CN104826825A - Surface cleaning device for solar cell module - Google Patents

Surface cleaning device for solar cell module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104826825A
CN104826825A CN201510240383.4A CN201510240383A CN104826825A CN 104826825 A CN104826825 A CN 104826825A CN 201510240383 A CN201510240383 A CN 201510240383A CN 104826825 A CN104826825 A CN 104826825A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
brush
portal frame
rail
cleaning
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510240383.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白峻光
白岩松
白凇会
刘艳萍
Original Assignee
白峻光
白岩松
白凇会
刘艳萍
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 白峻光, 白岩松, 白凇会, 刘艳萍 filed Critical 白峻光
Priority to CN201510240383.4A priority Critical patent/CN104826825A/en
Publication of CN104826825A publication Critical patent/CN104826825A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members

Abstract

The invention discloses a surface cleaning device for a solar cell module. The surface cleaning device comprises a frame, a strut rail, racks, a gantry rail, a portal frame, a motor and a plurality of brush wheels, wherein the strut rail, the racks and the gantry rail are respectively fixedly connected to the frame; the feet ends of the portal frame are movably connected to the gantry rail through travelling wheels; supporting wheels are arranged on the lateral surface of the portal frame; the supporting wheels and the strut rail are in movable pressure welding; the supporting wheels and the travelling wheels are pulleys; the plurality of brush wheels are rotatably connected to a shaft hole of the portal frame through brush shafts; each brush shaft is fixedly connected to a brush gear; a shell of the motor is fixedly connected to the portal frame; an output shaft of the motor is fixedly connected to a motor gear; the motor gear and each brush gear are respectively engaged with the corresponding rack; teeth of each rack are arranged at the bottom surface of each rack; a reserve power supply is arranged on the frame; travel switches are arranged on the frame or the portal frame; the motor is provided with a control unit; signal output ends of the travel switches are communicated with a motor control unit signal through a signal line.

Description

Solar module surface cleaning apparatus
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of solar module surface cleaning apparatus, belong to solar panel field of accessories.
Background technology
The surfaces of cell of solar electrical energy generation is often covered with one deck dust, floating ash can cause solar module generating efficiency significantly to decline, in prior art, solar module surface cleaning apparatus adopts straight-plate-type dust removal brush to clear away the dust on solar module surface mostly, shortcoming is that cleaning mode belongs to and sweeps, during work along a direction firmly, there is no inertia, the resistance of motion is large, need to be equipped with powerful motor, relatively power consumption, the bristle of one side is not thorough by cleaning that motion mode is limit, especially when snowfall, straight-plate-type dust removal brush is to the weak effect of the cleaning of accumulated snow, have residual, separately there is a kind of method of solar cell module array being cleaned by large-scale cleaning vehicle, but need at the other reserved cleaning road that can hold sweeper and pass through of solar cell module array, reduce the utilization rate in soil, and the routine use of sweeper, care and maintenance all can produce cost, cause the operation cost of cleaning works high.
Summary of the invention
Object provided by the invention is to provide a kind of solar module surface cleaning apparatus, with this device to the dust on solar module surface and accumulated snow clean effective, operating cost is low.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: solar module surface cleaning apparatus, it is characterized in that: there is framework, support rail, tooth bar, gantry rail, portal frame, motor and several mao of wheel brush, its support rail, tooth bar and gantry rail are connected with framework respectively, the foot of portal frame is flexibly connected with gantry rail by road wheel, support wheel is equipped with in the side of portal frame, support wheel crimps with the activity of support rail, and described support wheel and road wheel are all pulleys; Several mao of wheel brush is rotationally connected by brush axle and portal frame axis hole, each brush axle is all fixed with brush gear, casing and the portal frame of motor are connected, the output shaft fixed connection of motor has motor gear, described motor gear and each brush gear engage with tooth bar respectively, and the teeth of described tooth bar are located at the bottom surface of tooth bar.
Described framework is equipped with stand-by power supply, and the power output end of stand-by power supply is electrically connected with the power input end of motor by electric wire.
Framework or portal frame are equipped with travel switch, and motor is provided with control unit, and the signal output part of travel switch is communicated to connect by holding wire and motor control unit signal.
Advantage of the present invention is: motor drives portal frame to run along gantry rail by driving the motor gear engaged with tooth bar, now, the brush gear engaged with tooth bar drives hair to take turns to brush and rotates, while brush of playing a minor role can thoroughly clean solar module surface, effective to the cleaning of dust and accumulated snow; Compare the cleaning mode of large-scale cleaning vehicle, the operating cost of this device is low; Because solar components all has certain inclination angle, support wheel is adopted to support gantry, with pulley as road wheel and support wheel, the road wheel derailing when back and forth cleaning accumulated snow can be prevented, plant running is stablized, the teeth of tooth bar is located at the bottom surface of tooth bar, can prevent tooth bar from depositing snow or foreign matter; Stand-by power supply can be powered for device, makes device have the ability of round-the-clock running, and travel switch can limit the reciprocating stroke that portal frame runs, and plant automation is run.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of solar module surface cleaning apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the profile along A-A direction in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the circuit module block diagram of stand-by power supply in the present invention, motor and travel switch.
In figure, 1 framework, 2 tooth bars, 3 solar modules, 4 gantry rail, 5 installing racks, 6 maos of wheel brushes, 7 brush gears, 8 support wheels, 9 support rail, 10 brush axles, 11 motors, 12 road wheels, the output shaft of 13 motors, 14 motor gears, 15 portal frames, 16 limiting plates, 17 travel switches, 18 stand-by power supplies.
Detailed description of the invention
Solar module surface cleaning apparatus, there is framework 1, support rail 9, tooth bar 2, gantry rail 4, portal frame 15, the hair wheel brush 6 of motor 11 and several cylinder shapes, framework is fixed on the installing rack 5 of solar module 3 by bolt assembly, its support rail, tooth bar and gantry rail are connected with framework respectively, support rail, be arranged in parallel between tooth bar and gantry rail, the foot of portal frame is flexibly connected with gantry rail by road wheel 12, two of portal frame foots are made to be positioned at the both sides of solar module, support wheel 8 is equipped with in the side of portal frame, support wheel crimps with the activity of support rail, described support wheel and road wheel are all pulleys, the rail level of gantry rail is the trapezoidal faces coordinated with pulley, trapezoidal faces can reduce the accumulation of accumulated snow and foreign matter, prevent from road wheel from running to be obstructed, also scraper plate can be set above gantry rail or support rail, scraper plate one end and portal frame are connected, the other end crimps with the activity of corresponding track rail level, deicing and foreign matter can be scraped, each road wheel is flexibly connected with the foot axis hole at corresponding gantry, and each road wheel crimps with the rail level activity of corresponding gantry rail, and in this enforcement, the both sides at gantry are respectively equipped with two foots, and namely gantry is supported by four road wheels, and gantry can be made stable, described support wheel is multiple, each support wheel is located at the side that portal frame is in lower position, support wheel is rotationally connected by wheel carrier and portal frame axis hole, and support wheel crimps with the activity of support rail, and support wheel and support rail suitably adjust according to the angle of inclination of solar module, several mao of wheel brush is rotationally connected by brush axle 10 and portal frame axis hole, the two ends of each brush axle coordinate with the installing hole on corresponding portal frame respectively, this installing hole is strip hole, be convenient to the height and the pressure that regulate hair wheel brush, each brush axle is all fixed with brush gear 7, casing and the portal frame of motor are connected, the output shaft 13 of motor is fixed with motor gear 14, described motor gear and each brush gear engage with tooth bar respectively, the teeth of described tooth bar are located at the bottom surface of tooth bar, the power input end of motor is electrically connected with electrical network by electric wire, when gear engages mobile on tooth bar, the brush axle rotation be connected can be driven, described hair is taken turns the hairbrush brushed and is divided into fur and bristle, fur cleaning dust, bristle removes accumulated snow, crimping with the surface activity of solar module respectively along side face of each hair wheel brush, in the present embodiment, hair is taken turns the hairbrush that brushes and is made up of longer fur and staggered the gathering of shorter bristle, be as the criterion with the surface of bristle just contact solar cell assembly during installation, longer fur is piled up in end, can better clean the dust on solar module surface,
In the present embodiment, described tooth bar is two, be placed in the both sides of framework respectively, each brush axle is all equipped with two brush gears, two brush gears are positioned at the two ends of brush axle, and two brush gears on each brush axle engage with corresponding tooth bar respectively, described motor is the motor that reduces starter of the binary shafts, two output shafts of reducing motor are fixed with motor gear respectively, and two motor gears engage with corresponding tooth bar respectively, plant running can be made more steady by said structure.
Apparatus of the present invention are also provided with auxiliary power supply and stopping means, stand-by power supply 18 and travel switch 17 described framework be equipped with, the power output end of stand-by power supply is electrically connected with the power input end of motor by electric wire, the signal output part of travel switch is connected with motor control unit signal by holding wire, and the contact of travel switch is relative with portal frame, stand-by power supply is when the power-off of electrical network maintenance maintenance, can normally run by assurance device, stand-by power supply preferentially selects quality and the good battery of performance or battery, when stand-by power supply is battery, the power input end of stand-by power supply is electrically connected with electrical network by electric wire, for electric power storage, cleaning device on each solar module presses periodic duty by master control line or chip controls, usually to run as required or in every morning and each automatic operation in afternoon once, when portal frame moves to gantry rail one end, the contact of travel switch and portal frame or contact block export a signal immediately to motor when touching, motor reversal operating band driven portal frame is back to the travel switch place of the other end, the trip switch exports a stop signal to motor, motor is only parked in herein, wait for the next cycle of operation, in the present embodiment, travel switch is two, respectively at the two ends of gantry rail, the contact of two travel switches is relative, it is the support body of portal frame between two contacts, thus two stops that restriction portal frame runs, also travel switch can be fixed on the two ends of portal frame, make travel switch contact relative with the support body of framework, object is all the scope of restriction portal frame movement, portal frame is also equipped with limiting plate 16, can stop that when stroke switch failure portal frame continues to run.
It is effective that this device installs simple, cheap, dedusting snow removing, can according to residing for solar module region day laying dust amount number the round brush wheel of applicable quantity is set and carries out connecting realizing Automatic Control with automated intelligent control system.

Claims (3)

1. solar module surface cleaning apparatus, it is characterized in that: there is framework, support rail, tooth bar, gantry rail, portal frame, motor and several mao of wheel brush, its support rail, tooth bar and gantry rail are connected with framework respectively, the foot of portal frame is flexibly connected with gantry rail by road wheel, support wheel is equipped with in the side of portal frame, support wheel crimps with the activity of support rail, and described support wheel and road wheel are all pulleys; Several mao of wheel brush is rotationally connected by brush axle and portal frame axis hole, each brush axle is all fixed with brush gear, casing and the portal frame of motor are connected, the output shaft fixed connection of motor has motor gear, described motor gear and each brush gear engage with tooth bar respectively, and the teeth of described tooth bar are located at the bottom surface of tooth bar.
2. solar module surface cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described framework is equipped with stand-by power supply, the power output end of stand-by power supply is electrically connected with the power input end of motor by electric wire.
3. solar module surface cleaning apparatus according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: framework or portal frame are equipped with travel switch, motor is provided with control unit, and the signal output part of travel switch is communicated to connect by holding wire and motor control unit signal.
CN201510240383.4A 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module CN104826825A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510240383.4A CN104826825A (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510240383.4A CN104826825A (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104826825A true CN104826825A (en) 2015-08-12

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510240383.4A CN104826825A (en) 2015-05-13 2015-05-13 Surface cleaning device for solar cell module

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105234110A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-13 山东大学 Gantry type centrifugal rotary wiping cleaning device for solar photovoltaic substrates
CN106076900A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-09 常州索拉克林智能科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic module detection and cleaning equipment
CN109178839A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-01-11 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Suspension type holder bottom belt clearing apparatus

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004079775A2 (en) * 2004-07-12 2004-09-16 Christian Meier Maintaining device for solar elements of a solar field
CN201338000Y (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-11-04 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly
CN201558822U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-08-25 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device
JP2011036833A (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 Asahi Mechanical:Kk Solar cell panel washing apparatus
CN102270698A (en) * 2011-07-18 2011-12-07 浙江索日光电科技有限公司 Texturing system for solar silicon wafer
CN104308135A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-28 安徽理工大学 Rail-wheel type semi-automatic bilateral casting machine
CN204710755U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-10-21 白峻光 Solar module surface cleaning apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004079775A2 (en) * 2004-07-12 2004-09-16 Christian Meier Maintaining device for solar elements of a solar field
CN201338000Y (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-11-04 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Surface cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic assembly
JP2011036833A (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 Asahi Mechanical:Kk Solar cell panel washing apparatus
CN201558822U (en) * 2009-11-19 2010-08-25 广东金刚玻璃科技股份有限公司 Automatic solar photovoltaic module cleaning device
CN102270698A (en) * 2011-07-18 2011-12-07 浙江索日光电科技有限公司 Texturing system for solar silicon wafer
CN104308135A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-28 安徽理工大学 Rail-wheel type semi-automatic bilateral casting machine
CN204710755U (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-10-21 白峻光 Solar module surface cleaning apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105234110A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-13 山东大学 Gantry type centrifugal rotary wiping cleaning device for solar photovoltaic substrates
CN106076900A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-11-09 常州索拉克林智能科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic module detection and cleaning equipment
CN106076900B (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-04-24 常州索拉克林智能科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic module detection and cleaning equipment
CN109178839A (en) * 2018-10-10 2019-01-11 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Suspension type holder bottom belt clearing apparatus

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Application publication date: 20150812