CN204482558U - The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross - Google Patents

The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204482558U
CN204482558U CN201420814550.2U CN201420814550U CN204482558U CN 204482558 U CN204482558 U CN 204482558U CN 201420814550 U CN201420814550 U CN 201420814550U CN 204482558 U CN204482558 U CN 204482558U
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China
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cross
arm
centimetres
grape trellis
arrangement
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CN201420814550.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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吴建祥
李成平
顾信河
尹棣棣
周裕伟
张从宽
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Abstract

The utility model provides the two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, belong to grape culture technology field, comprise some root posts, column is disposed with the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm from bottom to up, column is also provided with through wires hole and underpass hole, upper through wires hole is between the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm, and underpass hole is positioned at the below of the first cross-arm.Bracing wire has respectively been set up in the two ends of the first cross-arm and the two ends of the second cross-arm, is respectively equipped with bracing wire in upper through wires hole and underpass hole, is connected between two adjacent columns by the bracing wire of correspondence position.The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that the utility model provides enhances photosynthetic intensity, adds leaf curtain photosynthetic area, improves vintage, improve outcome quality.

Description

The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross
Technical field
The utility model relates to grape culture technology field, in particular to the two V-arrangement grape trellis of one list cross.
Background technology
The grape trellis of cultivating for grape is at present generally diesis wishbone, and this support body forms the frame strain combining structure pattern of three-dimensional individual layer result, instead of the Developmental Status that traditional frame, single hedge frame and two hedge frame are produced.But this diesis wishbone is single result, yields poorly, and plant daylighting is poor, and outcome quality is poor.
Utility model content
The utility model provides the two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, and be intended to improve the vintage adopting existing grape trellis to cultivate low, plant daylighting is poor, the problem that outcome quality is poor.
The utility model is achieved in that
The two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, comprises some root posts;
Described column is disposed with the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm from bottom to up, described column is also provided with through wires hole and underpass hole, described upper through wires hole is between described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm, and described underpass hole is positioned at the below of described first cross-arm;
Bracing wire has respectively been set up in the two ends of described first cross-arm and the two ends of described second cross-arm, is respectively equipped with bracing wire in described upper through wires hole and described underpass hole, is connected between two adjacent described columns by the bracing wire of correspondence position.
Further, described first cross-arm is equal with the length of described second cross-arm.The not only good looking appearance of structure, is conducive to the operation of grape pruning simultaneously.
Further, the length of described first cross-arm is 80 ~ 100 centimetres, and the length of described second cross-arm is 80 ~ 100 centimetres.Be conducive to strengthening photosynthetic intensity, increase leaf curtain photosynthetic area.
Further, described first cross-arm is 80 ~ 100 centimetres apart from the height on ground, described second cross-arm is 160 ~ 180 centimetres apart from the height on ground, described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm spacing are 70 ~ 90 centimetres, the distance of described underpass hole and described first cross-arm is 20 ~ 40 centimetres, and the distance of described upper through wires hole and described second cross-arm is 20 ~ 40 centimetres.
By the reasonable setting of each distance, improve the ventilation and penetrating light of support body, damage by disease and insect and sun burn can be reduced; Increase the spacing between wishbone and lower wishbone, add the spreading angle of wishbone, decrease the closing that grape branch is climing.
Further, all outward-dipping near the column on limit, grape garden four, and all by earth anchorage in ground, all the other columns are all vertically installed on ground.By by the outward-dipping setting of column near limit, grape garden four, enable described bracing wire more tight, make grape trellis structure more firm.
Further, outward-dipping described column and the angle on ground are 50 ° ~ 75 °.Make the angle of inclination of described column more reasonable, be conducive to bracing wire described in tensioning, and make grape trellis structure more firm.
Further, the two V-arrangement grape trellis of described single cross also comprises rain-proof layer, and described rain-proof layer is arranged at the top of described column.
By arranging described rain-proof layer, can rain be blocked when rainy, avoiding impacting plant; When not raining, can dismantle, not affecting plant and exposing to sunlight.
Further, described column is high 240 ~ 260 centimetres.Can better to the structure on described column and its supporting role of plant.
Further, the spacing between adjacent two described columns is 3.5 ~ 4.5 meters.Be conducive to the ventilation of plant, improve availability in soil, improve fruit output.
Further, described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm all adopt the iron pipe of the angle bar of 4 centimetres * 4 centimetres or external diameter more than 2.5 centimetres to make.Make described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm structure more firm.
The utility model provides the two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, is provided with some root posts; Column is disposed with the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm from bottom to up, column is also provided with through wires hole and underpass hole, and upper through wires hole is between the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm, and underpass hole is positioned at the below of the first cross-arm.Bracing wire has respectively been set up in the two ends of the first cross-arm and the two ends of the second cross-arm, is respectively equipped with bracing wire in upper through wires hole and underpass hole, is connected between two adjacent columns by the bracing wire of correspondence position.
When using the two V-arrangement grape trellis of this single cross to carry out grape cultivation, First Year plants seedling, first trunk is cultivated, to select and remain 1 strong tip, when height of seedling 48 ~ 68 centimetres, pinching is pinched, base portion sublateral shoot is removed, stay 3, top sublateral shoot, middle sublateral shoot is cultivated as the trunk of the second layer, both sides sublateral shoot is cultivated as ground floor arm branch, both sides first bracing wire respectively to upper through wires hole place is drawn and is tied up, become the climing major branch of both arms of ground floor wishbone, trunk as the second layer cultivates middle sublateral shoot, pinching when growing to liftoff 125 ~ 145 centimetres, stay 2, top sublateral shoot, cultivate as second layer arm branch, both sides second bracing wire respectively to underpass hole place is drawn and is tied up, become the climing major branch of both arms of second layer wishbone, draw the sublateral shoot tiing up the climing upper rudiment of rear two-layer arm can let alone growth and need not manage.Carry out middle long cane pruning according to the degree of aging of branch when the annual winter cuts and tie up slowly horizontal for bearing basal shoot bar in the bracing wire in upper through wires hole and underpass hole, bearing basal shoot tip re-posted is also harmless.The young sprout sprouted next year divides two limits to tie up the tip in " V " font in the bracing wire at the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm two ends, simultaneously young sprout also complete crown bear fruit, improve output vintage.
Therefore the beneficial effect of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross of providing of the utility model is:
1. enhance photosynthetic intensity, add leaf curtain photosynthetic area, and there is two-layer cultivation, improve vintage, improve outcome quality.
2. can strengthen ventilation and penetrating light, reduce damage by disease and insect and sun burn; Increase branch spreading angle, decrease the closing that grape branch is climing.
3. improve photosynthetic efficiency, improve land output efficiency, grape ventilation strip, illumination band and result band are obvious simultaneously, are conducive to planned production, guarantee fruit quality.
4. be more conducive to ventilating and printing opacity field operational administrative.
5. effectively simplify trim mode, the preferred leeway of fruit bearing shoot is large, also prevents setting fruit position from rising, causes bottom baldness.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment below, be to be understood that, the following drawings illustrate only some embodiment of the present utility model, therefore the restriction to scope should be counted as, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other relevant accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
The structural representation of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment 1;
The structural representation of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model embodiment 2;
The scheme of installation of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 3 provides for the utility model embodiment 2;
The structural representation of the rain-proof layer of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 4 provides for the utility model embodiment 2.
Reference numeral gathers:
Column 101; First cross-arm 102; Second cross-arm 103; Upper through wires hole 104; Underpass hole 105; Bracing wire 106; Rain-proof layer 107.
Embodiment
The present utility model people finds when cultivating grape, and existing diesis wishbone is the frame strain combining structure pattern of three-dimensional individual layer result, and have single result, yield poorly, plant daylighting is poor, the problem that outcome quality is poor.
Given this, the present utility model people devises the two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, by arranging some root posts 101, column 101 arranges the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 two cross-arms, between the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103, through wires hole 104 is set, below first cross-arm 102, underpass hole 105 is set, and the two ends of two cross-arms, on through wires hole 104 and underpass hole 105 bracing wire 106 is set respectively, form the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross with the strain of dual-layer stereo result frame of " column two cross-arm six bracing wire " thus.Adopt the two V-arrangement grape trellis of this single cross to cultivate grape, enhance photosynthetic intensity, add leaf curtain photosynthetic area, and there is two-layer cultivation, improve vintage, improve outcome quality.
For making the object of the utility model embodiment, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.The assembly of the utility model embodiment describing and illustrate in usual accompanying drawing herein can be arranged with various different configuration and design.Therefore, below to the detailed description of the embodiment of the present utility model provided in the accompanying drawings and the claimed scope of the present utility model of not intended to be limiting, but selected embodiment of the present utility model is only represented.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
Embodiment 1
The structural representation of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment 1; Refer to Fig. 1, the utility model example 1 provides the two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, and the two V-arrangement grape trellis of this single cross comprises some root posts 101.
Column 101 is disposed with the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 from bottom to up, column 101 is also provided with through wires hole 104 and underpass hole 105, upper through wires hole 104 is between the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103, and underpass hole 105 is positioned at the below of the first cross-arm 102;
A bracing wire 106 has respectively been set up at the two ends of the first cross-arm 102 and the two ends of the second cross-arm 103, is respectively equipped with between a bracing wire 106, two adjacent columns 101 and is connected by the bracing wire 106 of correspondence position in upper through wires hole 104 and underpass hole 105.Many root posts 101 are connected to form a line, and multirow column 101 is disposed in garden.
The length of the first cross-arm 102 is 80 ~ 100 centimetres, and the length of the second cross-arm 103 is 80 ~ 100 centimetres.Be conducive to strengthening photosynthetic intensity, increase leaf curtain photosynthetic area.
The bracing wire 106 at the first cross-arm 102 two ends, the bracing wire 106 in underpass hole 105 form ground floor wishbone, and the bracing wire 106 at the second cross-arm 103 two ends, the bracing wire 106 of upper through wires hole 104 form second layer wishbone.
When using the two V-arrangement grape trellis of this single cross to carry out grape cultivation, First Year plants seedling, first trunk is cultivated, to select and remain 1 strong tip, when height of seedling 48 ~ 68 centimetres (preferably 58 centimetres), pinching is pinched, base portion sublateral shoot is removed, stay 3, top sublateral shoot, middle sublateral shoot is cultivated as the trunk of the second layer, both sides sublateral shoot is cultivated as ground floor arm branch, both sides first bracing wire 106 respectively to upper through wires hole 104 place is drawn and is tied up, become the climing major branch of both arms of ground floor wishbone, trunk as the second layer cultivates middle sublateral shoot, pinching when growing to liftoff 125 ~ 145 centimetres (preferably 135 centimetres), stay 2, top sublateral shoot, cultivate as second layer arm branch, both sides second bracing wire 106 respectively to underpass hole 105 place is drawn and is tied up, become the climing major branch of both arms of second layer wishbone, draw the sublateral shoot tiing up the climing upper rudiment of rear two-layer arm can let alone growth and need not manage.Carry out middle long cane pruning according to the degree of aging of branch when the annual winter cuts and tie up slowly horizontal for bearing basal shoot bar in the bracing wire 106 in upper through wires hole 104 and underpass hole 105, bearing basal shoot tip re-posted is also harmless.The young sprout sprouted next year divides two limits to be in the shape of the letter V to tie up the tip in the bracing wire 106 at the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 two ends, simultaneously young sprout also complete crown bear fruit, improve output vintage.
Therefore the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that the present embodiment provides enhances photosynthetic intensity, adds leaf curtain photosynthetic area, and has two-layer cultivation, improve vintage, improve outcome quality.
The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that the present embodiment provides both may be used for grape, also may be used for cultivating other lianes, such as kiwi fruit.
Embodiment 2
The structural representation of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model embodiment 2; Refer to Fig. 2, the utility model embodiment 2 provides the two V-arrangement grape trellis of a kind of single cross, the two V-arrangement grape trellis of this single cross comprises all technical characteristic of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that embodiment 1 provides, and the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that embodiment 2 provides also comprises following technical characteristic:
Refer to Fig. 2, the first cross-arm 102 is equal with the length of the second cross-arm 103.The not only good looking appearance of structure, is conducive to the operation of grape pruning simultaneously.
As preferably, in the present embodiment, the length of the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 is 90 centimetres.Be conducive to strengthening photosynthetic intensity, increase leaf curtain photosynthetic area.
Refer to Fig. 2, first cross-arm 102 is 80 ~ 100 centimetres apart from the height on ground, second cross-arm 103 is 160 ~ 180 centimetres apart from the height on ground, first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 spacing are 70 ~ 90 centimetres, the distance of underpass hole 105 and the first cross-arm 102 is 20 ~ 40 centimetres, and the distance of upper through wires hole 104 and the second cross-arm 103 is 20 ~ 40 centimetres.
By the reasonable setting of each distance, improve the ventilation and penetrating light of support body, damage by disease and insect and sun burn can be reduced; Increase the spacing between ground floor wishbone and second layer wishbone, add the spreading angle of wishbone, decrease the closing that grape branch is climing.
As preferably, in the present embodiment, first cross-arm 102 is 90 centimetres apart from the height on ground, second cross-arm 103 is 170 centimetres apart from the height on ground, first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 spacing are 80 centimetres, the distance of underpass hole 105 and the first cross-arm 102 is 30 centimetres, and the distance of upper through wires hole 104 and the second cross-arm 103 is 30 centimetres.So underpass hole 105 is 60 centimetres with the distance on ground, and upper through wires hole 104 is 140 centimetres with the distance on ground.Second cross-arm 103 is set to 170 centimetres apart from the height on ground, makes support body height more meet the reasonable optimum height of human body operation.Make branch spreading angle be 56.3 degree, increase branch spreading angle, advantageously in decreasing the climing closing of grape branch.
The scheme of installation of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 3 provides for the utility model embodiment 2; Refer to Fig. 3, all outward-dipping near the column 101 on limit, grape garden four, and all by earth anchorage in ground, all the other columns 101 are all vertically installed on ground.By by near the outward-dipping setting of column 101 on limit, grape garden four, make bracing wire 106 can be more tight, make grape trellis structure more firm.
Outward-dipping column 101 is 50 ° ~ 75 ° with the angle on ground.As preferably, angle of inclination is 60 °.Make the angle of inclination of column 101 more reasonable, be conducive to tensioning bracing wire 106, and make grape trellis structure more firm.
The structural representation of the rain-proof layer 107 of the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that Fig. 4 provides for the utility model embodiment 2; Refer to Fig. 4, the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross also comprises rain-proof layer 107, and rain-proof layer 107 is arranged at the top of column 101.Rain-proof layer 107 generally adopts rain cover film, only need be layed on column 101.
By arranging rain-proof layer 107, can rain be blocked when rainy, avoiding impacting plant; When not raining, can dismantle, not affecting plant and exposing to sunlight.
Refer to Fig. 2, column 101 is high 240 ~ 260 centimetres.As preferably, column 101 is high 250 centimetres.Can structure better on column 101 and its supporting role of plant.
Refer to Fig. 3, the spacing between adjacent two root posts 101 is 3.5 ~ 4.5 meters.As preferably, spacing is 4 meters.Be conducive to the ventilation of plant, improve availability in soil, improve fruit output.
First cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 all adopt the iron pipe of the angle bar of 4 centimetres * 4 centimetres or external diameter more than 2.5 centimetres to make.Make the first cross-arm 102 and the second cross-arm 103 structure more firm.
Bracing wire 106 adopts less than No. 13 iron wires to make, and branch is drawn and ties up to bracing wire 106, its better effects if be wound around.
Refer to Fig. 3, when the present embodiment provides the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross to be installed in garden, the column 101 on limit, garden four is outward-dipping, and draws earth anchor, other columns 101 are all vertically installed, column 101 is high 250 centimetres, is generally square concrete column, and specification is 10*10 centimetre, one is buried underground every 4 meters, 60 centimetres, underground imbedded by column 101, line-spacing 250 centimetres, spacing in the rows 200 centimetres.North and south row is planted.
In prior art, also have a kind of grape cultivation special pair of V layer illumination rack, the structure of this pair of V layer illumination rack is actually and is overlapped by two diesis wishbones of the prior art, forms the grape trellis with two V layer.
The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that the present embodiment provides is compared with this pair of V layer illumination rack, decrease two with cross-arm, four road iron wires, the support body decreasing ventilation and penetrating light stops the factor, tune up the spacing between upper wishbone and lower wishbone, add the spreading angle of wishbone, it is 170 centimetres by support body height, meet the reasonable optimum height of human body operation, the bearing basal shoot tip after pruning when the annual winter cuts simultaneously is all bundled into underpass hole 105, on the iron wire of upper through wires hole 104, effectively can simplify trim mode, the preferred leeway of fruit bearing shoot is large, also prevent setting fruit position from rising, cause bottom baldness.
In sum, the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross that the present embodiment provides has the following advantages:
1. can strengthen photosynthetic intensity, branches and tendrils all can light, adds leaf curtain photosynthetic area one times on year-on-year basis in diesis wishbone;
2. can improve rudiment power, the branches and tendrils stayed are generally 6 joints, often save and all can obtain better growing conditions;
3. can strengthen ventilation and penetrating light, reduce damage by disease and insect and sun burn, on year-on-year basis in grape cultivation special pair of V layer illumination rack, increase upper and lower two cross-arm spacing, branch spreading angle is 56.3 degree, decreases the closing that grape branch is climing;
4. owing to improve photosynthetic efficiency, the vintage of unit are is doubled under the prerequisite not affecting quality, improves land output efficiency greatly, and grape ventilation strip, illumination band and result band are obvious simultaneously, be conducive to planned production, guarantee fruit quality;
5. support body height more meets the reasonable optimum height of human body operation;
6. the first cross-arm 102 and the vertical interval of upper through wires hole 104 are from being 50 centimetres, i.e. bilevel spacing is more conducive to ventilate and printing opacity field operational administrative;
7. carry out middle long cane pruning when the annual winter cuts and tie up in the bracing wire 106 in upper through wires hole 104 and underpass hole 105 by slowly horizontal for bearing basal shoot bar, bearing basal shoot tip re-posted is also harmless, effectively can simplify trim mode, and the preferred leeway of fruit bearing shoot is large, also prevent setting fruit position from rising, cause bottom baldness.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross, is characterized in that, comprise some root posts;
Described column is disposed with the first cross-arm and the second cross-arm from bottom to up, described column is also provided with through wires hole and underpass hole, described upper through wires hole is between described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm, and described underpass hole is positioned at the below of described first cross-arm;
Bracing wire has respectively been set up in the two ends of described first cross-arm and the two ends of described second cross-arm, is respectively equipped with bracing wire in described upper through wires hole and described underpass hole, is connected between two adjacent described columns by the bracing wire of correspondence position.
2. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first cross-arm is equal with the length of described second cross-arm.
3. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the length of described first cross-arm is 80 ~ 100 centimetres, and the length of described second cross-arm is 80 ~ 100 centimetres.
4. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first cross-arm is 80 ~ 100 centimetres apart from the height on ground, described second cross-arm is 160 ~ 180 centimetres apart from the height on ground, described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm spacing are 70 ~ 90 centimetres, the distance of described underpass hole and described first cross-arm is 20 ~ 40 centimetres, and the distance of described upper through wires hole and described second cross-arm is 20 ~ 40 centimetres.
5. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the column near limit, grape garden four is all outward-dipping, and all by earth anchorage in ground, all the other columns are all vertically installed on ground.
6. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, outward-dipping described column and the angle on ground are 50 ° ~ 75 °.
7. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the two V-arrangement grape trellis of described single cross also comprises rain-proof layer, and described rain-proof layer is arranged at the top of described column.
8. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of the single cross according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, described column is high 240 ~ 260 centimetres.
9. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of the single cross according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, the spacing between adjacent two described columns is 3.5 ~ 4.5 meters.
10. the two V-arrangement grape trellis of the single cross according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that, described first cross-arm and described second cross-arm all adopt the iron pipe of the angle bar of 4 centimetres * 4 centimetres or external diameter more than 2.5 centimetres to make.
CN201420814550.2U 2014-12-20 2014-12-20 The two V-arrangement grape trellis of single cross Expired - Fee Related CN204482558U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106134909A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-11-23 中国农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of method for planting utilizing inclination or the dry tree-like cooperation V-arrangement leaf curtain facility grape of level dragon
CN112425442A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-02 句容市乡土树种研究所 Pruning and trimming method for grape facility cultivation

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106134909A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-11-23 中国农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of method for planting utilizing inclination or the dry tree-like cooperation V-arrangement leaf curtain facility grape of level dragon
CN106134909B (en) * 2016-05-09 2019-10-08 中国农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of method for planting for doing tree-like cooperation V-arrangement leaf curtain facility grape using inclination or horizontal dragon
CN112425442A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-02 句容市乡土树种研究所 Pruning and trimming method for grape facility cultivation

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Granted publication date: 20150722

Termination date: 20171220