CN202262293U - Multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

Multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202262293U
CN202262293U CN2011203964833U CN201120396483U CN202262293U CN 202262293 U CN202262293 U CN 202262293U CN 2011203964833 U CN2011203964833 U CN 2011203964833U CN 201120396483 U CN201120396483 U CN 201120396483U CN 202262293 U CN202262293 U CN 202262293U
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China
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column
row
back wall
short
steel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011203964833U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
国家进
胡永军
赵志伟
张锡玉
董甜
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SHANDONG VEGETABLES ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER
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SHANDONG VEGETABLES ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse. The sunlight greenhouse comprises a rammed earth back wall body, upright columns, a steel arch timbering, a gable wall, a back slope and a cultivation bed. The sunlight greenhouse adopts a structure with multiple upright columns, a short back slope and a steel wood arch timbering, wherein a rear upright column is clung to the inner side of the back wall; a wall body is formed by ramming earth; the back wall body has a double-layer structure with low interior and high exterior; the gradient of the inner side surface of the back wall body is 75 to 80 degrees, and the interior span is 9 to 13 m; and the cultivation bed is 0.4 to 1.2 m lower than the ground level. The multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse disclosed by the utility model has the advantages that: the light transmittance is high, the heat insulating property is good, the temperature changes smoothly, the lowest room temperature is not lower than 8 DEG C when continuous cloudy days in the coldest season are not more than 5, and the ground temperature of 10 cm is not lower than 12 DEGC; the steel wood arch timbering is supported by cement upright columns, so that the construction cost is low; and the short back slope has a large translucent area, so that the daylighting property of the greenhouse in the daytime is good, the temperature rises quickly, and the greenhouse is suitable for building in areas at a north latitude from 34 to 38 degrees.

Description

The short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns wood centering greenhouse by solar heat
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of greenhouse by solar heat, and the short adverse grade steel of specifically a kind of many columns wood centering greenhouse by solar heat belongs to the vegetable greenhouse field.
Background technology
Traditional energy-saving heliogreenhouse is the agriculture and garden facility that on the basis that scientifically utilizes solar energy, forms, and has utility rate of luminous energy height, quick heating, characteristics extremely efficient in preserving heat.Even under not carrying out situation that manual work heats in the severe winter, also can produce multiple thermophilic vegetable.Usually adopt mao bamboon or steel pipe as arched girder, however mao bamboon use most bacteria infection of later stage or grow insect pest, influence the plantation of vegetables; And use steel structure bow member structure, usage amount is also very big usually, caused the waste of resource, and the anticorrosion maintenance cost of steel structure assembly is higher.Simultaneously, traditional greenhouse by solar heat arched roof face is influenced by its canopy face radian, and daylighting time and lighting quantity also receive certain restriction, and heat insulating ability is poor, variations in temperature is bigger.
The utility model content
In order to address the above problem, the utility model has designed the short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns wood centering greenhouse by solar heat, and this greenhouse by solar heat adopts the short adverse grade steel of many columns wood centering structure; Side place within the walls after rear column is close to, body of wall rams soil and forms interior span 9~13m; Cultivation bed is lower than ground level 0.4~1.2m, and good heat preservation performance, variations in temperature are steady, when cold season, the continuous cloudy day was no more than 5 days; Minimum room temperature is not less than 8 ℃, and 10cm ground temperature is not less than 12 ℃.
The technical scheme of the utility model is:
The short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns wood centering greenhouse by solar heat comprises and rams native back wall, column, steel wood centering, gable, adverse grade, cultivation bed;
Said cultivation berth is in the following 1.0m of ground level, width 12m;
Said back wall is inside and outside double-layer structure, comprise outer Gao Houqiang with in short back wall, outer high back wall ground level is above highly to be 3.4m; In short back wall ground level above highly be 3.2m; In the thick 0.7m in wall upper end, short back, the outer high back thick 0.8m in wall upper end, the thick 4m in back wall lower end; Inboard metope of back wall and cultivation bed surface inclination angle are 100 °-105 °, and the mountain top ground level of gable peak is above highly to be 4.3m;
Said column is provided with plurality of rows, and is fixed on the concrete pedestal; Further; Said column is provided with 6 rows, with the distance of nearer the 1st row column and the back wall of back wall be that 0 m, the high 5.2m of the 1st row's column, the high 5.2m of the 2nd row's column, the high 4.8m of the 3rd row's column, the high 4.0m of the 4th row's column, the high 3.0m of the 5th row's column, the 6th arrange the high 1.0m of column; From first row's column to the, six row's columns, adjacent two row's column spacings are followed successively by 1m, 2.75m, 2.75m, 2.75m, 2.75m; The line between the summit of the line between the summit of the line between the summit of the line between the summit of the 6th row's column and the 5th row's column, the 5th row's column and the 4th row's column, the 4th row's column and the 3rd row's column, the 3rd row's column and the 2nd row's column and the angle of horizontal plane are respectively 36 °, 20 °, 16.2 ° and 8.3 °.Further, described column is fixed on the concrete pedestal; The concrete pedestal size is 0.3m * 0.3m * 0.4m; Said column is a reinforced concrete upright column, and cross-sectional length is 12cm * 12cm;
The length of grade of said adverse grade is 1.55m; The elevation angle of adverse grade is 45 °;
Said steel wood centering is made up of arch bar, steel wire and lining bar; Further, said arch bar north and south is provided with, by upright supports; Said arch bar is a steel pipe; Said steel wire is laid and tension on arch bar at interval; Steel wire is a zinc-coated wire; The lining bar vertical fixing is on steel wire, and the spacing of adjacent lining bar is 60cm; Said lining bar is a bamboo pole, diameter 2.5-3.0cm.
The advantage of the utility model is: (1) body of wall rams soil and forms, and the cultivation bed is lower than ground level 0.4~1.2m, and good heat preservation performance, variations in temperature are steady, and when cold season, the continuous cloudy day was no more than 5 days, minimum room temperature was not less than 8 ℃, and 10cm ground temperature is not less than 12 ℃; (2) back wall is designed to the height double-decker; To guarantee that the roofing elevation angle, back reaches 45 ° of optimal angles; Winter-spring season sunlight can direct projection arrive roofing inboard, back, has improved the illumination under the adverse grade on the one hand, has more effectively brought into play adverse grade heat absorption and heat storage and heat insulation function on the other hand; (3) inboard metope of back wall and cultivation bed surface inclination angle are 100 °-105 °, have not only increased the fastness in greenhouse, but also have increased the surface area of greenhouse interior wall effectively, thereby increased effective heating surface of body of wall; (4) lack adverse grade, the glazed area of greenhouse by solar heat is big, and daytime, the greenhouse lighting property was good, and quick heating is very suitable for 34 ° of-38 ° of relatively poor relatively Regional Construction of cold degree of north latitude; (5) steel wood centering radian is improved, make that daylighting face shape and lighting angle are more reasonable, guaranteed that the overwhelming majority of greenhouse front roof has good light transmittance; (6) use the cement upright supports, steel wood centering structure, construction cost is low, and suitable large tracts of land is promoted.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is described further.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Among the figure: short back wall in 1-back wall, 2-column, 3-steel wood centering, 5-adverse grade, 6-cultivation bed, 7-concrete pedestal, the outer high back of 8-wall, the 9-.
Embodiment
Below the preferred embodiment of the utility model is described, should be appreciated that preferred embodiment described herein only is used for explanation and explains the utility model, and be not used in qualification the utility model.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns wood centering greenhouse by solar heats comprise and ram native back wall 1, column 2, steel wood centering 3, gable, adverse grade 5, cultivation bed 6;
Said cultivation bed 6 is positioned at the following 1.0m of ground level, width 12m,
Said back wall 1 is inside and outside double-layer structure, comprise outer high back wall 8 with in short back wall 9, outer high back wall 8 ground levels are above highly to be 3.4m; In short back wall 9 ground levels above highly be 3.2m; In the short back wall thick 0.7m in 9 upper ends, the outer high back wall thick 0.8m in 8 upper ends, 75 °-80 ° of the back wall 1 medial surface gradients; Be that back wall 1 inboard metope is 100 °-105 ° with cultivation bed 6 plane camber angles, gable mountain top ground level is above highly to be 4.3m; The mountain top ground level of gable peak is above highly to be 4.3m, and aisle and water channel are located in the greenhouse by solar heat northernmost, and the aisle adds the wide 1.0m of water channel, the wide 11.0m of growing area;
Said column 2 is provided with 6 rows, with the distance of nearer the 1st row column and the back wall of back wall be that 0m, the high 5.2m of the 1st row's column, the high 5.2m of the 2nd row's column, the high 4.8m of the 3rd row's column, the high 4.0m of the 4th row's column, the high 3.0m of the 5th row's column, the 6th arrange the high 1.0m of column; From first row's column to the, six row's columns, the two row's column spacings that link to each other are followed successively by 1m, 2.75m, 2.75m, 2.75m, 2.75m.The angle of line and horizontal plane between the summit of the 6th row's column and the 5th row's column be 36 °, the 5th row's column with the summit of the 4th row's column between the angle of line and horizontal plane be 20 °, the 4th and arrange column and the 3rd and arrange the angle of line and horizontal plane between the summit of column and be 16.2 °, the 3rd to arrange line and the angle of horizontal plane that column and the 2nd arranges between the summit of column be 8.3 °;
Described column 2 is fixed on the concrete pedestal; The concrete pedestal size is 0.3m * 0.3m * 0.4m.
Said column 2 is a reinforced concrete upright column, and cross-sectional length is 12cm * 12cm, 6 diameter 8mm of interior usefulness reinforcing bar, and concrete grade is more than 400;
The length of grade of said adverse grade 5 is 1.55m, and adverse grade is made up of multilayer material, from bottom to top is followed successively by reinforced concrete support, insulation material and soil layer near daylighting face; The elevation angle of adverse grade is 45 °;
Said steel wood centering is made up of arch bar, steel wire and lining bar; Said arch bar north and south is provided with, by upright supports; Said arch bar is a steel pipe, outer diameter of steel pipes 42.4mm, wall thickness 3.5mm; Said steel wire is 30cm laying and tension at interval on arch bar; Steel wire is No. 26 zinc-coated wires; The lining bar vertical fixing is on steel wire, and the spacing of adjacent lining bar is 60cm; Lining bar is a bamboo pole, diameter 2.5-3.0cm.
What should explain at last is: the above is merely the preferred embodiment of the utility model; Be not limited to the utility model; Although the utility model has been carried out detailed explanation with reference to previous embodiment; For a person skilled in the art, it still can be made amendment to the technical scheme that aforementioned each embodiment put down in writing, and perhaps part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement.All within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the short adverse grade steel of column more than kind wood centering greenhouse by solar heat is characterized in that: comprise and ram native back wall, column, steel wood centering, gable, adverse grade, cultivation bed;
Said cultivation berth is in the following 1.0m of ground level, width 12m;
Said back wall is inside and outside double-layer structure, comprise outer Gao Houqiang with in short back wall, outer high back wall ground level is above highly to be 3.4m; In short back wall ground level above highly be 3.2m; In the thick 0.7m in wall upper end, short back, the outer high back thick 0.8m in wall upper end, the thick 4m in back wall lower end; Inboard metope of back wall and cultivation bed surface inclination angle are 100 °-105 °, and gable peak ground level is above highly to be 4.3m;
Said column is provided with plurality of rows, and is fixed on the concrete pedestal;
The length of grade of said adverse grade is 1.55m; The elevation angle of adverse grade is 45 °;
Said steel wood centering is made up of arch bar, steel wire and lining bar.
2. the short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns according to claim 1 wood centering greenhouse by solar heat; It is characterized in that: said column is provided with 6 rows, with the distance of nearer the 1st row column and the back wall of back wall be that 0 m, the high 5.2m of the 1st row's column, the high 5.2m of the 2nd row's column, the high 4.8m of the 3rd row's column, the high 4.0m of the 4th row's column, the high 3.0m of the 5th row's column, the 6th arrange the high 1.0m of column; From first row's column to the, six row's columns, adjacent two row's column spacings are followed successively by 1m, 2.75m, 2.75m, 2.75m, 2.75m; The line between the summit of the line between the summit of the line between the summit of the line between the summit of the 6th row's column and the 5th row's column, the 5th row's column and the 4th row's column, the 4th row's column and the 3rd row's column, the 3rd row's column and the 2nd row's column and the angle of horizontal plane are respectively 36 °, 20 °, 16.2 ° and 8.3 °.
3. the short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns according to claim 1 wood centering greenhouse by solar heat, it is characterized in that: said concrete pedestal size is 0.3m * 0.3m * 0.4m.
4. the short adverse grade steel of a kind of many columns according to claim 1 wood centering greenhouse by solar heat, it is characterized in that: said column is a reinforced concrete upright column, cross-sectional length is 12cm * 12cm.
5. according to any short adverse grade steel of described a kind of many columns wood centering greenhouse by solar heat among the claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: said arch bar north and south is provided with, by upright supports; Said arch bar is a steel pipe; Said steel wire is laid and tension on arch bar at interval; Steel wire is a zinc-coated wire; The lining bar vertical fixing is on steel wire, and the spacing of adjacent lining bar is 60cm; Said lining bar is a bamboo pole, diameter 2.5-3.0cm.
CN2011203964833U 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN202262293U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203964833U CN202262293U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203964833U CN202262293U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104963427A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-07 中国农业大学 Sunlight greenhouse wall and preparation method thereof
CN106508488A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-03-22 山东农业大学 A special energy-saving solar greenhouse for facility fruit trees and a soil management method
CN106577021A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-04-26 吴瑞军 Efficient energy-gathered type ecological sunlight greenhouse

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104963427A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-07 中国农业大学 Sunlight greenhouse wall and preparation method thereof
CN106508488A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-03-22 山东农业大学 A special energy-saving solar greenhouse for facility fruit trees and a soil management method
CN106577021A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-04-26 吴瑞军 Efficient energy-gathered type ecological sunlight greenhouse

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120606

Termination date: 20181018

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee