CN104467646B - Solar panel automatic cleaning device and its transhipment connection machine - Google Patents

Solar panel automatic cleaning device and its transhipment connection machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104467646B
CN104467646B CN201410683247.8A CN201410683247A CN104467646B CN 104467646 B CN104467646 B CN 104467646B CN 201410683247 A CN201410683247 A CN 201410683247A CN 104467646 B CN104467646 B CN 104467646B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
frame
solar panel
mobility framework
wheel
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CN201410683247.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104467646A (en
Inventor
韩国海
何萍
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韩国海
何萍
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Priority to CN201410683247.8A priority Critical patent/CN104467646B/en
Publication of CN104467646A publication Critical patent/CN104467646A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104467646B publication Critical patent/CN104467646B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A kind of effect is good, without water and can be adapted to solar panel automatic cleaning device and the connection machine by the device transhipment that large-sized solar electric station uses, its by mobility framework, be arranged in the mobility framework and the cleaning mechanism and control system of reciprocal or shuttling movement can constitute along one frame of the mobility framework, mobility framework can be erected at the top of horizontal row formula solar panel group and can move back and forth along the long side direction of the solar panel group, and the frame face of mobility framework is parallel with the solar panel group surface.The device can make solar panel clean process automation, simple, efficiently, and be capable of achieving anhydrous cleaning;Cleaning process remote monitoring and control are capable of achieving also;Can be under various weather and orographic condition, realizing high-quality, clean with high reliability;Can also provide a kind of for the portable anhydrous automatic cleaning apparatus of multiple rows of solar panel group;The device be suitable for it is all existing and it is newly-built into solar photovoltaic power plant.

Description

Solar panel automatic cleaning device and its transhipment connection machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automated cleaning technical field, more particularly to a kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device And its transporter.
Background technology
Into new century since, solar energy power generating is increasingly paid attention to by people as one of main green energy resource And be widely used.But in the practical application of solar energy power generating, solar panel is typically mounted at sunshine fully, few The area of rain, such as China central and west regions, most solar power station are located at desert area, and drought, dust storm are larger, ash Dirt granule can fall in surfaces of cell, get off for a long time, can cover last layer dust, and winter is also disturbed by ice and snow, on the one hand meeting The absorbance of light, and then the amount of radiation that impact assembly surface is received are affected, so as to reduce generating efficiency.The loss of energy, In some cases, more than 40% can be reached.Another aspect pollutant form shade can make component produce hot spot effect, cause There is the situation that decay is even burnt in component, it is therefore desirable to which Jing is often cleaned.
Manual cleaning is presently mainly relied on, substantial amounts of water, and inefficiency is not only consumed, is also damaged sometimes solar energy The surface of cell panel, therefore, large-scale application solar electrical energy generation is restricted.Moreover water is in short supply in desert area, cleaned with water Solar panel is a big obstacle of solar energy industry.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of effect it is good, can without water and be adapted to large-sized solar electric station The solar panel automatic cleaning device for using and the connection machine by the device transhipment.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
The present invention solar panel automatic cleaning device, its by rectangular mobility framework, be arranged on the movable frame On frame and can or shuttling movement reciprocal along the direction of one frame of mobility framework cleaning mechanism and control system composition, its In,
The mobility framework can be erected at by some groups of solar panels being obliquely installed to adjoin and phase arranged side by side up and down The top of the horizontal row formula solar panel group that the mode of connecing is constituted simultaneously can be reciprocal along the long side direction of the solar panel group Mobile, the frame face of the mobility framework is parallel with the solar panel group surface;
Cleaning member in the cleaning mechanism is pointed to the solaode below with the motion of cleaning mechanism The surface of plate group carries out brush and sweeps;
The control system includes the first mechanism for ordering about mobility framework movement, the second machine for ordering about cleaning mechanism movement Structure, order about cleaning member and carry out the 3rd mechanism and PLC technology unit and some limit sensors of brushing operation.
The solar panel group upper limb and lower edge position be provided with and prolong along solar panel group leader's edge direction The rectangular guide rail of the cross sectional shape stretched, is respectively provided with least in the outside upper and lower position of the left frame and left frame of mobility framework One group is fixed in the scroll wheel groups on left frame or left frame by support member, and every group of scroll wheel groups are provided with two rollers, respectively For upper wheel and side wheel, each roller is connected with described support member by fulcrum, and upper wheel is placed on guide rail and upper with guide rail Surface touches, and side wheel is placed in the outside of guide rail and is touched with the lateral surface of guide rail, and upper wheel and side wheel are under the driving of the first mechanism Roll along guide rail;The first described mechanism is fixed in the motor on the mobility framework frame, the motor for casing Rotating shaft be connected with the upper wheel or side wheel that are arranged in mobility framework described in one of them and order about wheel or side wheel on this and drive and move Dynamic framework movement.
The cleaning mechanism includes rectangular-shaped cleaning frame member and the cleaning member in cleaning frame member, at this The outside upper and lower position of the left frame and left frame of cleaning frame member is respectively provided with least one set and is connected to cleaning frame member by fulcrum Scroll wheel groups on left frame or left frame, every group of scroll wheel groups are provided with two rollers, respectively foreign steamer and lubrication groove, and foreign steamer is placed in Touch on mobility framework and with the upper surface of the left frame or left frame of mobility framework, lubrication groove be placed under cleaning frame member and with The medial surface of the left frame or left frame of mobility framework is touched, the driving lower edge mobility framework of foreign steamer and lubrication groove in the second mechanism Upper and lower rolling;The second described mechanism is the hoisting mechanism being installed on the mobility framework upper side frame, and the hoisting mechanism is by rolling up Motor, winding drum and at least two cables being wrapped on winding drum are raised, described cable one end is fixed on winding drum, and which is another End is connected to the upper side frame of the cleaning frame member, and the elevator Motor drive winding drum rotates and tightens up or discharge described electricity Cable, the cleaning frame member are tightened up or discharge and move up or down along the mobility framework with the cable.
The cleaning member is that at least one be connected across between the left frame and left frame of the cleaning frame member is rotatable Cleaning round brush, the fulcrum for cleaning round brush two ends is inserted in the bearing being arranged on left frame and left frame, the 3rd machine Structure is to be arranged on cleaning frame member frame the round brush motor that cleaning round brush can be driven to rotate.
The cleaning round brush is made up of roll body and flexible cleansing tablet, and it is made that the flexible cleansing tablet knits material by elastic fiber, It is provided with the roll body periphery wall along its some axially extending guide groove cavity, is provided with the root of the flexible cleansing tablet The center rail that the flexible cleansing tablet and the roll body can be quickly connected and be placed in the guide groove cavity.
Described cleaning mechanism is that the conveyer belt being arranged in mobility framework transmits described on belt surface with being fixed in Cleaning member;Tension force post being provided with the upper end of mobility framework, motorized motions post being provided with its lower end, the conveyor belt loop is wound on institute State between tension force post and motorized motions post and the shuttling movement under the driving of motorized motions post;The cleaning member is Fast Installation Transmission belt surface on the made flexible cleansing tablet of material is knitted by elastic fiber.
Several some guide groove cavitys extended along its bandwidth direction are provided with the surface of the conveyer belt, in the flexibility The root of cleansing tablet is provided with the center rail that can be placed in the guide groove cavity.
Serve as reasons the orientation air stream flow direction that the cleaning member is produced when sweeping to solar panel group surface brush The oblique upper Jing solar panel groups surface of cleaning member flows to the obliquely downward of cleaning member.
Solar panel in the connection machine for shifting solar panel automatic cleaning device of the present invention is automatic Cleaning device is aforesaid solar panel automatic cleaning device of the invention, its by little kickstand, dolly can be made along being laid on Drive mechanism that guiding mechanism in the ranks by horizontal row formula solar panel group side moves back and forth, can pacify located at car top Put the solar panel automatic cleaning device bearing frame and be arranged between bearing frame and little kickstand by connecting rod machine The lifting variable-angle system of structure composition and in the ranks controller composition, being additionally provided with bearing frame can make the solar panel certainly Mobility framework in dynamic cleaning device is moved automatically into and positions the positioning and guiding rail of placement, is additionally provided with described in making on the connection machine The measurement apparatus that solar panel automatic cleaning device is connected with horizontal row formula solar panel group para-position to be cleaned.
The controller in the ranks includes embedded microprocessor, data storage device, Ethernet interface and touch display Terminal.
Compared with prior art, device of the invention can make the solar panel cleaning process in solar panel group It is automatization, simple, efficiently, and it is capable of achieving anhydrous cleaning;Cleaning process remote monitoring and control can also be realized;Can with Under various weather and orographic condition, high-quality is realized, clean with high reliability;Can also provide a kind of for multiple rows of solar-electricity The portable anhydrous automatic cleaning apparatus of pond plate group;The device be suitable for it is all existing and it is newly-built into solar photovoltaic power plant.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the top view of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view in Fig. 1 along A-A.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view in Fig. 1 of the present invention along B-B.
Fig. 4 is the side sectional view of embodiment 2.
Fig. 5 is the side sectional view of connection machine of the present invention.
Reference is as follows:
Little kickstand 10, cleaning mechanism 20, lifting variable-angle system 30, control system 40, the solar panel group 50, sun Can cell plate group 50A, solar panel group 50B, in the ranks hoisting mechanism 60, guiding mechanism 70, cleaning frame member 101, big belt Wheel 102, foreign steamer 103, end cap 104, conductive shaft 105, bearing block 106, adapter 107, conduction brush 108, lubrication groove 109, bearing 111st, elevator drive system 112, elevator belt 113, winding drum 114, small belt pulley 115, sensor 116 and 117, cable 118, Locking mechanism 119, electric wire 121, cleaning round brush 201, rotary drive system 202, belt pulley 203, belt 204, flexible cleansing tablet 205th, direction of rotation 206, guide groove cavity 207, center rail 208, central shaft 209, mobility framework 301, support member 302, upper wheel 303rd, side wheel 304, driving wheel 305, travel driving motor 306, sensor 307 and 308, control unit 401, the power supply 402, sun Can cell panel 403, guide rail 501,501A, 501B, 502,502A and 502B, sunshade 503, motorized motions post 601, tension force post 602nd, support column 603, conveyer belt 604, positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702, connecting shaft point 703, bearing frame 704, support frame 705, Electric piston 706 and 707, support frame 708, guide rail 711, in the ranks wheel 712, controller 716, drive mechanism 718, main frame 719。
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
Solar panel automatic cleaning device of the present invention is applied to large-sized solar electric station, it is well known that solar energy The square formation of some row's solar panel groups 50 that electric station is arranged by time interval is constituted, and often arranges solar panel group 50 It is to be made up of with the mode of connecting side by side with adjoining up and down some pieces of solar panels again.The length of solar panel group 50 is arranged often Degree is up to several kilometers.The width range of solar panel group 50 at one meter to several meters, the sun in solar panel group 50 Energy cell panel is installed towards the sun and is fixed, and constitutes an inclination angle with ground.Make solar panel group 50 with upper limb with Edge, and the position of upper limb is higher than lower edge.
As Figure 1-3, the upper limb in solar panel group 50 parallel with lower edge is provided with a pair of guide rails 501,502.Institute State guide rail 501,502 to be made up of steel, glass fibre, other metals or nonmetallic materials, its cross sectional shape is generally rectangular shaped, circular Or inverted trapezoidal, the preferred rectangle of the present embodiment.Guide rail 501,502 can double as electric conductor, such as:Cable can be embedded in located at guide rail 501st, in the groove on 502, also can arrange along the outer surface of guide rail 501,502, the present invention preferably guide rail is conductive material system Into.
The cleaning device includes:Can be along the length direction (the L-R direction in Fig. 1) of the solar panel group 50 The mobility framework 301 moved on guide rail and 40 groups of the cleaning mechanism 20 being arranged in the mobility framework 301 and control system Into the cleaning mechanism 20 includes rectangular-shaped cleaning frame member 101 and the cleaning round brush 201 in cleaning frame member, described Control system 40 includes ordering about the first mechanism of mobility framework movement, orders about the second mechanism of cleaning frame member movement, orders about setting Cleaning round brush in cleaning frame member carries out the 3rd mechanism and PLC technology unit 401 and some spacing biographies of brushing operation Sensor.
The frame face of the mobility framework is parallel with 50 surface of solar panel group;
In the cleaning mechanism 20 cleaning round brush 201 with the motion of cleaning frame member 101 be pointed to below described in too The surface of positive energy cell plate group 50 carries out brush and sweeps.
Cleaning frame member 101 is in the mobility framework 301 along long side direction (the previous-next side in Fig. 1 of the mobility framework To) move back and forth.The cleaning frame member 101 supports at least one to clean round brush 201.Be configured so that so that clean round brush 201 can Along the width movement of the length direction and solar panel group of solar panel group 50.The mobility framework 301 is most It is made up of aluminium section bar well, but other materials such as steel or glass fibre can be used.Support member 302 is connected to mobility framework 301, for supporting mobility framework 301, wherein four support members 302 are shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, it is provided with each support member 302 Two rollers, respectively upper wheel 303 and side wheel 304, each roller are connected with support member 302 by fulcrum, and upper wheel 303 is placed in leads Touch on rail 501,502 and with the upper surface of guide rail, side wheel 304 is placed in the outside of guide rail 501.502 outside with guide rail Face touches.Upper wheel and side wheel are rolled in the driving lower edge guide rail of the first mechanism;The first described mechanism is fixed in described for casing The travel driving motor 306 that can be rotated with positive and negative direction on mobility framework frame.The rotating shaft of the travel driving motor 306 with set The upper wheel or side wheel being placed in mobility framework 301 described in one of them connects and orders about wheel or side wheel on this and (undertake driving effect Wheel 305) drive mobility framework also known as driving wheel, can be along the length direction of the solar panel group 50 (in Fig. 1 L-R direction) move on guide rail.
The travel driving motor 306 can be any kind of motor or the other systems that can produce power, such as one Individual direct current generator.When a motor is used as travel driving motor 306, the motor will carry encoder, can read the angle of the motor Position.Angle Position is converted into can determine that cleaning mechanism 20 with mobility framework 301 along solar panel group 50 by control system 40 Length direction (the L-R direction in Fig. 1) on the position moved.
Upper/lower terminal at the left and right two ends of the guide rail and mobility framework be all provided with spacing sensing device 307,308, 116th, 117, (as shown in Figure 1), the spacing sensing device can be limit switch or sensor, and its effect is to limit mobility framework 301 go upward to its left and right two ends, cleaning frame member 101 in guide rail goes upward to the limit position of its upper/lower terminal in mobility framework 301 Put.
The motor encoder of travel driving motor 306 can send restriction in real time and position signalling is sent to PLC technology list Unit 401, it is ensured that effective operation of the system.In some cases, the encoder can replace sensor 307 and 308, by compiling Code device determines the position of the position corresponding to sensor 307 and 308 of mobility framework 301, and PLC technology unit 401 is in industry Middle prior art, is not described in detail herein.
The cleaning frame member 101 is preferably made up of aluminium section bar, although other materials can also be used.To make cleaning frame member 101 smoothly can move in mobility framework 301, equally, in the outside upper and lower of the left frame and left frame of the cleaning frame member Put and least one set also is provided with such as the component of the support member, be provided with two rollers in every group of component, respectively foreign steamer 103 and interior Wheel 109, foreign steamer is placed on mobility framework and is touched with the upper surface of the left frame or left frame of mobility framework, and lubrication groove is placed in clearly Touch under clean framework 101 and with the medial surface of the left frame or left frame of mobility framework 301, foreign steamer and lubrication groove are described second The upper and lower rolling of driving lower edge mobility framework of mechanism.
With reference to Fig. 1, the second described mechanism is the hoisting mechanism 60 of the upper edge for being connected to mobility framework 301, the elevator Mechanism 60 includes one or more than one cables or rope 118 and winding drum 114, and cable 118 is connected to and is partially around On winding drum 114.114 Spin Control of winding drum winds or loosens cable 118, to drive cleaning frame member 101 along mobility framework 301 Move up and down.Winding drum 114 is driven by elevator drive system 112, the direct current generator that such as can be rotated with positive and negative direction.
Referring to Fig. 1,2, it is preferred that one end of two cables 118 is connected in 114 two opposite sides of winding drum winding or pine respectively Open, the top edge of the other end and cleaning frame member 101, be close between the central area of 101 top profile of cleaning frame member and be connected to one Rise.Every cable 118 can be similarly connected on winding drum 114 and cleaning frame member 101.When winding drum 114 turns in one direction When dynamic, the length of cable 118 shortens between winding drum 114 and cleaning frame member 101, makes cleaning frame member 101 in solaode Move up along mobility framework 301 on the width of plate group 50.When 114 direction of rotation of winding drum is conversely, the length of cable 118 It is elongated between winding drum 114 and cleaning frame member 101, make cleaning frame member 101 on the width of solar panel group 50 Move down along mobility framework 301.Connection angle between two cables 118 is by being set between winding drum 114 and cable 118 Fixed, the angle will ensure that the folding and unfolding proper alignment winding on winding drum 114 of cable 118.
Alternately, cable 118 can also be connected respectively to center and the cleaning frame member 101 of winding drum 114 Two opposite sides of upper profile.An angle will be also produced between cable 118 in the structure shown here, it is ensured that cable 118 is in elevator Folding and unfolding proper alignment winding on cylinder 114.
Other substitute motor system, make cleaning frame member 101 on the width of solar panel group 50 along movable frame Frame 301 moves up and down and is considered as within the scope of the present invention, substituting by a gear motor as one kind Timing pulley system of driving etc..
Fig. 3 shows hoisting mechanism 60, including winding drum 114 and is wrapped in rope or cable 118 on winding drum 114, Cable 118 is connected in cleaning frame member 101, as explained above from winding drum 114.Every cable 118 have conductive core and One insulating coating, and the cable of other structures and material also is adapted for the present invention.
Elevator drive system 112 receives the power output of the elevator drive system 112 by small belt pulley 115, passes through Elevator belt 113 bypasses small belt pulley 115 and the big belt pulley 102 being connected on the winding drum 114, drives and rotates elevator Cylinder 114, elevator drive system 112 include one can the dc motor that rotates of positive and negative both direction, i.e.,:Small belt pulley can be made 115 are rotated both clockwise and counterclockwise, and revolving force can pass through belt or The gear deceleration is delivered to elevator from elevator drive system 112 Cylinder 114.
Hoisting mechanism 60 also includes two conductive shafts 105 being arranged on corresponding bearing 111, by corresponding two axles Bearing 106 is supported.The bearing block 106 is secured to mobility framework 301, and a conductive shaft 105 in one end of winding drum 114 is worn End cap 104 is crossed, and big belt pulley 102 is passed through in the conductive shaft 105 of the other end of winding drum 114.
Conduction brush 108 is located at bearing block 106, and by adapter 107, transmits electric power to cable 118, even if winding drum During 114 rotation, it is also possible to provide electric power to the electric wire 121 for being connected to conduction brush 108 by control unit 401.
May also set up two elevator drive systems 112.In this case, end cap 104 changes a big belt pulley into, and big As belt pulley 102.
Locking mechanism 119 is alternatively provided in appropriate location locking cleaning frame member 101.Locking mechanism 119 employs electricity Magnetic coil, when the cleaning device return to storage berth, i.e., in upper position resting state when, will locking cleaning frame member 101.
The cleaning frame member 101 supports at least one, preferably multiple cleaning round brush 201, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, cleaning Framework 101 supports two cleaning round brush 201, and each cleaning round brush 201 is connected to cleaning by respective central shaft 209 and bearing Framework 101, so that cleaning round brush 201 is rotated in cleaning frame member 101.
3rd mechanism is the rotary drive system 202 for being connected to the cleaning frame member 101, rotary drive system 202 There is provided power to drive cleaning round brush 201.Rotary drive system 202 includes a direct current generator, or using other kinds of Motor or power source.Electric power is provided from above-mentioned cable 118 to rotary drive system 202, rotates cleaning round brush 201.It is described clear The direction of the rotation of clean round brush 201 is identical, and as shown in direction of rotation 206 in Fig. 2, cleaning frame member 101 is along mobility framework 301 to moving down Move preferably as the direction of rotation.Belt pulley 203 is connected on rotary drive system 202, is wound on belt pulley 203 with belt 204 On cleaning round brush 201.202 driving belt pulley 203 of rotary drive system rotates so that belt 204 is moved, and drives cleaning rolling again Brush 201 rotates.Belt 204 can by polyurethane into, it is possible to be circular, but it is also possible to using other types of belt shape Shape, such as V band or Timing Belt, and use other materials.
Preferably, there are two cleaning round brush 201, but the single cleaning round brush 201 of same available only one of which or have three Individual or multiple cleaning round brush 201.
In addition, in the present embodiment, the roll body of the cleaning round brush 201 has substantially octagonal shape, such as Fig. 2 institutes Show.Other shapes, such as cylinder, square, hexagon and other any planes or polygonal shape can also be used.Every On the outer surface of individual cleaning round brush 201, one or more flexible cleansing tablets 205 are connected on cleaning round brush 201.The cleaning rolling The roll body of brush 201 is the octagonal post with 8 guide groove cavitys 207, and flexible cleansing tablet 205 wraps center rail 208, center Guide rail 208 can be connected with flexible cleansing tablet 205 or become single element.Each flexible cleansing tablet 205 wraps phase Quick-connect machanism is constituted during the guide groove cavity 207 of corresponding cleaning round brush 201 can be slides quickly into after the center rail 208 answered, And be fixed in guide groove cavity 207, such as by appropriate locking mechanism:Locking mechanism may include at least one flexible sides O-ring. So, using quick connector, maintenance personnel for convenience, during routine cleaning flexibility cleansing tablet 205 can easily from Take out in the guide groove cavity of cleaning round brush 201 and clean them, then slip into back again again and be connected with cleaning round brush 201.
Each cleaning round brush 201 installs four flexible cleansing tablets 205 in fig. 2, when cleaning frame member 101 is moved down, Flexible cleansing tablet 205 with cleaning round brush 201 move down, rotate generation one orient air stream so that air stream it is inclined too 50 surface of positive energy cell plate group produces the effect that air blows downwards, blows the dust granules of solaode plate surface off;It is flexible clear The Outboard Sections of clean 205 and 510 surface touch of solar panel so that the Outboard Sections of flexible cleansing tablet 205 are being inclined 50 surface of solar panel group produce the effect for cleaning downwards, wiping, remove the dirt and dirt of solaode plate surface Angstrom granule, and clean without using water.
When the rotation of round brush 201 is cleaned, by the centrifugal force that generation is rotated along with cleaning round brush 201, will be with center rail The flexible cleansing tablet 205 of 208 connections is extrapolated.Fig. 2 shows the cleaning round brush 201 for being mounted with four flexible cleansing tablets 205, when clear Clean round brush 201 has eight guide groove cavitys 207, and from one to eight, any other number can make flexible cleansing tablet 205 With.The flexible cleansing tablet 205 can be made up of fabric, and preferred fabric is ultra-fine with durable speciality by generally acknowledged specialty cleaning Fabric lining.Superfine fibre fabric is very soft, without compromising on the surface of solar panel.Other fabrics and/or material are also Feasible.To be suitable for wet type cleaning equipment, the flexible cleansing tablet 205 should be by made by different materials or fabric.
Flexible cleansing tablet 205 and cleaning round brush 201 between have quick linkage function, as described above, be easy to it is easy and fast Speed is replaced and cleaned flexible cleansing tablet 205, allows them to be periodically cleaned.Above-mentioned preferably quick connection description only lists one Kind of mode, for connecting flexible cleansing tablet 205 to cleaning round brush 201 and other kinds of flexible cleansing tablet and cleaning round brush Quick connection between 201 is also considered as the part of the present invention, such as nylon fastener belt (VELCRO band), slide fastener etc..
Control system 40 also includes power supply 402, and power supply 402 is powered for the cleaning device, such as one or more rechargeable batteries Deng.PLC technology unit 401 controls the operation operation of the cleaning device, including by various motor control cleaning mechanisms 20 Operation and motion.Power supply 402 can also include one group of solar panel 403 being arranged in mobility framework 301.Solar-electricity Pond plate 403 is designed on daytime and when solar rayss are received, and is that any battery of power supply 402 is charged.Power supply 402 and too Positive energy cell panel 403 is connected in mobility framework 301, can be moved on the guide rail 501,502 with the mobility framework.
In the preferred embodiment, most times, the solar panel automatic cleaning device of the present invention park In the storage berth for being arranged at the guide rail 501,502 high order ends or low order end, in order to prevent exposure in sunshine, in the storage berth It is additionally provided with the sunshade 503 that cleaning mechanism 20 can be sheltered from.Now, solar panel 403 can charge to power supply 402.
When automatic cleaning apparatus are parked in storage berth, once receiving starting or during initiation command, control unit 401 to Elevator drive system 112 provides control signal, and the release winding drum 114 of locking mechanism 119 controls cleaning frame member 101 in solar energy Move down along mobility framework 301 on the width of cell plate group 50.Cleaning frame member 101 moves down speed depending on following Condition:The specification at the inclination angle, the weight of cleaning frame member 101 and cleaning round brush 201 of solar panel group 50.Electric condition can Be it is following one or more:112 voltage of elevator drive system and polarity are supplied to, the motor of elevator drive system 112 is short Under line state as brake power generating machine operation, the motor of elevator drive system 112 is under specific load as brake power generating The operation of machine.When as generator operation, with a kind of special electronic circuit, its sending out the elevator drive system 112 Electrical power is converted into a sufficiently high voltage and can be charged to the battery in the power supply 402 being connected with it, and this structure can be with Save required energy to operate cleaning device.All these electric conditions are designed to control the decline of cleaning frame member 101 Speed, is the part of the present invention.
When cleaning frame member 101 starts to move downward, control unit 401 is driven to rotation with certain polarity by cable 118 Dynamic system 202 is powered, and drives cleaning round brush 201 to rotate at a predetermined rate and in the desired direction, and flexible cleansing tablet 205 is with clear Clean round brush 201 is moved down, rotates one orientation air stream of generation so that air stream is produced on inclined 50 surface of solar panel group The effect that raw air blows downwards, blows the dust granules of solaode plate surface off;The Outboard Sections of flexible cleansing tablet 205 with too Positive energy cell panel surface touch so that the Outboard Sections of flexible cleansing tablet 205 are produced on inclined 50 surface of solar panel group The raw effect for cleaning downwards, wiping, removes the dirt and dust granules of solaode plate surface, and cleans without using water.
When cleaning frame member 101 reaches the lower edge of mobility framework 301, it is single that sensor 117 sends signal to control Unit 401, sending order from control unit 401 stops the motor of elevator drive system 112, starts travel driving motor 306 The signal rotation is responded, driving mobility framework 301 moves right along 50 length direction of solar panel group and (with Fig. 1 papers is Reference direction).During the motor operation of travel driving motor 306, the encoder of the motor produces pulse.When predetermined number arteries and veins When punching reaches, sending order from control unit 401 stops travel driving motor 306.The number and movable frame of encoder pulse Frame 301 is corresponding along the predeterminable range that 50 length direction of solar panel group is moved, and this preset distance is than the cleaning rolling The width of brush 201 is few several centimetres, to guarantee the minimum overlay between cleaning cycle.
During the operation of travel driving motor 306 and mobility framework 301 are moved along 50 length direction of solar panel group, Rotary drive system 202 preferably continues its operation, rotates the cleaning round brush 201 of connection flexibility cleansing tablet 205, carries out self Cleaning.
When mobility framework 301 reaches default stroke distances, sending order from control unit 401 makes travel driving motor 306 and rotary drive system 202 motor stop, making elevator drive system 112 start winding drum 114 by predetermined direction rotate, Cable 118 shortens, and cleaning frame member 101 is moved up along mobility framework 301 on the width of solar panel group 50, When cleaning frame member 101 reaches the upper end-face edge of mobility framework 301, sensor 116 sends signal to control unit 401, New order is sent from control unit 401 makes elevator drive system 112 start downward motor pattern, make cleaning frame member 101 to Lower movement, the automatic cleaning apparatus start next new cleaning circulation.
Once the automatic cleaning apparatus reach the right part of 50 length of solar panel group (with Fig. 1 papers for reference side To), sensor 308 sends signal to control unit 401, and the electricity of travel driving motor 306 and rotary drive system 202 Machine stops, in the beginning of last cleaning cycle that this side up.When last circulation is completed, the automated cleaning is filled Put and may be selected to start the above-mentioned cleaning process of backhaul direction repetition, until the automatic cleaning apparatus reach its storage berth.This Repeated washing process is optional.
In some cases, along the moving process of 50 length direction of solar panel group, control is single for mobility framework 301 Unit 401 can control cleaning frame member 101 and move down so that the cleaning round brush 201 in cleaning frame member 101 produce it is right Angle cleaning path, during the cleaning, the final stage that cleaning frame member 101 is moved down, diagonal motion are particularly advantageous clear Clean.
Control system, sensor and the encoder being made up of control unit 401 is all very known technology, therefore, it is For the sake of simple, their description is omitted.
When control unit 401 triggers an order, the order will start the cleaning process of automatic cleaning apparatus.This order Can come from a cleaning time table for pre-setting or the order initiated by solar power station control centre.Solar power station can Including some row's solar panel groups, each solar panel group one automatic cleaning apparatus of correspondence, it would however also be possible to employ A few row's solar panel groups share a connection machine (tool for the connection machine by the transfer of the present invention automatic cleaning apparatus Chat after body technique scheme) it is automatically fed into next row solar panel group and completes related clean up task.Each automatic clearing apparatus There are address and the position code of its own.
Trigger command is independent system, and each automatic cleaning apparatus can be with independent.Solar power station control centre Optionally continuously monitor the output of solar panel group 50, the position of each cleaning device and can optionally detect any The technical problem of automatic cleaning apparatus.
Optionally, the cleaning process can be such as local by a control unit control for receiving multidate information factor Weather conditions, sandstorm and other factors, the output of the solar panel in solar panel group 50 is produced Adverse effect.These factors are taken into account, to trigger cleaning process, or for cleaning the timetable of solar panel.So Information typically provide from the various servers for being connected to described control unit, the description thereof will be omitted for simplicity for here.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figure 4, the present embodiment difference from Example 1 is:
The cleaning frame member 101 being not provided with the mobility framework 301 described in embodiment 1, but arranged by outer surface There is the closure conveyer belt 604 of multiple superfine fibre flexibility cleansing tablets 205.
Tension force post 602 is provided with the upper end of mobility framework 301, motorized motions post 601, the conveyer belt is provided with its lower end 604 are looped around between the tension force post 602 and the driving post 601 and the shuttling movement under the driving of motorized motions post 601.Institute State tension force post 602 and necessary tension force is provided to conveyer belt 604, to move it.When conveyer belt 604 works, the direction of motion is the inverse time Needle movement (with Fig. 4 papers as reference direction), thus, drive flexible cleansing tablet 205 thereon is along solar panel group 50 The surface of solar panel move from top to bottom, in the case where flexible cleansing tablet 205 is touched, cleans, wipes and cleaned, be deposited on Dust on photovoltaic panel assembly surface is removed.
Between the tension force post 602 and motorized motions post 601, also some support columns 603, the support column 603 are situated between On conveyer belt 604 between mobile section and lower mobile section, which can support conveyer belt 604 and moves, and can be avoided on conveyer belt 604 again Mobile section is touched with lower mobile section inner face, so as to avoid flexible cleansing tablet 205 when cleaning, reduces cleaning effect.Flexible cleaning The material of piece 205 is identical with the flexible cleansing tablet in embodiment 1.Flexible cleansing tablet 205 is connected to the mode of conveyer belt 604, with The connection for flexible cleansing tablet 205 to cleaning round brush 201 in embodiment 1, using quick connected mode.
With regard to the power supply of automatic clearing apparatuss in above-mentioned two embodiment, including at least one rechargeable battery, it is best It is enclosed type accumulators, it is also possible to using other kinds of battery.When daytime, system was in resting position, the battery can lead to Cross solar panel 403 to charge, the cell panel 403 may be located at the diverse location along the automatic cleaning apparatus, and can Clean with artificial cleaning or by automatic clearing apparatuss itself.Also other methods, provide necessary for automatic cleaning apparatus Power supply.Such as:The output of existing power network or solar power station, can pass through conductor rail and make in similar train (railway) industry Mobile connector is sent to automatic clearing apparatuss, and all such supply units are all the parts of the present invention.
As shown in figure 5, the applicant have also been devised a cleaning device by the present invention by large-sized solar electric station A certain row's solar cell panel assembly is transformed into the connection machine of another row's solar cell panel assembly, thus can make large-sized solar All solar cell panel assemblies in electric station realize that automatization cleans.
The connection machine by little kickstand 10, can make dolly by the row's of being laid on formula solar panel group side in advance in the ranks It is drive mechanism 718 that guiding mechanism 70 moves back and forth, automatic located at the solar panel that can lay the present invention of car top The bearing frame 704 of cleaning device and the lifting variable-angle system being made up of linkage being arranged between bearing frame and little kickstand 30 and in the ranks controller 716 is constituted, be additionally provided with bearing frame can make mobility framework 301 in the automatic cleaning apparatus from The dynamic positioning and guiding rail 701,702 for moving into and positioning placement, being additionally provided with the connection machine makes the automatic cleaning apparatus and treats The photo-electric control mechanism of clean water flat-row type solar panel group para-position connection.
The controller in the ranks 716 includes embedded microprocessor, data storage device, Ethernet interface and touch aobvious Show terminal.
Fig. 5 shows two adjacent in front and back structure identical solar panel groups 50A, 50B in solar power station, The distance between on the outside of two guide rails 501A, 502A of front-seat solar panel group 50A, heel row solar panel group 50B Two guide rails 501B, 502B on the outside of the distance between with the present invention in two positioning and guiding rails 701,702 on the outside of between Distance it is identical, and, guide rail 501A, 502A, 501B, 502B are identical with the thickness of positioning and guiding rail 701,702.
The little kickstand 10 includes main frame 719, and main frame 719 is installed on four wheels 712, it is also possible to used Different number of wheel, the wheel 712 can be rolled on two guide rails 711 of the guiding mechanism in the ranks 70, make dolly Frame 10 can be moved along guide rail 711, and Fig. 5 only illustrates two wheels and a guide rail.In the ranks the guide rail 711 of guiding mechanism 70 extends base In sheet perpendicular to solar power station solar panel group length direction.Two guide rails 711 are the preferred amounts of guide rail, also may be used With using any number of track, or other types of path, such as:Path of concrete or the like can use.
Little kickstand 10 carries the automatic cleaning apparatus as described in Fig. 1-4.Driving on main frame 719 Mechanism 718 drives little kickstand 10 to move in former and later two directions along guide rail 711.The support frame 705 of lifting variable-angle system 30, 708 are arranged on main frame 719, and the electric piston 706 of lifting variable-angle system 30 is connected with support frame 705 and 708.Electronic work The action of plug 706 can change the height of the support frame 705 and the connecting shaft point 703 of support frame 708.Electric piston 706 Can also be substituted by a hydraulic piston or cable hoisting mechanism.The bearing frame 704 is connected to by the connecting shaft point 703 In support frame 705 and 708.The bearing frame 704 can be rotated around connecting shaft point 703, to change the angle with main frame 719. Another electric piston 707 of lifting variable-angle system 30 is connected with support frame 708 and bearing frame 704.Electric piston 707 it is dynamic Work can change the angle of the bearing frame 704 and main frame 719.Electric piston 707 can also be by a hydraulic piston or cable Hoisting mechanism is substituted.Positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702 is arranged on bearing frame 704, guide rail that can respectively with solar panel group 501 and 502 alignments, the guide rail 501A and 502A of solar panel group 50A, the guide rail of solar panel group 50B in such as Fig. 5 501B and 502B.Little kickstand 10 carries the automatic cleaning apparatus as described in Fig. 1-4, moves in original position or in the ranks When, the automatic cleaning apparatus as described in Fig. 1-4 are parked on the positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702 of bearing frame 704.
The data input provided by the sensor and encoder of the connection machine to controller 716 in the ranks, in the ranks controller 716 The automatic cleaning apparatus are controlled relative to the position in the three dimensions of solar panel group 50A and 50B.This is in industry On be it is well known that here is no longer illustrated.Power supply such as battery or external power are powered and be will not be described here.
In original position, the automatic cleaning apparatus of the present invention are the positioning and guiding rails of the bearing frame 704 for being parked in Fig. 5 systems On 701 and 702.The guide rail 501A and 502A of positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702 and solar panel group 50A is point-blank (i.e. such as the guide rail 501,502 of Fig. 1).Order is begun a clean up when receiving, the automatic clearing apparatuss are led from the positioning of bearing frame 704 Run to rail 701 and 702 towards the guide rail 501A and 502A of solar panel group 50A, when being separately operable in solaode When on the guide rail 501A and 502A (such as the guide rail 501 and 502 of Fig. 1) of plate group 50A, the cleaning frequency of solar panel group 50A Start.The cleaning frequency described herein, with reference to Fig. 1-4.Once the cleaning cycle of solar panel group 50A is completed, such as Positioning and guiding of the automatic clearing apparatuss of Fig. 1-4 from the guide rail 501A and 502A of solar panel group 50A towards bearing frame 704 Rail 701 and 702 refunds movement, until whole automatic cleaning apparatus stop on the positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702 for returning to bearing frame 704.
Now, in the ranks controller 716 sends an order to the drive mechanism 718 in Fig. 5, makes little kickstand 10 along in the ranks The guide rail 711 of guiding mechanism 70 is moved from solar panel group 50A towards solar panel group 50B, when arrival is near too It is positive can cell plate group 50B when, by the connection machine sensor and encoders monitor with regard to automatic cleaning apparatus and solar-electricity Between plate group 50B of pond, the precise information of relative position sends controller 716 in the ranks to.In the ranks 716 processing data of controller carry For operational order to drive mechanism 718, electric piston 706 and 707, level, height and the angle position of automatic cleaning apparatus are adjusted Put, until the positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702 of bearing frame 704 is aligned with the guide rail 501B and 502B of solar panel group 50B. Then provide beginning cleaning command, automatic clearing apparatuss are from the positioning and guiding rail 701 and 702 of bearing frame 704 towards solar-electricity The guide rail 501B and 502B movement of pond plate group 50B, and start the cleaning frequency of solar panel group 50B, such as Fig. 1-4 is herein It is described.Said process can be with the solar panel group of repeated any number.
Advantage such as Fig. 5 connection machines is that single automatic cleaning apparatus can clean multiple rows of solar panel group, is significantly subtracted Few cleaning cost often arranged.Further, since the connection machine is not to be fixed on a given position, can provide more flexible Property, as long as the position of space beside is enough.
As described above, the invention provides a kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device and method, has the advantage that:
1st, this will cause solar panel cleaning simple, efficient, and can select not using water, also without compromising on too The surface of positive energy cell panel;
2nd, this will be the cleaning process for causing the solar panel automatically and economical;
3rd, the cleaning solaode panel assembly needs minimum maintenance and monitoring cost;
4th, which can realize under conditions of all weathers and landform that high-quality is cleaned with high reliability;
5th, the applicable existing and newly-built solar power station of the system and solar energy equipment.
Above-described embodiment is the invention is not limited in, and is included in any and all enforcement in Claims scope Example.These embodiments are pointed out as an example, and what is carried out under the spirit and principle without departing from the present invention is each Plant and omit, replace, changing, be regarded as equivalent substitute mode, be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that:Its by rectangular mobility framework, be arranged on the shifting Direction on dynamic framework and along one frame of mobility framework is reciprocal or the cleaning mechanism and control system composition of shuttling movement, Wherein,
The mobility framework can be erected at by some groups of solar panels being obliquely installed to adjoin up and down and the side of connecting side by side The top of the horizontal row formula solar panel group that formula is constituted simultaneously can be moved back and forth along the long side direction of the solar panel group, The frame face of the mobility framework is parallel with the solar panel group surface;
Cleaning member in the cleaning mechanism is pointed to the solar panel group below with the motion of cleaning mechanism Surface carry out brush and sweep, the orientation air stream flow direction that the cleaning member is produced when sweeping to solar panel group surface brush It is the obliquely downward that cleaning member is flowed to by the oblique upper Jing solar panel groups surface of cleaning member;
The control system includes ordering about the first mechanism of mobility framework movement, orders about the second mechanism of cleaning mechanism movement, drives Cleaning member is made to carry out the 3rd mechanism and PLC technology unit and some limit sensors of brushing operation.
2. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the solaode The upper limb of plate group and lower edge position are provided with along the rectangular guide rail of the cross sectional shape of solar panel group leader edge direction extension, Least one set is respectively provided with the outside upper and lower position of the left frame and left frame of mobility framework left frame is fixed in by support member Or the scroll wheel groups on left frame, every group of scroll wheel groups are provided with two rollers, respectively upper to take turns and side wheel, and each roller passes through to prop up Axle is connected with described support member, and upper wheel is placed on guide rail and is touched with the upper surface of guide rail, and side wheel is placed in the outside of guide rail And touch with the lateral surface of guide rail, upper wheel and side wheel are rolled in the driving lower edge guide rail of the first mechanism;The first described mechanism is Casing is fixed in the motor on the mobility framework frame, the rotating shaft of the motor be arranged in mobility framework wherein Upper wheel or side wheel described in one connects and orders about wheel or side wheel drive mobility framework movement on this.
3. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cleaning mechanism includes Rectangular-shaped cleaning frame member and the cleaning member in cleaning frame member, in the left frame and left frame of the cleaning frame member Outside upper and lower position be respectively provided with least one set the scroll wheel on the left frame or left frame of cleaning frame member be connected to by fulcrum Group, every group of scroll wheel groups are provided with two rollers, respectively foreign steamer and lubrication groove, and foreign steamer is placed on mobility framework and and mobility framework Left frame or the upper surface of left frame touch, lubrication groove is placed under cleaning frame member and left frame or left frame with mobility framework Medial surface touch, the upper and lower rolling of driving lower edge mobility framework of foreign steamer and lubrication groove in the second mechanism;The second described mechanism is The hoisting mechanism being installed on the mobility framework upper side frame, the hoisting mechanism is by elevator motor, winding drum and is wrapped in elevator At least two cables on cylinder, described cable one end are fixed on winding drum, and its other end is connected to the upper of the cleaning frame member Frame, the elevator Motor drive winding drum rotate and tighten up or discharge described cable, and the cleaning frame member is with the cable Tighten up or discharge and move up or down along the mobility framework.
4. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The cleaning member be across At least one rotatable cleaning round brush being connected between the left frame and left frame of the cleaning frame member, cleans round brush two ends Fulcrum is inserted in the bearing on being arranged at left frame and left frame, and the 3rd mechanism can on cleaning frame member frame to be arranged on The round brush motor for driving cleaning round brush to rotate.
5. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The cleaning round brush is by rolling Body and flexible cleansing tablet are constituted, and it is made that the flexible cleansing tablet knits material by elastic fiber, on the roll body periphery wall is provided with edge Its some axially extending guide groove cavity, being provided with the root of the flexible cleansing tablet can be by the flexible cleansing tablet and the rolling The center rail that body quickly connects and is placed in the guide groove cavity.
6. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cleaning mechanism is The conveyer belt being arranged in mobility framework and the described cleaning member being fixed on transmission belt surface;In the upper end of mobility framework Tension force post being provided with, motorized motions post being provided with its lower end, the conveyor belt loop is wound between the tension force post and motorized motions post And under the driving of motorized motions post shuttling movement;The cleaning member is to be quick installed to transmit fine by elasticity on belt surface Dimension knits the made flexible cleansing tablet of material.
7. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:In the table of the conveyer belt Face is provided with some guide groove cavitys that several extend along its bandwidth direction, is provided with and can be blocked in the root of the flexible cleansing tablet The center rail being placed in the guide groove cavity.
8. a kind of connection machine for shifting solar panel automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that:The solaode Plate automatic cleaning apparatus are the solar panel automatic cleaning device any one of claim 1-7, and which is by dolly Frame, dolly can be made along being laid on the driving machine that the guiding mechanism in the ranks by horizontal row formula solar panel group side moves back and forth Structure, the bearing frame that can lay the solar panel automatic cleaning device located at car top and be arranged at bearing frame with it is little The lifting variable-angle system being made up of linkage between kickstand and in the ranks controller is constituted, being additionally provided with bearing frame can The mobility framework in the solar panel automatic cleaning device is made to be moved automatically into and position the positioning and guiding rail of placement, at this Being additionally provided with connection machine makes the solar panel automatic cleaning device with horizontal row formula solar panel group pair to be cleaned The measurement apparatus of position connection.
9. the connection machine for shifting solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: The controller in the ranks includes embedded microprocessor, data storage device, Ethernet interface and touch display terminal.
CN201410683247.8A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Solar panel automatic cleaning device and its transhipment connection machine CN104467646B (en)

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