CN104158481A - Mobile solar panel array surface movement system - Google Patents

Mobile solar panel array surface movement system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104158481A
CN104158481A CN201410028864.4A CN201410028864A CN104158481A CN 104158481 A CN104158481 A CN 104158481A CN 201410028864 A CN201410028864 A CN 201410028864A CN 104158481 A CN104158481 A CN 104158481A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
array
kinematic
solar
panel
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410028864.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张波
高德东
王珊
郑浩峻
辛元庆
孟广双
郭菁莘
程智峰
Original Assignee
张波
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 张波 filed Critical 张波
Priority to CN201410028864.4A priority Critical patent/CN104158481A/en
Publication of CN104158481A publication Critical patent/CN104158481A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a mobile solar panel array surface movement system, and belongs to the field of solar photovoltaic technology. The system includes a motion system carrier, a power output device, a transmission mechanism and a balancing mechanism. A motion system is installed on a solar panel, and is fixedly connected to a solar panel maintenance device, the power output device, the transmission mechanism and the balancing mechanism; and the torque outputted by the power output device transfers power through the transmission mechanism, two ends of two pairs of balancing wheels of the balancing mechanism respectively match the edges of the panel and protruding strips on an auxiliary support rail, and the solar panel maintenance device is driven to move forward along a panel array under the rolling friction, so that the surface of the panel can be maintained and cleaned. The system is simple in structure, low in cost and high in frequency, the design and installation of a conventional solar penal array are unaffected, the surface of the solar panel is undamaged, the environment is not polluted, and large-scale mobile cleaning is achieved for the surface of the solar panel array. Therefore, the power generation efficiency of the solar panel is enhanced, and the purposes of energy conservation, emission reduction and consumption reduction are realized.

Description

A kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system
Technical field
Patent of the present invention relates to a kind of solar panel array surface maintenance technology, relates in particular to solar panel array surface cleaning technology, belongs to solar photovoltaic technology field.
Background technology
In solar photovoltaic generation system, solar panel belongs to one of core component, generally adopts series and parallel connections mode to be formed array, is installed in outdoor reception sunlight and produces electric energy.But in use, if battery board array surface is coverd with dust and dirt or surperficial impaired because using for a long time, can reduce its photoelectric conversion efficiency, thereby affect the usefulness of whole solar photovoltaic generation system, therefore need regularly care and maintenance to be carried out in solar panel array surface.
Existing maintenance and clean equipment are divided into two classes: a class is fixedly installed to solar panel periphery.This class service equipment all has certain limitation requirement to the design and installation of panel array, and a cell panel is installed a device simultaneously, and high cost is installed complicated; Another kind of employing city cleaning cart or sprinkling truck mode are cleaned cell panel.Due to gap between panel array narrower (general 2.5m left and right), vehicle easily collides both sides cell panel or support causes unnecessary economic loss, and driver is driven and had relatively high expectations; Meanwhile, because solar panel operating area is outdoor desert belt, common vehicle is difficult for travelling.In view of above reason, on market, be badly in need of a set of special kinematic system that can adapt to alone Desert Area photovoltaic plant battery board array surface maintenance, can realize convenient motion not restricting under the design of existing solar panel array and the prerequisite of installation, the cell panel service equipment that can adapt to again the functions such as desert Environment realizes flexible installation, safeguards and cleans, reduces the overall maintenance cost of cell panel.
Patent of invention content
Patent object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiency of prior art to solar panel array surface maintenance, a kind of kinematic system of mobile solar energy battery board array surface is proposed, can adapt to the mounting means of existing solar panel array, can adapt to again desert environment and realize the flexible cell panel service equipment of installing.
The technical scheme of patent of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system, it is arranged on solar panel array surface, for flexibility, cell panel service equipment is installed, it is characterized in that, described solar panel apparent motion system comprises: solar panel array apparent motion system carrier, motive power outputting apparatus, transmission mechanism and balanced controls.Whole solar panel array apparent motion system is arranged on solar panel array surface, for the service equipment of cell panel being installed and being done rectilinear motion at battery board array surface, thereby completes the maintenance work to solar panel surface.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure sketch of patent of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram end view described in patent of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of patent solar panel array apparent motion system pressure adjusting mechanism of the present invention.
In figure: 1-supporting track; 2-cell panel bracing frame; 3-motive power outputting apparatus; 4-kinematic system carrier; 5-solar panel service equipment 6-stabilizer driven pulley; 7-stabilizer driving wheel; 8-support wheel; 9-solar panel array; 10-stretches out frame; 11-connecting rod.
Fig. 4 is the workflow diagram of the solar panel array apparent motion system maintenance solar panel surface array described in patent of the present invention.
embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, patent of the present invention is further described:
A kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system that patent of the present invention provides, utilize electric energy to drive the motive power outputting apparatus of solar panel array apparent motion system, through transmission mechanism, moment of torsion is passed to balance drive wheel and support wheel, drive solar panel array apparent motion system steadily to advance on solar panel, and then be assemblied in the cell panel service equipment in solar panel array apparent motion system, variation is carried out in solar panel array surface and safeguard.Comprise reparation to cell panel surface, the function such as clean.Described solar panel array apparent motion system control program start and stop to motive power outputting apparatus by PLC control circuit, turn to, rotating speed carries out Comprehensive Control, it is realized on solar panel array adaptive, reversible, advancing of variable-ratio, thus realize photovoltaic plant solar panel array surface on a large scale, portable maintenance.
Fig. 1 is the general structure sketch of patent of the present invention.
Wherein Reference numeral is as follows: supporting track 1, cell panel bracing frame 2, motive power outputting apparatus 3, kinematic system carrier 4, solar panel service equipment 5, stabilizer driven pulley 6, stabilizer driving wheel 7, support wheel 8, solar panel array 9.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram end view described in patent of the present invention.
Wherein Reference numeral is as follows: supporting track 1, cell panel bracing frame 2, kinematic system carrier 4, stabilizer driving wheel 7, support wheel 8, solar panel array 9, stretch out frame 10, connecting rod 11.
In view of interpretation needs, now Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are combined to elaboration the specific embodiment of the present invention:
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 entirety have been explained the general structure schematic diagram of kinematic system described in patent of the present invention.
This kinematic system Reference numeral is as follows: supporting track 1, cell panel bracing frame 2, motive power outputting apparatus 3, solar panel array apparent motion system carrier 4, cell panel service equipment 5, solar panel array 9, stretch out frame 10, connecting rod 11 and balanced controls.Described balanced controls comprise stabilizer driven pulley 6, stabilizer driving wheel 7 and support wheel 8.
Wherein said balance driven pulley 6 and balance driving wheel 7 are a pair of, and symmetry is assemblied in kinematic system carrier two ends, and one end coordinates with cell panel edge, and the other end coordinates with supporting track; The material of stabilizer adopts the rubber of great friction coefficient, becomes " U-shaped " to take turns to coordinate with the raised item on supporting track better through machined into.Balanced controls are arranged on kinematic system both sides, and stretch out stabilizer 7,8 and coordinate installation with solar panel array 9, guarantee that the groove of stabilizer 7,8 is stuck in cell panel edge and supporting track.Stretch out frame 10 and be fixedly connected with solar panel array apparent motion system carrier 4, connecting rod 11 by stabilizer 7,8 with stretch out frame and be vertically connected.Being installed on the storage battery of kinematic system or electric energy that solar panel produces directly drives described motive power outputting apparatus 3 to come into operation, motive power outputting apparatus adopts stepping motor, output moment of torsion transferring power give be assemblied on solar panel with balance mid-wheel drive wheel 7 and support wheel 8, thereby solar panel array apparent motion system carries cell panel service equipment 5 and steadily advances, and then realize the maintenance to cell panel surface on battery board array surface 9.Described motive power outputting apparatus, transmission mechanism, balanced controls etc. are fixedly assemblied on kinematic system carrier.The start and stop of PLC control circuit to stepping motor, turn to rotating speed and control, thus realize solar panel array apparent motion system effectively, can be reverse, the advancing of variable-ratio.Thereby realize photovoltaic plant solar panel array surface on a large scale, portable maintenance.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of patent solar panel array apparent motion system pressure adjusting mechanism of the present invention.
Wherein Reference numeral is as follows: cell panel bracing frame 2, stabilizer driven pulley 6, stretch out frame 10, connecting rod 11.
Wherein said pressure Principles of Regulation as shown in Figure 3, are carried out force analysis according to X-Y coordinate system in Fig. 3, can meet following formula:
N=Gcosθ+N t?????(1)
In formula, N is solar panel surface pressing/N; G is solar panel array apparent motion system carrier gravity/N; N tfor pressure regulating mechanism provides pressure/N, regulate the frictional force of service equipment to cell panel surface in order to provide; θ is angle between solar panel and ground.According to frictional force computing formula, the frictional force f on cell panel service equipment and cell panel surface and cell panel service equipment and balancing weight gross weight to closing between cell panel surface pressing N are:
f=μN??????????(2)
Wherein, μ is cell panel skin-friction coefficient, can determine according to concrete cell panel material.Regulate the pressure between service equipment and cell panel surface according to formula (1) and (2), thereby improve cell panel surface cleaning effect.Simultaneously, in the situation that meeting above compute mode, solar panel array apparent motion system makes kinematic system carrier reach the object of automatic adjusting to the pressure on solar panel surface by manual interpolation balancing weight, and then make solar energy service equipment more effectively mutual with cell panel surface flexible, thereby realize to cell panel surface comprehensively, effectively safeguard.Because solar array long term exposure is under outdoor adverse circumstances, so have extremely strong adhesive force at the dirt of its surface attachment, therefore, in this case, the removing of solar panel surface contaminant is main task, in the concrete enforcement of cleaning systems, should carry out specificity analysis by above-mentioned operating mode, understands fully after formation reason, condition and the character of dirt, utilize kinematic system pressure adjustmenting mechanism to regulate the effective and reasonable ground reset mode of service equipment to dirt
Fig. 4 is the workflow diagram of the solar panel array apparent motion system maintenance solar panel surface array described in patent of the present invention.
According to the workflow described in figure, in the time cell panel surface being safeguarded to beginning, first different maintenance tasks is carried out the analysis in early stage, for example battery board array surface needs plate face to clean or the maintenance of plate face, and then selects suitable cell panel service equipment to be arranged on the equipment installation position of solar panel array apparent motion system carrier; Then in circuit control system, set according to different maintenance contents distance, speed, the direction that solar panel array apparent motion system is advanced; Then mounted movable system is on panel array, according to solar panel array apparent motion system pressure adjusting mechanism, and the convenient pressure of regulating cell plate service equipment and cell panel Surface Contact, maintenance task starts.In maintenance task process, the analysis of image data that kinematic system can be brought according to transducer is differentiated, thereby adjust the reciprocal maintenance times of kinematic system at cell panel surface array, and then reach optimum maintenance effects, realize the automated maintenance on solar panel array surface.If meet default mission requirements, finish the work, remove kinematic system and service equipment; If do not meet default mission requirements, redefine maintenance task, start again to safeguard and reach optimum state.

Claims (9)

1. a mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system, it is by supporting track (1), solar panel bracing frame (2), motive power outputting apparatus (3), kinematic system carrier (4), solar panel service equipment (5), stabilizer driven pulley (6), stabilizer driving wheel (7), support wheel (8), solar panel array (9), stretch out frame (10), connecting rod (11) composition, wherein solar panel array (9) is arranged on solar panel bracing frame (2), supporting track (1) is fixedly connected with solar panel bracing frame (2), the upper motive power outputting apparatus (3) of installing of kinematic system carrier (4), kinematic system carrier (4) both sides are symmetrical respectively installs a pair of support wheel (8) and stretches out frame (10), stretch out the upper symmetrical a pair of connecting rod (11) of installing respectively of frame (10), balance driven pulley (6) and balance driving wheel (7) are arranged on connecting rod (11), pass through chain at motive power outputting apparatus (3), sprocket wheel is to stabilizer driving wheel (7) outputting power.Balance driven pulley (6) and balance driving wheel (7) coordinate with solar panel array (9).Kinematic system drives solar panel service equipment (5) at panel array (9) apparent motion, thereby safeguards solar panel surface.
2. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the balanced controls that keep kinematic system balance on tilting panel array, distance between its stabilizer should be applicable to the width between solar panel edge and supplemental support track as far as possible, to guarantee, between the raised item on groove card solar panel edge and the supporting track of stabilizer, keeping steadily advancing of kinematic system.
3. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the fixing assembling of described supplemental support track and cell panel installing rack, and to support the easy motion of solar panel array apparent motion system.
4. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cell panel service equipment is fixed in solar panel array apparent motion system, along with solar panel array apparent motion system is advanced on solar panel array, and then to solar panel surface maintenance and clean.
5. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solar panel array apparent motion system is by the control of PLC circuit, realizing effectively, can be reverse, the motion of variable-ratio.
6. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described transmission device utilizes the parts such as sprocket wheel, chain and gear.Described motive power outputting apparatus adopts stepping motor.
7. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described counterweight is no more than 30Kg, so that solar panels can bear its weight.
8. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solar panel array apparent motion system has the structure of dust cover etc., to ensure the normal operation of the mechanisms such as inner transmission.
9. a kind of mobile solar energy battery board array surface kinematic system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power acquisition is with being various type, can provide storage battery for oneself and be installed on solar panel array apparent motion system carrier, also can directly supply with the electric energy that solar panels produce.
CN201410028864.4A 2014-01-08 2014-01-08 Mobile solar panel array surface movement system CN104158481A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104362967A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-18 苏州晟成光伏设备有限公司 Automatic solar panel sweeping machine
CN104467646A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-03-25 韩国海 Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device and transfer connection machine thereof
CN104617866A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-13 潘江如 Solar automatic cleaning device
CN105312292A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-02-10 富韦淇 Intelligent photovoltaic scavenging machine posture adjusting method
CN106026886A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-12 南京仁义机器人有限公司 Bridge device allowing photovoltaic power station cleaning robot to climb between assembly arrays
CN106330080A (en) * 2016-09-12 2017-01-11 深圳创动科技有限公司 Solar cell panel maintenance system and track thereof
CN106656014A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-10 深圳创动科技有限公司 Solar cell panel maintenance system and track devices therefor

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN102974557A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-20 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit
CN202860931U (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-04-10 河北科技大学 Solar panel automatic dust-removing system
EP2437001B1 (en) * 2010-10-01 2013-08-14 Manu Systems AG Service device for cleaning and maintenance of a solar panel arrangement

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2437001B1 (en) * 2010-10-01 2013-08-14 Manu Systems AG Service device for cleaning and maintenance of a solar panel arrangement
CN102671875A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-19 陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof
CN202860931U (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-04-10 河北科技大学 Solar panel automatic dust-removing system
CN102974557A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-20 上海工程技术大学 Photovoltaic battery panel pack cleaning device based on monorail travel unit

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104467646A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-03-25 韩国海 Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device and transfer connection machine thereof
CN104467646B (en) * 2014-11-24 2017-03-29 韩国海 Solar panel automatic cleaning device and its transhipment connection machine
CN104362967A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-02-18 苏州晟成光伏设备有限公司 Automatic solar panel sweeping machine
CN104362967B (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-10-26 苏州晟成光伏设备有限公司 A kind of solar panels automatic sweeping machine
CN104617866A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-13 潘江如 Solar automatic cleaning device
CN105312292A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-02-10 富韦淇 Intelligent photovoltaic scavenging machine posture adjusting method
CN105312292B (en) * 2015-09-22 2018-05-08 富韦淇 Intelligent photovoltaic scavenging machine attitude adjusting method
CN106026886A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-12 南京仁义机器人有限公司 Bridge device allowing photovoltaic power station cleaning robot to climb between assembly arrays
CN106330080A (en) * 2016-09-12 2017-01-11 深圳创动科技有限公司 Solar cell panel maintenance system and track thereof
CN106330080B (en) * 2016-09-12 2018-09-25 深圳创动科技有限公司 Solar panel maintenance system and its track
CN106656014A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-10 深圳创动科技有限公司 Solar cell panel maintenance system and track devices therefor
CN106656014B (en) * 2016-12-30 2018-05-29 深圳创动科技有限公司 Solar panel maintenance system and its rail set

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Application publication date: 20141119

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