CN201230498Y - Double V shaped grape cultivation lighting special rack - Google Patents

Double V shaped grape cultivation lighting special rack Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201230498Y
CN201230498Y CNU2008200378157U CN200820037815U CN201230498Y CN 201230498 Y CN201230498 Y CN 201230498Y CN U2008200378157 U CNU2008200378157 U CN U2008200378157U CN 200820037815 U CN200820037815 U CN 200820037815U CN 201230498 Y CN201230498 Y CN 201230498Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cross
arm
cross arm
length
centimetres
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2008200378157U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
凌霖
周斌龙
刘辉
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JINTAN JIANGNAN FARMING GARDEN CO Ltd
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JINTAN JIANGNAN FARMING GARDEN CO Ltd
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Priority to CNU2008200378157U priority Critical patent/CN201230498Y/en
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Publication of CN201230498Y publication Critical patent/CN201230498Y/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a double-V-shaped special lighting frame for grape cultivation, which comprises a plurality of upright columns, a first cross arm, a second cross arm, a lower threading hole, a third cross arm, a fourth cross arm, an upper threading hole and ten pull wires, wherein the upright columns are fixed on the grape planting land at equal intervals, the four cross arms are fixed on the upright columns in sequence from down to up, the length of the first cross arm is 30 percent to 70 percent of that of the second cross arm, the length of the third cross arm is 30 percent to 70 percent of that of the fourth cross arm, the upper threading hole is positioned between the second cross arm and the third cross arm, the lower threading hole is positioned below the first cross arm, the pull wires are respectively erected at both ends of the four cross arms, and the pull wires are respectively erected in the upper threading hole and the lower threading hole. Due to the adoption of the double-V-shaped lighting structure of one upright column, four cross arms and ten pull wires, the ratio between the lighting area and the floor area is 3 to 4, four fruit hanging areas are provided to facilitate the photosynthesis and the ventilation of the grapes, and under the condition of the same level quality, the output of the grapes can be increased by 70 percent to 80 percent, the cost is increased by 200 Yuan/mu, the benefit reaches 3000-4000 Yuan/mou, therefore, the utility model is very practical.

Description

The special-purpose frame of two V-arrangement grape cultivation daylightings
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of grape trellis, relates in particular to the grape trellis of implementing cultivation usefulness.
Background technology:
Grape is a kind of liane, cultivate all necessary artificial built of what kind, the domestic and international grape trellis type that adopts mainly is divided into frame and hedge frame two big classes at present, and common frame type mainly contains horizontal frame, inclination frame etc., and hedge frame type mainly contains " V " font frame.
Horizontal scaffolding structure: column is high 260 centimetres, and line-spacing 500-600 centimetre, every row one row's concrete column, intercolumniation 400-500 centimetre, column is imbedded in the soil 60 centimetres.Column alignment in the ranks, distance is consistent in length and breadth, and capital becomes a plane.The capital plane intersects in length and breadth draws steel wire, between steel wire apart from 50-60 centimetre.The inclination frame then is domatic, and the shortcoming that frame mainly exists is: daylighting area is less, and is suitable with floor space, and it is bigger to spread out area continuously, is unfavorable for manually pruning management and plucking, and a little less than the shoot growth gesture, can't carries out standardized management production.
The V-shape shelf structure: line-spacing 250-300 centimetre, 150 centimetres of spacing in the rows, the north and south row is planted.170 centimetres above ground level of column, the long cross-arm that the column tip shelf is 1 150-170 centimetre, draw the first road steel wire at cylinder apart from ground 80-100 centimeters, the hyphen of 1 80-90 centimeter length of frame is carried on a shoulder pole again in the middle of the long cross-arm and the first road steel wire, and 1 road steel wire is vertically respectively drawn at the two ends of two cross-arms.Whole face has 3 layer of 5 road steel wire, constitutes wishbone.
This posture has advantages such as ventilation, printing opacity, saving of labor, convenient management, but a common shortcoming is arranged: photosynthetic efficiency, land utilization rate are desirable not enough, and overall economic efficiency is not better brought into play.
The utility model content:
The purpose of this utility model provides the special-purpose frame of a kind of pair of V-arrangement grape cultivation daylighting, and this grape posture has advantages such as ventilation, printing opacity, saving of labor, convenient management, and photosynthetic efficiency height, land utilization rate height, and overall economic efficiency is higher.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
A kind of pair of special-purpose frame of V-arrangement grape cultivation daylighting, it is characterized in that: it is by some root posts 1, first cross-arm 2, second cross-arm 3, underpass hole 4, the 3rd cross-arm 5, the 4th cross-arm 6, last through wires hole 7 and ten backguys 8 are formed, column 1 equidistantly is fixed on the grape plantation on the ground, first cross-arm 2, second cross-arm 3, the 3rd cross-arm 5 and the 4th cross-arm 6 are fixed on the column 1 from top to bottom successively, the length of first cross-arm 2 is 30%~70% of second cross-arm, 3 length, the length of the 3rd cross-arm 5 is the length 30%~70% of the 4th cross-arm 6, on all columns 1, be provided with underpass hole 4 and last through wires hole 7, last through wires hole 7 is between second cross-arm 3 and the 3rd cross-arm 5, underpass hole 4 is positioned at the below of first cross-arm 2, at first cross-arm 2, second cross-arm 3, a backguy 8 is respectively set up at the two ends of the 3rd cross-arm 5 and the 4th cross-arm 6, respectively sets up a backguy 8 in underpass hole 4 and last through wires hole 7.
Optimizing embodiment is: the length of described first cross-arm 2 is about 80 centimetres, second cross-arm, 3 length are about 130 centimetres, the length of the 3rd cross-arm 5 is about 60 centimetres, the length of the 4th cross-arm 6 is about 110 centimetres, underpass hole 4 is about 60 centimetres apart from the height on ground, and last through wires hole 7 is about 130 centimetres apart from the height on ground; The described first root post 1A installation that is tilted to the left, last root post 1B installation that is tilted to the right, mounting inclination angle is 15 °~40 °, other column is all vertically installed.
Because the daylighting area of horizontal frame is 1~1.1 with the ratio of floor space, its district of bearing fruit has only one, the daylighting area of V-arrangement grape trellis is 1.3~1.5 with the ratio of floor space, and its district of bearing fruit also has only two, and this class grape trellis has limited the yield potentiality of grape itself.What the utility model adopted is " one column, four cross-arms, the double V-shaped lighting structure of ten backguy ", daylighting area reaches 3~4 with the ratio of floor space, increased daylighting area significantly, and four districts of bearing fruit are arranged, and the cost increase is less, viticulture through 2 years, the daylighting area of this pair of V-shape grape trellis has improved 80%~90% than existing " V " cabinet frame type, help the photosynthesis and the ventilation of grape, be fit to very much the growth of grape, can increase substantially vintage, can guarantee grape quality again, vintage can increase production 70%~80%, as long as increase by two cross-arms, increases by five backguys on every root post, every mu of field cost increase is no more than 200 yuan, the income that increases then reaches 3000~4000 yuan, and economic benefit is remarkable especially, and it provides a kind of very practical grape trellis type for grape cultivation.
The concrete advantage of this grape trellis type is:
1. summer, the grape leaf curtain formed up-small and down-big two " V " fonts, had not only solved the problem of sheltering from heat or light up and down but also played good ventilation effect.
2. compare with " V " font frame, increased leaf curtain photosynthetic area 80%-90%, strengthened photosynthetic efficiency, improved germination rate, rudiment regularity and the equilibrium degree of newly growing slightly.
3. owing to improved photosynthetic efficiency, the vintage of unit are can improve 70%-80% under the prerequisite that does not influence quality, improved the soil output capacity greatly.
4. avoid and alleviate the grape sunscald.
5. owing to adopted the frame type of last lower leaf, alleviate the crown density of grape branches and tendrils in summer, improved ventilation, light transmittance, reduced the incidence of common grape diseases such as downy mildew, gray mold.
6. save time, the saving of labor, and can plan fixed slightly, decide fringe, control is produced, and carries out standardized management, the raising fruit quality.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation between column, cross-arm, the backguy;
Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation of first root post;
Among the figure: the 1-column; 1A-first root post; Last root post of 1B-; 2-first cross-arm; 3-second cross-arm; 4-underpass hole; 5-the 3rd cross-arm; 6-the 4th cross-arm; The last through wires hole of 7-; The 8-backguy.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with description of drawings embodiment of the present utility model:
The described in the utility model pair of special-purpose frame of V-arrangement grape cultivation daylighting, as Fig. 1~shown in Figure 3, it is by some root posts 1, first cross-arm 2, second cross-arm 3, underpass hole 4, the 3rd cross-arm 5, the 4th cross-arm 6, last through wires hole 7 and ten backguys 8 are formed, described column 1 is a concrete column, its specification is 10 * 10 centimetres, the post height is 280 centimetres, column 1 equidistantly is fixed on the grape plantation on the ground, 80 centimetres of lengths of embedment, as shown in Figure 2, the distribution scheme of column 1 is laterally to overstate apart from being 250-300 centimetre, vertically overstates apart from being 400-450 centimetre, in the middle of column 1, plant delegation's grape, 150 centimetres of spacing in the rows; The first root post 1A and last root post 1B reversed dip are installed, and its length is 320 centimetres, and outward-dipping 30 ° of lengths of embedment are 100 centimetres respectively; First cross-arm 2, second cross-arm 3, the 3rd cross-arm 5 and the 4th cross-arm 6 are fixed on the column 1 from top to bottom successively, and the length of first cross-arm 2 is about 80 centimetres, is fixed on 80 centimeters apart from ground; Second cross-arm, 3 length are about 130 centimetres, are fixed on 120 centimeters apart from ground; The length of the 3rd cross-arm 5 is about 60 centimetres, is fixed on 150 centimeters apart from ground; The length of the 4th cross-arm 6 is about 110 centimetres, is fixed on 190 centimeters apart from ground; Underpass hole 4 is about 60 centimetres apart from the height on ground, and last through wires hole 7 is about 130 centimetres apart from the height on ground; The described first root post 1A installation that is tilted to the left, mounting inclination angle is 30 °, as shown in Figure 3, last root post 1B installation that is tilted to the right, mounting inclination angle is 30 °, and other column 1 is all vertically installed, and sets up a backguy 8 at the two ends of every cross-arm, in underpass hole 4 and last through wires hole 7, respectively wear a backguy 8, form two V cabinet frame types of " column, four cross-arms, ten backguys ".

Claims (4)

1, a kind of pair of special-purpose frame of V-arrangement grape cultivation daylighting, it is characterized in that: it is by some root posts (1), first cross-arm (2), second cross-arm (3), underpass hole (4), the 3rd cross-arm (5), the 4th cross-arm (6), last through wires hole (7) and ten backguys (8) are formed, equidistantly fixedly grape plantation is on the ground for column (1), first cross-arm (2), second cross-arm (3), the 3rd cross-arm (5) and the 4th cross-arm (6) are fixed on the column (1) from top to bottom successively, the length of first cross-arm (2) is 30%~70% of second cross-arm (3) length, the length of the 3rd cross-arm (5) is the length 30%~70% of the 4th cross-arm (6), on all columns (1), be equipped with underpass hole (4) and last through wires hole (7), last through wires hole (7) is positioned between second cross-arm (3) and the 3rd cross-arm (5), underpass hole (4) is positioned at the below of first cross-arm (2), in first cross-arm (2), second cross-arm (3), a backguy (8) is respectively set up at the two ends of the 3rd cross-arm (5) and the 4th cross-arm (6), installs a backguy (8) in underpass hole (4) and last through wires hole (7).
2, according to the special-purpose frame of described pair of V-arrangement grape cultivation of claim 1 daylighting, it is characterized in that: the length of described first cross-arm (2) is about 80 centimetres, second cross-arm (3) length is about 130 centimetres, the length of the 3rd cross-arm (5) is about 60 centimetres, the length of the 4th cross-arm (6) is about 110 centimetres, underpass hole (4) is about 60 centimetres apart from the height on ground, and last through wires hole (7) is about 130 centimetres apart from the height on ground.
3, according to the special-purpose frame of described pair of V-arrangement grape cultivation of claim 1 daylighting, it is characterized in that: first root post (1A) and last root post (1B) conllinear tilt to install in the other direction, and other column (1) is all vertically installed.
4, according to the special-purpose frame of described pair of V-arrangement grape cultivation of claim 3 daylighting, it is characterized in that: described first root post (1A) installation that is tilted to the left, last root post (1B) installation that is tilted to the right, the inclination angle is 15 °~40 °.
CNU2008200378157U 2008-07-03 2008-07-03 Double V shaped grape cultivation lighting special rack Expired - Fee Related CN201230498Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200378157U CN201230498Y (en) 2008-07-03 2008-07-03 Double V shaped grape cultivation lighting special rack

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200378157U CN201230498Y (en) 2008-07-03 2008-07-03 Double V shaped grape cultivation lighting special rack

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201230498Y true CN201230498Y (en) 2009-05-06

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101322469B (en) * 2008-07-03 2011-08-10 金坛市江南农耕园有限公司 Special double-layer illumination rack for grape cultivation
CN102308743A (en) * 2011-08-01 2012-01-11 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for cultivating grapes by utilizing labor-saving cultivating trellis
CN102326502A (en) * 2011-10-18 2012-01-25 蒋方明 U-shaped and V-shaped three-dimensional double-layer grape trellis and double-row planting plant for grape planting

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101322469B (en) * 2008-07-03 2011-08-10 金坛市江南农耕园有限公司 Special double-layer illumination rack for grape cultivation
CN102308743A (en) * 2011-08-01 2012-01-11 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for cultivating grapes by utilizing labor-saving cultivating trellis
CN102326502A (en) * 2011-10-18 2012-01-25 蒋方明 U-shaped and V-shaped three-dimensional double-layer grape trellis and double-row planting plant for grape planting

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Granted publication date: 20090506