CN102318515A - Greenhouse capable of shifting function with seasonal change - Google Patents

Greenhouse capable of shifting function with seasonal change Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102318515A
CN102318515A CN 201110247386 CN201110247386A CN102318515A CN 102318515 A CN102318515 A CN 102318515A CN 201110247386 CN201110247386 CN 201110247386 CN 201110247386 A CN201110247386 A CN 201110247386A CN 102318515 A CN102318515 A CN 102318515A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
support frame
changing function
heat
partition
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 201110247386
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐飞
魏晓明
丁小明
曹楠
周长吉
何芬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Hua'nong Agricultural Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering CAAE
Original Assignee
Beijing Hua'nong Agricultural Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering CAAE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Hua'nong Agricultural Engineering Consulting Co Ltd, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering CAAE filed Critical Beijing Hua'nong Agricultural Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201110247386 priority Critical patent/CN102318515A/en
Publication of CN102318515A publication Critical patent/CN102318515A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a greenhouse for agricultural production and particularly discloses a greenhouse capable of shifting functions with seasonal changes. The greenhouse comprises a supporting frame and gable walls arranged on the two sides of the supporting frame. A transparent covering material is arranged on the supporting frame. A supporting skeleton is arranged below the supporting frame along the longitudinal direction of the top. A detachable partition wall is arranged in the supporting skeleton. The greenhouse disclosed by the invention can be used all the year round. The partition wall is installed in a cold season to divide the greenhouse into two independent parts, i.e. a south part and a north part. The greenhouse on the south side is suitable for wintering production of northern fruits and vegetables. Since the temperature of the greenhouse on the north side is relatively low, the greenhouse on the north side can be used for the fruit bearing of fruit trees for wintering or the production of edible mushrooms. After the partition wall is removed in a hot season, the light transmission and ventilation characteristics are good, the greenhouse is suitable for the summering production of crops and the year-round utilization of the greenhouse is realized.

Description

A kind of can be with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function
Technical field
The present invention relates to the greenhouse, relate in particular to a kind of can be with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function.
Background technology
Traditional greenhouse by solar heat is a kind of energy-efficient facility; Under the more and more nervous situation of current fossil energy supply; Have development prospect preferably, but the greenhouse land utilization rate of this form low (generally below 40%), the machine of large tracts of land popularization is especially in recent years beaten cob wall structure greenhouse by solar heat; Destructive power to ploughing is huge, stays very big hidden danger for the recovery of following farmland quality.In addition, traditional Solar Greenhouse in Winter production, summer are idle, the availability of facility not high (cause accordingly land utilization rate lower); Environment conditioning ability (95% above facility lacks effectively ring control means) is easy to cause damage when running into adverse weather condition such as low temperature and successive cloudy days, and the yield and quality of indoor production crop also is difficult to assurance; Moreover, also there is the simple and crude shortcoming of structure, in recent years because natural calamities such as heavy snow, high wind cause the example that greenhouse structure destroys, the greenhouse collapses to take place repeatedly.Therefore, change the greenhouse by solar heat structure, improve the greenhouse by solar heat performance and become problem demanding prompt solution in the current facilities horticulture production.
The conventional plastic booth is cheap, and the relative greenhouse by solar heat of land utilization rate is high, but northern area production can only realize the spring ahead of time, the autumn delays the production of can not surviving the winter.And because the environment conditioning ability a little less than the ability of withstanding natural calamities, is substituted by greenhouse by solar heat at northern area basically, consumption is fewer and feweri.
Modern attached-greenhouse (comprising plastic green house, glass greenhouse and PC plate greenhouse etc.); Have advantages such as structural reliability height, environment conditioning ability be strong; But building cost is high, operating cost is also high; Traditional growing vegetables does not have economic benefit basically, and environment conditioning needs a large amount of fossil energies do support, does not have the market of large tracts of land development basically in the face of the current conditions of China.
Seek for this reason a kind of with plastic tunnel land utilization rate height, greenhouse by solar heat good heat insulating, the strong three's advantages of attached-greenhouse environment conditioning ability together, can produce in the northern area realization anniversary; Has the novel greenhouse structure that construction cost is low, environment conditioning good, production efficiency is high; Walk the road of low-carbon (LC) economy; Just becoming the certainty of following Chinese industrialized agriculture development, also is world's industrialized agriculture development current.
In order to improve the land utilization rate of greenhouse by solar heat; Publication number is that the patent of invention of CN1480026A discloses the sloping greenhouse by solar heat of a kind of two-way list; The skeleton of this north and south, greenhouse canopy is supported on the back coping symmetrically; The other end of skeleton is supported in respectively on the sleeper wall that is provided with in the forward and backward both sides of wall, back, and the canopy film is buckled on the greenhouse that constitutes south, two symmetries in north on the skeleton of two canopies; Owing to the shared body of wall in two greenhouses, north and south, can practice thrift the expenditure of construction in greenhouse greatly, make structure stress more reasonable simultaneously.Publication number is that the patent of invention of CN101691822A discloses the foster circular economy sunlight greenhouse of planting of a kind of plantation; This greenhouse is made up of two the canopy bodies in north and south; Canopy is used for plantation on the sunny side, and in the shade canopy is used for culturing, and two canopy bodies are arranged back-to-back; And a shared cavity wall, this cavity wall is the biogas generating pit that transforms the plantation stalk on the spot, cultures ight soil.
But all there is following shortcoming in the greenhouse described in above two patents: with two the greenhouse bi-directional arrangement in north and south, shared permanent back wall, be provided with light tight back roofing, so have shading summer, the problem such as not smooth of ventilating, influence the growth of crop.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to overcome the deficiency that above prior art exists, and provides to have a kind of cold season to have good thermal isolation and heat storage function, hot season the greenhouse that uses in light and airing performance, suitable anniversary preferably.
Technical solution problem of the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of can be with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function, comprise support frame and the gable that is arranged at the support frame both sides, said support frame is provided with transparent cladding material, below support frame, is vertically arranged with support frame along the top; Be provided with dismountable partition wall in the said support frame.
Further, said partition wall is a two layer composite structure, and one deck is the accumulation of heat body of wall that heat storage medium is housed, and another layer is a heat insulation wall.
Further, said accumulation of heat body of wall and heat insulation wall are formed by one or more separate unit structures, and the area of absence on shape and the support frame is suitable.
Further, said support frame is an arch.
Further, said partition wall becomes the region separation of support frame below in the greenhouse of two symmetries.
Further, said support frame is a steel construction.
Further, said transparent cladding material is plastic film, hard plastic board or glass.
Further, the material of said heat insulation wall is benzene plate, polyurethane sheet or rock wool.
Further, said heat storage medium is a liquid medium.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in the following aspects:
(1) be provided with dismountable partition wall in the support frame, have good thermal isolation and heat storage function cold season, can remove partition wall hot season; This moment, the greenhouse was similar to the large span plastic tunnel; Have light and airing characteristic preferably, the summer more that is suitable for crop produces, and realizes that the anniversary in greenhouse is utilized.Make the greenhouse in the variation of Various Seasonal, realize the facility function conversion through interior.
(2) since support frame in compound partition wall is set, cold season partition wall the greenhouse is divided into two relatively independent spaces, said partition wall is a two layer composite structure, one deck is the accumulation of heat body of wall that heat storage medium is housed, another the layer be heat insulation wall.The Heat Storing Wall side is placed the placement of being exposed to the north of insulated wall side towards south.Heat storage medium has the performance of accumulation of heat on daytime, heat release in evening, is to be the heat insulation wall of material with the heat-insulation material by the north side, intercepts heat-storing material and is sidelong heat northwards.Cold season, the greenhouse is similar to negative and positive type greenhouse by solar heat, and two greenhouses have the different environment factor, like environmental characteristics such as different temperature, humidity, can plant the crop that environment is had different demands.Independence greenhouse, southern side is because lighting performance is good; And can receive heat-storing material liberated heat in the partition wall night, thereby temperature is higher, the production of surviving the winter of suitable northern fruits and vegetables; Independence greenhouse, north side can be used for fruit tree and bears fruit and survive the winter or Edible Fungi because temperature is relatively low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a side-looking structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the present invention's structural representation behind the partition wall of dismantling.
Mark is illustrated as among the figure: 1: support frame; 2: support frame; 3: gable; 4: transparent cladding material; 5: the accumulation of heat body of wall; 6: heat insulation wall.
Embodiment
Describe in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention, following embodiment is used to explain the present invention, but is not used for limiting protection scope of the present invention.
Shown in Fig. 1-2, a kind of can be with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function, comprise support frame 1 and the gable 3 that is arranged at support frame 1 both sides, gable 3 is used to safeguard closed greenhouse (Fig. 1 illustrates a part in order to show the interior in greenhouse with 3 on gable); Support frame 1 preferably is arranged to arch, and material is steel construction preferably, and the greenhouse steadiness that is provided with like this is better; Gable 3 can adopt brick or concrete masonry to form, and also can directly seal with cladding material.
When specifically being provided with, support frame 1 is provided with transparent cladding material 4, and said transparent cladding material 4 can be plastic film, hard plastic board or glass.Below support frame 1, vertically be provided for the support frame 2 of supported framework 1 along the top; The material of support frame 2 can be steel construction, support frame 2 be preferably disposed on support frame 1 middle part below, the region separation of support frame 1 below is become the greenhouse of symmetry.
In addition, in support frame 2, be provided with dismountable partition wall, the greenhouse is separated into two spaces that envirment factor is relatively independent.Said partition wall is two layer composite structure preferably, and one deck is the accumulation of heat body of wall 5 that heat storage medium is housed, and another layer is a heat insulation wall 6; Said heat storage medium is liquid medium preferably, such as water.The material of said heat insulation wall 6 can be benzene plate, polyurethane sheet or rock wool.
During concrete operations; Combined wall can adopt following structure: said accumulation of heat body of wall 5 is formed by one or more separate unit structures with heat insulation wall 6; And the area of absence on shape and the support frame 2 is suitable; Be arranged in the support frame 2 a piece dismounting (as shown in Figure 3) again during hot season then.Certainly to those skilled in the art, also have much other methods that detachable partition wall is set in support frame 2, enumerate no longer one by one at this.
The above embodiment; Being preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not to limit practical range of the present invention, so all according to the described conspicuous change of claim of the present invention; And other does not break away from the change of essence of the present invention, all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind can comprise support frame and the gable that is arranged at the support frame both sides with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function, and said support frame is provided with transparent cladding material, it is characterized in that: below support frame, be vertically arranged with support frame along the top; Be provided with dismountable partition wall in the said support frame.
2. according to claim 1 can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function: said partition wall is a two layer composite structure, and one deck is the accumulation of heat body of wall that heat storage medium is housed, and another layer is a heat insulation wall.
3. according to claim 2 can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function: said accumulation of heat body of wall and heat insulation wall are formed by one or more separate unit structures, and the area of absence on shape and the support frame is suitable.
4. according to claim 1 can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function: said support frame is an arch.
5. according to each described can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function among the claim 1-4: said partition wall becomes the region separation of support frame below in the greenhouse of two symmetries.
6. according to each described can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function among the claim 1-4: said support frame is a steel construction.
7. according to each described can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function among the claim 1-4: said transparent cladding material is plastic film, hard plastic board or glass.
8. according to each described can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function among the claim 2-4: the material of said heat insulation wall is benzene plate, polyurethane sheet or rock wool.
9. according to each described can it is characterized in that with the greenhouse of seasonal variation changing function among the claim 2-4: said heat storage medium is a liquid medium.
CN 201110247386 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Greenhouse capable of shifting function with seasonal change Pending CN102318515A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110247386 CN102318515A (en) 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Greenhouse capable of shifting function with seasonal change

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110247386 CN102318515A (en) 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Greenhouse capable of shifting function with seasonal change

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CN102318515A true CN102318515A (en) 2012-01-18

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102630527A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-15 滦南县南唐水果种植专业合作社 Greenhouse interpenetrating production method and special double-body greenhouse structure
CN103141335A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-06-12 武翰林 Energy-saving, environment-friendly and multifunctional vegetable greenhouse
CN103650988A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-03-26 山东省农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Double-faced sunlight greenhouse with changeable middle wall
CN103798080A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Southern-northern solar greenhouse for energy collection and thermal storage
CN105830807A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 山东省农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 New solar greenhouse vegetable cultivation mode
CN106962067A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-07-21 南京农业大学 A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH633672A5 (en) * 1978-11-24 1982-12-31 Thomas J Pfau Forcing bed box
CN1182530A (en) * 1997-11-14 1998-05-27 王国良 High-potency energy-saving double-arch greenhouse and material
CN1480026A (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-03-10 沈阳农业大学 Heliogreenhouse in bi-directional and shed sape
CN200994314Y (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-12-26 吴炳龙 Sunlight greenhouse for adapting south climate
CN201323801Y (en) * 2008-11-13 2009-10-14 杨凌雨露节水绿化工程有限公司 Assembled sunlight greenhouse

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH633672A5 (en) * 1978-11-24 1982-12-31 Thomas J Pfau Forcing bed box
CN1182530A (en) * 1997-11-14 1998-05-27 王国良 High-potency energy-saving double-arch greenhouse and material
CN1480026A (en) * 2003-07-10 2004-03-10 沈阳农业大学 Heliogreenhouse in bi-directional and shed sape
CN200994314Y (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-12-26 吴炳龙 Sunlight greenhouse for adapting south climate
CN201323801Y (en) * 2008-11-13 2009-10-14 杨凌雨露节水绿化工程有限公司 Assembled sunlight greenhouse

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102630527A (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-08-15 滦南县南唐水果种植专业合作社 Greenhouse interpenetrating production method and special double-body greenhouse structure
CN103141335A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-06-12 武翰林 Energy-saving, environment-friendly and multifunctional vegetable greenhouse
CN103650988A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-03-26 山东省农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Double-faced sunlight greenhouse with changeable middle wall
CN103798080A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-21 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Southern-northern solar greenhouse for energy collection and thermal storage
CN103798080B (en) * 2014-01-27 2015-09-23 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 A kind of two-way greenhouse by solar heat in north and south of energy collecting accumulation of heat
CN105830807A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 山东省农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 New solar greenhouse vegetable cultivation mode
CN106962067A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-07-21 南京农业大学 A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production

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Application publication date: 20120118

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