CN202142537U - Device for automatically tracking and cleaning solar cell panel - Google Patents

Device for automatically tracking and cleaning solar cell panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202142537U
CN202142537U CN201120295332U CN201120295332U CN202142537U CN 202142537 U CN202142537 U CN 202142537U CN 201120295332 U CN201120295332 U CN 201120295332U CN 201120295332 U CN201120295332 U CN 201120295332U CN 202142537 U CN202142537 U CN 202142537U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
hydraulic
signal output
links
signal input
Prior art date
Application number
CN201120295332U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴忠举
耿天翼
刘春生
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吴忠举
耿天翼
刘春生
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Application filed by 吴忠举, 耿天翼, 刘春生 filed Critical 吴忠举
Priority to CN201120295332U priority Critical patent/CN202142537U/en
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Publication of CN202142537U publication Critical patent/CN202142537U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar cell panel control device, specifically to a device for automatically tracking and cleaning a solar cell panel, thereby solving the problem that currently there is no such a device that can guarantee surfaces of solar cell panels are always be vertically irradiated by sunlights and is capable of automatically cleaning surfaces of solar cell panels. The device comprises a sun positioning and tracking unit, a solar cell panel actuating unit, an automatic solar cell panel surface dust-cleaning unit and a main controller. The sun positioning and tracking unit comprises a bottom plate, a shadow bar, an annular solar cell pack array and a first hydraulic system, and the solar cell panel actuating unit comprises a base and a second hydraulic system. The device of the utility model effectively solves the problem that currently there is no such a device that can guarantee surfaces of solar cell panels are always be vertically irradiated by sunlights and is capable of automatically cleaning surfaces of solar cell panels, and is suitable for solar power stations.

Description

Solar panel is from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to the solar panel control device, specifically is that a kind of solar panel is from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus.
Background technology
That solar power generation has is safe and reliable, pollution-free, noiseless and can not suffer advantages such as energy crisis or the unsettled impact of fuel market; But it faces two large problems in actual motion: the one, in the process that the sun moves; Because solar panel is fixed on the solar panel pedestal; Can't guarantee sunlight vertical irradiation solar panel surface all the time, cause the lighting efficiency of solar panel lower, and then cause the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar panel low.The 2nd, because that solar panel is positioned over for a long time in the open is outdoor, time one is long, and the solar panel surface is just covered by dust or foreign material easily, causes the lighting efficiency of solar panel to reduce, and then influences the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar panel.Based on the problems referred to above, be necessary to invent and a kind ofly can guarantee sunlight vertical irradiation solar panel surface and can carry out the device of automated cleaning all the time, to improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar panel to the solar panel surface.Yet do not have a kind of like this device at present.
Summary of the invention
The utility model a kind ofly can guarantee sunlight vertical irradiation solar panel surface and can carry out the problem of the device of automated cleaning to the solar panel surface all the time in order to solve still not have at present, provides a kind of solar panel from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus.
The utility model is to adopt following technical scheme to realize: solar panel comprises sun positioning and tracking device, solar panel movement device, solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus and main controller from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus; Said sun positioning and tracking device comprises base plate, shadow bar, solar battery group annular array and first hydraulic system; Shadow bar's vertical fixing is in plate upper surface; The solar battery group annular array comprises that several axis that center on shadow bar evenly distribute and is fixed in the battery unit of plate upper surface that the signal output part of each battery unit all links to each other with the signal input part of main controller; The signal input part of first hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of main controller, and the executive component of first hydraulic system is connected with the base plate lower surface; Said solar panel movement device comprises the pedestal and second hydraulic system; The signal input part of second hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of main controller, and the executive component of second hydraulic system is connected with the pedestal lower surface; Said solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus comprises the motor bearing seat, be supported on drive motors on the motor bearing seat, be connected in cleaning round brush on the output shaft of drive motors, be fixed in the bearing pedestal of motor bearing seat lower surface and be supported on the wheel shaft on the bearing pedestal; On the output shaft of drive motors pinion is installed; Gear wheel with pinion is installed on the wheel shaft; Pedestal upper surface is fixed with tooth bar and driving groove; Gear wheel is engaged on the tooth bar; The bearing pedestal lower surface is equipped with support wheel, and support wheel is flush-mounted in the driving groove; The upper and lower both sides of the edge of pedestal upper surface are fixed with upper limit position switch and lower position switch respectively; The signal output part of upper limit position switch all links to each other with the signal input part of main controller with the signal output part of lower position switch; The control end of drive motors links to each other with the signal output part of main controller.Said main controller is the structure that those skilled in the art realize easily, and multiple malformation can be arranged.
During work, solar panel is installed on pedestal upper surface, and guarantees that the solar panel surface and the angle of sunlight incident direction equal the angle of backplate surface and sunlight incident direction.The concrete course of work is divided into automatic tracing process of solar panel and solar panel automatic cleaning process.The automatic tracing process of solar panel is specific as follows: in the daylighting process of solar panel; Main controller carries out real time scan to the voltage of each battery unit in the solar battery group annular array on the base plate; When the incident direction out of plumb of backplate surface and sunlight; Shadow bar can produce projection and block certain battery unit in the solar battery group annular array; Cause the current potential of this battery unit on the low side than the current potential of other battery unit that is not blocked, the voltage that master controller detects each battery unit in the solar battery group annular array thus distributes, and the relative bearing that calculates the sun is judged in distribution according to voltage; Send action command to first hydraulic system in view of the above; First hydraulic system makes backplate surface vertical with the sunlight incident direction according to the angle of action command adjustment backplate surface and sunlight incident direction, makes that promptly the current potential of each battery unit in the solar battery group annular array is identical; Master controller is when first hydraulic system is sent action command; Can send the synchronization action instruction to second hydraulic system; Second hydraulic system is according to the angle of the solar panel surface on the synchronization action instruction adjustment pedestal with the sunlight incident direction; Make that the solar panel surface is vertical with the sunlight incident direction, guarantee sunlight vertical irradiation solar panel surface all the time, thereby the lighting efficiency that guarantees solar panel is higher all the time.The solar panel automatic cleaning device has round brush and two kinds of forms of wiper; Be example below with the round brush; Its cleaning course is specific as follows: when the solar panel surface is covered by dust or foreign material, the brush finish of cleaning round brush is supported on the solar panel surface, starts through main controller controlling and driving motor; Drive motor drives cleaning round brush is rotated, and the solar panel surface is cleaned.Simultaneously, drive motors drives gear wheel through pinion and is rotated, and makes gear wheel carry out straight-line rolling from top to bottom along tooth bar, and then drive cleaning round brush cleans along the solar panel surface from top to bottom.When the cleaning round brush moves to solar panel surface lower limb (touching lower position switch); Lower position switch sends signal to main controller; Main controller reverses according to the signal controlling drive motors, makes gear wheel carry out straight-line rolling from bottom to top along tooth bar, and then drive cleaning round brush cleans along the solar panel surface from bottom to top; When the cleaning round brush moves to solar panel surface top edge (touching upper limit position switch); Upper limit position switch sends signal to main controller, and a clean cycle operation is accomplished in the stall of main controller controlling and driving motor thus.When tooth bar carried out straight-line rolling, motor bearing seat, drive motors, bearing pedestal, wheel shaft all carried out synchronous linear along the solar panel surface and move at gear wheel, and support wheel carries out synchronous linear along driving groove and moves.Based on above process, the described solar panel of the utility model not only can guarantee sunlight vertical irradiation solar panel surface all the time from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus, and has realized automated cleaning is carried out on the solar panel surface.Thus, the described solar panel of the utility model has effectively improved the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar panel from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus, and then has improved the generating efficiency of solar power plant.
The utility model efficiently solves still not have at present and a kind ofly can guarantee sunlight vertical irradiation solar panel surface and can carry out the problem of the device of automated cleaning to the solar panel surface all the time, is applicable to the solar power plant.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the sun positioning and tracking device of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the solar panel movement device of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the end view of Fig. 3.
Among the figure: the 1-base plate, 2-shadow bar, 3-solar battery group annular array, the 4-pedestal, 5-motor bearing seat, the 6-drive motors, 7-cleans round brush, 8-bearing pedestal, 9-wheel shaft, 10-pinion, 11-gear wheel, 12-tooth bar, 13-driving groove, 14-support wheel.
Embodiment
Solar panel comprises sun positioning and tracking device, solar panel movement device, solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus and main controller from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus;
Said sun positioning and tracking device comprises base plate 1, shadow bar 2, solar battery group annular array 3 and first hydraulic system; Shadow bar's 2 vertical fixing are in base plate 1 upper surface; Solar battery group annular array 3 comprises that several axis that center on shadow bar 2 evenly distribute and is fixed in the battery unit of base plate 1 upper surface that the signal output part of each battery unit all links to each other with the signal input part of main controller; The signal input part of first hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of main controller, and the executive component of first hydraulic system is connected with base plate 1 lower surface;
Said solar panel movement device comprises the pedestal 4 and second hydraulic system; The signal input part of second hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of main controller, and the executive component of second hydraulic system is connected with pedestal 4 lower surfaces;
Said solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus comprises motor bearing seat 5, be supported on drive motors 6 on the motor bearing seat 5, be connected in cleaning round brush 7 on the output shaft of drive motors 6, be fixed in the bearing pedestal 8 of motor bearing seat 5 lower surfaces and be supported on the wheel shaft 9 on the bearing pedestal 8; Pinion 10 is installed on the output shaft of drive motors 6; Gear wheel 11 with pinion 10 engagements is installed on the wheel shaft 9; Pedestal 4 upper surfaces are fixed with tooth bar 12 and driving groove 13; Gear wheel 11 is engaged on the tooth bar 12; Bearing pedestal 8 lower surfaces are equipped with support wheel 14, and support wheel 14 is flush-mounted in the driving groove 13; The upper and lower both sides of the edge of pedestal 4 upper surfaces are fixed with upper limit position switch and lower position switch respectively; The signal output part of upper limit position switch all links to each other with the signal input part of main controller with the signal output part of lower position switch; The control end of drive motors 6 links to each other with the signal output part of main controller;
Said main controller comprises sun location tracking Control module, solar panel action control module, solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module and the module that automatically resets; Wherein, the signal output part of each battery unit all links to each other with the signal input part of sun location tracking Control module; The signal input part of the signal input part of solar panel action control module and first hydraulic system all links to each other with the signal output part of sun location tracking Control module; The signal input part of second hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of solar panel action control module; The signal output part of upper limit position switch all links to each other with the signal input part of solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module with the signal output part of lower position switch; The control end of drive motors 6 links to each other with the signal output part of solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module; The signal input part of the signal input part of first hydraulic system and second hydraulic system all links to each other with the signal output part of the module that automatically resets; Said sun location tracking Control module, solar panel action control module, solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module, the module that automatically resets are existing known configurations;
During work, sun location tracking Control module is controlled the angle of backplate surface and sunlight incident direction through first hydraulic system; The solar panel action control module is controlled the solar panel surface and the angle of sunlight incident direction through second hydraulic system; Solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module is controlled drive motors according to the signal that upper limit position switch and lower position switch send; The module that automatically resets respectively through first hydraulic system, second hydraulic system to the control that resets of base plate, solar panel; Promptly after every day, the sun fell, the orientation of its court when the orientation of backplate surface, solar panel surface court of institute is back to same day sun initial rise;
During practical implementation, the pedestal upper surface upper edge is equipped with cleaning round brush protection canopy, after the cleaning round brush is accomplished a clean cycle operation, promptly returns in the cleaning round brush protection canopy, and cleaning round brush protection canopy plays the effect of protection cleaning round brush.

Claims (2)

1. a solar panel is characterized in that from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus: comprise sun positioning and tracking device, solar panel movement device, solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus and main controller; Said sun positioning and tracking device comprises base plate (1), shadow bar (2), solar battery group annular array (3) and first hydraulic system; Shadow bar (2) vertical fixing is in base plate (1) upper surface; Solar battery group annular array (3) comprises that several axis that center on shadow bar (2) evenly distribute and is fixed in the battery unit of base plate (1) upper surface that the signal output part of each battery unit all links to each other with the signal input part of main controller; The signal input part of first hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of main controller, and the executive component of first hydraulic system is connected with base plate (1) lower surface; Said solar panel movement device comprises the pedestal (4) and second hydraulic system; The signal input part of second hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of main controller, and the executive component of second hydraulic system is connected with pedestal (4) lower surface; Said solar panel surface dirt automatic cleaning apparatus comprises motor bearing seat (5), be supported on drive motors (6) on the motor bearing seat (5), be connected in cleaning round brush (7) on the output shaft of drive motors (6), be fixed in the bearing pedestal (8) of motor bearing seat (5) lower surface and be supported on the wheel shaft (9) on the bearing pedestal (8); Pinion (10) is installed on the output shaft of drive motors (6); Gear wheel (11) with pinion (10) engagement is installed on the wheel shaft (9); Pedestal (4) upper surface is fixed with tooth bar (12) and driving groove (13); Gear wheel (11) is engaged on the tooth bar (12); Bearing pedestal (8) lower surface is equipped with support wheel (14), and support wheel (14) is flush-mounted in the driving groove (13); The upper and lower both sides of the edge of pedestal (4) upper surface are fixed with upper limit position switch and lower position switch respectively; The signal output part of upper limit position switch all links to each other with the signal input part of main controller with the signal output part of lower position switch; The control end of drive motors (6) links to each other with the signal output part of main controller.
2. solar panel according to claim 1 is characterized in that from motion tracking and automatic cleaning apparatus: said main controller comprises sun location tracking Control module, solar panel action control module, solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module and the module that automatically resets; Wherein, the signal output part of each battery unit all links to each other with the signal input part of sun location tracking Control module; The signal input part of the signal input part of solar panel action control module and first hydraulic system all links to each other with the signal output part of sun location tracking Control module; The signal input part of second hydraulic system links to each other with the signal output part of solar panel action control module; The signal output part of upper limit position switch all links to each other with the signal input part of solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module with the signal output part of lower position switch; The control end of drive motors (6) links to each other with the signal output part of solar panel surface dirt automated cleaning control module; The signal input part of the signal input part of first hydraulic system and second hydraulic system all links to each other with the signal output part of the module that automatically resets.
CN201120295332U 2011-08-13 2011-08-13 Device for automatically tracking and cleaning solar cell panel CN202142537U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120295332U CN202142537U (en) 2011-08-13 2011-08-13 Device for automatically tracking and cleaning solar cell panel

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120295332U CN202142537U (en) 2011-08-13 2011-08-13 Device for automatically tracking and cleaning solar cell panel

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102347400A (en) * 2011-08-13 2012-02-08 吴忠举 Automatic tracking and automatic cleaning device for solar cell panel
CN103499978A (en) * 2013-09-28 2014-01-08 国家电网公司 Photovoltaic automatic sun-tracking control system and application method thereof
CN104722510A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel
CN109655016A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-04-19 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 A kind of scene part angle measuring device and method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102347400A (en) * 2011-08-13 2012-02-08 吴忠举 Automatic tracking and automatic cleaning device for solar cell panel
CN102347400B (en) * 2011-08-13 2013-04-24 吴忠举 Automatic tracking and automatic cleaning device for solar cell panel
CN103499978A (en) * 2013-09-28 2014-01-08 国家电网公司 Photovoltaic automatic sun-tracking control system and application method thereof
CN104722510A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-06-24 福建师范大学 Intelligent dust removal device for solar cell panel
CN109655016A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-04-19 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 A kind of scene part angle measuring device and method
CN109655016B (en) * 2019-02-15 2020-06-26 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 On-site part angle measuring device and method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120208

Termination date: 20130813

C17 Cessation of patent right