CN104722510B - Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel - Google Patents

Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104722510B
CN104722510B CN201510129627.1A CN201510129627A CN104722510B CN 104722510 B CN104722510 B CN 104722510B CN 201510129627 A CN201510129627 A CN 201510129627A CN 104722510 B CN104722510 B CN 104722510B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
solar panel
round brush
intelligent dust
rod
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510129627.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104722510A (en
Inventor
张军斌
王敏
蔡坚勇
陈岩峰
徐朝贤
童飞扬
陈鑫滢
潘攀望
Original Assignee
福建师范大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 福建师范大学 filed Critical 福建师范大学
Priority to CN201510129627.1A priority Critical patent/CN104722510B/en
Publication of CN104722510A publication Critical patent/CN104722510A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104722510B publication Critical patent/CN104722510B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning

Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent dust removal device for a solar cell panel. The intelligent dust removal device comprises conveying mechanisms which are transversely arranged on the two sides of the solar cell panel respectively and conduct synchronous conveying, the two conveying mechanisms are connected through a longitudinal connecting rod, the two ends of the connecting rod are fixed on the two conveying mechanisms through two fixing frames respectively and transversely move along the conveying mechanisms, a fur brush and a roller brush are arranged on the two sides of the connecting rod side by side respectively, an unthreaded shaft is sleeved with the roller brush, the roller brush is connected with the unthreaded shaft in a rotating mode, the two ends of the unthreaded shaft are fixed on the fixing frames respectively, the roller brush is further sleeved with a gear, the gear is connected with the roller brush in a fastened mode, and a rack meshed with the gear is arranged on one conveying mechanism in the length direction. The intelligent dust removal device for the solar cell panel further comprises a master control circuit used for intelligently controlling work of the fur brush and the roller brush, and the master control circuit comprises a driving module and a trigger module. The intelligent dust removal device can effectively remove dust on the surface of the solar cell panel and improve the light utilization efficiency of the solar cell panel.

Description

A kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector
Technical field
The present invention is applied to field of photovoltaic power generation, more particularly to a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector.
Background technology
In the current of energy scarcity, used as a kind of emerging regenerative resource, aboundresources is environment friendly and pollution-free for solar energy, Solar electrical energy generation receives greatly attention.But at present photovoltaic cell conversion efficiency is low, except battery itself technology and from So outside the factor such as environment, for maintenance and operation and the one side that can not be ignored of photovoltaic module.It is adapted to build photovoltaic Electricity central and west regions precipitation is less, drought, situations such as meet sandstorm, sleet hail, be chronically exposed in air Solaode plate surface easily accumulate dust and particulate matter, that is, there are dust effects.Affect the daylighting of solar panel Efficiency, reduces light utilization efficiency, reduces the utilization ratio of solar energy, and cell panel energy conversion efficiency declines, and causes solar energy Accumulator greatly shortens the life-span because keeping enough electricity, also easily because " tropical island effect " causes battery local pyrexia Damage, cause the user huge economic losses.
Therefore, what dedusting was a need for is carried out to solaode plate surface.And photovoltaic plant huge at present, roof light Volt cell panel, the photovoltaic facility such as solar street light, by manually going to complete to cause the cleaning of battery plate surface cost of labor high, And solar panel is generally positioned at eminence, therefore it is big to clean difficulty.Design is a kind of with Based Intelligent Control, automated cleaning Cleaner unit, has good market application foreground.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is for above weak point, there is provided a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector, is adopted With dust or debris on dual clean mode automated cleaning solar panel.
The present invention solves the scheme that adopted of technical problem:A kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector, including one The connecting gear of solar panel both sides and Synchronous Transmission, the connecting rod of two connecting gear Jing, mono- longitudinal directions are horizontally set at respectively Connection, mono- fixed mounts of Jing are fixed on two connecting gears and laterally move along the connecting gear respectively at the two ends of the connecting rod Dynamic, the both sides of the connecting rod are respectively arranged with a hairbrush side by side and round brush, the round brush be sheathed on an optical axis and with institute State optical axis and rotate connection, the optical axis two ends are individually fixed on the fixed mount, and a gear is also arranged with the outside of the round brush, The gear is fastenedly connected with the round brush, wherein drive mechanism described in is provided with one being along its length meshed with the gear Tooth bar;One is used for the main control circuit that Based Intelligent Control hairbrush and round brush work, and the main control circuit includes a drive module With a trigger module.
Further, two ends difference mono- bearings of Jing of the round brush are rotated with the optical axis and are connected.
Further, the connecting gear includes a upper side plate being vertically connected with and base plate, the solar panel Both sides are embedded between the upper side plate and base plate respectively, and the base plate is provided with a horizontal screw mandrel, the two ends of the screw mandrel Mono- bearing blocks of Jing are fixed on the two ends of base plate respectively, and wherein one end passes through the main shaft of mono- shaft couplings of bearing block Jing and a motor It is connected, the motor is connected with the drive module, is arranged with a slip being engaged with the screw mandrel on the screw mandrel respectively Nut, fixed mount described in Jing is fixed on two sliding nuts respectively at the two ends of the connecting rod, wherein connecting gear described in It is provided with tooth bar on upper side plate along its length.
Further, it is respectively equipped with first cover plate for being used for waterproof above the screw mandrel along its length.
Further, be provided with above the connecting rod along its length one for it is sun-proof, prevent rainwater drench hairbrush and Second cover plate of round brush.
Further, also include the weather shield arranged in herringbone once two flat boards, the weather shield is horizontally placed on solar energy Cell panel and wherein between a connecting gear.
Further, also including one be used for controlled in wireless cleaner unit remote control, the remote control include a control circuit, Several buttons being connected with the control circuit and a display screen, the control circuit are electrically connected with the trigger module.
Compared with prior art, a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector that the present invention is provided, by the master control Circuit processed can timing automatic control or according to environmental change real-time control be located at the connecting rod left and right sides round brush and hairbrush it is reciprocal Motion, is cleaned to solar panel.By the cooperation of the round brush and rack-and-pinion, the round brush clears up solar-electricity The leaveves and bulky grain dust of pond plate surface, hairbrush clear up the spot of surface solidification, realize that round brush and the dual clean of hairbrush are removed Dirt, makes battery plate surface reach very high cleannes.The intelligent cleaner unit that the present invention is provided can effectively solve the problem that " dust effects " Photovoltaic generation adverse effect is given, the light utilization ratio of solar panel is effectively improved, cell panel cost is reduced, Increase the service life, while solving the problems, such as that solar panel is difficult to keep cleaning installed in outdoor eminence for a long time.
Description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings patent of the present invention is further illustrated.
Structural representations of the Fig. 1 for the embodiment of the present invention;
Side views of the Fig. 2 for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Round brush and gear and the structural representation of tooth bar cooperation of the Fig. 3 for the embodiment of the present invention;
In figure:1- solar panels;2- supports;3- connecting gears;4- screw mandrels;5- sliding nuts;6- connecting rods;7- is solid Determine frame;8- round brush;9- hairbrush;10- optical axises;11- gears;12- tooth bars;13- bearings;14- bearing blocks;15- shaft couplings;16- is electric Machine;The upper side plates of 17-;18- base plates;The first cover plates of 19-;The second cover plates of 20-;21- weather shields.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector, including one be horizontally set at solar energy respectively 1 both sides of cell panel and the connecting gear 3 of Synchronous Transmission, the connecting rod 6 of two connecting gears, 3 Jing, mono- longitudinal directions connect, the connecting rod 6 Mono- fixed mounts 7 of Jing are fixed on two connecting gears 3 and along 3 transverse shifting of the connecting gear, the connecting rod 6 respectively at two ends Both sides be respectively arranged with a hairbrush 9 side by side and round brush 8, the round brush 8 be sheathed on an optical axis 10 and with the optical axis 10 Connection is rotated, 10 two ends of the optical axis are individually fixed on the fixed mount 7, and a gear 11 is also arranged with the outside of the round brush 8, The gear 11 is fastenedly connected with the round brush 8, wherein drive mechanism 3 described in is provided with one along its length with the gear 11 The tooth bar 12 being meshed;One is used for the main control circuit that Based Intelligent Control hairbrush 9 and round brush 8 work, and the main control circuit includes One drive module and a trigger module.
In the present embodiment, two ends difference mono- bearings 13 of Jing of the round brush 8 are rotated with the optical axis 10 and are connected.
In the present embodiment, the connecting gear includes a upper side plate 17 being vertically connected with and base plate 18, the solar energy The both sides of cell panel 1 are embedded between the upper side plate 17 and base plate 18 respectively, and the base plate 18 is provided with a horizontal screw mandrel 4, mono- bearing blocks 14 of Jing are fixed on the two ends of base plate 18 respectively for the two ends of the screw mandrel 4, and wherein one end passes through the bearing block 14 Mono- shaft couplings 15 of Jing are connected with the main shaft of a motor 16, and the motor 16 is connected with the drive module, on the screw mandrel 4 respectively A sliding nut 5 being engaged with the screw mandrel 4 is arranged with, fixed mount 7 is fixed on described in Jing respectively at the two ends of the connecting rod 6 On two sliding nuts 5, wherein being provided with tooth bar 12 along its length on the upper side plate 17 of connecting gear 3 described in.
In the present embodiment, it is respectively equipped with first cover plate 19 for being used for waterproof above the screw mandrel 4 along its length. First cover plate 19 is light-transmitting materials, does not interfere with the light irradiation on 1 surface of solar panel.
In the present embodiment, be provided with above the connecting rod 6 along its length one for it is sun-proof, prevent rainwater from drenching hair Second cover plate 20 of brush and round brush, prevents round brush 8 and hairbrush 9 from exposing to the sun and rain, accelerated ageing.
In the present embodiment, also include the weather shield 21 arranged in herringbone once two flat boards, the weather shield 21 is horizontal In solar panel 1 and wherein between a connecting gear 3.The weather shield 21 is located on the downside of solar panel 1 and is located at Between the connecting gear 3 of downside.The herringbone weather shield 21 is light-transmitting materials, does not interfere with 1 surface of solar panel Light irradiates.
In the present embodiment, also including a remote control for being used for controlled in wireless cleaner unit, the remote control includes a control Circuit, several buttons being connected with the control circuit and a display screen, the control circuit are electrically connected with the trigger module Connect.The action of wireless real-time control hairbrush and round brush is realized by remote control, the cleaning to solar panel is reached.
The specific embodiment of the present invention:
First solar panel is inclined and is fixed on support, two connecting gears 3 are separately mounted to into solar energy then Cell panel both sides about 1, two connecting gears 3 are parallel with 1 upper and lower sides of solar panel;6 two ends of connecting rod are separately mounted to On the sliding nut 5 of screw mandrel 4, fixed by the fixed mount 7, while installing round brush 8 and hairbrush 9, the round brush 8 and hairbrush 9 It is vertically arranged relative to connecting gear 3.Automatically control positioned at connection by main control circuit timing or according to environmental change The round brush 8 and hairbrush 9 of 6 left and right sides of bar is moved back and forth, and solar panel 1 is cleaned, by the round brush 8 and gear The cooperation of 11 tooth bars 12, the leaveves and bulky grain dust on 1 surface of the cleaning solar panel of the round brush 8, the cleaning of hairbrush 9 surface The spot of solidification, realizes the dual clean dedusting of round brush 8 and hairbrush 9, makes battery plate surface reach very high cleannes;
In sum, a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector that the present invention is provided, can realize dual clean, determine The functions such as Shi Qingjie, sleety weather automated cleaning, the monitoring of surface dirt amount, wireless remote control.
The object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention have been carried out further by the above-listed preferred embodiment that the present invention is provided Describe in detail, it is be should be understood that to the foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to limit the present invention, All any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, made etc., should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector, it is characterised in that:Including being horizontally set at solar panel respectively Both sides and the connecting gear of Synchronous Transmission, the connecting rod connection of two connecting gear Jing, mono- longitudinal directions, the two ends difference of the connecting rod Mono- fixed mounts of Jing are fixed on two connecting gears and along the connecting gear transverse shifting, and the both sides of the connecting rod are respectively provided with There are hairbrush side by side and round brush, the round brush is sheathed on an optical axis and is rotated with the optical axis and is connected, the optical axis two ends point It is not fixed on the fixed mount, on the outside of the round brush, is also arranged with a gear, the gear is fastenedly connected with the round brush, its In drive mechanism described in be provided with a tooth bar being meshed with the gear along its length;One is used for Based Intelligent Control hairbrush and rolling The main control circuit that dataller makees, the main control circuit include a drive module and a trigger module;The connecting gear includes The upper side plate being vertically connected with and base plate, the both sides of the solar panel are embedded between the upper side plate and base plate respectively, The base plate is provided with a horizontal screw mandrel, and mono- bearing blocks of Jing are fixed on the two ends of base plate, screw mandrel respectively for the two ends of the screw mandrel Wherein one end be connected through mono- shaft couplings of bearing block Jing with the main shaft of a motor, the motor and the drive module phase Even, a sliding nut being engaged with the screw mandrel, the two ends difference Jing institutes of the connecting rod are arranged with the screw mandrel respectively State fixed mount to be fixed on two sliding nuts, wherein being provided with tooth bar on the upper side plate of connecting gear described in along its length.
2. a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The two of the round brush Mono- bearings of Jing are connected with optical axis rotation respectively at end.
3. a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Above the screw mandrel First cover plate for being used for waterproof is respectively equipped with along its length.
4. a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the connecting rod Side is provided with one along its length for the second cover plate that is sun-proof, preventing rainwater from drenching hairbrush and round brush.
5. a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include once two The weather shield that flat board is arranged in herringbone, the weather shield are horizontally placed on solar panel and wherein between a connecting gear.
6. a kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also it is used for including one The remote control of controlled in wireless cleaner unit, the remote control include a control circuit, be connected with the control circuit several by Key and a display screen, the control circuit are electrically connected with the trigger module.
CN201510129627.1A 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel CN104722510B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510129627.1A CN104722510B (en) 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510129627.1A CN104722510B (en) 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel

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CN104722510A CN104722510A (en) 2015-06-24
CN104722510B true CN104722510B (en) 2017-04-12

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105032804B (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-07-25 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 A kind of automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module
CN105149258A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-16 富韦淇 Self-cleaning device of intelligent photovoltaic sweeper
CN106000950B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-08-28 中冶华天南京电气工程技术有限公司 Photovoltaic panel automatic flushing device
CN107243465A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-10-13 北京化工大学 A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device
CN107910463B (en) * 2017-10-11 2020-07-28 浙江畅通科技有限公司 Accumulator shell with dust removing structure
CN107952670A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-24 郑州丽福爱生物技术有限公司 A kind of safe and efficient device for vibration screening of cereal
CN108057658A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-22 无锡艾科瑞思产品设计与研究有限公司 A kind of drum-type cleaning equipment for automobile cushion
CN108097591A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-06-01 郑州丽福爱生物技术有限公司 A kind of safe and efficient jet screening plant of cereal
CN109622435A (en) * 2018-12-16 2019-04-16 彭伶铭 A kind of solar panel electric power network dust-extraction unit
CN111085473A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-01 张振化 Battery panel cleaning device of photovoltaic street lamp

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4808803B2 (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-11-02 株式会社旭メカニカル Solar panel cleaning equipment
CN202142537U (en) * 2011-08-13 2012-02-08 吴忠举 Device for automatically tracking and cleaning solar cell panel
CN202398557U (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-08-29 德州学院 Automatic cleaner for surface of solar panel
CN103495575A (en) * 2013-09-18 2014-01-08 丛伟国 Solar cell panel cleaning system
CN203711414U (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-07-16 上海宝钢节能环保技术有限公司 Solar photovoltaic module cleaning device
CN204620487U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-09-09 福建师范大学 A kind of solar panel intelligent dust collector

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