CN107243465A - A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device - Google Patents

A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107243465A
CN107243465A CN201710542079.4A CN201710542079A CN107243465A CN 107243465 A CN107243465 A CN 107243465A CN 201710542079 A CN201710542079 A CN 201710542079A CN 107243465 A CN107243465 A CN 107243465A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
clearing
cleaning
stepper motor
screw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710542079.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘勇
李凯丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Original Assignee
Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing University of Chemical Technology filed Critical Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Priority to CN201710542079.4A priority Critical patent/CN107243465A/en
Publication of CN107243465A publication Critical patent/CN107243465A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device.It includes transmission mechanism, cleaning agency and control system.Solar panel is wherein fixed on support;Support two ends are bolted with transmission mechanism;Feed screw nut in transmission mechanism is connected by screw with cleaning agency.Transmission mechanism includes geared stepper motor, shaft coupling, ball-screw and corresponding bearing.Cleaning agency is made up of cleaning stepper motor, shaft coupling, cleaning brush.Control system realizes the accurate control to Snow Thickness, enables the autotelic operating of motor interval, saves electric energy.A kind of solar battery panel automatic snow removing device proposed by the present invention, can not only sweep away snow, and can remove the dirt of solar cell surface to a certain extent, improve finish, and then improve the operating efficiency of solar cell.

Description

A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device, belong to mechanical design field.
Background technology
Solar energy has obtained increasing attention as a kind of clean regenerative resource.However, in solar panel During use, we can run into many practical problems.This secondary design is to be directed to snowy day in winter household solar energy cell panel Using it is limited the problem of, northern China most area one to winter will snow heavily, and accumulated snow just covers solar panel, Sunlight is blocked, so as to cause solar cell power generation efficiency to decline or even can not generate electricity, it is therefore desirable to clear up cell panel in time On accumulated snow.But it is due to that solar panel device is typically mounted on roof or the high place of comparison, the manual cleaning sun Accumulated snow on energy plate is inconvenient.Therefore, a set of automatic cleaning device of design invention has very real meaning.Pin of the present invention To northern China winter solar panel by heavy snow cover and can not normal work this realistic problem, design it is a set of realize from Dynamic control is swept away snow the mechanical device of action.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device, it can not only sweep away snow, and can The dirt of solar cell surface is removed to a certain extent, and improves finish, and then improves the work effect of solar cell Rate and transformation efficiency.
The present invention proposes a kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device, and the device includes solar panel, transmission Mechanism, four parts of cleaning agency and support.Wherein solar panel is fixed on support;Support two ends and transmission mechanism It is bolted;Ball-screw nut in transmission mechanism is connected by screw with cleaning agency.Transmission mechanism includes transmission Stepper motor, cleaning stepper motor, shaft coupling, ball-screw and corresponding bearing.Cleaning agency is by cleaning stepper motor, connection Axle device and clearing apparatus composition.Wherein clearing apparatus includes the plastics snow cave shovel at clearing apparatus protective cover two ends and is cleaning stepping electricity The roller brush of rotation under machine;Clearing apparatus slidably reciprocates on guide rail.
Moment of torsion is transmitted to right ball-screw by geared stepper motor by shaft coupling, at the same time, by conveyer belt moment of torsion The ballscrew that rolls left is delivered to, the ball-screw for thus maintaining clearing apparatus two ends is synchronism stability operation.
Ball-screw connecting working table so control cleaning agency moved on solar panel.In the process, clearly Sweep stepper motor drives roller brush to carry out rotation also by shaft coupling, and two motions are superimposed upon on cleaning agency, improve and remove Avenge efficiency.
Precision prescribed is higher when cleaning agency is installed, in order to avoid scratch solar panel during snow removing and destroy generating knot Structure, therefore its feed screw nut seat and clearing apparatus base use micro-adjusting mechanism.Micro-adjusting mechanism is made up of spring and precision bolt, essence Close bolt is used to be coupled in the middle part of feed screw nut seat and clearing apparatus base, the precision bolt between two base plates bullet on set Spring, can thus judge the height that should be adjusted, rotating nut just can fine adjustment clearing apparatus according to the deflection of roller brush The height of support.A certain amount of shock loading can also be absorbed after adding spring in addition.
According to weather condition, energy automatic detection accumulated snow situation is designed, and the control system of automatic start-stop can be realized.When too When on positive energy cell panel without accumulated snow, transmission mechanism and cleaning agency are not run, and clearing apparatus rests on solar panel Upper end, will not thus block sunshine and influence to generate electricity.It is designed as needed, clearing apparatus can also rest on solar energy The lower end of cell panel.
When there is accumulated snow on solar panel, the signal of Snow Thickness is detected by sensor feedback, when more than setting in advance Fixed value, then it is assumed that accumulated snow has blocked solar panel, it is necessary to carry out cleaning accumulated snow.
Geared stepper motor, travel switch is equipped with the top and bottom of solar panel, when snow removal equipment is from upper And lower removing accumulated snow reaches bottom triggering travel switch, now motor is inverted, and ball-screw drives snow removal equipment to transport upwards It is dynamic, when outreaching, travel switch is equally triggered, motor stops.Now clearing apparatus is on solar panel top, it is to avoid Block sunshine.When sensor signal is fed back again accumulated snow signal, above-mentioned action is repeated in clearing apparatus.
A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device proposed by the present invention, can not only sweep away snow, and being capable of necessarily journey The dirt of solar cell surface is removed on degree, finish, the final operating efficiency for improving solar cell is improved.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of solar panel automatic snow removing device of the invention;
Fig. 2 is transmission mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is clearing apparatus schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the connection diagram of clearing apparatus of the present invention and solar panels;
In Fig. 1,1, travel switch S1 2, optoelectronic switch 3, the ballscrew 4 that rolls left, guide rail 5, solar panel 6, clean step Stepper motor 7, travel switch S2 8, single-chip microcomputer 9, clearing apparatus 10, conveyer belt 11, geared stepper motor 12, shaft coupling 13rd, rolling bearing 14, right ball-screw
In Fig. 2,15, support 16, feed screw nut
In Fig. 3,17, plastics snow cave shovel 18, roller brush 19, clearing apparatus protective cover
In Fig. 4,20, spring.
Embodiment
According to synoptic climate condition, energy automatic detection accumulated snow situation is designed, and the controller of automatic start-stop can be realized.It is logical In the case of often, transmission mechanism and cleaning agency are not run, and clearing apparatus rests on the upper end of solar panel, it is to avoid block Solar panel and influence generating efficiency.When there is snow cover on solar panel, the product monitored by sensor feedback The signal of thickness is avenged, when more than the standard value being previously set, then now thinking that accumulated snow has blocked solar panel, it is necessary to carry out Accumulated snow is cleaned.
As shown in figure 1, so that clearing apparatus is in solar panel upper end as an example.In sensor transmissions signal, photoelectricity is opened Close(2)It is output as 1 and inputs single-chip microcomputer(8)For 1, single-chip microcomputer output control signal control geared stepper motor(11)Walked with cleaning Stepper motor(6)Rotate, geared stepper motor(11)Pass through shaft coupling(12)Moment of torsion is transmitted to right ball-screw(14), it is same with this When, pass through conveyer belt(10)Moment of torsion is delivered to the ballscrew that rolls left(3), thus maintain solar panel(5)Two ends Left and right ball-screw(3)(14)It is synchronism stability operation.Left and right ball-screw(3)(14)Rotate, pass through ball-screw nut (16)Drive clearing apparatus(9)Move down.From push button travel switch S1(1)、S2(7), it is separately mounted to ball-screw (3)Top and bottom, ball-screw nut is driven when motor is rotated(16)And clearing apparatus(9)Lower panels are moved to, now Switch S2 will be met(7), geared stepper motor(11)It will invert so that clearing apparatus(9)Return to solar panel(5) Top, is now triggered to switch S1(1), clean stepper motor(6)And geared stepper motor(11)It will stop operating.Work as sensing When device signal is 1 again, above-mentioned action is repeated.
As shown in Fig. 2 geared stepper motor(11)Pass through shaft coupling(12)Drive ball-screw(3)Transmission, makes ball wire Thick stick nut(16)Push ahead, realize clearing apparatus(9)Movement.
As shown in figure 3, clearing apparatus(9)Two ends be respectively arranged with plastics snow cave shovel(17), the drive plastics snow of geared stepper motor 1 Shovel(17)Accumulated snow is removed, and cleans stepper motor(6)Make roller brush(18)Rotation is realized, completes to sweep away snow.Plastics snow cave shovel(17) Material selection PA6+GF20 (30), it has a good mechanical performance, and high temperature resistant, low temperature resistant, durability are good, and quality Gently.
As shown in figure 4, required precision is higher when installing, in order to avoid scratch solar panel during snow removing(5)And destroy hair Electric structure, therefore use micro-adjusting mechanism in feed screw nut seat and clearing apparatus base.Spring is added at bolt between two plates (20), the height that should be adjusted can be thus judged according to the deflection of hairbrush, rotating nut just can adjust cleaning agency brush holder Highly.A certain amount of shock loading can also be absorbed after adding spring in addition.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device, it is characterised in that the device includes solar panel, driver Structure, four parts of cleaning agency and support;Wherein solar panel is fixed on support, and support two ends lead to transmission mechanism Cross bolt connection;Ball-screw nut in transmission mechanism is connected by screw with cleaning agency;Transmission mechanism includes transmission and walked Stepper motor, cleaning stepper motor, shaft coupling, ball-screw and corresponding bearing;Cleaning agency is by cleaning stepper motor, shaft coupling Device and clearing apparatus composition, wherein clearing apparatus include the plastics snow cave shovel at clearing apparatus protective cover two ends and are cleaning stepper motor The roller brush of lower rotation;Clearing apparatus slidably reciprocates on guide rail;Moment of torsion is transmitted to the right side by geared stepper motor by shaft coupling Ball-screw, meanwhile, moment of torsion is delivered to by conveyer belt by the ballscrew that rolls left;Ball-screw connecting working table and then control cleaning Mechanism is moved on solar panel;In the process, clean stepper motor drives roller brush to carry out certainly by shaft coupling Turn, two motions are superimposed upon on cleaning agency.
2. a kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that feed screw nut seat and Clearing apparatus base uses micro-adjusting mechanism, and micro-adjusting mechanism is made up of spring and precision bolt, and precision bolt is used to be coupled leading screw spiral shell Spring on set in the middle part of female seat and clearing apparatus base, the precision bolt between two base plates.
CN201710542079.4A 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device Pending CN107243465A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710542079.4A CN107243465A (en) 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710542079.4A CN107243465A (en) 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107243465A true CN107243465A (en) 2017-10-13

Family

ID=60015163

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710542079.4A Pending CN107243465A (en) 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN107243465A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109373266A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-22 合肥先杰新能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar LED energy-saving lamp
CN109738588A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-10 广州方晟信息技术有限公司 A kind of atmosphere quality automatic monitor system
WO2019223747A1 (en) * 2018-05-23 2019-11-28 苏州宝时得电动工具有限公司 Automatic snow sweeper and working method thereof

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101318183A (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-12-10 昆山太得隆机械有限公司 Device for removing snow and ice of solar cell module
CN201211520Y (en) * 2008-06-19 2009-03-25 艾贻洪 Surface dust separator of solar vacuum tube heat collectors
KR100979848B1 (en) * 2007-12-05 2010-09-03 오민환 Washing apparatus of solar cell and control method for the same
CN201699040U (en) * 2010-06-23 2011-01-05 刘韵清 Solar panel automatic cleaning device
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
EP2549199A1 (en) * 2011-07-21 2013-01-23 Giancarlo Cannizzo Automatic cleaning device for a solar panel
CN103191875A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 重庆理工大学 Solar cell dust removal device
CN203522625U (en) * 2013-07-19 2014-04-02 沈阳华岩电力技术有限公司 Automatic snow removing device used by being matched with solar bracket
CN104722510A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel
CN205868889U (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-11 厦门厦顺铝箔有限公司 Clean roll surface device of modified aluminium foil mill

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101318183A (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-12-10 昆山太得隆机械有限公司 Device for removing snow and ice of solar cell module
KR100979848B1 (en) * 2007-12-05 2010-09-03 오민환 Washing apparatus of solar cell and control method for the same
CN201211520Y (en) * 2008-06-19 2009-03-25 艾贻洪 Surface dust separator of solar vacuum tube heat collectors
CN201699040U (en) * 2010-06-23 2011-01-05 刘韵清 Solar panel automatic cleaning device
EP2549199A1 (en) * 2011-07-21 2013-01-23 Giancarlo Cannizzo Automatic cleaning device for a solar panel
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN103191875A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 重庆理工大学 Solar cell dust removal device
CN203522625U (en) * 2013-07-19 2014-04-02 沈阳华岩电力技术有限公司 Automatic snow removing device used by being matched with solar bracket
CN104722510A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel
CN205868889U (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-11 厦门厦顺铝箔有限公司 Clean roll surface device of modified aluminium foil mill

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019223747A1 (en) * 2018-05-23 2019-11-28 苏州宝时得电动工具有限公司 Automatic snow sweeper and working method thereof
CN109373266A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-22 合肥先杰新能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar LED energy-saving lamp
CN109738588A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-10 广州方晟信息技术有限公司 A kind of atmosphere quality automatic monitor system

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Application publication date: 20171013

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