A kind of solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device
The utility model relates to solar energy cleaning device, relates in particular to the reciprocating automation cleaning device that a kind of solar photovoltaic assembly surface dirt, dirt clean.
Along with industrialization, Development of China's Urbanization are accelerated and the lasting upgrading of consumption structure, China's energy demand is rigidity and increases, and is subject to Domestic Resources supportability and environmental carrying capacity restriction and global energy safety and reply climate change effect, resource environment constraint strengthening increasingly.And development photovoltaic industry readjusts the energy structure, advances production of energy and consumption revolution, promotion Ecological Civilization Construction significant to China, China has been the fastest-rising country of global photovoltaic generation installation.
Photovoltaic generating system is mainly made up of solar photovoltaic assembly, controller and inverter three parts, and the wherein height of the photoelectric transformation efficiency of solar photovoltaic assembly is having a strong impact on the generating efficiency of photovoltaic generating system.In actual applications; photovoltaic module is for a long time under natural conditions, and dust or other dirts often can be adhered to, be deposited in its surface, affects the generated energy of photovoltaic generating system; seriously can cause producing local hot plate effect, further reduce performance and the life-span of photovoltaic module.Therefore,, for large-sized photovoltaic power station, often cleaning assemblies is very necessary.
The general floor space of ground light photovoltaic assembly is vast, and component count is more, adds comparatively difficulty of remote diversion cleaning assembly, and the duty of assembly is understood also to comparatively difficulty.Therefore, be necessary to propose one and can independently-powered and effectively clean photovoltaic module, and improve the solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of the generated energy in power station.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the defect of prior art, the utility model aims to provide one does not need external power supply, can often carry out the solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of cleaning to being arranged on building roof, curtain wall and ground solar photovoltaic assembly.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device, comprise power supply and energy-storage units, cleaning unit, water tank, filter element and control module, described water tank, described cleaning unit and described filter element circulate and are connected successively, and described power supply and energy-storage units comprise solar components and the energy storage battery being connected with described solar components; Receive and store by described energy storage battery the electric weight that described solar components produces, and the power supply of described solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device is provided, described cleaning unit, described filter element and described water tank clean a solar photovoltaic assembly under the control of described control module.
Preferably, described power supply and energy-storage units also comprise a support, by the fixing described solar components of described stent support.
Preferably, described filter element comprises drainage trap, return pipe, circulating pump and shutter, between described water tank, described circulating pump and described drainage trap, connect by described return pipe successively, and described drainage trap is arranged at the lower edge of described solar photovoltaic assembly for the clean water of recovery and rinsing solar photovoltaic assembly, the inner side of described drainage trap covers described shutter, is intercepted and is removed larger foreign material in the clean water reclaiming by described shutter.
Preferably, described cleaning unit comprises shower and circular cleaning brush, described shower connects described water tank, to described solar photovoltaic assembly surface spraying steam, and remove dust and other dirts of being attached to described solar photovoltaic assembly surface by described circular cleaning brush by described shower.
Preferably, described control module comprises a reciprocating mechanism and rotating actuator, described reciprocating mechanism is connected with described rotating actuator by a flexible suspension rod, and described rotating actuator connects described cleaning unit, thereby carry out this solar photovoltaic assembly of reciprocating cleaning by this reciprocating mechanism and this circle cleaning brush of rotating actuator control.
Preferably, described reciprocating mechanism comprises reciprocating power assembly and a driven unit, and described reciprocating power assembly comprises a gear and tooth bar, and described driven unit connects described gear and does linear reciprocating motion by tooth bar described in described gear drive; Described rotating actuator is connected by described flexible suspension rod with described tooth bar, by described flexible suspension rod to described circular cleaning brush telescopic adjustment.
Preferably, described water tank bottom is provided with a sewage draining exit, regularly discharges the deposit in described water tank by described sewage draining exit.
Preferably, described control module also comprises technical grade single-chip microcomputer, automatically move back and forth and rotate by circular cleaning brush described in described technical grade single-chip microcomputer, described reciprocating mechanism and described rotating actuator control, thereby making this circle cleaning brush cleaning solar photovoltaic module.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of the present utility model is by arranging this solar components and energy storage battery, make this energy storage battery receive the electric energy that solar components produces, thereby other devices to this solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device provide power supply, thereby make this device can often carry out cleaning to being arranged on building roof, curtain wall and ground solar photovoltaic assembly in the situation that not needing external power supply, this cleaning device is used convenient energy-conservation.
2, solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of the present utility model is by arranging filter element, cleaning unit and control module, thereby can make this cleaning unit, under the control of control module, solar photovoltaic assembly be carried out to reciprocating-type cleaning, thereby cleaner to solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning effect; And can reclaim the clean water after cleaning by this filter element, and the water in water tank can be recycled, effectively improve the utilization rate of recirculated water, also reduce waste and the pollution of water resource.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device structural representation that the utility model is implemented.
1-solar components, 2-support, 3-energy storage battery, 4-shower, the circular cleaning brush of 5-, 6-water tank, 7-return pipe, 8-circulating pump, 9-drainage trap, 10-shutter, 11-the first direct current generator, 12-gear, 13-tooth bar, 14-the second direct current generator, 15-flexible suspension rod, 16-sewage draining exit.
detailed description of the invention:
Referring to the accompanying drawing that the utility model embodiment is shown, below will describe in more detail the utility model.But the utility model can be with realizations such as multi-form, specifications, and should not be construed as the restriction of the embodiment being subject in this proposition.On the contrary, it is abundant and complete open in order to reach proposing these embodiment, and makes more relevant those skilled in the art person understand scope of the present utility model completely.In these accompanying drawings, for clearly visible, may zoom in or out relative size.
Refer now to Fig. 1 and describe the solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of implementing according to the utility model in detail, this device comprises power supply and energy-storage units, cleaning unit, water tank 6, filter element and control module, the power supply of this device and energy-storage units are for providing the power supply of this device, this water tank 6, cleaning unit and filter element form the closed circuit of clean water, this water tank 6 offers the clean water of cleaning a solar photovoltaic assembly, this cleaning unit carries out reciprocating automatic cleaning to this solar photovoltaic assembly under the control of this control module, and the clean water after cleaning is filtered by this filter element and the clean water after filtering is entered to this water tank 6 for recycling.
Concrete, as shown in Figure 1, energy storage battery 3 and support 2 that this power supply and energy-storage units comprise solar components 1, are connected with solar components 1, this support 2 is placed this solar components 1 for supporting, the electric weight that this energy storage battery 3 produces for storing solar components 1, and provide power supply for this cleaning device; This cleaning unit comprises shower 4 and circular cleaning brush 5, this shower 4 connects water tank 6 and circular cleaning brush 5, for the surface spraying steam to solar photovoltaic assembly, simultaneously, this circle cleaning brush 5 is scrubbed in the rotation of solar photovoltaic assembly surface under the driving control of control module, removes dust and other dirts of being attached to solar photovoltaic assembly surface; This filter element comprises circulating pump 8, drainage trap 9 and shutter 10, this circulating pump 8 is connected by return pipe 7 with water tank 6 and drainage trap 9 respectively, and the inner side of drainage trap 9 is provided with shutter 10, wherein, this drainage trap 9 is arranged on the lower edge of this solar photovoltaic assembly, for the clean water of recovery and rinsing solar photovoltaic assembly, the shutter 10 that these drainage trap 9 inner sides arrange is for intercepting the larger foreign material of clean water of recovery, as fallen leaves etc.; And clean water enters in water tank 6 and recycles through circulating pump 8 and return pipe 7, and these water tank 6 bottoms are provided with sewage draining exit 16, by the regularly deposit in discharge water tank 6 of this sewage draining exit 16.
In specific implementation process, as shown in the figure, this reciprocating mechanism and rotating actuator are for driving and controlling this cleaning brush and carry out reciprocal cleaning, wherein, this reciprocating mechanism is connected with rotating actuator by flexible suspension rod 15, and rotating actuator connects this cleaning unit, concrete, this reciprocating mechanism comprises reciprocating power assembly and driven unit, this reciprocal driven unit is made up of gear 12 and tooth bar 13, this driven unit connects respectively energy storage battery 3 and gear 12, drive this gear 12 of control to work by this driven unit, thereby make this tooth bar 13 do linear reciprocating motion, this rotating actuator connects this circle cleaning brush 5, and is connected with tooth bar 13 by flexible suspension rod 15, in specific implementation process, this rotating actuator and driven unit are respectively the first direct current generator 11 and the second direct current generator 14, and can be provided with technical grade single-chip microcomputer in this direct current generator, drive this gear 12 to make tooth bar 13 do linear reciprocating motion by this second direct current generator 14, thereby this circle cleaning brush 5 is back and forth cleaned, driving this circle cleaning brush 5 of control to carry out body by this first direct current generator 11 rotatablely moves, thereby make this circle cleaning brush 5 can this solar photovoltaic assembly of rotary-cleaning in carrying out straight reciprocating motion, this solar photovoltaic assembly is dealt with convenient, totally.
And, this first direct current generator 11 is connected by flexible suspension rod 15 with tooth bar 13, drive the reciprocating motion of this circle cleaning brush 5 and the first direct current generator 11 to drive rotatablely moving of this circle cleaning brush 5 by this tooth bar 13, and can, in the time of circular cleaning brush 5 cleaning solar photovoltaic module, carry out certain telescopic adjustment by this flexible suspension rod 15 to this circle cleaning brush 5.This first direct current generator 11 and the second direct current generator 14 all have blocking rotation function, thereby have increased the reliability of solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device.
In addition, in solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device of the present utility model, the required power supply of each assembly produces electric energy by solar components, and by power storage in connected energy storage battery, thereby this energy storage battery is powered to this cleaning device, need to be by external power supply, only utilize the solar facilities of cleaning device self that power supply is provided, solar photovoltaic assembly surface is cleaned; And, can realize solar photovoltaic assembly is numbered by controls such as technical grade unit machines, and main to state of appearance, the connecting line etc. of solar photovoltaic assembly numbering status information is sent to the background monitoring system being connected with solar photovoltaic assembly by wireless communication mode, by this monitoring system, this solar photovoltaic assembly is managed.
By this solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device, not only realize cleaning device and do not needing in external power supply situation the power supply of self, and this cleaning unit and filter element form a loop, concrete, this loop is that water tank, shower and circular cleaning brush are connected successively, and the clean water after cleaning brush cleans enters drainage trap, and this drainage trap enters clean water in water tank by return pipe and circulating pump, clean water can be recycled, effectively save the energy; And in this cleaning device, technical grade unit machine can be set, effectively control motion and the rotation automatically of this circle cleaning brush, and solar photovoltaic assembly is carried out to cleaning.
The cutting means of the solar photovoltaic assembly cleaning device that the utility model provides is not limited in the first direct current generator and the second direct current generator that the present embodiment proposes and is not limited to the direct current generator of the present embodiment, can can make this circle cleaning brush rotation or reciprocal drive unit substitute by other, thereby drive this cleaning brush of control to carry out the automatic reciprocating and clean solar photovoltaic assembly of rotating operation; And, the capacity of the energy storage battery being connected with solar photovoltaic assembly in the utility model is not limited with the present embodiment, can arrange according to the power of direct current generator and other connected consumers, thereby ensure the stability of this cleaning device self Power supply.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and distortion and not depart from spirit and scope of the present utility model the utility model.Like this, if these amendments of the present utility model and distortion belong in the scope of the utility model claim and equivalent technologies thereof, the utility model is also intended to comprise these and changes interior.