CN106962067A - A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production - Google Patents

A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106962067A
CN106962067A CN201710189500.8A CN201710189500A CN106962067A CN 106962067 A CN106962067 A CN 106962067A CN 201710189500 A CN201710189500 A CN 201710189500A CN 106962067 A CN106962067 A CN 106962067A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arch
greenhouse
east
head tree
heliogreenhouse
Prior art date
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Pending
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CN201710189500.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭世荣
蓝盾
王健
倪梦伟
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Nanjing Agricultural University
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Nanjing Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201710189500.8A priority Critical patent/CN106962067A/en
Publication of CN106962067A publication Critical patent/CN106962067A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/16Dismountable or portable greenhouses ; Greenhouses with sliding roofs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1438Covering materials therefor; Materials for protective coverings used for soil and plants, e.g. films, canopies, tunnels or cloches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/227Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like rolled up during non-use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/243Collecting solar energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Greenhouses (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production, including arch-shaped greenhouse, heliogreenhouse and workplace;Described arch-shaped greenhouse is connected side by side with heliogreenhouse in length direction, and is separated with plastic sheeting;External sunshade system is provided with the top of arch-shaped greenhouse and heliogreenhouse, the first heat preservation system inside is provided with inside arch-shaped greenhouse, the second heat preservation system inside is provided with inside heliogreenhouse.Keelof green house structure of the present invention is that assembled is installed, time and labour saving, construction, easy to maintenance, can migrate to strange land and installs to reuse.The present invention improves the deficiency such as common plasticses greenhouse and bilayer film booth thermal insulation difference, the shortcomings of improving heliogreenhouse summer high temperature high humidity, and wall thermal insulating heat storage performance is excellent, makes full use of solar energy, and rear wall can increase glazed area, make full use of illumination.This greenhouse compatibility is stronger, it is adaptable to Huaihe River areas to the south.

Description

A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production
Technical field
The present invention relates to greenhouse structure, specially a kind of company's Donges luminous energy temperature for Yangtze river basin whole year production Room.
Background technology
China's modern installations gardening is in the ascendant, and heliogreenhouse meets China as a kind of energy-conservation and the low facility of cost Growth requirement at this stage.Northern area using the Qinling Mountains-Huaihe River as boundary is because winter is cold but illumination is sufficient, therefore heliogreenhouse is herein Widelyd popularize in area.And southern area winter illumination is less, be not suitable for building conventional heliogreenhouse, Gu Gaidiquyuan Skill facility is more based on vinyl house.The characteristics of heliogreenhouse has accumulation of heat on daytime, night insulation, winter, which does not heat, can also cultivate Crop, but the face of greenhouse three is wall, and performance of ventilating and light transmission are poor, are difficult cooling, and Summer Indoor is easily hot and humid, plant Training is difficult.Vinyl house four sides printing opacity, ventilation and heat is good, and covering sunshade net can Long summer cultivation, but poor thermal insulation property, winter Cultivation is difficult, to solve the shortcomings and deficiencies of vinyl house, it is thus proposed that plastics double greenhouses, in common plasticses greenhouse, tightly Taken again close to frame and cover layer of plastic film again on easy a, frame being made up of bamboo and wood and iron wire, frame, formed " outer greenhouse " and " interior greenhouse " overlay structure, inside and outside two layers of plastic thin films covering, is remarkably improved the heat insulating ability of vinyl house.According to Determine, double greenhouse structure winters improve 3~8 DEG C of temperature than common greenhouse.Therefore double-layer plastic film covering can reinforced plastics it is thin The heat insulating ability of film greenhouse, specifically, the greenhouse of this coverage mode can be divided into two-layer inflatable greenhouse (bilayer film Inflatable greenhouse) With two kinds of double-decker greenhouse (double framves double-deck canopy).Two-layer inflatable greenhouse:Compared with traditional Plastic film greenhouse, except covering material Expect outside for double-layer inflated film, other are almost not much difference.Double-decker greenhouse:Its purpose is also for acquirement double-layer inflatable The energy-saving effect in greenhouse, but employ double-deck skeleton on pattern handling and support double-layer filmses respectively, eliminate two layers it is intermembranous Aeration blower fan.Its advantage is the operating cost for saving inflation power consumption, it is to avoid double-layer inflatable intermembranous condensation, and settable Film rolling mechanism opens or closes two membranes respectively, is opened and closed plastic foil according to outdoor intensity of illumination and temperature change, makes greenhouse Operate in energy-conservation and two aspects of daylighting try to achieve optimum management, further the operation energy consumption in reduction greenhouse, cost-effective, especially fits Used together in the not enough area of south China illumination.But due to adding one layer of additional structure, add the shade of Keelof green house Rate.From the point of view of operational effect, its energy-saving effect is higher than two-layer inflatable greenhouse by 5%~10%.But double-decker greenhouse is due to two Tunic can be outer membrane (when outer membrane is rolled, inner layer film serves as outer membrane), in the northern area that dust content of air is larger In use, the pollution of film is larger, the integral light-transmitting rate reduction in greenhouse.It is noted that as a result of double-layer inflated film Covering, the light transmittance in greenhouse have dropped 10% or so.China illumination is sufficient and the relatively low northern area of winter temperature is using having Preferable effect, but should not typically be used in the Changjiang river areas to the south, because winter illumination is not enough, and temperature is higher, and bilayer fills The energy-saving effect of gas is difficult to make up due to the loss that printing opacity is not enough and brings.It is therefore proposed that a kind of be applied to Yangtze river basin , it is low input high production and the four seasons can cultivate the novel greenhouse of production, be urgent problem to be solved.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to be used for Yangtze river basin whole year production there is provided one kind for deficiency of the prior art Company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse, maximize input-output ratio and sunlight-heat reaources utilization rate.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production, including arch-shaped greenhouse 1, heliogreenhouse 2 and workplace 3;Described arch-shaped greenhouse 1 is connected side by side with heliogreenhouse 2 in length direction, and is separated with plastic sheeting; The top of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and heliogreenhouse 2 is provided with external sunshade system 4, and the first inside holding system is provided with inside arch-shaped greenhouse 1 System, is provided with the second heat preservation system inside inside heliogreenhouse 2.
It is preferred that, the plastic sheeting separated for arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and heliogreenhouse 2 is realized equipped with film-coiling device freely to be rolled up Put.Thin separation film is rolled and is fixed on upper end by summer by film-coiling device, and winter is put down use again, and two greenhouses, which are communicated, to be conducive to Aeration-cooling and management.
Described arch-shaped greenhouse 1, heliogreenhouse 2 are south-north direction arrangement, east-west direction extension;Arch-shaped greenhouse 2 Positioned at southern side, span is 10.0m, shoulder height 3.0m, the high 5.0m of ridge;Heliogreenhouse 2 is located at north side, and span is 10.0m, and crop is a height of 3.0m, a height of 5.5m of ridge, rear wall are highly 4.0m, and later half pitched roof floor projection is 1.40m;Described workplace 3 abuts day The east gable 24 of light greenhouse 2.The high 6m of external sunshade system 4.
Described arch-shaped greenhouse 1 includes the first head tree basis 51 of two row East and West direction symmetric arrays, vertical in the first master The first head tree 71 is fixed with column foundation 51, a standard width of a room in an old-style house is constituted between two neighboring first head tree 71 of going together, in southern side The two neighboring centre position of first head tree 71 is fixed with the first strut 111, between two neighboring first head tree 71 in north side It is equidistant to be fixed with two vertical struts 15;First gutter longeron 121 is installed at every top of the first head tree of row 71, in gutter The top of longeron 121 is provided with the first gutter 61;The first head tree 71 is corresponded between two the first gutter of row longerons 121 and adjacent The midpoint of two the first head trees 71, which is set up, the first arch bar 81, and each first arch bar 81 is realized by first longitudinal direction pull bar 131 East and West direction is connected, and first arch bar 81 of the correspondence in addition to east, west two ends is provided with the first cross-tie 171;In arch-shaped greenhouse 1 East, first arch bar 81 at west two ends are supported by the first side wall column 91 respectively, and first is passed through between the first side wall of homonymy column 91 Contact cross bar 101 is connected, and plastic sheeting is covered each by east, west side, and is provided with east side sliding door 26;Arch-shaped greenhouse 1 Southern side covers fly net and plastic sheeting successively outward from interior;At the upper end 800mm of the first gutter 61 of arch-shaped greenhouse north side Opening sets the first skylight 251 (i.e. skylight lower edge and the vertical range 800mm of the first gutter 61), the length of the first skylight 251 and Arch-shaped greenhouse length is consistent, and the first described skylight 251 covers fly net and plastic sheeting successively outward from interior;In arch-shaped The outer covering plastic sheeting of skylight 251 is removed on first arch bar 81 of greenhouse 1.
Specifically, the two ends for the first cross-tie 171 that the first head tree 71 of correspondence is set are separately fixed at East and West direction pair On the first head tree 71 claimed, the two ends for the first cross-tie 171 that the two neighboring midpoint of first head tree 71 of correspondence is set On the first gutter longeron 121 for being separately fixed at East and West direction arrangement.
The first described contact cross bar 101 and first cross-tie 171 is in sustained height.
The spacing of two the first head trees of row 71 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 is 10.0m;With two neighboring first head tree 71 of a line At intervals of 4.0m;Often row is provided with 13 the first head trees 71.
Described the first head tree basis 51 is point type isolated footing.
Outlet pass is provided with the described head and the tail two ends of the first gutter 61, outlet pass, which connects water service pipe, to be used to discharge ponding.
It is preferred that, it is equidistant between the first arch bar 81 and the first corresponding cross-tie 171 to be provided with three first arches The vertical pull bar 181 of frame;The first bow member oblique drawbar 191 is respectively equipped with positioned at the vertical both sides of pull bar 181 of middle first bow member;First The vertical pull bar 181 of the bow member of bow member oblique drawbar 191 and first is in 30-45 ° of angle.
The east of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, the plastic sheeting in west side are entered by jump ring and the neck being fixed on the first side wall column 91 Row is fixed.
Described heliogreenhouse 2 includes and basic 51 the second parallel head tree bases of the first head tree of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 Plinth 52, equidistantly fixes the second head tree 72, the second head tree 72 and arch-shaped greenhouse north side on the second head tree basis 52 The symmetric arrays of first head tree 71, the second head tree 72 is higher than the first head tree 71, in the middle of two neighboring second head tree 72 The second strut 112 is arranged, the inner side of the second head tree of correspondence 72 is provided with the pre- buried column of brick wall on the second head tree basis 52;Second The top of head tree 72 is provided with the second gutter longeron 122, and the second gutter 62 is provided with the top of the second gutter longeron 122; The second head tree 72 is corresponded between two gutter longerons 122 and north side the first gutter longeron 121 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and two neighboring The midpoint of second head tree 72, sets up and passes through second longitudinal direction pull bar between asymmetric second arch bar 82, each second arch bar 82 132 realize that East and West direction is connected, the second head tree 72 in addition to east, west two ends and with its symmetrical north side first of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 Second cross-tie 172 is installed, between north side the first gutter longeron 121 and the second gutter longeron 122 between head tree 71 The second arch bar 82 set up corresponding to the two neighboring midpoint of second head tree 72 is provided with brace 173;In heliogreenhouse 2 East, second arch bar 82 at west two ends are supported by the second side wall column 92 respectively, and second is passed through between the second side wall of homonymy column 92 Contact cross bar 102 is connected, and foam core color steel (i.e. styrofoam) is respectively mounted in east, west side, forms east, west side gable 24; Opening sets the second skylight 252 at the upper end 800mm of the first gutter 61 in heliogreenhouse southern side, and in the summit of the second arch bar 82 south Side sets the 3rd skylight 253 at the insulation quilt 27 of winding state, and overlapping not with winding the insulation quilt 27 of state, each skylight is long Degree is consistent with greenhouse length, and skylight covers fly net and plastic sheeting successively outward from interior, and plastic sheeting is by electric curl-up film device Drive, which is freely rolled up, puts;Skylight outer covering plastic sheeting is removed on the second arch bar 82 of heliogreenhouse 2;In after the roofing of heliogreenhouse 2 Insulation quilt 27 is laid on slope, insulation quilt 27 can the roofing of all standing heliogreenhouse 2, and can be driven by electric rolling by device and freely roll up and put; Second head tree basis 52 is provided with rear wall of greenhouse, and rear wall of greenhouse includes bottom combined wall 30 and upper box posture wall 29, Described combined wall 30 includes heat dissipating layer, recuperation layer and heat-insulation layer from inside to outside;Provided with removable in frame type wall 29 The internal layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board and outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board of dress, and the top of combined wall 30 and the bottom of the second gutter longeron 122 it Between be provided with vertical connecting rod 14 in the second head tree 72 and the north side of the second strut 112 respectively;Outside described frame type wall 32 Side is used to prevent rainwater from drenching Corchorus capsularis fiber board provided with dismountable plastic sheeting, and plastic sheeting is fixed on located at vertical by jump ring In the neck in the outside of connecting rod 14;In the described inner side of frame type wall 29 covered with dismountable fly net.
Described the second head tree basis 52 is strip footing.
Outlet pass is provided with the described head and the tail two ends of the second gutter 62, outlet pass, which connects water service pipe, to be used to discharge ponding.
It is preferred that, it is equidistant between the second cross-tie 172 and the second corresponding arch bar 82 to be provided with three second The vertical pull bar 182 of bow member, the second bow member oblique drawbar 192 is being respectively equipped with positioned at the vertical both sides of pull bar 182 of middle second bow member; Second bow member oblique drawbar 192 and the vertical pull bar 182 of the second bow member are in 30-45 ° of angle.In brace 173 and corresponding It is equidistant between second arch bar 82 to be provided with three vertical pull bars 183 of the 3rd bow member.
First arch bar 81 is spliced by the circular arc galvanizing by dipping round steel pipe rod member of two same sizes;Second arch bar 82 By one is long and the other is short, arc galvanizing by dipping round steel pipe rod member is spliced.
The quantity of the second described contact cross bar 102 is more than 2, preferably 2, is specifically included and the second cross-tie 172 the second contact cross bars 102 in sustained height and the one second contact cross bar close to the bottom of the second side wall column 92 102;Most preferably 4, in addition to cross bar is contacted about 102 positioned at being in the second of sustained height with the second cross-tie 172 Two second contact cross bars 102 of both sides.
Described heat dissipating layer is formed by clay brick masonry, and described recuperation layer is filled by turf matrix to be formed, described guarantor Warm layer is made up of foam core color steel.The bottom of second head tree 72 and the second strut 112 is embedded in the insulation of combined wall 30 In layer, the bottom of the pre- buried column 20 of brick wall is embedded in the heat dissipating layer of combined wall 30, and top is connected with the second arch bar 82.
Described internal layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board is by being fixed in combined wall 33 groove on edge and being fixed on heliogreenhouse second The groove positioning of arch bar 82;Described outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board by be fixed on the top outer of combined wall 33 groove and second day The groove positioning of ditch longeron 122;The lateral surface of outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board and the first head tree 72, the lateral surface of the second strut 112 In same plane.Corchorus capsularis fiber board is formed by tossa through molding, and Corchorus capsularis fiber board density is 60-140Kg/m3, its heat conduction Coefficient is in 0.09-0.11Wm-1·K-1Between, difference is smaller to each other, illustrates tossa thermal insulation preferably, from low close The Corchorus capsularis fiber board of degree is that can reach heat-insulation and heat-preservation requirement, therefore, and the density of Corchorus capsularis fiber board is preferred to use 60Kg/m3.Jute The thermal conductivity factor of fiberboard is relatively low, and preferably, its density is smaller for heat insulating effect, be easy to economize on material, easy construction and It is easily installed and dismantles.And cavity wall is constituted by two layers of Corchorus capsularis fiber board, there is air layer centre, because whole wall is sealing (outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board north side is covered with plastic sheeting, can effectively prevent Air Infiltration;Width:Hou Qiang east sides are work Between, west side is gable, so that rear wall reaches sealing effectiveness), therefore intermediate air layer is still air, and the heat transfer of still air Coefficient is very small, can stop that heat is lost in by wall well, high insulating effect.The Corchorus capsularis fiber board can be installed freely And dismounting, winter installs Corchorus capsularis fiber board and can reduce indoor heat and outwards scatter and disappear, and plays function of heat insulation, greenhouse heat-insulating is heat-insulated Performance is good;Summer, which is removed, can increase greenhouse glazed area and draught area, can improve greenhouse illumination condition, improve greenhouse Aeration-cooling effect, the effectively indoor humiture of reduction, prevent hot and humid, are conducive to the normal growth of chamber crop, it is ensured that Greenhouse whole year production, reduces the vacancy rate in greenhouse.
The different densities jute sheet material thermal conductivity factor of table 1
The southern side wall of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 is with 1 set of electric curl-up film device;1 set of electric curl-up film device, electric rolling are respectively set by 3 skylights Membrane device can automatically roll up and put plastic sheeting, to open or close ventilating opening.The modeling separated for arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and heliogreenhouse 2 Material film and be respectively overlay in the east of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, south, the side of west three plastic sheeting for three layers of composite metallocene it is ageing-resistant Anti-dropping film.The plastic sheeting for being located at the outside of frame type wall 32 is three layers of ageing-resistant anti-dropping film of composite metallocene.Arch-shaped greenhouse 1 The plastic sheeting of arch bar, the plastic sheeting of the arch bar top of heliogreenhouse 2 covering and three skylight coverings obtains (3 layers of film for PEP is sharp Co-extrusion longevity Anti-fogging Film).
Fly net and plastic sheeting of the present invention are fixed using jump ring with neck fixed on skeleton.
Described external sunshade system 4 includes three row external sunshade columns 21, contact vertical pole 22, truss 31;Three row external sunshades are stood Post 21 is separately mounted in the second gutter 62 of two the first gutters of row 61 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and heliogreenhouse 2 by Nan Wangbei, and (the external sunshade column 21 i.e. in the gutter 61 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 first is located at the first master directly over corresponding head tree Directly over column 71, the external sunshade column 21 in the gutter 62 of heliogreenhouse 2 second is located at directly over the second head tree 72, With the two neighboring external sunshade head tree 21 of a line at intervals of 4.0m), the top of three row external sunshade columns 21 is located at same level Face;Often the top of row external sunshade column 21 realizes that East and West direction is connected by contacting vertical pole 22, and in adjacent rows external sunshade column 21 Upper end fixes truss 31 and realizes that north and south is transversely attached (distance of the two neighboring truss of East and West direction is 4.0m), and totally two row north-souths are arranged The truss of row, totally 13 row's East and West directions arrangement truss, the top of truss 31 is realized that East and West direction is connected by the 3rd longitudinal tie 32 and caused Truss is linked to be entirety, and two short longitudinal tie 33, two short longitudinal directions are provided between east, two row's truss at west two ends close respectively Pull bar 33 is located at the both sides of the 3rd longitudinal tie 32 respectively;6 back-up roller wheels are mounted equidistant on every row's truss 31 to be used to install east West is provided with the first push rod 34 to the first push rod 34 (back-up roller wheel of totally 6 row East and West directions arrangement) in colleague's back-up roller wheel;In phase Ante-venna 35 is provided between adjacent two row's truss 31, totally 12 ante-vennas, shade supporting wire and pressure curtain are set up between adjacent two rows truss 31 Line, ante-venna 35 is located between shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, the east side truss frame for connecting 31 (fixed) of described ante-venna 35, west Removable first guide rod 36 of side connection, the first guide rod 36 is scheduled on the first push rod 34 by connecting fixing;In centrally located truss Side arrangement decelerator, decelerator is connected by drive shaft with the first push rod 34 drives the volume of ante-venna to put.
Decelerator is connected by shaft coupling with drive shaft, and drive shaft is provided with the gear being coaxial therewith, and is pushed away first The middle part of bar 34 (both sides of central truss) is provided with the sawtooth engaged with gear.The length for the sawtooth arranged on push rod with it is two neighboring The distance of truss is identical.Decelerator is fixed using motor fixing frame, generally within external sunshade system centre position, makes both sides Stress and resistance are relatively balanced uniformly, while reserving the engaged gears that certain position sets serrate push rod, sawtooth and drive shaft Together.When reducing motor starts, drive push rod to move by drive shaft, so as to drive guide rod, drive sunshade net westwards to open Or close eastwards.
It is preferred that, the symmetrical bearing diagonal 23 of East and West direction is installed on every external sunshade head tree 21 of middle row, entered One step by bearing diagonal 23 make external sunshade head tree 21 be connected with truss play improve external sunshade system intensity effect.
The first described guide rod 36 uses side aluminium section bar.Described ante-venna selects GL80 basic form sunshade nets.
, can also be by the west side truss frame for connecting 31 (fixed) of ante-venna 35 in external sunshade system, east side connection is removable Dynamic guide rod 36.
Described the first heat preservation system inside and the second heat preservation system inside is structure identical heat preservation system inside.
The first described heat preservation system inside is included on the first cross-tie 171 of the standard width of a room in an old-style house both sides of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 equidistantly From 3 back-up roller wheels (arch-shaped greenhouse 1 has the back-up roller wheel that 3 row East and West directions are arranged) of installation, installed in colleague's back-up roller wheel There is the second push rod of East and West direction 37 to realize that East and West direction is connected;Inside thermal screen 16 is provided between the standard width of a room in an old-style house of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, and is protected inside The warm upper and lower of curtain 16 sets up shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, and inside thermal screen 16 is through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line;The interior guarantor in most east side The east side of warm curtain 16 is fixed on the first contact cross bar 101, and the east side of other inside thermal screens 16 is fixed on standard width of a room in an old-style house east side first laterally Pull bar 171;The second horizontal guide rod 38 of the west side of inside thermal screen 16 connection north and south, the second guide rod 38 is scheduled on second by connecting fixing On push rod 37;In the fixed reducing motor in the middle part of the first cross-tie 171 at the centre of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, pass through driving Axle is connected with the second push rod 37 drives the volume of inside thermal screen to put, so as to pull curtain westwards to open, closes eastwards.Greenhouse electrical control cubicles Upper that manual/auto change-over switch is housed, inside holding motor can be realized under the instruction of operating personnel or computer control system and opened Close.
Pressure curtain line and shade supporting wire in first heat preservation system inside are separately fixed at arch-shaped greenhouse thing, the first of both sides It is on cross bar 101;Or except the standard width of a room in an old-style house at thing two ends, the pressure curtain line and shade supporting wire of other standard widths of a room in an old-style house are fixed on two neighboring first horizontal stroke To between pull bar 171, the thing two ends standard width of a room in an old-style house is then that pressure curtain line and shade supporting wire are fixed on into the first cross-tie 171 and the first contact Cross bar 101, reduces the load-bearing of shade supporting wire.
The second described heat preservation system inside is included in 3 of equidistant installation on the second cross-tie 172 of heliogreenhouse 2 Back-up roller wheel (back-up roller wheel for having 3 row East and West directions to arrange in heliogreenhouse 2), East and West direction second is provided with colleague's back-up roller wheel Push rod 37 realizes that East and West direction is connected;Inside thermal screen 16 is provided between the second cross-tie 172 of heliogreenhouse 2, and is protected inside The warm upper and lower of curtain 16 sets up shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, and inside thermal screen 16 is through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line;The interior guarantor in most east side Warm curtain 16 is fixed on to be contacted on cross bar 102 with second of the second cross-tie 172 in sustained height, other inside thermal screens 16 It is held within second cross-tie 172 in its east side;The second horizontal guide rod 38 of the west side of inside thermal screen 16 connection north and south, the Two guide rods 38 are scheduled on the second push rod 37 by connecting fixing;In the second cross-tie 172 at the centre of heliogreenhouse 2 Middle part fix reducing motor, by drive shaft be connected with the second push rod 37 drive inside thermal screen volume put so that pull curtain to West is opened, and is closed eastwards.Manual/auto change-over switch is housed, inside holding motor can be in operating personnel or meter in greenhouse electrical control cubicles Opening and closing is realized under the instruction of calculation machine control system.
The second described guide rod 38 uses side aluminium section bar.Described inside thermal screen selects GLS65 aluminium foil sunshading and thermal insulating heavy curtains.
In heat preservation system inside, decelerator is connected by shaft coupling with drive shaft, and drive shaft is provided with what is be coaxial therewith Gear, at the middle part of the second push rod 37 (at the first cross-tie 171 or the centre of heliogreenhouse 2 at the centre of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 The second cross-tie 172 by) provided with the sawtooth that is engaged with gear.The length for the sawtooth arranged on push rod and standard width of a room in an old-style house length phase Together.When reducing motor starts, drive the second push rod to move by drive shaft, so as to drive the second guide rod, drive inside thermal screen to Open or close eastwards in west.
In heat preservation system inside, the east side of inside thermal screen 16 can also be connected to removable guide rod 38, west side connection is laterally drawn Bar 172 contacts cross bar 102 with second of the second cross-tie 172 in sustained height.
Compared to the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention:
1st, Keelof green house structure be assembled install, time and labour saving, construction, it is easy to maintenance, can migrate to strange land installation To reuse.
2nd, wall thermal insulating heat storage performance is excellent, makes full use of solar energy, be not required to Heat artificially just can raise crop in the winter time, Save the energy.
3rd, heliogreenhouse thing gable material is foam core color steel (i.e. styrofoam), and root is it was found that greenhouse length is big In after 2 times of span, the storage exothermal effect of gable can be neglected.Therefore gable material is used instead after the styrofoam of simple function, temperature It is constant that room stores emission capacity;Simultaneously in view of styrofoam is bigger than the thermal resistance of conventional gable material clay brick, greenhouse heat-insulating heat-proof quality It has been lifted that, and styrofoam is cheap, simple installation, environment-friendly light.
4th, wall construction is compared with traditional rear wall of greenhouse after heliogreenhouse, under the requirement of identical heat-accumulating and-keeping effect, goes along with sb. to guard him knot Structure is with low cost, because the density of tossa sheet material is smaller, is easy to economize on material and installation.Wall supporting construction intensity afterwards Height, substantially reduces the accident in greenhouse use.
5th, external sunshade net has the function of greenhouse cooling, Illumination adjusting.
6th, inside thermal screen has control illumination, regulation humidity, heat preservation energy-saving, the function of anti-drip.Protected using aluminium foil sunshade Warm heavy curtain, because that with good air-tightness and can absorb, major part far infrared reflected, so with good heat insulating ability Can, further, since the heavy curtain self-temperature is higher, air is difficult to form condensed water below, and it drips to chamber covering material Condensed water have absorb and support ability in itself, therefore can control humidity and to greatly reduce greenhouse drip phenomenon.Specifically, The effect major embodiment of inside thermal screen is in the following areas:(1) the heating space in greenhouse is reduced;(2) cold wind in greenhouse is reduced Permeate heat loss;(3) radiation heat transfer of greenhouse floor and crop to sky is reduced;(4) the heat convection heat in greenhouse is added Resistance;(5) reduce due to the latent heat losses that aqueous vapor is condensed and is produced;(6) illumination is adjusted, can also be entered when sunlight is excessively strong at noon Row sunshading and temperature reducing.
7th, the deficiency such as common plasticses greenhouse and bilayer film booth thermal insulation difference is improved, heliogreenhouse summer high temperature is optimized The shortcomings of high humidity, rear wall can increase glazed area, make full use of illumination.This greenhouse compatibility is stronger, it is adaptable on the south Huaihe River Area.
8th, greenhouse film rollable in the south, skylight can be opened, and rear wall upper semisection is detachable, is used equally for gravity-flow ventilation, therefore Performance of ventilating is excellent.Thin separation film can be rolled and be fixed on upper end by summer, and winter is put down use again, and two greenhouses are communicated favorably In aeration-cooling and management.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is energy of the sun greenhouse of the present invention front view.
Fig. 2 is energy of the sun greenhouse of the present invention southeast side schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is energy of the sun greenhouse of the present invention northwest side schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is that energy of the sun greenhouse inner frame east of the present invention attempts.
Fig. 5 is that energy of the sun greenhouse inner frame west of the present invention attempts.
Fig. 6 is arch-shaped greenhouse and the middle part junction skeleton schematic diagram of heliogreenhouse 2 in energy of the sun greenhouse of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the first heat preservation system inside schematic diagram in energy of the sun greenhouse of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the second heat preservation system inside schematic diagram in energy of the sun greenhouse of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is energy of the sun greenhouse top of the present invention ventilation schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is energy of the sun greenhouse heat-insulating quilt schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the northern view of energy of the sun rear wall of greenhouse of the present invention.
Figure 12 is energy of the sun sun-shading system outside greenhouse schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the scheme of installation of truss in external sunshade system.
Figure 14 is the scheme of installation of ante-venna in external sunshade system.
Figure 15 is the part of external sunshade system top view.
In figure, 1- arch-shaped greenhouses, 2- heliogreenhouses, 3- workplaces, 4- external sunshade systems, the head trees of 51- first basis, The head trees of 52- second basis, the gutters of 61- first, the gutters of 62- first, the head trees of 71- first, the head trees of 72- second, 81- first Arch bar, the arch bars of 82- second, 91- the first side wall columns, 92- the second side wall columns, the contact cross bars of 101- first, 102- second It is cross bar, the struts of 111- first, the struts of 112- second, 121- the first gutter longerons, 131- first longitudinal direction pull bars, 132- second is indulged To pull bar, the vertical connecting rods of 14-, the vertical pull bars of 15-, 16- inside thermal screens, the cross-ties of 171- first, 172- second is laterally drawn Bar, 173- braces, the vertical pull bar of the bow members of 181- first, the vertical pull bar of the bow members of 182- second, 191- the first bow member oblique drawbars, 192- the second bow member oblique drawbars, the pre- buried column of 20- brick walls, 21- external sunshade columns, 22- contact vertical poles, 23- bearing diagonals, 24- mountains Wall, the skylights of 251- first, the skylights of 252- second, the skylights of 253- the 3rd, 26- sliding doors, 27- insulation quilts, 28- insulation quilts volume are put Device, 29- frame type walls, wall after 30- is compound, 31- truss, the longitudinal ties of 32- the 3rd, the short longitudinal ties of 33-, 34- first are pushed away Bar, 35- ante-vennas, the guide rods of 36- first, the push rods of 37- second, the guide rods of 38- second.
Figure 16 is energy of the sun in January greenhouse indoor air temperature and outside air temperature tendency chart.
Figure 17 be typical case's cloudy day January with indoor and outdoor under the conditions of fine day in the daytime, pair of night and whole day temperature average value Than figure.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is described further with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1-15, a kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production, including arch-shaped Greenhouse 1 and heliogreenhouse 2 and workplace 3.
Described arch-shaped greenhouse 1, heliogreenhouse 2 are south-north direction arrangement, east-west direction extension;Arch-shaped greenhouse 2 Positioned at southern side, span is 10.0m, shoulder height 3.0m, the high 5.0m of ridge;Heliogreenhouse 2 is located at north side, and span is 10.0m, and crop is a height of 3.0m, a height of 5.5m of ridge, rear wall are highly 4.0m, and rear wall thickness is 0.60m, and rear roofing inclination angle is 46 °, later half pitched roof level It is projected as 1.40m;Described workplace 3 abuts the east gable 24 of heliogreenhouse 2, and 6000mm long from south to north, the wide 4000mm of thing are high 3000mm.The high 6m of external sunshade system.
Described arch-shaped greenhouse 1 is connected side by side with heliogreenhouse 2 in length direction, and (uses three layers with plastic sheeting The ageing-resistant anti-dropping film of composite metallocene) cut-off;External sunshade system 4 is provided with the top of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and heliogreenhouse 2, The inside of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 is provided with the first heat preservation system inside, and the second heat preservation system inside is provided with inside heliogreenhouse 2.
Described arch-shaped greenhouse 1 includes the first head tree 71 of two row East and West direction symmetric arrays, is separately mounted to arch circle The southern side of shape greenhouse 1 and arch-shaped greenhouse 1 and the junction of heliogreenhouse 2, row and line space 10.0m, the first head tree basis 51 Fixed by the first head tree basis 51 positioned at its bottom;Interval (standard width of a room in an old-style house) with two neighboring first head tree 71 of a line is 4.0m, often row is provided with 13 the first head trees 71;The first support is fixed with the two neighboring centre position of first head tree 71 in southern side Bar 111, it is equidistant between two neighboring first head tree 71 in north side to be fixed with two vertical struts 15.In every row first, master is vertical The top of post 71 is provided with the first gutter longeron 121, the first head tree of East and West direction 71 is connected two-by-two, at the top of gutter longeron 121 First gutter 61 is installed, the head and the tail of the first gutter 61 are provided with outlet pass, and outlet pass, which connects water service pipe, to be used to discharge ponding.In two rows First head tree 71 and two neighboring first head tree 71 of the correspondence in addition to east, west two ends between first gutter longeron 121 Midpoint frame mounting and connection parts, being set up by connection member has the first arch bar 81, and the first arch bar 81 is by two same sizes Circular arc galvanizing by dipping round steel pipe rod member is spliced, totally 25;Each first arch bar 81 realizes east by first longitudinal direction pull bar 131 West is fixed to connection between the first arch bar 81 and first longitudinal direction pull bar 131 with wire clip.The first arch bar 81 of correspondence is provided with first Cross-tie 171;It is equidistant between first arch bar 81 and the first cross-tie 171 between first head tree 71 to add three the first bow members Vertical pull bar 181 and two the first bow member oblique drawbars 191, the first bow member oblique drawbar 191 are symmetrically distributed in centre first and encircleed The vertical both sides of pull bar 181 of frame, the first bow member oblique drawbar 191 and the vertical pull bar 181 of the first bow member are in 30-45 ° of angle;In the standard width of a room in an old-style house It is only equidistant between the first arch bar 81 and the first cross-tie 171 at portion to add the vertical pull bar 181 of three the first bow members.In arch-shaped Plastic sheeting is covered on first arch bar 81 of greenhouse 1;The east of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, west two ends the first arch bar 81 respectively by 4,5 The first side wall of root column 91 is supported, by being in sustained height with the first cross-tie 171 between the first side wall of homonymy column 91 The first contact cross bar 101 connect, plastic sheeting is covered each by east, west side (using three layers of ageing-resistant drip of composite metallocene Film), plastic sheeting is fixed on by jump ring in the neck being located on the first contact cross bar 101 and the first side wall column 91;In east Side is provided with sliding door 26.The southern side of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 covers white 28 mesh fly net and plastic sheeting (use successively outward from interior Three layers of ageing-resistant anti-dropping film of composite metallocene), southern side plastic sheeting is fixed on by jump ring is transversely mounted on head tree and strut Neck in, southern side plastic sheeting is with 1 set of electric curl-up film device, stroke 1.9m.On the first gutter 61 of arch-shaped greenhouse north side Hold opening at 800mm that the first skylight 251 is set, the length of skylight 251 is consistent with arch-shaped greenhouse length, and width is 0.8m, skylight 251 cover 28 mesh fly nets and plastic sheeting successively outward from interior, and the plastic sheeting obtains film (the long-lived nothings of 3 layers of co-extrusion using PEP is sharp Drop film), thick 0.15mm fixes 1 set of electric curl-up film device in the east side of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, and fixes by skylight wound membrane pipe, wound membrane pipe For the thick galvanizing pipes of Φ 22mm x 1.2mm, wound membrane pipe is connected with electric curl-up film device, and electric curl-up film device can automatically be rolled up and put plastics Film, to open or close ventilating opening.On the first arch bar 81 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 film is obtained except the outer covering PEP of skylight 251 is sharp (along with dividing between the first gutter of southern side 61 between the lower edge of the first skylight 251 and the first gutter of north side 61, on first skylight 251 Plastic sheeting that She You be not independent).
It is vertical that described heliogreenhouse 2 includes bar shaped second master parallel with the first head tree basis 51 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 Column foundation 52, interval 4.0m fixes the second head tree 72 on the second head tree basis 52, and the second head tree 72 and arch-shaped are big The symmetric arrays of the first head tree of canopy north side 71, the second head tree 72 is higher than the first head tree 71, in two neighboring second head tree 72 the second struts of intermediate arrangement 112, the inner side of the second head tree of correspondence 72 is provided with the pre- buried column of brick wall on the second head tree basis 52, Spacing 4.0m, totally 13.Second gutter longeron 122 is installed at the top of the second head tree 72, at the top of the second gutter longeron 122 Second gutter 62 is installed, the head and the tail two ends of the second gutter 62 are provided with outlet pass, and outlet pass, which connects water service pipe, to be used to discharge ponding. Correspondence the second head tree 72 and adjacent two between second gutter longeron 122 and north side the first gutter longeron 121 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 The midpoint of individual second head tree 72, sets up asymmetric second arch bar 82, and the second arch bar 82 is by one is long and the other is short arc hot-dip Zinc round steel pipe rod member is spliced, totally 25;Realize that East and West direction connects by second longitudinal direction pull bar 132 between each second arch bar 82 Connect, the second arch bar 82 is fixed with second longitudinal direction pull bar 132 with wire clip.The second head tree 72 in addition to east, west two ends and and its Second cross-tie 172 is installed between symmetrical the first head tree of north side 71 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, in the second gutter longeron 122 The second arch bar 82 for corresponding to the erection of the two neighboring midpoint of second head tree 72 between north side the first gutter longeron 121 is installed There is brace 173.Vertically drawn provided with three the second bow members between the second cross-tie 172 and the second corresponding arch bar 82 Bar 182, is being respectively equipped with the second bow member oblique drawbar 192, the second bow member is oblique positioned at the vertical both sides of pull bar 182 of middle second bow member To the vertical pull bar 182 of the bow member of pull bar 192 and second in 30-45 ° of angle;In brace 173 and the second corresponding arch bar 82 Between add three vertical pull bars 183 of the 3rd bow member.The east of heliogreenhouse 2, west two ends the second arch bar 82 respectively by 5 second Side wall column 92 is supported, and is connected, specifically included and the by 4 second contact cross bars 102 between the second side wall of homonymy column 92 Two cross-ties 172 are in the second contact cross bar of sustained height, two second of both sides above and below the second contact cross bar Contact cross bar and the one second contact cross bar close to the second side wall column bottom.It is close to the second side wall column in east, west side 92 are respectively mounted foam core color steel, and foam core color steel is fixed on the second side wall column 92 and the second contact by aluminum corner brace The side of cross bar, forms east, west side gable 24;Opening sets second at the upper end 800mm of the first gutter 61 in heliogreenhouse southern side Skylight 252, and the 3rd skylight 253 is set at the insulation quilt 27 of winding state in the summit southern side of the second arch bar 82, skylight is not Overlapping with the insulation quilt 27 of collection status, consistent with greenhouse length per skylight length, width is 0.8m, skylight from it is interior outward 28 mesh fly nets and plastic sheeting are covered successively, and the plastic sheeting obtains film (the long-lived Anti-fogging Film of 3 layers of co-extrusion) using PEP is sharp, in day The east side of light greenhouse 2 is respectively that the second skylight 252, the 3rd skylight 253 are equipped with 1 set of electric curl-up film device, and fix by skylight wound membrane Pipe, wound membrane pipe is the thick galvanizing pipes of Φ 22mm x 1.2mm, and wound membrane pipe is connected with electric curl-up film device, and electric curl-up film device can be automatic Volume puts plastic sheeting, to open or close ventilating opening.Obtained on the second arch bar 82 of heliogreenhouse 2 except skylight outer covering PEP is sharp Film (between the lower edge of the second skylight 252 and the first gutter of north side 61, on second skylight 252 along and the lower edge of the 3rd skylight 253 it Between and the 3rd skylight 253 on along with being respectively equipped with independent plastic sheeting between the second gutter 62).In the roofing of heliogreenhouse 2 Adverse grade lays insulation quilt 27, insulation quilt 27 can the roofing of all standing heliogreenhouse 2, and free volume can be driven by device 28 by electric rolling Put, electric rolling is fixed on the west side of heliogreenhouse 2 by device 28.Rear wall of greenhouse, rear wall of greenhouse are provided with the second head tree basis 52 Including bottom combined wall 30 and upper box posture wall 29, frame type wall 29 is consistent with the size of combined wall 30:The high wide * of * Thickness=2000*48000*600mm;Described combined wall 30 from inside to outside include by clay brick masonry heat dissipating layer, by Turf matrix fills the recuperation layer to be formed and constitutes heat-insulation layer by foam core color steel, and heat dissipating layer thickness is 240mm, accumulation of heat Thickness degree is 260mm, and insulation layer thickness is 240mm;In the frame type wall 29 provided with removable internal layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board and Outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board, internal layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board is by being fixed in combined wall 30 groove on edge and being fixed on heliogreenhouse second The groove positioning of arch bar 82;Outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board is by being fixed on the groove and the second gutter longeron of the top outer of combined wall 30 122 groove positioning;The lateral surface of outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board and the first head tree 72, the lateral surface of the second strut 112 are same Plane.Corchorus capsularis fiber board is formed by tossa through molding, and the density of Corchorus capsularis fiber board uses 60Kg/m3.Winter fills jute Plate, summer removes jute board covering fly net;And exist respectively between the top of combined wall 30 and the bottom of the second gutter longeron 122 Second head tree 72 and the north side of the second strut 112 are provided with vertical connecting rod 14, spacing 2.0m, totally 25, for fixed frame posture Wall 29 is with being connected neck.
The high dados of 240mm are built in the east of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, west, the side of south three and the east of heliogreenhouse 2, the bottom of Western Hills wall 24, outside Enclose and use cement plaster.
Fly net and plastic sheeting are fixed with jump ring with neck fixed on skeleton, and neck uses 0.7mm galvanized sheets, card Spring uses Bi Lite brands.
Specifically, the bottom of the second head tree 72 and the second strut 112 is embedded in the heat-insulation layer of combined wall 30, brick wall is pre- The bottom of buried column 20 is embedded in the heat dissipating layer of combined wall 30, and top is connected with the second arch bar 82.
External sunshade system 4:Including three row external sunshade columns 21, contact vertical pole 22, truss 31,12 ante-vennas 35.It is outer to hide Positive column 21 is separately mounted to second day of the south of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, the first gutter of row 61 of north two and heliogreenhouse 2 by Nan Wangbei In ditch 62, the top of three row external sunshade columns 21 is located at same level;It is outer in the gutter 61 of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 first Sunshade column 21 is located at directly over the first head tree 71,21, the external sunshade column in the gutter 62 of heliogreenhouse 2 second Directly over the second head tree 72, with the two neighboring external sunshade head tree 21 of a line at intervals of 4.0m.Every row external sunshade column 21 tops realize that East and West direction connects (distance of the two neighboring truss of East and West direction is 4.0m) by contacting vertical pole 22, and adjacent two The upper end of row external sunshade column 21 realizes that north and south is transversely attached by truss, the truss of totally two row north-souths arrangement, totally 13 row's thing To the truss of arrangement, the truss of connection adjacent rows external sunshade column 21 is respectively 6000mm and 4000mm two kinds of purlins by length Frame is spliced, and remaining specification of two kinds of truss is consistent:Top-bottom chord spacing and internode are respectively 300mm and 540mm, truss Structure is 50*30*2mm (double)+Φ 10mm reinforcement weldings.Every kind of truss 26, altogether 52 truss.With a line truss 31 Realizing that East and West direction is connected by the 3rd longitudinal tie 32 in the top in center causes truss to be linked to be entirety, and respectively close to it is eastern, Two short longitudinal tie 33 is provided between two row's truss at western two ends, two short longitudinal tie 33 is located at the 3rd longitudinal tie respectively 32 both sides;The symmetrical bearing diagonal 23 of East and West direction is installed on every external sunshade head tree 21 of middle row, passes through bearing diagonal 23 make external sunshade head tree 21 be connected with truss to improve external sunshade system intensity;6 branch are mounted equidistant on every row's truss 31 Support roller is used to install the first push rod of East and West direction 34 (back-up roller wheel of totally 6 row East and West directions arrangement), is installed in colleague's back-up roller wheel There is the first push rod 34;Reducing motor is arranged by central truss, reducing motor is fixed using motor fixing frame, decelerator leads to Cross shaft coupling with drive shaft to be connected, drive shaft is provided with the gear being coaxial therewith, be provided with and nibbled with gear at the middle part of the first push rod 34 Sawtooth need to ensure at least one standard width of a room in an old-style house length on the sawtooth of conjunction, push rod.Ante-venna 35 is provided between adjacent two rows truss 31, Set up between adjacent two rows truss 31 between shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, adjacent two shade supporting wire intervals 0.5m, adjacent two pressures curtain line Every 1.0m, ante-venna 35 is through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, the east side truss frame for connecting 31 of ante-venna 35, and west side connection north and south is horizontal To removable guide rod 36, guide rod 36 is scheduled on the first push rod 34 by connecting fixing;Arrange and slow down by centrally located truss Motor, decelerator is connected by drive shaft with the first push rod 34 drives ante-venna westwards to open or close eastwards.Greenhouse Manual/auto change-over switch is housed, sunshade motor can be real under the instruction of operating personnel or computer control system in electrical control cubicles Now it is opened and closed.
Ante-venna selects GL80 basic form sunshade nets, 22m every long, breadth 4.2m.The material of first guide rod 36 is activity Side aluminium section bar.
Heat preservation system inside:
First heat preservation system inside:The first cross-tie 171 in the standard width of a room in an old-style house both sides of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 (corresponds to the first master vertical Post 71 set the first cross-tie 171) equidistant installation 3 back-up roller wheels, colleague back-up roller wheel East and West direction is installed Second push rod 37 realizes that East and West direction is connected;Provided with inside thermal screen 16 in the standard width of a room in an old-style house of arch-shaped greenhouse 1, totally 12,11m every long, Breadth 4.2m;And shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line are set up in the upper and lower of inside thermal screen 16, inside thermal screen 16 passes through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line Between;The east side of the inside thermal screen 16 in most east side is fixed on the first contact cross bar 101, and other inside thermal screens 16 are fixed on first On cross-tie 171;The second horizontal guide rod 38 of all west side of inside thermal screen 16 connection north and south, the second guide rod 38 is blocked by connecting It is fixed on the second push rod 37;In the fixed electricity that slows down in the middle part of the first cross-tie 171 at the centre of arch-shaped greenhouse 1 Machine, decelerator is connected by shaft coupling with drive shaft, and drive shaft is provided with the gear being coaxial therewith, in the second push rod 37 Portion, which is provided with sawtooth on the sawtooth engaged with gear, push rod, need to ensure at least one standard width of a room in an old-style house length;Decelerator passes through drive shaft It is connected with the second push rod 37 and drives the volume of inside thermal screen to put, so as to pull curtain westwards to open, is closed eastwards, inside holding after unlatching Curtain 16 is covered on the first cross-tie 171.
Second heat preservation system inside:3 back-up roller wheels of equidistant installation on the second cross-tie 172 of heliogreenhouse 2, The second push rod of East and West direction 37 is installed in colleague's back-up roller wheel and realizes that East and West direction is connected;In the second cross-tie of heliogreenhouse 2 Inside thermal screen 16, totally 12,11m every long, breadth 4.2m are provided between 172;And set up support curtain in the upper and lower of inside thermal screen 16 Line and pressure curtain line, inside thermal screen 16 is through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line;The east side of the inside thermal screen 16 in most east side be fixed on Second cross-tie 172 is on the second contact cross bar 102 of sustained height, and other inside thermal screens 16 are fixed on the second laterally drawing On bar 172;The second horizontal guide rod 38 of all west side of inside thermal screen 16 connection north and south, the second guide rod 38 is fixed by connecting card On the second push rod 37;In the fixed reducing motor in the middle part of the second cross-tie 172 at the centre of heliogreenhouse 2, slow down Motor is connected by shaft coupling with drive shaft, and drive shaft is provided with the gear being coaxial therewith, and is provided with the middle part of the second push rod 37 Sawtooth need to ensure at least one standard width of a room in an old-style house length on the sawtooth engaged with gear, push rod;Decelerator passes through drive shaft and second The connection of push rod 37 drives the volume of inside thermal screen to put, so as to pull curtain westwards to open, closes eastwards.Hand is housed in greenhouse electrical control cubicles Dynamic/automatic change-over, inside holding motor can realize opening and closing under the instruction of operating personnel or computer control system.
The second described guide rod 38 uses side aluminium section bar.Described inside thermal screen selects GLS65 aluminium foil sunshading and thermal insulating heavy curtains. Shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line select the white polyester lines of Φ 2.6.
In the present embodiment, the first head tree 71 and the second head tree 72 use 120*60*3.0mm rectangular steel pipes.First Head tree basis 51 is point type isolated footing, and size is the wide * height=600*400*500mm of long *, and the first head tree basis 51 is mixed Xtah Crude Clay structure, more than concrete grade C20, base specification is+0.000~-0.500, and bottom is plain concrete bed course, thick 50mm. First head tree basis 51 and pre-buried four 50mm that appear respectively at the corresponding each head tree bottom in top of the second head tree basis 52 M12 bolts, for connecting the first head tree 71 and the second head tree 72.Second head tree basis 52 is strip footing, size For the wide * height=48000*600*500mm of long *, basic engineering can be adjusted according to live actual requirement.
First gutter longeron 121 is identical with the specification of the second gutter longeron 122, is made by clod wash galvanized steel plain sheet, thick 2.0mm, developed dimension be long * it is wide=4000*330, common 12*3=36 is individual.First gutter 61 is identical with the specification of the second gutter 62, Developed dimension be long * it is wide=4000*500, thick 2.0mm, common 12*3=36, with the making of clod wash galvanized steel plain sheet, according to double pitch 2.5 ‰ construction are spent, gutter is connected with gutter uses special gutter alite paste.
First arch bar 81 and the second arch bar 82 are Φ 60*2.0mm galvanized steel bar pipes.First longitudinal direction pull bar 131, second is indulged To pull bar 132, vertical pull bar 15, the first cross-tie 171, the second cross-tie 172 (except fixed motor), brace 173rd, the vertical pull bar 181 of the first bow member, the vertical pull bar 182 of the second bow member, the first bow member oblique drawbar 191, the second bow member are oblique Pull bar 192, the first push rod 34, the second push rod 37 and bearing diagonal 23 are Φ 32*2.0mm galvanized steel bar pipes.The first described side Wall column 91, the second side wall column 92, first contact contact of cross bar 101, second cross bar 102, the first strut 111, the second strut 112nd, vertical connecting rod 14, the pre- buried column 20 of cross-tie, brick wall of fixed motor, external sunshade column 21 and contact vertical pole 22 are The zinc-plated rectangular steel tubes of 50*50*2mm.
Greenhouse body is connected using domestic inside and outside hot-dip galvanized steel pipe and steel plate, connection using galvanized bolt and self-tapping screw Connect.All steel parts are pressed《GB/T 13912-2002 metal cladding steel product hot galvanized layer technical requirements》Through hot dip Zinc processing, factorial praluction, Assembling.Connection fixture mainly using meet GB5782 standards (use 8.8 grades) M8, M10, M12 hexagon-headed bolt and the corresponding hex nut for meeting GB6170 standards, are handled through galvanizing.
The sequence of construction of the present embodiment is:Site preparation, drainage trenching, head tree is installed on pre-buried head tree basis;Start to build by laying bricks or stones Workplace 3, installs gutter longeron, strut, arch bar;Contact the vertical pull bar of bow member, bow member oblique drawbar, cross-tie, longitudinal direction drawing Bar, installs gutter;The pre- buried column of brick wall is installed, wall after lower semisection is built by laying bricks or stones;External sunshade column, connection contact cross bar are installed;Contact side Wall column, installs gable;External sunshade system 4 and internal sunshade system are installed, bearing diagonal is connected;Wall after upper semisection is installed, contact is perpendicular To connecting rod;Fixed card slot, installs skylight, plastic covering film and fly net;Electric curl-up film device, electric rolling are installed by device, covered Lid insulation quilt.
Show that energy of the sun greenhouse indoor air temperature whole day is higher than outside air temperature in Figure 16, maximum temperature reaches 22.8 DEG C, minimum Temperature is maintained at more than 4.05 DEG C, and indoor and outdoor temperature difference is 12.35 DEG C to the maximum.
Energy of the sun greenhouse is under cloudy weather as shown in Figure 17, and daytime temperature average value is 9.42 DEG C, and nighttime temperature is average It is worth for 6.10 DEG C, whole day temperature average value is 8.45 DEG C;The greenhouse is under sunny weather, 13.19 DEG C of daytime temperature average out to, night Between 5.84 DEG C of temperature average out to, 8.98 DEG C of whole day temperature average out to.And under the conditions of the cloudy day indoor and outdoor temperature differ 2-3 DEG C, and Indoor and outdoor temperature difference is more than 5 DEG C under the conditions of fine day.
Above is the specific embodiment for combining the present invention is described in detail, but it is not limitation of the present invention.This hair It is bright to design the energy of the sun greenhouse of all size according to the specific requirement of different geography and meteorological condition and user, it is every Any simple modification made according to the technical spirit of the present invention to above example, still falls within technical solution of the present invention Scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production, it is characterised in that including arch-shaped greenhouse (1), heliogreenhouse (2) and workplace (3);Described arch-shaped greenhouse (1) connects side by side with heliogreenhouse (2) in length direction Connect, and separated with plastic sheeting;External sunshade system (4) is provided with the top of arch-shaped greenhouse (1) and heliogreenhouse (2), in arch The first heat preservation system inside is provided with inside circular greenhouse (1), the second heat preservation system inside is provided with inside heliogreenhouse (2).
2. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described arch-shaped greenhouse (1), sunlight Room (2) is south-north direction arrangement, east-west direction extension;Arch-shaped greenhouse (1) is located at southern side, and heliogreenhouse (2) is located at north side; Described workplace (3) abuts heliogreenhouse (2) the east gable (24).
3. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that described arch-shaped greenhouse (1) includes First head tree of two row East and West direction symmetric arrays is basic (51), and the first head tree is fixed with the first head tree basic (51) (71) a standard width of a room in an old-style house, is constituted between two neighboring first head tree (71) of colleague, in two neighboring first head tree (71) in southern side Centre position is fixed with the first strut (111), equidistant between two neighboring first head tree (71) in north side to be fixed with two Vertical strut (15);The first gutter longeron (121) is installed at the top of every head tree of row first (71), in gutter longeron (121) Top is provided with the first gutter (61);The first head tree of correspondence (71) and the standard width of a room in an old-style house between two row the first gutter longerons (121) Midpoint, which is set up, the first arch bar (81), and each first arch bar (81) realizes that East and West direction is connected by first longitudinal direction pull bar (131), right The first arch bar (81) that should be in addition to east, west two ends is provided with the first cross-tie (171);At arch-shaped greenhouse (1) east, west two ends The first arch bar (81) supported respectively by the first side wall column (91), pass through the first contact between homonymy the first side wall column (91) Cross bar (101) is connected, and plastic sheeting is covered each by east, west side, and is provided with east side sliding door (26);Arch-shaped greenhouse (1) southern side covers fly net and plastic sheeting successively outward from interior;The first gutter (61) upper end in arch-shaped greenhouse north side Opening sets the first skylight (251) at 800mm, and the first skylight (251) length is consistent with arch-shaped greenhouse length, and described first Skylight (251) covers fly net and plastic sheeting successively outward from interior;Except the on the first arch bar (81) of arch-shaped greenhouse (1) One skylight (251) outer covering plastic sheeting;
Described heliogreenhouse (2) includes second head tree parallel with the first head tree basic (51) of arch-shaped greenhouse (1) Basic (52), equidistantly fix the second head tree (72) on the second head tree basic (52), and the second head tree (72) is justified with arch Shape greenhouse north side the first head tree (71) symmetric arrays, the second head tree (72) is higher than the first head tree (71), two neighboring Second head tree (72) second strut of intermediate arrangement (112), the second head tree of correspondence (72) on the second head tree basic (52) Inner side is provided with the pre- buried column of brick wall (20);The second gutter longeron (122) is installed at the top of the second head tree (72), in the second gutter The second gutter (62) is installed at the top of longeron (122);In the second gutter longeron (122) and arch-shaped greenhouse (1) north side first day The midpoint of the second head tree of correspondence (72) and two neighboring second head tree (72) between ditch longeron (121), it is not right to set up The second arch bar (82) claimed, realizes that East and West direction is connected between each second arch bar (82) by second longitudinal direction pull bar (132), except east, The second head tree (72) outside western two ends and it is provided between its symmetrical arch-shaped greenhouse (1) first head tree of north side (71) Second cross-tie (172), corresponds to adjacent two between north side the first gutter longeron (121) and the second gutter longeron (122) The second arch bar (82) that individual second head tree (72) midpoint is set up is provided with brace (173);In heliogreenhouse (2) east, west Second arch bar (82) at two ends is supported by the second side wall column (92) respectively, and second is passed through between homonymy the second side wall column (92) Cross bar (102) connection is contacted, foam core color steel is respectively mounted in east, west side, east, west side gable (24) is formed;In daylight Opening sets the second skylight (252) at first gutter (61) the upper end 800mm in greenhouse southern side, and in the second arch bar (82) summit south Side sets the 3rd skylight (253), and each skylight length is consistent with greenhouse length, and skylight covers fly net and modeling successively outward from interior Expect film;Skylight outer covering plastic sheeting is removed on the second arch bar (82) of heliogreenhouse (2);In after heliogreenhouse (2) roofing Slope laying can roll up the insulation quilt put;Rear wall of greenhouse is provided with the second head tree basic (52), rear wall of greenhouse is compound including bottom Wall (30) and upper box posture wall (29), described combined wall (30) include from inside to outside heat dissipating layer, recuperation layer and Heat-insulation layer;Removable internal layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board and outer layer Corchorus capsularis fiber board are provided with frame type wall (29), and compound Respectively in the second head tree (72) and the second strut (112) north between second gutter longeron (122) bottom at the top of wall (30) Side is provided with vertical connecting rod (14);Dismountable plastic sheeting is provided with the outside of described frame type wall (32);Described Covered with dismountable fly net on the inside of frame type wall (29).
4. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the first head tree of correspondence (71) set the The two ends of one cross-tie (171) are separately fixed on symmetrical first head tree (71) of East and West direction, and correspondence standard width of a room in an old-style house midpoint is set The two ends for the first cross-tie (171) put are separately fixed on the first gutter longeron (121) of East and West direction arrangement;
It is equidistant between the first arch bar (81) and corresponding the first cross-tie (171) to be provided with three the first bow members and vertically draw Bar (181);The first bow member oblique drawbar (191) is respectively equipped with positioned at the middle vertical pull bar of first bow member (181) both sides;First arch Frame oblique drawbar (191) is with the vertical pull bar of the first bow member (181) in 30-45 ° of angle;
It is equidistant between the second cross-tie (172) and corresponding the second arch bar (82) that to be provided with three the second bow members vertical Pull bar (182), the second bow member oblique drawbar (192) is being respectively equipped with positioned at the middle vertical pull bar of second bow member (182) both sides;The Two bow member oblique drawbars (192) are with the vertical pull bar of the second bow member (182) in 30-45 ° of angle;In brace (173) and right with it It is equidistant between the second arch bar (82) answered to be provided with three the 3rd vertical pull bars of bow member (183).
5. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described the first head tree basis (51) is Point type isolated footing;The second described head tree basic (52) is strip footing.
6. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 3, it is characterised in that Corchorus capsularis fiber board is by tossa through molding Form, Corchorus capsularis fiber board density is 60-140Kg/m3
7. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described external sunshade system (4) includes outer hide Positive column (21), contact vertical pole (22), truss (31);External sunshade column (21) is separately mounted to arch-shaped greenhouse by Nan Wangbei (1) in two the first gutters of row (61) and the second gutter (62) of heliogreenhouse (2), and directly over corresponding head tree, outside The top of sunshade column (21) is located at same level;Often east is realized in row external sunshade column (21) top by contacting vertical pole (22) West realizes that north and south is transversely attached to connection, and in adjacent rows external sunshade column (21) upper end fixation truss (31), truss (31) Top realizes that East and West direction is connected by the 3rd longitudinal tie (32), is provided with respectively close between east, two row's truss at west two ends Two short longitudinal tie (33);6 back-up roller wheels are mounted equidistant on every row's truss (31) to be used to install the push rod of East and West direction first (34) the first push rod (34), is installed in colleague's back-up roller wheel;Ante-venna (35) is provided between adjacent two rows truss (31), is hidden Positive curtain (35) passes through the pressure curtain line and shade supporting wire being bundled between adjacent two rows truss (31), and the east side of described ante-venna (35) connects Truss (31) is connect, removable first guide rod (36) of west side connection, the first guide rod (36) is scheduled on the first push rod by connecting fixing (34) on;Decelerator is arranged by centrally located truss, decelerator is connected by drive shaft with the first push rod (34) The volume of ante-venna is driven to put.
8. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 7, it is characterised in that positioned at every external sunshade master of middle row The symmetrical bearing diagonal of East and West direction (23) is installed on column (21), external sunshade head tree (21) is connected with truss by bearing diagonal (23) Connect;
Described ante-venna selects GL80 basic form sunshade nets.
9. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first described heat preservation system inside is included in 3 back-up roller wheels of equidistant installation on first cross-tie (171) of arch-shaped greenhouse (1) standard width of a room in an old-style house both sides, in colleague's support Roller is provided with the push rod of East and West direction second (37) and realizes that East and West direction is connected;Inside holding is provided between arch-shaped greenhouse (1) standard width of a room in an old-style house Curtain (16), and pressure curtain line and shade supporting wire are set up in inside thermal screen (16) upper and lower, inside thermal screen (16) passes through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain Between line;The inside thermal screen (16) in most east side is fixed on the first contact cross bar (101), and other inside thermal screens (16) are fixed on the standard width of a room in an old-style house The cross-tie of east side first (171);Horizontal the second guide rod (38) in inside thermal screen (16) west side connection north and south, the second guide rod (38) It is scheduled on by connecting fixing on the second push rod (37);In the first cross-tie (171) at arch-shaped greenhouse (1) centre Reducing motor is fixed at middle part, is connected by drive shaft with the second push rod (37) and is driven the volume of inside thermal screen to put;
The second described heat preservation system inside is included in 3 of equidistant installation on the second cross-tie (172) of heliogreenhouse (2) Back-up roller wheel, is provided with the push rod of East and West direction second (37) in colleague's back-up roller wheel and realizes that East and West direction is connected;In heliogreenhouse (2) Inside thermal screen (16) is provided between second cross-tie (172), and shade supporting wire and pressure curtain are set up in inside thermal screen (16) upper and lower Line, inside thermal screen (16) is through shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line;The inside thermal screen (16) in most east side is fixed on laterally to be drawn with second Bar (172) is in the second contact cross bar (102) of sustained height, and other inside thermal screens (16) are held within its east side On second cross-tie (172);Horizontal the second guide rod (38) in inside thermal screen (16) west side connection north and south, the second guide rod (38) leads to Connection fixing is crossed to be scheduled on the second push rod (37);In the middle part of the second cross-tie (172) at heliogreenhouse (2) centre Fixed reducing motor, is connected with the second push rod (37) by drive shaft and drives the volume of inside thermal screen to put.
10. even Donges luminous energy greenhouse according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described inside thermal screen selects GLS65 aluminium Paper tinsel sunshading and thermal insulating heavy curtain.
CN201710189500.8A 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production Pending CN106962067A (en)

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CN108703020A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-10-26 阜平县嘉鑫种植有限公司 A kind of mushroom anniversary efficient posture solid cultivation canopy
CN108887041A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-11-27 任广侠 A kind of Novel rural vegetable planting greenhouse
CN109952888A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-02 南京农业大学 A kind of big across plastic film greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production
CN110235656A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-17 黄燕 A kind of anti-be collapsed big plastic hot-shed with it
CN112655435A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-16 浙江德利遮阳材料有限公司 Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof
CN114123064A (en) * 2021-11-22 2022-03-01 浙江华云电力工程设计咨询有限公司 Cable bridge frame shading device capable of being integrally assembled and easy to maintain and application

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CN203590765U (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-05-14 绍兴吼山石斛科技有限公司 Dendrobium officinale planting continuous greenhouse
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CN102763577A (en) * 2012-05-15 2012-11-07 南京农业大学 Dual-purpose demountable sunlight greenhouse used in winter and summer
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CN108703020A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-10-26 阜平县嘉鑫种植有限公司 A kind of mushroom anniversary efficient posture solid cultivation canopy
CN108887041A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-11-27 任广侠 A kind of Novel rural vegetable planting greenhouse
CN109952888A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-02 南京农业大学 A kind of big across plastic film greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production
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CN110235656A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-09-17 黄燕 A kind of anti-be collapsed big plastic hot-shed with it
CN112655435A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-16 浙江德利遮阳材料有限公司 Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof
CN112655435B (en) * 2020-12-23 2022-07-08 浙江德利遮阳材料有限公司 Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof
CN114123064A (en) * 2021-11-22 2022-03-01 浙江华云电力工程设计咨询有限公司 Cable bridge frame shading device capable of being integrally assembled and easy to maintain and application
CN114123064B (en) * 2021-11-22 2024-03-29 浙江华云电力工程设计咨询有限公司 Integral assembled cable bridge sunshade device easy to overhaul and application

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