CN204131458U - A kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device - Google Patents

A kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204131458U
CN204131458U CN201420559537.7U CN201420559537U CN204131458U CN 204131458 U CN204131458 U CN 204131458U CN 201420559537 U CN201420559537 U CN 201420559537U CN 204131458 U CN204131458 U CN 204131458U
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cleaning vehicle
station
solar panel
waste water
rail cleaning
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CN201420559537.7U
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蒋建东
赵颖娣
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Jiang University Of Technology
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Jiang University Of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of energy field, is specifically related to a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device.This device comprises the track, the rail cleaning Vehicle that are layered on solar panel side in advance and rinses unit, and rinse unit and be contained in rail cleaning Vehicle, rail cleaning Vehicle is self-driving type and along rail running.Rail cleaning Vehicle is provided with flushing unit, rinse unit and comprise shooting, spray foam, water spray, wiping, blowing five stations, by camera, Real-Time Monitoring is carried out to flushing situation, can to flushing underproof region can repeatedly rinse until rinse qualified; The utility model employing overlays track and rail cleaning Vehicle is rinsed solar panel, whole-course automation, without the need to any manual operation, has saved the expenditure of wage for workmen; After flushing, waste water flows into wastewater trough through waste water guiding groove, and the waste water of wastewater trough is getting back to Rinsing Area after filter, achieves the recycling to waste water, has saved resource.

Description

A kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of energy field, is specifically related to a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device.
Background technology
Along with the progress of expanding economy, society, people propose more and more higher requirement to the energy.The source of existing electric power energy mainly contains thermoelectricity, water power and nuclear power.Thermoelectricity faces the danger of fossil fuel exhaustion, and bears the charge causing earth environment to worsen.Water power then will cause environmental disruption, and be subject to the impact in season.Though nuclear power is clean energy resource, nuclear safety remains international question.Therefore searching new forms of energy become the urgent problem that current mankind faces.What most possibly substitute traditional energy now is solar energy, and solar energy power generating is exactly utilize one of photoelectric conversion mode important means utilizing solar energy, due to its green, clean, renewable, the further raising along with photoelectric conversion efficiency must occupy the important seat of world energy sources consumption in the near future.
The collection of current solar energy mainly realizes by solar panel.Solar panel is arranged on open, sun-drenched area, region usually.But the shelter such as flying bird, dust, fallen leaves on falling unavoidably in Long-Time Service, these shelters form shade on solar panel.These local shades will change causing the electric current of some battery monomer in solar panel, voltage.Thus cause on these battery components and produce local temperature rise, i.e. " hot spot effect ".Use in solar cell in reality, the solder joint on battery component will be made to melt and damage grid line if the temperature that hot spot effect produces has exceeded certain limit, thus cause scrapping of whole solar module.According to external authority's statistics, hot spot effect makes at least reduce 10% the actual life of solar module.
The periodic cleaning work of solar panel effectively can avoid the appearance of hot spot effect.Experimental data shows, formulates reasonably clean, cleaning program, can improve economy of power plant benefit more than 20%.Rationally to solve cell panel and cover dirt problem, first will note formulating rational scavenging period program by local integrated condition.Next is that cleaning must be thoroughly clean, if leave dead angle still may cause serious consequences such as " hot spot effects ".Select correct cleaning means and method can improve the cell panel life-span during cleaning.Solar cell surface is high-strength armoured-glass, and it also exists the problem of wearing and tearing, and solar panel for ensureing normal power generation, generally monthly all will clean one to twice useful life all more than 20 years.If the Method and kit for used is incorrect, is easy to cause battery surface to wear and tear, affects generating capacity and cell panel life of product.The cleaning problem simultaneously solving photovoltaic power plant winter snows seasons is also extremely important.Winter snows can not clean battery component with water season, also there is the problem that cell panel condensation freezes some season, should adopt the equipment possessing snow removing, remove dew, deicing, anhydrous cleaning function.
Traditional cleaning method is manual cleaning.But often solar panel is all tilted-putted, and high low head often has three or four meters, peak manually cannot clean or the dead angle of not easy cleaning often.During manual cleaning highest point, there is certain danger of falling simultaneously.Again, manual cleaning has certainty scarcely, thinks clean up as street cleaner's subjectivity, but actual state is not up to standard, or occur tired after street cleaner works long hours, cause cleaning quality not high, more very some lazy workman does not go the eminence of cleaning solar energy cell plate.These all can reduce the efficiency even life-span of solar power generation.
The utility model is intended to design a kind of device that can rinse solar panel, this plant automation degree is high, be applicable to the flushing of solar panels a large amount of in photovoltaic power plant, the mode that the utility model adopts is that rail cleaning Vehicle is cleaned solar panel, rail cleaning Vehicle travels on the track being laid on solar panel side in advance, solar panel is rinsed simultaneously, rail cleaning Vehicle of the present utility model is provided with five stations, respectively solar panel is made a video recording, spray organic solvent, water spray, wiping and blowing five processes.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device, this cleaning Vehicle can substitute manual cleaning, dust on cleaning solar power generation plate, the plate face of solar panel is kept to clean, be conducive to the raising of collecting efficiency, electricity conversion, waste water reuse can be reclaimed, more environmental protection, more automation while rinsing.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device, comprise the track, rail cleaning Vehicle and the flushing unit that are layered on solar panel side in advance, described flushing unit is contained in rail cleaning Vehicle, and described rail cleaning Vehicle is self-driving type and along rail running.
Described rail cleaning Vehicle is provided with the bracing frame suitable with solar panel length, the ball-screw be fixed on bracing frame, leading screw seat, rinses unit, leading screw drive motors, waste water guiding groove, wastewater trough, filter and Rinsing Area, support frame as described above placement parallel with tilted-putted solar panel, the length of described ball-screw and solar panel is suitable, and described leading screw seat connects ball-screw and moves up and down under the driving of ball-screw; Described wastewater trough and Rinsing Area are located at rail cleaning Vehicle inside and centre is separated by filter, described waste water guiding groove is provided with two, to be symmetrically distributed in about rail cleaning Vehicle on two sides, described waste water guiding groove is communicated with wastewater trough, described leading screw seat connects flushing unit by straight-bar, and the end of described ball-screw connects leading screw drive motors.
Described flushing unit comprises crossbeam and is located at five stations on crossbeam, and described five stations are followed successively by the first station, the second station and the 3rd station, the 4th station and the 5th station according to job order; Described first station is equipped with camera; Described second station is equipped with foam jet, and described foam jet is connected by pipeline and is arranged on the foam maker of rail cleaning Vehicle inside, described foam maker built with liquid be organic solvent; Described 3rd station is equipped with spray nozzle, and described spray nozzle connects the hydraulic pump be located in Rinsing Area by water pipe; Described 4th station is equipped with scouring plate; Described 5th station is equipped with hair-dryer; Described first station, the second station, the 3rd station, the 4th station are all connected with the 5th station the controller being located at rail cleaning Vehicle inside.
Further, described rail cleaning Vehicle is provided with supporting bracket, and described supporting bracket is connected by rotating shaft with rail cleaning Vehicle, and described supporting bracket can rotate around the axis, and support frame as described above is fixing on the supporting plate.
Of the present utility modelly to be contemplated that: lay track on the side of solar panel, rail cleaning Vehicle is rinsed solar panel while walking in orbit.Rail cleaning Vehicle is provided with the support bar parallel with solar panel, support bar is equipped with the flushing unit that can move up and down.The waste water produced in water spray process along with under the slope current of solar panel, can drop in the waste water guiding groove of solar panel, flows into wastewater trough, complete the recovery to waste water through waste water guiding groove.Waste water gets back to Rinsing Area through filter simultaneously, achieves the recycling of waste water.Track is S-type, when solar panel rinse complete enter next row time, supporting bracket in rail cleaning Vehicle can revolve turnback, support bar now in rail cleaning Vehicle can keep parallel with second row solar panel, can proceed to rinse, another one waste water guiding groove simultaneously in rail cleaning Vehicle is just to second row solar panel, and the waste water produced when can rinse second row solar panel reclaims.Rinse unit comprise shooting, spray foam, water spray, wiping, blowing double teacher, Real-Time Monitoring can be carried out to flushing situation by camera, for rinse underproof region can repeatedly rinse until rinse qualified.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
1) adopt and overlay track and rail cleaning Vehicle is rinsed solar panel, whole-course automation, without the need to any manual operation, save the expenditure of wage for workmen, be highly suitable for batch cleaning, be particularly useful for the cleaning of solar panel in enormous quantities, track can realize the serialization of flushing simultaneously, can not because of rinse the situation stopping rinsing once row's solar panel.
2) after having cleaned solar panel, wastewater trough is entered by the drainage of waste water guiding groove from the clear water of spray nozzle ejection during rail cleaning Vehicle cleaning solar power generation plate, the waste water of wastewater trough is getting back to Rinsing Area after filter, achieve the recycling to waste water, save resource; Waste water guiding groove is provided with two, facilitates the recovery of waste water when second row solar panel rinses; Whole device only needs regularly to clear up wastewater trough and filter, has saved maintenance cost.
3) unit is rinsed by straight-bar leading screw seat, leading screw seat coordinates with the ball-screw be arranged on bracing frame simultaneously, length and the solar panel of ball-screw are isometric, ball-screw can drive flushing unit to move up and down along the inclined plane of solar panel when rotating under the effect of leading screw drive motors, thus solar panel is rinsed thoroughly, avoid the problem occurring that dead angle cannot be rinsed, be conducive to collecting efficiency, electricity conversion.
4) rinse unit comprise shooting, spray foam, water spray, wiping, blowing five operations, camera carries out Real-Time Monitoring to flushing situation, can to rinse underproof region can repeatedly rinse until rinse qualified.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model rail cleaning Vehicle track.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model rail cleaning Vehicle operating state.
Embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment also with reference to accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.Should be appreciated that, these describe just exemplary, and do not really want to limit scope of the present utility model.In addition, in the following description, the description to known features and technology is eliminated, to avoid unnecessarily obscuring concept of the present utility model.
Composition graphs 1, Fig. 2, a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device, comprise the track 2, rail cleaning Vehicle 3 and the flushing unit 6 that are layered on solar panel 1 side in advance, rinse unit 6 and be contained in rail cleaning Vehicle 3, rail cleaning Vehicle 3 is self-driving type and travels along track 2.
Rail cleaning Vehicle 3 is provided with the bracing frame 5 suitable with solar panel length, the ball-screw 11 be fixed on bracing frame 5, leading screw seat 12, rinse unit 6, leading screw drive motors, waste water guiding groove 9, wastewater trough 8, filter and Rinsing Area, bracing frame 8 and the parallel placement of tilted-putted solar panel 1, ball-screw 11 is suitable with the length of solar panel 1, and leading screw seat 12 connects ball-screw 11 and moves up and down under the driving of ball-screw 11; Wastewater trough 8 and Rinsing Area are located at rail cleaning Vehicle inside and centre is separated by filter, waste water guiding groove 9 is provided with two, be symmetrically distributed on rail cleaning Vehicle about 3 two sides, waste water guiding groove 9 is communicated with wastewater trough 8, leading screw seat 12 connects flushing unit 6 by straight-bar 7, and the end of ball-screw 11 connects leading screw drive motors.
Rinse unit 6 to comprise crossbeam and be located at five stations on crossbeam, five stations are followed successively by the first station, the second station and the 3rd station, the 4th station and the 5th station according to job order; First station is equipped with camera; Second station is equipped with foam jet, and foam jet is connected by pipeline and is arranged on the foam maker of rail cleaning Vehicle inside, foam maker built with liquid be organic solvent; 3rd station is equipped with spray nozzle, and spray nozzle connects the hydraulic pump be located in Rinsing Area by water pipe; 4th station is equipped with scouring plate; 5th station is equipped with hair-dryer; First station, the second station, the 3rd station, the 4th station are all connected with the 5th station the controller being located at rail cleaning Vehicle 1 inside.
Rail cleaning Vehicle 3 is provided with supporting bracket 4, and supporting bracket 4 is connected by rotating shaft with rail cleaning Vehicle 3, and supporting bracket 4 can rotate around the axis, and bracing frame 5 is fixed in supporting bracket 4.
Should be understood that, above-mentioned embodiment of the present utility model only for exemplary illustration or explain principle of the present utility model, and is not formed restriction of the present utility model.Therefore, any amendment made when not departing from spirit and scope of the present utility model, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection range of the present utility model.In addition, the utility model claims be intended to contain fall into claims scope and border or this scope and border equivalents in whole change and modification.

Claims (2)

1. the solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device, it is characterized in that: comprise the track, rail cleaning Vehicle and the flushing unit that are layered on solar panel side in advance, described flushing unit is contained in rail cleaning Vehicle, and described rail cleaning Vehicle is self-driving type and along rail running;
Described rail cleaning Vehicle is provided with the bracing frame suitable with solar panel length, the ball-screw be fixed on bracing frame, leading screw seat, rinses unit, leading screw drive motors, waste water guiding groove, wastewater trough, filter and Rinsing Area, support frame as described above placement parallel with tilted-putted solar panel, the length of described ball-screw and solar panel is suitable, and described leading screw seat connects ball-screw and moves up and down under the driving of ball-screw; Described wastewater trough and Rinsing Area are located at rail cleaning Vehicle inside and centre is separated by filter, described waste water guiding groove is provided with two, to be symmetrically distributed in about rail cleaning Vehicle on two sides, described waste water guiding groove is communicated with wastewater trough, described leading screw seat connects flushing unit by straight-bar, and the end of described ball-screw connects leading screw drive motors;
Described flushing unit comprises crossbeam and is located at five stations on crossbeam, and described five stations are followed successively by the first station, the second station and the 3rd station, the 4th station and the 5th station according to job order; Described first station is equipped with camera; Described second station is equipped with foam jet, and described foam jet is connected by pipeline and is arranged on the foam maker of rail cleaning Vehicle inside, described foam maker built with liquid be organic solvent; Described 3rd station is equipped with spray nozzle, and described spray nozzle connects the hydraulic pump be located in Rinsing Area by water pipe; Described 4th station is equipped with scouring plate; Described 5th station is equipped with hair-dryer; Described first station, the second station, the 3rd station, the 4th station are all connected with the 5th station the controller being located at rail cleaning Vehicle inside.
2. a kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rail cleaning Vehicle is provided with supporting bracket, described supporting bracket is connected by rotating shaft with rail cleaning Vehicle, described supporting bracket can rotate around the axis, and support frame as described above is fixing on the supporting plate.
CN201420559537.7U 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 A kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device Active CN204131458U (en)

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CN201420559537.7U CN204131458U (en) 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 A kind of solar panel cleaning Vehicle with waste water reclaiming device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104320065A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 浙江工业大学 Solar panel cleaning vehicle with waste water recycling device
CN109861641A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-06-07 徐州工业职业技术学院 Photovoltaic module cooling system and control method based on technology of Internet of things
CN111342764A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-26 国网山东省电力公司利津县供电公司 Photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning device with supporting mechanism

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104320065A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 浙江工业大学 Solar panel cleaning vehicle with waste water recycling device
CN104320065B (en) * 2014-09-26 2017-01-18 浙江工业大学 Solar panel cleaning vehicle with waste water recycling device
CN109861641A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-06-07 徐州工业职业技术学院 Photovoltaic module cooling system and control method based on technology of Internet of things
CN111342764A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-26 国网山东省电力公司利津县供电公司 Photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning device with supporting mechanism
CN111342764B (en) * 2020-03-09 2021-05-11 国网山东省电力公司利津县供电公司 Photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning device with supporting mechanism

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