, long 100-150cm, in Between it is low, both ends are high;Four drag-line 3(steel wires, galvanized wire or support film line) uniformly it is fixed on curved steel tube.
Four layers of arc frame can be used in the staggered floor cultivation of sweet cherry, which includes the cherry in field planting Four layers of frame are built in garden, point spaced odd-level tree and even level tree, the major branch of odd-level tree exist in same line of trees One, three layers of frame frame are looked unfamiliar length, and the major branch of adjacent even level tree is looked unfamiliar length, odd-level tree and even number in two, four layers of frame frame The alternately staggered floor plant of layer tree, odd-level tree dwarfing rootstock and even level tree vigorous stock.The cultural method of odd-level tree is detailed , the grafting that survives of field planting thin step are as follows: 1), trunk cutting strunk at a certain distance under away from first layer frame frame face stays 3-5 on top A healthy and strong, full bud simultaneously all erases lower part bud;2), bud sprout Cheng Zhihou, only stay top 3 branches and remove it is extra Branch, a branch of top as two branches of trunk culture and lower part as major branch culture, to cultivate first layer Tree crown;3), First Year winter-spring season, by trunk at a certain distance under away from third layer frame frame face cutting back, according to step 1), step 2) method culture third layer tree crown;And the major branch point north and south both direction of first layer tree crown is fixed on corresponding first layer canopy On frame frame face;4), second year, at interval of one side shoot of 30-50cm alternate culture on the major branch of first layer tree crown, side shoot is bind to On first layer frame frame face, each 4-8 fruit-bearing shoot cluster of side shoot alternate culture, it is adjacent between fruit-bearing shoot cluster distance be 20-40cm; And the major branch point north and south both direction of third layer tree crown is fixed on corresponding third layer frame frame face;5), according to step 4) Side shoot and fruit-bearing shoot cluster cultural method in middle first layer tree crown remove the side shoot and fruit-bearing shoot cluster in culture third layer tree crown.Even number The cultural method detailed step of layer tree are as follows: 1), be colonized the grafting survived, trunk certain distance under away from second layer frame frame face Locate cutting strunk, 3-5 healthy and strong, full bud is stayed on top and lower part bud is all erased;2), bud sprouts Cheng Zhihou, only stays the 3 of top A branch simultaneously removes extra branch, and a branch of top is trained as two branches of trunk culture and lower part as major branch It supports, to cultivate second layer tree crown;3), First Year winter-spring season, by trunk at a certain distance under away from the 4th layer of frame frame face cutting back, According to the 4th layer of tree crown of method culture of step 1), step 2;And the major branch point north and south both direction of second layer tree crown is fixed On corresponding second layer frame frame face;4), second year, at interval of 30-50cm alternate culture on the major branch of second layer tree crown One side shoot, side shoot are bind on second layer frame frame face, each 4-8 fruit-bearing shoot cluster of side shoot alternate culture, adjacent fruitful branch The distance of group is 20-40cm;And the major branch point north and south both direction of the 4th layer of tree crown is fixed on corresponding 4th layer of frame frame On face;5), third year, according in step 4) in second layer tree crown side shoot and fruit-bearing shoot cluster cultural method go culture the 4th layer tree Side shoot and fruit-bearing shoot cluster in hat.
Certain distance in above-mentioned cultural method is 8-12cm, and it is 25-35cm that bud, which is sprouted into the branch length of branch,.Odd number The trunk height of layer tree and even level tree is no more than its top layer tree crown 50-55cm.When the horizontal major branch of adjacent two trees of same layer When long extremely intersection, winter current year grafts the branch of intersection to together, it is not allowed to continue to extend, and avoids branch from extending every year, phase Mutually block and waste nutrient;The connection between tree is set simultaneously, is formed and is closed whole, share moisture and nutrient.
The advantages of four layers of arc scaffolding structure of sweet cherry provided by the utility model remain single layer plane scaffolding structure, and And sound construction, method of construction is simple, flexible, can reduce expenses;Using four layers of arc scaffolding structure, orchard flowers and fruits pipe can control Working space is managed, saves labor, improves labor efficiency;It is gentle to be applicable not only to level land for the frame face structure covered using the garden Fei Quan Hillside fields with being also applied for the gentle slope of hypsography or hillside fields of the gradient less than 15 °, while not interfering the use of Machinery for orchard, Advantageously reduce orchard management cost.
Above embodiments are only to illustrate the technical idea of the utility model, and the protection model of the utility model cannot be limited with this Enclose, it is all according to the utility model proposes technical idea, any changes made on the basis of the technical scheme each falls within this reality Within the scope of novel protected;The technology that the utility model is not directed to can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: four layers of arc frame include In column arranged vertically and horizontally (1), two or more columns (1) are in line to fix and bury, and four are all equipped in each column (1) Layer arc cross-arm (2) is connected to form frame frame using drag-line (3) between the same layer arc cross-arm (2) on every row column (1) Face, the terrain clearance in first layer frame frame face is 50-80cm, the terrain clearance in second layer frame frame face is 100-130cm, third The terrain clearance in layer frame frame face is 150-180cm, the terrain clearance in the 4th layer of frame frame face is 210-240cm.
2. four layers of arc frame according to claim 1 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: the arc The entirety of cross-arm (2) is in intermediate double arc structures low, both ends are high.
3. four layers of arc frame according to claim 2 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: the arc Shape cross-arm (2) is that centre is low, both ends are high and intermediate whole double arc structures that convex is all presented to either end;Or the arc Shape cross-arm (2) be symmetricly set on column (1) two sides middle part is convex, the arc frame of both ends height not etc. is constituted, the arc frame Low side be fixedly connected with column (1) and high-end be extending outwardly away from column (1).
4. four layers of arc frame according to claim 1 to 3 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: institute The top for stating column (1) is equipped with an intermediate arc upper frame (4) high, both ends are low, and the span of arc upper frame (4) is than arc cross The big 20-100% of span of (2) is carried on a shoulder pole, and the card slot of south-north direction is installed on the both ends of arc upper frame (4), uses circlip on card slot Film constitutes ceiling in pressure.
5. four layers of arc frame according to claim 4 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: the arc Shape cross-arm (2) and arc upper frame (4) select the round steel pipe of wall thickness 2-3mm, long 100-150cm.
6. four layers of arc frame according to claim 1 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: the drag-line (3) quantity is 3-5 root.
7. four layers of arc frame according to claim 6 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: a drag-line (3) end of same layer arc cross-arm (2) is separately connected positioned at the middle part of arc cross-arm (2), two drag-lines (3);Or in arc Double arc tops of cross-arm (2) respectively add a drag-line (3).
8. according to claim 1,6,7 any four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: The drag-line (3) is steel wire, galvanized wire or support film line.
9. four layers of arc frame according to claim 1 for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: every row column (1) quantity is 8-20 root, and the spacing of colleague column (1) is spacing 3-10m and column (1) spacing of adjacent rows is 3-6m.
10. the four layers of arc frame cultivated according to claim 1 or described in 9 for sweet cherry staggered floor, it is characterised in that: described The total length of column (1) is 3-3.5 meters, and column (1) selects the concrete column that cross section is 12cmX12cm or specification is (4- 6cm) * (6-10cm), the rectangular steel pipe that wall thickness is 2-3mm.
CN201821509346.4U 2018-09-16 2018-09-16 A kind of four layers of arc frame for the cultivation of sweet cherry staggered floor Active CN209089552U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583338A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 浙江省农业科学院 Cultivation method for sweet cherries in south

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583338A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 浙江省农业科学院 Cultivation method for sweet cherries in south

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