CN202262292U - Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202262292U
CN202262292U CN2011203964655U CN201120396465U CN202262292U CN 202262292 U CN202262292 U CN 202262292U CN 2011203964655 U CN2011203964655 U CN 2011203964655U CN 201120396465 U CN201120396465 U CN 201120396465U CN 202262292 U CN202262292 U CN 202262292U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
short
slope
bow
upright
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011203964655U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡永军
国家进
李玉华
赵志伟
张锡玉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG VEGETABLES ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER
Original Assignee
SHANDONG VEGETABLES ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG VEGETABLES ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER filed Critical SHANDONG VEGETABLES ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER
Priority to CN2011203964655U priority Critical patent/CN202262292U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202262292U publication Critical patent/CN202262292U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse, which comprises a rammed earth back wall body, an upright post, a steel arch frame, a head wall, a back slope and a culture bed, wherein the sunlight greenhouse adopts a structure of the single upright post, the short back slope and the full steel arch frame, a position of the back upright post tightly pasted with the inner side of the back wall is formed by adopting the earth ramming at the wall body, the back wall body adopts a double-layer structure with the shorter inner side and the higher outer side, the inner side surface slope of the back wall body is 75 degrees to 80 degrees, the inner span is 9-13m, and the culture bed is 0.4-1.2m lower than the ground plane. The single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse has the advantages that the light transmission rate is high, the heat insulation performance is good, the temperature change is stable, the lowest room temperature is not lower than 8 DEG C when the continuous cloudy days in cold reason do not exceed 5 days, and the 10cm ground temperature is not lower than 12 DEG C; no upright post exists in a planting region, and the single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse is suitable for mechanical operation; and the back slope is short, the light transmission area is large, the greenhouse lighting performance is good in daytime, the temperature rise is fast, and the single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse is suitable for being built in regions with the northern latitudes being 34 degrees to 38 degrees.

Description

The short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of greenhouse by solar heat, and the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of specifically a kind of single column belongs to the vegetable greenhouse field.
Background technology
Traditional energy-saving heliogreenhouse is the agriculture and garden facility that on the basis that scientifically utilizes solar energy, forms, and has utility rate of luminous energy height, quick heating, characteristics extremely efficient in preserving heat.Even under not carrying out situation that manual work heats in the severe winter, also can produce multiple thermophilic vegetable.Usually adopt mao bamboon or steel pipe as arched girder, however mao bamboon use most bacteria infection of later stage or grow insect pest, influence the plantation of vegetables; And the use steel pipe, usage amount is also very big usually, has caused the waste of resource.Simultaneously, traditional greenhouse by solar heat arched roof face is influenced by its canopy face radian, and daylighting time and lighting quantity also receive certain restriction, and heat insulating ability is poor, variations in temperature is bigger.
The utility model content
In order to address the above problem, the utility model has designed the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column, and this greenhouse by solar heat is the steel structure bow member structure of single column, short adverse grade; Column side place within the walls after the aisle is close at the back, body of wall rams soil and forms interior span 9~13m; Cultivation bed is lower than ground level 0.4~1.2m, and good heat preservation performance, variations in temperature are steady, when cold season, the continuous cloudy day was no more than 5 days; Minimum room temperature is not less than 8 ℃, and 10cm ground temperature is not less than 12 ℃.
The technical scheme of the utility model is:
The short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column comprises and rams native back wall, column, steel structure bow member, gable, adverse grade, cultivation bed;
Said cultivation berth is in the following 1.0m of ground level, width 12m;
Said back wall is inside and outside double-layer structure, comprise outer Gao Houqiang with in short back wall, outer high back wall ground level is above highly to be 3.4m; In short back wall ground level above highly be 3.0m; In the thick 0.7m in wall upper end, short back, the outer high back thick 0.8m in wall upper end, the thick 4m in back wall lower end; Inboard metope of back wall and cultivation bed surface angle are 100 °-105 °, and the mountain top ground level of gable peak is above highly to be 4.2m;
The distance of said column and Hou Qiang lower end is 0m, highly is 5.2m, and the top of said column is positioned at the peak of steel structure bow member; Described column is fixed on the column pedestal.Further, said column pedestal is a concrete pedestal, and the size of said concrete pedestal is 0.3m * 0.3m * 0.4m; Said column is a steel pipe post, and diameter of steel tube is 2.5 cun, wall thickness 4mm.
The length of grade of said adverse grade is 1.7m; The elevation angle of adverse grade is 45 °;
Two two string bow members that the arc coating steel pipe constitutes about said steel structure bow member is served as reasons, adjacent bow member connects through reinforcing bar, and the spacing of adjacent bow member is 60cm.Further, on the steel structure bow member front window with apart from the line at front sunblind 3.0m place, apart from front sunblind 3.0m place with apart from the line at front sunblind 5.8m place, apart from front sunblind 5.8m place and apart from the line at front sunblind 8.4m place, be respectively 32.3 °, 19.7 °, 15.1 °, 8.7 ° apart from the line at front sunblind 8.4m place and column place and the angle of horizontal plane formation.
The advantage of the utility model is: (1) body of wall rams soil and forms, and the cultivation bed is lower than ground level 0.4~1.2m, and good heat preservation performance, variations in temperature are steady, and when cold season, the continuous cloudy day was no more than 5 days, minimum room temperature was not less than 8 ℃, and 10cm ground temperature is not less than 12 ℃; (2) back wall is designed to the height double-decker; To guarantee that the roofing elevation angle, back reaches 45 ° of optimal angles; Winter-spring season sunlight can direct projection arrive roofing inboard, back, has improved the illumination under the adverse grade on the one hand, has more effectively brought into play adverse grade heat absorption and heat storage and heat insulation function on the other hand; (3) inboard metope of back wall and cultivation bed surface angle are 100 °-105 °, have not only increased the fastness in greenhouse, but also have increased the surface area of greenhouse interior wall effectively, thereby increased effective heating surface of body of wall; (4) lack adverse grade, the glazed area of greenhouse by solar heat increases, and daytime, the greenhouse lighting property was good, and quick heating is very suitable for 34 ° of-38 ° of relatively poor relatively Regional Construction of cold degree of north latitude; (5) steel structure bow member radian is improved, make that daylighting face shape and lighting angle are more reasonable, guaranteed that the overwhelming majority of greenhouse front roof has good light transmittance; (6) no column in the growing area is more suitable for mechanized operation.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is described further.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Among the figure: short back wall, 10-front window in 1-back wall, 2-column, 3-steel structure bow member, 5-adverse grade, 6-cultivation bed, 7-concrete pedestal, the outer high back of 8-wall, the 9-.
Embodiment
Below the preferred embodiment of the utility model is described, should be appreciated that preferred embodiment described herein only is used for explanation and explains the utility model, and be not used in qualification the utility model.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column comprises and rams native back wall 1, steel pipe post 2, steel structure bow member 3, gable, adverse grade 5, cultivation bed 6;
Said cultivation bed 6 is positioned at the following 1.0m of ground level, width 12m;
Said back wall 1 is inside and outside double-layer structure, comprise outer high back wall 8 with in short back wall 9, outer high back wall 8 ground levels are above highly to be 3.4m; In short back wall 9 ground levels above highly be 3.0m, in the short back wall thick 0.7m in 9 upper ends, the wall thick 0.8m in 8 upper ends behind the outer height; The thick 4m in back wall 1 lower end, 75 °-80 ° of the back wall 1 medial surface gradients, promptly back wall 1 inboard metope is 100 °-105 ° with cultivation bed 6 plane included angles; Gable mountain top ground level is above highly to be 4.2m; Aisle and water channel are located in the greenhouse by solar heat northernmost, and the aisle adds the wide 1.0m of water channel, the wide 11.0m of growing area;
Said column 2 is close to the Hou Qiang lower end at the back in the aisle, highly be 5.2m, and the top of said column 2 is positioned at the peak of steel structure bow member 3; Described column 2 is fixed on the concrete pedestal 7; Concrete pedestal 7 sizes are 0.3m * 0.3m * 0.4m.Said column 2 is a steel pipe post, 2.5 cun of diameter of steel tube, wall thickness 4mm.
The length of grade of said adverse grade 5 is 1.7m, and adverse grade is made up of multilayer material, from bottom to top is followed successively by steelframe, insulation material and soil layer near daylighting face; The elevation angle of adverse grade 5 is 45 °;
Said steel structure bow member 3 is 1.2 cun coating steel pipes of GB and 1 cun two string bow member that coating steel pipe is welded into, and middle weld diameter 6.5mm reinforcing bar connects; Steel structure bow member front end is fixed on the greenhouse by solar heat forward position, and the rear end is welded on the column 2, and steel structure bow member is perpendicular to back wall 1, and the spacing of adjacent steel structure bow member is 60cm; Front window 10 and the angle that forms apart from the line at front sunblind 3.0m place and horizontal plane are 32.3 °, are 19.7 °, are 15.1 °, are 8.7 ° apart from the angle of front sunblind 8.4m place and column place and horizontal plane formation apart from front sunblind 5.8m place and apart from the angle of front sunblind 8.4m line and horizontal plane formation everywhere apart from front sunblind 3.0m place and angle apart from front sunblind 5.8m line everywhere and horizontal plane formation on the steel structure bow member.
What should explain at last is: the above is merely the preferred embodiment of the utility model; Be not limited to the utility model; Although the utility model has been carried out detailed explanation with reference to previous embodiment; For a person skilled in the art, it still can be made amendment to the technical scheme that aforementioned each embodiment put down in writing, and perhaps part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement.All within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of single column is characterized in that: comprise and ram native back wall, column, steel structure bow member, gable, adverse grade, cultivation bed;
Said cultivation berth is in the following 1.0m of ground level, width 12m;
Said back wall is inside and outside double-layer structure, comprise outer Gao Houqiang with in short back wall, outer high back wall ground level is above highly to be 3.4m; In short back wall ground level above highly be 3.0m; In the thick 0.7m in wall upper end, short back, the outer high back thick 0.8m in wall upper end, the thick 4m in back wall lower end; Inboard metope of back wall and cultivation bed surface angle are 100 °-105 °, and gable peak ground level is above highly to be 4.2m;
The distance of said column and Hou Qiang lower end is 0m, highly is 5.2m, and the top of said column is positioned at the peak of steel structure bow member; Described column is fixed on the column pedestal;
Two two string bow members that the arc coating steel pipe constitutes about said steel structure bow member is served as reasons, adjacent bow member connects through reinforcing bar, and the spacing of adjacent bow member is 60cm;
The length of grade of said adverse grade is 1.7m; The elevation angle of adverse grade is 45 °.
2. the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on the described steel structure bow member front window with apart from the line at front sunblind 3.0m place, apart from front sunblind 3.0m place with apart from the line at front sunblind 5.8m place, apart from front sunblind 5.8m place and apart from the line at front sunblind 8.4m place, be respectively 32.3 °, 19.7 °, 15.1 °, 8.7 ° apart from the line at front sunblind 8.4m place and column place and the angle of horizontal plane formation.
3. the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said column pedestal is a concrete pedestal, the size of said concrete pedestal is 0.3m * 0.3m * 0.4m.
4. the short adverse grade greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of single column according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said column is a steel pipe post, diameter of steel tube is 2.5 cun, wall thickness 4mm.
CN2011203964655U 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN202262292U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203964655U CN202262292U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203964655U CN202262292U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202262292U true CN202262292U (en) 2012-06-06

Family

ID=46153105

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203964655U Expired - Fee Related CN202262292U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202262292U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108391539A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-14 吉林市东北生态农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of super span stacked high energy greenhouse and its building method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108391539A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-14 吉林市东北生态农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of super span stacked high energy greenhouse and its building method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203251720U (en) Intelligent type ecological sunlight greenhouse
CN102318515A (en) Greenhouse capable of shifting function with seasonal change
CN202890064U (en) Design of asymmetrical double-layer interior thermal insulation greenhouse
CN202232335U (en) Foam wall body solar-energy-storage-type sunlight greenhouse
CN102783385B (en) Water curtain system of solar greenhouse
CN202232334U (en) Foam wall body heat-storage-type sunlight greenhouse
CN202262294U (en) Single-stand column and long-back slope sunlight greenhouse
CN202262292U (en) Single-upright-post short-back-slope sunlight greenhouse
CN204335427U (en) A kind of environmental protection planting technique frame for domatic roof
CN202262293U (en) Multi-upright-column short-back-slope steel wood arch timbering sunlight greenhouse
CN204733681U (en) Eccentric formula large -span hunch canopy is planted to four seasons
CN204742007U (en) Brick wall winter brooder
CN201663843U (en) Energy-saving sunlight greenhouse of semi-underground, two-slope and double-suspending bracket
CN203942874U (en) Three season temperature canopy
CN202722161U (en) Solar greenhouse water curtain system
CN201163912Y (en) High-cold high-latitude high-efficient energy-saving day-light greenhouse
CN206371199U (en) Glass sunlight house with water-purifying function
CN202262295U (en) Multi-upright-post long-back-slope steel wood arch frame sunlight greenhouse
CN102318520A (en) Multi-span energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN201630082U (en) Solar greenhouse for winter eggplants in areas north of north-latitude 43 degrees
CN202565853U (en) Multi-column sunlight greenhouse with front sidewalk
CN202068783U (en) Sunlight greenhouse with heat storage function
CN204443385U (en) Modified greenhouse by solar heat
CN205611388U (en) Multi -functional photovoltaic energy -conservation in plane greenhouse of surviving winter
CN205694648U (en) A kind of self adaptation agricultural greenhouse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120606

Termination date: 20181018

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee