CN201338000Y - Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly - Google Patents

Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201338000Y
CN201338000Y CNU200820205516XU CN200820205516U CN201338000Y CN 201338000 Y CN201338000 Y CN 201338000Y CN U200820205516X U CNU200820205516X U CN U200820205516XU CN 200820205516 U CN200820205516 U CN 200820205516U CN 201338000 Y CN201338000 Y CN 201338000Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
photovoltaic assembly
solar photovoltaic
rotating shaft
guide rail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU200820205516XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
庄大建
郑鸿生
林汉德
肖坚伟
张乐军
邱速希
洪晓东
沈忠灿
蔡岳涛
郑新玲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGDONG JINGANG GLASS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GUANGDONG JINGANG GLASS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGDONG JINGANG GLASS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical GUANGDONG JINGANG GLASS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CNU200820205516XU priority Critical patent/CN201338000Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201338000Y publication Critical patent/CN201338000Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a surface cleaning device of a solar energy photovoltaic assembly, which can finish high-frequency cleaning work. The surface cleaning device comprises a cleaning mechanism and a running mechanism. The cleaning mechanism comprises a hair brush roller; the hair brush roller is provided with a rotating shaft and brush hairs which are fixed on the rotating shaft; the middle part of the rotating shaft is communicated with a cavity of a water source, and a water outlet hole is arranged on the rotating shaft. The running mechanism comprises a guide rail which is fixed on the surface of the solar energy photovoltaic assembly; a bracket is arranged on the guide rail, the hair brush roller is loaded on the bracket, a walking wheel which is matched with the guide rail is arranged at the lower part of the bracket, and a motor is connected with the hair brush roller and the walking wheel by a speed reducing mechanism. The surface cleaning device can automatically carry out cleaning work at any time according to dust and dirt on the surface of the solar energy photovoltaic assembly, so as to ensure high light transmission rate on the surface of the assembly, thereby improving the power generating efficiency.

Description

A kind of solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cleaning device, specifically is the cleaning device on photovoltaic-building integrated solar photovoltaic module surface.
Background technology
Be installed in building roofing, inclined plane or as the solar photovoltaic assembly of curtain wall,, be easy to accumulation dust or other foreign material such as birds droppings owing to be installed in outdoorly, cause sunshine covered, generating efficiency reduces, and the local hot spot effect that takes place influences assembly serviceability and life-span.
Existing cleaning device is varied, be used for the disclosed a kind of high-rise building curtain cleaning of glass curtain wall cleaning device such as Chinese invention patent CN1287893, the disclosed a kind of high building glass curtain wall cleaning machine of CN1586384 system, the disclosed a kind of automatic walking glass curtain wall cleaning machine of China utility model patent CN2010298441, and the disclosed a kind of glass curtain wall automatic flushing device of CN201091552, these cleaning devices all need be built when cleaning temporarily, finish washing and cleaning operation by the manually-operated machine.The frequency that places outdoor solar photovoltaic assembly to clean is higher, and manually-operated machine is difficult to carry out the work at any time, and the human resources of consumption are excessive, therefore is not suitable for the cleaning of solar photovoltaic assembly.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of cleaning device of finishing high frequency cleaning, the dust dirt that this device can occur according to the solar photovoltaic assembly surface at any time carries out cleaning automatically, thereby guarantee the higher light transmittance of assembly surface, improve generating efficiency.
For achieving the above object, solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus of the present utility model comprises the wiper mechanism that is used for cleaning, and the travelling mechanism that makes wiper mechanism move and clean on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, described wiper mechanism comprises a brush roll, this brush roll has rotating shaft and is fixed in bristle in the rotating shaft, the cavity at rotating shaft intermediate connection water source, apopore is arranged in the rotating shaft, described travelling mechanism comprises the guide rail that is fixed on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, support is arranged on the guide rail, described brush roll is loaded on the support, and the road wheel that cooperates with guide rail is arranged at the support bottom, and the motor via reducer structure connects described brush roll and road wheel.
Above-mentioned rail end has limit switch, and this limit switch connects circuit for controlling motor.
Constitute each photovoltaic building sensor that the detection intensity of illumination is arranged on glass of solar photovoltaic assembly, each sensor connects circuit for controlling motor.
In the outside of solar photovoltaic assembly one detection light source is arranged, there is the sensor that detects intensity of illumination the solar photovoltaic assembly inboard of correspondence position, and this sensor connects circuit for controlling motor.
After the dust dirt that the utility model occurs on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface arrives certain thickness, no matter fine, rainy day or night, cleaning is carried out in the capital automatically, do not need manually-operated, satisfy the cleaning requirement of the high frequency of solar photovoltaic assembly, guarantee the generating efficiency of photovoltaic module, the utility model is particularly suitable for the area of sand and dust weather and uses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of mode cutaway view of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is that sensor plane is arranged the situation schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Cleaning device shown in Figure 1 comprises the guide rail 2 that is fixed on solar photovoltaic assembly 1 surface, on the guide rail 2 gear teeth are arranged, on the support 3 brush roll is arranged, this brush roll is made of rotating shaft 4 and the bristle 5 that is fixed in the rotating shaft 4, motor 6 connects the rotating shaft 4 of brush roll by reducing gear 7, have a gear 8 meshing with road wheel 9 in the rotating shaft 4, road wheel 9 is meshing with the gear teeth of guide rail 1.In the rotating shaft 4 apopore is arranged, rotating shaft 4 middle parts are hollow, and the end is communicated with the water source.After motor 6 starts, drive brush roll and rotate, apopore is connected the water source, and bristle 5 is scrubbed the surface of photovoltaic module 1, and the dust on photovoltaic module 1 surface has just obtained cleaning.
There is limit switch guide rail 2 ends, and this limit switch connects the control circuit of motor 6, when road wheel runs to the guide rail two ends, trigger limit switch, the control circuit control motor revolution of motor 6, and cleaning device returns walking.The number of times of cleaning device back and forth movement is set by control circuit.
As shown in Figure 2, generally being connected forms by some photovoltaic building glass 11 (being illustrated as 6) to be used for the solar photovoltaic assembly 1 of building members such as roof, curtain wall, the sensor 12 that detects the sunshine intensity of illumination is respectively arranged on each photovoltaic building glass 11, and each sensor 12 connects the control circuit of motor 6.The outside that is positioned at photovoltaic module also is useful on the detection light source that detects transparent glass surface light transmittance, and the sensor 13 of intensity of illumination is arranged in the photovoltaic module inboard of this detection light source correspondence position.
When the generation current of photovoltaic module greater than setting value, control circuit stops all cleanings.
When the generation current of photovoltaic module less than setting value, the sensor 12 detected intensities of illumination of each photovoltaic building glass 11 are also less than setting value, sensor 13 detected intensities of illumination are greater than when setting value, show that photovoltaic module is in sunlight deficiency or night status, control circuit does not start cleaning.
When the generation current of photovoltaic module less than setting value, when sensor 13 detected intensities of illumination are lower than setting value, show that the dust on the photovoltaic module has accumulated certain thickness, control circuit is connected motor power, the beginning cleaning, the number of times of cleaning device back and forth movement stops cleaning after reaching setting value.
When the generation current of photovoltaic module less than setting value, but the sensor 12 detected intensities of illumination of photovoltaic building glass 11 show that greater than setting value these photovoltaic glass 11 covered things hide, control circuit produces one and requires purge signal.After requiring purge signal to reach the quantity of setting, control circuit is just connected the power supply of motor 6, and hot spot effect has been eliminated in the beginning cleaning thus.

Claims (4)

1. solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus, comprise the wiper mechanism that is used for cleaning, and the travelling mechanism that makes wiper mechanism move and clean on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, it is characterized in that, described wiper mechanism comprises a brush roll, this brush roll has rotating shaft and is fixed in bristle in the rotating shaft, the cavity at rotating shaft intermediate connection water source, apopore is arranged in the rotating shaft, described travelling mechanism comprises the guide rail that is fixed on the solar photovoltaic assembly surface, and support is arranged on the guide rail, and described brush roll is loaded on the support, the road wheel that cooperates with guide rail is arranged at the support bottom, and the motor via reducer structure connects described brush roll and road wheel.
2. according to the described solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus of claim 1, it is characterized in that described rail end has limit switch, this limit switch connects circuit for controlling motor.
3. according to the described solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus of claim 1, it is characterized in that, each photovoltaic building of described formation solar photovoltaic assembly sensor that the detection intensity of illumination is arranged on glass, each sensor connects circuit for controlling motor.
4. according to the described solar photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning apparatus of claim 1, it is characterized in that, there is a detection light source in the described outside at solar photovoltaic assembly, and there is the sensor that detects intensity of illumination the solar photovoltaic assembly inboard of correspondence position, and this sensor connects circuit for controlling motor.
CNU200820205516XU 2008-12-12 2008-12-12 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly Expired - Fee Related CN201338000Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200820205516XU CN201338000Y (en) 2008-12-12 2008-12-12 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200820205516XU CN201338000Y (en) 2008-12-12 2008-12-12 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201338000Y true CN201338000Y (en) 2009-11-04

Family

ID=41233535

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU200820205516XU Expired - Fee Related CN201338000Y (en) 2008-12-12 2008-12-12 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201338000Y (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101941006A (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-01-12 薛恩达 Automatic cleaner for solar cell panel
CN102601067A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-25 张新安 Cleaning device for self-cleaning solar panel
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN102773224A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-11-14 杭州帷盛太阳能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic de-dusting equipment
CN102847698A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 华南理工大学 Dust removal device for photovoltaic cell arrays
CN102974557A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-20 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN103148616A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-12 江苏七政新能源有限公司 Roller wheel type solar water heater dust cleaning brush
CN103302065A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-18 北京安必信能源设备有限公司 Ultralong light electric roll brush for cleaning photovoltaic power station
CN104201980A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 齐鲁工业大学 Cleaning device and cleaning method for solar cell panel
CN104607419A (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-05-13 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Cleaning device for photovoltaic cell panel
CN104646340A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-05-27 武汉理工大学 Self-detecting cleaning device for photovoltaic array
CN104826825A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 白峻光 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module
EP2942116A1 (en) 2014-05-09 2015-11-11 Jader Pavanetto Washing apparatus for a surface
CN105032804A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-11 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Automatic cleaning device of photovoltaic module
CN105080920A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-11-25 敦煌国润太阳能野外实验站有限公司 Full-automatic solar array air pressure water/steam dual-purpose cleaning system
CN105170505A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-23 高德东 Roller type solar panel cleaning brush
CN105234110A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-13 山东大学 Gantry type centrifugal rotary wiping cleaning device for solar photovoltaic substrates
CN105344633A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-24 昆山洺九机电有限公司 Keyboard scrubbing device
CN105834187A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-10 北京中电博顺智能设备技术有限公司 Cleaning mechanism with water spraying function and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment provided with mechanism
WO2016180376A1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device
CN106253835A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 安徽凯达能源科技有限公司 Solar panel self-cleaning device
CN106716026A (en) * 2014-06-19 2017-05-24 阿卜杜拉国王科技大学 System and method for conveying assembly
CN107769719A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-06 兰州资源环境职业技术学院 A kind of building roof solar photovoltaic bracket with clearing apparatus
CN108514789A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-11 江苏灵氟隆环境工程有限公司 A kind of plasma fume purifier of fume convenient for cleaning
CN109167565A (en) * 2018-07-13 2019-01-08 真木农业设备(安徽)有限公司 Dust pelletizing system and its control method for photovoltaic and photothermal device

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101941006A (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-01-12 薛恩达 Automatic cleaner for solar cell panel
CN102601067A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-25 张新安 Cleaning device for self-cleaning solar panel
CN102601067B (en) * 2012-03-15 2013-10-23 张新安 Cleaning device for self-cleaning solar panel
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN102773224A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-11-14 杭州帷盛太阳能科技有限公司 Photovoltaic de-dusting equipment
CN102773224B (en) * 2012-05-31 2014-03-12 杭州帷盛科技有限公司 Photovoltaic de-dusting equipment
CN102847698A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 华南理工大学 Dust removal device for photovoltaic cell arrays
CN102847698B (en) * 2012-08-31 2015-03-11 华南理工大学 Dust removal device for photovoltaic cell arrays
CN102974557A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-20 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN102974557B (en) * 2012-11-14 2014-10-08 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN103148616A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-12 江苏七政新能源有限公司 Roller wheel type solar water heater dust cleaning brush
CN103302065A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-18 北京安必信能源设备有限公司 Ultralong light electric roll brush for cleaning photovoltaic power station
CN103302065B (en) * 2013-06-21 2016-06-01 北京安必信金属制品有限公司 The cleaning ultralong light electric roll brush in a kind of photovoltaic electric station
EP2942116A1 (en) 2014-05-09 2015-11-11 Jader Pavanetto Washing apparatus for a surface
CN105080920A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-11-25 敦煌国润太阳能野外实验站有限公司 Full-automatic solar array air pressure water/steam dual-purpose cleaning system
CN106716026B (en) * 2014-06-19 2019-07-26 阿卜杜拉国王科技大学 System and method for transfer assembly
CN106716026A (en) * 2014-06-19 2017-05-24 阿卜杜拉国王科技大学 System and method for conveying assembly
CN104201980A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 齐鲁工业大学 Cleaning device and cleaning method for solar cell panel
CN104607419A (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-05-13 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Cleaning device for photovoltaic cell panel
CN104646340A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-05-27 武汉理工大学 Self-detecting cleaning device for photovoltaic array
CN104826825A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-08-12 白峻光 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module
WO2016180376A1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 上海舜海船舶设备有限公司 Rail mechanism for photovoltaic cell panel sweeping device, trolley operation mechanism and sweeping device
CN105032804A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-11 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Automatic cleaning device of photovoltaic module
CN105170505A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-12-23 高德东 Roller type solar panel cleaning brush
CN105344633A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-24 昆山洺九机电有限公司 Keyboard scrubbing device
CN105234110A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-13 山东大学 Gantry type centrifugal rotary wiping cleaning device for solar photovoltaic substrates
CN105834187B (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-03-29 北京中电博顺智能设备技术有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment
CN105834187A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-10 北京中电博顺智能设备技术有限公司 Cleaning mechanism with water spraying function and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment provided with mechanism
CN106253835A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 安徽凯达能源科技有限公司 Solar panel self-cleaning device
CN107769719A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-06 兰州资源环境职业技术学院 A kind of building roof solar photovoltaic bracket with clearing apparatus
CN108514789A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-09-11 江苏灵氟隆环境工程有限公司 A kind of plasma fume purifier of fume convenient for cleaning
CN109167565A (en) * 2018-07-13 2019-01-08 真木农业设备(安徽)有限公司 Dust pelletizing system and its control method for photovoltaic and photothermal device
CN109167565B (en) * 2018-07-13 2020-07-28 真木农业设备(安徽)有限公司 Dust removal system for photovoltaic photo-thermal device and control method thereof

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091104

Termination date: 20171212