CN110586522A - Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module - Google Patents

Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110586522A
CN110586522A CN201910912638.5A CN201910912638A CN110586522A CN 110586522 A CN110586522 A CN 110586522A CN 201910912638 A CN201910912638 A CN 201910912638A CN 110586522 A CN110586522 A CN 110586522A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mounting plate
plate
cleaning
photovoltaic module
subassembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910912638.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王迎春
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jungshin Photoelectric Polytron Technologies Inc
Znshine Pv Tech Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jungshin Photoelectric Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jungshin Photoelectric Polytron Technologies Inc filed Critical Jungshin Photoelectric Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority to CN201910912638.5A priority Critical patent/CN110586522A/en
Publication of CN110586522A publication Critical patent/CN110586522A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, in particular to a photovoltaic module surface cleaning device. Photovoltaic module surface cleaning device, its characterized in that: the photovoltaic module cleaning device comprises two moving ends which are symmetrically arranged, a connecting plate is arranged between the two moving ends, moving components for driving the moving ends to move on a bearing component and a photovoltaic component are arranged on the moving ends, the photovoltaic module cleaning device also comprises a cleaning component, the cleaning component is fixedly arranged on the two moving ends, a cleaning hole for the cleaning component to pass through is formed in the connecting plate, the cleaning component passes through the cleaning hole to be in contact with the surface of the photovoltaic component, and a scraper plate is arranged on the lower surface of the connecting plate close to one side of the bearing component; the invention designs a photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning device moving along a frame of a photovoltaic assembly.

Description

Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, in particular to a surface cleaning device of a photovoltaic module.
Background
As a common way to utilize solar energy resources, a solar photovoltaic power generation system has been widely used in life and production. The efficiency of a photovoltaic power generation system is a core factor for measuring the performance of a photovoltaic power station, and a plurality of factors influencing the efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation system are provided, wherein dust shielding is one of very important factors, and dust attached to the surface of a photovoltaic component can shield light, influence the absorption of the photovoltaic component on sunlight and reduce the power generation efficiency.
A large number of production practices show that the accumulation of the pollutants on the surface of the photovoltaic module can obviously influence the luminous flux of the photovoltaic module, and then the electric energy output capacity of the photovoltaic module is reduced; in fact, the dirt attached to the surface of the photovoltaic module generally includes dirt with fine particle size and dirt with large size which can cause local shielding, wherein when the dirt on the surface of the photovoltaic module is attached by fine and uniform dust particles, the transmittance of light is affected, and thus the radiation quantity of the sun which can be received by the photovoltaic module is affected; and when the dirty thing on photovoltaic module surface is local shelter thing such as leaf, earth bird excrement, then can form the shadow on photovoltaic module surface, just so at photovoltaic module local formation hot spot effect, and then reduce photovoltaic module's generating efficiency.
In the prior art, a manual cleaning mode is usually adopted for ensuring the surface cleaning of the photovoltaic module, and on one hand, the damage or electric leakage of the photovoltaic module is easily caused, and then the normal operation of the whole photovoltaic power station is influenced; on the other hand, a large amount of manpower and material resources are wasted by manual cleaning, and meanwhile, cleaning of the photovoltaic module cannot be timely carried out, so that cleaning efficiency of the photovoltaic module is low.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention designs a photovoltaic assembly surface cleaning device which moves along a frame of a photovoltaic assembly.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
photovoltaic module surface cleaning device, its characterized in that: two removal ends that set up including the symmetry are equipped with the connecting plate between the removal end, remove to serve the removal subassembly that is equipped with the drive and removes the end and move on bearing subassembly and photovoltaic module, still include the clearance subassembly, the fixed setting of clearance subassembly is served at two removals, and is equipped with the clearance hole that supplies the clearance subassembly to pass on the connecting plate, the clearance subassembly passes clearance hole and photovoltaic module's surface contact, the lower surface that is located the connecting plate that is close to bearing subassembly one side is equipped with the scraper blade.
Furthermore, the cleaning assembly comprises a first mounting plate vertically connected to one moving end, a second mounting plate vertically connected to the other moving end, the second mounting plate comprises a second mounting plate parallel to the first mounting plate, a third mounting plate and a fourth mounting plate perpendicular to the second mounting plate, and a scraping brush bar, wherein a first connecting chuck and a second connecting chuck are respectively arranged at two ends of the scraping brush bar, the first connecting chuck is connected to the first mounting plate in a penetrating manner, a return spring is arranged between the first connecting chuck and the first mounting plate, the second connecting chuck is connected to the second mounting plate in a penetrating manner, a contact wheel is arranged at the other end of the second connecting chuck, a scraping brush motor for driving the scraping brush bar to reciprocate is arranged at the outer side of the third mounting plate, a scraping brush shaft is arranged between the third mounting plate and the fourth mounting plate, a scraping brush cam is arranged on the scraping brush shaft, and is matched with the contact wheel, the scraping brush motor is connected with the scraping brush shaft.
Furthermore, the moving assembly comprises a moving driving motor arranged on the lower surface of the moving end, a moving gear is arranged on the lower surface of the moving end, a moving rack matched with the moving gear is arranged on the bearing assembly and the photovoltaic assembly, and the driving motor drives the moving gear to be matched with the moving rack, so that the ash removal assembly can move on the bearing assembly and the photovoltaic assembly.
Further, the removal end be the removal splint of C type for the cross-section, remove splint and include punch holder and lower plate, be formed with a centre gripping space between punch holder and the lower plate, and punch holder and lower plate connect into a whole, the frame embedding of bearing subassembly and photovoltaic module is in the centre gripping space, the upper surface at punch holder is fixed to the clearance subassembly, the lower surface at the lower plate is fixed to the removal subassembly.
Furthermore, the lower clamping plate is provided with a mounting hole, the movable gear is mounted in the mounting hole, and the upper end surface of the movable gear is higher than the upper surface of the lower clamping plate.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the cleaning device provided by the invention can realize switching between different photovoltaic modules on one hand and automatic and mechanical dust removal without manual control on the other hand by moving the moving end on the bearing module and the photovoltaic modules, and further, the cleaning device provided by the invention can drive the scraping brush cam to rotate through the scraping brush motor, the scraping brush cam drives the scraping brush plate to reciprocate in the left and right directions, dust attached to the surface of the photovoltaic module is cleaned in the reciprocating motion process, then the scraping plate is driven to move by the movement of the dust removal module, the dust cleaned by the scraping brush strip is cleaned, and the surface cleanliness of the cleaned photovoltaic module is ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of a cleaning apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the cleaning apparatus;
in the figure, 40 is a moving end, 41 is a connecting plate, 42 is a moving component, 43 is a cleaning component, 44 is a scraper, 410 is a cleaning hole, 430 is a first mounting plate, 431 is a second mounting part, 4310 is a second mounting plate, 4311 is a third mounting plate, 4312 is a fourth mounting plate, 4313 is a scraping brush strip, 4314 is a first connecting chuck, 4315 is a second connecting chuck, 4316 is a return spring, 4317 is a contact wheel, 4318 is a scraping brush motor, 4319 is a scraping brush shaft, and 4320 is a scraping brush cam; a moving driving motor 420, a moving gear 421, a moving rack 422, an upper plate 401, a lower plate 402, a clamping space 403,
4020 is a mounting hole.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only a few embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the described embodiments of the invention without any inventive step, are within the scope of protection of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 2, the surface cleaning device for photovoltaic modules is characterized in that: the dust cleaning device comprises two moving ends 40 which are symmetrically arranged, a connecting plate 41 is arranged between the moving ends 40, a moving assembly 42 for driving the moving ends to move on a supporting assembly and a photovoltaic assembly is arranged on the moving end 40, the dust cleaning device also comprises a cleaning assembly 43, the cleaning assembly 43 is fixedly arranged on the two moving ends, a cleaning hole 410 for the cleaning assembly to pass through is arranged on the connecting plate 41, the cleaning assembly 43 passes through the cleaning hole to be in contact with the surface of the photovoltaic assembly, a scraper 44 is arranged on the lower surface of the connecting plate close to one side of the supporting assembly, the dust cleaning assembly is designed, the dust cleaning assembly is connected with the supporting assembly or the photovoltaic assembly through the two moving ends and drives the whole dust cleaning assembly to move, the movement is more stable due to the driving of the two ends, the problem that the dust cleaning assembly is stuck on the photovoltaic assembly and cannot move is not easy to occur, and the cleaning assembly is, the scraper blade is used for cleaning dust.
Further, the cleaning assembly 43 includes a first mounting plate 430 vertically connected to one moving end, a second mounting plate 431 vertically connected to the other moving end, the second mounting plate includes a second mounting plate 4310 parallel to the first mounting plate, a third mounting plate 4311 and a fourth mounting plate 4312 perpendicular to the second mounting plate, and a wiping strip 4313, both ends of the wiping strip are respectively provided with a first connection chuck 4314 and a second connection chuck 4315, the first connection chuck 4314 is connected to the first mounting plate 430 in a penetrating manner, a return spring 4316 is arranged between the first connection chuck and the first mounting plate, the second connection chuck is connected to the second mounting plate 4310 in a penetrating manner, the other end of the second connection chuck is provided with a contact wheel 4317, a wiping brush motor 4318 for driving the wiping strip to reciprocate is arranged outside the third mounting plate 4311, a wiping brush shaft 4319 is arranged between the third mounting plate and the fourth mounting plate, scrape and be equipped with on the brush axle and scrape brush cam 4320, scrape brush cam 4320 and contact wheel 4317 cooperation, scrape the brush motor and scrape the brush axle and be connected, the clearance group price through reciprocating motion situation deashing has been designed here, scrape brush motor drive and scrape brush cam and rotate, it drives and scrapes brush board reciprocating motion between first mounting panel and second mounting panel to scrape brush cam and rotate, the return spring that sets up is in the state of compression always, one of which directly provides a reverse thrust, make the contact wheel on the chuck is connected to the second can be all the time with scrape the laminating of brush cam, then make the reciprocating motion of being that the brush strip can be stable of scraping, the clearance effect of brush strip to photovoltaic module has been guaranteed.
Further, removal subassembly 42 including setting up at the removal driving motor 420 that removes the end lower surface, it is equipped with removal gear 421 to remove the end lower surface, be equipped with on bearing subassembly and the photovoltaic module with remove gear complex removal rack 422, driving motor drive removes gear 421 and removes rack 422 cooperation, realize the removal of deashing subassembly on bearing subassembly and photovoltaic module, it is used for realizing the removal of deashing subassembly on bearing subassembly and photovoltaic module to remove the subassembly, realize the transfer of deashing subassembly on different photovoltaic modules on the one hand, on the other hand, make the deashing subassembly can clear up whole photovoltaic panel completely, dead angle that the clearance can not reach can not exist.
Furthermore, the movable end 40 is a movable clamping plate with a C-shaped cross section, the movable clamping plate comprises an upper clamping plate 401 and a lower clamping plate 402, a clamping space 403 is formed between the upper clamping plate and the lower clamping plate, the upper clamping plate and the lower clamping plate are connected into a whole, the upper clamping plate and the lower clamping plate can be integrally formed or connected together through a fastener, the frame of the bearing component 3 and the frame of the photovoltaic component 1 are embedded into the clamping space, and the movable end is wrapped and clamped at two ends of the bearing component and the photovoltaic component, so that the clamping and fixing are reliable, and the problem of falling off is not easy to occur; the cleaning assembly is fixed on the upper surface of the upper clamping plate, and the moving assembly is fixed on the lower surface of the lower clamping plate.
Further, the lower clamping plate 402 is provided with a mounting hole 4020, the movable gear 421 is mounted in the mounting hole, the upper end surface of the movable gear is higher than the upper surface of the lower clamping plate, and the movable gear is mounted in the mounting hole, so that the structure of the movable assembly is simplified, the number of parts is reduced, and the processing cost is reduced.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the cleaning device provided by the invention can realize switching between different photovoltaic modules on one hand and automatic and mechanical dust removal without manual control on the other hand by moving the moving end on the bearing module and the photovoltaic modules, and further, the cleaning device provided by the invention can drive the scraping brush cam to rotate through the scraping brush motor, the scraping brush cam drives the scraping brush plate to reciprocate in the left and right directions, dust attached to the surface of the photovoltaic module is cleaned in the reciprocating motion process, then the scraping plate is driven to move by the movement of the dust removal module, the dust cleaned by the scraping brush strip is cleaned, and the surface cleanliness of the cleaned photovoltaic module is ensured.

Claims (5)

1. Photovoltaic module's surface cleaning device, its characterized in that: two removal ends that set up including the symmetry are equipped with the connecting plate between the removal end, remove to serve the removal subassembly that is equipped with the drive and removes the end and move on bearing subassembly and photovoltaic module, still include the clearance subassembly, the fixed setting of clearance subassembly is served at two removals, and is equipped with the clearance hole that supplies the clearance subassembly to pass on the connecting plate, the clearance subassembly passes clearance hole and photovoltaic module's surface contact, the lower surface that is located the connecting plate that is close to bearing subassembly one side is equipped with the scraper blade.
2. The surface cleaning apparatus for a photovoltaic module according to claim 1, wherein: the cleaning assembly comprises a first mounting plate vertically connected to one moving end, a second mounting plate vertically connected to the other moving end, the second mounting plate comprises a second mounting plate parallel to the first mounting plate, a third mounting plate and a fourth mounting plate perpendicular to the second mounting plate, and a scraping brush bar, a first connecting chuck and a second connecting chuck are respectively arranged at two ends of the scraping brush bar, the first connecting chuck is connected to the first mounting plate in a penetrating manner, a return spring is arranged between the first connecting chuck and the first mounting plate, the second connecting chuck is connected to the second mounting plate in a penetrating manner, a contact wheel is arranged at the other end of the second connecting chuck, a scraping brush motor for driving the scraping brush bar to reciprocate is arranged at the outer side of the third mounting plate, a scraping brush shaft is arranged between the third mounting plate and the fourth mounting plate, a scraping brush cam is arranged on the scraping brush shaft, and is matched with the contact wheel, the scraping brush motor is connected with the scraping brush shaft.
3. The surface cleaning apparatus for a photovoltaic module according to claim 1, wherein: the movable assembly comprises a movable driving motor arranged on the lower surface of the movable end, a movable gear is arranged on the lower surface of the movable end, a movable rack matched with the movable gear is arranged on the bearing assembly and the photovoltaic assembly, and the movable gear is driven by the driving motor to be matched with the movable rack, so that the ash removal assembly can move on the bearing assembly and the photovoltaic assembly.
4. The surface cleaning apparatus for a photovoltaic module according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein: the removal end be the removal splint of C type for the cross-section, remove splint and include punch holder and lower plate, be formed with a centre gripping space between punch holder and the lower plate, and the punch holder connects into a whole with the lower plate, the frame embedding of bearing subassembly and photovoltaic module is in the centre gripping space, the upper surface at the punch holder is fixed to the clearance subassembly, the lower surface at the lower plate is fixed to the removal subassembly.
5. The surface cleaning apparatus for a photovoltaic module according to claim 4, wherein: the lower clamping plate is provided with a mounting hole, the movable gear is mounted in the mounting hole, and the upper end face of the movable gear is higher than the upper surface of the lower clamping plate.
CN201910912638.5A 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module Pending CN110586522A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910912638.5A CN110586522A (en) 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910912638.5A CN110586522A (en) 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110586522A true CN110586522A (en) 2019-12-20

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ID=68863609

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910912638.5A Pending CN110586522A (en) 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Surface cleaning device for photovoltaic module

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110586522A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111085485A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-01 黄格 Surface treatment system of panel
CN111438096A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-24 祝振英 Cleaning treatment method for polyester plastic membrane sheet
CN112517458A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-03-19 安徽文香信息技术有限公司 LED information board for smart campus based on cleaning mechanism and cleaning method thereof

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110560396A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-13 正信光电科技股份有限公司 Photovoltaic module surface cleaning system

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110560396A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-13 正信光电科技股份有限公司 Photovoltaic module surface cleaning system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111085485A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-01 黄格 Surface treatment system of panel
CN111438096A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-24 祝振英 Cleaning treatment method for polyester plastic membrane sheet
CN111438096B (en) * 2020-04-13 2021-08-27 深圳市蓝云新型材料有限公司 Cleaning treatment method for polyester plastic membrane sheet
CN112517458A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-03-19 安徽文香信息技术有限公司 LED information board for smart campus based on cleaning mechanism and cleaning method thereof

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