CN102939883A - Novel T-shaped grape shelf and method using shelf to cultivate grape - Google Patents

Novel T-shaped grape shelf and method using shelf to cultivate grape Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102939883A
CN102939883A CN2012104681046A CN201210468104A CN102939883A CN 102939883 A CN102939883 A CN 102939883A CN 2012104681046 A CN2012104681046 A CN 2012104681046A CN 201210468104 A CN201210468104 A CN 201210468104A CN 102939883 A CN102939883 A CN 102939883A
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China
Prior art keywords
grape
pinching
novel
angle bar
shelf
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CN2012104681046A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102939883B (en
Inventor
芮东明
刘伟忠
刘照亭
阎永齐
刘吉祥
毛妮妮
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Zhenjiang Institute of Agricultural Sciences Jiangsu Hilly Area
Zhenjiang Wanshan Hongbian Agriculture Garden
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Zhenjiang Institute of Agricultural Sciences Jiangsu Hilly Area
Zhenjiang Wanshan Hongbian Agriculture Garden
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Application filed by Zhenjiang Institute of Agricultural Sciences Jiangsu Hilly Area, Zhenjiang Wanshan Hongbian Agriculture Garden filed Critical Zhenjiang Institute of Agricultural Sciences Jiangsu Hilly Area
Priority to CN201210468104.6A priority Critical patent/CN102939883B/en
Publication of CN102939883A publication Critical patent/CN102939883A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102939883B publication Critical patent/CN102939883B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a novel T-shaped grape shelf and a method using the shelf to cultivate grape. The grape shelf comprise a plurality of upright posts, edge posts and four corner posts, wherein the upright posts are arranged in a field in a matrix shape, the edge posts are arranged on the periphery of the upright posts, the four corner posts are arranged on the four corners of the periphery of the upright posts, each upright post is provided with an upper angle iron, a middle angle iron and a lower angle iron, the left end, the right end and the center of each lower angle iron are pulled with three lower iron wires, the left end and the right end of each middle angle iron are respectively pulled with two middle iron wires, and the left end and the right end of each upper angle iron are respectively pulled with two upper iron wires. A bamboo rod for grape growth is arranged between the two adjacent upright posts in the same longitudinal direction or the same transverse direction, so a producer can easily and effectively manage the grape shelf, the height of a grape trunk is reduced, and the workload of operators is greatly reduced. The method is combined with the novel T-shaped grape shelf, so the grape can robustly grow, the distribution of vines is uniform, and the light is sufficient.

Description

A kind of Novel T-shaped grape trellis and utilize the method for this pergola system grape
Technical field
The present invention relates to the arviculture field, relate in particular to a kind of Novel T-shaped grape trellis and utilize the method for this pergola system grape.
Background technology
Along with the popularization of viticulture technology, people keep on improving more to wine-growing, by accurate field planting, accurately management and efficiently liquid manure utilization, obtain the very high grape of quality.Existing grape hedge frame is taken vertical mode to be had a lot, two lines about traditional T-shaped stand is only pulled out, to satisfy wine-growing far away, and existing a lot of pergola grapes excessive height of bearing fruit, at ordinary times fruit thinning, to soak the management such as fringe very difficult, existing frame does not have a kind of standard in addition, be unfavorable for promoting, if building with wine-growing of frame combined, easily easily instruct peasant household's operation, improve income.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of Novel T-shaped frame that conveniently carries out the grape management, another object of the present invention provides the method for utilizing this pergola system grape.
Technical scheme: in order to realize the foregoing invention purpose, a kind of Novel T-shaped grape trellis of the present invention, comprise that spacing 3.5 ~ 4.5m matrix form is located at some right cylinders in field, be located at the peripheral relative level face of right cylinder and be the side column at 50 ~ 60 degree inclination angles, and four relative level faces being located at peripheral four angles of right cylinder are the corner posts at 40 ~ 45 degree inclination angles; 2 meters apart from ground, 1.5 meters, 1 meter of described right cylinder is respectively equipped with upper strata angle bar, middle level angle bar and lower floor's angle bar, 3 lower floor's iron wires are drawn at lower floor two ends, the angle bar left and right sides and center, 2 middle level iron wires are respectively drawn at two ends, the angle bar left and right sides, middle level, and 2 upper strata iron wires are respectively drawn at the two ends, the left and right sides of upper strata angle bar; Along the bamboo pole that is provided with between adjacent two right cylinders of same vertical or same horizontal direction for grape growth.
The spacing of described right cylinder is 4m.The spacing of right cylinder conveniently instructs the grower to the control of major branch growth, because bamboo pole is located between two right cylinders, when the close right cylinder of major branch growth, will consider to have carried out the measure of pinching processing or other prunings.
A kind of method of Novel T-shaped grape trellis cultivating grape comprises the steps:
(1) after First Year germinates from field planting grape seedling, stay the most healthy and the strongest shoot growth of 1 root growth, all the other buds are erased;
(2) treat to be fixed on the bamboo pole when young sprout grows to 30cm;
(3) when young sprout grows to the luxuriant iron wire 30cm of lower floor, with the pinching of young sprout tip, 2 sublateral shoot left and right sides colligations of after the pinching first end bud being sent are fixed on lower floor's center iron wire as major branch, grow forwards, backwards along iron wire, the colligation of length of side limit is fixed, and all stays 1 leaf pinching when major branch is grown near right cylinder.
Wherein, described step (3) if in the plant growing way strong, in the first end of major branch, pars intermedia, 2 sublateral shoots of base portion left and right sides Ge Liu be to the growth of upper strata iron wire, all the other sublateral shoots stay the repeatedly pinching of 1 leaf; Pinching when 6 sublateral shoot growths reach the upper strata iron wire, repeatedly pinching of the sublateral shoot that pinching is sent again.
Beneficial effect: a kind of Novel T-shaped grape trellis of the present invention is 3T type frame, by be divided into 3 horizontal planes at right cylinder, can know effectively that easily the producer manages, in addition, this frame answer and method causes the trunk height to reduce, after grape was bloomed, related management was very many, highly reduced and had greatly alleviated staff's burden.Method of the present invention combines Novel T-shaped frame, can make grape growth healthy and strong, and tendril is evenly distributed, and is subjected to light abundant.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the Novel T-shaped grape trellis of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is further specified.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Novel T-shaped grape trellis of the present invention, comprise that spacing 3.5 ~ 4.5m matrix form is located at some right cylinders 1 in field, be located at the side column 2 that right cylinder 1 peripheral relative level face is 50 ~ 60 degree inclination angles, and four relative level faces being located at peripheral four angles of right cylinder 1 are the corner posts 3 at 40 ~ 45 degree inclination angles; 2 meters apart from ground, 1.5 meters, 1 meter of right cylinder 1 is respectively equipped with upper strata angle bar 4, middle level angle bar 5 and lower floor's angle bar 6,3 lower floor's iron wires are drawn at lower floor's angle bar two ends, 6 left and right sides and center, 2 middle level iron wires are respectively drawn at two ends, middle level angle bar 5 left and right sides, and 2 upper strata iron wires are respectively drawn at the two ends, the left and right sides of upper strata angle bar 4; Along the bamboo pole that is provided with between adjacent two right cylinders 1 of same vertical or same horizontal direction for grape growth.
A kind of method of Novel T-shaped grape trellis cultivating grape comprises the steps:
(1) after First Year germinates from field planting grape seedling, stay the most healthy and the strongest shoot growth of 1 root growth, all the other buds are erased;
(2) treat to be fixed on the bamboo pole when young sprout grows to 30cm;
(3) when young sprout grows to the luxuriant iron wire 30cm of lower floor, with the pinching of young sprout tip, 2 sublateral shoot left and right sides colligations of after the pinching first end bud being sent are fixed on lower floor's center iron wire as major branch, grow forwards, backwards along iron wire, the colligation of length of side limit is fixed, and all stays 1 leaf pinching when major branch is grown near right cylinder.
Wherein, step (3) if in the plant growing way strong, in the first end of major branch, pars intermedia, 2 sublateral shoots of base portion left and right sides Ge Liu be to the growth of upper strata iron wire, all the other sublateral shoots stay the repeatedly pinching of 1 leaf; Pinching when 6 sublateral shoot growths reach the upper strata iron wire, repeatedly pinching of the sublateral shoot that pinching is sent again.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention; be noted that for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. Novel T-shaped grape trellis, it is characterized in that: this frame comprises that spacing 3.5 ~ 4.5m matrix form is located at some right cylinders in field, be located at the peripheral relative level face of right cylinder and be the side column at 50 ~ 60 degree inclination angles, and four relative level faces being located at peripheral four angles of right cylinder are the corner posts at 40 ~ 45 degree inclination angles; 2 meters apart from ground, 1.5 meters, 1 meter of described right cylinder is respectively equipped with upper strata angle bar, middle level angle bar and lower floor's angle bar, 3 lower floor's iron wires are drawn at lower floor two ends, the angle bar left and right sides and center, 2 middle level iron wires are respectively drawn at two ends, the angle bar left and right sides, middle level, and 2 upper strata iron wires are respectively drawn at the two ends, the left and right sides of upper strata angle bar; Along the bamboo pole that is provided with between adjacent two right cylinders of same vertical or same horizontal direction for grape growth.
2. a kind of Novel T-shaped grape trellis according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the spacing of described right cylinder is 4m.
3. utilize as claimed in claim 1 a kind of method of Novel T-shaped grape trellis cultivating grape, it is characterized in that, the method comprises the steps:
(1) after First Year germinates from field planting grape seedling, stay the most healthy and the strongest shoot growth of 1 root growth, all the other buds are erased;
(2) treat to be fixed on the bamboo pole when young sprout grows to 30cm;
(3) when young sprout grows to the luxuriant iron wire 30cm of lower floor, with the pinching of young sprout tip, 2 sublateral shoot left and right sides colligations of after the pinching first end bud being sent are fixed on lower floor's center iron wire as major branch, grow forwards, backwards along iron wire, the colligation of length of side limit is fixed, and all stays 1 leaf pinching when major branch is grown near right cylinder.
4. method according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described step (3) if in the plant growing way strong, in the first end of major branch, pars intermedia, 2 sublateral shoots of base portion left and right sides Ge Liu be to the growth of upper strata iron wire, all the other sublateral shoots stay the repeatedly pinching of 1 leaf; Pinching when 6 sublateral shoot growths reach the upper strata iron wire, repeatedly pinching of the sublateral shoot that pinching is sent again.
CN201210468104.6A 2012-11-19 2012-11-19 Novel T-shaped grape shelf and method using shelf to cultivate grape Expired - Fee Related CN102939883B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141338A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-06-12 赵新坤 Daylight greenhouse for cultivating vertically in front of wall bodies
CN103238495A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for landscaping by peach tree
CN103238497A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 镇江万山红遍农业园 Tail-spreading type shaping planting method for grapes
CN103444484A (en) * 2013-09-04 2013-12-18 镇江万山红遍农业园 Summer black grape single-trunk dual-main-branch shaping and two-bud trimming cultivation method
CN103444488A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-18 镇江万山红遍农业园 Two-trunk flat net rack and grape shaping method applying same
CN103444485A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-18 镇江万山红遍农业园 Novel grape shaping method with flat net frame
CN104221809A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 宿松县洲大现代农业发展有限公司 Trapezoidal auxiliary system for grape planting
CN105145233A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-12-16 句容市白兔镇白枝山生态果园 Excellent and labor-saving train culturing method for passion fruit

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2562524C1 (en) * 2014-04-22 2015-09-10 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт виноградарства и виноделия имени Я.И. Потапенко" (ФГБНУ ВНИИВиВ) Method of management of vine

Citations (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2288455A1 (en) * 1974-06-28 1976-05-21 Jougla Ets Vine row support system - uses U-section metal stakes provided with horizontal wire guides
CH620568A5 (en) * 1975-05-17 1980-12-15 Schmolz & Bickenbach Vineyard stake
SU1435198A1 (en) * 1987-04-06 1988-11-07 Всероссийский Научно-Исследовательский Институт Виноградарства Им.Я.И.Потапенко Method of forming a grape brush
CN1044573A (en) * 1989-01-30 1990-08-15 郭性初 Grape yield increasing improves the method for quality
SU1657117A1 (en) * 1989-05-16 1991-06-23 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Винограда И Продуктов Его Переработки "Магарач" Method for cultivating grape bush
CN2896858Y (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-05-09 张全英 Grape rainproof shed
CN101379939A (en) * 2008-01-31 2009-03-11 纪俭 New fruit culture technique of fresh grape and ice wine material
CN101401537A (en) * 2008-10-30 2009-04-08 蒋健生 Novel viticultural rack
US20090277083A1 (en) * 2008-05-10 2009-11-12 Barnes Richard C Modular structural system suitable for trellis
CN102308743A (en) * 2011-08-01 2012-01-11 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for cultivating grapes by utilizing labor-saving cultivating trellis

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2288455A1 (en) * 1974-06-28 1976-05-21 Jougla Ets Vine row support system - uses U-section metal stakes provided with horizontal wire guides
CH620568A5 (en) * 1975-05-17 1980-12-15 Schmolz & Bickenbach Vineyard stake
SU1435198A1 (en) * 1987-04-06 1988-11-07 Всероссийский Научно-Исследовательский Институт Виноградарства Им.Я.И.Потапенко Method of forming a grape brush
CN1044573A (en) * 1989-01-30 1990-08-15 郭性初 Grape yield increasing improves the method for quality
SU1657117A1 (en) * 1989-05-16 1991-06-23 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Винограда И Продуктов Его Переработки "Магарач" Method for cultivating grape bush
CN2896858Y (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-05-09 张全英 Grape rainproof shed
CN101379939A (en) * 2008-01-31 2009-03-11 纪俭 New fruit culture technique of fresh grape and ice wine material
US20090277083A1 (en) * 2008-05-10 2009-11-12 Barnes Richard C Modular structural system suitable for trellis
CN101401537A (en) * 2008-10-30 2009-04-08 蒋健生 Novel viticultural rack
CN102308743A (en) * 2011-08-01 2012-01-11 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for cultivating grapes by utilizing labor-saving cultivating trellis

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141338A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-06-12 赵新坤 Daylight greenhouse for cultivating vertically in front of wall bodies
CN103238495B (en) * 2013-05-27 2015-02-04 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for landscaping by peach tree
CN103238495A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 镇江万山红遍农业园 Method for landscaping by peach tree
CN103238497A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-08-14 镇江万山红遍农业园 Tail-spreading type shaping planting method for grapes
CN103238497B (en) * 2013-05-27 2015-02-04 镇江万山红遍农业园 Tail-spreading type shaping planting method for grapes
CN103444484B (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-02-04 镇江万山红遍农业园 Summer black grape single-trunk dual-main-branch shaping and two-bud trimming cultivation method
CN103444484A (en) * 2013-09-04 2013-12-18 镇江万山红遍农业园 Summer black grape single-trunk dual-main-branch shaping and two-bud trimming cultivation method
CN103444485A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-18 镇江万山红遍农业园 Novel grape shaping method with flat net frame
CN103444488A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-18 镇江万山红遍农业园 Two-trunk flat net rack and grape shaping method applying same
CN103444488B (en) * 2013-09-09 2015-02-11 镇江万山红遍农业园 Two-trunk flat net rack and grape shaping method applying same
CN103444485B (en) * 2013-09-09 2015-02-25 镇江万山红遍农业园 Novel grape shaping method with flat net frame
CN104221809A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 宿松县洲大现代农业发展有限公司 Trapezoidal auxiliary system for grape planting
CN105145233A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-12-16 句容市白兔镇白枝山生态果园 Excellent and labor-saving train culturing method for passion fruit

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