CN106034833A - Intelligent glass greenhouse - Google Patents

Intelligent glass greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106034833A
CN106034833A CN201610489834.2A CN201610489834A CN106034833A CN 106034833 A CN106034833 A CN 106034833A CN 201610489834 A CN201610489834 A CN 201610489834A CN 106034833 A CN106034833 A CN 106034833A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
truss
greenhouse
galvanizing
curtain
rectangular tube
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CN201610489834.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛庆标
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兴化市创农温室设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201610489834.2A priority Critical patent/CN106034833A/en
Publication of CN106034833A publication Critical patent/CN106034833A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1438Covering materials therefor; Materials for protective coverings used for soil and plants, e.g. films, canopies, tunnels or cloches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of application of domestic glass greenhouses, and particularly discloses an intelligent glass greenhouse. The intelligent glass greenhouse consists of an east gable, a west gable, a back wall, a front wall, a ceiling and a parapet wall, wherein each of the east gable, the west gable, the back wall, the front wall and the ceiling consists of a middle upright column, a four-angle upright column, an end surface upper cross beam, a wet curtain cross beam, a fan cross beam, a truss, a greenhouse girth, roof tie bars and cross diagonal bracings; and each of the east gable, the west gable, the back wall and the front wall is mounted on the ground through a base. The intelligent glass greenhouse disclosed by the invention has the following beneficial effects: the designed structure is reasonable, covering materials of the glass greenhouse are PC hollow plates of 8mm in thickness for the top and hollow glass of 5+6+5 for the circumference, the performance is sable, the light transmittance attenuation is slow, the light transmittance is high, cleaning can be performed easily, the service life is long, the glass greenhouse has an elegant appearance and is transparent and bright at the same time, and meanwhile, a temperature control system is arranged in the glass greenhouse to achieve the purpose of temperature regulation and control, and the application range is wide.

Description

Intelligent glass warmhouse booth

Technical field

The invention belongs to glasshouse booth applied technical field, be specifically related to intelligent glass warmhouse booth, it is adaptable to section Consult and seed cultivation and energy automatization and remotely control.

Background technology

Greenhouse (greenhouse), also known as greenhouse, energy printing opacity, insulation (or heating), for the facility of cultivated plant.Not In the season of suitable for plant growth, it is provided that greenhouse period of duration and increases yield, being used for low temperature season warm season vegetable, flowers, woods Plant culture or the nursery etc. such as wood, the kind in greenhouse is many, according to different roof truss materials, lighting material, profile and condition etc. of heating Many types can be divided into again, such as glasshouse, plastic green house;Single-ridgepole glasshouse, attached-greenhouse;Single roof greenhouse, double roof greenhouse; Heat greenhouse, unheating hothouse etc..Greenhouse structure answers sealing thermal insulation, but should be easy to aeration-cooling.Modern greenhouse also has There is the equipment of the condition such as humiture, illumination of control, automatically control the optimal environmental condition created needed for plant with computer.

Society is the most progressive, and traditional Agriculture Production Modes can not meet the needs of modern civilization development, novel Industrialized agriculture is pursued by people in the industry.So-called agricultural equipment, is exactly mainly chamber facility, and it is not by time and sky Between restriction, agricultural production can be carried out under the special environments such as plateau, remote mountains, desert.China is a large agricultural country, peasant Accounting for more than the half of total population, the space of agricultural innovation application has infinity, agricultural equipment industry to go to before platform from backstage.Vertical Seeing domestic warmhouse booth industry, big, medium-sized and small enterprises is uneven, and the greenhouse project quality landed is the most far from each other, in order to enable Allow and develop the organization unit of industrialized agriculture intentionally, it is possible to preferably select greenhouse project service provider, warmhouse booth industry is done System is investigated, and warmhouse booth project integration is broadly divided into control of material, technical controlling, Construction control, controls four after sale Broad aspect, and mounting material is as the source of greenhouse projects, will propose high standard from the production of material accessory and design and want Ask, such as scientific research and the warmhouse booth of seed cultivation.

Warmhouse booth, needs to consider maximum pressure and the ductile strength that structural robustness i.e. can carry in actual use And wind-force size etc., also want intelligent to adjust its internal temperature of management to reach to increase plant growing and the mesh of cultivation , the most also want overall construction design rationally and construction and installation and dismounting etc. can be carried out efficiently.

Therefore, based on the problems referred to above, the present invention provides intelligent glass warmhouse booth.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: it is an object of the invention to provide intelligent glass warmhouse booth, it designs glasshouse rational in infrastructure and covers Cover material top uses 8mm thickness PC hollow sheeting, and surrounding uses 5+6+5 double glazing, its stable performance, light transmittance to decay slowly, Light transmittance height, easy cleaning, service life are long, and glasshouse is elegant in appearance simultaneously, penetrating bright, is internally provided with temperature control simultaneously System processed, it is achieved homoiothermic and temperature control purpose, applied widely.

Technical scheme: the present invention provides a kind of glasshouse booth, by Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall, Hou Qiang, front wall, ceiling and Kan Qiang forms;Described Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall, Hou Qiang, front wall and ceiling respectively by middle standing pillar, four corner posts, end face entablature, Wet curtain crossbeam, blower fan crossbeam, truss, greenhouse grit, roofing lacing wire and cross shear support composition, wherein, truss, including horizontal purlin Frame, truss wind up, truss lower edge, truss cross bar and truss two facade connecting plate add with the set square that is welded with of upper and lower string junction Firmware;Described Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall, rear wall and front wall are installed on the ground by foundation base respectively;It is provided with on described ceiling External sunshade curtain, top-open window, sunshading board and rainwater-collecting groove;Described front wall is provided with blower fan, and rear wall and front wall are respectively provided with There is wet curtain;Described Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall both sides are closed and are provided with the rain groove downcomer being used in combination with rainwater-collecting groove;Described It is respectively arranged with double glazing on the composition framework of Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall, rear wall and front wall;Between described Dong Shanqiang, Western Hills wall 12 meters are provided with perpendicular bracing frame.

The technical program, described middle standing pillar uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 120 × 120 × 3.8mm;Four corner posts are adopted By the galvanizing square tube of 120 × 120 × 3.8mm;End face entablature uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 40 × 2.5mm;Wet curtain, Blower fan crossbeam uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 100 × 50 × 2mm;Greenhouse grit uses 80 × 40 × 20 × 2.5mm galvanizing c-type Steel;Roofing lacing wire uses the steel wire rope of a diameter of 3mm;Cross shear support uses the round steel of a diameter of 16mm.

The technical program, a length of 12m of described transverse truss, height is 60cm;Truss wind up employing 60 × 40 × The galvanizing rectangular tube of 2.5mm;Truss lower edge uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 60 × 40 × 2.5m;Truss width bar uses a diameter of 16mm round steel, Zinc Coating Thickness is 0.08 0.10mm.

The technical program, described rainwater-collecting groove uses the clod wash heat zinc coating plate of 360 × 3.75mm, and heavy in section can resist The rainfall of 140mm/ hour;Described rain groove downcomer uses aging resistance UPVC pipe, a diameter of 110mm.

The technical program, described glasshouse booth, also include being arranged on ceiling for being provided with external sunshade curtain Curtain, top-open window, the external sunshade skeleton of sunshading board;Described external sunshade skeleton is made up of column, crossbeam, longeron and bridging, wherein, Column uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 50 × 2mm;Crossbeam end face uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 50 × 2mm;Longeron Use the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 30 × 2mm;Bridging uses the round steel Zinc Coating Thickness of a diameter of 12mm to be 0.08 0.10mm。

The technical program, described foundation base is the arrangement of concrete point type, is cast in long 600 × wide by 600 × deep 800 In heatable adobe sleeping platform.

The technical program, a height of 1.8 meters of described wet curtain, thickness is 0.10 meter;Described blower fan is low noise axial fan, Exhaust air rate is not less than 40000m3/h, and power is 1.1kw.

Compared with prior art, the having the beneficial effects that of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention: its design is rational in infrastructure Glasshouse covers material top and uses 8mm thickness PC hollow sheeting, and surrounding uses 5+6+5 double glazing, its stable performance, light transmittance Slowly, light transmittance height, easy cleaning, service life are long, and glasshouse is elegant in appearance simultaneously, and penetrating bright, inside sets simultaneously in decay It is equipped with temperature control system, it is achieved homoiothermic and temperature control purpose, applied widely.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Fig. 4-Fig. 7 is the foundation base structural representation of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Fig. 8 be the present invention intelligent glass warmhouse booth before facade structures schematic diagram;

Fig. 9 be the present invention intelligent glass warmhouse booth after facade structures schematic diagram;

Figure 10 is the intelligent glass warmhouse booth western facade structures schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 11 is the intelligent glass warmhouse booth east elevation structural representation of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the wet curtain mounting structure schematic diagram of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Figure 13 is the fan installing structure schematic diagram of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Figure 14 is the external sunshade mounting structure schematic diagram of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Figure 15 is the internal sunshade system installation structure schematic diagram of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

Figure 16 is the greenhouse irrigation system installation structure schematic diagram of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention;

It it is the mini sprinkler structural representation of the intelligent glass warmhouse booth of the present invention such as Figure 17 to Figure 19;

Wherein, in figure, sequence number mark is as follows: wall, 4-front wall, 5-ceiling, 6-external sunshade after 1-Dong Shanqiang, 2-Western Hills wall, 3- Curtain, 7-top-open window, 8-foundation base, 9-blower fan, 10-double glazing, 11-wet curtain, 12-Kan Qiang, 13-sunshading board, 14-rainwater collection Collection groove, 15-rain groove downcomer.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment, it is further elucidated with the present invention.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, the intelligent glass warmhouse booth shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10 and Figure 11, by Dongshan wall 1, west Gable 2, rear wall 3, front wall 4, ceiling 5 and bank wall 12 form;Dongshan wall 1, Western Hills wall 2, rear wall 3, front wall 4 and ceiling 5 respectively by Middle standing pillar, four corner posts, end face entablature, wet curtain crossbeam, blower fan crossbeam, truss, greenhouse grit, roofing lacing wire and cross are cut Cutter support composition, wherein, truss, winds up including transverse truss, truss, truss lower edge, truss cross bar and truss two facade connecting plate With upper and lower string junction be welded with set square girth member;Dongshan wall 1, Western Hills wall 2, rear wall 3 and front wall 4 are respectively by foundation base 8 Install on the ground;External sunshade curtain 6, top-open window 7, sunshading board 13 and rainwater-collecting groove 14 it is provided with on ceiling 5;Front wall 4 sets It is equipped with blower fan 9, rear wall 3 and front wall 4 are respectively arranged with wet curtain 11;Dongshan wall 1, Western Hills wall 2 both sides are closed and are provided with and rainwater The rain groove downcomer 15 that collecting tank 14 is used in combination;On the composition framework of Dongshan wall 1, Western Hills wall 2, rear wall 3 and front wall 4 respectively It is provided with double glazing 10;Between Dongshan wall 1, Western Hills wall 2,9.6 meters are provided with perpendicular bracing frame.

It is further preferred that middle standing pillar uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 120 × 120 × 3.8mm;Four corner posts use The galvanizing square tube of 120 × 120 × 3.8mm;End face entablature uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 40 × 2.5mm;Wet curtain, wind Machine crossbeam uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 100 × 50 × 2mm;Greenhouse grit uses 80 × 40 × 20 × 2.5mm galvanizing c-type Steel;Roofing lacing wire uses the steel wire rope of a diameter of 3mm;Cross shear support uses the round steel of a diameter of 16mm;Transverse truss length For 12m, height is 60cm;Truss winds up the galvanizing rectangular tube of employing 60 × 40 × 2.5mm;Truss lower edge use 60 × 40 × The galvanizing rectangular tube of 2.5m;Truss width bar uses a diameter of 16mm round steel, and Zinc Coating Thickness is 0.08 0.10mm;Rainwater-collecting Groove uses the clod wash heat zinc coating plate of 360 × 3.75mm, and heavy in section can the rainfall of anti-140mm/ hour;Rain groove downcomer uses anti-ageing Change UPVC pipe, a diameter of 110mm;Intelligent glass warmhouse booth, also include being arranged on ceiling 5 for being provided with external sunshade curtain Curtain 6, top-open window 7, the external sunshade skeleton of sunshading board 13;External sunshade skeleton is made up of column, crossbeam, longeron and bridging, wherein, Column uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 50 × 2mm;Crossbeam end face uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 50 × 2mm;Longeron Use the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 30 × 2mm;Bridging uses the round steel Zinc Coating Thickness of a diameter of 12mm to be 0.08 0.10mm;As Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 foundation base 8 arranges for concrete point type, it is cast in long 600 × wide by 600 × deep 800 In heatable adobe sleeping platform, but the most required built-in fitting and steel beam column, the pre-embedded bolt received in infrastructure, nut will be carried by bid winner Being supplied to building site, greenhouse base surface absolute altitude is end face ± 0.00, greenhouse line, and from centre, north orientation to the south does the slope of 2.5 ‰ to basis, greenhouse Degree.Inside is point type isolated footing: cast-in-place in the heatable adobe sleeping platform of long 600 × wide by 600 × deep 800.Upright post basic is armored concrete Structure, reinforcing bar I level, more than concrete grade C20, upright post basic specification :+0.000~-0.300 place is length × width × height=240 ×240×300mm;-0.300~-0.600 place is length × width × height=600 × 600 × 400mm;Bottom is element concrete bed course, thick 100mm.Surrounding strip footing (collar tie beam): greenhouse surrounding collar tie beam: armored concrete more than label C20, reinforcing bar I level, collar tie beam specification For 250mm*300mm, collar tie beam top is+0.000, bottom collar tie beam branch frame at have by one's own efforts basis strutting at without isolated footing, nothing Being sandstone thickness 100mm bottom isolated footing, having isolated footing is-0.300~-0.600 director's * width * height=600*600* 300mm, bottom element concrete bed course, thick 100mm.Brick wide by 240 × high 300mm retaining wall of greenhouse surrounding, apron slope is wide by 500 × thick 80。

A height of 1.8 meters of the wet curtain 11 of this structure, thickness is 0.10 meter, uses Jiangyin to contain prosperous aluminum alloy frame wet curtain, whole wet Curtain divides two sections of controls, and cascade exterior wall arranges sliding window, as shown in figure 12;Blower fan 9 is low noise axial fan, and exhaust air rate is the least In 40000m3/h, power is 1.1kw, and its housing uses advanced automatic technology, and special thick zinc coat, corrosion resistance is extremely strong; Aerolite wheel hub, lightweight, intensity is high, and good toughness does not ruptures;Novel twisted punch forming rustless steel flabellum, it is reasonable Blade profile angle, guarantee produce air volume impact while, produce noise the lowest;Shutter is opened and is used unique pushing away Drawing switching mechanism, it is ensured that BAIYE fully opens and closes, BAIYE reaches Radix Saposhnikoviae, rainproof, dust-proof, back safety net convenient disassembly; The quality testing program that six roads are strict: noise measuring, vibration detection, the detection of rotation concentric performance, the inspection of fan blade Rotating speed measring, air quantity Survey, overall efficiency detects;Exclusive motor hole deep bead, prevents air quantity to run off, and reaches best collection wind effect, as described in Figure 13 Blower fan 9 mounting structure schematic diagram, the blower fan/wet curtain cooling system of said structure is to utilize evaporation of water cool principle to realize cooling Purpose, the core of cooling system is the wet curtain that water can be allowed to evaporate, undulatory fibrous paper bonding form, owing to adding in the feed Having added special chemical composition, corrosion-resistant, service life is long.It is wet that special water delivery wet curtain can ensure that water drenches whole cooling equably Curtain wall, during air penetration wet curtain medium, it is latent that air damp and hot is converted into vaporization by the water_air exchange carried out with moistening dielectric surface Heat, it is achieved humidification and the cooling to air.Cooling scope is 4~12 DEG C;When needs are lowered the temperature, opened by the instruction of control system Wind symptom machine, extracts out indoor air by force, causes negative pressure, and water is beaten on wet curtain wall over there by water pump simultaneously;When outdoor empty Gas, by time in negative pressure suction chamber, passes from the gap of wet curtain with certain speed, causes moisture evaporation, cooling, and cold air flows through Greenhouse, in absorption chamber after heat, discharges through blower fan, thus reaches the purpose of circulation temperature lowering.

This structure warmhouse booth, ant wind load 0.6KN/;Anti-snow load 0.3KN/;Hoisted load 0.2KN/;? Big row rainfall 140mm/h;Service life greenhouse body steel construction 20 years;The little pinnacle of formula three, model literary composition Lip river, greenhouse (each pinnacle 4m) 12m span.

This structure warmhouse booth, shoulder height 6m (collar tie beam is with up to gutter height);Rise 7m;External sunshade height 7.5m;Roofing angle Spend 22 °;Span 8m;Standard width of a room in an old-style house 4m;Dongshan wall 1, a length of 8m × 4=32m of Western Hills wall 2;Rear wall 3, a length of 12m × 4=48m of front wall 4; Overall structure area is 48m × 32m=1536.

This structure warmhouse booth includes external sunshade system and internal sunshade system.External sunshade system can be come by regulating illumination Improving the ecological environment in greenhouse, torridity summer ante-venna is according to different sunshade rate energy stop portions sunlight, and makes sunlight diffusion Entering indoor, uniform irradiation crop is burnt from high light with cover crop, generally, it is desirable to external sunshade system can be in the summer Season reduces room temperature 4~8 DEG C, be external sunshade mounting structure schematic diagram as shown in figure 14, and curtain line and curtain are arranged on external sunshade skeleton On by greenhouse electrical control cubicles equipped with manual/auto permutator, and motor carries that work is spacing and safety protection switch, real Existing safe and reliable action control;Wherein, motor range (along standard width of a room in an old-style house direction) is about 4m, and the speed of service is 0.8m/min, one way The operation time is 5min power supply 80V, three-phase, 50HZ, and power of motor is 0.55KW;The ante-venna system used is torr/pressure curtain When wire system, i.e. ante-venna are installed between shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, shade supporting wire undertakes the weight of whole ante-venna, presses curtain line Prevent curtain to be blown up or time curtain draws in overlap too high, torr/pressure curtain line, between the upper and lower away from 50mm, holds in the palm, presses act line to use a φ 2.3mm High-strength black UV polyester line, tensile strength 280kgf, shade supporting wire shade supporting wire, pressure curtain line are 0.8m with pressure curtain distance between centers of tracks, sunshade Curtain uses curtain to use the black of upper Hypon agricultural production to fold sunshade net, rate of shading 70%, quality guarantee 5 years, 8 years life-spans.

Internal sunshade system, installs and is locked in winding up of span truss, and stroke about 4.0m, this system provides by day shades Cooling, can reduce thermal loss in cold evening, may also function as controlling the effect of humidity, is internal sunshade system as shown in figure 15 Mounting structure schematic diagram, this system is formed by with lower part: draw curtain beam, reducing motor, motor installation base, chain shaft joint, Tooth bar, gear pair, push-pull bar, tooth bar-push rod joint, drive shaft, drive shaft plumb joint, push rod support roller, curtain trailed model Material, push rod-traction section bar Connection Card, rustless steel card, tightener, curtain line, curtain (not marking complete in figure), wherein, reducing motor, OK Journey is 4.0m;The speed of service is 0.8m/min;The one way operation time is 5min;Power supply is 380V, three-phase, 50HZ;Power of motor For 0.55KW;This ante-venna system is torr/pressure curtain wire system, when i.e. ante-venna is installed between shade supporting wire and pressure curtain line, torr Curtain line undertakes the weight of whole ante-venna, pressure curtain line prevent curtain to be blown up or time curtain draws in overlap too high, on torr/pressure curtain line Lower spacing 50mm;Sunshading and thermal insulating type curtain uses upper Hypon agriculture aluminium foil curtain of insulation of sunshading, fractional energy savings 55%, rate 50% of shading; Quality guarantee more than 5 years;Curtain line selection torr, pressure curtain line use high intensity UV polyester line, and diameter 2.3, tensile strength reaches 220kgf, elongation at break 8%, there is the advantages such as printing opacity, intensity height, smooth surface, resistance to climate be aging, 5 years service life.

The glasshouse of this structure, its aeration-cooling employing gravity-flow ventilation and forced ventilation combine, then add Wet-curtain temperature reducing Mode guarantee the greenhouse in greenhouse and humidity.In the case of indoor temperature is relatively low, room temperature lowering is initially with ventilation of windowing Mode, to utilize natural energy resources to greatest extent, roof window can be opened, open side window and wet curtain face gable window;When indoor temperature is entered One step rises, and when gravity-flow ventilation can not meet cooling needs, closes femerell and side window, only opens wet curtain face gable window, open Open exhaust fan, begin with blower fan air draft cooling;When indoor temperature exceed certain value rear fan air draft cooling efficiency start Decline, now start wet curtain water pump, use fan and pad to combine cooling, utilize wet curtain to evaporate consumption of calorie, reduce temperature, typically Can keep indoor temperature within 25 DEG C, substantially disclosure satisfy that the plantation production of flowers and plants requirement to temperature.Bottom in both walls Being provided with sliding window, the gable in dress wet curtain face, equipped with electric external turnover window, moves window top and is also adopted by fixing glass equally.Blower fan faces the mountain wall All use fixing glass, windowless.All or part of vent window can be opened during gravity-flow ventilation.

The glasshouse of this structure, also includes supplementing light for greenhouse system, uses Shanghai to close ring board light compensating lamp supplementary light, permissible The more easily coordinate plant growth cycle can increase yield so that plant lists in advance.

The glasshouse of this structure as shown in figure 16, also includes greenhouse irrigation system: the function of greenhouse irrigation system, mainly It is that irrigation water is extracted from water source, through suitably pressurizeing, purifying, after filtration etc. processes, aqueduct sends into field irrigation and set Standby, finally implemented to irrigate to crop by the douche in greenhouse field irrigation equipment.

Greenhouse irrigation system generally includes water source project, head pivot, water supply network, field irrigation equipment, automatically controls Equipment etc. five part, different with irrigating requirement due to water supply conditions in actual production, greenhouse irrigation system may be only by partly setting Standby composition.

If Figure 17, Figure 18 and Figure 19 are mini sprinkler structure and duty and performance schematic diagram, use unique whirler Structure, utilizes the hydraulics runner of science, forms the fine uniform globule, for warmhouse booth, orchard, family garden, strip-type The sprinkling irrigation of flowers or vegetables in the places such as greening, can be used for fruit tree of spraying, flowers, greenhouse, booth and nursery etc.;Dismountable spray Mouth, inserts formula with having and reversely hung Yong is installed.

The glasshouse of this structure, also includes temperature-increasing system, uses water heating air conditioner heating mode and Hot-blast Heating pattern phase In conjunction with, when winter, indoor greenhouse was less than less than 10 degree Celsius, opens intelligence HTS warming-up device, make indoor can arbitrarily control agriculture Temperature needed for crop, native system is the most intelligent simultaneously, has not only saved cost but also reduce manpower, wherein the big technology of warming-up device four Breaking through: the theory of combustion breaks through, boiler thermal output is low, the problem such as insufficient of burning to use machinery strong combustion principle fundamentally to solve; The thermal efficiency is broken through;The inefficient common fault of coal-fired boiler hot of breaking the normal procedure, thermal efficiency ratio conventional boiler improves more than 20%;Environmental protection refers to Mark is broken through, break general coal-burning boiler due to burning insufficient and cause environmental protection phenomenon the most up to standard, current numerical control boiler connects The Environmental Protection Level of nearly oil burning boiler, reaches and is better than a national class area environmental requirement;Automatization breaks through, and uses brand-new micro computer Electronic control system, depending on temperature is followed one's inclinations, coal incendivity 6-12 hour, more save worry, laborsaving;This heating system makes With rear, greenhouse can be made under cold conditions, make diurnal temperature all can be maintained at more than 15 degree Celsius, in order to crops can be allowed normal Growth.

The glasshouse of this structure, by controller, reliable Multiple Type sensor (as temperature, humidity, illumination, two Carbonoxide concentration, wind speed, wind direction and rain sensor etc.), it is achieved the window controlling system in greenhouse, shading system, heating system and Carbon dioxide liquid manure system etc. carries out Automated condtrol, and then realizes intelligent management and control requirement, also can carry out data with host computer Exchange, it is achieved far-end control.

The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For Yuan, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvement, these improvement also should be regarded as the present invention's Protection domain.

Claims (7)

1. intelligent glass warmhouse booth, it is characterised in that: by Dong Shanqiang (1), Western Hills wall (2), rear wall (3), front wall (4), ceiling (5) form with Kan Qiang (12);Described Dong Shanqiang (1), Western Hills wall (2), rear wall (3), front wall (4) and ceiling (5) are respectively by centre Column, four corner posts, end face entablature, wet curtain crossbeam, blower fan crossbeam, truss, greenhouse grit, roofing lacing wire and cross shear support Composition, wherein, truss, wind up including transverse truss, truss, truss lower edge, truss cross bar and truss two facade connecting plate with upper, Lower edge junction be welded with set square girth member;Described Dong Shanqiang (1), Western Hills wall (2), rear wall (3) and front wall (4) pass through respectively Foundation base (8) is installed on the ground;Be provided with on described ceiling (5) external sunshade curtain (6), top-open window (7), sunshading board (13) and Rainwater-collecting groove (14);Described front wall (4) is provided with on blower fan (9), rear wall (3) and front wall (4) and is respectively arranged with wet curtain (11); Described Dong Shanqiang (1), Western Hills wall (2) both sides are closed and are provided with the rain groove downcomer being used in combination with rainwater-collecting groove (14) (15);It is respectively arranged with double glazing on the composition framework of described Dong Shanqiang (1), Western Hills wall (2), rear wall (3) and front wall (4) (10);Described Dong Shanqiang (1), Western Hills wall are provided with perpendicular bracing frame at interval of 12 meters between (2).
Intelligent glass warmhouse booth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described middle standing pillar uses 120 × 120 The galvanizing rectangular tube of × 3.8mm;Four corner posts use the galvanizing square tube of 120 × 120 × 3.8mm;End face entablature uses The galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 40 × 2.5mm;Wet curtain, blower fan crossbeam use the galvanizing rectangular tube of 100 × 50 × 2mm;Greenhouse Grit uses 80 × 40 × 20 × 2.5mm galvanizing C-type steel;Roofing lacing wire uses the steel wire rope of a diameter of 3mm;Cross shear supports Use the round steel of a diameter of 16mm.
Intelligent glass warmhouse booth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a length of 12m of described transverse truss is high Degree is 60cm;Truss winds up the galvanizing rectangular tube of employing 60 × 40 × 2.5mm;Truss lower edge uses the heat of 60 × 40 × 2.5m Zinc-plated rectangular tube;Truss width bar uses a diameter of 16mm round steel, and Zinc Coating Thickness is 0.08 0.10mm.
Intelligent glass warmhouse booth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described rainwater-collecting groove (14) uses The clod wash heat zinc coating plate of 360 × 3.75mm, heavy in section can the rainfall of anti-140mm/ hour;Described rain groove downcomer (15) uses anti- Aging UPVC manages, a diameter of 110 mm.
Intelligent glass warmhouse booth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described glasshouse booth, also include It is arranged on being used on ceiling (5) and external sunshade curtain (6), top-open window (7), the external sunshade skeleton of sunshading board (13) are installed;Institute Stating external sunshade skeleton to be made up of column, crossbeam, longeron and bridging, wherein, column uses the galvanizing rectangle of 50 × 50 × 2mm Pipe;Crossbeam end face uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 50 × 2mm;Longeron uses the galvanizing rectangular tube of 50 × 30 × 2mm;Cut Cutter support uses the round steel Zinc Coating Thickness of a diameter of 12mm to be 0.08 0.10mm.
A kind of glasshouse booth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described foundation base (8) is concrete point Formula arranges, and is cast in the heatable adobe sleeping platform of long 600 × wide by 600 × deep 800.
A kind of glasshouse booth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a height of 1.8 meters of described wet curtain (11), Thickness is 0.10 meter;Described blower fan (9) is low noise axial fan, and exhaust air rate is not less than 40000 m3/h, and power is 1.1kw.
CN201610489834.2A 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 Intelligent glass greenhouse CN106034833A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106922446A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-07-07 江苏润城温室科技股份有限公司 A kind of glasshouse greenhouse
CN107155722A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-15 兴化市晋益温室设备有限公司 A kind of intelligent glasshouse greenhouse
CN107347502A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-17 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 The control method and control system of cool-down dehumidification, intelligent greenhouse
CN107371893A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-24 江苏创璟温室设备有限公司 A kind of intelligent glass greenhouse
CN109362420A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-02-22 东北石油大学 A kind of greenhouse of the glass fender of paraffin containing nano particle structure
CN109744022A (en) * 2017-11-01 2019-05-14 四季洋圃生物机电股份有限公司 Full-time light source plant factor

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106922446A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-07-07 江苏润城温室科技股份有限公司 A kind of glasshouse greenhouse
CN107155722A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-15 兴化市晋益温室设备有限公司 A kind of intelligent glasshouse greenhouse
CN107347502A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-17 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 The control method and control system of cool-down dehumidification, intelligent greenhouse
CN107371893A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-24 江苏创璟温室设备有限公司 A kind of intelligent glass greenhouse
CN109744022A (en) * 2017-11-01 2019-05-14 四季洋圃生物机电股份有限公司 Full-time light source plant factor
CN109362420A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-02-22 东北石油大学 A kind of greenhouse of the glass fender of paraffin containing nano particle structure

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