CN103495575A - Solar cell panel cleaning system - Google Patents

Solar cell panel cleaning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103495575A
CN103495575A CN201310430380.8A CN201310430380A CN103495575A CN 103495575 A CN103495575 A CN 103495575A CN 201310430380 A CN201310430380 A CN 201310430380A CN 103495575 A CN103495575 A CN 103495575A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
cleaning
protection plate
transparent protection
signal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310430380.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丛伟国
Original Assignee
丛伟国
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 丛伟国 filed Critical 丛伟国
Priority to CN201310430380.8A priority Critical patent/CN103495575A/en
Publication of CN103495575A publication Critical patent/CN103495575A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of cleaning equipment and provides a solar cell panel cleaning system. The solar cell panel cleaning system comprises a transparent protective plate, a light intensity detection device, a controller, a cleaning device and a braking device. The automatic solar cell panel cleaning system can timely detect the dirt degree of the surface of the transparent protective plate on a solar cell panel and automatically clean the surface of the transparent protective plate and effectively ensures power generation efficiency of the solar cell panel; moreover, the whole cleaning process does not need human intervention, and thus maintenance risk and maintenance cost are greatly reduced.

Description

The solar panel cleaning systems

Technical field

The present invention relates to the cleaning equipment technical field, relate in particular to a kind of solar panel cleaning systems.

Background technology

Along with the raising of social development and economy and technical merit, the various solar facilities that represent as new forms of energy have obtained development fast.Such as solar street light, solar power plant etc., for various solar facilities, solar panel is undoubtedly the parts of its most critical.

In the process of using in reality, we can find, along with the accumulation of time, meeting accumulation one deck dust gradually on the side to light of solar panel, this has weakened the absorption of solar panel for light greatly, and then causes its generating efficiency low, and maintenance cost is high.Usually need labor cleaning's grieshoch, because the position that solar panel is installed usually is higher, it is very inconvenient to clean, and also has certain danger.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of solar panel cleaning systems, be intended to solve solar panel of the prior art low because of the clean generating efficiency caused of its inconvenience, the problem that maintenance cost is high.

The present invention is achieved in that the solar panel cleaning systems comprise:

Transparent protection plate, described transparent protection plate covers and is arranged on solar panel, for adhesive dust and prevent that it is attached to described solar panel;

Light intensity test device, described light intensity test device is for detection of light transmission the output detection signal of described transparent protection plate;

Controller, the detection signal that described controller is exported for receiving described light intensity test device, and according to this detection signal output control signal;

Cleaning device, described cleaning device is arranged on described transparent protection plate, described cleaning device comprises mobile motor, the signal input part of described mobile motor is electrically connected to the first signal output of described controller, the clutch end transmission of described mobile motor is provided with moving leader, be fixed with cleaning brush on described mobile motor, the length of described cleaning brush is less than the width of described solar panel;

Brake apparatus, described brake apparatus is fixedly installed on the outside of described solar panel, described brake apparatus comprises two pairs of belt wheels that are symmetricly set in described solar panel both sides, two pairs of described belt wheels all rotate the outside that is arranged at described solar panel, be equipped with conveyer belt between every pair of described belt wheel, coaxially be provided with power transmission shaft between two described belt wheels of same end, described power transmission shaft upper driving is provided with braking motor, and the signal input part of described braking motor is electrically connected to the secondary signal output of described controller;

The two ends of described moving leader are fixedly installed on respectively on two described conveyer belts.

As a kind of improved plan, described light intensity test device comprises:

The surround lighting dependent sensor, described surround lighting dependent sensor is arranged at the outside of described transparent protection plate, for detection of the Intensity of the sunlight of external environment;

The transmitted light dependent sensor, described printing opacity dependent sensor be arranged at described transparent protection plate below, for detection of the Intensity of the sunlight that sees through described transparent protection plate;

The signal output part of described surround lighting dependent sensor and described transmitted light dependent sensor is connected with signal processing module jointly, and described signal processing module is analyzed and output detection signal for the Intensity of the sunlight signal of two kinds that will receive.

As a kind of improved plan, described moving leader is spur rack, and the clutch end of described mobile motor is installed together by mode and the described moving leader transmission of rack-and-pinion transmission.

As a kind of improved plan, described moving leader is leading screw, and the clutch end of described mobile motor is installed together by mode and the described moving leader transmission of screw thread transmission.

Solar panel cleaning systems provided by the invention, owing to being provided with light intensity test device, make it can detect in real time external environment and see through the intensity of illumination between transparent protection plate, and it is analyzed to contrast, if detected value exceeds setting range, it send detection signal to controller, controller according to this signal of telecommunication, controls cleaning device and brake apparatus carries out cleaning operation, wherein mobile motor drives axially reciprocating along moving leader of cleaning brush, when cleaning brush moves to the other end from an end of moving leader, brake apparatus drives cleaning device and moves downward under the signal controlling of controller, after whole cleaning course completes, cleaning device and brake apparatus revert to desired location, and quit work.

This solar panel automatic cleaning device can be in time detected and automated cleaning the degree of fouling on transparent protection plate surface on solar panel; effectively ensured the generating efficiency of solar panel; and whole cleaning course has greatly reduced and has safeguarded risk and maintenance cost without manual intervention.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the solar panel cleaning systems that provide of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the electrical schematic diagram of the solar panel cleaning systems that provide of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of clearing apparatus provided by the invention;

In figure: 1-transparent protection plate, 2-light intensity test device, 21-surround lighting dependent sensor; 22-transmitted light dependent sensor, 23-signal processing module, 3-controller; the 4-cleaning device, 41-mobile motor, 42-moving leader; the 43-cleaning brush; the 5-brake apparatus, 51-belt wheel, 52-conveyer belt; the 53-power transmission shaft, the 54-braking motor.

The specific embodiment

In order to make purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.

The solar panel cleaning systems that the embodiment of the present invention provides comprise:

Transparent protection plate, this transparent protection plate covers and is arranged on solar panel, for adhesive dust and prevent that it is attached to solar panel;

Light intensity test device, this light intensity test device is for detection of light transmission the output detection signal of transparent protection plate;

Controller, the detection signal that this controller is exported for the receiving light power checkout gear, and according to this detection signal output control signal;

Cleaning device, this cleaning device is arranged on transparent protection plate, cleaning device comprises mobile motor, the signal input part of mobile motor is electrically connected to the first signal output of controller, the clutch end transmission of mobile motor is provided with moving leader, be fixed with cleaning brush on mobile motor, the length of cleaning brush is less than the width of solar panel;

Brake apparatus, this brake apparatus is fixedly installed on the outside of solar panel, brake apparatus comprises two pairs of belt wheels that are symmetricly set in the solar panel both sides, two pairs of belt wheels all rotate the outside that is arranged at solar panel, be equipped with conveyer belt between every pair of belt wheel, coaxially be provided with power transmission shaft between two belt wheels of same end, the power transmission shaft upper driving is provided with braking motor, and the signal input part of braking motor is electrically connected to the secondary signal output of controller;

The two ends of moving leader are fixedly installed on respectively on two conveyer belts.

Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 show the structural representation of the solar panel cleaning systems that the embodiment of the present invention provides jointly, and for convenience of explanation, this figure only provides the structure division relevant with the present invention.

The solar panel cleaning systems comprise:

Transparent protection plate 1, its covering is arranged on solar panel, be used for adhesive dust and prevent that it is attached to solar panel, using transparent protection plate 1 can also prevent from, in clean process, solar panel is caused to damage, extending the service life of solar panel;

Light intensity test device 2, its light transmission for detection of transparent protection plate output detection signal;

Controller 3, the detection signal that it is exported for receiving light power checkout gear 2, and according to this detection signal output control signal;

Cleaning device 4, it is arranged on transparent protection plate 1, as shown in Figure 3, cleaning device 4 comprises mobile motor 41, the signal input part of mobile motor 41 is electrically connected to the first signal output of controller 3, the clutch end transmission of mobile motor 41 is provided with moving leader 42, is fixed with cleaning brush on mobile motor 41 and is provided with cleaning brush 43, and the length of cleaning brush 43 is less than the width of solar panel;

Brake apparatus 5, it is fixedly installed on the outside of solar panel, brake apparatus 5 comprises two pairs of belt wheels 51 that are symmetricly set in the solar panel both sides, two pairs of belt wheels 51 all rotate the outside that is arranged at solar panel, be equipped with conveyer belt 52 between every pair of belt wheel 51, coaxially be provided with power transmission shaft 53 between two belt wheels 51 of same end, power transmission shaft 53 upper drivings are provided with braking motor 54, and the signal input part of braking motor 54 is electrically connected to the secondary signal output of controller 3;

The two ends of moving leader 42 are fixedly installed on respectively on two conveyer belts 52.

After adopting this kind of structure, the light intensity detection fills 2 and puts real-time detection external environment and see through the intensity of illumination between transparent protection plate 1, and it is analyzed to contrast, if detected value exceeds setting range, it send detection signal to controller 3, controller 3 according to this signal of telecommunication, controls cleaning device 4 and brake apparatus 5 carries out cleaning operation, axially reciprocating along moving leader 42 under the drive of mobile motor 41 of the cleaning brush 43 in cleaning device 4 wherein, when cleaning brush 43 moves to the other end from an end of moving leader 42, brake apparatus 5 drives cleaning device 4 and moves downward under the signal controlling of controller 3, after whole cleaning course completes, cleaning device 4 and brake apparatus 5 revert to desired location, and quit work.It has not only ensured the generating efficiency of solar panel effectively, and whole cleaning course has greatly reduced and safeguarded risk and maintenance cost without manual intervention.

In this embodiment, light intensity test device 2 comprises:

Surround lighting dependent sensor 21, it is arranged at the outside of transparent protection plate 1, for detection of the Intensity of the sunlight of external environment;

Transmitted light dependent sensor 22, its be arranged at transparent protection plate 1 below, for detection of the Intensity of the sunlight that sees through transparent protection plate 1;

The signal output part of surround lighting dependent sensor 21 and transmitted light dependent sensor 22 is connected with signal processing module 23 jointly, the Intensity of the sunlight signal of two kinds that signal processing module 23 will receive be analyzed and output detection signal to controller 3.

In this embodiment, for controlling the mobile accuracy of cleaning device 4 on moving leader 42, improve its cleaning efficiency, and prevent its collision to miscellaneous part or structure, moving leader 42 can be set to spur rack or leading screw, and the clutch end of mobile motor 41 is installed together by the modes such as rack-and-pinion transmission or screw thread transmission and moving leader 42 transmissions.

Solar panel cleaning systems provided by the invention, owing to being provided with light intensity test device, make it can detect in real time external environment and see through the intensity of illumination between transparent protection plate, and it is analyzed to contrast, if detected value exceeds setting range, it send detection signal to controller, controller according to this signal of telecommunication, controls cleaning device and brake apparatus carries out cleaning operation, wherein mobile motor drives axially reciprocating along moving leader of cleaning brush, when cleaning brush moves to the other end from an end of moving leader, brake apparatus drives cleaning device and moves downward under the signal controlling of controller, after whole cleaning course completes, cleaning device and brake apparatus revert to desired location, and quit work.

This solar panel automatic cleaning device can be in time detected and automated cleaning the degree of fouling on transparent protection plate surface on solar panel; effectively ensured the generating efficiency of solar panel; and whole cleaning course has greatly reduced and has safeguarded risk and maintenance cost without manual intervention.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. solar panel cleaning systems, is characterized in that, described cleaning systems comprise:
Transparent protection plate, described transparent protection plate covers and is arranged on solar panel, for adhesive dust and prevent that it is attached to described solar panel;
Light intensity test device, described light intensity test device is for detection of light transmission the output detection signal of described transparent protection plate;
Controller, the detection signal that described controller is exported for receiving described light intensity test device, and according to this detection signal output control signal;
Cleaning device, described cleaning device is arranged on described transparent protection plate, described cleaning device comprises mobile motor, the signal input part of described mobile motor is electrically connected to the first signal output of described controller, the clutch end transmission of described mobile motor is provided with moving leader, be fixed with cleaning brush on described mobile motor, the length of described cleaning brush is less than the width of described solar panel;
Brake apparatus, described brake apparatus is fixedly installed on the outside of described solar panel, described brake apparatus comprises two pairs of belt wheels that are symmetricly set in described solar panel both sides, two pairs of described belt wheels all rotate the outside that is arranged at described solar panel, be equipped with conveyer belt between every pair of described belt wheel, coaxially be provided with power transmission shaft between two described belt wheels of same end, described power transmission shaft upper driving is provided with braking motor, and the signal input part of described braking motor is electrically connected to the secondary signal output of described controller;
The two ends of described moving leader are fixedly installed on respectively on two described conveyer belts.
2. solar panel cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described light intensity test device comprises:
The surround lighting dependent sensor, described surround lighting dependent sensor is arranged at the outside of described transparent protection plate, for detection of the Intensity of the sunlight of external environment;
The transmitted light dependent sensor, described printing opacity dependent sensor be arranged at described transparent protection plate below, for detection of the Intensity of the sunlight that sees through described transparent protection plate;
The signal output part of described surround lighting dependent sensor and described transmitted light dependent sensor is connected with signal processing module jointly, and described signal processing module is analyzed and output detection signal for the Intensity of the sunlight signal of two kinds that will receive.
3. solar panel cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described moving leader is spur rack, the clutch end of described mobile motor is installed together by mode and the described moving leader transmission of rack-and-pinion transmission.
4. solar panel cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described moving leader is leading screw, the clutch end of described mobile motor is installed together by mode and the described moving leader transmission of screw thread transmission.
CN201310430380.8A 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Solar cell panel cleaning system CN103495575A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310430380.8A CN103495575A (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Solar cell panel cleaning system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310430380.8A CN103495575A (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Solar cell panel cleaning system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103495575A true CN103495575A (en) 2014-01-08

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103846244A (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-06-11 长春工业大学 Autonomous solar panel multifunctional integral cleaning system
CN103904989A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-07-02 大连理工大学 Chain-transmitting-scrubbing-brush type device for automatically cleaning solar panels
CN104690024A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-10 北京京东方能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station cleaning system
CN104696865A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Solar-panel self-cleaning type solar lamp
CN104722510A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel
CN104722511A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Quantity monitoring and cleaning method for dust on surface of solar cell panel
CN105772429A (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-07-20 厦门华瑞电子有限公司 Automatic washing device for relay
CN107401335A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-28 东峡大通(北京)管理咨询有限公司 A kind of smart lock, car and solar panel power supply state detection method
CN107671068A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-09 江阴艾能赛瑞能源科技有限公司 One kind is anti-to block solar cell module
CN108023541A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-05-11 吕刚 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel with automatic cleaning function
CN108246668A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-07-06 安徽极光照明工程有限公司 A kind of cleaning device for the transparent billboards of LED
CN109167566A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-08 厦门通盛达工贸有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel dust pelletizing system
CN109433677A (en) * 2018-06-01 2019-03-08 王娟 A kind of large LED screen cleaning machine

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103846244B (en) * 2014-03-12 2016-06-08 长春工业大学 Autonomous type solar panel multifunctional cleaning system
CN103846244A (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-06-11 长春工业大学 Autonomous solar panel multifunctional integral cleaning system
CN103904989A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-07-02 大连理工大学 Chain-transmitting-scrubbing-brush type device for automatically cleaning solar panels
CN105772429A (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-07-20 厦门华瑞电子有限公司 Automatic washing device for relay
CN104696865A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 句容市万福达工艺品厂 Solar-panel self-cleaning type solar lamp
CN104722510A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel
CN104722511A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Quantity monitoring and cleaning method for dust on surface of solar cell panel
CN104722511B (en) * 2015-03-24 2016-08-31 福建师范大学 A kind of solar panel surface dirt amount monitoring and clean method
CN104690024A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-10 北京京东方能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station cleaning system
CN107401335A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-28 东峡大通(北京)管理咨询有限公司 A kind of smart lock, car and solar panel power supply state detection method
CN107671068A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-09 江阴艾能赛瑞能源科技有限公司 One kind is anti-to block solar cell module
CN108023541A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-05-11 吕刚 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel with automatic cleaning function
CN108023541B (en) * 2017-12-15 2019-06-07 广西丰冠新能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel with automatic cleaning function
CN108246668A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-07-06 安徽极光照明工程有限公司 A kind of cleaning device for the transparent billboards of LED
CN109433677A (en) * 2018-06-01 2019-03-08 王娟 A kind of large LED screen cleaning machine
CN109167566A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-08 厦门通盛达工贸有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel dust pelletizing system

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Application publication date: 20140108

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