CN203170616U - Cleaning mechanism of dust removal device of solar cells - Google Patents

Cleaning mechanism of dust removal device of solar cells Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203170616U
CN203170616U CN 201320193320 CN201320193320U CN203170616U CN 203170616 U CN203170616 U CN 203170616U CN 201320193320 CN201320193320 CN 201320193320 CN 201320193320 U CN201320193320 U CN 201320193320U CN 203170616 U CN203170616 U CN 203170616U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
cleaning
solar panels
rag
support bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320193320
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龚恒翔
巫江
谢瑛珂
李江华
黄伟九
朱新才
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Chongqing University of Technology
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Chongqing University of Technology
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Publication date
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Priority to CN 201320193320 priority Critical patent/CN203170616U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203170616U publication Critical patent/CN203170616U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a cleaning mechanism of a dust removal device of solar cells. The cleaning mechanism of the dust removal device of the solar cells is characterized in that the cleaning device comprises a transverse beam transversely arranged above solar panels, the transverse beam is of a structure of a rotating shaft, two ends of the rotating shaft is rotatably supported on supporting seats through bearings, the support seat at one end of the rotating shaft is further provided with a rotating shaft motor which is used for driving the rotating shaft to rotate, and the outer surface of the rotating shaft is provided with bristles to form a rolling brush structure. A half-surrounded casing is further arranged above the rotating shaft, two sides of the casing are provided with a transverse scraper and a rag supporting bar, the lower surface of the rag supporting bar is provided with a rag strip which is used for erasing the dirt on the surfaces of the solar panels. The cleaning mechanism of the dust removal device of the solar cells has the advantages of being simple in structure and better in dust removal effect.

Description

A kind of cleaning mechanism of solar cell dust arrester
Technical field
The utility model relates to the solar cell dust arrester that is used on a kind of photovoltaic module solar cell the solar panels dedusting; Relate in particular to a kind of cleaning mechanism of solar panel dust arrester
Background technology
The construction unit of the photovoltaic generation that photovoltaic module is made up of solar battery sheet is commonly called as solar panels, is to utilize solar energy to produce the core component of electric energy at present.The main flow photovoltaic module is core with silica-based battery sheet all at present, and electricity conversion is the highest near 20%, about size of components maximum outside dimension 1m * 2m.
A large amount of production practices show that the photovoltaic module of open-air placement is in use for some time easily at pollutants such as the tired dusts of logical light area.The accumulation of dust significantly reduces the photovoltaic module luminous flux, and then significantly reduces the electric energy fan-out capability of photovoltaic module.Quantitative analytical test shows that the dust accretions of 4g/m makes photovoltaic module electric energy delivery efficiency reduce by 60%.What is more, and the dust of bulk or contaminant accumulation such as leaf, birds droppings etc., can produce the hot plate effect, cause the photovoltaic module localized regions of elevated temperature to be scrapped until burning.
In order to address the above problem, exist some can be to the technology of solar energy dedusting in the prior art, the disclosed a kind of solar panels dedusting snow flanger of China's application number CN201110289151.x for example, its structure comprises motor, the leading screw that links to each other with described motor, the crossbeam that is connected with described threads of lead screw, described leading screw is positioned at the top of described solar panels, described crossbeam is positioned at an end of described solar panels, described crossbeam below is provided with dedusting and/or snow-removing device, described crossbeam can be under the drive of motor, advances to the other end from an end of solar panels.Drive crossbeam along the walking of solar panels surface by motor by screw mandrel like this, the dust accumulated snow on solar panels surface etc. can be swept off.
There is following defective in above-mentioned this existing solar panels dedusting snow flanger: 1, crossbeam sweeps on solar panels back and forth, cause very quick-wearing of dedusting snow removal equipment easily, simultaneously cause some oarse-grained dusts to be mixed between snow removal equipment and the solar panels easily and driven back and forth, cause being difficult to clean out and damage solar panels when friction.2, the cleaning mechanism of existing dedusting snow removal equipment is that simple dust removal brush and stainless steel remove ice-lolly, and its cleaning effect is relatively poor, exists dedusting to be difficult for sweeping clean shortcoming.
The utility model content
At the problems referred to above and deficiency, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: how to provide a kind of dedusting cleaner, the cleaning mechanism of the better solar cell dust arrester of dust removing effects, simultaneously obtain a kind of longer service life based on this cleaning mechanism, dedusting is cleaner, the solar cell dust arrester little to the solar panels surface damage.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme.
A kind of cleaning mechanism of solar cell dust arrester, it is characterized in that, described cleaning mechanism comprises the crossbeam that is horizontally installed on the solar panels top, described crossbeam is the structure of rotating shaft, the rotating shaft two ends lean on the bearing rotating support on supporting seat, also be provided with on the supporting seat of rotating shaft one end for driving the rotating shaft electric motor that rotating shaft is rotated, described rotating shaft outer surface is provided with bristle and forms roller brushes structure.
Like this, cleaning mechanism drives round brush by rotating shaft electric motor and cleans, and can remove the solar panels surface dirt more effectively.
As the further optimization of cleaning mechanism, described rotating shaft one side also is set side by side with the L-shaped horizontal shovel in cross section, and horizontal shovel is used for rooting out round brush the place ahead bulky grain dirt; Described rotating shaft opposite side also is set side by side with the rag support bar, and rag support bar lower surface is provided with the rag bar be used to the solar panels surface contaminants of erasing.The height of its shaft, horizontal shovel and rag support bar rationally arranges, and when making work, the bristle lower end of rotating shaft below contacts with the solar panels upper surface, and the gap is left to avoid the scratch solar panels in horizontal shovel lower end and solar panels surface; Fit in rag bar and solar panels surface.After optimizing like this, can carry out three step cleanings, at first by horizontal shovel the bulky grain dirt (make a general reference bigger dirt, comprise leaf even bird manure deposits etc.) on solar panels surface be rooted out, make round brush to work better, damaged by the bulky grain dirt when avoiding round brush work.Clean by round brush then, round brush is the high speed rotation under the rotating shaft electric motor drive, can remove the solar panels most dirts in surface and dust, comprises shoveling the first time such as the residue after moving etc.Carry out last cleaning together by the rag bar more at last, the tiny dust in solar panels surface can be wiped, further improve cleaning effect.So just need not to make water and cleaning agent also greatly to improve cleaning effect, make its dedusting cleaner.
As cleaning mechanism one-step optimization again, described rotating shaft top also is provided with the housing of semi-surrounding formula, and the housing two ends are fixedly supported on the supporting seat, and described horizontal shovel and rag support bar removably are connected the both sides of housing.After optimizing like this, housing can block the dust of round brush, dust stratification on the round brush when avoiding not using, the cleaning effect the when cleaning of maintenance round brush can guarantee to use better; Realize being connected with support can be so that being connected and supporting stablely more and reliably of horizontal shovel and rag support bar have guaranteed the stability of horizontal shovel and the work of rag support bar horizontal shovel and rag support bar by housing simultaneously.Described removably connecting can make things convenient for the replacing of horizontal shovel and rag support bar simultaneously.During concrete enforcement, can lean on two row's bolts arranged side by side to realize removably connecting of horizontal shovel and rag support bar and housing.
In sum, than prior art, cleaning mechanism of the present utility model need not water and cleaning agent when using, have simple in structure, the better advantage of dust removing effects.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of perspective view that has adopted this device of solar cell dedusting of the utility model structure.
Fig. 2 is from overlooking the structural representation of direction among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the A-A view of Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with a kind of solar cell dust arrester and accompanying drawing of the utility model structure of having adopted the utility model is described further.
During concrete enforcement, as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 4, a kind of solar cell dust arrester that adopts the utility model cleaning mechanism, comprise the crossbeam that is horizontally installed on solar panels 1 top, crossbeam is provided with the cleaning mechanism for the cleaning solar panels, the two ends of crossbeam are connected on the supporting seat 2, supporting seat 2 belows are provided with nut 3, nut 3 cooperates formation feed screw nut transmission with the screw mandrel 4 that is arranged at the solar panels side, screw mandrel 4 ends are connected with lead screw motor 5, lead screw motor 5 is fixed in solar panels 1 and is used for driving screw mandrel 4 rotates, wherein, also be provided with cross-rail-elevating mechanism, described cross-rail-elevating mechanism comprises that lateral fixation is arranged at the gripper shoe 6 of nut 3 tops, has the arc-shaped through-hole 7 that is bent upwards on the gripper shoe 6, arc-shaped through-hole 7 one end positions are higher than the other end, crosswise fixed is provided with support bar 8 on described supporting seat 2 sides, support bar 8 passes arc-shaped through-hole 7 versatilely and forms and supports, cross-rail-elevating mechanism also comprises two position-limited racks 9 that are arranged at the screw mandrel end positions, and described position-limited rack 9 has one and extends to screw mandrel 4 middle parts and over against supporting seat 2 being used for of arranging part spacing to supporting seat 2.Wherein, also be provided with tension spring 10 in the described cross-rail-elevating mechanism, tension spring 10 1 ends are connected on the support bar 8, tension spring 10 other ends be connected on the gripper shoe 6 and the direction of pull of tension spring opposite with arc-shaped through-hole 7 bending directions on the gripper shoe 6.Arc-shaped through-hole 7 and corresponding support bar 8 on the described crossbeam two end supports plate are arranged side by side two groups.Wherein, described cleaning mechanism comprises described crossbeam, described crossbeam is the structure of rotating shaft 11, rotating shaft 11 two ends lean on the bearing rotating support on described supporting seat 2, also be provided with on the supporting seat of rotating shaft 11 1 ends for driving the rotating shaft electric motor 12 that rotating shaft is rotated, described rotating shaft 11 outer surfaces are provided with bristle 13 and form roller brushes structure.Described rotating shaft 11 1 sides also are set side by side with the L-shaped horizontal shovel 14 in cross section, and horizontal shovel 14 is used for rooting out round brush the place ahead bulky grain dirt; Described rotating shaft 11 opposite sides also are set side by side with rag support bar 15, and rag support bar 15 lower surfaces are provided with the rag bar be used to the solar panels surface contaminants of erasing.Described rotating shaft 11 tops also are provided with the housing 16 of semi-surrounding formula, and housing 16 two ends are fixedly supported on the supporting seat 2, and described horizontal shovel 14 and rag support bar 15 removably are connected the both sides of housing.
Last solar cell dust arrester, in the use, during original position, support bar is arranged on the gripper shoe arc-shaped through-hole position of an end on the lower, lead screw motor starts then, drives the screw mandrel rotation, and then the drive nut is walked along screw mandrel, make crossbeam walk up and down along solar panels, the cleaning mechanism on the crossbeam can clean.Owing to be provided with cross-rail-elevating mechanism, when crossbeam runs to screw mandrel one end, position-limited rack and supporting seat connect and are spacing to supporting base, screw mandrel was rotated further nut drive gripper shoe was walked on this moment, force support bar by arc-shaped through-hole on the lower an end move to by top one end, this moment, crossbeam was raised, and made cleaning mechanism break away from and the contacting of solar panels.Lead screw motor counter-rotating drives crossbeam and replys then, because crossbeam is in eminence, cleaning mechanism has broken away from and the contacting of solar panels, so the dust rubbish that is swept to solar panels one end can not brought back on the solar panels again in the crossbeam Recovery Process.When crossbeam is returned to original position, the position-limited rack of this position forces the support bar in the arc-shaped through-hole to slide into below one end position to supporting base is spacing, this moment, cleaning mechanism contacted with solar panels again, and lead screw motor is recovered just to change, and can drive crossbeam again and clean.Move in circles with this, can guarantee that cleaning mechanism only cleans solar panels toward a direction, problem such as avoided cleaning mechanism on solar panels, to sweep back and forth causing dust to be driven and then damage solar panels back and forth and be difficult to clean out.Simultaneously, wherein cross-rail-elevating mechanism arranges ingeniously, has utilized the cooperation of an arc-shaped through-hole and support bar to make the power of lead screw motor can to force crossbeam to carry out lifting, need not extra power, has simplified mechanism, has reduced production cost.
Simultaneously in the above-mentioned solar cell dust arrester, owing to adopted cleaning mechanism of the present utility model, so can carry out three step cleanings during work, at first by horizontal shovel the bulky grain dirt on solar panels surface is comprised that leaf even birds droppings etc. root out, make round brush to work better, damaged by the bulky grain dirt when avoiding round brush work.Clean by round brush then, round brush is the high speed rotation under the rotating shaft electric motor drive, can remove the solar panels most dirts in surface and dust, comprises shoveling the first time such as the residue after moving etc.Carry out last cleaning together by the rag bar more at last, the tiny dust in solar panels surface can be wiped, further improve cleaning effect.So just greatly improved cleaning effect, made its dedusting cleaner.The housing of She Zhiing can block the dust of round brush simultaneously, dust stratification on the round brush when avoiding not using, the cleaning effect the when cleaning of maintenance round brush can guarantee to use better; Realize being connected with support can be so that being connected and supporting stablely more and reliably of horizontal shovel and rag support bar have guaranteed the stability of horizontal shovel and the work of rag support bar horizontal shovel and rag support bar by housing simultaneously.Described removably connecting can make things convenient for the replacing of horizontal shovel and rag support bar simultaneously.During concrete enforcement, can lean on two row's bolts arranged side by side to realize removably connecting of horizontal shovel and rag support bar and housing.
In addition, in this solar cell dust arrester, described lead screw motor and rotating shaft electric motor all adopt stepper motor, are beneficial to control.Power source is stepper motor, because transmission device provides driving force clearing apparatus is moved back and forth, and movement velocity is less demanding, and power requirement is not high yet, and load also is invariable.And stepper motor just in time is applicable to low speed, the situation of constant load, and stepper motor has control convenience, reliable operation, advantages of cheap price.Described lead screw motor only arranges one and the synchronous screw mandrel that connects the solar panels dual-side of being with of employing, two rhizoid bars is all driven by a lead screw motor can keep better synchronism, with stablizing that assurance moves.During concrete enforcement, cleaning mechanism cleans when being set to the walking of oblique below, promotes when upwards replying to break away from solar panels, and so downward cleaning can reach superior cleaning.
In addition, in this solar cell dust arrester, can also increase intelligent control system, one side in the intelligent control system, can temperature sensor and the real-time temperature of light intensity sensor collection be set at solar panels, sunlight intensity, image data is delivered to single-chip microcomputer calculates voltage or the electric current theoretical value that solar panels absorption solar energy can reach under this temperature and sunlight intensity, with this theoretical value and actual comparison, judge whether to reach the predetermined limit threshold value, if reach then judge that dust is blocked up, Single-chip Controlling lead screw motor and rotating shaft electric motor start starts working, and does not reach then and does not work.On the other hand, can also be further compare by electric current, voltage predefined below the photovoltaic glass plate, that be evenly distributed on the photoelectric sensor under the photovoltaic glass plate electric current, the voltage that produce and the photoelectric sensor generation that is exposed to photovoltaic glass plate outside, judge whether to reach the scope of setting.When two foundations satisfied simultaneously, the dedusting action began to carry out.After dedusting a period of time, when one of them foundation did not satisfy, the dedusting action stopped, and gets back to initial position, for dedusting is next time prepared.
Above-mentionedly adopted solar cell dust arrester of the present utility model, except simple in structure, good dedusting effect, outside stable, also have the following advantages: 1, be convenient to realize intellectuality, perception dust accumulation degree judges whether to carry out the dedusting operation automatically; 2, anhydrous, the storage operation process does not need water, avoids water source requirement, secondary pollution and electrical safety; 3, low consumption, stand-by power consumption is low, and the dedusting operation is low in energy consumption; 4, long-acting, have high service life, accumulative total is used and is not less than 100,000 times.

Claims (3)

1. the cleaning mechanism of a solar cell dust arrester, it is characterized in that, described cleaning mechanism comprises the crossbeam that is horizontally installed on the solar panels top, described crossbeam is the structure of rotating shaft, the rotating shaft two ends lean on the bearing rotating support on supporting seat, also be provided with on the supporting seat of rotating shaft one end for driving the rotating shaft electric motor that rotating shaft is rotated, described rotating shaft outer surface is provided with bristle and forms roller brushes structure.
2. the cleaning mechanism of solar cell dust arrester as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described rotating shaft one side also is set side by side with the L-shaped horizontal shovel in cross section, and horizontal shovel is used for rooting out round brush the place ahead bulky grain dirt; Described rotating shaft opposite side also is set side by side with the rag support bar, and rag support bar lower surface is provided with the rag bar be used to the solar panels surface contaminants of erasing.
3. the cleaning mechanism of solar cell dust arrester as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described rotating shaft top also is provided with the housing of semi-surrounding formula, and the housing two ends are fixedly supported on the supporting seat, and described horizontal shovel and rag support bar removably are connected the both sides of housing.
CN 201320193320 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Cleaning mechanism of dust removal device of solar cells Expired - Fee Related CN203170616U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320193320 CN203170616U (en) 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Cleaning mechanism of dust removal device of solar cells

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320193320 CN203170616U (en) 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Cleaning mechanism of dust removal device of solar cells

Publications (1)

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CN203170616U true CN203170616U (en) 2013-09-04

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104624560A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 国家电网公司 Photovoltaic array self-cleaning system
CN104993783A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-10-21 奥特斯维能源(太仓)有限公司 Self-cleaning solar sell assembly
CN105344629A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 国网北京市电力公司 Photovoltaic plate cleaning device
CN105772423A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-20 李伦锦 Automatic solar panel sweeping device
CN106091426A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-11-09 余乾 A kind of helioplant
CN111589742A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-28 特斯联科技集团有限公司 Intelligent photovoltaic cleaning device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104624560A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 国家电网公司 Photovoltaic array self-cleaning system
CN104993783A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-10-21 奥特斯维能源(太仓)有限公司 Self-cleaning solar sell assembly
CN105344629A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 国网北京市电力公司 Photovoltaic plate cleaning device
CN105772423A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-20 李伦锦 Automatic solar panel sweeping device
CN105772423B (en) * 2016-03-09 2017-11-24 重庆欧荣莱汽车配件有限公司 Solar panels automatic cleaning equipment
CN106091426A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-11-09 余乾 A kind of helioplant
CN106091426B (en) * 2016-06-02 2018-05-08 山东云凯新能源股份有限公司 A kind of helioplant
CN111589742A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-28 特斯联科技集团有限公司 Intelligent photovoltaic cleaning device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130904

Termination date: 20180416