CN203968812U - A kind of winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat - Google Patents

A kind of winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203968812U
CN203968812U CN201420445993.9U CN201420445993U CN203968812U CN 203968812 U CN203968812 U CN 203968812U CN 201420445993 U CN201420445993 U CN 201420445993U CN 203968812 U CN203968812 U CN 203968812U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
skeleton
sunny side
supporting square
square tube
side skeleton
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420445993.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王勇
孙瑞云
刘龙之
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHOUGUANG CITY DAYU SHUNLONG AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY SERVICE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHOUGUANG CITY DAYU SHUNLONG AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY SERVICE Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHOUGUANG CITY DAYU SHUNLONG AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY SERVICE Co Ltd filed Critical SHOUGUANG CITY DAYU SHUNLONG AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGY SERVICE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420445993.9U priority Critical patent/CN203968812U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203968812U publication Critical patent/CN203968812U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

A kind of winter warm type of the present utility model is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, comprise sunny side skeleton and back skeleton, sunny side skeleton and back skeleton connect to form by boring tail bolt by some a little shaped steel, sunny side skeleton is connected intersection below and is vertically connected with supporting square tube with back skeleton, supporting square tube top is connected with oblique pull bracing piece respectively and between sunny side skeleton and back skeleton, and back skeleton top is equipped with canopy film, nonwoven layer, straw screen or mat layer, canopy film, nonwoven layer from inside to outside successively; Sunny side skeleton top is equipped with canopy film and thermal insulation quilt.The beneficial effects of the utility model are: make that greenhouse has that daylighting is effective, good heat insulating, the high and economical and practical distinct advantages of land utilization rate; Wall after replacing with supporting square tube, saves larger space, has increased the availability of illumination, even also can planting vegetable melon and fruit at the back.And cost is wanted much less than cob wall body, brick wall body.Facilitate automation equipment operation, time and labour saving.

Description

A kind of winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of winter warm type without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat.
Background technology
At present China is the largest country of industrialized agriculture in the world, and national facility area amounts to approximately 3,300,000 hectares.Approximately 1500 hectares of its medium-and-large-sized attached-greenhouses, more than 70 ten thousand hectares of greenhouse by solar heats, remaining is plastic greenhouse, these facilities are all built on high-quality is ploughed.Because the benefit of same homalographic industrialized agriculture is tens times of field crop, the growth momentum of industrialized agriculture did not still subtract in the last few years.Existing greenhouse by solar heat all has body of wall, and process of construction is complicated, and investment is large, body of wall land occupation area is large, waste soil, and, daylighting weak effect, sunshine availability is low.
Summary of the invention
For solving above technical deficiency, the utility model provides a kind of saving space, and the effective winter warm type of daylighting is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat.
The utility model is realized by following measures:
A kind of winter warm type of the present utility model is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, comprise sunny side skeleton and back skeleton, described sunny side skeleton and back skeleton connect to form by boring tail bolt by some a little shaped steel, described sunny side skeleton is connected intersection below and is vertically connected with supporting square tube with back skeleton, described supporting square tube top is connected with oblique pull bracing piece respectively and between sunny side skeleton and back skeleton, and described back skeleton top is equipped with canopy film, nonwoven layer, straw screen or mat layer, canopy film, nonwoven layer from inside to outside successively; Sunny side skeleton top is equipped with canopy film and thermal insulation quilt.
Above-mentioned sunny side skeleton span is 8m, and back skeleton span is 4m, and the height of sunny side skeleton and back skeleton is 3.8m.
The cross section length of side of above-mentioned supporting square tube is 60mm, and thickness is 2mm.
Distance between above-mentioned adjacent two supporting square tubes is 3m.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: make that greenhouse has that daylighting is effective, good heat insulating, the high and economical and practical distinct advantages of land utilization rate; Wall after replacing with supporting square tube, saves larger space, has increased the availability of illumination, even also can planting vegetable melon and fruit at the back.And cost is wanted much less than cob wall body, brick wall body.Facilitate automation equipment operation, time and labour saving.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Wherein: 1 sunny side skeleton, 2 back skeletons, 3 supporting square tubes, 4 oblique pull bracing pieces, 5 thermal insulation quilts.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is done to further detailed description:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of winter warm type of the present utility model is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, comprise sunny side skeleton 1 and back skeleton 2, sunny side skeleton 1 and back skeleton 2 connect to form by boring tail bolt by some a little shaped steel, sunny side skeleton 1 is connected intersection below and is vertically connected with supporting square tube 3 with back skeleton 2, supporting square tube 3 tops are connected with oblique pull bracing piece 4 respectively and between sunny side skeleton 1 and back skeleton 2, and back skeleton 2 tops are equipped with canopy film, nonwoven layer, straw screen or mat layer, canopy film, nonwoven layer from inside to outside successively; Sunny side skeleton 1 top is equipped with canopy film and thermal insulation quilt 5.The cross section length of side of supporting square tube 3 is 60mm, and thickness is 2mm.Distance between adjacent two supporting square tubes 3 is 3 meters, proof strength.
Adopt several formed steel constructions, and adopt brill tail bolt to fix, solderless contact, sturdy and durable, non-corrosive.Service life is longer, generally about 20 years.Frame camber is large, and canopy temperature improves fast, wind resistance snow, and anti-pressure ability is strong.Zinc-plated supporting square tube 3 replaces body of wall, and bearing capacity is strong.The design of canopy face steel wire closely, has increased the fastness of steelframe.Without the maximum advantage of body of wall green house, be that sunshine throughout the year can shine into the back of canopy, has greatly optimized the usable floor area in greenhouse.The span of 12 meters is very big, has improved to a great extent land utilization rate.
When design-build green house, must be according to natural situations such as local geographic latitude, weather conditions, site area, landform, reconnaissance should be at hidding and sunny side, physical features is smooth, soil property is fertile, the row of filling is convenient, surrounding is without the good position of pile, illumination and ventilation condition, handles the overall dimension relation in greenhouse well.The sun and back skeleton 2 earth point lines, form an angle with horizontal plane, referred to as ∠ α.Therefore, if this kind of canopy type wants that angle of incidence of sunlight degree should be less than or equal to ∠ α without sheltering from heat or light face.The utility model middle-jiao yang, function of the spleen and stomach facial bone frame 1 span is 8m, and back skeleton 2 spans are 4m, and the height of sunny side skeleton 1 and back skeleton 2 is 3.8m.Owing to adopting this size, when the Spring Equinox, the Autumnal Equinox, the sun altitude in my area, 47 ° of left and right, is greater than ∠ α, though have, shades, and the distance of shading is very little, and this solar term temperature is higher, does not affect plant growth.During Winter Solstice, the sun altitude in my area, 26.5 ° of left and right, is less than ∠ α, and in canopy, without sheltering from heat or light, illumination is sufficient, can reach the required temperature of plant growth.During the Summer Solstice, the sun altitude in my area, 73.5 ° of left and right, is greater than ∠ α, though cover whole after, but Summer Solstice just now, temperature of shed is high, also can reach the required growth temperature of crop.In sum, in Winter Solstice → Spring Equinox → Summer Solstice, the distance of shading is apart from increasing gradually; In the Summer Solstice → Autumnal Equinox → Winter Solstice, the distance of shading is to reduce gradually.According to plant growth, need plantation, this canopy type can be planted the whole year
The above is only the preferred embodiment of this patent; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, do not departing under the prerequisite of the art of this patent principle; can also make some improvement and replacement, these improvement and replacement also should be considered as the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (4)

1. a winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, it is characterized in that: comprise sunny side skeleton and back skeleton, described sunny side skeleton and back skeleton connect to form by boring tail bolt by some a little shaped steel, described sunny side skeleton is connected intersection below and is vertically connected with supporting square tube with back skeleton, described supporting square tube top is connected with oblique pull bracing piece respectively and between sunny side skeleton and back skeleton, and described back skeleton top is equipped with canopy film, nonwoven layer, straw screen or mat layer, canopy film, nonwoven layer from inside to outside successively; Sunny side skeleton top is equipped with canopy film and thermal insulation quilt.
2. winter warm type, without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, is characterized in that according to claim 1: described sunny side skeleton span is 8m, and back skeleton span is 4m, and the height of sunny side skeleton and back skeleton is 3.8m.
3. winter warm type, without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, is characterized in that according to claim 1: the cross section length of side of described supporting square tube is 60mm, and thickness is 2mm.
4. winter warm type, without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat, is characterized in that according to claim 1: the distance between adjacent two supporting square tubes is 3m.
CN201420445993.9U 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat Expired - Fee Related CN203968812U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420445993.9U CN203968812U (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420445993.9U CN203968812U (en) 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of winter warm type is without body of wall greenhouse by solar heat

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203968812U true CN203968812U (en) 2014-12-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052614A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 江苏丘陵地区镇江农业科学研究所 Twin-linked three-layer insulation strawberry greenhouse and application thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052614A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 江苏丘陵地区镇江农业科学研究所 Twin-linked three-layer insulation strawberry greenhouse and application thereof
CN105052614B (en) * 2015-07-21 2017-10-10 江苏丘陵地区镇江农业科学研究所 Even three floor insulation strawberry greenhouse and the application of one kind two

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141203

Termination date: 20190808

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee