CN112655435A - Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112655435A
CN112655435A CN202011536544.1A CN202011536544A CN112655435A CN 112655435 A CN112655435 A CN 112655435A CN 202011536544 A CN202011536544 A CN 202011536544A CN 112655435 A CN112655435 A CN 112655435A
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China
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supporting
installation
rod
rods
plate
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CN202011536544.1A
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CN112655435B (en
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王进炎
袁明波
王点点
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Zhejiang Deli Shade Material Co ltd
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Zhejiang Deli Shade Material Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

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Abstract

The invention discloses a supporting structure of a sunshade net for agricultural planting and a construction method thereof, wherein the supporting structure comprises vertical frames, a cross rod is arranged between two vertical frames which are distributed oppositely, the cross rod comprises two arc-shaped supporting rods and a central rod, the central rod is arranged between the arc-shaped supporting rods, a reinforcing frame is arranged between two adjacent cross rods, two sides of the reinforcing frame are connected with fixing screws, the arc-shaped supporting rods are connected with mounting screw sleeves corresponding to the fixing screws, supporting columns are arranged at the bottom of the reinforcing frame, and a telescopic frame is arranged between two adjacent supporting columns; the construction method comprises the following steps: (a) the vertical frames are arranged in rows; (b) assembling the straddle; (c) butt joint; (d) and (5) supporting and forming. The supporting structure is novel in structure, not prone to scattering, reliable in strength, strong in impact resistance, wind blowing resistant, long in service life, convenient to disassemble and assemble, convenient to flexibly arrange on site, simple in construction method operation, high in construction efficiency, gradual and orderly, labor-saving, convenient and fast, easy to flexibly adjust and capable of guaranteeing construction quality.

Description

Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of sunshade nets, and particularly relates to a supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net and a construction method of the supporting structure.
Background
Sunshade net is also called shading net, and is an essential facility in agricultural planting. The effects of shading light, shielding rain, preserving moisture and cooling are achieved after covering in summer, and a certain heat preservation and humidification effect is achieved after covering in winter and spring.
The existing sunshade net is mainly supported by a support frame, and the frame materials of the support frame are cement piles, wood columns, iron pipes, iron wires and the like, so that the construction is complicated, the operation difficulty is high, time and labor are wasted, the volume is large, the transportation is inconvenient, and the construction cost is high; in order to improve the shock resistance to adapt to windy weather, a fixing mode of welding or a plurality of bolts is adopted between the joints of the rod pieces, the installation strength is increased, and the disassembly is not convenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems in the prior art and provides a supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net and a construction method thereof.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a bearing structure of farming sunshade net, includes the grudging post, its characterized in that: a transverse plate and a stop lever are arranged between two adjacent vertical frames, a cross rod is arranged between the two vertical frames which are distributed oppositely and comprises two arc-shaped supporting rods and a central rod, the central rod is arranged between the arc-shaped supporting rods, the arc-shaped supporting rods are connected with the transverse plate, a reinforcing frame is arranged between the two adjacent cross rods, two sides of the reinforcing frame are connected with fixing screws, installation screw sleeves corresponding to the fixing screws are connected onto the arc-shaped supporting rods, supporting columns are arranged at the bottom of the reinforcing frame, an expansion frame is arranged between the two adjacent supporting columns, an anchoring screw penetrates through the expansion frame, a limiting nut is connected onto the anchoring screw, and the limiting nut is positioned below the expansion frame; the supporting structure is novel in structure, not easy to scatter, reliable in strength, strong in impact resistance, wind blowing resistant, long in service life, convenient to disassemble and assemble, low in transportation cost and convenient to flexibly arrange on site.
Further, the reinforcing frame includes the top board, gusset plate and bottom plate, the gusset plate is located between top board and the bottom plate, the both ends of bottom plate all are equipped with fixed swivel nut, fixing screw connects the both ends at fixed swivel nut, symmetric distribution has fixed inserted block on the bottom surface of top board, be equipped with the slot corresponding with fixed inserted block on the well core rod, reinforcing frame simple structure, and intensity is reliable, insert fixed inserted block from last down in the slot, make the reinforcing frame spacing between two span rods, and easy operation, then outwards rotate fixing screw, be connected with the installation swivel nut, make the reinforcing frame spacing fix between two span rods, be difficult to drop, the reinforcing frame is with two span rods pinning body, as the interior top support unit of sunshade net, and stable in structure, the reliability is high.
Further, the support column includes two at least pillars, and the top of pillar is equipped with fixed lug, and the bottom of pillar is equipped with the spacing draw-in groove corresponding with fixed lug, is equipped with the location logical groove corresponding with fixed lug on the bottom plate, through changing the quantity of piling up of pillar, changes the support height of support column, and is nimble suitable for, easy operation, the support column gives the reinforcement frame support, avoids the reinforcement frame to receive the too big and inflection of pressure of sunshade net and warp, has improved the structural stability of reinforcement frame, long service life.
Further, the expansion bracket includes installation cover and bottom plate, bottom plate sliding connection is at the both ends of installation cover, the support column is held to the bottom plate, be equipped with on the bottom plate with the corresponding installation fixture block of spacing draw-in groove, the width of installation fixture block is not more than half of spacing draw-in groove width, the anchor screw rod passes the installation cover, the length of expansion bracket can be adjusted in a flexible way, in order to be adapted to the actual interval of two support columns, high adaptability, in up inserting spacing draw-in groove down the installation fixture block, upwards rotate limit nut, drive the bottom surface that the support column was pasted to the bottom plate through the installation cover, limit nut holds the installation cover, the gliding of restriction installation cover, spacing draw-in groove can.
Furthermore, a reinforcing rod is arranged between two adjacent cross rods, two ends of the reinforcing rod are respectively provided with a pipe sleeve corresponding to the installation screw sleeves, two adjacent installation screw sleeves on the same side are connected together, and the two installation screw sleeves can be driven to synchronously rotate by operating the reinforcing rod, so that the butt joint is facilitated, and the convenience in operation is improved; the setting of gusset bar has improved the joint strength between two adjacent poles of striding, supports each other, supports, has improved holistic structure steadiness.
Further, be equipped with fixed cover on the anchor strut, the fixed cover is sheathe in and is rotated and be connected with the backup pad, the one end of backup pad is rotated and is connected with the installation screw pin, be equipped with the installation through-hole corresponding with the installation screw pin on the diaphragm, be connected with fastening nut on the installation screw pin, fastening nut restriction installation screw pin deviates from the installation through-hole, realize that anchor strut and diaphragm pin are drawn and are connected the adult, give mutual support through the backup pad, structural reliability has been improved, also indirect joint strength who improves between diaphragm and the stride pole, be difficult to the frame that looses, holistic structural strength and stability have been improved, impact resistance is strong, be difficult for being blown down by the wind, blow.
Further, the symmetric distribution has the inserted bar on the diaphragm, the symmetric distribution has the logical groove of installation corresponding with the inserted bar on the grudging post, be equipped with spacing through-hole on the inserted bar, the one end of arc bracing piece is equipped with the fixed end corresponding with spacing through-hole, the diaphragm, adopt detachable connected mode between grudging post and the arc bracing piece, be convenient for transport, field operation is simple, low in labor strength, pass the installation logical groove with the inserted bar earlier, insert the fixed end in spacing through-hole again, the installation logical groove is deviate from freely to the restriction inserted bar, realize that a diaphragm pin makes two grudging posts, keep the fixed spacing between two grudging posts, connect reliably.
Furthermore, the two ends of the center rod are provided with protruding heads, one end of each arc-shaped supporting rod is provided with a sleeve corresponding to the protruding heads, the cross rod is detachable, transportation to the site is facilitated, flexible arrangement is achieved, damage is replaceable, maintenance cost is low, the protruding heads are sleeved through the sleeves, the center rod is limited between the two arc-shaped supporting rods, after the fixing screw rods are connected with the installation screw sleeves, the center rod cannot be separated from the arc-shaped supporting rods, the cross rod cannot be scattered, and stability of the whole structure is high.
Further, longitudinal distribution has the horizontal through-hole corresponding with the pin on the grudging post, the symmetric distribution has the retaining ring on the pin, the cross-sectional diameter of retaining ring is greater than the cross-sectional diameter of horizontal through-hole, adopt the detachable connected mode between grudging post and the pin, be convenient for transport and arrange to the scene is nimble, damage also be convenient for change, along with adorning along with usefulness, the length in the pin entered into horizontal through-hole has been restricted to the retaining ring, horizontal through-hole can not be worn out to the pin, two adjacent grudging posts receive the control of pin simultaneously, stagger around being difficult to taking place, avoid the east to fall the west askew, the pin can regard as the installation of sunshade net and depend on the basis.
Further, the bottom of grudging post is equipped with the anchor nail, and the bottom side of grudging post is equipped with the fixed block, is equipped with the installation counter bore on the fixed block, and the anchor nail has improved the ability of breaking ground of grudging post, and the grudging post of being convenient for inserts the below ground, realizes fixing on the spot, and is firm reliable, drives rag bolt in to the installation counter bore again, improves fixed firm nature, is difficult to empty, and stability is high.
A construction method of a supporting structure of a sunshade net for agricultural planting is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(a) the vertical frames are arranged in rows:
the method comprises the steps that a transverse through hole in a vertical frame is sleeved on the end part of a stop lever, so that the stop lever is limited and installed between two vertical frames;
secondly, the inserted bar on the transverse plate penetrates through the installation through grooves in the vertical frames, so that the limiting through holes in the inserted bar are exposed, and one transverse plate is installed between the two vertical frames in a limiting manner, so that two rows of supporting side walls are obtained, and the length of each supporting side wall meets the requirements of construction drawings;
(b) assembling the span rod:
the mounting threaded sleeves on the arc-shaped supporting rods penetrate through the pipe sleeves at the end parts of the reinforcing rods, so that the reinforcing rods are limited between the two arc-shaped supporting rods;
sleeving a sleeve at one end of each arc-shaped support rod with a raised head at the end part of the central rod, so that the central rod is limited between the two arc-shaped support rods, and an assembly of two cross rods is obtained;
(c) butt joint:
inserting a fixing end head at the other end of an arc-shaped supporting rod into a limiting through hole in an inserting rod downwards to enable a cross rod to be limited between two vertical frames which are distributed oppositely;
secondly, the vertical frame is pressed downwards, so that the anchoring nails at the bottom of the vertical frame are inserted into the ground;
thirdly, the fixed inserting block on the bottom surface of the upper pressure plate is inserted into the inserting groove on the central rod, so that the reinforcing frame is limited between the two cross rods;
lifting the reinforcing rod upwards to drive the installation screw sleeve to rotate upwards to enable the installation screw sleeve to keep a horizontal state, and then rotating fixing screws at two ends of the fixing screw sleeve outwards to enable the fixing screws to be connected with the installation screw sleeve, so that the reinforcing frame is limited and fixed between the two cross rods;
(d) supporting and forming:
inserting a fixing lug at the top of one supporting column into a limiting clamping groove at the bottom of the other supporting column, and connecting the supporting columns one by one to obtain supporting columns, wherein the height of each supporting column is smaller than the ground clearance of a lower fixing plate;
secondly, unfolding the telescopic frame, inserting the mounting fixture block on the bottom plate into the limiting clamp groove at the bottom of the support column, and limiting the telescopic frame between the two support columns;
erecting the supporting column, inserting the fixing lug at the top of the supporting column into the positioning through groove on the lower fixing plate from bottom to top, and then pressing down the anchoring screw rod on the mounting sleeve to enable the anchoring screw rod to be inserted below the ground;
fourth, upwards rotate the spacing nut on the anchor screw, drive the bottom plate and rise, make the bottom plate paste the bottom surface of support column.
Further, step (c) still includes rotating the backup pad, aim at the installation through-hole on the diaphragm with the installation swivel bolt of backup pad one end, transversely slide the stiffener, make the installation swivel bolt wear out the installation through-hole, then install fastening nut on the installation swivel bolt, through fastening nut restriction installation swivel bolt deviate from the installation through-hole, realize that the stiffener is connected the adult with the diaphragm pin traction, give mutual support through the backup pad, improved overall structure's stability, resist wind-force effect, be difficult to warp, the shelf that looses, adjust in a flexible way, easy operation, and convenient positioning, installation strong adaptability.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the reinforcing frame is formed by drawing two cross rods, on one hand, the two cross rods are connected with the central rod through the upper pressing plate, on the other hand, the arc-shaped supporting rods are indirectly connected through the fixing screw rods and the mounting screw sleeves, the multipoint connection is realized, the connecting strength is high, the effect is good, and the reinforcing frame is used as an inner top supporting unit of the sunshade net, the structure is stable, and the reliability is high; the central rod is clamped between the two arc-shaped supporting rods and cannot be separated from the two arc-shaped supporting rods, the cross rods cannot be separated from the rack, the two rows of supporting side walls are integrally drawn by the reinforcing rack, the supporting is mutually supported and supported, the toppling is not easy to happen, and the overall structure is more stable; the arc-shaped support rods limit the inserted rods on the transverse plate from falling out of the installation through grooves on the vertical frame, so that the assembling reliability of the transverse plate and the vertical frame is improved; a diaphragm pin will two grudging posts pin down the body, is difficult to the separation, has improved the reliability that the pin was installed between two grudging posts, and two adjacent grudging posts receive the pin simultaneously and pin down, stagger around being difficult to take place, avoid the east to fall the west askew, pin down, and the basis is depended on in the installation that the pin can regard as the sunshade net, improves the installation convenience of sunshade net.
Through the quantity of piling up that changes the pillar, can change the support height of support column, it is nimble suitable, the equipment is simple, the length of expansion bracket can be adjusted in a flexible way, in order to be adapted to the actual interval of two spinal branch daggers, strong adaptability, the support height of expansion bracket is variable, in order to be adapted to the terrain clearance of support column, insert spacing draw-in groove from up down with the installation fixture block, upwards rotate limit nut, drive the bottom surface that the bottom plate pasted the support column through the mounting sleeve, limit nut holds the installation cover, the restriction installation cover glides, the spacing draw-in groove can't be deviate from to the installation fixture block, connect reliably, the mounting sleeve gives the bottom plate and supports, the support column support is given to the bottom plate, the back up shelf support is given to the support column, successive layer-by-layer interact, avoid the back up.
The arrangement of the reinforcing rods improves the connecting strength between two adjacent cross rods, mutual support and support are realized, the structural stability of the whole is improved, two mounting threaded sleeves can be driven to synchronously rotate by operating the reinforcing rods, the butt joint is facilitated, and the convenience in operation is improved; the reinforcing rod and the transverse plate are connected into a whole in a traction mode, the transverse plate and the transverse plate are mutually supported through the supporting plate, the structural reliability is improved, the connecting strength between the transverse plate and the cross rod is indirectly improved, the frame is not prone to scattering, the overall structural strength and stability are improved, the impact resistance is strong, the transverse plate and the cross rod are not prone to being blown down and scattered, and the service life is long.
This bearing structure novel structure connects closely, is difficult to the frame that looses, and intensity is reliable, and impact resistance is strong, and resistant wind blows, long service life, the dismouting is convenient, and the cost of transportation is low, and the scene of being convenient for is nimble to be arranged, and construction operation is simple, and the efficiency of construction is high, and the suitability is strong, damages and in time to be changed, and the maintenance cost is low.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a supporting structure of a sunshade net for agricultural planting according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the construction of the support structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a reinforcing frame according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection of a center pole and an arc-shaped support pole according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the connection structure of the stand and the stop lever according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing the construction of the connection of the cross plate and the reinforcing bar according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the connection between the telescopic frame and the support column according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1-erecting a frame; 2-anchoring nails; 3, fixing blocks; 4, mounting a counter bore; 5-a transverse plate; 6-a stop lever; 7-a straddle; 8-arc-shaped supporting rods; 9-a central rod; 10-raised head; 11-a sleeve; 12-a lateral through hole; 13-a retainer ring; 14-a plunger; 15-installing a through groove; 16-a limiting through hole; 17-fixing the end; 18-a reinforcement bar; 19-installing a threaded sleeve; 20-pipe sleeve; 21-reinforcing frame; 22-an upper platen; 23-a reinforcement plate; 24-lower fixing plate; 25-fixed thread insert; 26-a fixed screw; 27-fixing the insert block; 28-slot; 29-a fixation sleeve; 30-a support plate; 31-installing a screw pin; 32-mounting a through hole; 33-a fastening nut; 34-a support column; 35-a pillar; 36-fixed bumps; 37-a limiting clamping groove; 38-positioning through slots; 39-a telescopic frame; 40-mounting a sleeve; 41-a bottom plate; 42-anchoring screw rod; 43-limit nut; 44-mounting a fixture block; 45-lower groove.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, the supporting structure of the agricultural planting sunshade net comprises a vertical frame 1, wherein an anchoring nail 2 is arranged at the bottom of the vertical frame 1, a fixing block 3 is arranged on the side face of the bottom of the vertical frame 1, so that the supporting area of the bottom of the vertical frame 1 is increased, a mounting counter bore 4 is arranged on the fixing block 3, the anchoring nail 2 improves the soil breaking capacity of the vertical frame 1, the vertical frame 1 can be conveniently inserted into the ground to realize on-site fixing, the fixing is firm and reliable, a foundation bolt is driven into the mounting counter bore 4, the fixing firmness is improved, the fixing is not prone to toppling, and the stability is high. Be equipped with diaphragm 5 and pin 6 between two adjacent grudging posts 1, be equipped with between two grudging posts 1 of relative distribution and stride pole 7, it includes two arc bracing pieces 8 and central rod 9 to stride pole 7, well core rod 9 locates between the arc bracing piece 8, well core rod 9's both ends all are equipped with plush copper 10, arc bracing piece 8's one end is equipped with the sleeve pipe 11 corresponding with plush copper 10, stride pole 7 can dismantle, be convenient for transport to the scene is nimble to be arranged, it is removable to damage, the maintenance cost is low, entangle plush copper 10 through sleeve pipe 11, make well core rod 9 spacing between two arc bracing pieces 8, can be according to the well core rod 9 of actual demand design different length, change the length of stride pole, thereby change the scope of laying of sunshade.
Longitudinal distribution has the horizontal through-hole 12 corresponding with pin 6 on the grudging post 1, the last symmetric distribution of pin 6 has retaining ring 13, retaining ring 13's cross-sectional diameter is greater than the cross-sectional diameter of horizontal through-hole 12, adopt detachable connected mode between grudging post 1 and the pin 6, be convenient for transport and arrange to the scene is nimble, damage also be convenient for change, along with adorning along with usefulness, retaining ring 13 has restricted the length that pin 6 entered into in the horizontal through-hole 12, horizontal through-hole 12 can not worn out to pin 6, adjacent two grudging posts 1 receive the control of pin 6 simultaneously, stagger around being difficult to take place, avoid the east to fall westward, the installation that pin 6 can regard as the sunshade net depends on the basis, improve the installation convenience of sunshade net.
The inserting rods 14 are symmetrically distributed on the transverse plate 5, the installing through grooves 15 corresponding to the inserting rods 14 are symmetrically distributed on the vertical frames 1, the limiting through holes 16 are formed in the inserting rods 14, the fixing end heads 17 corresponding to the limiting through holes 16 are arranged at one ends of the arc-shaped supporting rods 8, the transverse plate 5 and the arc-shaped supporting rods 8 are detachably connected, the transportation is convenient, the field operation is simple, the labor intensity is low, the inserting rods 14 penetrate through the installing through grooves 15 firstly, the fixing end heads 17 are inserted into the limiting through holes 16, the inserting rods 14 are limited to be freely separated from the installing through grooves 15, the two vertical frames 1 are restrained to be integrally by the transverse plate 5, the fixed distance is kept between the two vertical frames 1, and the connection is reliable. A reinforcing rod 18 is arranged between two adjacent cross rods 7, the arc-shaped supporting rod 8 is rotatably connected with an installation threaded sleeve 19, two ends of the reinforcing rod 18 are respectively provided with a pipe sleeve 20 corresponding to the installation threaded sleeve 19, two adjacent installation threaded sleeves 19 on the same side are connected together, the two installation threaded sleeves 19 can be driven to synchronously rotate by operating the reinforcing rod 18, the butt joint is facilitated, and the operation convenience is improved; the arrangement of the reinforcing rods 18 improves the connection strength between two adjacent cross rods 7, mutual support and support are realized, and the overall structural stability is improved.
A reinforcing frame 21 is arranged between two adjacent cross rods 7, the reinforcing frame 21 comprises an upper pressure plate 22, a reinforcing plate 23 and a lower fixing plate 24, the reinforcing plate 23 is arranged between the upper pressure plate 22 and the lower fixing plate 24, both ends of the lower fixing plate 24 are respectively provided with a fixing screw sleeve 25, both ends of the fixing screw sleeves 25 are respectively connected with a fixing screw 26, the fixing screw 26 corresponds to the mounting screw sleeve 19, the bottom surface of the upper pressure plate 22 is symmetrically distributed with fixing insertion blocks 27, a central rod 9 is provided with a lower groove 45 corresponding to the upper pressure plate 22, the lower groove 45 plays a transverse limiting role on the upper pressure plate 22, the lower groove 45 is internally provided with an insertion groove 28 corresponding to the fixing insertion block 27, the reinforcing frame 21 has a simple structure and reliable strength, the fixing insertion block 27 is inserted into the insertion groove 28 from top to bottom, so that the reinforcing frame 21 is limited between the two cross rods 7, the operation is simple, and then the fixing screw 26 is rotated, well core rod 9 can't break away from arc bracing piece 8, stride pole 7 can not loose the frame, the equipment reliability of striding the pole has been improved, realize simultaneously that reinforcing frame 21 is spacing to be fixed between two poles 7 of striding, be difficult to drop, it is integrative to link, reinforcing frame 21 is with two poles 7 of striding and is drawn the adult, on the one hand connect well core rod 9 through top board 22, on the other hand connects installation swivel nut 19 through clamping screw 26 and realizes indirect connection arc bracing piece 8, the multiple spot is connected, joint strength is high, and is effectual, as the interior top support element of sunshade net, moreover, the steam generator is stable in structure, high reliability.
Be equipped with fixed cover 29 on the reinforcing bar 18, it is connected with backup pad 30 to rotate on the fixed cover 29, the one end of backup pad 30 is rotated and is connected with installation screw pin 31, be equipped with the installation through-hole 32 corresponding with installation screw pin 31 on the diaphragm 5, be connected with fastening nut 33 on the installation screw pin 31, fastening nut 33 restriction installation screw pin 31 deviates from installation through-hole 32, realize that reinforcing bar 18 and diaphragm 5 are drawn to be connected the adult, give mutual support through backup pad 30, structural reliability has been improved, also indirectly improved the joint strength between diaphragm 5 and the span bar, be difficult to the frame that looses, holistic structural strength and stability have been improved, impact resistance is strong, be difficult for being blown down, blow away, long service life.
The bottom of reinforcing frame 21 is equipped with support column 34, support column 34 includes two at least pillars 35, the top of pillar 35 is equipped with fixed lug 36, the bottom of pillar 35 is equipped with the spacing draw-in groove 37 corresponding with fixed lug 36, be equipped with the location logical groove 38 corresponding with fixed lug 36 on the bottom plate 24, through the quantity of piling up that changes pillar 35, can change the support height of support column 34, it is nimble suitable for, and easy operation, support column 34 gives reinforcing frame 21 and supports, avoid reinforcing frame 21 to receive the too big and bending deformation of pressure of sunshade net, the structural stability of reinforcing frame 21 has been improved, and long service life.
An expansion bracket 39 is arranged between two adjacent support columns 34, the expansion bracket 39 comprises an installation sleeve 40 and a bottom plate 41, the bottom plate 41 is slidably connected with two ends of the installation sleeve 40, an anchor screw 42 penetrates through the installation sleeve 40, a limit nut 43 is connected on the anchor screw 42, the limit nut 43 is positioned below the installation sleeve 40, an installation clamping block 44 corresponding to the limit clamping groove 37 is arranged on the bottom plate 41, the width of the installation clamping block 44 is not more than half of the width of the limit clamping groove 37, the length of the expansion bracket 39 can be flexibly adjusted to adapt to the actual distance between the two support columns 34, the adaptability is strong, the supporting height of the expansion bracket 39 can be changed to adapt to the ground clearance of the support columns 34, the installation clamping block 44 is inserted into the limit clamping groove 37 from bottom to top, the limit nut 43 is rotated upwards, the bottom plate 41 is driven to be attached to the bottom surfaces of the support columns 34 through the, the installation sleeve 40 is limited from sliding downwards, the installation clamping block 44 cannot be separated from the limiting clamping groove 37, and the connection is reliable.
A construction method of a supporting structure of a sunshade net for agricultural planting comprises the following steps:
(a) the vertical frames 1 are arranged in rows:
the utility model provides a horizontal through-hole 12 of gripping the tip of pin 6 on the grudging post 1 for 6 spacing installations of pin between two grudging posts 1, the location is convenient, and the butt joint is simple, and the operation degree of difficulty is low, and retaining ring 13 has restricted the length that pin 6 entered into in the horizontal through-hole 12, and horizontal through-hole 12 can not worn out by pin 6, connects reliably, links a plurality of grudging posts 1 as an organic whole, the overall operation of being convenient for.
The installation that goes out the inserted bar 14 on the diaphragm 5 and lead to the groove 15 on the grudging post 1 is led to the next, makes spacing through-hole 16 on the inserted bar 14 expose, and 5 spacing installations of a diaphragm obtain two rows of support side walls between two grudging posts 1, make the length that supports the side wall accord with the requirement of construction drawing, and two grudging posts 1 are connected simultaneously to a diaphragm 5, a plurality of continuous arrangements of being convenient for, and length is variable, and the suitability is strong.
(b) Assembling the span rod:
firstly, the mounting thread sleeves 19 on the arc-shaped supporting rods 8 penetrate through the pipe sleeves 20 at the end parts of the reinforcing rods 18, so that the reinforcing rods 18 are limited between the two arc-shaped supporting rods 8, the two arc-shaped supporting rods 8 are connected together through the reinforcing rods 18, the two mounting thread sleeves 19 can be driven to rotate synchronously through the operation of the reinforcing rods 18, the butt joint is facilitated, and the convenience in operation is improved.
The sleeve pipe 11 with 8 one ends of the arc-shaped supporting rods is sleeved on the raised head 10 at the end part of the center rod 9, so that the center rod 9 is limited between the two arc-shaped supporting rods 8, two assembly bodies of the cross rods are obtained, the whole taking operation is facilitated, and the operation intensity is reduced.
(c) Butt joint:
inserting the fixed end 17 of the other end of the arc-shaped support rod 8 into the limiting through hole 16 in the inserting rod 14, enabling the spanning rod to be limited between two opposite-distributed vertical frames 1, enabling the spanning rod assembly to connect two rows of support side walls together, enabling the installation of the sunshade net to be attached to a frame to be basically molded, enabling the arc-shaped support rod 8 to limit the inserting rod 14 to be separated from the installation through groove 15, and improving the assembling reliability of the transverse plate 5 and the vertical frames 1 and enabling the transverse plate and the vertical frames to be incapable of being separated.
The anchor nail 2 of 1 bottom of grudging post is inserted the below ground in the lower pressure grudging post 1 of portion, and is fixed on the spot, and is firm reliable, and is convenient fast, to driving into rag bolt in the installation counter bore 4, improves fixed firm nature, is difficult to empty, and stability is high.
The fixing insertion blocks 27 on the bottom surface of the upper pressing plate 22 are inserted into the insertion grooves 28 in the central rod 9, so that the reinforcing frame 21 is limited between the two cross rods, the positioning is convenient, the operation is simple, the cross rods support the reinforcing frame 21, the cross rods do not fall off freely, the follow-up construction is convenient, and the construction is simple and convenient.
Fourthly, the reinforcing rod 18 is lifted upwards, the installation screw sleeve 19 is driven to rotate upwards, the installation screw sleeve 19 is enabled to be kept in a horizontal state, then the fixing screws 26 at the two ends of the fixing screw sleeve 25 are rotated outwards, the fixing screws 26 are enabled to be connected with the installation screw sleeve 19, the reinforcing frame 21 is enabled to be fixed between two cross rods in a limiting mode, the central rod 9 cannot be separated from the arc-shaped supporting rod 8, the cross rods 7 cannot be separated, the reinforcing frame 21 is enabled to integrally constrain two rows of supporting side walls, the supporting frame is mutually supported and supported, the supporting frame is not prone to toppling, and the whole structure is more stable.
Fifthly, the supporting plate 30 is rotated, the mounting screw pin 31 at one end of the supporting plate 30 is aligned to the mounting through hole 32 in the transverse plate 5, the reinforcing rod 18 is transversely slid to enable the mounting screw pin 31 to penetrate out of the mounting through hole 32, then the fastening nut 33 is mounted on the mounting screw pin 31, the mounting screw pin 31 is limited to be separated from the mounting through hole 32 through the fastening nut 33, the reinforcing rod 18 and the transverse plate 5 are connected in a traction mode to form a whole, mutual support is achieved through the supporting plate 30, the stability of the whole structure is improved, wind force is resisted, deformation and frame scattering are not prone to occurring, adjustment is flexible, operation is simple, positioning is convenient.
(d) Supporting and forming:
inserting a fixing lug 36 at the top of one supporting column 35 into a limiting clamping groove 37 at the bottom of the other supporting column 35, connecting the supporting columns 34 one by one, wherein the difference between the ground clearance of the lower fixing plate 24 and the height of the supporting column 34 is smaller than the height of one supporting column 35, and the supporting height of the supporting column 34 is changed by changing the stacking number of the supporting columns 35.
The expansion bracket 39 is unfolded, the mounting clamping block 44 on the bottom plate 41 is inserted into the limiting clamping groove 37 in the bottom of the support columns 34, the expansion bracket 39 is limited between the two support columns 34, the length of the expansion bracket 39 is variable, the position of the mounting sleeve 40 can be adjusted in a horizontal sliding mode, the butt joint is convenient, and the flexibility is strong.
The support columns 34 are erected, the fixing lugs 36 on the tops of the support columns 34 are inserted into the positioning through grooves 38 in the lower fixing plate 24 from bottom to top, then the anchoring screw rods 42 on the mounting sleeves 40 are pressed downwards to be inserted into the ground to achieve on-site fixing, the anchoring screw rods 42 limit the mounting sleeves 40 to slide transversely, the mounting fixture blocks 44 are clamped with the support columns 34, the mounting sleeves 40 are limited to rotate freely, deflection and displacement are not prone to occurring, and operation is convenient.
Fourth, the limiting nut 43 on the anchoring screw 42 is rotated upwards to drive the bottom plate 41 to ascend, so that the bottom plate 41 is attached to the bottom surface of the supporting column 34, the top surface of the supporting column 34 is attached to the lower fixing plate 24, the contact area is the largest, the supporting is the most reliable, the limiting nut 43 supports the mounting sleeve 40 to limit the mounting sleeve 40 to slide downwards, the mounting fixture block 44 cannot be separated from the limiting clamping groove 37, the bottom plate 41 is tightly connected with the supporting column 35 at the lowest portion, the upper supporting column and the lower supporting column 35 are tightly connected, the upper supporting column and the lower supporting column are not prone to being separated, and the.
The above is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the technical features of the present invention are not limited thereto. Any simple changes, equivalent substitutions or modifications made based on the present invention to solve the same technical problems and achieve the same technical effects are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a bearing structure of farming sunshade net, includes the grudging post, its characterized in that: adjacent two be equipped with diaphragm and pin between the grudging post, relative distribution's two be equipped with the pole of striding between the grudging post, it includes two arc bracing pieces and central rod to stride the pole, central rod locates between the arc bracing piece, the arc bracing piece is connected the diaphragm, adjacent two it is equipped with the anchor frame to stride between the pole, the both sides of anchor frame are connected with clamping screw, be connected with on the arc bracing piece with the corresponding installation swivel nut of clamping screw, the bottom of anchor frame is equipped with the support column, adjacent two be equipped with the expansion bracket between the support column, wear to be equipped with the anchor screw on the expansion bracket, be connected with limit nut on the anchor screw, limit nut is located the below of expansion bracket.
2. The supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 1, wherein: the reinforcing frame comprises an upper pressing plate, a reinforcing plate and a lower fixing plate, the reinforcing plate is arranged between the upper pressing plate and the lower fixing plate, fixed threaded sleeves are arranged at two ends of the lower fixing plate, fixing screws are connected to two ends of the fixed threaded sleeves, fixed inserting blocks are symmetrically distributed on the bottom surface of the upper pressing plate, and inserting grooves corresponding to the fixed inserting blocks are formed in the central rod.
3. The supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 2, wherein: the support column comprises at least two support columns, the top of each support column is provided with a fixing lug, the bottom of each support column is provided with a limiting clamping groove corresponding to the fixing lug, and the lower fixing plate is provided with a positioning through groove corresponding to the fixing lug.
4. A support structure for an agricultural planting sunshade net according to claim 3, wherein: the telescopic frame comprises an installation sleeve and a bottom plate, the bottom plate is connected to the two ends of the installation sleeve in a sliding mode, the bottom plate supports the supporting column, an installation clamping block corresponding to the limiting clamping groove is arranged on the bottom plate, the width of the installation clamping block is not larger than half of the width of the limiting clamping groove, and the anchoring screw penetrates through the installation sleeve.
5. The supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 1, wherein: a reinforcing rod is arranged between every two adjacent cross rods, and two ends of each reinforcing rod are provided with pipe sleeves corresponding to the mounting screw sleeves; the reinforcing rod is provided with a fixing sleeve, the fixing sleeve is rotatably connected with a supporting plate, one end of the supporting plate is rotatably connected with an installation screw pin, the transverse plate is provided with an installation through hole corresponding to the installation screw pin, the installation screw pin is connected with a fastening nut, and the fastening nut limits the installation screw pin to be separated from the installation through hole.
6. The supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 1, wherein: inserting rods are symmetrically distributed on the transverse plate, mounting through grooves corresponding to the inserting rods are symmetrically distributed on the vertical frame, limiting through holes are formed in the inserting rods, and fixing end heads corresponding to the limiting through holes are arranged at one end of the arc-shaped supporting rod; the two ends of the center rod are provided with raised heads, and the other end of the arc-shaped support rod is provided with a sleeve corresponding to the raised heads.
7. The supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 1, wherein: transverse through holes corresponding to the stop rods are longitudinally distributed in the vertical frame, check rings are symmetrically distributed on the stop rods, and the cross section diameters of the check rings are larger than those of the transverse through holes.
8. The supporting structure of an agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 1, wherein: the bottom of grudging post is equipped with the anchor nail, the bottom side of grudging post is equipped with the fixed block, be equipped with the installation counter bore on the fixed block.
9. A construction method of a supporting structure of a sunshade net for agricultural planting is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(a) the vertical frames are arranged in rows:
the method comprises the steps that a transverse through hole in a vertical frame is sleeved on the end part of a stop lever, so that the stop lever is limited and installed between two vertical frames;
secondly, the inserted bar on the transverse plate penetrates through the installation through grooves in the vertical frames, so that the limiting through holes in the inserted bar are exposed, and one transverse plate is installed between the two vertical frames in a limiting manner, so that two rows of supporting side walls are obtained, and the length of each supporting side wall meets the requirements of construction drawings;
(b) assembling the collapse rod:
the mounting threaded sleeves on the arc-shaped supporting rods penetrate through the pipe sleeves at the end parts of the reinforcing rods, so that the reinforcing rods are limited between the two arc-shaped supporting rods;
sleeving a sleeve at one end of each arc-shaped support rod with a raised head at the end part of the central rod, so that the central rod is limited between the two arc-shaped support rods, and an assembly of the two collapse rods is obtained;
(c) butt joint:
inserting a fixing end head at the other end of an arc-shaped supporting rod into a limiting through hole in an inserting rod, so that an collapse rod is limited between two vertical frames which are distributed oppositely;
secondly, the vertical frame is pressed downwards, so that the anchoring nails at the bottom of the vertical frame are inserted into the ground;
thirdly, the fixed insertion block on the bottom surface of the upper pressure plate is inserted into the insertion groove on the central rod, so that the reinforcing frame is limited between the two collapse rods;
lifting the reinforcing rod upwards to drive the installation screw sleeve to rotate upwards to enable the installation screw sleeve to keep a horizontal state, and then rotating fixing screws at two ends of the fixing screw sleeve outwards to enable the fixing screws to be connected with the installation screw sleeve, so that the reinforcing frame is limited and fixed between the two collapse rods;
(d) supporting and forming:
inserting a fixing lug at the top of one supporting column into a limiting clamping groove at the bottom of the other supporting column, and connecting the supporting columns one by one to obtain supporting columns, wherein the height of each supporting column is smaller than the ground clearance of a lower fixing plate;
secondly, unfolding the telescopic frame, inserting the mounting fixture block on the bottom plate into the limiting clamp groove at the bottom of the support column, and limiting the telescopic frame between the two support columns;
erecting the supporting column, inserting the fixing lug at the top of the supporting column into the positioning through groove on the lower fixing plate from bottom to top, and then pressing down the anchoring screw rod on the mounting sleeve to enable the anchoring screw rod to be inserted below the ground;
fourth, upwards rotate the spacing nut on the anchor screw, drive the bottom plate and rise, make the bottom plate paste the bottom surface of support column.
10. The construction method of the supporting structure of the agricultural planting sunshade net of claim 9, wherein: step (c) further comprises the step of rotating the supporting plate, aligning the mounting screw pin at one end of the supporting plate with the mounting through hole in the transverse plate, transversely sliding the reinforcing rod to enable the mounting screw pin to penetrate through the mounting through hole, mounting a fastening nut on the mounting screw pin, and limiting the mounting screw pin to be separated from the mounting through hole through the fastening nut.
CN202011536544.1A 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Supporting structure of agricultural planting sunshade net and construction method thereof Active CN112655435B (en)

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Denomination of invention: A supporting structure and construction method for agricultural planting shading net

Effective date of registration: 20230809

Granted publication date: 20220708

Pledgee: Shengzhou Sub-branch of Postal Savings Bank of China Co.,Ltd.

Pledgor: ZHEJIANG DELI SHADE MATERIAL CO.,LTD.

Registration number: Y2023330001707