CN102671875A - Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof - Google Patents

Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102671875A
CN102671875A CN2012101664941A CN201210166494A CN102671875A CN 102671875 A CN102671875 A CN 102671875A CN 2012101664941 A CN2012101664941 A CN 2012101664941A CN 201210166494 A CN201210166494 A CN 201210166494A CN 102671875 A CN102671875 A CN 102671875A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
solar energy
photovoltaic array
energy photovoltaic
guide rail
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CN2012101664941A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102671875B (en
Inventor
罗黎英
王培峰
朱金宝
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陕西长岭光伏电气有限公司
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Priority to CN2012101664941A priority Critical patent/CN102671875B/en
Publication of CN102671875A publication Critical patent/CN102671875A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of a solar PV (photovoltaic) array, and discloses a solar PV array cleaning system and a cleaning method thereof. The solar PV array cleaning system comprises an operating device and a main control box, wherein, the operating device is connected with the main control box; the operating device comprises a cleaning device, a main driving device, an auxiliary support driving device, a fixed installation chamber group, a slave guiding rail and a main guiding rail; the cleaning device is installed on the slave guiding rail; one end of the slave guiding rail is connected with the main driving device, and the other end of the slave guiding rail is connected with the auxiliary support driving device; the main guiding rail is installed on a base of the fixed installation chamber group; the fixed installation chamber group is installed on the front side of one side of the solar PV array; and the auxiliary support driving device is installed on the back side of the other side of the solar PV array. By adopting the technical scheme of the solar PV array cleaning system and the cleaning method thereof, real-time monitoring can be achieved, automatic cleaning can be achieved, and the conversion efficiency of the solar PV array can be improved.

Description

A kind of solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems and clean method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to photovoltaic array technique field, relate more specifically to a kind of solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems and clean method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the support of China to the regenerative resource industry development, especially to the support of solar energy power generating industry, large-scale photovoltaic plant is many local emergences of China.Solar energy distribution situation according to China; The Northwest, west and south region-by-region, area, Qinghai-Tibet Platean, the Inner Mongol are regional, North China etc. all has abundant solar energy resources; But building solar power station in these areas exists the dust storm dust bigger; Environmental drying is hot, and winter, severe cold accumulated snow was difficult for the problem of thawing.
When irradiation level at 400-1000W/m 2When changing in the scope, it is constant that the open-circuit voltage of solar module keeps basically, and the power of solar module and irradiation level are also in direct ratio basically.And draw according to the Primary Study result; Cover the dust of surfaces of cell or conversion efficiency that accumulated snow can make solar module with a toll of more than 5%; And the battery component of regional photovoltaic plants such as loess plateau, Tibet, Xinjiang of China Qinghai more is prone to by dust storm dust; Even accumulated snow covers, and has a strong impact on the generated energy in power station.
General solar photovoltaic power plant all be MW class other, the usage quantity of its battery component all more than the hundreds of thousands piece, and build solar power station locally not have abundant water resource mostly, artificial water cleans battery component and just seems reasonable inadequately.
Summary of the invention
For remedying above-mentioned defective, technical problem of the present invention is to propose a kind of solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems and clean method thereof, can realize real-time monitoring, and automated cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array improves solar energy photovoltaic array energy conversion efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme to be achieved.
Technical scheme one:
A kind of solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems is characterized in that said system comprises operating means and main control box, and said operating means is connected with said main control box; Said operating means comprises cleaning device, main drive, secondary support drive device, fixed installation cabin group, from guide rail and main guide rail; Said cleaning device is installed in said from guide rail; Saidly be connected with said main drive from guide rail one end; The other end is connected with said secondary support drive device; Said main guide rail is installed on the base of said fixed installation cabin group, and said fixed installation cabin group is installed in the front of said solar energy photovoltaic array one side, and said secondary support drive device is installed in the back side of said solar energy photovoltaic array opposite side.
The characteristics of technique scheme are with further improving:
(1), said cleaning device comprises the spraying machine that is used to root out the shovel of deposit on the solar energy photovoltaic array and is used to produce and discharge gas.
(2), said main drive comprises car body, L bracket, U-shaped support and circuit rails; One end of said L bracket is fixedly connected with car body; The other end of said L bracket is fixedly connected with being positioned at the slide block that fixedly mounts on the group top circuit track of cabin, and said U-shaped support is fixedly connected with said L bracket.
(3) front and back ends of said fixed installation cabin group covers contact block is housed respectively, and the forward and backward side of said U-shaped support is equipped with limit switch respectively.
(4), said cleaning device and arranged on left and right sides is equipped with contact-making switch respectively; Saidly limited block is housed respectively from the left and right two ends of guide rail.
(5), said system also comprises supervising device, said supervising device is connected with said main control box.
Technical scheme two:
A kind of solar energy photovoltaic array clean method is characterized in that said method comprises:
Step 1: behind the power supply of main control box making operation device, main drive and secondary support drive device driven in synchronism cleaning device are along cleaning the solar energy photovoltaic array from guide rail;
Step 2: when cleaning device moves to the right-hand member from guide rail, and contact with the limited block that is positioned at from the guide rail right-hand member, after main drive received contact information, the order cleaning device was reverse, by from the guide rail right-hand member to left end cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array;
Step 3: when cleaning device moves to the left end from guide rail, and contact with the limited block that is positioned at from the guide rail left end, after main drive received contact information, the order cleaning device suspended clean operation;
Step 4: main drive and secondary support drive device drive cleaning device synchronously and move one section preset distance along main guide rail to assigned direction; Above-mentioned steps two and step 3 are carried out in circulation successively then, have been cleaned up to the solar energy photovoltaic array.
The characteristics of technique scheme are with further improving:
(1), after the solar energy photovoltaic array has been cleaned, main drive and secondary support drive device drive cleaning device synchronously and get back to initial position along main guide rail.
(2), after the solar energy photovoltaic array has been cleaned, main drive sends feedback signal to main control box, main control box receives the data of the said operating means clean operation of record after this feedback signal, and turn-offs the power supply of said operating means.
(3), said cleaning device is to clean the solar energy photovoltaic array with rooting out or discharging gas with spraying machine.
When using cleaning systems of the present invention to clean; Only need power supply, promptly can realize the automated cleaning of solar energy photovoltaic array, in addition through main control box making operation device; Main control box of the present invention can be controlled some cover operating means; Every cover operating means cleaning one cover solar energy photovoltaic array, and main control box is connected with supervising device, can realize the real-time monitoring that operating means moves.Therefore, technical scheme of the present invention can realize real-time monitoring, and automated cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array improves solar energy photovoltaic array energy conversion efficiency.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment technical scheme of the present invention is done further explain.
Fig. 1 is a solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems module diagram in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is fixed installation cabin group and a main drive cross-sectional schematic in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is a cleaning device cross-sectional schematic in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3-A is the elasticity link cross-sectional schematic in the embodiment of the invention cleaning device;
Fig. 3-B is the horizontal cross-sectional schematic of leading screw fixed structure in the embodiment of the invention cleaning device;
Fig. 3-C is that cross-sectional schematic is looked on the left side of leading screw fixed structure in the embodiment of the invention cleaning device;
Fig. 4 is a secondary support drive device cross-sectional schematic in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is a solar energy photovoltaic array clean method schematic flow sheet in the embodiment of the invention.
Wherein, 101, fixed installation cabin group; 102, main drive; 103, main guide rail; 104, solar energy photovoltaic array; 105, main control box; 106, secondary support drive device; 107, from guide rail; 108, cleaning device; 109, supervising device; 201, shell; 202, circuit rails; 203, L bracket; 204, stuck-module; 205, U-shaped support; 206, first rotating shaft; 207, first drive motors; 208, gear; 209, wheel; 210, car body; 211, first driving-belt; 212, main guide rail gripper shoe; 213, car body protection side plate; 214, base; 215, fixed support plate; 216, axletree; 301, screw; 302, second drive motors; 303, air accumulator; 304, air accumulator supporting seat; 305, elasticity link; 306, cleaning brush/cleaning cloth; 307, shovel; 308, steam vent; 309, blast pipe; 401, U-shaped wheel carrier; 402, the 3rd drive motors; 403, fixed connecting plate; 404, holder; 405, U-shaped tube connector; 406, auxiliary drive wheels; 407, U-shaped guide rail; 408, second rotating shaft; 409, height adjustable ring; 410, first drive; A1, link; A2, spring; A3, sleeve pipe; B1, supporting seat; B2, bracing frame; B3, rotatable supporting member; B4, leading screw.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment of the present invention adopt leading screws from guide rail 107, the walking mechanism of cleaning device 108 adopts leading screw and screw.
In conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems comprise operating means, main control box 105 and supervising device 109, and operating means is connected with main control box 105, and main control box 105 is connected with supervising device 109, realize monitoring in real time; Operating means comprises cleaning device 108, main drive 102, secondary support drive device 106, fixed installation cabin group 101, from guide rail 107 and main guide rail 103; Cleaning device 108 is installed in from guide rail 107; Be connected with main drive 102 from guide rail 107 1 ends, the other end is connected with secondary support drive device 106; Main guide rail 103 is installed on the base of fixed installation cabin group 101, and fixed installation cabin group 101 is installed on the positive support of solar energy photovoltaic array 104 1 sides, and secondary support drive device 106 is installed on solar energy photovoltaic array 104 another laterodorsal supports.
In conjunction with accompanying drawing 2; Fixed installation cabin group 101 is a kind of modular units, repeats to be formed by connecting through multiple arrangement, can adapt to the solar energy photovoltaic array 104 of different in width flexibly; Fixed installation cabin group 101 comprises that the cross section is L shaped shell 201, circuit rails 202, base 214, drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap and car body protection side plate 213; Wherein, base 214 is installed on the solar energy photovoltaic array 104, and is concordant with the upper edge of solar energy photovoltaic array 104; Shell 201 be installed in base 214 above; Drive end bearing bracket is installed in the front end of base 214; Rear end cap is installed in the rear end of base 214; Car body protection side plate 213 is installed in the right side of base 214; And be positioned at circuit rails 202 under, shell 201, base 214, drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap and car body protection side plate 213 surround a zone that is used to lay and protect main drive 102 and main guide rail 103.Base 214 is installed in above the fixed support plate 215; Main guide rail 103 is installed on the base 214 through main guide rail gripper shoe 212, main drive 102 motion in the group 101 of fixed installation cabin.Circuit rails 202 is installed in the top of shell 201; It is a kind of guide tracked circuit coupling assembling; Circuit rails 202 comprises supply module link and communication module link; It connects corresponding assembly on circuit external and the main drive 102, can satisfy power supply and the communicating requirement of whole operation device under motion state.
Main drive 102 can move along main guide rail 103; Main drive 102 comprises car body 210, L bracket 203, U-shaped support 205 and stuck-module 204; Wherein, first drive motors 207 is housed on the car body 210, gear 208 engagements of the output of this first drive motors 207 and its below; First rotating shaft 206 is connected through first driving-belt 211 with the wheel 209 shared axletrees 216 of car body 210, and the wheel of car body 210 is positioned on the main guide rail 103; One end of L bracket 203 is connected with car body 210, and the other end of L bracket 203 is fixedly connected with slide block on being installed in circuit rails 202; U-shaped support 205 is fixedly connected with L bracket 203, and U-shaped support 205 is fixedly connected with left end from guide rail 107 through stuck-module 204; Stuck-module 204 1 ends are fixed on the movable U-shaped support 205; Stuck-module 204 other ends be fixedly connected from guide rail 107 left ends; Through regulating corresponding parts on the stuck-module 204, can adjust from guide rail 107 apart from solar energy photovoltaic array 104 surface height.
Two contact blocks also are housed on the main drive 102; And the front and back ends that these two contact blocks are installed on fixed installation cabin group 101 respectively covers; U-shaped support 205 forward and backward sides are equipped with limit switch respectively; The wheel 209 of car body moves along main guide rail 103, when two limit switches on the U-shaped support 205 respectively with after contact block that front and back ends covers contacts, main drive 102 will stop to move or reverse moving.
In conjunction with accompanying drawing 3 and accompanying drawing 3-A, accompanying drawing 3-B, accompanying drawing 3-C; Cleaning device 108 is cores of operating means; Cleaning device 108 cleans the surface of solar energy photovoltaic array 104 through multiple modes such as generation gases at high pressure; Cleaning device 108 comprises cleaning brush/cleaning cloth 306, second drive motors 302 and the elasticity link 305 of shovel 307, spraying machine, spade below, and wherein, shovel 307 is used to remove deposit on the solar energy photovoltaic array 104; Spraying machine is used for producing and seeing off gases at high pressure; Spraying machine comprises air compressor, air accumulator 303, air accumulator supporting seat 304, blast pipe 309, steam vent 308; Air accumulator 303 is installed on the air accumulator supporting seat 304, and the blast pipe 309 on the air accumulator 303 passes from the steam vent 308 on the spraying machine; The output of second drive motors 302 and screw 301 engagements that are positioned at from the guide rail 107; Elasticity link 305 comprises the sleeve A 3 of spring A2, protection spring A2 and is positioned at the link A1 at spring A2 two ends, and an end of elasticity link 305 links to each other with air accumulator supporting seat 304, the other end of elasticity link 305 with shovel 307 and be connected; The fixed structure that has the leading screw B4 of screw 301 comprises supporting seat B1, bracing frame B2 and rotatable supporting member B3, through rotatable supporting member B3 bracing frame B2 is fixed on the supporting seat B1, and supporting seat B1 is fixed on the fixed mount of second drive motors 302.
Cleaning device 108 and arranged on left and right sides are equipped with contact-making switch respectively; From guide rail 107 left and right two ends limited block is housed respectively; When cleaning device moves to from guide rail 107 left and right two ends; After limited block from guide rail 107 two ends contacts, according to the order of main drive 102, cleaning device 108 will suspend and move or reverse moving.
In conjunction with accompanying drawing 4; Secondary support drive device 106 is installed in the back side of solar energy photovoltaic array 104 1 sides; Move with main drive 102 driven in synchronism cleaning devices 108; Secondary support drive device 106 comprises the 3rd drive motors 402, U-shaped guide rail 407, accessory drives wheel 406, U-shaped wheel carrier 401, fixed connecting plate 403, holder 404; Wherein, First drive 410 that the drive of the output of the 3rd drive motors 402 and accessory drives are taken turns 406 shared second rotating shafts 408 is connected through driving-belt, and the left arm termination of U-shaped guide rail 407 is connected on the holder 404 that is positioned at solar energy photovoltaic array 104 back sides, and accessory drives wheel 406 can move on U-shaped guide rail 407; One end of U-shaped tube connector 405 is connected with the 3rd drive motors 402; The other end of U-shaped tube connector 405 is connected with right-hand member from guide rail 107; U-shaped tube connector 405 can be regulated from guide rail 107 apart from solar energy photovoltaic array 104 surface height through the height adjustable ring 409 of self.
Cleaning systems of the present invention also comprise fixing support rack; This fixing support rack is divided into two kinds; An a kind of end of fixing support rack fixes on the ground; The other end is installed in solar energy photovoltaic array 104 fronts, is connected with base 214 in the fixed installation cabin group 101, in order to fixing and support fixation cabin group 101 grades is installed and is positioned at the positive device of photovoltaic array 104; Another kind of fixing support rack is installed in solar energy photovoltaic array 104 back sides; Be connected with the supporting seat of secondary support drive device 106; In order to fixing and support the device that secondary support drive device 106 etc. is positioned at photovoltaic array 104 back sides; Fixing support rack is installed firmly in order to make, economic, coordination, can itself and solar photovoltaic bracket be linked together, and carries out supporting design and installation.
The fitting operation device at first will fixedly mount cabin group 101 and secondary support drive device 106 and be installed in respectively on the fixing support rack of front and back of solar energy photovoltaic array 104; Reinstall main drive 102, and main guide rail 103 is installed on the base 214 of fixed installation cabin group 101; Cleaning device 108 is installed then and from guide rail 107, and adjustment cleaning device 108 is to the distance of solar energy photovoltaic array 104 positive tops; At last mounted operating means is adjusted to the initial position state.
After installing operating means, it is linked to each other with main control box 105, the connecting and disconnecting of the circuit and the method for operation of the operating means that main control box 105 controls are coupled, main control box 105 is provided with clock controller, through the operation of time control operation device.Main control box 105 links to each other with supervising device 109 simultaneously, can realize remote real-time monitoring, and in the process of operating means operation, this operating means ruuning situation is followed the tracks of and write down to main control box 105.
When in use; Main control box 105 fill orders are moved the whole operation device; Main drive 102 drives cleaning device 108 synchronously with secondary support drive device 106 and on main guide rail 103, is moved to the back-end by the front end of solar energy photovoltaic array 104, and cleaning device 108 is moved to right-hand member by the left end from guide rail 107, when cleaning device 108 moves to from guide rail 107 right-hand members; After limited block from guide rail 107 right-hand members contacted, cleaning device 108 was oppositely by moving to left end from guide rail 107 right-hand members; When cleaning device 108 moves to from guide rail 107 left ends; After limited block from guide rail 107 left ends contacts; Main drive 102 drives cleaning device 108 after moving one section predeterminable range on the main guide rail 103 synchronously with secondary support drive device 106; This predeterminable range can be set to the width of a solar module, and cleaning device 108 continues cleaning should cover solar energy photovoltaic array 104.
During work; The 3rd drive motors 402 of secondary support drive device 106 rotates; Drive 410 motions of first drive, first drive 410 drives 406 motions of accessory drives wheel, makes accessory drives take turns 406 horizontal movements on U-shaped guide rail 407; The U-shaped tube connector 405 of horizontal movement simultaneously is connected with the right-hand member from guide rail 107, completion cleaning device 108 and from the process auxiliary drive of guide rail 107.
Main control box 105 is total fixedly control cabinets, can be installed between several solar energy photovoltaic arrays 104, can control some cover operating means simultaneously, every cover operating means cover solar energy photovoltaic array 104 capable of washing.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 5, specify the clean method of cleaning systems of the present invention, concrete steps are following:
S501: main control box 105 is connected communication with supervising device, realizes monitoring and control function;
S502: main control box 105 operation command, some operating means of being controlled are controlled;
Main control box 105 fill orders connect the power supply of a certain operating means of its control, and for this operating means sends action command, the operating means that receives order bring into operation; Operation through supervising device policer operation in real time device.
S503: main drive 102 is accepted the order of main control box 105 and is started working;
S504: initial position state adjustment;
Main drive 102 is the original state of adjustment whole operation device automatically.
S505: cleaning device 108 is moving from guide rail 107 from left to right, cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array;
In the process of cleaning device 108 cleaning solar energy photovoltaic arrays 104, accept and carry out the order of main drive 102 transmissions, mainly comprise generation and intermittently discharge gases at high pressure, after limited block contacts, carry out the order of main drive 102 transmissions.
S506: cleaning device 108 contacts with limited block from guide rail 107 right-hand members, and cleaning device 108 is reverse, moves cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array 104 by the right-hand member from guide rail to left end;
Cleaning device 108 moves to after limited block from guide rail 107 right-hand members contacts, and after main drive 102 receives contact information, sends control commands for cleaning device 108, make its oppositely by right-hand member to left end cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array 104.
S507: cleaning device 108 moves to limited block from guide rail 107 left ends and contacts, and cleaning device 108 suspends cleaning operations, and main drive 102 moves one section predeterminable range along main guide rail 103;
When cleaning device 108 moves to after limited block from guide rail 107 left ends contacts; After main drive 102 receives contact information; Cleaning device 108 suspends clean operation, and main drive 102 drives cleaning device 108 synchronously with secondary support drive device 106 and moves one section predeterminable range along main guide rail 103 to predetermined direction.
S508: main drive 102 moves to correct position, adjusts location status once more, cleaning device 108 beginning cleaning operations;
S509: cleaning device 108 by cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array 104 from guide rail 107 left ends to right-hand member, repeats above-mentioned cleaning course, up to having cleared up this solar energy photovoltaic array 104 once more; After having cleaned the solar energy photovoltaic array, cleaning device is got back to the original state position.
Main drive 102 is after receiving last activation signal; Promptly be installed in limit switch on U-shaped support 205 1 sides of main drive 102 with after contact block on being installed in fixed installation cabin group 101 rear end caps contacts; Main drive 102 drives cleaning devices 108 synchronously with secondary support drive device 106 and gets back to the initial position state along main guide rail 103, the limit switch that is installed in the U205 opposite side be installed in the contact block that fixedly mounts on group 101 drive end bearing brackets of cabin and contact and be original state.
After accomplishing certain cover solar energy photovoltaic array 104 cleaning; Main drive 102 sends feedback signal to main control box 105, receive feedback information after, main control box 105 is noted the related data of this this operation of operating means; And turn-off the power supply of this operating means, guarantee safety.
Main control box 105 is carried out next identical operations, all accomplishes cleaning operation up to the controlled operating means of some covers.
At some in particular cases, manual remote control operation device, such as, in order not allow solar energy photovoltaic array 104 surperficial accumulated snow, can manually clean and avoid ice and snow to be frozen on the solar energy photovoltaic array 104.
Technical scheme of the present invention can realize real-time monitoring, and automated cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array improves solar energy photovoltaic array energy conversion efficiency.In addition, solar photovoltaic bracket is installed and used at solar photovoltaic power plant in a large number, the monomer structure flexible design, and cleaning effect is reliable, can assemble with reusability by force, and adaptive capacity to environment is strong, and maintaining is simple and convenient.
The present invention also has numerous embodiments, in every case in spirit of the present invention and essential scope, any change of being done, is equal to replacement, improvement, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems is characterized in that, said system comprises operating means and main control box (105), and said operating means is connected with said main control box (105);
Said operating means comprises cleaning device (108), main drive (102), secondary support drive device (106), fixed installation cabin group (101), from guide rail (107) and main guide rail (103);
Said cleaning device (108) is installed in said from guide rail (107); Saidly be connected with said main drive (102) from guide rail (107) one ends; The other end is connected with said secondary support drive device (106); Said main guide rail (103) is installed on the base of said fixed installation cabin group (101); Said fixed installation cabin group (101) is installed in the front of said solar energy photovoltaic array (104) one sides, and said secondary support drive device (106) is installed in the back side of said solar energy photovoltaic array (104) opposite side.
2. solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said cleaning device (108) comprises the spraying machine that is used to root out the shovel (307) of the last deposit of solar energy photovoltaic array (104) and is used to produce and discharge gas.
3. solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said main drive (102) comprises car body (210), L bracket (203), U-shaped support (205) and circuit rails (202); One end of said L bracket (203) is fixedly connected with car body (210); The other end of said L bracket (203) is fixedly connected with being positioned at the slide block that fixedly mounts on cabin group (101) the top circuit track (202), and said U-shaped support (205) is fixedly connected with said L bracket (203).
4. solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that the front and back ends of said fixed installation cabin group (101) covers contact block is housed respectively, and the forward and backward side of said U-shaped support (205) is equipped with limit switch respectively.
5. solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said cleaning device (108) and arranged on left and right sides is equipped with contact-making switch respectively, saidly from the left and right two ends of guide rail (107) limited block are housed respectively.
6. solar energy photovoltaic array cleaning systems as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said system also comprises supervising device (109), and said supervising device (109) is connected with said main control box (105).
7. solar energy photovoltaic array clean method is characterized in that said method comprises:
Step 1: behind the power supply of main control box (105) making operation device, main drive (102) cleans solar energy photovoltaic array (104) with secondary support drive device (106) driven in synchronism cleaning device (108) edge from guide rail (107);
Step 2: when cleaning device (108) moves to from the right-hand member of guide rail (107); And contact with the limited block that is positioned at from guide rail (107) right-hand member; After main drive (102) receives contact information; Order cleaning device (108) is reverse, by cleaning solar energy photovoltaic array (104) from guide rail (107) right-hand member to left end;
Step 3: when cleaning device (108) moves to from the left end of guide rail (107), and contact with the limited block that is positioned at from guide rail (107) left end, after main drive (102) received contact information, order cleaning device (108) suspended clean operation;
Step 4: main drive (102) drives cleaning device (108) synchronously with secondary support drive device (106) and moves one section preset distance along main guide rail (103) to assigned direction; Above-mentioned steps two and step 3 are carried out in circulation successively then, have been cleaned up to solar energy photovoltaic array (104).
8. solar energy photovoltaic array clean method as claimed in claim 7; It is characterized in that; After solar energy photovoltaic array (104) had been cleaned, main drive (102) drove cleaning device (108) synchronously with secondary support drive device (106) and gets back to initial position along main guide rail (103).
9. solar energy photovoltaic array clean method as claimed in claim 7; It is characterized in that; After solar energy photovoltaic array (104) has been cleaned; Main drive (102) sends feedback signal to main control box (105), and main control box (105) writes down the data of said operating means clean operation after receiving this feedback signal, and turn-offs the power supply of said operating means.
10. solar energy photovoltaic array clean method as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, said cleaning device (108) is to root out or discharge gas with spraying machine with shovel (307) to clean solar energy photovoltaic array (104).
CN2012101664941A 2012-05-25 2012-05-25 Solar PV array cleaning system and cleaning method thereof CN102671875B (en)

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CN103444602A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-12-18 昆山市富众网络科技有限公司 Crab box with automatic cleaning function
CN104158481A (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-11-19 张波 Mobile solar panel array surface movement system
CN104161486A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 北京京东方能源科技有限公司 Washing device
CN104399682A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 许继集团有限公司 Intelligent decision pre-warning system for sweeping of photovoltaic power station components
CN105772470A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-07-20 曹立明 Cleaning device
CN107243465A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-10-13 北京化工大学 A kind of solar panel automatic snow removing device
CN108847815A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-20 文民杰 A kind of energy-saving solar plate clearing apparatus convenient for cleaning
CN109225989A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-01-18 张萍 It is a kind of for cleaning the maintenance device of solar panels
CN109499932A (en) * 2018-09-10 2019-03-22 杭州舜海光伏科技有限公司 A kind of cleaning equipment

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CN108847815A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-11-20 文民杰 A kind of energy-saving solar plate clearing apparatus convenient for cleaning
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