CN201418305Y - energy-saving greenhouse - Google Patents

energy-saving greenhouse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201418305Y
CN201418305Y CN2009201030028U CN200920103002U CN201418305Y CN 201418305 Y CN201418305 Y CN 201418305Y CN 2009201030028 U CN2009201030028 U CN 2009201030028U CN 200920103002 U CN200920103002 U CN 200920103002U CN 201418305 Y CN201418305 Y CN 201418305Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sunshade
bar
external sunshade
greenhouse
gutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2009201030028U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张世忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LANGFANG JIUTIAN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LANGFANG JIUTIAN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LANGFANG JIUTIAN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd filed Critical LANGFANG JIUTIAN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009201030028U priority Critical patent/CN201418305Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201418305Y publication Critical patent/CN201418305Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model provides an energy-saving greenhouse belonging to the technical field of greenhouses. The energy-saving greenhouse comprises an enclosure wall body and an outer sunroof, wherein, thetop end of the enclosure wall body adopts a light collection roof, the outer sunroof is erected in midair on the upper surface of the light collection roof, the outer sunroof is covered with a sun-shading curtain, a plurality of skeleton rods identical in height are arranged at intervals along the wall footing the enclosure wall body to form a wall body frame, the wall body frame is divided intoa south wall body, a north wall body and a side wall, both the south wall body and the side wall are covered with light collection panels, the north wall body is covered with an insulation board, thenorth wall body is flush with the outer sunroof, and the outer sunroof at the top end of the south wall body extends outwards to form an outer sun-shading surface. By adding the outer sun-shading surface to the sunlight projectivity surface of the greenhouse, the utility model has the benefit of preventing the greenhouse from being exposed to direct sunlight; by adding a nightside heat insulationwall, the heat insulation effect is enhanced; and by enlarging the coverage of the sun-shading curtain on the side surface, sunlight is shaded, and the tightness is good. The utility model can be widely applied in greenhouses in places such as flat ground, mountainous region, terrace and the like.

Description

A kind of energy saving greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of energy saving greenhouse, and especially a kind of energy-conservation industrialized agriculture greenhouse belongs to arviculture or cultures the greenhouse technology field of using.
Background technology
The greenhouse is the critical facility of modern agriculture, for making full use of illumination, generally adopt as far as possible than the large tracts of land sensitive surface and cover light transmissive material, but the light transmissive material heat-insulating property is relatively poor, has therefore just constituted contradiction between the insulation in whole greenhouse and the daylighting.In the prior art, the greenhouse usually adopts the high light transmittance ratio glass plate as cladding material for increasing illumination, though illuminance has increased, but glass has than high heat transfer coefficient, it is very fast to dispel the heat, and heat-insulating property is poor, and corresponding heating or cooling cost also can increase, therefore, in the greenhouse design, need to consider how to solve insulation and daylighting problem; So that make full use of the natural resources, reduce greenhouse operating cost.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is the defective that overcomes original technology, a kind of illumination abundance, high insulating effect, energy-saving and environmental protecting, energy saving greenhouse easy to use is provided.
The purpose of this utility model realizes with following technical scheme:
A kind of energy saving greenhouse, be provided with retaining wall, described retaining wall is formed wall frame along wall base place by the skeleton bar of many contour intervals, described wall frame is divided into southern body of wall, north wall body and side wall, described wall frame top is the daylighting top, the unsettled external sunshade top of setting up above the daylighting top, the external sunshade top is gone up and is covered the sunshade curtain, its Central-South body of wall and side wall cover plane skylight, north wall body covering and heat insulating plate, the north wall body flushes with the external sunshade top, the external sunshade top on southern body of wall top stretches out constitutes the external sunshade face.
Above-mentioned energy saving greenhouse, described skeleton masthead end is provided with contour column, the column top connects brace summer longitudinally, a plurality of brace summers are formed the external sunshade top, external sunshade is set up many sunshade curtains on the top in turn, and the sunshade curtain is vertical Collapsible structure, and an end is fixed, the other end connects support bar, and support bar one end is connected with motor transmission shaft by tooth bar.
Above-mentioned energy saving greenhouse, described skeleton masthead end is provided with gutter, and gutter is the section bar of cross section matrix, wherein, the gutter both sides connect arch bar, and bar waist place is horizontally disposed with pole, the arch bar top is connected, and cylinder lever connecting rod between the arch bar summit of a plurality of correspondences is provided with plane skylight between pull bar and the gutter.
Above-mentioned energy saving greenhouse, described side wall gutter upper end is provided with spacing steel wire, and wherein, ante-venna cloth hangs down to spacing steel wire place, both sides, and sunshade curtain side is provided with a plurality of slip iron hoops at interval, and the slip iron hoop is fixed on the spacing steel wire.
Above-mentioned energy saving greenhouse, described external sunshade face pushes up horizontal-extending to the south along external sunshade, and development length is L, and the L value is the product of the cotangent value of external sunshade heights of roofs H and local angle of incidence of sunlight α.
Above-mentioned energy saving greenhouse, described warming plate are color-steel composite board, and plane skylight is glass plate or sunlight board.
The utlity model has following beneficial effect:
1. set up the external sunshade face at the sunlight direct projection face of the south, greenhouse, under the situation of abundance at sunshine in summer, avoided sunlight direct projection greenhouse, can effectively lower the temperature.
2. the sunshade curtain hangs down into the gutter place in east, wall both sides, west side, and is fixed on by the slip iron hoop on the spacing steel wire of gutter upper end, can prevent that sagging curtain from being started by wind, can guarantee closing, closing of curtain again; East, top, whole greenhouse, west side seal, and stop strong cold air directly to brush roofing, reduce air velocity, have also just reduced thermal loss, and heat insulation effect is better.
3. the north wall body is a shady face, is difficult to by solar radiation, and temperature is low, rapid heat dissipation; The utility model flushes north wall height degree with the external sunshade top, adopt heat insulating ability color-steel composite board covering preferably, and heat-insulating property significantly improves.
The utility model adopts three daylightings and ridge shape multi-angle daylighting roof construction, and whole greenhouse lighting area is bigger, and daylighting is effective; Retaining wall adopts the light reinforcing bar hack lever of galvanizing structure, and is sturdy and durable, aesthetic in appearance, body of wall takes up an area of few, and the inner space, greenhouse is big, and devices such as various ventilations, fertilising, cooling can be installed, advantages of high practicability is arranged, can be widely used in the greenhouse on ground such as level land, mountain region, terraced fields.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 right view (part);
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 front view (part);
Fig. 4 is the local enlarged diagram of Fig. 3.
Number in the figure is expressed as follows: 1. skeleton bar; 2. southern body of wall; 3. north wall body; 4. side wall; 5. plane skylight; 6. warming plate; 7. sunshade curtain; 8. ridge; 9. gutter; 10. column; 11. brace summer; 12. motor transmission shaft; 13. spacing steel wire; 14. slip iron hoop; 15. arch bar; 16. pole; 17. pull bar; 18. support bar; 19. tooth bar; L. external sunshade face development length; H. external sunshade apex distance ground level; α. angle of incidence of sunlight.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of energy saving greenhouse, be provided with retaining wall on the ground, the real concrete condition of retaining wall can adopt brick or the cement casting form is made, retaining wall is formed wall frame along wall base place by the skeleton bar 1 of many contour intervals, wall frame is divided into the southern body of wall of sunlight direct projection face, the north wall body of the back and the side wall of east-west direction; The wall frame top is provided with the daylighting top, sets up the external sunshade top above the daylighting top, and the external sunshade top is gone up and covered the sunshade curtain.In the utility model, southern body of wall, side wall and daylighting top surface cover the good plane skylight of light transmission, and the north wall body is set to heat-insulating property material such as color-steel composite board preferably, and wherein, north wall height degree pushes up with external sunshade and flushes.In conjunction with Fig. 2~Fig. 4,, gutter 9 is set along North and South direction at skeleton masthead end, gutter is that the cross section is the section bar of matrix, and described gutter both sides connect arch bar 15, and bar waist place is horizontally disposed with pole 16, the arch bar top of adjacent gutter both sides is connected, cylinder lever connecting rod 17 between the arch bar summit of a plurality of correspondences forms ridge 8, between ridge and gutter plane skylight is set, because ridge is higher than gutter, therefore form convex surface multi-angle daylighting top, make top, greenhouse sensitive surface bigger, lighting efficiency improves; In the utility model, gutter both can be used as jockey, and the row's of can be used as rain rill is very practical again, and during use, gutter can adopt 1~3mm clod wash hot-dip galvanizing sheet steel, and sturdy and durable, anti-rainfall is bigger.At skeleton masthead end contour column 10 is set, the column top connects brace summer 11 longitudinally, a plurality of brace summers are formed the external sunshade top, go up along laterally setting up many sunshade curtains in turn on the external sunshade top, the sunshade curtain is vertical Collapsible structure, one end is fixed, and the other end connects support bar 18, and support bar one end is connected with motor transmission shaft 12 by tooth bar 19; Motor is fixed on the column of skeleton masthead end, and motor is provided with switch.In the use, rotate, drag the tooth bar pulling ante-venna open and close of arranging exhibits and close by the driven by motor motor transmission shaft.
Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, gutter upper end along the side wall outside is provided with spacing steel wire 13, wherein, the both sides of sunshade curtain hang down to spacing steel wire place, sunshade curtain side is provided with a plurality of slip iron hoops 14 at interval, the slip iron hoop slides to be serially connected on the spacing steel wire and also can slide along spacing steel wire, and curtain is overlapping because of unbalance stress when being blown up or drawing in the time of can effectively preventing the curtain closure.So, the sunshade curtain can seal east, top, whole greenhouse, west side, can effectively stop strong cold air directly to brush roofing, reduces air velocity, has also just reduced thermal loss, can strengthen the ability of greenhouse opposing sleety weather; In summer, the sun is exposed to the sun, and can be used as the usefulness of sunshade in summer; According to the weather cold and Warm Changes in Northern, only need the operating electrical machines switch just can realize the keying of curtain during use, simple and convenient.
As shown in Figure 2, when illumination is strong, for fear of the south, sunlight direct projection greenhouse face, be set to the external sunshade face on the external sunshade top on southern body of wall top to horizontal-extending L in the south, wherein the L value is the product of the cotangent value of external sunshade heights of roofs H and local angle of incidence of sunlight α.
Use the utility model, summer, outdoor temperature was too high, and closed curtain can stop 65% heat to enter the greenhouse, reaches the cooling purpose; Winter sunshine preferably the period open curtain, when outdoor illumination weakens, in time with the sunshade curtain with the sealing of external sunshade top, to strengthen the insulation in greenhouse, good energy-conserving effect.
The utility model is simple and reasonable, operability is higher; A plurality of lighting surfaces use the higher glass of light transmittance Or sunlight board, efficiency of light energy utilization height, the north wall body is designed to color-steel composite board simultaneously, and preferably heat-insulating property is arranged; With The material environmental protection, economical and practical, adaptability is better, can be widely used in the areas such as mountain region, Plain.

Claims (6)

1. energy saving greenhouse, comprise retaining wall and external sunshade top, described retaining wall is formed wall frame along wall base place by the skeleton bar (1) of many contour intervals, wall frame is divided into southern body of wall (2), north wall body (3) and side wall (4), described wall frame top is the daylighting top, the unsettled external sunshade top of setting up above the daylighting top, the external sunshade top is gone up and is covered sunshade curtain (7), it is characterized in that, described southern body of wall and side wall cover plane skylight (5), north wall body covering and heat insulating plate (6), wherein, the north wall body flushes with the external sunshade top, and the external sunshade top on southern body of wall top stretches out and constitutes the external sunshade face.
2. energy saving greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described skeleton masthead end is provided with contour column (10), the column top connects brace summer (11) longitudinally, and a plurality of brace summers are formed the external sunshade top, and external sunshade is set up many sunshade curtains on the top in turn, the sunshade curtain is vertical Collapsible structure, one end is fixed, and the other end connects support bar (18), and support bar one end is connected with motor transmission shaft (12) by tooth bar (19).
3. energy saving greenhouse according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described skeleton masthead end is provided with gutter (9), gutter is the section bar of cross section matrix, and wherein, the gutter both sides connect arch bar (15), bar waist place is horizontally disposed with pole (16), the arch bar top is connected, and cylinder lever connecting rod (17) is provided with plane skylight between pull bar and the gutter between the arch bar summit of a plurality of correspondences.
4. energy saving greenhouse according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described side wall gutter upper end is provided with spacing steel wire (13), wherein, sunshade curtain both sides hang down to spacing steel wire place, and sunshade curtain side is provided with a plurality of slip iron hoops (14) at interval, and the slip iron hoop is fixed on the spacing steel wire.
5. energy saving greenhouse according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described external sunshade face pushes up outside horizontal-extending along external sunshade, and development length is L, and the L value is the product of the cotangent value of external sunshade heights of roofs H and angle of incidence of sunlight α.
6. energy saving greenhouse according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described warming plate is a color-steel composite board, and plane skylight is glass plate or sunlight board.
CN2009201030028U 2009-06-01 2009-06-01 energy-saving greenhouse Expired - Lifetime CN201418305Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201030028U CN201418305Y (en) 2009-06-01 2009-06-01 energy-saving greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201030028U CN201418305Y (en) 2009-06-01 2009-06-01 energy-saving greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201418305Y true CN201418305Y (en) 2010-03-10

Family

ID=41804945

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009201030028U Expired - Lifetime CN201418305Y (en) 2009-06-01 2009-06-01 energy-saving greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201418305Y (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613028A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 黄文永 One-wall energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN103004467A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-03 嘉兴劳利辛现代农业科技有限公司 Mushroom planting method and mushroom planting shed
CN103477907A (en) * 2012-09-24 2014-01-01 芜湖欧标农业发展有限公司 Multi-span greenhouse
CN103947481A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-30 天津市常青蔬菜种植专业合作社 Greenhouse for vegetableplanting
CN105309233A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-10 锡山区先锋家庭农场 External use type solar protection device
CN107476483A (en) * 2015-10-16 2017-12-15 张琴 Intelligent curtain wall lighting roof with insulation, effect of heat insulation
CN108812039A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 南农新农村发展研究院句容有限公司 A kind of grape root-limiting cultivating method
CN110178593A (en) * 2018-02-22 2019-08-30 张铃宏 Case type greenhouse

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613028A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 黄文永 One-wall energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN103477907A (en) * 2012-09-24 2014-01-01 芜湖欧标农业发展有限公司 Multi-span greenhouse
CN103004467A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-03 嘉兴劳利辛现代农业科技有限公司 Mushroom planting method and mushroom planting shed
CN103947481A (en) * 2014-05-06 2014-07-30 天津市常青蔬菜种植专业合作社 Greenhouse for vegetableplanting
CN105309233A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-10 锡山区先锋家庭农场 External use type solar protection device
CN107476483A (en) * 2015-10-16 2017-12-15 张琴 Intelligent curtain wall lighting roof with insulation, effect of heat insulation
CN107587662A (en) * 2015-10-16 2018-01-16 张琴 With insulation, the intelligent curtain wall lighting roof of effect of heat insulation and its method of work
CN107587662B (en) * 2015-10-16 2019-04-23 深圳市博大建设集团有限公司 Working method with heat preservation, the intelligent curtain wall lighting roof of heat insulation
CN107476483B (en) * 2015-10-16 2019-05-10 深圳正玺绿色建筑科技工程有限公司 Working method with heat preservation, the intelligent curtain wall lighting roof of heat insulation
CN110178593A (en) * 2018-02-22 2019-08-30 张铃宏 Case type greenhouse
CN108812039A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 南农新农村发展研究院句容有限公司 A kind of grape root-limiting cultivating method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201418305Y (en) energy-saving greenhouse
US8578650B2 (en) Greenhouse
CN204090645U (en) A kind of zigzag connects a photovoltaic agricultural planting booth
CN100523399C (en) Pincer type arcuate ventilator
CN204031947U (en) A kind of novel double-layer roofing greenhouse by solar heat
CN1167321C (en) Sunlight greenhouse
CN206903023U (en) A kind of environment-friendly type artificial components for building roof
CN102138463B (en) Solar energy-saving greenhouse plant and manufacturing method
CN110185292A (en) A kind of energy-saving and environmental protection, the Trinitarian industrial premises venue of ecology and its key node design and building method
CN106962067A (en) A kind of company's Donges luminous energy greenhouse for Yangtze river basin whole year production
CN203361490U (en) Natural ventilation improved device applied to roof
CN203942874U (en) Three season temperature canopy
CN2722608Y (en) Connected greenhouses
CN202850378U (en) Down-slope electric high-lighting ventilation skylight
CN207260399U (en) A kind of multi-functional adjustable louvered roof system
CN202248576U (en) Light-collecting ventilation structure of arched corrugated steel cover roof
CN202059807U (en) Sunlight greenhouse with light-increasing and temperature-increasing functions
CN110393109A (en) Groove body attached-greenhouse structure with external thermal insulation performance
CN206024654U (en) Glasshouse big -arch shelter
CN202850298U (en) Reinforced high-transmittance natural ventilation monitor
CN202850297U (en) Reinforced natural ventilation monitor
CN106567490A (en) Steel beam structure roof
CN202850372U (en) High light-transmitting electric ventilating skylight
CN202017307U (en) Ventilation and lighting skylight structure
CN207260458U (en) A kind of novel ventilated dormer

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20100310

CX01 Expiry of patent term